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United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls

Creator:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Collector:
Billings, John Shaw, 1838-1913  Search this
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Rolleston, George, 1829-1881  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Depicted:
Guiteau, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1841-1882  Search this
Extent:
100 Negatives (circa, glass)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ute Indians -- depicted  Search this
Chinook Indians -- depicted  Search this
Choptank Indians -- depicted  Search this
Dakota Indians -- depicted  Search this
Eskimos -- depicted  Search this
Tonkawa Indians -- depicted  Search this
Africans -- United States -- depicted  Search this
Potawatomi Indians -- depicted  Search this
Taiwan aborigines -- depicted  Search this
Pomo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Taiwanese -- depicted  Search this
Pueblo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Nisqually Indians -- depicted  Search this
Hawaiians -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
probably 1870s-1880s
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of skulls in the United States Army Medical Museum collection, which appear to have been collected for physical anthropological purposes. Included are archeological remains and remains of historical American Indian tribes and some other ethnic groups. Other than tribe or location, data for the specimens include Army Medical Museum specimen number, AMM negative number, and sex; for some, there is also collection data and information on physical or medical conditions. There are also notes identifying donors who included army officers, physicians, scientists, and explorers such as Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Edward Palmer, Frederic Ward Putnam, George Rolleston, Paul Schumacher, and many others. Some of the photographs may have been made as part of the Army Medical Museumʹs program of distributing images of its specimens.

Represented are Africans, Chinook, Choptank, Dakota, Eskimo of Greenland, Taiwanese peoples, Hawaiians, Hidatsa, Nisqually, Philippine peoples, Ponca, Potowatomi, Pueblo, Tonkawa, and Ute. Archeological specimens are from the Aleutian Islands, California, the Dakotas, England (Roman period), Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, New Mexico, Peru, Vancouver Island, and Vermont. For some, there is also information about the status or physical condition of the individual or observations of medical conditions shown in the specimens. Some additional photographs appear to show specimens at the American Museum of Natural History.
Biographical/Historical note:
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased American Indians. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-26C, NAA Photo Lot 73-26D
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 73-26D have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 73-26C. These are also Army Medical Museum negatives of skulls and form part of this collection.
Additional Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6A, Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-26C, United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26C
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-26c

Willis G. Tilton photograph collection of American Indians

Collector:
Tilton, Willis G.  Search this
Names:
Field Museum of Natural History  Search this
Big Foot, -1890  Search this
Geronimo, 1829-1909  Search this
Photographer:
Dorsey, George A. (George Amos), 1868-1931  Search this
Gutekunst, Frederick, 1831-1917  Search this
Hall, E. E.  Search this
James, George Wharton, 1858-1923  Search this
Maude, F. H. (Frederic Hamer)  Search this
Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934  Search this
Thompson, J. Eric S. (John Eric Sidney), 1898-1975  Search this
Voth, H. R. (Henry R.), 1855-1931  Search this
Winternitz, L.  Search this
Extent:
685 Negatives (circa, glass and nitrate)
Culture:
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians -- depicted  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Brulé Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Jicarilla Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Kootenai Indians  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Kwakiutl Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Umatilla Indians  Search this
White Mountain Apache Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Mayas  Search this
Patagonians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Haida Indians  Search this
Gros Ventre Indians (Montana)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Hunkpapa Indians  Search this
Chiricahua Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Coast Salish Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Place:
Belize
Fort Belknap Indian Reservation (Mont.)
Oraibi (Ariz.)
Date:
circa 1880-1930
bulk 1899-1904
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs collected by Willis G. Tilton, a dealer in artifacts and photographs relating to American Indians. Many of the photographs were made by Field Columbian Museum photographer Charles Carpenter at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in 1904; many others were created by various photographers for Field Museum publications. Notable subjects include Big Foot, dead in the snow at the Wounded Knee battlefield; Arapaho and Cheyenne social dances; Hopi ceremonies; a reenactment of the shooting of Sitting Bull; Sun Dances (Arapaho, Assiniboin and Atsina, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Ponca); and views of the United States Indian School Building and Pawnee Indians at the the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri. Other photographs include portraits and images of artifacts, basket weaving, cradles, dress, dwelling, tipis and other dwellings, and tree burials. There are also some photographs of Henry Field's expedition to Iraq in 1934 (Field museum anthropological expedition to the Near East), work elephants in Burma, Pipestone Quarry in Minnesota, a church in the Yucatan, and a rickshaw and cart in Ceylon.
Biographical/Historical note:
Willis G. Tilton was a dealer and owner of the store, Tilton Indian Relics, in Topeka, Kansas.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 89-8, NAA Photo Lot 135
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs in the Tilton Collection, previously filed in Photo Lot 135, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 89-8. These photographs were also purchased by the Bureau of American Ethnology from Willis G. Tilton and form part of this collection.
Associated photographs still held in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
Most photographs included in the card catalog of copy negatives and in the reference file prints by tribe.
Additional photographs by Dorsey held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4721 and Photo Lot 24.
Correspondence from Dorsey held in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4821, records of the Bureau of American Ethnology, the J.C. Pilling Papers, and the Ales Hrdlicka Papers.
Additional photographs by Nelson held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 171, Photo Lot 133, Photo Lot 24, and the BAE historical negatives.
Additional Maude photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 90-1 and Photo Lot 24.
Additional E. E. Hall photographs held in National Anthropological Archives MS 4978 and Photo Lot 24.
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds Nelson's field reports (SIA Acc. 97-123) and the Edward William Nelson and Edward Alphonso Goldman Collection (SIA RU007364).
See others in:
Willis G. Tilton photograph collection of American Indians, circa 1880-1930 (bulk 1899-1904)
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Salish Indians  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890  Search this
Sun Dance  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 89-8, Willis G. Tilton photograph collection of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.89-8
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-89-8

LIving Earth Festival: The Pokagon Drum & Dance Troupe 1

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-07-28T13:28:02.000Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_XJbVBceSf1E

LIving Earth Festival: The Pokagon Drum & Dance Troupe 2

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-07-28T13:40:37.000Z
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
Youtube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_xv1yrdUzrRg

Ceremonial Beaded Belt

Culture:
Potawatomi  Search this
Object Type:
Belt
Place:
Not Given, Indiana, United States, North America
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
140232
USNM Number:
E377988-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8414290
Additional Online Media:

Shirt

Collector:
Acee Blue Eagle  Search this
Donor Name:
Ms. Mae Abbott  Search this
Culture:
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Object Type:
Shirt
Place:
United States, North America
Accession Date:
1 Sep 1978
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
328172
USNM Number:
E418932-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8451149
Additional Online Media:

Pipebowl W/ Human Face Carved On Scaphite Fossil Body

Donor Name:
Accession Number Unknown  Search this
Culture:
Potawatomi  Search this
Object Type:
Pipe
Place:
Not Given, Kansas, United States, North America
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
000000
USNM Number:
E7825-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8480305
Additional Online Media:

Man's vest

Culture/People:
Potawatomi  Search this
Previous owner:
J. Johnson, Non-Indian  Search this
Seller:
J. Johnson, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Man's vest
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, glass bead/beads, silk ribbon
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork, strung, loom beadwork, fringed
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Wisconsin; USA
Catalog Number:
18/6384
Barcode:
186384.000
See related items:
Potawatomi
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_199293
Additional Online Media:

Garters/Legbands

Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Walpole Island, Ontario]  Search this
Possible collector:
Milford G. Chandler (M.G. Chandler), Non-Indian, 1889-1981  Search this
Previous owner:
Milford G. Chandler (M.G. Chandler), Non-Indian, 1889-1981  Search this
Seller:
Milford G. Chandler (M.G. Chandler), Non-Indian, 1889-1981  Search this
Object Name:
Garters/Legbands
Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads, wool yarn, thread
Techniques:
Loom beadwork, fringed
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Walpole Island, Lake Saint Clair; Walpole Island Reserve (Bkejwanong); Lambton County; Ontario; Canada
Archipelago:
Great Lakes Islands
Island Name:
Walpole Island
Island Grouping:
Lake Saint Clair Islands
Date created:
circa 1900
Catalog Number:
14/749
Barcode:
140749.000
See related items:
Potawatomi [Walpole Island, Ontario]
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_151385
Additional Online Media:

Choker necklace

Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]  Search this
Seller:
Estate of Walter C. Wyman  Search this
Previous owner:
Walter C. Wyman (Walter Channing Wyman), Non-Indian, 1850-1927  Search this
Object Name:
Choker necklace
Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Side-stitched/Bias woven
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Kansas; USA
Catalog Number:
17/9786
Barcode:
179786.000
See related items:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_192477
Additional Online Media:

Shaman's bandolier/Shoulder sash

Culture/People:
Potawatomi  Search this
Object Name:
Shaman's bandolier/Shoulder sash
Media/Materials:
Wool yarn, heron bone/bones
Techniques:
Incised
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Place:
Great Lakes region; Canada, USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
23/9396
Barcode:
239396.000
See related items:
Potawatomi
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Shamanic objects
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_254914

Armband

Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]  Search this
Previous owner:
The Antique Shop  Search this
Seller:
The Antique Shop  Search this
MAI agent:
Dr. Frederick J. Dockstader (FJD), Non-Indian, 1912-1998  Search this
Object Name:
Armband
Media/Materials:
German silver ("nickel silver"/copper-nickel alloy)
Techniques:
Hammered, stamped, engraved, perforated
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Kansas; USA
Date created:
1870-1920
Catalog Number:
24/987
Barcode:
240987.000
See related items:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_256562
Additional Online Media:

Cross pendant

Culture/People:
probably Non-Indian (attributed); possibly used by the Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]  Search this
Previous owner:
The Antique Shop  Search this
Seller:
The Antique Shop  Search this
MAI agent:
Dr. Frederick J. Dockstader (FJD), Non-Indian, 1912-1998  Search this
Object Name:
Cross pendant
Media/Materials:
Silver
Techniques:
Hammered, aboriginally repaired
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Wyandotte County; Kansas; USA
Catalog Number:
24/991
Barcode:
240991.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_256566
Additional Online Media:

Prescription stick

Culture/People:
Potawatomi  Search this
Previous owner:
Joe Chekase, Potawatomi  Search this
Birger Roos, Non-Indian  Search this
Seller:
Birger Roos, Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Prescription stick
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Incised
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Doctor's items
Place:
Kosciusko County; Indiana; USA
Catalog Number:
24/1298
Barcode:
241298.000
See related items:
Potawatomi
Ceremonial/Ritual items: Doctor's items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_256970

Bowl

Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Forest County, Wisconsin]  Search this
Previous owner:
David T. Vernon (David Thomas Vernon/David C. Vernon), Non-Indian, 1900-1973  Search this
Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. (Jackson Hole Preserve, Incorporated), 1940-  Search this
Object Name:
Bowl
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Big Stone Lake Settlement, Forest County Potawatomi Reservation; Oneida County; Wisconsin; USA
Catalog Number:
24/2185
Barcode:
242185.000
See related items:
Potawatomi [Forest County, Wisconsin]
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_257469
Additional Online Media:

Sash/Belt

Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]  Search this
Previous owner:
David T. Vernon (David Thomas Vernon/David C. Vernon), Non-Indian, 1900-1973  Search this
Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. (Jackson Hole Preserve, Incorporated), 1940-  Search this
Object Name:
Sash/Belt
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, cowrie shell/shells
Techniques:
Loom beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Kansas; USA
Catalog Number:
24/2198
Barcode:
242198.000
See related items:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_257842
Additional Online Media:

Shinney/Shinny stick and double ball

Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Forest County, Wisconsin]  Search this
Previous owner:
Adeline Pemma, Potawatomi [Forest County, Wisconsin], 1913-1988  Search this
David T. Vernon (David Thomas Vernon/David C. Vernon), Non-Indian, 1900-1973  Search this
Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. (Jackson Hole Preserve, Incorporated), 1940-  Search this
Collector:
David T. Vernon (David Thomas Vernon/David C. Vernon), Non-Indian, 1900-1973  Search this
Object Name:
Shinney/Shinny stick and double ball
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide, unknown stuffing, cotton cloth, sinew, cotton thread, ochre
Techniques:
Carved, drilled, sewn, stuffed, fringed, colored
Dimensions:
90.00 x 7.00 x 3.60 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Ball game items
Place:
Big Stone Lake Settlement, Forest County Potawatomi Reservation; Oneida County; Wisconsin; USA
Date created:
1900-1930
Catalog Number:
24/2223
Barcode:
242223.000
See related items:
Potawatomi [Forest County, Wisconsin]
Games, Toys, Gambling: Ball game items
On View:
National Museum of the American Indian, Washington, DC
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_257867
Additional Online Media:

Brooch

Culture/People:
Potawatomi  Search this
Previous owner:
Chief Wampum, Jr., Potawatomi  Search this
David T. Vernon (David Thomas Vernon/David C. Vernon), Non-Indian, 1900-1973  Search this
Jackson Hole Preserve, Inc. (Jackson Hole Preserve, Incorporated), 1940-  Search this
Previous seller:
David T. Vernon (David Thomas Vernon/David C. Vernon), Non-Indian, 1900-1973  Search this
Object Name:
Brooch
Media/Materials:
German silver ("nickel silver"/copper-nickel alloy)
Techniques:
Incised, punched
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Place:
Big Stone Lake Settlement, Forest County Potawatomi Reservation; Oneida County; Wisconsin; USA
Date created:
1870-1900
Catalog Number:
24/4526
Barcode:
244526.000
See related items:
Potawatomi
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_260239

Drum and drumstick for Midewiwin rituals

Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]  Search this
Previous owner:
Ki'p ke't kwe', Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Leo Walker, Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Drum and drumstick for Midewiwin rituals
Media/Materials:
Wood, hide
Techniques:
Painted
Object Type:
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Native Term:
pwan ku'k
Place:
Kansas; USA
Catalog Number:
2/7602
Barcode:
027602.000
See related items:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]
Ceremonial/Ritual items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_29303

Moccasins

Culture/People:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]  Search this
Previous owner:
Albert Wi yot te'u, Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Leo Walker, Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Moccasins
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Loom beadwork , overlay beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Place:
Kansas; USA
Catalog Number:
2/7611
Barcode:
027611.000
See related items:
Potawatomi [Prairie Band, Kansas]
Clothing/Garments: Footwear
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_29312
Additional Online Media:

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