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Historical and statistical information respecting the history, condition, and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States : collected and prepared under the direction of the Bureau of Indian Affairs per act of Congress of March 3rd, 1847 / by Henry R. Schoolcraft ; illustrated by S. Eastman ; published by authority of Congress

Title:
Ethnological researches respecting the red man of America
Information respecting the history, condition, and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States
History of the Indian tribes of the United states : their present condition and prospects for the Indian tribes of the United States
Author:
Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe 1793-1864  Search this
United States Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Ill:
Jones, Alfred 1819-1900  Search this
Eastman, Seth 1808-1875  Search this
Newsam, Albert 1809-1864  Search this
Gibbs, George 1815-1873  Search this
Engraver:
Wagstaff, Charles Edward 1808-1850  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Brantz, Lewis  Search this
McRae, John C.  Search this
Williams, W (Wellington)  Search this
Illman & Sons  Search this
P.S. Duval & Son  Search this
Former owner:
Allen, Charles DSI  Search this
Houston, George S. DSI  Search this
Edie, J. R (John Rufus) b. 1870 DSI  Search this
Doerner, Julius DSI  Search this
University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign campus) Library DSI  Search this
Worcester Society of Antiquity (Worcester, Mass.) DSI  Search this
Army Medical Library (U.S.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
6 v., plates (some folded) : ill. (some col.), ports., maps ; 33 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Date:
1851
1857
1851-1857
Call number:
E77 .S37 1851
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_131145

James D. Smillie and Smillie family papers

Creator:
Smillie Family  Search this
Names:
Bierstadt, Albert, 1830-1902  Search this
Church, Frederick S. (Frederick Stuart), 1842-1924  Search this
Colman, Samuel, 1832-1920  Search this
Hart, Charles Henry, 1847-1918  Search this
Johnson, Eastman, 1824-1906  Search this
Smillie, Catherine Van Valkenburg  Search this
Smillie, George H. (George Henry), 1840-1921  Search this
Smillie, James David, 1833-1909  Search this
Smillie, James, 1807-1885  Search this
Smillie, Nellie Sheldon Jacobs, 1854-1926  Search this
Tait, A.T.  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Etchings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1853-1957
Summary:
The James D. Smillie and Smillie family papers measure 5.6 linear feet and date from 1853 to 1957. The collection consists of the papers of four members of the Smillie family including James Smillie, his sons James David and George Henry Smillie, and George's wife, Helen 'Nellie' Jacobs Smillie. The majority of the papers are those of James D. Smillie, comprised of correspondence, forty-five daily diaries, a scrapbook, printed materials, and one etching. The papers of James Smillie consist of biographical materials and writings. The George Smillie papers include biographical materials, scattered correspondence, a scrapbook, printed materials, and photographs. The Helen Jacobs Smillie papers include corrrespondence and photographs. Also found are scattered materials relating to other family members, mostly the children of Helen Jacobs and George Smillie.
Scope and Content Note:
The James D. Smillie and Smillie family papers measure 5.6 linear feet and date from 1853 to 1957. The collection consists of the papers of four members of the Smillie family including James Smillie, his sons James David and George Henry Smillie, and George's wife, Helen 'Nellie' Jacobs Smillie. The majority of the papers are those of James D. Smillie, comprised of correspondence, forty-five daily diaries, a scrapbook, printed materials, and one etching. The papers of James Smillie consist of biographical materials and writings. The George Smillie papers include biographical materials, scattered correspondence, a scrapbook, printed materials, and photographs. The Helen Jacobs Smillie papers include correspondence and photographs. Also found are scattered materials relating to other family members, mostly the children of Helen Jacobs and George Smillie.

James David Smillie's papers consist of correspondence, personal business records, forty-five diaries, a scrapbook, and printed material. Correspondence is mostly professional in nature and includes letters from Albert Bierstadt, Frederick Stuart Church, Samuel Colman, Charles Henry Hart, Eastman Johnson, James Smillie, and A. T. Tait. Forty-five volumes of detailed daily diaries dating from 1865 until 1909 include entries about his work, but are exceedingly rich in references to over 200 artists with which Smillie was associated. Additionally, there are numerous loose documents, notes, and some photographs that were found tucked within the diaries. This finding aid includes a list of named artists referenced in the diaries along with the exact date of the notation. James D. Smillie's papers also include an original etching entitled Up the Hill.

James Smillie papers are scattered and include manuscript and draft copies of his published autobiography, A Pilgrimage, and memorabilia from his 50th wedding anniversary to Catherine Van Valkenburg Smillie.

George Henry Smillie papers contain biographical materials, scattered correspondence, a scrapbook of clippings, printed materials, and photographs. There is a certificate from the National Academy of Design dating from 1883 and photographs of Smillie, Smillie in his studio, and his family.

Helen Jacobs Smillie papers consist of family correspondence from her husband and parents, and studio portrait photographs.

Scattered papers from other family members include correspondence, a list of works of art by the family, a photograph album from Sheldon Smillie, and a portrait of William Smillie.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: James D. Smillie papers, 1853-1917 (4.5 linear feet; Boxes 1-7)

Series 2: James Smillie papers, 1882 (0.2 linear feet; Box 5)

Series 3: George Henry Smillie papers, 1867-1920 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 5-6)

Series 4: Helen Jacobs Smillie papers, 1860-1910 (0.1 linear feet; Box 5)

Series 5: Other Smillie Family Members papers, circa 1880s-1957 (0.2 linear feet; Box 5)
Biographical Note:
James D. Smillie and the Smillie family members were active in New York City and the New England area as engravers and landscape painters during the nineteenth century. Members of the Smillie Family of artists include James Smillie (1807-1885), his sons James D. (1833-1909) and George Smillie (1854-1924), and George's wife Helen 'Nellie' Jacobs Smillie (1855-1926).

Born in Edinburgh, Scotland to David and Elizabeth Smillie, James Smillie immigrated to Quebec, Canada. James must have learned engraving from his father who worked with jewelry and silver. Upon his father's death in 1827, Smillie travelled to London and eventually to New York City, where he embarked on a career of creating engravings of paintings by other artists. By 1831, he had established his reputation primarily as an engraver of American landscape paintings. The portability of James Smillie's engravings helped to bring to the American public the grand landscapes by Albert Bierstadt, Thomas Cole, and Asher Durand. Smillie also worked for the American Banknote Company.

James Smillie married Catherine Van Valkenburg in 1832, and two of their sons, James David and George Henry also became artists. Elder son James D. assisted his father with engraving and later explored his own artistic talents in prints of the American landscape. Among his many subjects were the Sierra Nevada, Adirondack, Rocky, White, and Catskill Mountains. James D. Smillie was a founding member of the American Watercolor Society and served as its president from 1873 to 1879. Additionally, he was an early member of the New York Etching Club and the first meeting was held in his studio in 1877. James D. also wrote about art for various periodicals.

Like his older brother, George Henry Smillie learned engraving from his father, but turned to painting early in his career. By 1862, he had his own studio in New York City and exhibited with the National Academy of Design in 1864. George travelled throughout the United States sketching and painting landscapes inspired by Long Island, the Adirondack Mountains, the Rocky Mountains, and New England. Many of George's paintings of the American West were influenced by the Hudson River School. George married one of his brother's pupils, Helen Sheldon Jacobs.

Helen Jacobs Smillie, known as Nellie, was born in New York City to Samuel and Helen Jacobs. She received art instruction at Cooper Union and the National Academy of Design and was a pupil of James D. Smillie and J. O. Eaton. She married George Smillie in 1881, with whom she had three sons, Sheldon, Charles, and Gordon. Nellie was a member of the American Watercolor Society along with her husband and brother-in-law, and painted in the Hudson River School style.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is the Brucia Witthoft research material on James Smillie and the Smillie family, 1830- 1999. The National Gallery of Canada holds the James D. Smillie Papers.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds materials lent for microfilming (reels 3766 and 3829) including personal photographs, photos of Smille's house in Montrose, Pennsylvania, and a photocopy of a journal. Lent material was returned to the lenders and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
James Smillie, David Smillie, and Barbara Smillie Curtis donated the Smillie Family papers to the Archives of American Art in several installments between 1978 and 1990. James Smille lent photographs for microfilming in 1986.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The James D. Smillie and Smillie family papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art, Modern -- 19th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Engraving -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Engravers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Etchings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
James D. Smillie and Smillie family papers, 1853-1957. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.smilsmil
See more items in:
James D. Smillie and Smillie family papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smilsmil
Additional Online Media:

Green-Wood illustrated, in highly finished line engraving, from drawings taken on the spot by James Smillie / with descriptive notices by Nehemiah Cleaveland

Title:
Green-wood in 1846
Author:
Cleaveland, N (Nehemiah) 1796-1877  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Engraver:
Lawrence, William S.  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Rolph, John A. 1799-1862  Search this
Hanks, Owen G. 1819 or 1820-1863  Search this
Dunnel, Elbridge Gerry  Search this
Hinshelwood, Robert 1812-1879  Search this
Rice & Buttre  Search this
Subject:
Green-Wood Cemetery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[4], 97, [7] pages, [19] leaves of plates : illustrations, map ; 28 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1847
Topic:
Cemeteries  Search this
Call number:
F129.B7 G756 1847
F129.B7G756X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_45980

Green-wood illustrated : in highly finished line engraving, from drawings taken on the spot, by James Smillie / with descriptive notices by Nehemiah Cleaveland

Author:
Cleaveland, N (Nehemiah) 1796-1877  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Subject:
Greenwood Cemetery (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[4], viii, 93, [1] p., [21] leaves of plates : ill., map ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1847
[c1847]
Topic:
Cemeteries  Search this
Call number:
F129.B7G756X 1847
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_430918

Green-wood illustrated : in highly finished line engraving, from drawings taken on the spot, by James Smillie / with descriptive notices by Nehemiah Cleaveland

Title:
Greenwood illustrated
Author:
Cleaveland, N (Nehemiah) 1796-1877  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Subject:
Greenwood Cemetery (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[4], viii, 93, [1] p., [21] leaves of plates : ill., map ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1847
C1847
Topic:
Cemeteries  Search this
Call number:
F129.B7 G756X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_482971

Mount Auburn illustrated : in highly finished line engraving, from drawings taken on the spot / by James Smillie ; with descriptive notices by Cornelia W. Walter

Author:
Walter, Cornelia W  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Subject:
Greenwood Cemetery (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[2], 119, [1] p., [24] leaves of plates : ill., map ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Massachusetts
Cambridge
Mount Auburn Cemetery (Cambridge, Mass.)
Date:
1847
Topic:
Cemeteries  Search this
Call number:
F129.B7 G756X
F129.B7B756X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_482973

The American aboriginal port folio / by Mary H. Eastman ; illustrated by S. Eastman, U.S. Army

Title:
American aboriginal portfolio
Eastman's aboriginal portfolio
Author:
Eastman, Mary H (Mary Henderson) 1818-1887  Search this
Ill:
Eastman, Seth 1808-1875  Search this
Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe 1793-1864  Search this
Engraver:
Burt, Charles Kennedy 1823-1892  Search this
McCrae, John C.  Search this
Jones, Alfred 1819-1900  Search this
Wagstaff, Charles Edward 1808-1850  Search this
Andrews, Joseph 1806-1873  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Tilman & Sons  Search this
Former owner:
Buffalo Public Library (Buffalo, N.Y.) DSI  Search this
Physical description:
84 p., [26] leaves of plates : ill., ports. ; 33 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Date:
1853
C1853
Topic:
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
E77 .E125 1853
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_485542

An engraver's pilgrimage : James Smillie in Quebec, 1821-1830 / Mary Macaulay Allodi, Rosemarie L. Tovell

Author:
Allodi, Mary 1929-  Search this
Tovell, Rosemarie L  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Royal Ontario Museum  Search this
Subject:
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Smiley family  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 139 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Place:
Québec (Province)
Date:
1989
Topic:
Engravers--Biography  Search this
Call number:
NE544.S64 A44 1989
NE544.S64A44 1989
N40.1.S6423A4
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_371862

Mount Auburn illustrated : in highly finished line engraving, from drawings taken on the spot / by James Smillie ; with descriptive notices by Cornelia W. Walter

Author:
Walter, Cornelia W  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Subject:
Mount Auburn Cemetery  Search this
Physical description:
119, [1] p., [21] leaves of plates : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1851
Call number:
F129.B7 G82 1851
F129.B7G82 1851
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_212836

Green-wood illustrated : in highly finished line engraving, from drawings taken on the spot / by James Smillie ; with descriptive notices by Nehemiah Cleaveland

Author:
Cleaveland, N (Nehemiah) 1796-1877  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Subject:
Greenwood Cemetery (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[4], viii, 93, [3] p., [21] leaves of plates : ill., map ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1851
[1851]
Topic:
Cemeteries  Search this
Call number:
F129.B7 G82 1851
F129.B7G82 1851
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_212838

Mount Auburn illustrated : in highly finished line engraving, from drawings taken on the spot / by James Smillie ; with descriptive notices by Cornelia W. Walter

Author:
Walter, Cornelia W  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Former owner:
Pratt, Walter Merriam 1880-  Search this
Subject:
Greenwood Cemetery (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[2], 119, [1] p., [24] leaves of plates : ill., map ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Massachusetts
Cambridge
Mount Auburn Cemetery (Cambridge, Mass.)
Date:
1847
Topic:
Cemeteries  Search this
Call number:
F74.C1 W23 1847
F74.C1W23 1847
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_262362

Mount Auburn illustrated. In highly-finished line engraving, from drawings taken on the spot, by James Smillie. With descriptive notices by Cornelia W. Walter

Author:
Walter, Cornelia W  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Physical description:
119 p. front. (map) 22 plates. 28cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mount Auburn Cemetery
Date:
1850
Call number:
F73.61 .W23
F73.61.W23
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_198732

Green-wood illustrated. In highly finished line engraving, from drawings taken on the spot, by James Smillie. With descriptive notices, by Nehemiah Cleaveland

Author:
Cleaveland, N (Nehemiah) 1796-1877  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Subject:
Greenwood Cemetery (Brooklyn, New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 93 p. plates. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1847
Topic:
Sepulchral monuments  Search this
Cemeteries  Search this
Call number:
F129.B7 G756X
F129.B7G756X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_45979

The American landscape, no. 1. : Containing the following views: Weehawken, Catskill Mountains, Fort Putnam, Delaware Water-Gap, Falls of the Sawkill, Winnipiseogee Lake. : Engraved from original and accurate drawings; executed from nature expressly for this work, and from well authenticated pictures; with historical and topographical illustrations

Title:
American landscape
Author:
Bryant, William Cullen 1794-1878  Search this
Publisher:
Bliss, Elam 1779-1848  Search this
Stereotyper:
Conner, James 1798-  Search this
Printer of plates:
Wade, E. active 1830  Search this
Illustrator:
Bennett, W. J (William James) 1787-1844  Search this
Durand, A. B (Asher Brown) 1796-1886  Search this
Weir, Robert Walter 1803-1889  Search this
Cole, Thomas 1801-1848  Search this
Engraver:
Durand, A. B (Asher Brown) 1796-1886  Search this
Smillie, James 1807-1885  Search this
Printer:
Sleight & Robinson  Search this
Physical description:
16 p., [6] leaves of plates : ill. ; 33 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Intaglio prints
Printed wrappers (Binding).)
Place:
United States
Atlantic States
Date:
1830
Call number:
E165 .A447 1830
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_910647

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