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Frederick Douglass Patterson papers

Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988  Search this
Phelps-Stokes Fund  Search this
Tuskegee Institute  Search this
United Negro College Fund  Search this
Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943  Search this
Moton, Robert Russa, 1867-1940  Search this
Patterson, Frederick D. (Frederick Douglass), 1901-1988  Search this
18.66 Linear feet (21 boxes)
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic prints
Legal documents
1882 - 1988
President of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (later Tukegee Institute; now Tuskegee University) from 1935 - 1953 and founder of the United Negro College Fund (1944). Patterson was born on October 10, 1901. Orphaned at age two, he was raised by his eldest sister, Wilhelmina (Bess), a school teacher in Texas. He studied at Iowa State College, where he received a doctorate in veterinary medicine in 1923 and a master of science degree in 1927. Five years later, he was awarded a second doctorate degree from Cornell University. Patterson taught veterinary science for four years at Virginia State College, where he was also Director of Agriculture. His tenure at Tuskegee University started in 1928 and spanned almost 25 years, first as head of the veterinary division, then as the director of the School of Agriculture and finally as Tuskegee's third president. He married Catherine Elizabeth Moton, daughter of Tuskegee University's second president, Dr. Robert R. Moton. Patterson also founded the School of Veterinary Medicine at Tuskegee in 1944, the same year he founded the United Negro College Fund (UNCF). The UNCF continues today as a critical source of annual income for a consortium of Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Tuskegee University among them.
Scope and Content note:
The Frederick Douglass Patterson Collection comprises 18.66 linear feet of correspondence, manuscripts, research material, published writings, photographs, audiovisual material, scrapbooks, diplomas, awards, and other materials chronicling the personal life and professional career of Frederick D. Patterson.

The collection is comprised of glimpses into the life of Dr. Patterson. The little correspondece that survived is located in Series 2: Career, Series 3: Correspondence, and Series 4: Organizations. Some of the correspondence takes the form of congratulatory notes from 1953 during Patterson's transfer from Tuskegee Institute to the Phelps-Stokes Fund, located in Series 2. There is also a personal note sent to Patterson's wife, Catherine Patterson, from George Washington Carver in which he describes peanut oil as a good massage oil.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged by series and chronologically therein:

1. Biography: This series provides insight into Patterson's family life through primary documents. It is comprised of family wills, insurance policies, and his autobiography. Sub-series are arranged alphabetically by title.

2. Career: This series contains materials from Patterson's long professional career in the field of higher education, including his tenure as present of both the Tuskegee Institute and the Phelps-Stokes Fund. Sub-series are arranged chronologically.

3. Correspondence: This series contains letters sent to Patterson (and his wife) of a personal and professional nature. Several letters relate to Patterson's personal business "Signs and Services," which was a small billboard advertising company. There are also letters from George Washington Carver. The series is arranged chronologically. 4. Organizations: This series contains material from the various foundations Patterson founded and to which he belonged, including the R.R. Moton Fund and the College Endowment Funding Plan. He is especially noted for developing the United Negro College Fund. The series is organized alphabetically by sub-series title.

5. Honors: This series contains the awards, citations, and resolutions Patterson received during his lifetime. Folders are organized chronologically. 6. Subject Files: This series comprises articles, employee vitas, and other documents collected and organized by Patterson. Among the subjects in the files are higher education, Negroes, segregation, civil rights, and employee records. There is no key to this system.

7. Photographs: The Photograph series mostly documents Patterson's tenure at Tuskegee University. The series includes images of Patterson and various other notable figures during formal functions at the university. Noteworthy personalities include George Washington Carver, Eleanor and Franklin D. Roosevelt, and President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.

8. Printed Materials: This series contains books, programs, and other documents from Patterson's personal collection. The series is organized alphabetically by author's last name.
Biographical note:
Frederick Douglass Patterson was born on October 10, 1901 to parents William and Mamie Brooks Patterson, in the Buena Vista Heights area of Anacostia in Washington, D.C. The youngest of six children, Patterson's parents died of tuberculosis before he reached the age of two years, his mother when he was eleven months old and his father a year later. Following his parents' death, the Patterson children were split up and sent to live in the homes of family and friends as stipulated in his father's last will and testament until he was seven years old, Patterson lived in the Anacostia area with a family friend he called "Aunt Julia."

When he was seven years old, Patterson's older sister Bess (a recent graduate of the Washington Conservatory of Music) decided to seek employment in Texas and took him with her. Many of their parents' family still lived in the state, which allowed Patterson the opportunity to spend months with various aunts and uncles, while his sister taught music throughout the South. After completing eighth grade, Patterson joined his sister at the Prairie View Normal School, where she taught music and directed the choir. Patterson attended the school for four years, during which time he developed an interest in veterinary medicine.

In 1920, Patterson enrolled at Iowa State College as a veterinary student. He graduated in 1923 and moved to Columbus, Ohio, to join his brother John. While there, he took the Ohio State Board exam for Veterinary Medicine. Although he became certified, a lack of money prevented him from practicing. Four years later he received a teaching offer from Virginia State College (VSC) in Petersburg, Virginia, which afforded him the opportunity to work within his profession. While at VSC Patterson took a leave of absence and returned to Iowa, in 1926, to pursue a Master's degree in veterinary medicine.

After five years at VSC, the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute offered Patterson a position running the veterinarian hospital and teaching veterinary science. He moved to Tuskegee, Alabama in 1928. While at Tuskegee, Patterson decided to pursue a Ph.D. in bacteriology at Cornell University. During his year and a half leave from Tuskegee, Patterson completed his coursework and wrote his dissertation. After he returned to Tuskegee, a serial killer murdered three people, including the head of the Department of Agriculture. Confronted with this tragedy, school officials quickly offered Patterson the vacant position, which he accepted in 1934.

Robert R. Moton, second president of Tuskegee, retired in 1935 and a search was soon commenced to find the next president for the school. Patterson, in the meantime, pursued more personal matters when he met and married Catherine Moton (with whom he would have a son) in June 1935. By then he was already hired to take his now, father-in-law's, position as President of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute.

As president of Tuskegee, Patterson made several changes and many additions to the institution. He increased faculty housing for professors; integrated the Board of Trustees' meeting meals and eventually arranged for both balck and white members to eat at one table; shortened the name to Tuskegee Institute; and established the Department of Commercial Dietetics in 1935, the veterinary medicine program in 1942, and the engineering program in 1948. While many considered Patterson's changes important achievements, it was his development of the Commercial/Military Aviation Program that would bring the school distinction and fame.

Patterson first attempted to develop the aviation program in 1939. The government fostered the development of such programs by subsiding the expenses. All a university had to do was present able-bodied instructors and willing pupils. Tuskegee had both. By 1940 the United States Air Force was interested in integrating its forces. In order to do this they needed trained black pilots. Tuskegee was the perfect place to provide the needed pilots since the school was situated in an all-black environment where students could concentrate on learning to fly without having to worry about racist reactions from their fellow classmates. To accommodate this program, the Tuskegee Army Air Base was created. Tuskegee pilots flew missions throughout World War II and would later be recognized for their bravery.

An important part of Patterson's duties as president was fund-raising. By 1943 he found it increasingly difficult to find ample sources of funds to run the Institute. He came to realize Tuskegee and similar black colleges would benefit if they pooled their funding resources and asked for larger amounts of money from philanthropic individuals and organizations as a collective. Working together would cut fund-raising expenses; this in turn would leave more money for the colleges to use as they wished. Patterson named his new creation the United Negro College Fund (UNCF); it would go on to raise millions of dollars for the nation's historically black colleges. He served as the first president of the organization.

During the fifteen years Patterson served as president of Tuskegee, he hosted many famous personalities, including W.E.B. DuBois, Mary McLeod Bethune, Eleanor Roosevelt, Duke Ellington, Paul Robeson, Pearl Buck, and Andre Segovia. He developed a lasting relationship with George Washington Carver, who had been a professor with Tuskegee since the days of Booker T. Washington.

Patterson served on many organizational boards in addition to his educational work. His involvement with the Phelps-Stokes Fund would ultimately lead Patterson to leave his beloved Tuskegee Institute to apply his educational philosophies on a broader scale. In 1953 the Fund approached Patterson and offered him the presidency of the organization. Patterson, feeling he needed a change, accepted the offer. He resigned from Tuskegee that same year and moved to New York to begin a new life.

Organized in 1911, the Phelps-Stokes Fund supported African, African American, and Native American education and worked on solving housing problems in New York City. Patterson's interest in African education began before he joined Phelps-Stokes. In 1950 the World Bank/International Bank Commission to Nigeria hired him to "evaluate the resources of Nigeria and…to study the educational programs and the organizational structure of advanced education." Through his work with the Fund he continued his efforts to improve the educational opportunities for Africans and help them move beyond colonialism. Patterson traveled extensively throughout the west coast of Africa in support of these goals.

In addition to forming the UNCF, Patterson created two other organizations (the Robert R. Moton Institute and the College Endowment Funding Plan), during the mid 1960s and 1970s. Each was designed to improve funding efforts for historically black colleges. The Robert R. Moton institute began as an off-shoot of the Phelps-Stokes as a site for conferences to address the Fund's primary concerns. Patterson's idea for the Institute came from a desire to put to use a piece of property inherited after Moton's death. Empathy with the frustrations of college presidents regarding the restricted funding for institutional expenses led Patterson to create the College Endowment Funding Plan. The Endowment was designed to alleviate this situation by providing matching funds to eligible colleges. The Endowment made its first payment in 1978. Unfortunately, by the 1980s, the Moton Institute lost most of its government funding due to federal cutbacks. This resulted in reductions to the Institute's programming.

It was not until Patterson was well into his eighties that he began to retire from his life of public service. On June 23, 1987, President Ronald Reagan presented Dr. Patterson with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest possible honor that can be bestowed upon a civilian, for his service in higher education and his role in creating funding sources for the nation's historically black colleges. A year later Frederick Douglass Patterson died at the age of eighty-seven.

Honorary Degrees

undated -- Xavier University

1941 -- Virginia State College

1941 -- Wilberforce University

1953 -- Morehouse College

1956 -- Tuskegee Institute

1961 -- New York University

1966 -- Edward Waters College

1967 -- Atlanta University

1969 -- Franklin and Marshall College

1970 -- Virginia Union University

1975 -- Bishop College

1977 -- St. Augustine's College

1982 -- Brooklyn College of the City University of New York

1984 -- Stillman College

1985 -- Payne College


undated -- Association for the Study of Negro Life and History Carter

undated -- The Southern Education Foundation, Inc. Distinguished Service Citation

undated -- The United Negro College Fund (UNCF) and Texas Association of Developing Colleges Annual Leadership Awards

1950 -- Christian Education department, African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, Inc. Citation for Distinguished Service

1953 -- Bethune-Cookman College, the Mary McLeod Bethune Medallion

1953 -- John A. Andrew Clinical Society at Tuskegee Institute, Citation for Distinguished Service in the Cause of Humanity

1953 -- Tuskegee Institute, Certificate of Appreciation for 25 Years of Service

1957 -- Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. Beta Lamda Sigma Chapter, Bigger and Better Business Award

1960 -- National Alumni Council of the UNCF, Inc. Award

1963 -- National Business League, Booker T. Washington Award

1965 -- Booker T. Washington Business Association, Certificate of Acknowledgement

1970 -- Moton Conference Center Award

1970 -- Tuskegee National Alumni Association, R.R. Moton Award

1972 -- American College Public Relations Association, 1972 Award for Distinguished Service to Higher Education

1972 -- UNCF F.D. Patterson 71st Birthday Award

1975 -- National Business League, Booker T. Washington Symbol of Service Award

1976 -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Continuous Creative and Courageous Leadership in the Cause of Higher Education for Blacks

1977 -- Yale Alumni Associates of Afro-America, Distinguished Service Award

1979 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Education Foundation Inc., Distinguished Educator Award

1979 -- Tuskegee Institute Alumni Association Philadelphia Charter Award

1980 -- The Iowa State University Alumni Association, Distinguished Achievement Citation

1980 -- Gary Branch NAACP Life Membership Fight for Freedom Dinner 1980, Roy Wilkins Award

1980 -- State of Alabama Certificate of Appreciation

1982 -- St. Luke's United Methodist Church Achievement Award

1983 -- Tuskegee Airmen, Inc., Distinguished Service Award

1984 -- Booker T. Washington Foundation, Booker T. Washington Distinguished Service Award

1984 -- The Ohio State University Office of Minority Affairs, Distinguished Humanitarian and Service Award

1985 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc, Eta Zeta Lamda Chapter Civic Award

1985 -- United States, Private Sector Initiative Commendation

1987 -- Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc of New York State, Founders Day Award

1987 -- Presidential Medal of Freedom

1987 -- Brag Business Achievement Award

1987 -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Aggrey Medal

Public Service

1941-1971 -- Southern Educational Foundation, Inc., Board Member

1943-1988 -- United Negro College Fund, Founder, President, and Member

1960s-1988 -- Robert R. Moton Memorial Institute, Founder

1970s-1988 -- The College Endowment Funding Plan, Founder

undated -- American National Red Cross, Board of Governors Member

undated -- Boys Scouts of America, National Council Member

undated -- Citizens Committee for the Hoover Report on Reorganization of Federal Government, Board Member

undated -- Institute of International Education, Advisory committee Member

undated -- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Life Member

undated -- National Business League, President and Board Member

undated -- National Urban League, National Committee Member

undated -- Phelps-Stokes Fund, Board of Trustees Member

undated -- President's Commission on Higher Education for Negroes

undated -- Southern Regional Education, Board of Control Member
Related Materials:
Additional biographical materials in the Dale/Patterson Collection of the Anacostia Community Museum Archives.

This collection contains artifacts catalogued in the ACM Objects Collection.
The Frederick Douglass Patterson papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in 2001 by Frederick Douglass Patterson, Jr.
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment:
The Frederick Douglass Patterson papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Universities and colleges -- Administration  Search this
African Americans -- Education (Higher)  Search this
African American universities and colleges  Search this
Photographic prints
Legal documents
Frederick Douglass Patterson papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Frederick Douglass Patterson, Jr.
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Frederick Douglass Patterson papers
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
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Biographical Material

Collection Creator:
Barnard, George Grey, 1863-1938  Search this
0.25 Linear feet (Boxes 1 and 15)
Archival materials
circa 1888-1955
Scope and Contents note:
This series records George Grey Barnard's personal biography, family genealogy, friends, and associations. Files contain address books; biographical notes written for reference resources such as Who's Who, National Social Blue Book, Cyclopedia of American Biography; family genealogies and family histories; legal documents such as George Grey Barnard's and his wife Edna's last will and testament, and the sale of land to Metropolitan Museum of Art; a diploma belonging to his father Rev. Joseph Barnard; ephemera including membership cards; and a set of unidentified hand prints. Lists of "prospects" include individuals whom Barnard identified as likely clients for his own sculpture, for the medieval art and artifacts that he sold to prominent museums and collectors, or for those likely to offer to contribute financial assistance to aid in the completion of his war memorial, Rainbow Arch. There is also a select list of his funeral attendees and miscellaneous additional data about "the Monastary" (Abbaye).
Arrangement note:
Biographical materials are arranged alphabetically according to material type and then chronologically within the files.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The George Grey Barnard papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
George Grey Barnard papers, circa 1860-1969, bulk 1880-1938. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
AAA.barngeor, Series 1
See more items in:
George Grey Barnard papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art

Racial borders : Black soldiers along the Rio Grande / James N. Leiker

Leiker, James N. 1962-  Search this
United States Army African American troops History  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 241 p., [8] p. of plates : ill., map ; 25 cm
Mexican-American Border Region
Texas, South
United States
19th century
African American soldiers--History  Search this
Nationalism--Social aspects--History  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries

Indian affairs and the administrative state in the nineteenth century / Stephen J. Rockwell

Rockwell, Stephen J. 1966-  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 362 p. ; 24 cm
United States
19th century
Indians of North America--Government relations--History  Search this
Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc--History  Search this
Federal government--History  Search this
Administrative agencies--History  Search this
Territorial expansion  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Ethnic relations  Search this
Political aspects  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries


Collection Creator:
Kadish, Reuben, 1913-1992  Search this
2.5 Linear feet (Boxes 1-3)
Archival materials
1934-1995, undated
Scope and Contents note:
Letters found here are from friends and colleagues including Herman Cherry, Philip Guston, Hilaire Hiler, Jules Langsner, Urban Neininger, Charles Pollock, and Jackson Pollock. One letter from the Leonard Stark family contains a small photograph of Georgia O'Keeffe. Some of the folders contain letters from a single correspondent, and some contain a range of correspondents, all of whom are not listed in the folder title.

See Appendix for a list of correspondents from Series 2.
Arrangement note:
The letters are arranged alphabetically by name of sender.
Appendix: Correspondents from Series 2:
What follows is a complete list of correspondents from Series 2: Letters, which supplements the container list in the finding aid. This list also contains details about the letters sent by each individual listed.

Correspondents Identified by First Name Only

Ab: 1962 (1 postcard)

Alice: 1972-1974 (2 letters)

Barb: undated (1 postcard)

Carleen: 1982 (1 postcard)

Carlotta: 1992 (1 letter to Jenny Lee)

Carol: 1989 (1 letter)

Cathy: undated (1 postcard)

Charley: undated (1 letter)

Clary?: 1995 (1 Christmas card to Jenny Lee)

Clay: 1971 (1 postcard)

Diana: 1971 (1 postcard)

Dolores: 1989 (1 letter)

Doug, Sarah, Molly, and Sam: undated (1 letter)

E., D., and L.: 1990 (1 postcard)

Eddie: 1992 (1 illustrated Christmas card)

Edward: undated (1 postcard)

Ernie: 1980 (1 letter)

Grace?: 1972 (1 postcard)

Honey, Francis, Nick, and Carol: 1995(1 Christmas card to Jenny Lee)

Isabelle: undated (1 letter)

Jeanne: 1987 (2 postcards)

Jeff: undated (1 postcard)

Jeffery: 1979 (1 postcard)

Jennifer: 1987 (1 postcard)

Jim: 1976 (1 letter)

Jin: undated (1 postcard)

Joanna: undated (1 postcard)

Joyce: 1992 (1 postcard)

Kate: 1972 (1 postcard)

Ken and Freida: 1972-1986 (2 letters)

Marina and Bruce: 1987-1989 (1 Christmas card and 2 postcards)

Marion: 1978 (1 postcard)

Martin: 1989-1990 (2 postcards)

Michael: 1985 (1 postcard)

Moira?: 1980 (1 postcard)

Ninette: 1962 (1 postcard)

Patsy: 1985 (1 postcard)

Rene: 1977 (1 postcard)

Roberta: undated (1 postcard)

Robyn: 1988-1989 (2 letters)

Roger and Harriet: undated (1 illustrated postcard)

Ross: 1990 (1 letter)

Sevin?: undated (1 postcard)

Steve: undated and 1994 (4 postcards)

Tom: undated (1 postcard)

Tony: 1978 (1 letter)

Wolfgang: undated (1 postcard)

Correspondents Identified by Surname

Advanced Design: 1989 (1 letter)

Agee, Jon and Carol: undated and 1982-1991 (6 letters, including 2 transparencies and 2 illustrated letters)

Albert, Calvin: 1974 (one postcard with photograph of Albert)

Allan Frumkin Gallery, Inc.: see Frumkin: Allan Frumkin Gallery, Inc.

Allison, Ann: 1964-1976 (2 letters)

American Art and Antiquities: 1978 (1 letter)

American Iris Society: 1988 (1 letter)

American Journal of Archaeology: 1970 (1 letter)

American National Red Cross: 1947 (1 letter)

American Turkish Society: 1973 (1 invitation)

Ames, Arthur: 1938 (1 letter)

AOI Construction, Inc.: 1986 (1 letter)

Archaeological Institute of America, New York Society: 1979 (5 letters)

Archaeometry: 1979 (1 letter)

Archives of American Art: 1976-1991 (5 letters)

Archives of the New York School: 1989 (1 letter)

Art Dealers Association of America, Inc.: 1979 (1 letter)

Art Edifices Enterprises: 1976-1979 (2 letters)

Art for Mexico: 1986 (1 letter)

Art in America: undated (1 letter)

Artists for CORE: 1965 (1 letter)

Artists for SEDF

(Scholarship, Education and Defense Fund for Racial Equality, Inc.): 1967-1968 (3 letters)

Arts Commission of San Francisco: 1988 (1 letter)

Aruz, Joanna: 1972-1986 (4 letters)

Ashford: 1 undated photograph of children

Ashton, Dore and Matti: undated (1 illustrated postcard to Jenny Lee)

Atasoy, Sumer: undated and 1970-1972 (3 letters)

Auerbach, Dorthy: 1989-1990 (2 letters)

Australian National Gallery: see Graham, Lanier

Axe, Martin: undated and 1985-1987 (3 letters)

B., F.: 1964 (1 postcard)

Barger, Illia: 1989 (1 letter including a photograph of an art work)

Barnes Foundation: 1985 (1 letter)

Barnett: David Barnett Gallery: 1971-1973 (4 letters, including a photograph of art work by Kadish)

Barnoya, Miguel Benedict: 1982 (1 letter)

Baskin, David: 1991 (1 letter with illustrated envelope and 6 picture postcards)

Beckmann, Hannes: 1969 (1 letter)

Beeblitz, Patricia: 1972 (1 letter)

Bell, Leland: see Parsons School of Design

Benson, Elaine M.. (Benson Gallery): 1975 (1 letter and 1 postcard)

Berns, Lea: 1964 (1 postcard)

Biddle, George: 1943 (1 telegram)

Bigman, Stephanie: 1963 (1 letter)

Bilimer, Sudiba: 1971 (1 letter)

Binh: Madame Binh Graphics Collective: 1980 (1 letter); see Kadish, Reuben

Blane, Marc: 1978 (1 postcard)

Bloom, Charles L.: 1938 (envelope only)

Blum, Judy: 1967 (1 postcard)

Board of Education, Newark, N.J.: 1957 (1 letter)

Bohen, Barbara: 1973 (1 letter)

Borgenicht: Grace Borgenicht Gallery, Inc.: 1977-1993 (16 letters)

Borgenicht, Lois: see Reim, Johannes

Bourne, Robert B.: 1989-1992 (5 letters)

Braczyk, Robert: 1982-1987 (2 letters containing an exhibition announcement and 2 photographs of art work)

Brandt, Warren: 1973-1981 (1 letter and 1 exhibition announcement)

Braunstein, V.: undated (1 letter)

Briggs, Eta and A.: undated and 1962-1969 (3 letters)

Bromberg, Prof. (State University College, New Paltz, N.Y.): see Kadish, Reuben

Brooklyn Botanic Garden: 1979 (2 letters)

Brooklyn Museum: 1961 (1 letter)

Budnik, Dan: undated and 1989 (1 postcard and 1 exhibition announcement)

Burchfield, Joe and Diana: undated (1 Christmas card)

Burne, Bob: 1985-1986 (2 Christmas cards)

Buto, Gian: undated (1 postcard)

Cadwalader, Stephen: 1984-1991 (5 letters)

Canizaro, James T.: undated and 1966 (2 letters)

Capper's Frames & Prints, Inc.: 1967 (1 letter)

Carlsson Gallery, Inc.: 1966 (1 letter)

Carnegie Institute: 1962 (1 letter)

Carpenter, Scott: undated and 1988-1990 (4 letters)

Carrara, Dominique: 1988 (1 postcard)

Cashen, J. F.: undated (1 letter)

CDS Gallery: 1995 (envelope only; addressed to Jenny Lee)

Century Gallery: see Feitelson

Chang, Songsri: see Wong, Jimmy

Cherry, Herman: 1958-1992 (39 letters); see Writings

Chui, Kam Wah: 1984-1985 (2 Christmas cards)

Click, Ashley: 1988 (1 letter)

Cohn, Susanne: 1986-1991 (3 letters)

Committee of Artists for Greek Relief: 1968 (1 letter)

Constan, Eugene: undated and 1981-1982 (3 postcards); see Kadish, Reuben

Contreras, Belisario: 1976 (2 letters)

Cooper Union: 1962-1991 (19 letters)

Copley, Al L.: 1980-1989 (1 letter and 1 postcard)

CORE (Congress of Racial Equality): 1963 (1 letter)

Corwin, Arthur Hill: 1989 (1 letter)

Crawford: undated (envelope only)

David Barnett Gallery: see Barnett: David Barnett Gallery

Davis, Bruce: 1987 (1 letter)

Davis, Jane: 1960-1989 (5 letters)

Davis, Penny: 1990-1991 (2 letters)

Dehner, Dorothy: undated (2 letters)

Democratic National Committee: undated (envelope only)

Dervish, Melek: 1972 (1 letter from Dervish and a letter to him from Barbara Kadish)

Dillon, Tracey: 1984-1988 (2 postcards)

Dlugoszewski, Lucia: undated (1 letter)

Dolan/Maxwell Gallery: 1988 (memorial for Stanley William Hayter)

Donahue, Jim: 1991 (1 postcard)

Doyon-Bernard, Suzette J.: 1991 (2 letters)

Drummond, L.: 1976 (1 letter)

Duback, Charles: undated (1 letter)

Dugmore, Edward and Eadie: undated and 1959-1992 (18 letters)

Einstein: G. W. Einstein Co., Inc.: 1991-1992 (7 letters)

Elston Fine Arts: 1991 (4 letters)

Elvehjem Art Center: 1975-1977 (2 letters)

Engelman, Martin: 1987 (1 letter)

Erim, Kenan: 1964-1971 (4 letters)

Fanshel, Florence: 1969 (1 letter)

Federal Works Agency: 1938 (1 letter)

Feitelson, R. (Century Gallery): 1934 (1 letter)

Feldman, Florence: 1991 (1 letter)

Feltus, Alan: see Irwin, Lani

Finkelstein, Henry: 1980 (1 letter)

Fishman, N. Michael: 1987-1990 (1 letter and 1 Christmas card)

Flinn, Karen, Tom, and Chris: 1984 (1 Christmas card)

Ford Foundation: 1959 (1 letter)

Fordham University: 1975 (1 letter)

Foundry Unit: 1985 (1 brochure)

Fourcade, Droll, Inc.: 1975 (1 letter)

Fox, George: see Lee, Jenny

Fredericks, Karen: 1981 (1 postcard)

Fribourg Office du Livre (Suisse): 1976 (1 letter)

Friedlander, Angela: 1986 (1 letter)

Friends of Figurative Sculpture: 1988 (1 exhibition announcement)

Frumkin: Allan Frumkin Gallery, Inc.: 1974 (1 letter)

G. W. Einstein Co., Inc.: see Einstein: G. W. Einstein Co., Inc.

Galerie de Seine: 1981 (1 letter)

Galerie Silvia Menzel: see Menzel: Galerie Silvia Menzel

Gallo, Bill: 1988 (autographed scarf illustrated with New York baseball players)

Gardere, Paul and Marcia: undated and 1972-1989 (1 letter and 2 postcards)

Garrett, Zena: 1985-1987 (2 Christmas cards)

Georgia Museum of Art: 1969 (1 letter)

Gerard, C. H. Coster: 1990 (1 letter)

German, Mrs. Ulker: 1970-1972 (3 letters)

Gerstenblith, Patty: 1972-1973 (6 letters)

Gnazzo: see Roecker and Gnazzo

Goerits, Mathias: 1973 (1 letter written on 2 photographs of art work)

Goldberg, Lenore: 1987 (1 postcard)

Goldman, Shifra: see Kadish, Reuben

Gollay & Rosenblatt: 1971-1981 (3 letters)

Gormley, Alice M.: 1982 (1 letter)

Gould, Paul and Lil: 1990 (1 letter, including a photograph of their home and brochures about Florida)

Gouquet-Yurewutz, Claire and Julie: 1970 (1 postcard)

Grace Borgenicht Gallery: see Borgenicht: Grace Borgenicht Gallery

Graham Gallery, Ltd.: 1962-1967 (2 letters)

Graham, Lanier (Australian National Gallery): 1984-1990 (12 letters)

Greenfield-Sanders, Timothy: 1982 (1 postcard)

Greyhound Travel Services, Inc.: 1990 (1 letter)

Guggenheim Gallery: 1986-1987 (5 letters, including a contract, floor-plan, and clippings)

Guggenheim, John: see Kadish, Reuben

Guston, Philip: undated and 1936-1976 (20 letters, including one with an illustration)

Hackman, William: 1989 (1 letter)

Hagel, Hansel and Otto: undated and 1938 (1 letter and 1 photograph of a landscape used as a Christmas card)

Hague, R.: 1969-1975 (2 letters)

Hampton Day School: 1969-1970 (2 letters)

Harris, George: 1947 (1 letter)

Hauptmann, H. (Freie Universitat Berlin): 1973 (1 letter)

Hayter, Stanley William: 1967 (1 letter and 1 illustrated Christmas card) see: Dolan/Maxwell Gallery; see Reddy, Krishna

Haywood, Richard M.: 1966 (1 letter to Prof. Downes)

Heliker, John: undated (1 exhibition announcement)

Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art: see Johnson: Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art

Hesse, Brian: 1970 (1 letter)

Hiler, Hilaire: 1941-1965 (4 letters)

Hios, Theo: 1987 (1 letter)

Hirsh, Hy: 1960 (1 letter)

Holloway: Jan Holloway Gallery: 1987 (1 letter)

Hong Ying Restaurant: 1989 (1 letter)

Houstoun, Pud: 1983-1986 (1 letter, including a resume and photograph of family, and 1 postcard)

Hunterdon Art Center: 1981 (1 letter)

Hurlburt, Larry: 1978-1980 (1 letter and 1 postcard) see Mexican Muralists in the United States

Ilya Schor Foundation, Inc.: see Schor: Ilya Schor Foundation, Inc.

Independent Curators, Inc.: 1988-[1990] (2 letters)

Ironmite Corporation: see Lee, Jenny

Irwin, Lani, and Alan Feltus: 1974-1986 (3 letters)

Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica: 1988-1990 (5 letters, including one in Spanish)

Jackman: undated (envelope only)

Jamaica Center: 1975 (2 letters)

Jan Holloway Gallery: see Holloway: Jan Holloway Gallery

Johnson, Daniel LaRue: 1991 (1 letter)

Johnson: Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art: 1987 (5 letters)

Johnson, Una E.: 1978 (1 letter)

Jorgensen, Henry and Elizabeth: 1964-1985 (6 family photograph Christmas cards)

Judah L. Magnes Museum: see Magnes: Judah L. Magnes Museum

Kadish, Barbara: undated and 1963-1974 (19 letters to Hilda O'Connell)

Kadish, Dan: 1964-1973 (6 letters, including one with illustrations, and 3 photographs of art work)

Kadish, David: 1990 (1 letter)

Kadish, Frank and Lorain: 1983-1991 (6 letters)

Kadish, Jonathan: 1970-1973 (3 letters)

Kadish, Julian: 1970 (1 letter)

Kadish, Kennan: 1970-1990 (4 letters, including one to Jenny Lee)

Kadish, Morris [Moishe] and Ruth: 1973-1998 (28 letters); see Kadish, Reuben

Kadish, Philip: undated and 1990 (1 letter and 1 postcard)

Kadish, Reuben, to Binh: Madame Binh Graphics Collective: 1982 (1 letter)

Kadish, Reuben, to Bromberg, Prof. (State University College, New Paltz, N.Y.): 1968 (1 letter)

Kadish, Reuben, to Constan, Eugene: undated (1 letter)

Kadish, Reuben, to Goldman, Shifra: undated (1 letter)

Kadish, Reuben, to Guggenheim, John: 1986-1987 (3 letters)

Kadish, Reuben, to Kadish family: 1990 (1 letter)

Kadish, Reuben, to Kadish, Ruth and Moishe: 1984 (1 letter)

Kadish, Reuben, to Kyle, Mr.: 1967 (2 letters)

Kadish, Reuben, to Lee, Jenny: 1987-1992 (66 letters)

Kadish, Reuben, to Mayer, Musa (Ingie): [1988] (1 letter)

Kadish, Reuben, to Mitchel, Julio: 1988 (1 postcard)

Kadish, Reuben, to Page, Lee: 1981 (1 letter)

Kadish, Reuben, to Pound, Brandy: undated (2 letters)

Kadish, Reuben, to Reed, Susan: 1992 (1 letter)

Kadish, Reuben, to Rodriguez family: undated and 1989 (2 letters)

Kadish, Reuben, to Spring, Bob: 1992 (1 letter)

Kaufman, B. John: undated (5 photographs of art work)

Kean College of New Jersey: 1981 (1 letter)

Kenkeleba House, Inc.: 1987 (2 letters and an exhibition announcement)

Kettenbach, Friedel: 1985 (1 Christmas card)

Klayman, Toby Judith: 1981 (1 letter)

Klinger, Randy: 1988 (1 letter)

Kohn, Gabe: 1959-1962 (6 letters)

Krafft, Jo: undated (1 letter)

Kroeplin, Jim: 1974 (1 letter)

Kupferman, Lawrence: 1943-1944 (6 letters)

Kyle, Thomas: see Kadish, Reuben; see Museum of Contemporary Crafts

L., Howard: 1980 (1 letter)

Lacy, Bill: see Lee, Jenny

Landmark Gallery, Inc.: 1977-1978 (2 letters)

Langsner, Jules: undated and 1937-1963 (36 letters, including a photograph of a railroad yard, and 9 photographs of Delhi, India)

Lebt?, Bill: 1967 (1 letter)

Lee, Jenny: undated and 1985-1992 (61 letters, including clippings, exhibition announcements, 2 books -- Dreams: Visions of the Night -- by David Coxhead and Susan Hiller, and -- Italian Renaissance Sculpture -- by John Pope-Hennessy, and 8 photographs of the Watts Towers; 7 letters are illustrated); see Kadish, Reuben. Letters to: Fox, George: 1987 (1 letter); Lacy, Bill: 1987 (1 letter); McNamara, Mary: 1987 (1 letter); Miller, Lee Ann (Cooper Union): 1987 (1 letter)

Leggist?, Gihuan: 1937 (1 letter)

Lehman: Herbert H. Lehman College: 1976 (1 letter)

Leong, Jim: 1990 (1 letter, including a resume)

Lesher, Derek: 1992 (1 letter)

Levine, Marsha: undated and 1973-1986 (12 letters)

Life -- magazine: 1944-1960 (2 letters)

Lightfoot, Cathy: 1981 (1 exhibition announcement)

Littlefield, William H.: 1969 (1 letter)

Los Angeles Sanatorium and Expatients Home: 1936 (1 letter)

Lukela?, Bob: 1962 (1 postcard)

Lynch, Bill: undated and 1991 (6 postcards and 1 letter, all illustrated)

Madame Binh Graphics Collective: see Binh: Madame Binh Graphics Collective

Magnes: Judah L. Magnes Museum: undated (1 letter)

Magnus, Rhonda: 1990 (1 illustrated letter)

Mallary, R.: 1938 (1 letter)

Mandel, Johanna and Aaron: 1974-1991 (3 letters, including a photograph of children)

Manhattanville College: 1969-1971 (3 letters)

Manning: undated (1 Christmas card)

Marciano, Shirley: 1964-1970 (6 letters)

Marcus, Joel: 1977 (1 letter)

Marrero, Onelio: 1988 (1 letter)

Marsh, Catherine: 1990 (1 letter)

Martin, Fletcher: 1937-1979 (4 letters, including one illustration)

Masini, Donna, and William Pitt Root: 1987-1991 (3 letters, including a decorated frame and photograph)

Mason, William and Melanie: 1984

Matisse, Henri: 1948 (photocopy of letter from Matisse to Mr. Clifford)

Matlin, David and Gail: 1981-1990 (2 letters)

Mayer, Musa (Ingie): 1987-1989 (5 letters); see Kadish, Reuben

McCoy, Sande (nee Pollock): undated and 1935-1986 (6 letters)

McDermott, Paul M.: 1972 (1 letter)

McFadden, Elizabeth: 1984 (1 letter)

McGowan, Mary Beth: 1988 (1 letter)

McH.: undated (1 letter to E. E. L.)

McHale, Rachel: 1990 (1 Christmas card and 1 postcard)

McLaughlin, Janie: 1967-1968 (3 letters and 1 postcard)

McNamara, Mary: see Lee, Jenny

Meert, Joseph: see Potter, Jeffrey

Menil Collection: 1989 (1 letter)

Menzel: Galerie Silvia Menzel: 1987 (2 exhibition catalogs)

Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1975- 1986 (2 letters)

Mexican Muralists in the United States: Their Work and Influence (NEH research project): 1980-1982 (7 letters)

Michigan State University: 1966 (1 letter)

Millburn Corporation: 1988 (1 announcement for New York Aegean Bronze Age Colloquium)

Miller, Lee Ann (Cooper Union): see Lee, Jenny

Mills, J. D.: 1984-1986 (3 Christmas cards)

Ministero per i Beni Culturali e Ambientali: 1989 (2 letters in Spanish)

Minneapolis Institute of Arts: 1959 (2 letters)

Mirski, Boris: 1945 (1 letter)

Mitchel, Julio: see Kadish, Reuben

Montgomery family: 1973-1986 (14 letters, including 19 photographs of family members and sculpture)

Moore, Lucile and Jim Al: 1985-1986 (2 Christmas cards)

Morgan, Dane D.: 1963 (1 letter)

Moss, Tobey C.: 1986 (1 letter)

Museu de Arte Moderna de Sao Paulo: 1959 (1 letter)

Museum of Contemporary Crafts: 1967 (1 letter)

Museum of Modern Art: 1963 (1 letter)

Mythic Arts Africa: 1987 (1 letter from Jenny Lee)

National Academy of Design: undated (1 letter)

National Gallery of Art: 1975 (1 letter)

National Geographic Society: undated (1 form letter)

National Museum of American Art: 1986-1990 (7 letters)

National Social Welfare Assembly, Inc.: 1967 (1 letter)

NBC News: undated (1 letter)

Neininger, Urban and Jean: undated and 1937-1989 (28 letters)

Nemanic, Todd: 1981 (1 exhibition announcement)

Newark Museum: 1968 (1 letter)

Newark Public School of Fine and Industrial Art: undated and 1956-1960 (4 letters)

Newbill, Al: 1976-1987 (4 letters)

New Jersey State Council on the Arts: 1989 (1 letter)

New Jersey State Museum: 1976-1991 (10 letters)

New York Civil Liberties Union: 1972 (1 postcard)

New York Studio School: 1971-1977 (5 letters)

New York University: 1963 (1 letter)

North Jersey Cultural Council: 1970-1974 (2 letters)

O'Connell, Hilda: undated and 1963-1990 (18 letters); see Kadish, Barbara

Odate, Gerlinde: 1966-1974 (2 letters, including one with an illustration)

O'Keeffe, Georgia: see Stark, Leonard

Oles, James: 1991 (1 postcard)

Oord, A. and B.: 1984 (1 postcard)

Oregon: University of Oregon: 1973-1976 (4 letters)

Pace, Stephen: 1976-1987 (1 letter and an exhibition announcement)

Page, Lee: see Kadish, Reuben

Panero, Lorenza (Laurie): 1989-1991 (1 letter enclosing a typescript "The Three Masters of Mexican Muralism and Their Impact on the Development of American Art", and 1 exhibition announcement in Spanish)

Parsons School of Design: 1991 (1 announcement for memorial for Leland Bell)

Pekarsky, Mel: 1992 (7 letters)

Perrone, Francis S., M.D.: 1972 (1 invoice)

Phillips, Bill and Helen: 1947-1981 (2 letters and a press release)

Pollock: see McCoy, Sande

Pollock, Charles and Sylvia: undated and 1972-1990 (18 letters)

Pollock, Jackson: 1944-1947 (5 letters)

Pollock-Krasner Foundation: 1988-1992 (6 letters)

Polyn, Winifred: 1989 (1 postcard)

Port Authority of N.Y. & N.J.: 1979 (1 letter)

Potter, Jeffrey: 1990-1991 (2 letters, including a typescript "A Note on Joseph Meert")

Pound, Brandy: 1976 (1 letter); see Kadish, Reuben

Preston, Joanna: 1969-1989 (11 letters)

Printmaking Workshop: 1976-1980 (4 letters)

Pritchard, Norman: 1976 (1 Christmas card)

Provost, Larry: 1990 (1 letter)

Pye, Elizabeth: 1970 (1 letter)

Queens College: 1969 (2 letter)

Racz, David: undated (1 postcard)

Rantz, Clark T.: 1979 (1 letter)

Rapee, George and Jody: 1992 (1 letter)

Reddy, Krishna: 1974-1980 (1 letter and 9 letters from other concerning Reddy, including one letter from Stanley William Hayter)

Reed, Susan: see Kadish, Reuben

Reim, Johannes and Lois Borgenicht: 1987 (1 birth announcement)

Renfro, Claudia: undated and 1988-1992 (7 letters, including an illustrated Christmas card)

Resika, Paul: 1989 (1 postcard)

Richards: 1990 (2 photographs of a man with a child)

Richardson, Louise and Joe: undated and 1985-1986 (1 letter and 3 Christmas cards)

Ringwood Manor Association of Arts: 1975 (1 letter)

Ripton, June and James: 1984-1986 (3 Christmas cards)

Rodriguez, Melinda and Nickolas: 1989-1991 (4 letters, including a photograph of Nickolas); see Kadish, Reuben

Roecker and Gnazzo: 1986 (1 postcard)

Root, William Pitt: see Masini, Donna

Ross, Tim: 1985 (illustrated New Year's announcement)

Ru, Ridley: see San, Tamar

Ruben, Richards: 1991 (1 wedding announcement)

Rubenfeld, Florence: 1989 (2 letters)

Rubinson, Karen S.: 1987 (1 letter)

Sacartoff, Elizabeth: 1946 (3 letters)

San, Tamar, and Ridley Ru: undated (1 letter)

San Francisco Friends of the Urban Forest: 1993 (1 certificate for memorial trees for Reuben and Barbara Kadish)

Saunders, David: 1988 (1 letter)

Schor: Ilya Schor Foundation, Inc.: 1963 (1 letter)

Schramm, James S.: 1961 (1 letter)

Schwartz, Ersy: 1974-1983 (2 letters)

Schwartz, Jan and Hank: undated and 1976-1995 (3 letters)

Schwebel, Ivan: 1961-1991 (7 letters, including 6 illustrated letters)

Sears, Arthur Wellington (Pete): 1937 (1 letter)

Selby, Sally and James: 1969-1988 (8 letters and 1 postcard)

Shaltiel, J.: undated (1 postcard)

Shirer, Tess: 1984 (1 Christmas card)

Silverman, Joan and Charlie: 1971 (3 letters and 1 postcard)

Silverman, Pauline: 1972 (2 letters)

Silverstein, Sasha: 1989 (1 exhibition announcement)

Sirugo, Sol: 1977 (1 letter)

Smith, Benjamin B.: 1976 (2 letters)

Sokoloff, Beryl: 1944-1992 (21 letters)

South Bank Show: 1987 (2 letters)

Spanish Bay Galleries: 1991 (1 illustrated letter)

Spring, Bob: see Kadish, Reuben

Stable Gallery: 1958 (1 letter)

Stanzl, Gouter: 1970 (1 letter)

Stark, Leonard: undated and 1937-1966 (73 letters, including one with illustrations, one enclosing a cut-out silhouette portrait, one enclosing a photograph of a boy with a raccoon and one, dated 1947, enclosing a photograph of a film shoot with Georgia O'Keeffe)

Stewart, Jack: 1972 (1 postcard)

Stony Brook: 1990-1992 (6 letters)

Sun, Carol: 1990 (2 letters, including an exhibition announcement and clippings)

Suzuki, Margi: 1962 (1 letter)

Szeto, Nam: 1991 (1 letter, including a resume)

Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Inc.: 1961-1969 (4 letters)

Taylor, John Lloyd: 1975 (3 letters)

Tebow, Elizabeth: 1982-1992 (3 illustrated Christmas cards)

Teller, Jane: 1986 (1 letter)

Terry, James G.: 1948 (1 letter)

The Gallery: 1969 (1 exhibition prospectus)

Toombs, Amisano & Wells: 1970 (1 letter)

Tully, Judd: undated and 1985-1992 (10 letters)

Umbreit, William and Cindy: 1968-1980 (2 letters)

University of Oregon: see Oregon: University of Oregon

Unver, Huseyin: 1968 (2 letters)

Vergette, Helen: 1978 (1 postcard)

Vidal, Francine: 1986 (1 letter)

Vulliemoz, Yvonne: 1987-1995 (1 postcard and 1 Christmas card)

Waxman, Wendy: 1989 (1 letter)

Wayne, June: see Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Inc.

Weatherspoon Art Gallery: 1973 (1 letter)

Weeks, Leigh K.: 1974-1987 (2 letters)

Welles, Halsted (Hal): undated and 1962-1966 (3 postcards and a calling card)

Wibroe-Sanders, Suzi: 1989-1990 (2 letters)

Williams, Govaine: 1986 (1 letter)

Williams, Julian and Le: undated and 1977-1990 (1 letter, 1 wedding invitation, and 3 Christmas cards [2 with photos of microbes and a forest])

Wines, Gul and Suzan: 1986 (1 Christmas card)

Witkin, Joy: 1990 (1 letter)

Wong, Jimmy, and Songsri Chang: 1985 (1 Christmas card)

Wood, Betty: 1975 (1 letter and a postcard)

Woodward/White, Inc.: 1983 (1 letter)

Works Progress Administration - California: 1937 (1 letter)

Wu, Nancy: 1987 (6 letters)

Zogbaum, Wilfrid: 1960-1962 (2 letters)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment. Microfilmed portion must be consulted on microfilm.
Collection Rights:
The Reuben Kadish papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship.
Collection Citation:
Reuben Kadish papers, 1851-1995, bulk 1913-1995. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
AAA.kadireub, Series 2
See more items in:
Reuben Kadish papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art

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