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Terrain Gallery records

Creator:
Terrain Gallery  Search this
Names:
American Federation of Arts  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Abeles, Sigmund, 1934-  Search this
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Bragar, Philip F., 1925-  Search this
Campbell, Lawrence  Search this
Hess, Thomas B.  Search this
Jacobs, Harold, 1932-  Search this
Koppelman, Chaim, 1920-2009  Search this
Koppelman, Chaim, 1920-2009 -- Photographs  Search this
Koppelman, Dorothy  Search this
Koppelman, Dorothy -- Photographs  Search this
Kramer, Hilton  Search this
Leiber, Gerson August, 1921-  Search this
Longo, Vincent, 1923-  Search this
Milton, Peter, 1930-  Search this
Nordness, Lee  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967 -- Photographs  Search this
Rush, Andrew  Search this
Siegel, Eli, 1902-  Search this
Stamos, Theodoros, 1922-1997  Search this
Ward, Lynd, 1905-1985  Search this
Wilson, Carrie  Search this
Interviewer:
Bourdon, David  Search this
Extent:
5.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Transcripts
Date:
circa 1950s-2005
bulk 1955-1985
Summary:
The records of the Terrain Gallery measure 5.3 linear feet and date from circa 1950s-2005, bulk 1955-1985. The bulk of the records consists of exhibition files that document over one hundred and forty exhibitions as well as the gallery's relationship with artists. The collection includes founding documents, correspondence, artists' files, writings and an interview, financial records, scrapbooks, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Terrain Gallery measure 5.3 linear feet and date from circa 1950s-2005, bulk 1955-1985. The bulk of the records consists of exhibition files that document over one hundred and forty exhibitions as well as the gallery's relationship with artists. The collection includes founding documents, correspondence, artists' files, writings and an interview, financial records, scrapbooks, and photographs.

Founding documents include statements of purpose, notes outlining plans for establishing a gallery, letters, and lists of expenses. Included are several versions of the gallery's manifesto "For the Union of Aesthetics and Ethics," drafted by founding members Martha Baird, Louis Dienes, Nat Herz, Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman, Sheldon Kranz, Barbara Lekberg, Nancy Starrels, and others.

Correspondence consists of letters between Dorothy Koppelman and artists, museums, and arts organizations. Subjects discussed are the scheduling of exhibitions and the gallery's lending of artwork to cultural institutions. Included are Dorothy's letters to art critics, including Dore Ashton, Thomas Hess, and Hilton Kramer seeking press coverage for the gallery's exhibitions. Among the additional frequent correspondents are Sigmund Abeles, American Federation of Arts, Philip Bragar, Lawrence Campbell, Museum of Modern Art (New York), Peter Milton, Lee Nordness, Andrew Rush, and Lynd Ward. Also found are scattered letters from Chaim Koppelman, Eli Siegel, and Theodoros Stamos.

Artists' files document approximately seventy artists and include curriculum vitae, letters, and scattered materials, e.g., exhibition brochures and invitations. Exhibition files provide an overview of the gallery's dealings with artists, museums, and the press, with the bulk of the material dating from 1955-1985. Materials include biographical information, correspondence, sales of artwork, printed material, photographs of exhibition installations and artwork.

Writings and an interview contain annotated typescripts and handwritten drafts on Aesthetic Realism by Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman and others. Included are several draft versions of David Bourdon's interview with Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman. The Koppelmans discuss the influence of Aesthetic Realism in their personal and professional lives as well as the critical response by the press and others to Aesthetic Realism's place in art history.

Financial and legal records consist of ledgers, financial reports, sales and loans, and consignment receipts, with the majority of the records dating from 1955-1983; scattered legal materials document the incorporation of the Terrain Gallery with the Aesthetic Realism Foundation.

Five scrapbooks contain a variety of exhibition materials: letters, statements about the gallery, lists, announcements, and printed material. Two of the five scrapbooks chronicle the gallery's early exhibitions from 1955 through 1960. The other scrapbooks document three exhibitions held at the Terrain Gallery.

Photographs are of Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman, Harold Jacobs, Gerson Leiber, Vincent Longo, Ad Reinhardt, and others. There are a few photographs of artwork by Michael Ponce de Leon and Edith Schloss.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series:

Series 1: Founding Documents, 1953-1966 (Box 1; 0.1 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1950s-1981 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Artists' Files, circa 1950s-2001 (Box 1; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, circa 1950s-2005 (Boxes 1-4, 6; 3.2 linear feet)

Series 5: Writings and Interview, 1955-1974 (Boxes 4-5; 0.2 linear feet)

Series 6: Financial and Legal Records, 1955-1984 (Box 5; 0.8 linear feet)

Series 7: Scrapbooks, 1955-2000 (Boxes 5, 6; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, 1957-circa 1980s (Box 5; 0.1 linear feet)
Historical Note:
The Terrain Gallery is an art gallery in New York, N.Y., established in 1955 by Dorothy Koppelman (1920-) and informed by the guiding philosophy of Eli Siegel's Aesthetic Realism. The Terrain has as its motto as stated by Siegel, "In reality opposites are one; art shows this" and also gave rise to the Aesthetic Realism Foundation, a not-for-profit educational foundation."

In 1954, Dorothy Koppelman (1920-) and her husband artist Chaim Koppelman (1920-2009) formed a partnership with colleagues—artists, writers, photographers—to establish the Terrain Gallery. The gallery's first home was at 20 West 16th Street in New York City, and then moved to 39 Grove Street, New York, N.Y. from 1963- 1973; in 1973, the gallery moved to its present address at 141 Greene Street. Simultaneously, the Terrain Gallery gave rise to the Aesthetic Realism Foundation, a not-for-profit educational foundation. Terrain Gallery continues to give exhibitions and presentations based on Eli Siegel's statement: "All beauty is a making one of opposites, and the making one of opposites is what we are going after in ourselves."

The Terrain has featured paintings, sculptures, watercolors, and graphics, as well as photographic exhibitions, which have shown the work of both younger and established artists. Representative art photographers have included Ralph Hattersley, David Bernstein, Louis Dienes, Nat Herz, Lou Bernstein, Andre Kertesz, Steve Poleskie, Len Bernstein, and Harvey Spears. Every exhibition has included comment by artists and critics about how opposites are one in the technique and form of the works of art on view. Chaim Koppelman, for many years, headed the gallery's Print Division; printmakers such as Will Barnet, Leonard Baskin, Robert Conover, Edmond Casarella, Vincent Longo, and Nicholas Krushenick were frequent exhibitors. Though the Terrain does not maintain a stable of artists, the gallery has represented many well-known artists, including Richard Anuszkiewicz, Robert Blackburn, Lois Dodd, William King, Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman, Roy Lichtenstein, Harold Krisel, Larry Rivers, Clare Romano, and Arnold Schmidt.

Beginning in 1955 with a series of talks by the Seurat Art Club, the gallery has held lectures, seminars, and dramatic presentations that are open to artists, scholars, and the general public. As part of its educational outreach, the Terrain Gallery publishes catalogs, broadsides, announcements, and monographs. Eli Siegel's seminal fifteen questions, "Is Beauty the Making One of Opposites?" was published in Terrain Gallery's opening announcement, February 26, 1955, and subsequently reprinted in The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, and elsewhere.

Bennett Schiff, art critic for a major New York newspaper, wrote in June, 1957, "There probably hasn't been a gallery before this like the Terrain, which devotes itself to the integration of art with all of living according to an esthetic principle which is part of an entire, encompassing philosophic theory…Aesthetic Realism: 'The art of liking oneself through seeing the world, art, and oneself as the aesthetic oneness of opposites'…the theory developed by Eli Siegel….It is a building, positive vision."

In 1972, the Terrain Gallery appointed Carrie Wilson to serve as co-director with Dorothy Koppelman. The following year, the Terrain became part of the Aesthetic Realism Foundation which includes in its curriculum courses in the visual arts. The Terrain Gallery continues to hold exhibitions and presentations based on the principles of Aesthetic Realism. Chaim Koppelman died in 2009 in New York City. Dorothy Koppelman (1920-) is a consultant on the faculty of the Aesthetic Realism Foundation, and serves as one of the gallery's coordinators with Carrie Wilson, Marcia Rackow, Nancy Huntting, Dale Laurin, Donita Ellison, and Dan McClung.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is the Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman papers, circa 1930s-2006, bulk 1942-2005.
Provenance:
The Terrain Gallery records were donated by Chaim and Dorothy Koppelman in 2006.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Terrain Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Aesthetic Realism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Transcripts
Citation:
The Terrain Gallery records, circa 1950s-2005, bulk 1955-1985. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.terrgall
See more items in:
Terrain Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-terrgall
Additional Online Media:

Skin & Bones - Animal Life: Swordfish

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2015-01-12T18:16:03.000Z
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianNMNH
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianNMNH
Data Source:
National Museum of Natural History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Q_D2ZMqmgMQ

Skin & Bones - Animal Life: Anhinga (new version)

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2016-04-11T14:57:01.000Z
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianNMNH
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianNMNH
Data Source:
National Museum of Natural History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_puK5Tx4NRyE

How to Spawn a Sea Urchin

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-09-06T14:11:06.000Z
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
Youtube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
See more by:
collinlabpanama
YouTube Channel:
collinlabpanama
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_EwFbicPFwis

Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Collector:
L. Spear  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
Pacific Ocean  Search this
Weight - Whole Bird:
43 g
Preparation:
Skeleton: Whole
Sex:
Female
Stage:
Adult
Place:
Station #4, Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
11 Apr 1991
Common name:
Leach's Storm-Petrel
Taxonomy:
Animalia, Chordata, Vertebrata, Aves, Procellariiformes, Hydrobatidae
Published Name:
Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Accession Number:
000000
Other Numbers:
Field Number : RE-9130
USNM Number:
614217
See more items in:
Vertebrate Zoology
Birds
Data Source:
NMNH - Vertebrate Zoology - Birds Division
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhvz_4273190

Gymnorhamphichthys bogardusae

Artist:
Alexis Rockman, born New York City 1962  Search this
Medium:
oil on wood
Dimensions:
overall: 84 × 72 in. (213.4 × 182.9 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
2001
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of William and Maria Spears
Object number:
2019.58
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2019.58

Gum Holder

Maker:
Peggy Company  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 1 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in x 7/8 in x 3.2 cm; 3.81 cm x 3.175 cm x 2.2225 cm x 1 1/4 in
Object Name:
Chewing Gum Container
Place made:
United States: Ohio, Cincinnati
Date made:
1898
Subject:
Costume  Search this
ID Number:
MC.333749
Catalog number:
333749
Accession number:
303687
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_847839
Additional Online Media:

Andiron

Physical Description:
brass (upright, legs material)
iron, wrought (billet bar, internal rod material)
Measurements:
overall: 20 1/4 in x 8 7/8 in x 16 3/8 in; 51.435 cm x 22.5425 cm x 41.5925 cm
Object Name:
andiron
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
1790-1815
ID Number:
DL.68.0012B
Catalog number:
68.0012B
Accession number:
275671
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_303975
Additional Online Media:

Asparagus Tongs

Physical Description:
silver (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 2 in x 4 3/4 in x 2 1/2 in; 5.08 cm x 12.065 cm x 6.35 cm
Object Name:
tongs, asparagus
Place made:
France: Île-de-France, Paris
Place used:
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Date made:
20th century
Credit Line:
Anonymous Gift
ID Number:
DL.63.0942
Catalog number:
63.0942
Accession number:
247785
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_301169
Additional Online Media:

Snuffers

Physical Description:
silver plate (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 5/8 in x 7 in x 2 3/8 in; 4.1275 cm x 17.78 cm x 6.0325 cm
Object Name:
snuffers
Place made:
United Kingdom: England, Sheffield, Sheffield
Place used:
United States: Connecticut, Bridgeport
Date made:
mid 19th century
1860 - 1910
Credit Line:
Gift of Miss Helen P. Mulliken
ID Number:
DL.60.0975A
Catalog number:
60.0975A
Accession number:
229362
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_306495

Andiron

Physical Description:
iron, wrought (upright, billet bar material)
brass (finial material)
Measurements:
overall: 21 1/2 in x 10 1/8 in x 15 3/4 in; 54.61 cm x 25.7175 cm x 40.005 cm
Object Name:
andiron
Place made:
United States
United Kingdom: England
Date made:
1785-1825
Credit Line:
Gift of Dr. & Mrs. Arthur M. Greenwood
ID Number:
DL.388202B
Catalog number:
388202B
Accession number:
182022
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1458784
Additional Online Media:

Andiron

Physical Description:
iron, wrought (upright, billet bar material)
brass (finial material)
Measurements:
overall: 21 3/8 in x 10 1/4 in x 13 1/2 in; 54.2925 cm x 26.035 cm x 34.29 cm
Object Name:
Andiron
andiron
Place made:
United States
United Kingdom: England
Date made:
1785-1825
Credit Line:
Gift of Dr. & Mrs. Arthur M. Greenwood
ID Number:
DL.388202A
Catalog number:
388202A
Accession number:
182022
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_303744
Additional Online Media:

Spear Head, Fishing

Physical Description:
metal, iron (overall material)
hand-wrought (overall production method/technique)
stamped (overall production method/technique)
Measurements:
overall: 10 1/2 in x 3 1/4 in x 5/8 in; 26.67 cm x 8.255 cm x 1.5875 cm
Object Name:
Spear Head, Fishing
Place made:
Mexico
Location where used:
Mexico
ID Number:
CL.317208
Catalog number:
317208
317208
Accession number:
67414
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Ethnic
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_658165

Whale Lance

Physical Description:
metal, iron (spear material)
wood (pole material)
Measurements:
spear: 32 7/8 in; x 83.5025 cm
pole: 48 in; x 121.92 cm
overall: 80 in; x 203.2 cm
Object Name:
Lance, Whale
Place made:
United States: Massachusetts, New Bedford
Subject:
Whaling  Search this
Credit Line:
J. H. Thomson
ID Number:
AG.025006
Catalog number:
025006
Accession number:
045474
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Fisheries
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1316240

spear point

Physical Description:
metal, bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 5/8 in x 1 1/4 in x 1/8 in; 19.3675 cm x 3.175 cm x .3175 cm
Object Name:
Spear Point
ID Number:
AF.A-23.14
Accession number:
1980.0399
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_467996
Additional Online Media:

spear point

Physical Description:
metal, bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 11 in x 1 7/8 in x 1/4 in; 27.94 cm x 4.7625 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
Spear Point
ID Number:
AF.A-23.20
Accession number:
1980.0399
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_468000

spear point

Physical Description:
metal, bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 10 1/2 in x 1 7/8 in x 1/4 in; 26.67 cm x 4.7625 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
Spear Point
ID Number:
AF.A-23.08
Accession number:
1980.0399
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_468004

spear point

Physical Description:
metal, bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 7 3/4 in x 1 1/4 in x 1/2 in; 19.685 cm x 3.175 cm x 1.27 cm
Object Name:
Spear Point
ID Number:
AF.A-23.22
Accession number:
1980.0399
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_468005
Additional Online Media:

spear point

Physical Description:
metal, bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9 3/4 in x 1 3/4 in x 1/4 in; 24.765 cm x 4.445 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
Spear Point
ID Number:
AF.A-23.19
Accession number:
1980.0399
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_468006

spear point

Physical Description:
metal, bronze (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 14 1/4 in x 1 1/2 in x 1/4 in; 36.195 cm x 3.81 cm x .635 cm
Object Name:
Spear Point
ID Number:
AF.A-23.10
Accession number:
1980.0399
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, Military
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_468008
Additional Online Media:

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