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Oral history interview with Gordon Parks, 1964 Dec. 30

Interviewee:
Parks, Gordon, 1912-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Doud, Richard Keith  Search this
Subject:
Stryker, Roy Emerson  Search this
United States.Farm Security Administration  Search this
New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project  Search this
Topic:
Authors  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Composers  Search this
Art and race  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Photography  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Documentary photography  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Filmmakers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11480
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213717
AAA_collcode_parks64
Theme:
African American
Photography
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213717
Additional Online Media:

Production Records, 1989-1992

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery (U.S.) Department of History  Search this
Uniform title:
Smithsonian World (Television program : 1984-1991)  Search this
Subject:
De Mille, Agnes  Search this
Fairbanks, Douglas Jr. 1909-2000  Search this
Fern, Alan Maxwell 1930-  Search this
Graham, Katharine 1917-2001  Search this
Pachter, Marc  Search this
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
WETA-TV (Television station : Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution Resident Associates Program  Search this
Physical description:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Floor plans
Sketches
Date:
1989
1989-1992
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Television--Production and direction  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 01-142
Restrictions & Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2008; Transferring office; 5/11/2001 memorandum, Alers to Loffman; Contact reference staff for details
See more items in:
Production Records 1989-1992 [National Portrait Gallery (U.S.) Department of History]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_250929

Visual Journal: Harlem and D.C. in the Thirties and Forties exhibition records

Creator:
Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture  Search this
Names:
Anacostia Museum  Search this
Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture  Search this
Parks, Gordon, 1912-2006  Search this
Willis, Deborah, 1948-  Search this
Extent:
8.5 Linear feet (15 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Exhibition records
Photographs
Brochures
Invitations
Exhibit scripts
Correspondence
Catalogues
Photocopies
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Virginia
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1996
Summary:
An exhibitionn celebrating the work of five African American photographers who documented segregated black communities in Washington, D.C., rural Virginia, and New York City in the 1930s and 1940s. Curated by Deborah Willis the exhibition was held at the Smithsonian Arts & Industries Building, South Gallery from April 18, 1996 to September 29, 1996. Photographers included: Robert H. McNeil, The Scurlock Studio, Morgan and Marvin Smith, and Gordon Parks.
Scope and Contents note:
These records document the planning, organizing, execution, and promotion of the exhibition. Materials include correspondence, exhibit scripts, administrative records, exhibit layouts, brochures, art files,invitations, inventory, project scheudle, permission forms, photocopies, and clippings.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Museum exhibits  Search this
African American photographers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Exhibition records -- 1990-2004
Photographs
Brochures
Invitations
Exhibit scripts
Correspondence
Catalogues
Photocopies
Citation:
Visual Journal: Harlem and D.C. in the Thirties and Forties exhibition records, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
ACMA.03-025
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-03-025
Additional Online Media:

A hungry heart : a memoir / Gordon Parks

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
346 p. ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2005
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
African American photographers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_800743

Gordon Parks : 40 Jahre Fotografie / herausgegeben von Thomas Buchsteiner und Karl Steinorth

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Buchsteiner, Thomas  Search this
Steinorth, Karl  Search this
Deutsch-Amerikanisches Institut (Tübingen, Germany)  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
135 pages : illustrations ; 24 x 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Interviews
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
1989
©1989
Topic:
Photography, Artistic  Search this
African American photographers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1074736

Eye music : new images / by Gordon Parks

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Alex Rosenberg Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : col. ill. ; 20 x 30 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1979
C1979
Topic:
Color photography  Search this
Call number:
TR647 .P385 1979
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_821364

Gordon Parks : no excuses / text by Ann Parr ; photographs by Gordon Parks ; illustrations by Kathryn Breidenthal

Author:
Parr, Ann  Search this
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
1 v. (unnumbered paging) : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Biography
Juvenile literature
Place:
United States
Date:
2006
Topic:
African American photographers  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_796918

Voices in the mirror : an autobiography / Gordon Parks

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 351 p., [24] p. of plates : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1990
C1990
Topic:
African American photographers--Biography  Search this
Call number:
TR647.P25 A1v 1990
TR647.P25A1v 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_404433

The Gordon Parks collection : Kansas State University, Department of Art

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Kansas State University Department of Art  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006 Photograph collections  Search this
Kansas State University Department of Art  Search this
Physical description:
56 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Kansas
Manhattan
Date:
1983
[1983]
Topic:
Photograph collections  Search this
Call number:
TR647.P25 K16
TR647.P25K16
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_227242

A shout-out to Gordon

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Bourne, St. Clair 1943-2007  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Type:
Articles
Interviews
Date:
2008
Topic:
African American photographers  Search this
Call number:
NX1 .N737
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_907664

To smile in autumn : a memoir / Gordon Parks ; foreword by Alexs D. Pate

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
249 p., [40] p. of plates : ill ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
2009
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
African American photographers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_942010

Alexander Liberman papers

Creator:
Liberman, Alexander, 1912-1999  Search this
Names:
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Bennington College  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr., 1902-1981  Search this
Beaton, Cecil Walter Hardy, Sir, 1904-  Search this
Cartier-Bresson, Henri, 1908-  Search this
Chernow, Burt  Search this
Dalí, Salvador, 1904-  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-  Search this
Dietrich, Marlene  Search this
Emmerich, André  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Klein, William  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
Leibovitz, Annie, 1949-  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Mulas, Ugo  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Newman, Barnett, 1905-1970  Search this
Newton, Helmut, 1920-  Search this
Parks, Gordon, 1912-2006  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Penn, Irving  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Ritts, Herb  Search this
Snowdon, Antony Armstrong-Jones, Earl of, 1930-  Search this
Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973  Search this
Vogel, Lucien  Search this
Vreeland, Diana  Search this
Extent:
59 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drafts (documents)
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Photographs
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Video recordings
Date:
circa 1912-2003
Summary:
The papers of sculptor, painter, and publishing executive Alexander Semeonovitch Liberman date from circa 1913-2003 and measure 59 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials; correspondence with family, galleries, museums, and many artists; numerous recorded interviews and transcripts with and by Liberman, including one of Walter Hopps; writings and writing project files; extensive subject files maintained by Liberman; exhibition files; printed materials; scattered drawings; and extensive photographs of Liberman's artwork, exhibitions, Liberman, and of Liberman with notable artists, dealers, collectors, and critics. Many of the photographs were taken by noted photograhers. Also found within the papers are unidentified sound and video recordings. Additional sound and video recordings have been integrated into other series.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of sculptor, painter, and publishing executive Alexander Semeonovitch Liberman date from circa 1913-2003 and measure 59 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials; correspondence with family, galleries, museums, and many artists; numerous recorded interviews and transcripts with and by Liberman, including one of Walter Hopps; writings and writing project files; extensive subject files maintained by Liberman; exhibition files; printed materials; scattered drawings; and extensive photographs of Liberman's artwork, exhibitions, Liberman, and of Liberman with notable artists, dealers, collectors, and critics. Many of the photographs were taken by noted photograhers. Also found within the papers are unidentified sound and video recordings. Additional sound and video recordings have been integrated into other series.

Biographical materials include awards, biographies and chronologies, family history materials, membership cards, writings by Liberman's mother, and a scrapbook about his father.

Correspondence is extensive and concerns both personal and professional affairs. It is with artists and photographers, art magazines, organizations and museums, art collectors, businesses, and family. Notable correspondents include Cecil Beaton, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Burt Chernow, Salvador Dali, Robert Motherwell, Helen Frankenthaler, Barnett and Annalee Newman, Additional correspondence is found within the subject files compiled and organized by Liberman (series 6).

There are sound and video recordings and transcripts of interviews with and by Liberman, most completed for broadcast television and radio shows. Of particular interest are sound cassettes, a sound tape reel, and a transcript of an interview with Walter Hopps by Liberman.

Writings by Liberman include essays, short stories, and a play entitled 2+1. Writing project files were organized by Liberman for writing projects for which he was the author, collaborator, or subject. There are numerous files concerning Barbara Rose's book about Liberman Alexander Liberman that also include recorded interviews with Liberman and transcripts. Other books for which there are files include The Art and Technique of Color Photography, The Artist in His Studio, Vogue: The First 100 Years, Vogue History of Fashion Photography, and others.

Subject files were organized by Liberman for a wide variety of work projects, activities, topics, and entities of interest. Files cover commissions, the filming and distribution of the 1981 documentary film Alexander Liberman: A Lifetime Burning, Liberman's personal collection of art, gifts of artwork, and his relationship with galleries and dealers, particularly André Emmerich Gallery.

Exhibition files document exhibitions of Liberman's artwork, and include those held at André Emmerich Gallery, Bennington College, the Guggenheim, Museum of Modern Art, among other venues. Files contain correspondence, contracts, photographs, plans and drawings, notes, etc. Also found are inventory records of Liberman's artwork in the form of lists, index cards, bound registers, and notes.

Ten linear feet of printed materials include exhibition announcements and catalogs, books and book flyers, brochures, calendars, clippings, postcards, posters, press releases, and other materials.

There are scattered drawings and sketches found within the papers, some of which are sketches of sculpture pieces.

Nearly one-half of the collection is comprised of photographs of Liberman and his artwork, and of artists and colleagues, many of which were taken by noted photographers, including Cecil Beaton, Henri Cartier-Bresson, William Klein, Henri Lartique, Annie Leibowitz, Inge Morath, Ugo Mulas, Hans Namuth, Helmut Newton, Gordon Parks, Irving Penn, Herb Ritts, and Lord Snowden, among others. Subjects of note found in the photographs include Alfred Barr, Salvador Dali, Marlene Dietrich, Willem de Kooning, Andre Emmerich, Helen Frankenthaler, Clement Greenberg, Franz Kline, Robert Motherwell, Barnett Newman, Betty Parsons, Pablo Piccaso, Edward Steichen, Lucien Vogel, and Diana Vreeland, among many others.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into twelve series. Photographs retain Liberman's original numerical and alpha schemas and the corresponding indexes are found in the Inventory Records in Series 8.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, circa 1930s-1999 (1 linear foot; Box 1, 56)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1944-1997 (4 linear feet; Boxes 1-5, 56, OV 65)

Series 3: Interviews, 1946-1996 (1.4 linear feet; Boxes 5-7, 56)

Series 4: Writings, 1948-1995 (0.9 linear feet; Boxes 7-8)

Series 5: Writing Project Files, 1951-1997 (1.8 linear feet; Boxes 8-9, 56)

Series 6: Subject Files, 1946-2000 (6 linear feet; Boxes 9-15, 56, OV 66-67)

Series 7: Exhibition Files, 1954-1991 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 15-16, 56, OV 68)

Series 8: Inventory Records, 1938-1998 (6 linear feet; Boxes 16-22)

Series 9: Printed Materials, 1932-2003 (10 linear feet; Boxes 22-31, 56-57, OV 69)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1940s-1990s (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 32, 57, OV 70)

Series 11: Photographic Materials, circa 1912-1999 (26 linear feet; Boxes 32-55, 57-64, OVs 71-77)

Series 12: Unidentified Sound and Video Recordings, circa 1941-1999 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 55, 64)
Biographical / Historical:
Alexander S. Liberman (1912-1999) was a sculptor, painter, photographer, graphic designer, writer, and publishing executive who worked primarily in New York City. He held senior positions at Condé Nast Publications for 32 years.

Alexander Semeonovitch Liberman was born in 1912 in Kiev Russia. He was educated in London and the École des Beaux Art in Paris. He began his journalistic career in Paris at VU magazine owned by Lucien Vogel and there he befriended photographers Henri Cartier-Bresson, Brassai, Robert Capa, and André Kértesz. He served in the French army for a short time in 1940, but he and his family fled Paris in 1941 to New York City. Condé Nast hired Liberman in 1941 as an assistant to the art director of Vogue magazine. Liberman became art director in 1943 and editorial director of Condé Nast Publications in 1962, a position he held until his retirement in 1994.

Liberman was also a photographer whose subjects included Georges Braque, Alexander Calder, Alberto Giacometti, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and Marlene Dietrich, among others, many represented in his 1960 book entitled The Artist in his Studio and Marlene: An Intimate Photographic Memoir (1992). He was also the subject of the work of noted photographers Cecil Beaton, Irving Penn, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Gordon Parks, Lord Snowden, Jill Krementz, Henri Lartique, Annie Leibovitz, and Hans Namuth.

Liberman took up painting and sculpting in the 1950s. Although his first exhibition was at the Betty Parsons Gallery, he was primarily associated with the André Emmerich Gallery in New York City. His monumental sculptures were mostly assembled from industrial parts and painted and can be seen in museums and public sites worldwide.

Liberman was briefly married to Hildegarde Sturm. He married his second wife Tatiana Yacovleff du Plessix in 1942. Before their marriage, they fled occupied France together. She was a noted hat designer, working for Henri Bendel and Saks, where she became known as Tatiania of Saks. She died in 1991 and, in 1992, Liberman married Melinda Pechangco, a nurse who had earlier cared for Tatiania. Alexander Liberman died in 1999 in Miami, Florida.
Related Materials:
Related collections found at the Archives of American Art include the Dodie Kazanjian and Calvin Tomkins research materials on Alexander Liberman and numerous collections of gallery records.
Provenance:
The Alexander Liberman papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by Liberman Art Partners in 2010 via Dodie Kazanjian.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. research center. Contact Reference Services for more information. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Alexander S. Liberman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Publishers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Graphic designers  Search this
Topic:
Photographers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Photography  Search this
Sculptors -- France -- Paris  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Fashion photography  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Photographers -- France -- Paris  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drafts (documents)
Drawings
Scrapbooks
Interviews
Photographs
Sketches
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Video recordings
Citation:
Alexander Liberman Papers, circa 1912-2003. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.libealex
See more items in:
Alexander Liberman papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-libealex
Additional Online Media:

Half past autumn : a retrospective / Gordon Parks ; essay by Philip Brookman

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Brookman, Philip  Search this
Corcoran Gallery of Art  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
360 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 32 cm
Type:
Biography
Exhibitions
Date:
1997
C1997
Topic:
African American photographers  Search this
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Call number:
TR647.P25 B76 1997
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_527429

A choice of weapons / Gordon Parks

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
xii 274 p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1986
1966
20th century
Topic:
African American photographers--Biography  Search this
Authors, American  Search this
Call number:
TR647.P25 H2 1986
TR647.P25H2 1986
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_303273

Gordon Parks centennial : his legacy at Wichita State University / Patricia McDonnell, Ted D. Ayres, John S. Wright

Author:
McDonnell, Patricia 1956-  Search this
Ayres, Ted D  Search this
Wright, John S (John Samuel) 1946-  Search this
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006 Photographs Selections  Search this
Edwin A. Ulrich Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Wichita State University  Search this
Wichita State University Photograph collections  Search this
Physical description:
68 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 22 x 28 cm
Type:
Biography
Archives
Place:
United States
Date:
2012
Topic:
Photographers  Search this
African American photographers  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1005412

Bare witness : photographs / by Gordon Parks ; with an essay by Maren Stange

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Stange, Maren  Search this
Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
111 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
2006
Topic:
Documentary photography  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_986307

Gordon Parks : man of many talents

Author:
Welles, Chris  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1967
Topic:
African American photographers  Search this
Call number:
AP2 .T674
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_760493

The eye music of Gordon Parks

Author:
Hewitt, Mary Jane  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Subject:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1989
Topic:
African American photographers  Search this
Call number:
NX164.N4 B5X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_493529

Moments without proper names / Gordon Parks

Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
173 p. : chiefly ill. (some col.) ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1975
Topic:
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Call number:
TR647.P25 V6
TR647.P25V6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_276235

Gordon Parks: whispers of intimate things. Introd.: Philip B. Kunhardt, Jr

Title:
Whispers of intimate things
Author:
Parks, Gordon 1912-2006  Search this
Physical description:
[80] pages color illustrations 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1971
[1971]
Topic:
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1043472

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