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Frederick William MacMonnies papers, 1874-1997

Creator:
MacMonnies, Frederick William, 1863-1937  Search this
Smart, Mary-Leigh, 1915-  Search this
Subject:
MacMonnies, Berthe  Search this
Barnard, George Grey  Search this
McClellan, George Brinton  Search this
Flanagan, John F.  Search this
White, Stanford  Search this
MacMonnies, Marjorie  Search this
MacMonnies, Betty  Search this
MacMonnies, Alice  Search this
MacMonnies, Mary Fairchild  Search this
Bion, Paul  Search this
Booth, Edwin Thomas  Search this
Ecole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts (France)  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Topic:
Memoirs  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Diaries  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Manuscripts  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Typescripts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7090
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209223
AAA_collcode_macmfred
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209223
Additional Online Media:

Frederick William MacMonnies papers

Creator:
MacMonnies, Frederick William, 1863-1937  Search this
Names:
Ecole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts (France) -- Students  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893  Search this
Barnard, George Grey, 1863-1938  Search this
Bion, Paul  Search this
Booth, Edwin, 1833-1893  Search this
Flanagan, John F., 1865-1952  Search this
MacMonnies, Alice  Search this
MacMonnies, Berthe  Search this
MacMonnies, Betty  Search this
MacMonnies, Marjorie  Search this
MacMonnies, Mary Fairchild, 1858-1946  Search this
McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885  Search this
Smart, Mary, 1915-  Search this
White, Stanford, 1853-1906  Search this
Extent:
7 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Memoirs
Manuscripts
Photographs
Sketches
Typescripts
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Date:
1874-1997
Summary:
The papers of sculptor Frederick William MacMonnies date from 1874 to 1997 and measure 7.0 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, a diary, correspondence, personal business records, project files, two sketchbooks and sketches, writings, printed material, and photographs. Well over one-half of the collection consists of Mary Smart's research files for her biography of MacMonnies, A Flight with Fame, as well as clippings regarding her research and a copy of the book.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor Frederick William MacMonnies date from 1874 to 1997 and measure 7.0 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, a diary, correspondence, personal business records, project files, two sketchbooks and sketches, writings, printed material, and photographs. Well over one-half of the collection consists of Mary Smart's research files for her biography of MacMonnies, A Flight with Fame, as well as clippings regarding her research and a copy of the book.

Biographical material consists of a student card to the École des Beaux-Arts, a certificate of registration as an American Citizen, the wills of MacMonnies and his second wife, Alice, and a biographical note by Alice MacMonnies.

The most significant item in the collection is MacMonnies' diary that documents his first voyage to Europe where he was anxious to pursue his studies in sculpture. His well-described activities during his first year of study in Paris, Munich, and in Italy illustrate the excitement and challenges faced by serious art students in the mid-1880s.

Correspondence includes letters exchanged between MacMonnies and colleagues including George Grey Barnard, Paul Bion, and John Flanagan. There are also letters from MacMonnies to his second wife Alice and to his daughters, Berthe Helene (Betty) and Marjorie MacMonnies.

Personal business records include deeds for land in Long Island, New York, certificates of copyright for MacMonnies' art work, and a rental agreement for and inventory of MacMonnies' studio in Giverny, France.

Project files are found for the Fountain Barge of State at World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago and other sculpture pieces. There is also a sheet of preliminary sketches for the statue General George B. McClellan.

Art work consists of two sketchbooks, drawings, and plaster casts of sketches for planned sculpture projects for the New York Public Library, a memorial statue for Edwin Booth, and a drinking fountain.

Writings include a manuscript by MacMonnies concerning the adverse effects modernity was having on beauty in art, a typescript concerning George Grey Barnard's statue of Lincoln, and memoirs by Mary Fairchild MacMonnies Low in which she describes her early life, her first encounter with MacMonnies, and their life together in Paris and Giverny, including a visit from Stanford White and his wife.

Well over one-half of the collection consists of Mary Smart's research files for her biography of MacMonnies, A Flight with Fame. Printed material includes clippings and a copy of Mary Smart's book.

Photographs are of Frederick MacMonnies, family members, his studio, a horse used as a model for The Horse Tamers, and art work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 10 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1884-1921 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 2: Diary, 1884-1885 (Box 9; 1 folder)

Series 3: Correspondence, 1880-1971 (Box 1; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1874-1931 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 5: Project Files, 1891-1935 (Box 1, 9-10; 27 folders)

Series 6: Art Work, 1910-1914 (Box 1, 8-9; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 7: Writings, 1912-1917 (Box 2; 12 folders)

Series 8: Mary Smart's Research Files, 1908-1997 (Box 2-6, 9; 4.2 linear feet)

Series 9: Printed Material, 1896-1996 (Box 6-7; 13 folders)

Series 10: Photographs, 1889-1911 (Box 7, 9; 8 folders)
Biographical Note:
Frederick William MacMonnies (1863-1937) of New York City, was a well known sculptor of the Beaux-Arts School, equally successful in France as in the United States. He was also a highly accomplished painter and portraitist.

Frederick William MacMonnies was born on September 28, 1863 in Brooklyn Heights, New York, the son of Juliana Eudora West and William MacMonnies. From an early age, MacMonnies showed skill in fashioning figures from wax. Because the Civil War put an end to his father's prosperous importing business, MacMonnies had to leave school at a young age in order to earn money to support the family.

With the help of a stone carver friend of his father, MacMonnies became a studio assistant to Augustus Stint-Gaudens in 1880. MacMonnies also studied at night at Cooper Union. In 1882 Saint-Gaudens promoted MacMonnies to apprentice and encouraged his development as an artist. MacMonnies began studying drawing at the National Academy of Design and occasionally attended classes at the Art Students League. It was during this time that he became better acquainted with Saint-Gaudens' important patrons and colleagues including John LaFarge, Charles F. McKim, Stanford White.

In 1884 MacMonnies left for Paris to study first at the Académie Colarossi and later at the École des Beaux-Arts under Jean Alexandre Falguière. In 1888 he opened a studio in Paris where he mentored artists including Janet Scudder and Mary Foote. He married a fellow artist, Mary Louise Fairchild in 1888. They had two daughters, Berthe Hélène and Marjorie. They were divorced in 1909, and Mary married painter Will Hicok Low later that year. MacMonnies married his former student Alice Jones in 1910.

MacMonnies executed commissions for Stanford White and John La Farge. In 1889, he won a competition to complete a statue of Nathan Hale for City Hall Park. He won a medal in the Paris Salon for his statue of Hale and a second medal for his statue of James T. Stranahan, earning status as a master artist. In 1891, he was commissioned to produce the central fountain for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

Even though MacMonnies travelled annually to the United States, he maintained his primary residences and studios in Paris and Giverny, France. He was also an occasional painter and had a solo exhibition at the Durand-Ruel Galleries in the United States in 1903. In 1905 his Bacchante and Infant Faun statue became the center of controversy when it was rejected by conservative groups in Boston. It was later acquired by the Metropolitan Museum in New York City. In 1915 he returned permanently to the United States.

MacMonnies was an Academician of the National Academy of Design, Chevalier of the Legion of Honor of France and hors concours at the Paris Salon allowing him to submit works directly to the Salon without initial scrutiny by judges.

Frederick William MacMonnies died of pneumonia on March 22, 1937 in New York City.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art are four letters from MacMonnies to Allan Marquand cataloged separately, and a typescript "The Form of the Princeton Monument" lent by Elric Endersby in 1976 and microfilmed on reel 1094.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels D245 and 3042) including five scrapbooks and letters from Augustus Saint-Gaudens to MacMonnies. Lent materials were returned to the lenders and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The bulk of Frederick William MacMonnies papers were donated by the artist's granddaughters Louise Wysong Rice and Marjorie Vander Velde in 1988 and 1998. Some, but not all, of the papers were originally loaned for microfilming and were later included in the donations. A small addition to the papers was transferred from the Smithsonian's Museum of American Art Library in 1981.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Frederick William MacMonnies papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Memoirs
Manuscripts
Photographs
Sketches
Typescripts
Diaries
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Frederick William MacMonnies papers, 1874-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.macmfred
See more items in:
Frederick William MacMonnies papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-macmfred
Additional Online Media:

MacMonnies, Mary Fairchild (Mary Louise Fairchild, Mrs. Frederick William MacMonnies, Mrs. Will Hicok Low): "June Morning"

Collection Researcher:
Brandon Fortune  Search this
Container:
Drawer 2, Folder 122
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Brandon B. Fortune research material is owned by the Catalog of American Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Brandon B. Fortune research material on the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, 1977-1993, bulk 1987-1991. Catalog of American Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Brandon B. Fortune research material on the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition
Archival Repository:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-npg-cap-00004-ref124

MacMonnies, Mary Fairchild (Mary Louise Fairchild, Mrs. Frederick William MacMonnies, Mrs. Will Hicok Low): "Tea al Fresco"

Collection Researcher:
Brandon Fortune  Search this
Container:
Drawer 2, Folder 123
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Brandon B. Fortune research material is owned by the Catalog of American Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Brandon B. Fortune research material on the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, 1977-1993, bulk 1987-1991. Catalog of American Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Brandon B. Fortune research material on the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition
Archival Repository:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-npg-cap-00004-ref125

An interlude in Giverny / Joyce Henri Robinson, Derrick R. Cartwright with an essay by E. Adina Gordon

Author:
Robinson, Joyce Henri  Search this
Cartwright, Derrick R  Search this
Palmer Museum of Art (Pennsylvania State University)  Search this
Subject:
MacMonnies, Frederick William 1863-1937  Search this
MacMonnies, Mary Fairchild 1858-1946  Search this
Physical description:
87 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 22 x 28 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Date:
2000
C2000
Call number:
N40.1.M1727 R63 2000
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_667268

Frederick William MacMonnies (1863-1937), Mary Fairchild MacMonnies (1858-1946) : deux artistes américains à Giverny, 18 juin 1988-11 septembre 1988, Musée Municipal A.-G. Poulain-Vernon

Title:
Frederick William MacMonnies, Mary Fairchild MacMonnies
Author:
Gordon, E. Adina  Search this
Musée municipal Alphonse-Georges Poulain  Search this
Subject:
MacMonnies, Frederick William 1863-1937  Search this
MacMonnies, Mary Fairchild 1858-1946  Search this
Monet, Claude Influence Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
111 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
1840-1926
France
Giverny
United States
Date:
1988
[1988?]
Topic:
Artistic collaboration--Exhibitions  Search this
Expatriate artists--Exhibitions  Search this
Artists  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.M1727 F74 1988
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_552831

Mary et Frederick MacMonnies : un atelier à Giverny / [Derrick R. Cartwright, Joyce Henri Robinson, Mary S. Smart ; traduction de l'anglais, Marc Guichard]

Title:
Atelier à Giverny
Author:
Cartwright, Derrick R  Search this
Robinson, Joyce Henri  Search this
Smart, Mary S  Search this
Musée américain Giverny  Search this
Palmer Museum of Art (Pennsylvania State University)  Search this
Subject:
MacMonnies, Frederick William 1863-1937  Search this
MacMonnies, Mary Fairchild 1858-1946  Search this
Physical description:
111 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), portraits ; 23 cm
Type:
Biography
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Place:
United States
France
Date:
2001
©2001
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Expatriate artists  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1063537

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