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Philip Guston's mural Work - the American way at the 1939 New York World's Fair

Photographer:
Robbins, David
Subject:
Works Progress Administration
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 20 x 25 cm.
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1939 May 4
Topic:
Murals
New deal art
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11189
Summary:
Identification on attachment (typewritten): This mural by Philip Guston at the entrance of the WPA Community Building at the World's Fair is a symbol to convey the idea of "WPA in its relationship to the community", executed under the direction of the Federal Art Project, it serves to announce the theme of the other murals within the building.
Note on verso identifies Robbins as photographer, working for Federal Art Project, W.P.A., Photographic Division.
See more items in:
Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
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A life class for adults at the Brooklyn Museum, under the auspice of the New York City WPA Art Project

Subject:
United States. Works Progress Administration
United States. Works Projects Administration
Works Progress Administration
Great Depression
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 20 x 26 cm.
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brooklyn, N.Y.
Date:
ca. 1935
Topic:
Art--Study and teaching
Federal aid to the arts
New Deal, 1933-1939
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11039
See more items in:
Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection, circa 1920-1965, bulk 1935-1942
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
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Employment and Activities poster for the WPA's Federal Art Project

Creator:
Works Progress Administration
Physical description:
1 poster
Type:
Printed/Published Materials
Date:
1936
Topic:
Depressions
Federal aid to the arts
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11772
See more items in:
Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection, circa 1920-1965, bulk 1935-1942
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
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Architectural History of the Smithsonian National Zoological Park, 1889-1992

Subject:
Harris, Albert L
Clark, Edward 1822-1902
Emerson, William Ralph 1833-1917
Hornaday, William Temple 1854-1937
Mann, William M. 1886-1960
Olmsted, Frederick Law 1822-1903
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Elephant House
Holt House
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Lion House
Amazonia House
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Construction
Federal Art Project
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Reptile House
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Carnivora House
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Early History
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Buildings
National Zoological Park (U.S.)
Amazonia Exhibit
Date:
1889-1992
Topic:
Landscape architecture
New Deal, 1933-1939
Architecture, Romanesque
Architecture--Washington (D.C.)
Architecture, Neoclassical
Zoos
Category:
Chronology of Smithsonian History
Notes:
Ewing, H., & Ballard, A. (2009). A guide to Smithsonian architecture. Washington: Smithsonian Books.
Summary:
The Smithsonian National Zoological Park was founded in 1889, after Smithsonian taxidermist (and Curator of Living Animals) William Temple Hornaday (1854-1937) witnessed the near extinction of the American Bison, causing him to become committed to animal conservation.
The oldest building on the zoo grounds is known as Holt House, and was on the grounds prior to the National Zoo acquiring the land. Holt House is believed to have been built in the early 19th century, and is one of the oldest examples of Neoclassical architecture in Washington, DC.
The park was designed by Frederick Law Olmstead, one of the most famous and successful landscape architects of the time. Fellow Massachusetts architect William Ralph Emerson designed many of the early zoo buildings including the rustic Buffalo Barn and the Carnivora House (Lion House).
The early buildings evoked the natural surroundings, utilizing local materials such as wood and Rock Creek gray gneiss stone. The buildings were simple stone or log cabin style.
Between 1925 and 1956, under the direction of William M. Mann (1886-1960), the National Zoo acquired thousands of new animals, requiring many new buildings. It was during this time that most of the buildings that survive today were built. Buildings erected during this time were designed by the Municipal Architect of Washington. Buildings of this time per iod were also constructed utilizing local materials, but were adorned with sculptures and animal imagery, both inside and out. Many of the buildings and the art displayed were funded under the New Deal programs including the federal Works Progress Administration.
The 1931 Reptile House was designed in Byzanto-Romanesque style, and features semi-circular arches and a symmetrical rectangular design. The 1992 Amazonian Building features architecture meant to mimic that natural ecosystem of a tropical rain forest. Like the Amazonia Building, most of the buildings at the National Zoo do not fit in to particular architectural styles.
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
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Automotive Industry (mural, Detroit Public Library)

Artist:
Marvin Beerbohm, born Toronto, ON 1908-died North Olmstead, OH 1981
Medium:
oil on canvas mounted on board
Dimensions:
79 3/4 × 190 1/4 in. (202.6 × 483.2 cm)
Type:
Painting-Mural
Date:
1940
Topic:
Architecture\vehicle\automobile
Architecture\machine
Architecture\industry\factory
Occupation\industry\manufacturing
Figure(s) in interior\industry
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\Michigan
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the Detroit Public Library
Object number:
1968.141
Description:
The Works Progress Administration commissioned Automotive Industry for a library in Detroit, the automobile capital of the world. Beerbohm celebrated the nation's industrial might and the sweat of the laborers who made it happen. At the very center of this mural is a cutaway view of an engine, showing the piston arm pushing down and around the crankshaft to turn the wheels. Beerbohm repeated this shape eight times across the span of the image in the muscular arms of the men who build the cars. The different parts and processes of the factory surround these workers who are like the motor's piston and its connecting arm, at the very heart of the enterprise. The WPA commissioned thousands of images like this, not only to encourage blue-collar workers but to help the nation's artists feel that they were a vital part of America's workforce.Exhibition Label, Smithsonian American Art Museum, 2006
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, 1st Floor, South Wing
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Nude Figure

Artist:
Sidney Loeb, born Chicago, IL 1904-died Williamstown, MA 1972
Medium:
plaster
Dimensions:
31 x 12 1/4 x 7 3/4 in. (78.7 x 31.1 x 19.7 cm)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
ca. 1936-1940
Topic:
Figure female\nude
Figure female\knee length
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\Illinois
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Louis Cheskin
Object number:
1977.42.7
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Fence Post

Artist:
LeRoy Robbins, born St. Louis, MO 1904-1987
Medium:
gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
sheet: 7 x 8 7/8 in. (17.8 x 22.5 cm.)
Type:
Photography-Photoprint
Date:
1936
Topic:
Architecture\detail\fence
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\California
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase made possible by Dr. Frederick R. Wulson, Miss Ellen R. Wheeler, Florence Adele Wetmore and Wells M. Sawyer
Object number:
1990.12.2
Copyright Credit Line:
© 1936, Leroy Robbins
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Untitled

Artist:
Patrociño Barela, born Bisbee, AZ ca. 1900-died Canon, NM 1964
Medium:
carved and stained pine
Dimensions:
21 5/8 x 44 1/4 x 1 3/4 in. (54.9 x 112.4 x 4.5 cm.)
Type:
Sculpture-Relief
Folk Art
Date:
ca. 1935-1943
Topic:
Miscellaneous\map\Tokyo Bay
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New Mexico
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the General Services Administration
Object number:
1985.65.10
Description:
Patrociño Barela carved several relief sculptures for the Works Progress Administration during the 1930s and ‘40s. This piece was possibly inspired by Japanese involvement in the outbreak of World War II, especially the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Barela carved a rough map of Tokyo Bay, with writing to indicate areas such as “Government Embassy,” “hospital” and “factory district.” The “American Docks and Freight” suggests that Barela hoped American forces would soon invade and occupy Japanese territory.
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center, 3rd Floor, 24B
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center, 3rd Floor
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Stuart Davis, New York, N.Y. letter to Rockwell Kent

Creator:
Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964
Kent, Rockwell, 1892-1964
Subject:
Davis, Stuart
Kent, Rockwell
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano)
American Artists' Congress
Works Progress Administration
Great Depression
Physical description:
Letter : 1 p. : signed
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1938 May 5
Topic:
Federal aid to the arts
New Deal, 1933-1939
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11058
See more items in:
Rockwell Kent papers, [circa 1840]-1993, bulk 1935-1961
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
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Scrapbook of Works Progress Administration

Creator:
Force, Juliana, 1876-1948
Physical description:
Scrapbook : 70 p. : b&w ; 40 x 32 cm.
Type:
Albums
Date:
1933-1934
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6220
Summary:
40 x 32 cm. closed 40 x 62 cm. open
See more items in:
Whitney Museum of American Art, Juliana Force papers, 1916-1958
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
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Untitled

Artist:
Patrociño Barela, born Bisbee, AZ ca. 1900-died Canon, NM 1964
Medium:
carved and stained fir
Dimensions:
12 1/4 x 44 1/4 x 3 in. (31.1 x 112.4 x 7.6 cm.)
Type:
Sculpture-Relief
Folk Art
Date:
ca. 1935-1943
Topic:
Animal\bird
Figure group\male\bust
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New Mexico
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the General Services Administration
Object number:
1985.65.7
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Los Privados

Artist:
Pedro Cervántez, born Wilcox, AZ 1915
Medium:
oil on fiberboard
Dimensions:
14 3/4 x 19 3/4 in. (37.5 x 50.2 cm.)
Type:
Painting
Folk Art
Date:
1937
Topic:
Occupation\domestic\laundry
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New Mexico
Architecture Exterior\domestic\bathroom
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the General Services Administration
Object number:
1985.65.13
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Beginning the Day

Artist:
Louis Lozowick, born Ludvinovka, Russia 1892-died South Orange, NJ 1973
Medium:
drypoint on paper
Dimensions:
plate: 7 7/8 x 9 7/8 in. (20.1 x 25.1 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1940
Topic:
Waterscape\boat
Architecture\boat\tugboat
Waterscape\time\morning
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New York City
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Adele Lozowick
Object number:
1988.65.1
Copyright Credit Line:
© 1940, Lee Lozowick
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Dusk

Artist:
Louis Lozowick, born Ludvinovka, Russia 1892-died South Orange, NJ 1973
Medium:
color woodcut on paper
Dimensions:
image: 6 x 8 1/8 in. (15.3 x 20.5 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1940
Topic:
Waterscape\boat
Architecture\boat\tugboat
Waterscape\time\evening
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New York City
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Adele Lozowick
Object number:
1988.65.7
Copyright Credit Line:
© 1940, Lee Lozowick
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Fresh from the Sea

Artist:
Louis Lozowick, born Ludvinovka, Russia 1892-died South Orange, NJ 1973
Medium:
woodcut on paper
Dimensions:
image: 8 x 8 3/8 in. (20.2 x 21.4 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1940
Topic:
Figure male
Cityscape\New York\New York
Cityscape\wharf
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New York City
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Adele Lozowick
Object number:
1988.65.8
Copyright Credit Line:
© 1940, Lee Lozowick
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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O'Higgins Team

Artist:
Louis Lozowick, born Ludvinovka, Russia 1892-died South Orange, NJ 1973
Medium:
lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
image: 8 7/8 x 11 in. (22.5 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1939
Topic:
Landscape\mountain
Animal\horse
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New York City
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Adele Lozowick
Object number:
1982.59.11
Copyright Credit Line:
© 1939, Lee Lozowick
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Roof and Street

Artist:
Louis Lozowick, born Ludvinovka, Russia 1892-died South Orange, NJ 1973
Medium:
lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
image: 7 1/2 x 11 1/8 in. (19.1 x 28.1 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1938
Topic:
Occupation\industry\construction
Figure(s) in exterior\industry
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New York City
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Adele Lozowick
Object number:
1988.65.20
Copyright Credit Line:
© 1938, Lee Lozowick
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Roofs and Sky

Artist:
Louis Lozowick, born Ludvinovka, Russia 1892-died South Orange, NJ 1973
Medium:
screenprint on paper
Dimensions:
image: 10 x 13 in. (25.4 x 33.0 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1939
Topic:
Cityscape
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New York City
Architecture Exterior\detail\roof
Architecture Exterior\commercial\skyscraper
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Adele Lozowick
Object number:
1988.65.4
Copyright Credit Line:
© 1939, Lee Lozowick
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Two Women

Artist:
Si Gordon, born 1908-died 1952
Medium:
patinated plaster
Dimensions:
11 3/4 x 4 3/8 x 5 7/8 in. (29.8 x 11.2 x 15.0 cm)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1930-1939
Topic:
Figure group\female
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project?\Illinois?
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Louis Cheskin
Object number:
1977.42.4
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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Mother and Child

Artist:
Mario Ubaldi, born Monarch, WY 1912
Medium:
plaster
Dimensions:
31 1/2 x 8 1/2 x 5 1/2 in. (80.0 x 21.7 x 14.0 cm)
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
1930-1940
Topic:
Figure group\family\mother and child
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project?\Illinois?
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Louis Cheskin
Object number:
1977.42.10
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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