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Clifford Evans photograph collection of Smithsonian anthropologists

Collector:
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Photographer:
Harris & Ewing  Search this
Tolman, Ruel P. (Ruel Pardee), 1878-1954  Search this
Names:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Newman, Marshall T. (Marshall Thornton), 1911-1994  Search this
St. Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Wetmore, Alexander, 1886-1978  Search this
Extent:
6 Prints (silver gelatin)
1 Print (halftone or collotype)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1933-1952
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting members of the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Ethnology and Department of Anthropology. The collection includes photographs of William Duncan Strong, Robert Stephenson, and M.T. Newman in the field (1933, 1938, and 1952); a photograph of Dr. Walter Hough and Neil M. Judd (1935); a group portrait of the Department of Anthropology staff on the steps of the Natural History Building (1952); and winners at an award presentation for the department (1952). The collection also includes a photomechanical print with a portrait of William Henry Holmes, made by Harris & Ewing.
Biographical/Historical note:
Clifford Evans (1920-1981) was curator of Latin American archeology for the Smithsonian Institution's Museum of Natural History. Born in Dallas, Dr. Evans grew up in California and graduated from the University of Southern California in 1941. He served in the Army Air Force in World War II and later earned a doctorate at Columbia University.

A former instructor in archeology and anthropology, Dr. Evans joined the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History as a curator in 1951. A pioneer in studies of the prehistoric past of the Amazonian forest and lowlands, he conducted archeological field work throughout South America and in the Pacific Islands. He and his wife, anthropologist Betty Meggers, collaborated on more than 100 scientific articles and monographs. Dr. Evans was honored with the Washington Academy of Sciences Award for Scientific Achievement, the 37th International Congress of Americanists Gold Medal and the Order of Merit from the Government of Ecuador.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-80
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of Smithsonian anthropologists can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 4822, Photo Lot 7A, Photo Lot 7D, Photo Lot 33, Photo Lot 39, Photo Lot 77-52, and Photo Lot 92-35.
Additional photographs by Harris & Ewing can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 33, and Photo Lot 78-20.
The Library of Congress holds the Harris & Ewing Collection of glass and film negatives.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 77-80, Clifford Evans photograph collection of Smithsonian anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-80
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-80

The Uhle pottery collections from Ica / by A.L. Kroeber and William Duncan Strong ; with three appendices by Max Uhle

Author:
Kroeber, A. L (Alfred Louis) 1876-1960  Search this
Uhle, Max 1856-1944  Search this
Author:
Strong, William Duncan 1899-1962  Search this
Physical description:
pages [95]-133, 16 leaves of plates : illustrations, maps ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Peru
North America
Ica (Peru : Region)
Date:
1924
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Indian pottery  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
F3429.3.P8 K764 1924
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1113761

MS 4846 Correspondence between BAE authors and the BAE Editorʹs office

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology Editor  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard  Search this
Johnson, F.  Search this
Correspondent:
Adams, William Yewdale  Search this
Alphonse, Rev. E.S.  Search this
Bass, William Marvin, III  Search this
Basso, Keith  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Biese, L. P.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowers, Alfred W.  Search this
Boyd, Mark F.  Search this
Bunzel, Ruth Leah, 1898-1990  Search this
Caldwell, Warren W.  Search this
Cancillius, D.  Search this
Capron, Louis Bishop, 1891-1971  Search this
Chafe, William  Search this
Coe, Joffre Lanning  Search this
Coe, Michael  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Cooper, Paul L. (Paul Lemen), 1909-1961  Search this
Davis, I.  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Devereux, George  Search this
Dorsey, H. W.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Fisher, E. M.  Search this
Flannery, Kent Vaughn  Search this
Flannery, Regina  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Follett, W. I.  Search this
Fowke, Gerard, 1855-1933  Search this
Gearing, Frederick O., 1922-  Search this
Gentry H. S.  Search this
Gifford, Edward Winslow  Search this
Goggin, John M.  Search this
Goldfrank, Esther Schiff  Search this
Grange, R. T., Jr  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Gulick, John  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Hass, Mary  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henry, J.  Search this
Hickerson, Harold  Search this
Hickerson, Joseph Charles, 1935-  Search this
Hilger, Marie Inez, Sister, 1891-1977  Search this
Hoffman, B.  Search this
Holland, C. G.  Search this
Holzinger, C. H.  Search this
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Jelks, Edward  Search this
Jones, J. A.  Search this
Keyes, I.  Search this
Kilpatrick, F. and A.  Search this
Kissell, Mary Lois  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Kupferer, Harriet J.  Search this
Kurath, G.  Search this
Kutsche, P.  Search this
Ladd, J.  Search this
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Landy, D.  Search this
Le Claire, P.  Search this
Lewis, M. G.  Search this
Lounsbury, Floyd Glenn  Search this
Malouf, Carling I. (Carling Isaac), 1916-2007  Search this
Mangelsdorf  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Mason  Search this
Mattes, Merrill, J.  Search this
Merriam, A. P.  Search this
Metcalf, George, 1900-1975  Search this
Meyer, G.  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Miller, Carl F.  Search this
Mills, J. E.  Search this
Morley, Sylvanus Griswold  Search this
Murrill, R.  Search this
Neuman, R.  Search this
Oberg, Kalvero  Search this
O'Bryan, A.  Search this
Olbrechts, Frans M., 1899-1958  Search this
Osborne, Douglas  Search this
Oswalt, W.  Search this
Palmer, M. H.  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941  Search this
Petersen, Karen Daniels  Search this
Pierson, D.  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Rands, R. L.  Search this
Rhodes, Willard, 1901-1992  Search this
Roberts, Helen H. (Helen Heffron), 1888-1985  Search this
Roth, William P.  Search this
Shimkin, Demitri Boris  Search this
Shiner, Joel L.  Search this
Smith, C.  Search this
Smith, Homer Garner  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Spencer, Robert  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Squier, Robert J.  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922  Search this
Thomas, R. K.  Search this
Tooker, Elizabeth  Search this
Tschopik, Harry S. Jr.  Search this
Tsien Y. Y.  Search this
Van Stone, James W.  Search this
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988  Search this
Vogt, Evon Zartman  Search this
Wallace, A.  Search this
Wallace, W. J.  Search this
Webb, William S. (William Snyder), 1882-1964  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Weiant, C. W. (Clarence Wolsey), 1897-1986  Search this
Weltfish, Gene, 1902-1980  Search this
Wheeler, Richard Page  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Wilder, C. S.  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Wood, Raymond  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Ackerknecht, Erwin H.  Search this
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985  Search this
Boyd W.  Search this
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
De Avile, B.  Search this
De Gandia, E.  Search this
Frenguelli, Joaquín, 1883-1958  Search this
Gillin, John, 1907-1973  Search this
Gilmore, R. M.  Search this
Goldman, Irving, 1911-2002  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henckel, C.  Search this
Horton, D.  Search this
Imbelloni, J.  Search this
Kubler, G. A.  Search this
La Barre, Weston, 1911-1996  Search this
Levi-Strauss, C.  Search this
Lipkind, William, 1904-1974  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957  Search this
McBryde, F. W.  Search this
McCown, T. D.  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Miller, R. R.  Search this
OʹNeale, Lila M.  Search this
Parks, E. T.  Search this
Pourchet, M. J.  Search this
Powers, N.  Search this
Riley, M. W.  Search this
Root, W. C.  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Rowe, John Howland, 1918-2004  Search this
Sauer, Carl  Search this
Steggerda, Morris  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Stone, D.  Search this
Stout, D. C.  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wilson, E. A.  Search this
Science Information Services  Search this
Names:
Hunter College  Search this
Extent:
3 Volumes
4 Boxes
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1927-1967
Scope and Contents:
Also records of galley and page proofs.
Arrangement:
Letters are arranged alphabetically by author, except for a separate file relating to the Handbook of South American Indians (BAE-B 143).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4846
Topic:
Handbook of Middle American Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Policy  Search this
River Basin Survey Bulletin-Final Costs  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4846, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4846
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4846

Ruth Landes papers

Correspondent:
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Wallis, Ruth Sawtell, 1895-1978  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Lopez, Salvador  Search this
Little, Kenneth  Search this
Wilson, Maggie  Search this
Whitecloud, Thomas St. Germain  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Hellman, Ellen  Search this
Haugen, Einar  Search this
Gough, Kathleen  Search this
Lewis, Oscar  Search this
Kaberry, Phyllis Mary, 1910-  Search this
Imes, Elmer Samuel, 1883-1941  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Steyn, Anna F.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Sparta, Francisco  Search this
Rubin, Joan  Search this
Rubin, Vera  Search this
Rodnick, David  Search this
Rogers, Edward S.  Search this
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980  Search this
Roberts, Robert W.  Search this
Ramo, Arthur  Search this
Richards, Audrey  Search this
Preston, Richard J.  Search this
Verger, Pierre  Search this
Vennum, Thomas  Search this
Topash, Mary  Search this
Topash, Joe  Search this
Teskey, Lynn  Search this
Taylor, Beryl  Search this
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Quain, Buell H. (Buell Halvor), 1912-1939  Search this
Dunning, William  Search this
Douglas, William A.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Edmondson, Munro S.  Search this
Black, Mary B.  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Domengeaux, James  Search this
Feldman, Albert G.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Gacs, Ute  Search this
Franklin, John Hope  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Erickson, Vincent O.  Search this
Falk, Minna R.  Search this
Faitlovitch, V.  Search this
Alberto Torres, Heloisa  Search this
Buck, Pearl  Search this
Bruce, Harold E.  Search this
Borri, Rina  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baldus, Herbert  Search this
Barnouw, Victor  Search this
Bateson, Mary Catherine  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Malherbe, E.G.  Search this
Marks, Eli S.  Search this
Masha, Louise  Search this
Maslow, Will  Search this
Masquat, Joseph M.  Search this
Mayer, Kurt B.  Search this
McWilliams, Carey  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J.  Search this
Carneiro, Edison  Search this
Chilver, E. M.  Search this
Chilver, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
Colson, Elizabeth F.  Search this
Daveron, Alexander  Search this
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973  Search this
Officer, James E.  Search this
Odum, Howard W.  Search this
Park, Alice  Search this
Paredes, Anthony  Search this
Paton, Alan  Search this
Park, George  Search this
Prado, Idabel do  Search this
Peschel, Keewaydinoquay M.  Search this
Merwe, Hendrik W. van der  Search this
Murphy, Robert Francis  Search this
Messing, Simon D.  Search this
Neumann, Anita  Search this
Nef, Evelyn Stefansson  Search this
Nocktonick, Louise  Search this
Neumann, Walter  Search this
Creator:
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Names:
Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures  Search this
Committee on Fair Employment Practices  Search this
Fisk University  Search this
Johnson, Charles S.  Search this
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Park, Robert E.  Search this
Extent:
26.5 Linear feet ((63 document boxes and 1 oversized box))
Culture:
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
African American  Search this
Potowatomi  Search this
Santee Indians  Search this
African  Search this
Acadians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Jews -- American  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Latinos -- California  Search this
Brazilians  Search this
Basques  Search this
American Indians  Search this
Dakota -- Santee  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Africans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Quebec -- bilingualism
United Kingdom -- colored immigration
South Africa
Date:
1928-1992
Summary:
Most of Ruth Landes's papers relate directly or indirectly to Landes's American Indian research, her work in Brazil, and her study of bilingualism. There is also a considerable amount of material that relates to her experiences (sometimes fictionalized) at Fisk University. There is only small amount of material related to her other interests. Her collection also has material of and relating to the Brazilian folklorist and journalist Edison Carneiro. There is also noteworthy material concerning Herbert Baldus, Ruth Benedict, Elmer C. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, and Robert E. Park. There is a large amount of printed and processed materials in the collection, mainly in the form of newspaper clippings and a collection of scholarly papers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is mainly comprised of the professional papers of Ruth Schlossberg Landes. Included are correspondence, journals, published and unpublished manuscripts of writings, research materials including field notes and reading notes, photographs, drawings, scholarly papers and publications by other scholars, and clippings from newspapers and periodicals.

Landes's field research on Candomblé in Brazil is well-represented in this collection, consisting of her field journals, writings, and photographs. Also present are Maggie Wilson's stories that were the basis for Landes's The Ojibwa Woman. Unfortunately, Landes was unable to locate her journals for her early research with the Ojibwa/Chippewa, Potawatomi, and Dakota. There are, however, field photographs of the Ojibwa/Chippewa and Potawatomi in the collection. There is also a great deal of her research on groups, especially minorities, in multilingual states with particular focus on the French of Quebec, Basques of Spain and the United States, Boers and Blacks of South Africa, the several socio-linguistic groups of Switzerland, and Acadians (Cajuns) of Louisiana. In the collection are several drafts of her unpublished manuscript on bilingualism, "Tongues that Defy the State." There is also a small amount of material about Black Jews of New York and considerable material about Landes's experience among African Americans when she taught briefly at Fisk University, including her unpublished manuscript "Now, at Athens," containing fictional and autobiographical accounts of her time at Fisk.

Reflections of other facets of Landes's professional activities are also included. Some materials concern her teaching activities, and there is also documentation of her work with the Fair Employment Practices Commission (a federal government agency during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt) and a similar private organization which immediately succeeded the FEPA; Gunnar Myrdal's research into the plight of African Americans ("The Negro in America"); the Research in Contemporary Cultures project at Columbia University; and the American Jewish Congress.

Among Landes's correspondents are Ruth Benedict, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ralph Bunche, Herbert Baldus, Edison Carneiro, Sally Chilver, Frances Densmore, Sol Tax, Elmer S. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, Robert E. Park, and Hendrik W. van der Merwe.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: (1) Correspondence, 1931-1991; (2) Research Materials, circa 1930s-1990; (3) Writings, circa 1930s-1990; (4) Teaching Materials, 1935-1975, undated; (5) Biographical and Personal Files, 1928-1988; (6) Graphic Materials, 1933-1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Ruth Schlossberg Landes was born on October 8, 1908 in New York City. Her father was Joseph Schlossberg, an activist in the Yiddish labor socialist community and one of the founders of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. She studied sociology at New York University (B.A. 1928) and social work at the New York School of Social Work, Columbia University (M.S.W. 1929). While in graduate school, Landes studied Black Jews in Harlem for her master's thesis, a topic that developed her interests in anthropology.

After graduating in 1929, she worked as a social worker in Harlem and married Victor Landes, a medical student and son of family friends. Their marriage ended after two years when she enrolled in the doctoral program in anthropology at Columbia against her husband's wishes. She kept his surname due to the stigma of being a divorced woman.

At Columbia, Landes studied under Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict, her main advisor. Under the guidance of Benedict, Landes moved away from further study of African Americans to focus on Native American communities. Upon Benedict's suggestion, Landes studied the social organization of the Ojibwa in Manitou Rapids in Ontario from 1932 to 1936 for her Ph.D. fieldwork. Her dissertation, Ojibwa Sociology, was published in 1937. Landes also contributed "The Ojibwa of Canada" in Cooperation and Competition among Primitive Peoples (1937), a volume edited by Margaret Mead. In 1938, Landes published Ojibwa Women (1938), a book written in collaboration with Maggie Wilson, an Ojibwa interpreter and informant.

In addition to studying the Ojibwa in Ontario, Landes also conducted fieldwork with the Chippewa of Red Lake, Minnesota in 1933, working closely with shaman or midé Will Rogers. Her book, Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin (1968) was based largely on her research with Rogers and Maggie Wilson. In 1935 and 1936, she undertook fieldwork with the Santee Dakota in Minnesota and the Potawatomi in Kansas. Like Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin, her books on the Santee Dakota and Potawatomi were not published until several years later—The Mystic Lake Sioux: Sociology of the Mdewakantonwan Sioux was published in 1968 while The Prairie Potawatomi was published in 1970. In between her field research in the 1930s and the publication of The Prairie Potawatomi, Landes returned to Kansas to study the Potawatomi in the 1950s and 1960s.

Landes's plan to continue her studies with the Potawatomi in 1937 changed when Benedict invited her to join a team of researchers from Columbia University in Brazil. Landes was to conduct research on Afro-Brazilians in Bahia, Brazil, while Walter Lipkind, Buell Quain, and Charles Wagley studied indigenous people in the Amazons. To prepare for her research, Landes was at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee in 1937 and 1938 to consult with Robert Park and Donald Pierson and to use the university's library collections of African and African American materials. During that time, Landes also held a teaching position at Fisk and lived in the non-segregated women's residence on campus. Landes later wrote "Now, at Athens," an unpublished memoir containing fictional and true accounts of her experiences at Fisk.

From 1938 to 1939, Landes conducted fieldwork on the role of Afro-Brazilian women and homosexuals in the Candomblé religion in Bahia, Brazil. Unable to move freely by herself in Brazil as a single woman, Landes was accompanied by Edison Carneiro, a Bahian journalist and folklorist. With Carneiro as her companion, Landes was allowed access to rituals and people that would have been closed off to her otherwise. Due to her association with Carneiro, a member of the Brazilian Communist Party, Landes was suspected of being a communist and was forced to leave Bahia early. Publications from her research in Brazil include "A Cult Matriarchate and Male Homosexuality" (1940) and City of Women (1947). She returned to Brazil in 1966 to study the effects of urban development in Rio de Janeiro. In 1967, a Portuguese translation of City of Women was published, a project that Carneiro had commissioned as the first director of the Ministry of Education and Culture's Special National Agency for the Protection of Folklore.

Landes returned to New York in 1939, working briefly as a researcher for Gunnar Myrdal's study of African Americans. Unable to obtain a permanent position at a university, she worked in several other short term positions throughout most of her career. During World War II, Landes was a research director for the Office of the Coordinator for Inter-American Affairs (1941) and consultant for President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Fair Employment Practices Committee on African American and Mexican American cases (1941-44). In 1945, Landes directed a program created by Pearl S. Buck and a group of interdenominational clergy to analyze pending New York anti-discrimination legislation. She moved to California the following year to work for the Los Angeles Metropolitan Welfare Council on a study of race and youth gangs. After her contract ended, she moved back to New York and was hired as a contract researcher for the American Jewish Congress (1948-50). She also participated in Columbia University's Research in Contemporary Cultures (1949-51), studying Jewish families. She coauthored with Mark Zborowski, "Hypothesis concerning the Eastern European Jewish Family." From 1951 to 1952, Landes spent a year in London, funded by a Fulbright fellowship to study colored colonial immigrants and race relations in Great Britain.

After her fellowship ended, Landes returned to the United States and held short term appointments at several universities. She taught at the William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution in New York (1953-54), the New School for Social Research in New York (1953-55), University of Kansas (1957, 1964), University of Southern California (1957-62), Columbia University (1963), Los Angeles State College (1963), and Tulane University (1964). At Claremont Graduate School, Landes helped to develop and direct the Claremont Anthropology and Education Program (1959-62).

It was not until 1965 that Landes obtained a permanent faculty position at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario; she was recruited for the position by Richard Slobodin. Due to Ontario's age retirement law, Landes was forced to retire in 1973 at the age of 65. She continued to teach part-time until 1977, when she became professor emerita.

Landes passed away at the age of 82 on February 11, 1991.

Sources Consulted

Cole, Sally. 2003. Ruth Landes: A Life in Anthropology. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.

Chronology

1908 October 8 -- Born Ruth Schlossberg in New York City

1928 -- B.A. in sociology, New York University

1929 -- M.S.W., New York School of Social Work, Columbia University

1929-1931 -- Social worker in Harlem Married to Victor Landes

1929-1934 -- Studied Black Jews in Harlem

1931 -- Began graduate work in anthropology at Columbia University

1932-1936 -- Studied the Ojibwa in Ontario and Minnesota (in field periodically)

1933-1940 -- Research Fellow, Columbia University

1935 Summer-Fall -- Studied the Santee Sioux (Dakota) in Minnesota

1935-1936 -- Studied the Potawatomi in Kansas

1935 -- Ph.D., Columbia University

1937 -- Instructor, Brooklyn College

1937-1938 -- Instructor, Fisk University

1938-1939 -- Studied Afro-Brazilians and Candomblé in Brazil, especially at Bahia

1939 -- Researcher on Gunnar Myrdal's study, "The Negro in America"

1941 -- Research Director, Office of Inter American Affairs, Washington, D.C.

1941-1945 -- Representative for Negro and Mexican American Affairs, Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), President Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration

1944 -- Interim Director, Committee Against Racial Discrimination, New York

1946-1947 -- Researcher, study of Mexican American youth, gangs, and families, Los Angeles Metropolitan Council

1948-1951 -- Researcher, American Jewish Congress, New York

1949-1951 -- Research consultant, study on Jewish families in New York for Research in Contemporary Cultures Project, Columbia University

1951-1952 -- Fulbright Scholar, to study colored colonial immigration into Great Britain

1953-1954 -- Lecturer, William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution, New York

1953-1955 -- Lecturer, New School for Social Research, New York

1956-1957 -- Married to Ignacio Lutero Lopez

1957 Summer -- Visiting Professor, University of Kansas

1957-1958 -- Visiting Professor, University of Southern California

1957-1965 -- Consultant, California agencies (Department of Social Work, Bureau of Mental Hygiene, Department of Education, Public Health Department) and San Francisco Police Department

1958-1959 -- Director, Geriatrics Program, Los Angeles City Health Department

1959-1962 -- Visiting Professor and Director of Anthropology and Education Program, Claremont Graduate School

1962 -- Extension Lecturer, University of California, Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley

1963 -- Extension Lecturer, Columbia University Extension Lecturer, Los Angeles State College

1963-1965 -- Consultant, International Business Machines (IBM)

1964 January-June -- Visiting Professor, Tulane University

1964 Summer -- Field work with Potawatomi in Kansas Professor, University of Kansas

1965-1975 -- Professor at McMaster University

1966 -- Studied urban development in Rio de Janeiro

1968-1975 -- Studied bilingualism and biculturalism in Spain, Switzerland, South Africa, United States, and Canada (in Spain and the United States concentrated on Basques)

1975 -- Became part-time faculty member at McMaster University

1977 -- Professor Emerita, McMaster University

1978 -- Award of Merit from the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay

1991 February 11 -- Died in Hamilton, Ontario

1991 -- Establishment of the Ruth Landes Memorial Research Fund at Research Institute for the Study of Man (RISM)
Related Materials:
Correspondence from Ruth Landes can be found in the William Duncan Strong Papers, the Leonard Bloomfield Papers, and MS 7369. The Ruth Bunzel Papers contains a copy of a grant application by Landes.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Ruth Landes in 1991.
Restrictions:
The Ruth Landes papers are open for research. The nitrate negatives in this collection have been separated from the collection and stored offsite. Access to nitrate negatives is restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Ruth Landes papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Midéwiwin  Search this
Bilingualism  Search this
Aging  Search this
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Citation:
Ruth Landes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1991-04
See more items in:
Ruth Landes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1991-04
Additional Online Media:

MS 2011-29 Oral history interview of Waldo R. Wedel

Interviewee:
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Interviewer:
Banks, Larry D.  Search this
Givens, Douglas R.  Search this
Names:
River Basin Surveys  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bushnell, David I., Jr. (David Ives), 1875-1941  Search this
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981  Search this
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Lehmer, Donald Jayne, 1918-1975  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Wedel, Mildred Mott  Search this
Extent:
2 Sound cassettes (analog)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Sound cassettes
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1996 June 17
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Waldo R. Wedel conducted by Larry D. Banks and Douglas Givens on June 17, 1996 in Boulder, Colorado. The interview was conducted at Wedel's nursing home, a couple of months before he died.This interview is part of a series of oral histories of archaeologists recorded by Givens. Topics include Wedel's youth, career, fieldwork, colleagues, the Smithsonian Institution, and the River Basin Surveys.
Biographical / Historical:
Waldo R. Wedel was an archaeologist, best known for his contributions to Plains archaeology. He worked at the Smithsonian Institution from 1936 to 1977. He began his career at the Smithsonian as an assistant curator under Neil M. Judd in the Division of Archeology in the United States National Museum. He later became curator of archeology in 1950, and in 1962, he became head curator of the Department of Anthropology. In 1964-1965, he was acting head of the newly organized Smithsonian Office of Anthropology. Wedel also established and directed the Missouri Basin Project (1946-50) of the Bureau of American Ethnology's River Basin Surveys.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2011-29
General:
Date on box insert incorrectly listed as July 18, 1996.
Other Archival Materials:
See also Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel Papers
Provenance:
Received from Dennis Stanford.
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Manuscript 2011-29, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.MS2011-29
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2011-29

MS 7200 Field catalog of Honduran artifacts and other lists

Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
47 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Place:
Honduras -- archeology
Date:
ca. 1936
Scope and Contents:
Includes a list of field catalog numbers in Strong's hand, a typescript of field numbers with identifications, a list of specimens left at the photographers, and a list of specimens removed from the lab.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 7200
Citation:
Manuscript 7200, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS7200
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms7200

Cross sections of new world prehistory : a brief report on the work of the Institute of Andean research, 1941-1942 / by Wm. Duncan Strong

Author:
Strong, William Duncan 1899-1962  Search this
Subject:
Institute of Andean Research (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
v, 46 p.: ill., map ; 24 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Latin America
Andes
Date:
1943
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
F1409.5 .S924 1943
F1409.5.S924 1943
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_444350

MS 4302 Journal of William D. Strong's expedition to Honduras

Collector:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
128 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1936
Scope and Contents:
Covers expedition to Honduras- original manuscript, and two typed copies- one 63 pages, and one 65 pages.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4302
Topic:
Diaries -- Strong, William D. Dr.  Search this
Honduras  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4302, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4302
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4302

MS 4261 Photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California

Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
90 Items (snapshots )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
April, 1934
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4261
Related Materials:
Smithsonian Exp. and Field Work for 1934, pages 69-72.
Topic:
Sisquoc River -- Santa Barbara Mountains -- California -- Archeology -- Pictographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Manuscript 4261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4261
See more items in:
MS 4261 Photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4261

Photographs of expedition personnel

Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Names:
James, J.G.  Search this
Strong, Jean  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Walker, Edwin F.  Search this
Walker, Winslow M. (Winslow Metcalf), 1903-1996  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
4 Photographs
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Includes: 1. Group photo Left to right: Mr. [J.G.] James; W.M.W[alker]; E.F.Walker; W.D.Strong; Mrs. [Jean] Strong. 2. Group photos left to right; Mr. [J.G.] James; W.M. W[alker]; E.F. W[alker]; [W.R.] Wedel; Mrs. Strong. 3. M.W. and E.F. Walker on horseback. (Plus negative). 4. Jean Strong on horseback.
Biographical / Historical:
Photographs made on a survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California, April, 1934, in 8 envelopes, as follows:
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4261(1)
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4261 Photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4261-ref1

Photographs of expedition en route from Salisbury Canyon to Sisquoc valley; of expedition camp on South Fork, Sisquoc R.; and of scenery in Sisquoc valley

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
15 Photographs
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4261 (2)
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4261 Photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4261-ref2

Photographs of scenery in the "Hurricane Deck country, beyond Sisquoc Valley

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
10 Photographs
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4261 (3)
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4261 Photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4261-ref3

Scenes from Lyonʹs Canyon area

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
6 Prints
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4261 (4)
Topic:
Lyon's Canyon (California)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4261 Photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4261-ref4

Village site views

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
9 Prints
Culture:
Chumash -- village sites  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Includes: Salisbury Portero. Sisquoc village site.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4261 (5)
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4261 Photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4261-ref5

Rock shelter site views

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
15 Prints
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Includes: Gopher Snake rock shelter, at head of Manzano Canyon. Keyhole rock at Rattlesnake Springs Rock shelter. Rock shelter at Pine corral, Montgomery Potrero. Rock shelters on trail up Salisbury Canyon. Storage cists in rocks, unidentified location.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4261 (6)
Topic:
Santa Barbara Mountains -- California -- Archeology -- rock shelters  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4261 Photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4261-ref6

Views of cave sites and photographs of pictographs

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
12 Prints
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Includes: Wizards Cave view. Pictographs from Wizards Cave. Sisquoc Cave views. Pictographs from Sisquoc cave.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4261 (7)
Topic:
Santa Barbara Mountains -- California -- Archeology -- Pictographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4261 Photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4261-ref7

Artifacts

Collection Creator:
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Extent:
9 Prints
Type:
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Includes: Mortar holes and acorn mulling pits, Salisbury Potrero site. 4 prints. Stone artifacts in situ (only 1 in situ shot) and taken from Sisquoc Village site (4 photos). 5 prints. Stone mortar and pestle, Gopher Snake rock shelter. 1 print.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4261 (8)
Topic:
Mortar holes  Search this
Acorn -- mulling pits  Search this
Mortar and pestle  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4261, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4261 Photographs made on a site survey in the Santa Barbara Mountains, adjacent to the Sisquoc River, California
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4261-ref8

Comments on H.L. Alexander's review of The Ojibwa Woman

Collection Correspondent:
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Wallis, Ruth Sawtell, 1895-1978  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Lopez, Salvador  Search this
Little, Kenneth  Search this
Wilson, Maggie  Search this
Whitecloud, Thomas St. Germain  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Hellman, Ellen  Search this
Haugen, Einar  Search this
Gough, Kathleen  Search this
Lewis, Oscar  Search this
Kaberry, Phyllis Mary, 1910-  Search this
Imes, Elmer Samuel, 1883-1941  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Steyn, Anna F.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Sparta, Francisco  Search this
Rubin, Joan  Search this
Rubin, Vera  Search this
Rodnick, David  Search this
Rogers, Edward S.  Search this
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980  Search this
Roberts, Robert W.  Search this
Ramo, Arthur  Search this
Richards, Audrey  Search this
Preston, Richard J.  Search this
Verger, Pierre  Search this
Vennum, Thomas  Search this
Topash, Mary  Search this
Topash, Joe  Search this
Teskey, Lynn  Search this
Taylor, Beryl  Search this
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Quain, Buell H. (Buell Halvor), 1912-1939  Search this
Dunning, William  Search this
Douglas, William A.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Edmondson, Munro S.  Search this
Black, Mary B.  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Domengeaux, James  Search this
Feldman, Albert G.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Gacs, Ute  Search this
Franklin, John Hope  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Erickson, Vincent O.  Search this
Falk, Minna R.  Search this
Faitlovitch, V.  Search this
Alberto Torres, Heloisa  Search this
Buck, Pearl  Search this
Bruce, Harold E.  Search this
Borri, Rina  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baldus, Herbert  Search this
Barnouw, Victor  Search this
Bateson, Mary Catherine  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Malherbe, E.G.  Search this
Marks, Eli S.  Search this
Masha, Louise  Search this
Maslow, Will  Search this
Masquat, Joseph M.  Search this
Mayer, Kurt B.  Search this
McWilliams, Carey  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J.  Search this
Carneiro, Edison  Search this
Chilver, E. M.  Search this
Chilver, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
Colson, Elizabeth F.  Search this
Daveron, Alexander  Search this
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973  Search this
Officer, James E.  Search this
Odum, Howard W.  Search this
Park, Alice  Search this
Paredes, Anthony  Search this
Paton, Alan  Search this
Park, George  Search this
Prado, Idabel do  Search this
Peschel, Keewaydinoquay M.  Search this
Merwe, Hendrik W. van der  Search this
Murphy, Robert Francis  Search this
Messing, Simon D.  Search this
Neumann, Anita  Search this
Nef, Evelyn Stefansson  Search this
Nocktonick, Louise  Search this
Neumann, Walter  Search this
Collection Creator:
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1975
Collection Restrictions:
The Ruth Landes papers are open for research. The nitrate negatives in this collection have been separated from the collection and stored offsite. Access to nitrate negatives is restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Ruth Landes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Ruth Landes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Ruth Landes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1991-04-ref1001

Comments on Morano, "Windigo psychosis"

Collection Correspondent:
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Wallis, Ruth Sawtell, 1895-1978  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Lopez, Salvador  Search this
Little, Kenneth  Search this
Wilson, Maggie  Search this
Whitecloud, Thomas St. Germain  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Hellman, Ellen  Search this
Haugen, Einar  Search this
Gough, Kathleen  Search this
Lewis, Oscar  Search this
Kaberry, Phyllis Mary, 1910-  Search this
Imes, Elmer Samuel, 1883-1941  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Steyn, Anna F.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Sparta, Francisco  Search this
Rubin, Joan  Search this
Rubin, Vera  Search this
Rodnick, David  Search this
Rogers, Edward S.  Search this
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980  Search this
Roberts, Robert W.  Search this
Ramo, Arthur  Search this
Richards, Audrey  Search this
Preston, Richard J.  Search this
Verger, Pierre  Search this
Vennum, Thomas  Search this
Topash, Mary  Search this
Topash, Joe  Search this
Teskey, Lynn  Search this
Taylor, Beryl  Search this
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Quain, Buell H. (Buell Halvor), 1912-1939  Search this
Dunning, William  Search this
Douglas, William A.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Edmondson, Munro S.  Search this
Black, Mary B.  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Domengeaux, James  Search this
Feldman, Albert G.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Gacs, Ute  Search this
Franklin, John Hope  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Erickson, Vincent O.  Search this
Falk, Minna R.  Search this
Faitlovitch, V.  Search this
Alberto Torres, Heloisa  Search this
Buck, Pearl  Search this
Bruce, Harold E.  Search this
Borri, Rina  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baldus, Herbert  Search this
Barnouw, Victor  Search this
Bateson, Mary Catherine  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Malherbe, E.G.  Search this
Marks, Eli S.  Search this
Masha, Louise  Search this
Maslow, Will  Search this
Masquat, Joseph M.  Search this
Mayer, Kurt B.  Search this
McWilliams, Carey  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J.  Search this
Carneiro, Edison  Search this
Chilver, E. M.  Search this
Chilver, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
Colson, Elizabeth F.  Search this
Daveron, Alexander  Search this
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973  Search this
Officer, James E.  Search this
Odum, Howard W.  Search this
Park, Alice  Search this
Paredes, Anthony  Search this
Paton, Alan  Search this
Park, George  Search this
Prado, Idabel do  Search this
Peschel, Keewaydinoquay M.  Search this
Merwe, Hendrik W. van der  Search this
Murphy, Robert Francis  Search this
Messing, Simon D.  Search this
Neumann, Anita  Search this
Nef, Evelyn Stefansson  Search this
Nocktonick, Louise  Search this
Neumann, Walter  Search this
Collection Creator:
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Container:
Box 47
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1982
Collection Restrictions:
The Ruth Landes papers are open for research. The nitrate negatives in this collection have been separated from the collection and stored offsite. Access to nitrate negatives is restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Ruth Landes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Ruth Landes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Ruth Landes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1991-04-ref1002

Comment on three articles concerning anthropological field work

Collection Correspondent:
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Wallis, Ruth Sawtell, 1895-1978  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Lopez, Salvador  Search this
Little, Kenneth  Search this
Wilson, Maggie  Search this
Whitecloud, Thomas St. Germain  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Hellman, Ellen  Search this
Haugen, Einar  Search this
Gough, Kathleen  Search this
Lewis, Oscar  Search this
Kaberry, Phyllis Mary, 1910-  Search this
Imes, Elmer Samuel, 1883-1941  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Steyn, Anna F.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Sparta, Francisco  Search this
Rubin, Joan  Search this
Rubin, Vera  Search this
Rodnick, David  Search this
Rogers, Edward S.  Search this
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980  Search this
Roberts, Robert W.  Search this
Ramo, Arthur  Search this
Richards, Audrey  Search this
Preston, Richard J.  Search this
Verger, Pierre  Search this
Vennum, Thomas  Search this
Topash, Mary  Search this
Topash, Joe  Search this
Teskey, Lynn  Search this
Taylor, Beryl  Search this
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Quain, Buell H. (Buell Halvor), 1912-1939  Search this
Dunning, William  Search this
Douglas, William A.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Edmondson, Munro S.  Search this
Black, Mary B.  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Domengeaux, James  Search this
Feldman, Albert G.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Gacs, Ute  Search this
Franklin, John Hope  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Erickson, Vincent O.  Search this
Falk, Minna R.  Search this
Faitlovitch, V.  Search this
Alberto Torres, Heloisa  Search this
Buck, Pearl  Search this
Bruce, Harold E.  Search this
Borri, Rina  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baldus, Herbert  Search this
Barnouw, Victor  Search this
Bateson, Mary Catherine  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Malherbe, E.G.  Search this
Marks, Eli S.  Search this
Masha, Louise  Search this
Maslow, Will  Search this
Masquat, Joseph M.  Search this
Mayer, Kurt B.  Search this
McWilliams, Carey  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J.  Search this
Carneiro, Edison  Search this
Chilver, E. M.  Search this
Chilver, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
Colson, Elizabeth F.  Search this
Daveron, Alexander  Search this
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973  Search this
Officer, James E.  Search this
Odum, Howard W.  Search this
Park, Alice  Search this
Paredes, Anthony  Search this
Paton, Alan  Search this
Park, George  Search this
Prado, Idabel do  Search this
Peschel, Keewaydinoquay M.  Search this
Merwe, Hendrik W. van der  Search this
Murphy, Robert Francis  Search this
Messing, Simon D.  Search this
Neumann, Anita  Search this
Nef, Evelyn Stefansson  Search this
Nocktonick, Louise  Search this
Neumann, Walter  Search this
Collection Creator:
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Container:
Box 48
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1972 November 29
Scope and Contents:
Article for Western Canadian Journal of Anthropology; comment on articles by Margaret Mead, Victor Goldkind, and Barbara J. Spronk
Collection Restrictions:
The Ruth Landes papers are open for research. The nitrate negatives in this collection have been separated from the collection and stored offsite. Access to nitrate negatives is restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Ruth Landes papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Ruth Landes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Ruth Landes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1991-04-ref1004

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