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Die Masken und Geheimbünde Afrikas

Author:
Frobenius, Leo 1873-1938  Search this
Physical description:
278 p. illus. ; 33 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
Africa
Date:
1898
Topic:
Secret societies  Search this
Masks, African  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
GN419.5 .F92 1898
GN419.5.F92 1898
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_369251

Storage house for men's secret society in Agbogo ward, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1951-1953
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from December 1951 to March 1953.
Original title reads, "Obiogo Maka storage house,Agbogo ward square, Mgbom Village, used for secret society and other men's storage materials." [Ottenberg field research notes, O Series,December 1951-March 1953].
"Ajaba is a roofless dressing house found in each common in villages belonging to the Itim subgroup of Afikpo. The house is used for changing into costumes for public plays and dances of the village secret society; sometimes storage houses belonging to the society are also found in the ward common." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
O-123/1951-1953

EEPA 2000-070111
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0111
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref619

Storage house for men's secret society in Elogo ward, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1951-1953
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from December 1951 to March 1953.
Original title reads, "Ekpe storage house for Elogo ward." [Ottenberg field research notes, O Series,December 1951-March 1953].
"Ajaba is a roofless dressing house found in each common in villages belonging to the Itim subgroup of Afikpo. The house is used for changing into costumes for public plays and dances of the village secret society; sometimes storage houses belonging to the secret society are also found in the ward common." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
O-138/1951-1953

EEPA 2000-070125
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0125
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref633

House of the priest of the men's secret society, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1951-1953
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from December 1951 to March 1953.
Original title reads, "House of the priest of the Mgbom Village men's secret society, with Ibini Okpabe shrine in front (looks like a post). It's derived from Arochukwu." [Ottenberg field research notes, O Series,December 1951-March 1953].
"Two basic forms of the secret society are found in afikpo. One, deriving from Edda Village-group, occurs in the Itim villages. The most important differentiating feature is the presence of in each of the Itim communities of a priest and an assistant priest who play important roles in directing the society's rituals and who have a special house in one of the ward commons, where their activities are concentrated. The priests are very sacred figures. They use and maintain the shrine house. They perform the rituals to open and close the secret society season. They see that the society's dressing houses are constructed at the beginning of the season and burned at its end. They prepare for and guide the various initiation ceremonies, and they assist in the planning and execution of the society's plays and dances." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
O-125/1951-1953

EEPA 2000-070113
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Shrines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0113
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref621

Men's secret society ajaba dressing house of Amozo ward, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1959-1960
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from September 1959 to December 1960.
Original title reads, "Boys' roofless dressing site for their masquerades, ajaba, near path to Mgbom yam barn, south of Amozo compound area. For use of compounds that side and for Ezi Akputa compound." [Ottenberg field research notes, September 1959-December 1960, Part I].
"Ajaba is a roofless dressing house found in each common in villages belonging to the Itim subgroup of Afikpo. The house is used for changing into costumes for public plays and dances of the village secret society." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
420/1959-1960

EEPA 2000-070633
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0633
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref1141

Men's secret society ajaba dressing house of Amozo ward, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1959-1960
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from September 1959 to December 1960.
Original title reads, "Boys' roofless dressing site for their masquerades, ajaba, near path to Mgbom yam barn, south of Amozo compound area. For use of compounds that side and for Ezi Akputa compound." [Ottenberg field research notes, September 1959-December 1960, Part I].
"Ajaba is a roofless dressing house found in each common in villages belonging to the Itim subgroup of Afikpo. The house is used for changing into costumes for public plays and dances of the village secret society." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
421/1959-1960

EEPA 2000-070634
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0634
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref1142

Men's secret society erecting ajaba dressing house of Amozo ward, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1959-1960
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from September 1959 to December 1960.
Original title reads, "Young adult and older boy men's society members building up and decorating the ajaba roofless high walled site where masqueraders will dress and undress during masquerade season, roughly October - March (dry season). Mgbom Village, each ward has its own ajaba. Amebo (Amozo ?) ward young age grades erecting the walls of the structure." [Ottenberg field research notes, September 1959-December 1960, Part I].
"Ajaba is a roofless dressing house found in each common in villages belonging to the Itim subgroup of Afikpo. The house is used for changing into costumes for public plays and dances of the village secret society." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
122/1959-1960

EEPA 2000-070344
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0344
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref852

Men's secret society erecting ajaba dressing house of Amozo ward, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1959-1960
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from September 1959 to December 1960.
Original title reads, "Young adult and older boy men's society members building up and decorating the ajaba roofless high walled site where masqueraders will dress and undress during masquerade season, roughly October - March (dry season). Mgbom Village, each ward has its own ajaba. Raising the akpatanko of front section of the Amebo (Amozo ?) ward ajaba." [Ottenberg field research notes, September 1959-December 1960, Part I].
"Ajaba is a roofless dressing house found in each common in villages belonging to the Itim subgroup of Afikpo. The house is used for changing into costumes for public plays and dances of the village secret society." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
124/1959-1960

EEPA 2000-070346
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0346
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref854

Frame structure of men's secret society ajaba dressing house of Elogo ward, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1959-1960
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads, "The secret society dressing house for masquerades, called ajaba at Elogo ward, Mgbom village. It is only the frame structure here, not complete." [Ottenberg field research notes, September 1959-December 1960, Part I].
"Ajaba is a roofless dressing house found in each common in villages belonging to the Itim subgroup of Afikpo. The house is used for changing into costumes for public plays and dances of the village secret society." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
594/1959-1960

EEPA 2000-070788
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from September 1959 to December 1960.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0788
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref1296

Men's secret society painting imoro sticks to be set in front of the ajaba dressing house of Amozo ward, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1959-1960
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from September 1959 to December 1960.
Original title reads, "Young adult and older boy men's society members building up and decorating the ajaba roofless high walled site where masqueraders will dress and undress during masquerade season, roughly October - March (dry season). Mgbom Village, each ward has its own ajaba. Painting the flat and long imoro sticks which will be set vertically, one next to the other, in front part of the ajaba, structure being erected. Amebo (Amozo ?) ward, Mgbom Village. Using chalk (nzu) and charcoal to paint." [Ottenberg field research notes, September 1959-December 1960, Part I].
"Ajaba is a roofless dressing house found in each common in villages belonging to the Itim subgroup of Afikpo. The house is used for changing into costumes for public plays and dances of the village secret society." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
125/1959-1960

EEPA 2000-070347
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0347
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref855

Notes on Butwa : an African secret society

Author:
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Ubutwa (Secret society)  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Namibia
Damaraland
Date:
1948
Topic:
Secret societies  Search this
Call number:
DT962 .N126
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1007901

[Loan to "Secret Society" exhibit]

Collection Creator:
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Container:
Box 397
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1989
Collection Restrictions:
Files containing Sturtevant's students' grades have been restricted, as have his students' and colleagues' grant and fellowships applications. Restricted files were separated and placed at the end of their respective series in boxes 87, 264, 322, 389-394, 435-436, 448, 468, and 483. For preservation reasons, his computer files are also restricted. Seminole sound recordings are restricted. Access to the William C. Sturtevant Papers requires an apointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
William C. Sturtevant papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
William C. Sturtevant papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2008-24-ref10690

Ajaba dressing house of Agbogo ward, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1951-1953
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from December 1951 to March 1953.
Original title reads, "Ajaba dressing house for men's secret society masquerades, but in skeleton form as it is the rainy season (udimini), and not used; no society masquerades then. At Agbogo ward square edge, Mgbom Village." [Ottenberg field research notes, O Series,December 1951-March 1953].
"Ajaba is a roofless dressing house found in each common in villages belonging to the Itim subgroup of Afikpo. The house is used for changing into costumes for public plays and dances of the village secret society." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
O-119/1951-1953

EEPA 2000-070107
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0107
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref615

Settlement along the edge of a small ridge, Achara Village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1951-1953
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from December 1951 to March 1953.
Original title reads, "Hill at Achara Village from the valley below." [Ottenberg field research notes, O Series, December 1951-March 1953].
"Mgbom is composed of three main wards, and three subvillages, each composed of a single ward. The three subvillages are in a nrth-south line along the edge of a small ridge about a mile from Agbogo, the nearest ward of the main village. Achara has its own secret society initiation bush, and owns the ancient leaders' masks for the secret society okunkpa plays in Mgbom." [Ottenberg S., 1971: Leadership and Authority in an African Society; the Afikpo Village-Group. University of Washington Press].
Local Numbers:
O-195/1951-1953

EEPA 2000-070168
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Natural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0168
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref676

Otero masquerade for the uninitiated boys at Ezi Ume compound, Mgbom Village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1959-1960
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from September 1959 to December 1960.
Original caption reads, "Uninitiated boys into men's secret society emulate adult otero masquerade by wearing their own to perform. Ezi Ume compound, Mgbom Village. Just play, chase girls. For initiated male doing otero they can punish wrongs, as if given soup to prepare for a title and do not do it or do it right they will come and flog you and tear down your home. Boys can be punished by adult otero as well." [Ottenberg field research notes, September 1959-December 1960, Part I].
"There are two classes of masquerades in which direct physical action plays an important role. One of these includes masks and costumes used for social control. The other is a sport contest. Otero, the second form of the masked costumes, is seen during the dry season on nonfarming days, aho and eke, and on feast days, such as Mbe and during the Njenji parade.The uninitiated boys' otero is somewhat similar to the secret society form, except that instead of a red hat and a net mask he wears a raffia headdress that completely covers the head and face." [ Ottenberg, 1975: Masked rituals of Afikpo, the context of an African art; Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1975].
Local Numbers:
313/1959-1960

EEPA 2000-070529
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Masks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0529
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref1037

Otero masquerade for the uninitiated boys at Ezi Ume compound, Mgbom Village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1959-1960
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from September 1959 to December 1960.
Original caption reads, "Uninitiated boys into men's secret society emulate adult otero masquerade by wearing their own to perform. Ezi Ume compound, Mgbom Village. Just play, chase girls. For initiated male doing otero they can punish wrongs, as if given soup to prepare for a title and do not do it or do it right they will come and flog you and tear down your home. Boys can be punished by adult otero as well." [Ottenberg field research notes, September 1959-December 1960, Part I].
"There are two classes of masquerades in which direct physical action plays an important role. One of these includes masks and costumes used for social control. The other is a sport contest. Otero, the second form of the masked costumes, is seen during the dry season on nonfarming days, aho and eke, and on feast days, such as Mbe and during the Njenji parade.The uninitiated boys' otero is somewhat similar to the secret society form, except that instead of a red hat and a net mask he wears a raffia headdress that completely covers the head and face." [ Ottenberg, 1975: Masked rituals of Afikpo, the context of an African art; Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1975].
Local Numbers:
314/1959-1960

EEPA 2000-070530
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Masks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0530
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref1038

Otero masquerade for the uninitiated boys at Ezi Ume compound, Mgbom Village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1959-1960
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from September 1959 to December 1960.
Original caption reads, "Uninitiated boys into men's secret society emulate adult otero masquerade by wearing their own to perform. Ezi Ume compound, Mgbom Village. Just play, chase girls. For initiated male doing otero they can punish wrongs, as if given soup to prepare for a title and do not do it or do it right they will come and flog you and tear down your home. Boys can be punished by adult otero as well." [Ottenberg field research notes, September 1959-December 1960, Part I].
"There are two classes of masquerades in which direct physical action plays an important role. One of these includes masks and costumes used for social control. The other is a sport contest. Otero, the second form of the masked costumes, is seen during the dry season on nonfarming days, aho and eke, and on feast days, such as Mbe and during the Njenji parade.The uninitiated boys' otero is somewhat similar to the secret society form, except that instead of a red hat and a net mask he wears a raffia headdress that completely covers the head and face." [ Ottenberg, 1975: Masked rituals of Afikpo, the context of an African art; Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1975].
Local Numbers:
315/1959-1960

EEPA 2000-070531
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Masks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0531
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref1039

Okumkpa masquerade play, Amorie village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1951-1953
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg while conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from December 1951 to March 1953.
Original title reads, "Okumkpa masquerade play, Amorie Village square. The masqueraders are from Amorie Village. The name of the mask is also the name for the entire dress. Igri or okonkpo mask in foreground, with beke (white man) mask at back left." [Ottenberg field research notes, O Series, December 1951-March 1953].
Publication title reads, "An igri mask, worn at the Amorie okumkpa in 1952."
"Okumpka, the most elaborate masquerade found at Afikpo Village-Group, is the most popular and well attended Afikpo masked ritual. It consists of a series of skits, songs, and dances presented by masked players in the main common of a village during of an afternoon or evening. The play is closely associated with the village secret society; all players are society members, and all wear wooden masks and costumes." [Ottenberg, 1975: Masked Rituals of Afikpo, the Context of an African Art; Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1975].
The photograph depicts Igri or okonkpo mask, foreground, and a beke (white man) mask, left rear. Igri is the mask's secret society name. Simon Ottenberg saw two Igri masks at the play at Amorie in 1952. Both dancers wore large, floppy, wide-brimmed raffia hats and mat shirts, dressing somewhat as okumkpa leaders do, although they were not the play's directors.
Local Numbers:
O-11/1951-1953

EEPA 2000-070010
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Masks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0010
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref518

Okumkpa masquerade play, Amuro village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Ottenberg, Simon  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col.)
Culture:
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Nigeria
Date:
1951-1953
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Simon Ottenberg at the okumkpa presented on the eke Sunday afternoon of 13 January 1952 in the main common of Amuro village. Dr. Ottenberg was conducting field research at Afikpo village-group, southeastern Nigeria, from December 1951 to March 1953.
Original title reads, "Okumkpa play, Amuro village, Amuro players. Each village has its own players, although players may perform in other villages as well. The name of the mask is also the name for the entire dress. One of the okumkpa play leaders wearing an old style mask of the Ego people, who probably were one of the original non-Igbo inhabitants of Afikpo." [Ottenberg field research notes, O Series, December 1951-March 1953].
"Okumpka, the most elaborate masquerade found at Afikpo Village-Group, is the most popular and well attended Afikpo masked ritual. It consists of a series of skits, songs, and dances presented by masked players in the main common of a village during of an afternoon or evening. The play is closely associated with the village secret society; all players are society members, and all wear wooden masks and costumes." [Ottenberg, 1975: Masked Rituals of Afikpo, the Context of an African Art; Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1975].
The photograph depicts nnade okumkpa mask only worn by senior and junior okumkpa leaders, and occasionally by assistant leaders. The two leaders, okumkpa odudo, wear a floppy, wide-brimmed mat hat and are easily identifiable amongst the players by their special dress and actions. They do not sit down and do not usually dance about. The two men are responsible for indicating the end of each stage, for starting a new one, and for directing the music, singing, and dancing. They must keep the players seated in orderly fashion. The nnade okumkpa masks are ancient in design and are associated with the non-Igbo people, Ego, who once formed a major population at Afikpo. The leaders prefer to use old ones, like the Amuro pair, because the spirit of the secret society is alive in them.
Local Numbers:
O-22/1951-1953

EEPA 2000-070022
General:
Title source: Dr. Simon Ottenberg, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Other Archival Materials:
Simon Ottenberg Papers are located at the National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Masks  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.2000-007, Item EEPA 2000-007-0022
See more items in:
Simon Ottenberg photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2000-007-ref530

Pende [Dance floor at Mukelenge]

Photographer:
Sousberghe, Léon de  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Sousberghe, Léon de  Search this
Extent:
1 slide (b&w)
Culture:
Pende (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Color slides
Place:
Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Date:
[ca. 1957]
Scope and Contents:
Original accompanying Léon de Sousberghe caption reads, " Plate-forme de la danse "Kita" Mukelenge près de Nianga." Translated original accompanying caption reads, " The village dance floor near Nianga before the performance "Kita" Mukelenge."
The Central Pende performers of the Mingelu and Mapumbulu generations privileged the celebratory dances associated with the women's health rituals. These rites (Khita, Gimbanda, Khula, Kanvumbi) were organized around a period of rest and seclusion for the woman. Overseen by women, these rituals were serious and treated the ailing woman like an initiate to a secret society. At its conclusion, her husband or maternal family was obliged to mark her recovery by throwing a party similar to the coming-out ceremony for initiates to the men's fraternity.
Local Numbers:
LS 170
General:
Title source: Archives staff.
Note source: Archives staff.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Identifier:
EEPA.1999-010, Item EEPA 1999-100201
See more items in:
Leon de Sousberghe photographs
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1999-010-ref707

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