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Philip Guston's mural Work - the American way at the 1939 New York World's Fair

Photographer:
Robbins, David
Subject:
Works Progress Administration
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 20 x 25 cm.
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1939 May 4
Summary:
Identification on attachment (typewritten): This mural by Philip Guston at the entrance of the WPA Community Building at the World's Fair is a symbol to convey the idea of "WPA in its relationship to the community", executed under the direction of the Federal Art Project, it serves to announce the theme of the other murals within the building.
Note on verso identifies Robbins as photographer, working for Federal Art Project, W.P.A., Photographic Division.
Topic:
Murals
New deal art
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11189
See more items in:
Hugo Gellert papers, 1916-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

Additional Online Media:

A life class for adults at the Brooklyn Museum, under the auspice of the New York City WPA Art Project

Subject:
United States. Works Progress Administration
United States. Works Projects Administration
Works Progress Administration
Great Depression
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 20 x 26 cm.
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Brooklyn, N.Y.
Date:
ca. 1935
Topic:
Art--Study and teaching
Federal aid to the arts
New Deal, 1933-1939
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11039
See more items in:
Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection, circa 1920-1965, bulk 1935-1942
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

Additional Online Media:

Artists on WPA

Artist:
Moses Soyer, born Borisoglebsk, Russia 1899-died New York City 1974
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
36 1/8 x 42 1/8 in. (91.7 x 107.0 cm.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1935
Topic:
Figure group
Occupation\art\painter
Figure group\artist and model
History\United States\Depression Era
Figure(s) in interior\studio
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New York City
Object\furniture\chair
Object\art tool\palette
Object\art tool\artist's brush
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Moses Soyer
Object number:
1968.61
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, 1st Floor, South Wing
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Employment and Activities poster for the WPA's Federal Art Project

Creator:
Works Progress Administration
Physical description:
1 poster
Type:
Printed/Published Materials
Date:
1936
Topic:
Depressions
Federal aid to the arts
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11772
See more items in:
Federal Art Project, Photographic Division collection, circa 1920-1965, bulk 1935-1942
Data Source:
Archives of American Art

Additional Online Media:

Untitled (detail of figure: historic survey panel, mural study, Cultural Activities of the WPA, WPA Building, New York World's Fair, 1939)

Artist:
Anton Refregier, born Moscow, Russia 1905-died Moscow, Russia 1979
Medium:
oil on paper
Dimensions:
sight 53 1/2 x 47 1/2 in. (38.5 x 20.7 cm.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1939
Topic:
Figure male
Study
Miscellaneous\mural
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New York City
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Lila Refregier
Object number:
1979.45.8
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

First Color Study, Exhibition Hall, Community Center, New York World's Fair (perspective sketch for mural, Cultural Activities in the WPA, WPA Building)

Artist:
Anton Refregier, born Moscow, Russia 1905-died Moscow, Russia 1979
Medium:
oil and pencil on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 20 x 15 1/8 in. (50.8 x 38.3 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1938
Topic:
Figure group
Study
History\United States\1939 World's Fair
New Deal\Works Progress Administration, Federal Art Project\New York City
Architecture Interior\civic\community center
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the artist
Object number:
1979.45.7
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Insignia, 6th Pursuit Squadron, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps (USAAC); 6th Pursuit Squadron insignia; blue masonite board with yellow circle' in its middle is a skull and rotating propeller blades around it.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057002
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Insignia, 96th Bombardment Squadron, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps (USAAC); 96th Bombardment Squadron; dark blue masonit with a black triangle with a white boarder; in the tringle bright orange demon, holding a white aerial bomb in its right hand.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057004
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Insignia, 13th Attack Squadron, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) 13th Attack Squadron insignia; blue masonite board with running skeleton and bloody scythe in black circle.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057005
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Insignia, 90th Attack Squadron, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) 90th Attack Squadron insignia; blue masonite with two red dice with white dot faces.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057006
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Insignia, 70th Service Squadron, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) 70th Service Squadron insignia; dark blue masonite with a white moon rise depicted in the background; a black shadowed profile of a person releasing a bird.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057008
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Insignia, 4th Photo Section, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) 4th Photo Section insignia; blue Masonite with centered white circle; 4 aerial cameras form a compass.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057009
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Insignia, 2nd Balloon Company, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) 2nd Balloon Company insignia; blue masonite with white circle; white observation balloon with seven golden stars above it inside the circle.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057011
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Insignia, 12th Observation Group, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps 12th Observation Group insignia; enamel on masonite; hunter green background; Canadian goose depicted; navy blue ring with yellow edge band and yellow letter text "OBSERVE AND REPORT"; white center disc.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057012
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Insignia, 49th Bombardment Group, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps 49th Bombardment Group insignia; enamel on masonite; silver background with a wolf's head depicted; the wolf's head is surrounded by two concentric blue rings.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057013
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Insignia, Hawaiian Squadron, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps Hawaiian Squadron insignia; United States bald eagle national seal depicted with a center shield over its chest divided per pale nebuly, winged skull depicted on the shield.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057015
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Insignia, 118th Observation Squadron, United States Army Air Corps

Sponsor:
Works Progress Administration
Materials:
Overall: Enamel on Masonite Board
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 61 x 61cm (24 x 24 in.)
Type:
AWARDS-Insignia
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Physical Description:
United States Army Air Corps 118th Observation Squadron Connecticut National Guard insignia; enamel on masonite; hunter green background; the Connecticut Colonial secretary depicted running with the colonial charter in his hand; yellow background disc with black edge.
Summary:
This series of United States Army Air Corps and United States Navy insignia was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program. Paul Garber directed the painting of these insignia. They were originally on display in the aeronautical section of the Smithsonian "Tin Shed".
Credit Line:
Sponsored by the Works Progress Administration
Inventory Number:
A19360057014
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Architectural History of the Smithsonian National Zoological Park, 1889-1992

Subject:
Harris, Albert L
Clark, Edward 1822-1902
Emerson, William Ralph 1833-1917
Hornaday, William Temple 1854-1937
Mann, William M. 1886-1960
Olmsted, Frederick Law 1822-1903
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Elephant House
Holt House
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Lion House
Amazonia House
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Construction
Federal Art Project
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Reptile House
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Carnivora House
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Early History
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Buildings
National Zoological Park (U.S.)
Amazonia Exhibit
Date:
1889-1992
Category:
Chronology of Smithsonian History
Notes:
Ewing, H., & Ballard, A. (2009). A guide to Smithsonian architecture. Washington: Smithsonian Books.
Summary:
The Smithsonian National Zoological Park was founded in 1889, after Smithsonian taxidermist (and Curator of Living Animals) William Temple Hornaday (1854-1937) witnessed the near extinction of the American Bison, causing him to become committed to animal conservation.
The oldest building on the zoo grounds is known as Holt House, and was on the grounds prior to the National Zoo acquiring the land. Holt House is believed to have been built in the early 19th century, and is one of the oldest examples of Neoclassical architecture in Washington, DC.
The park was designed by Frederick Law Olmstead, one of the most famous and successful landscape architects of the time. Fellow Massachusetts architect William Ralph Emerson designed many of the early zoo buildings including the rustic Buffalo Barn and the Carnivora House (Lion House).
The early buildings evoked the natural surroundings, utilizing local materials such as wood and Rock Creek gray gneiss stone. The buildings were simple stone or log cabin style.
Between 1925 and 1956, under the direction of William M. Mann (1886-1960), the National Zoo acquired thousands of new animals, requiring many new buildings. It was during this time that most of the buildings that survive today were built. Buildings erected during this time were designed by the Municipal Architect of Washington. Buildings of this time per iod were also constructed utilizing local materials, but were adorned with sculptures and animal imagery, both inside and out. Many of the buildings and the art displayed were funded under the New Deal programs including the federal Works Progress Administration.
The 1931 Reptile House was designed in Byzanto-Romanesque style, and features semi-circular arches and a symmetrical rectangular design. The 1992 Amazonian Building features architecture meant to mimic that natural ecosystem of a tropical rain forest. Like the Amazonia Building, most of the buildings at the National Zoo do not fit in to particular architectural styles.
Contact information:
Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu
Topic:
Landscape architecture
New Deal, 1933-1939
Architecture, Romanesque
Architecture--Washington (D.C.)
Architecture, Neoclassical
Zoos
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div

Crosses

Artist:
Charles Barrows, born Washington, PA 1903-died 1989
Medium:
lithograph on paper
Dimensions:
plate: 9 7/8 x 15 in. (25.2 x 38.1 cm)
Type:
Graphic Arts-Print
Date:
1937
Topic:
Landscape\mountain
Landscape\cemetery
New Deal\Works Progress Administration
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the General Services Administration
Object number:
1985.65.11
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Lava Moods

Artist:
Kenneth Downer, active ca. 1940s
Medium:
gouache on paper
Dimensions:
sheet: 18 1/2 x 24 3/8 in. (47.0 x 61.8 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
ca. 1940
Topic:
Landscape\imaginary
New Deal\Works Progress Administration
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the General Services Administration
Object number:
1985.65.16
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

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