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11 lantern slides and 18 35mm slides, all glass-mounted and taped at edges, showing an atomic bomb test explosion. Of this collection, two slides contain images of the crew conducting the test and a third shows the camp and some of the equipment used. The remainder contain images of explosions and the resulting smoke.
Divided into 2 series: (a) Lantern slides, 3-1/4 x 4"; and (b) 35mm slides.
Biographical / Historical:
In 1941, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt approved plans to begin the development of an atomic bomb. Nuclear physicists worked with the U.S. Army in what was known as the Manhattan Project. The first test of an atomic bomb was conducted in July of 1945 in the Nevada Desert. This collection contains images of one of those early tests, captured by Ralph Earle. Within one month of the first test, President Harry S. Truman ordered the dropping of atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagaski.
Collection donated by Ralph Earle.
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
President Harry S. Truman, by John Slavin : special exhibition, gallery two, first floor, October third to November third, nineteen forty-six, National Collection of Fine Arts, United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
This collection consists of approximately 250 images taken by C. Hadley Smith pertaining to Mohawk Airlines, and a few from their predecessor Robinson Aviation. The images are in negative format, and are mostly 4 by 5 inches, with some smaller formats occasionally mixed in. All images except one are black and white. The negatives are in individually numbered envelopes with a number scheme applied by Smith which is comprised of the date (year-month-day) and a shot number from that day. Some of the envelopes contain duplicate negatives or contact prints, and some contain two separate images. The images show Mohawk Airlines personnel; facilities; aircraft; passengers; and company events. Aircraft shown in the images include the Douglas DC-3, Convair 240 Convair-Liner, and Beech Bonanza 35. Two passengers of note that appear in the images are actress Shelley Winters and President Harry S. Truman.
Biographical / Historical:
Mohawk Airlines was founded in 1945 as Robinson Aviation and was based out of Ithaca Municipal Airport in New York. In 1948, the airline was certified as a local service carrier by the Civil Aeronautics Board and they were awarded numerous routes in the Mohawk Valley. At this time, the airline adopted the slogan "Route of the Air Chiefs" and began using a logo of a Native American on their aircraft. In 1952, the name was changed to Mohawk Airlines. By 1956, the airline had moved its corporate offices to Utica and the airline's operations base moved to Oneida County Airport in Whitestown, New York in 1958. Also in 1958, Mohawk employed the country's first African American flight attendant, Ruth Carol Taylor. Mohawk was responsible for a number of other firsts including being the first airline to used a centralized computer-based reservation service (1961), the first regional airline to used flight simulators (1965), and the first regional airline to fly jets (1965). Mohawk was purchased by Allegheny Airlines in 1972 which later became US Airways. US Airways merged with America West Airlines in 2005 and purchased American Airlines in 2015 and now operates under the American Airlines name and logo. C. Hadley Smith (1910-2004) began taking photographs at age five and received formal training in photography at the Patuxent River Naval Air Base where he served as a Photographer's Mate First Class during World War II. After the war, he began his career as a commercial photographer in Ithaca, New York. One of his clients was Robinson Aviation, later Mohawk Airlines.
Hadley Smith, Gift, 2017
No restrictions on access.
President Harry S. Truman's Address on the Situation in Korea, July 19, 1950.
No restrictions on access
United States Space Program Oral History Collection [Kapp], Acc. NASM.XXXX.0138, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.