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Ernest Blumenschein papers

Creator:
Blumenschein, Ernest Leonard, 1874-1960  Search this
Names:
Committee on Public Information  Search this
National Academy of Design  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Salmagundi Club  Search this
Taos Society of Artists  Search this
Blumenschein, Helen G. (Helen Greene)  Search this
Blumenschein, Mary Greene  Search this
Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934  Search this
Glackens, William J., 1870-1938  Search this
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Meem, John Gaw, 1894-1983  Search this
Sharp, Joseph Henry, 1859-1953  Search this
Tarkington, Booth, 1869-1946  Search this
Ufer, Walter, 1876-1936  Search this
Extent:
2.1 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Writings
Photographs
Date:
1873-1964
Summary:
The papers of southwest painter and illustrator Ernest Blumenschein measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1873-1964. The collection documents Blumenschein's artistic career, his relationship with his wife and daughter, his love of the American southwest, and his involvement in the art community of Taos, New Mexico. Found are biographical materials, personal and professional correspondence, scattered personal business records, writings, a large amount of juvenilia artwork, and photographs of artwork.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of southwest painter and illustrator Ernest Blumenschein measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1873-1964. The collection documents Blumenschein's artistic career, his relationship with his wife and daughter, his love of the American southwest, and his involvement in the art community of Taos, New Mexico. Found are biographical materials, personal and professional correspondence, scattered personal business records, writings, a large amount of juvenilia artwork, and photographs of artwork.

Biographical materials include biographical sketches, school notebooks and curriculum vita, family genealogical materials and other family records, certificates, diplomas, and materials commemorating Blumenschein's election to the National Academy of Design. Also found are scattered ephemera items, such as membership cards, tickets, and travel materials.

Correspondence consists primarily of letters between Blumenschein, his wife Mary, and his daughter Helen. These discuss Blumeschein's career, domestic life, financial matters, Helen's schooling, and travel. Blumenschein's activities during World War I are documented by correspondence with the Committee of Public Information, the Salmagundi Club, and with Aide de Camps of army bases. There are a few letters from other artists and writers including William Glackens, Walt Kuhn, Ward Lockwood, Booth Tarkington, and a long letter from Cass Gilbert.

Scattered personal business records consist of a guest list, a list of Blumenschein works in a private collection, a jury duty certificate, and a car payment record.

Writings include personal, critical, and creative writings. There are writings by Blumenschein about the founding of the Taos Society of Artists and the artistic community of Taos and his memoirs about his first trip to Taos. Additional writings include a satirical discussion of modern art, and essays about artists John Gaw Meem, Joseph Henry Sharp, and Walter Ufer, and discussions of select paintings. Blumenschein also wrote of his travels in Paris, Switzerland, and Pittsburgh, as well as about French churches and cemeteries. Creative writings explore the landscape, life and culture of the American southwest.

Artwork consists primarily of fourteen folders of Blumenschein's illustrations for "Tomfoolery," a handwritten and hand drawn magazine that Blumenschein contributed to in high school. His illustrations for "Tomfoolery" include portraits, caricatures, and sequential art. Also found is one folder of small sketches.

Printed materials about Blumenschein include clippings, exhibition announcements, and exhibition catalogs. There are also brochures related to the Taos Art Colony and a 1902 menu for a Salmagundi Club program/dinner Also found here is a 1915 signed menu from a National Academy of Design event signed by Gifford Beal, George Bellows, and Eugene Spiecher among others.

Photographs include two portraits of Blumenschein and a group portrait of National Academy of Design members that includes Blumenschein. There are also photographs of Blumeschein's artwork and installation views of Blumenschein exhibitions.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1873-1971 (Boxes 1, OV1; 17 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1891-1970 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1918-1950s (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 4: Writings, 1880s-1959 (Box 1-2; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 5: Artwork, 1888-1925 (Box 2; 0.25 linear feet)

Series 6: Printed Materials, 1891-1964 (Box 2, OV1; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, 1880s-1955 (Box 2, OV1; 0.25 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Ernest Blumenschein was born on May 26th, 1874 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He moved to Dayton, Ohio at the age of four, the same year his mother died. His father was a professional musician and composer, who chiefly made his living as a conductor of large choruses. During high school he contributed illustrations to "Tomfoolery," a handwritten and hand drawn weekly humor magazine. Besides his artistic talents, Ernest Blumenschein was a skilled violin player, and was awarded a scholarship to the Cincinnati College of Music. In 1892, Blumenschein auditioned for the New York National Conservatory, and was chosen by Anton Dvorak for the role of first violin. With the income from playing violin, Blumenschein attended classes at the Art Students League.

In 1892, Ernest Blumenschein first traveled to Paris to study at the Académie Julian. While in Paris, he met Joseph Henry Sharp who inspired Blumenschein with his stories and sketches of the American southwest, particularly the Taos area. He returned to American in 1896, rented a studio with another Académie Julian student Bert Phillips, and began a successful career as a commercial illustrator working for magazines such as Century, Harper's, Scribner's, and McClure's.

Blumenschein first visited Taos in the fall of 1898 while traveling en route to Mexico on a sketching trip with Phillips. A wheel on the wagon carrying their belongings broke and they took it to the nearest blacksmith in the area, which was in Taos. Upon arriving at Taos, Blumenschein was struck by the "the superb beauty and serenity" of the landscape and was "stirred deeply." The town made a strong impact on both Blumenschein and Phillips, but while Phillips decided to stay, Blumenschein returned to New York for a short while and continued working as an illustrator. The following year Blumenschein decided to concentrate on painting, and re-enrolled at the Académie Julian while supporting himself with his commercial work. In 1903, he met Mary Greene, an American painter living in Paris and they married in 1905, and began sharing a Paris studio. Their daughter and only child, Helen, was born in November of 1909.

While Ernest Blumenschein continued to study in Paris, he also kept working as an illustrator, supporting himself easily. His illustration work was much in demand by American magazines and book publishers. Blumenschein was commissioned to illustrate Jack London's first book, Love of Life, in 1904. He also worked with other famous writers such as Stephen Crane, Willa Cather, and Joseph Conrad.

Upon returning to New York after the birth of their daughter, Ernest and Mary taught at the Pratt Institute. Ernest spent every summer in Taos. In 1919, the family moved permanently to Taos, with Helen returning to New York for school. It was during this time that Blumenschein co-founded the Taos Society of Artists and became part of the Taos art colony. For four decades, Blumenschein created paintings of the landscape, local inhabitants, the Taos Pueblo culture, and city skylines. He won numerous awards for his work and exhibited widely. His work was responsible for changing perceptions about the native culture and peoples of the area - the Navajo and Pueblo Indians. Blumenschein also indulged his love of the outdoors and sports. He avidly camped, played tennis, and was part of the Taos amateur baseball team. His artistic output in the 1950s was hampered by his declining health, and the death of Mary in 1958. Blumenschein died in June of 1960, and his ashes are repositioned at the Taos Pueblo Reservation.
Related Material:
Found in the Archives of American Art is a small collection of "Ernest Blumenschein letters and transcripts", available on microfilm reel 3281, and consisting of eleven letters between Blumenschein and Thomas Gilcrease, a letter between Helen Blumenschein and Gilcrease, and the transcript of a 1958 radio interview with Blumenschein.

Additionally, the Fray Angélico Chávez History Library in Santa Fe, New Mexico holds papers related to Ernest Blumenschein, Mary Greene Blumenschein, and Helen Greene Blumenschein.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art by Helen Greene Blumenschein, Ernest Blumenschein's daughter, in 1971.
Restrictions:
Use of the original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Ernest Blumenschein papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
World War I, 1914-1918  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Taos  Search this
Illustrators -- New Mexico -- Taos  Search this
Taos School of Art  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Painting -- New Mexico -- Taos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Writings
Photographs
Citation:
Ernest Blumenschein papers, 1873-1964. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.blumerne
See more items in:
Ernest Blumenschein papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-blumerne
Additional Online Media:

William Henry Holmes artists' files

Creator:
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Washington Water Color Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Brooke, Richard Norris, 1847-1920  Search this
Closson, William Baxter Palmer, 1848-1926  Search this
Fraser, James Earle, 1876-1953  Search this
Johnston, Reuben Le Grand, 1850-1914  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932  Search this
Messer, Edmund Clarence, 1842-1919  Search this
Moran, Thomas, 1837-1926  Search this
Moser, James Henry, 1854-1913  Search this
Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962  Search this
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Ream, Vinnie, 1847-1914  Search this
Sharp, Joseph Henry, 1859-1953  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940  Search this
Weller, Carl F., 1853-1920  Search this
Weyl, Max, 1837-1914  Search this
Wiles, Irving Ramsay, 1861-1948  Search this
Zolnay, George Julian, 1862 or 1863-1949  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Sketches
Place:
Museum directors -- Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1879-1955
Summary:
The artists' files of William Henry Holmes, curator and director of the Smithsonian's National Collection of Fine Arts (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) in Washington, D.C., measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1879 to 1955. The artists' files consist mostly of correspondence, but also include a few photographs, artwork in the form of sketches, and printed material. There is also one file relating to Holmes' affiliation with the Washington Water Color Club.
Scope and Contents:
The artists' files of William Henry Holmes, curator and director of the Smithsonian's National Collection of Fine Arts (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) in Washington, D.C., measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1879 to 1955. The artists' files consist mostly of correspondence, but also include a few photographs, artwork in the form of sketches, and printed material. There is also one file relating to Holmes' affiliation with the Washington Water Color Club.

Notable artists represented in the files include R.N. Brooke, William B. P. Closson, James Earle Fraser, Vinnie Ream Hoxie, Reuben Le Grand Johnston, John LaFarge, Gari Melchers, Thomas Moran, Henry Moser, Hobart Nichols, Violet Oakley, Joseph Pennell, Joseph Henry Sharp, Mary Vaux Walcott, Carl F. Weller, Max Weyl, Irving R. Wiles and George Julian Zolnay.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 1 series.

Series 1: Artists' Files, 1879-1955 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)
Biographical / Historical:
William Henry Holmes (1846-1933) was a curator, museum director, artist, scientific illustrator, archaeologist, geologist, and anthropologist. He served in various positions in the Smithsonian Institution, and finally as director of the Smithsonian's National Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) from 1920-1932.

Holmes was born in Harrison County, Ohio in 1846. In 1870, he graduated from McNeely Normal School in Ohio and, after a short time of teaching at that school, moved to Washington, D.C. in 1871 to study art under Theodore Kaufmann. Thanks to his artistic skills, he was soon hired by Smithsonian paleontologist Francis B. Meek to do scientific drawings. In 1872, Holmes joined the geological survey of Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, as an artist and topographer of the survey of Yellowstone National Park and surrounding area, and other regions in the west. In 1879, Holmes went to work for the newly founded U.S. Geological Survey. There he worked as a geologist and chief of scientific illustration. In addition to art and geology, his interests and expertise expanded into archaeology and anthropology.

Holmes worked as chief curator at the Field Columbian Museum (now the Field Museum of Natural History) in Chicago before returning to the Smithsonian in 1897, where he served as curator of anthropology and chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1910, he became chairman of the Division of Anthropology. In 1920, Holmes became director of the Smithsonian Institution's National Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum), a position he held until 1932. William Henry Holmes died one year later.
Related Materials:
Collections about William Henry Holmes are also located at other Smithsonian Institution archival units, including the National Anthropological Archives and Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Provenance:
These files were transferred from the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American Art Library (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) to the Archives of American Art in two installments in 1981 and 1992.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The William Henry Holmes artists' files are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Curators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
William Henry Holmes artists' files, 1879-1955. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.holmwill
See more items in:
William Henry Holmes artists' files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-holmwill
Additional Online Media:

Joseph Henry Sharp papers, [ca. 1903]-1947

Creator:
Sharp, Joseph Henry, 1859-1953  Search this
Subject:
Gilcrease, Thomas  Search this
Cole, Philip C.  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10023
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212842
AAA_collcode_sharjose
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212842

Indian paintings / by Joseph Sharp

Author:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Kennedy Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Physical description:
17 p. : chiefly col. ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1976
Call number:
N40.1.S538 K3
N40.1.S538K3
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_228481

Council, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Control number:
IAP 61518689
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_100637

Indian Encampment, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Architecture--Other--Campsite  Search this
Landscape--River  Search this
Control number:
IAP 6151A590
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_102505

Medicine Man, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Portrait male  Search this
Control number:
IAP 6151A606
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_102521

Mountain Tapestry, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Landscape--Mountain  Search this
Control number:
IAP 6151A610
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_102525

Delphiniums, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Still Life--Flower--Larkspur  Search this
Control number:
IAP 62640948
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_115103

Bawling Deer and Son Black Deer, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Portrait group  Search this
Control number:
IAP 62641687
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_115840

Crucita, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Ethnic--Taos  Search this
Portrait female  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63000151
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_117997

Indian Encampment, Crow Reservation, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Ethnic--Crow  Search this
Architecture--Other--Campsite  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63000490
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_118334

Dawn Cloud, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Subject:
Dawn Cloud  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Portrait male  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63000958
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_118800

Indian Encampment, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Landscape--River  Search this
Architecture--Other--Campsite  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63001393
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_119233

Planning the Hunt, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63003534
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_121359

A Hunter, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Sotheby Parke Bernet New York New York
Date:
1891
Topic:
Animal  Search this
Control number:
IAP 63003981
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_121805

Wakiki Valley, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Barrett H. Willson 968 Portola Dr San Francisco California 94127
Topic:
Landscape--Tropic  Search this
Landscape--Hawaii  Search this
Control number:
IAP 71069139
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_145634

Moon of Falling Leaves, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Woolaroc Museum Route 3, Box 211 Bartlesville Oklahoma 74003
Topic:
Undetermined  Search this
Control number:
IAP 71480895
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_151388

Indian Chiefs, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Owner/Location:
Woolaroc Museum Route 3, Box 211 Bartlesville Oklahoma 74003
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Control number:
IAP 71480896
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_151389

Indian and Dog, (painting)

Painter:
Sharp, Joseph Henry 1859-1953  Search this
Medium:
Oil
Culture:
Indian  Search this
Type:
Paintings
Date:
1850-60
Topic:
Ethnic  Search this
Figure  Search this
Control number:
IAP 71481130
Data Source:
Art Inventories Catalog, Smithsonian American Art Museums
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_ari_151622

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