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Proceedings, industrial computation seminar, September, 1950; edited by IBM Applied Science Dept

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
103 p. illus. 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1951
[1951]
Topic:
Computers  Search this
Call number:
QA76.I5 1950X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_447809

Proceedings, computation seminar, August 1951; edited by IBM Applied Science Dept

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
148 p. illus. 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1951
[1951]
Topic:
Computers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_453531

Proceedings, computation seminar : December 1949 / edited by IBM Applied Science Dept

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
173 p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1949
1951
Topic:
Computers  Search this
Call number:
QA76 .I5p 1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_456465

Mathematica: a world of numbers and beyond. [Exhibition held at California and Chicago Museums of Science and Industry. Exhibit designed by Charles and Ray Eames

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Eames, Charles  Search this
Eames, Ray  Search this
California Museum of Science and Industry  Search this
Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unpaged, chiefly illus.) 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1964
1964?]
Topic:
Mathematics--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
QA11 .I614
QA11.I614
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_164585

Proceedings, seminar on scientific computation, November, 1949; edited by the IBM Applied Science Dept., Cuthbert C. Hurd, editor-in-chief

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
109 p. illus. 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1951
[1951], c1950
Topic:
Computers  Search this
Call number:
QA76.I5 1949X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_447811

Richard Lawrence Garwin

Subject:
Garwin, Richard L  Search this
Thomas J. Watson IBM Research Center  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Topic:
Physics  Search this
Nuclear physics  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-1826]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_383208

Geoffrey Gordon (1924-1989)

Subject:
Gordon, Geoffrey 1924-  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation Advanced Systems Development Division  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1961
September 27, 1961
Topic:
Information technology  Search this
Computer systems  Search this
Computer simulation  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-2002]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_384279

Geoffrey Gordon (1924-1989)

Subject:
Gordon, Geoffrey 1924-  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation Advanced Systems Development Division  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1961
September 27, 1961
Topic:
Computer simulation  Search this
Computer systems  Search this
Information technology  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-2003]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_384280

John Battiscombe ("Ian") Gunn (1928-2008)

Subject:
Gunn, John Battiscombe 1928-2008  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Physical description:
Gelatin silver prints
Type:
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1968
Topic:
Physics  Search this
Gallium arsenide  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 90-105 [SIA2008-2179]
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Contact SIA Reference Staff for further information (email photos@si.edu)
No Known Copyright Restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_384964

Contemporary art of the United States : collection of the International Business Machine Corporation exhibited in the Gallery of Science and Art, World's Fair of 1940 in New York

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 :) New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[113] p. : ill, ports., ; 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1940
C1940]
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Painters  Search this
Call number:
ND212 .C792n 1940
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_213871

Contemporary art of the United States : collection of the International Business Machine Corporation exhibited in the Gallery of Science and Art, World's Fair of 1940 in New York

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 :) New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[113] p. : ill, ports., ; 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1940
C1940]
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Painters  Search this
Call number:
ND212 .C792n 1940
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_787935

Contemporary art of the United States; collection of the International Business Machines Corporation, exhibited in its Gallery of Science and Art, Palace of Electricity and Communication, Golden Gate International Exposition

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Golden Gate International Exposition (1939-1940 : San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Physical description:
[113] p. illus. (incl. ports.) 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
United States
Date:
1940
C1940]
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Painters  Search this
Call number:
ND212.C792g 1940
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_371819

Contemporary art of 79 countries, assembled by International Business Machines Corporation in its Gallery of Science and Art in the Business Systems and Insurance Building at the New York World's Fair, 1939

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 :) New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
[163] p. illus. (incl. ports.) 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1939
C1939]
Topic:
Painting  Search this
Painters  Search this
Call number:
N4784 1939.I5x
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_184642

Contemporary art of 79 countries. The International Business Machines Corporation collection exhibited in its Gallery of Science and Art in the Palace of Electricity and Communication at the Golden Gate International Exposition, San Francisco, California

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Golden Gate International Exposition (1939-1940 : San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Physical description:
[165] p. illus. (incl. ports.) 21 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1939
C1939]
Topic:
Painting  Search this
Painters  Search this
Call number:
N4875.I6X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_184643

Cosmos : sketch of a physical description of the universe / by Alexander von Humboldt ; translated under the superintendence of ... Edward Sabine ..

Author:
Humboldt, Alexander von 1769-1859  Search this
Sabine, Edward Sir 1788-1883  Search this
Sabine, Elizabeth Juliana Leeves 1807-1879  Search this
Former owner:
Martin, Theodore Sir 1816-1909 DSI  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation DSI  Search this
Associated name:
Protzman, L. DSI  Search this
Donor:
Burndy Library DSI  Search this
Physical description:
4 v. ; 18 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1849
1858
Topic:
Cosmography  Search this
Science--History  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Physical geography  Search this
Call number:
Q158 .H9 E1849b
Q158.H9 E1849b
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_332596

N. Joseph Woodland Papers

Creator:
Woodland, N. Joseph, 1921-2012  Search this
Names:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Cubic feet (11 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Articles
Transcripts
Technical drawings
Notebooks
Correspondence
Examinations (documents)
Notes
Patents
Date:
1943-2012
Summary:
The collection documents the career of N. Joseph Woodland, who, along with Bernard Silver, invented and developed the bar code.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the career of N. Joseph Woodland, who, along with Bernard Silver, invented and developed the bar code. The collection includes papers relating to Woodland's early life and education, such as exams and transcripts; papers relating to his work with IBM, including correspondence, notes and notebooks, and technical drawings; patents; photographs; awards and honors; articles.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into five series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1943-2012

Series 2: International Business machines Corporation (IBM), 1951-2006

Series 3: Node Code, 1986-2003

Series 4: Consulting, 1987-2000

Series 5: Audiovisual Materials, 1990-2011
Biographical / Historical:
Norman Joseph Woodland (1921-2012) was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Woodland also served during World War II in the Army as a technical assistant for the Manhattan Project in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. He earned a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from Drexel University (1947) and a Masters in Mechanical Engineering from Syracuse University (1956). He joined the Drexel University faculty as a lecturer in mechanical engineering in 1947.

In 1948, Woodland became aware of the need for supermarket inventory control through automated checkout. He conceived of the idea of using printed parallel stripes of varying widths to encode prices of items in 1949. Woodland, together with Bernard Silver (1921-1963), an electrical engineer, and fellow Drexel University faculty lecturer, defined a system to exploit the bar code invention to automatically capture item prices as well as inventory data. Woodland and Silver were issued US patent 2,612,994 for a classifying apparatus and method on October 7, 1952. Woodland and Silver sold their patent for $15,000 to Philco in 1961.

Woodland joined IBM in 1951 as a mechanical designer and later worked as a senior planner in artificial intelligence in general and expert systems. While at IBM, Woodland identified and applied existing and emerging technologies to enhance planned IBM products and systems. He worked in store systems marketing, long-range market planning, product planning, and artificial intelligence development. In 1983, he received an IBM technical sabbatical to work on expert systems and robotics at Carnegie Mellon University and to study these systems in use in Japan. A significant portion of Woodland's career focused on the bar code in general and supermarket automated check-out processes. His work laid the foundation for the creation of the universal product code (UPC symbol), for which ), for which he was an integral part of the IBM team's winning design, in his role as the person responsible for IBM's UPC symbol proposal to the grocery industry's symbol selection committee.

In 1992, Woodland won the National Medal of Technology for his invention and contribution to the commercialization of bar code technology, which improved productivity in every industrial sector and gave rise to the bar code industry. Woodland holds six patents.

Woodland married Jacqueline Woodland (née Blumberg) in 1951 and they had two daughters, Betsy Karpenkopf and Susan Woodland.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2017 by Susan Woodland, the daughter of N. Joseph Woodland.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bar coding  Search this
Numerical control  Search this
Inventors -- 20th century  Search this
Inventions -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles -- 20th century
Transcripts -- 20th century
Technical drawings -- 20th century
Notebooks -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Examinations (documents) -- 20th century
Notes -- 20th century
Patents -- 20th century
Citation:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers, 1943-2012, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1433
See more items in:
N. Joseph Woodland Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1433
Additional Online Media:

Leslie Leland Locke papers on the Wiberg, Scheutz and other calculating machines

Collector:
Locke, L. Leland (Leslie Leland) 1875-,-  Search this
Correspondent:
Chase, G. C. active 1930  Search this
Turck, J. A. V. active 1929  Search this
Mann, N. active 1936  Search this
MacMahon, Andrew Merritt active 1936  Search this
Felt & Tarrant Manufacturing Company  Search this
Monroe (Firm)  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Donor:
Grove City College Library DSI  Search this
Subject:
Scheutz, Edward 1821-1881  Search this
Scheutz, Georg 1785-1873  Search this
Wiberg, Martin 1826-1905  Search this
Century of Progress International Exposition (1933-1934 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Physical description:
1 folder (8 items on 28 sheets)
Type:
Manuscripts
Correspondence
Date:
1929
1929-1936
Topic:
Calculators--History  Search this
Mathematical instruments--History  Search this
Call number:
MSS 001906 A
Restrictions & Rights:
Consultation by appointment with Dibner Library staff.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1107584

My life's history; a loan exhibition of paintings by Grandma Moses. Organized by Otto Kallir on the occasion of the artist's 100th year. Circulated by the Smithsonian Institution

Author:
Moses Grandma 1860-1961  Search this
Kallir, Otto 1894-  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
International Business Machines Corporation Gallery of Arts and Sciences  Search this
Physical description:
63 p. illus. (part col.) 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1960
1960]
Topic:
Primitivism in art  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.M895 K2m
ND237.M78 G34X
N40.1.M895K2m
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_47955

Contemporary art of 79 countries / [International Business Machines Corporation]

Title:
Contemporary art of seventy-nine countries
Host institution:
International Business Machines Corporation  Search this
Author:
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Physical description:
4 unnumbered pages : illustrations ; 71 x 64 cm
Type:
Books
Brochures
Date:
1939
Topic:
Painting--Exhibitions  Search this
Painters  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1024837

Leonardo da Vinci. [Biographical sketch by Richard McLanathan. Illustrations of models built according to Leonardo's scientific and technical drawings, selected from IBM's larger collection

Author:
International Business Machines Corporation Department of Arts and Sciences  Search this
McLanathan, Richard B. K  Search this
Subject:
Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519  Search this
Physical description:
[32] p. illus. 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1966
1966?]
Call number:
NC257.L5 I61 1966
NC257.L5I61
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_20473

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