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Herman Leonard Photographic Collection

Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Former owner:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Names:
Armstrong, Louis, 1900-1971  Search this
Baker, Chet  Search this
Bennett, Tony, 1926-  Search this
Blakey, Art, 1919-1990  Search this
Brown, Clifford Mr  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Cole, Nat King, 1917-1965  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Davis, Miles  Search this
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella  Search this
Garner, Erroll  Search this
Getz, Stan, 1927-1991  Search this
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-  Search this
Gordon, Dexter, 1923-1990  Search this
Haig, Al, 1924-1982  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959  Search this
Horne, Lena  Search this
Marsalis, Wynton, 1961-  Search this
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Pettiford, Oscar, 1922-1960  Search this
Roach, Max  Search this
Russell, Curly  Search this
Sims, Zoot  Search this
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Stitt, Sonny  Search this
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Webster, Ben  Search this
Young, Lester, 1909-1959  Search this
Extent:
5.6 Cubic feet (10 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
1948-1993
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 110 black-and-white photographic prints depicting musicians performing at various American and European jazz clubs between 1948 and 1991. The collection contains mounted and unmounted 11" x 14" and 16" x 20" prints made by Leonard. Artists represented among these photographs are Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Lester Young, Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, and Thelonious Monk. The photographs are organized into three series: Series 1: 11"x 14" prints, Series 2: 16" x 20" prints, and Series 3: Addenda. The series are arranged alphabetically by performer's last name. Unmatted 16" x 20" prints can be found in box 2 but are listed alphabetically by performer.
Biographical / Historical:
Herman Leonard (1923‑ ) was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania and served as a military photographer in Burma during World War II. He earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree in photography from Ohio University and began working with Yousuf Karsh, a Canadian portraitist. Settling in New York in 1949, Leonard began photographing jazz musicians at various jazz clubs on Broadway and Fifty‑Second Streets, and in Harlem for such publications as Cosmopolitan, Esquire, Life, Look, Playboy, and Time. He later to Paris to begin a fashion and advertising business. He also continued photographing jazz musicians. In 1988 Leonard presented his first exhibition, "Images of Jazz," in London. This show established his reputation as a leading photographer of jazz and sparked further shows and publications.
Provenance:
The Herman Leonard Photographs were donated to the National Museum of American History by Mr. Leonard on December 17, 1991 and in 2006.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0445
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0445
Additional Online Media:

Jazz memories / Herman Leonard ; traduit de l'américain par Isabelle Leymarie

Author:
Leonard, Herman 1923-2010  Search this
Subject:
Leonard, Herman 1923-2010  Search this
Physical description:
203 p. : chiefly ill. ; 33 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
C1995
Topic:
Jazz musicians--Portraits  Search this
Portrait photography  Search this
Call number:
TR647.L5387 L4 1995
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_563600

Miles Davis in Switzerland. [Photoprint, black-and-white]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Davis, Miles  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
[July 1991.]
Local Numbers:
94-3292 (SI Neg. No.)

AC0445-0000001.tif (AC Scan No.)
General:
From black copy print notebook in reading room.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Jazz  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref18
Additional Online Media:

Thelonious Monk [making notes at the piano]. [Photoprint, black-and-white

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Monk, Thelonious  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 19
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
[undated.]
Scope and Contents:
The subject is leaning on the piano, smoking a cigarette while he writes.
Local Numbers:
94-3283 (SI Neg. No.]

AC0445-0000002.tif(AC Scan No.)
General:
From black copy print notebook in reading room.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Piano  Search this
Smoking -- 1940-1990  Search this
Cigarettes  Search this
Jazz  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref34
Additional Online Media:

Lester Young -- Paris. [Black-and-white photoprint,]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Young, Lester, 1909-1959  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 34
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Paris (France)
Date:
1958
Scope and Contents:
Lester Young is holding his saxophone. Title, date, signature in lower margin.
Local Numbers:
AC0445-0000010.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Saxophone  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref50
Additional Online Media:

Louis Armstrong -- Paris [backstage at Olympia Theatre,] [photoprint, black-and-white]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Olympia Theatre (Paris, France)  Search this
Armstrong, Louis, 1900-1971  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 1
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Paris (France)
Date:
1960
Scope and Contents:
Subject holds trumpet on lap. Title under image at left, signed at lower right.
Arrangement:
Box No. 1.
Local Numbers:
AC0445-0000003.tif (AC Scan No.)

00044501.tif (AC Scan, duplicate)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
African American musicians  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref15
Additional Online Media:

Duke Ellington -- Paris -- 1960 [photoprint, black-and-white]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Creator:
Ansco (film manufacturer)  Search this
Names:
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 contact sheet (Silver gelatin on paper., 8 1/2" x 11")
1 Item (8.5" x 11".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 7A
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Contact sheets
Place:
Paris (France)
Scope and Contents:
Three frames, enlarged from a 35mm film strip, showing Ellington at the piano. Title under image at left, signed at lower right. Film is Ansco Super Hypan.
Arrangement:
In box 9.
Local Numbers:
00044509.tif (AC Scan)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Piano  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref22
Additional Online Media:

Quincy Jones -- NYC [photoprint, black-and-white,]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 17
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1955
Scope and Contents:
Title, date, signature in lower margin.
Arrangement:
Box No. 1.
Local Numbers:
AC0445-0000007.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Studios (work spaces)  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref32
Additional Online Media:

Charlie Parker -- Birdland [New York City] [Photoprint, black and white,]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Birdland (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Parker, Charlie, 1920-1955  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 23
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1949
Scope and Contents:
Parker playing saxophone, dramatically photographed from a low angle. Title, signature, date in lower margin.
Arrangement:
Box No. 1
Local Numbers:
AC0445-0000008.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Saxophone  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref38
Additional Online Media:

Max Roach -- NYC [black-and-white photoprint,]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Roach, Max, 1924-2007  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 28
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1950
Scope and Contents:
Roach is shown playing the drums in a recording studio. Title, signature, date in lower margin.
Arrangement:
Box No. 1.
Local Numbers:
AC0445-0000009.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
African American musicians  Search this
Drums  Search this
Drummers (Musicians)  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref43
Additional Online Media:

Frank Sinatra [photoprint, black-and-white,]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 30
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1956
Scope and Contents:
Sinatra singing into microphone at New York City recording studio. Title below image, signed at lower right.
Arrangement:
Box No. 1.
Local Numbers:
AC0445-0000005.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Singers -- 1950-1960  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref45
Additional Online Media:

Louis Armstrong [singing at microphone, holding handkerchief [black-and-white photoprint, black-and-white]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Armstrong, Louis, 1900-1971  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 3, Folder 2
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Title under image at left, signed at lower right.
Local Numbers:
00044507.tif (AC Scan)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Hankerchiefs  Search this
Microphones  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref55

[Saxophonist Dexter Gordon with cigarette smoke : photoprint, black-and-white.]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Gordon, Dexter, 1923-1990  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Later prints
Date:
1948
Scope and Contents:
Title under image at left, signed at lower right? Print probably made ca. 2000. Dated from an Internet resource.
Local Numbers:
00044508.tif (AC Scan)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Saxophone  Search this
Smoking -- 1940-1990  Search this
Smoke  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Cigarettes -- 1850-2000  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Later prints
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref632

Billie Holiday -- NYC [photoprint, black-and-white,]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 7
Culture:
African Americans -- 1940-1950  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 1930-1950 -- Photographs
Date:
1949
Scope and Contents:
Holliday singing into microphone with smoke swirling around her. Title below image, signed at lower right.
Local Numbers:
00044503.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Smoke  Search this
African American singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref81

Sarah Vaughan -- NYC [photoprint, black-and-white,]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Vaughan, Sarah, 1924-1990  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 10
Culture:
African Americans -- 1940-1950  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 1930-1950 -- Photographs
Date:
1950
Scope and Contents:
Vaughan sitting on bench, singing from sheet music. Title below image, signed at lower right.
Local Numbers:
00044505.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
African American singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref98

[Dinah Washington singing into microphone] [photoprint, black-and-white

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Washington, Dinah, 1924-1963  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 9, Folder 1
Culture:
African Americans -- 1940-1950  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 1930-1950 -- Photographs
Date:
[1950?]
Scope and Contents:
Title below image at left, signed at lower right.
Local Numbers:
00044506.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Women in jazz  Search this
Microphones  Search this
African American singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Women in music  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref99
Additional Online Media:

Frank Sinatra -- NYC [in a New York City recording studio] [black-and-white photoprint,]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Sinatra, Frank, 1915-1998  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Container:
Box 1, Folder 29
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographs
Place:
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1956
Scope and Contents:
Title under image, left; signed under image, right.
Local Numbers:
AC0445-0000006.tif (AC Scan)

00044504.tif (AC Scan, duplicate)
General:
In Box 1, Folder 29.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Studios (work spaces)  Search this
Singers  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1950-1960 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref44
Additional Online Media:

William Russo Music and Personal Papers

Creator:
Strayhorn, Billy (William Thomas), 1915-1967  Search this
Russo, William, 1928-2003  Search this
Photographer:
Claxton, William  Search this
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Composer:
Kenton, Stan  Search this
Musician:
Mulligan, Gerry  Search this
Names:
Chicago Jazz Ensemble  Search this
Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974  Search this
Extent:
53 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Motion pictures (visual works)
Music
Audiotapes
Business records
Photographs
Correspondence
Librettos
Awards
Posters
Programs
Scrapbooks
Scores
Lecture notes
Date:
1920s-2002.
Scope and Contents:
Papers and audiovisual materials documenting Russo's career in music. The collection includes Russo's original and published music scores, parts and arrangements; audiovisual materials including recordings of broadcasts of Russo's radio show, performances of Russo's compositions, including performances by Duke Ellington, and film and video recordings of Russo's productions in theater and opera; and personal papers such as correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, publicity files, contracts, etc. Among the most significant items in the collection are experimental jazz arrangements for Stan Kenton in the late 1940s-early 1950s, undated arrangements for Gerry Mulligan, Russo's original arrangement of Duke Ellington's Sacred Concert, scores to his first and second symphonies, and scores and libretti to several early rock operas. The photographs include images of persons such as Ellington, Kenton, and Billy Strayhorn, and photographs by jazz photographers Herman Leonard and William Claxton. 2007 addendum includes correspondence, mostly between Russo and his family; eighteen diaries for 1946-1967 (not all years are present) with sparse entries, some in Italian; and additional music manuscripts, parts, scores and libretti.
Arrangement:
Divided into 3 series: Music manuscripts, Audiovisual materials, and Personal and Business Papers.
Biographical / Historical:
Russo (1928-2003) was a renowned American jazz composer, arranger and founder of the Chicago Jazz Ensemble.
Provenance:
Bequeathed to the Smithsonian by William Russo. Papers collected after Russo's death in 2003. The 2007 addendum sent by Russo's sister and daughter were also part of the bequest.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.,Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Composers -- 20th century  Search this
Opera  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Music -- Manuscripts
Audiotapes
Business records -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Librettos
Awards
Posters -- 20th century
Programs
Scrapbooks
Scores
Lecture notes
Citation:
William Russo Music and Personal Papers, 1920s-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0845
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0845
Additional Online Media:

Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection

Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center  Search this
Producer:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Dept. of Public Programs  Search this
America's Jazz Heritage  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Traveling Exhibition Service  Search this
Funder:
Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund  Search this
Ella Fitzgerald Charitable Foundation  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund  Search this
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Interviewee:
Adams, Joe, 1922-  Search this
Aguabella, Francisco, 1925-  Search this
Akiyoshi, Toshiko, 1929-  Search this
Alvarado, Alfredo  Search this
Anderson, Chris, 1926-  Search this
Armenteros, Chocolate, 1928-  Search this
Armstrong, Howard, 1909-  Search this
Ashby, Harold  Search this
Atkins, Clarence, 1921-  Search this
Avakian, George, 1919-  Search this
Baker, David, 1931-  Search this
Bank, Danny, 1922-  Search this
Barker, Danny, 1909-  Search this
Barker, Louise, 1913-  Search this
Barron, Kenny  Search this
Bass, Fontella  Search this
Bates, Peg Leg, 1907-  Search this
Bauza, Mario, 1911-  Search this
Belli, Remo  Search this
Bellson, Louis  Search this
Benson, George, 1943-  Search this
Berger, Ed  Search this
Bert, Eddie, 1922-  Search this
Betts, Keter, 1928-  Search this
Bey, Chief (James), 1913-  Search this
Bishop, Walter, 1927-  Search this
Brooks, Cecil  Search this
Brown, Oscar, Jr., 1926-  Search this
Brown, Velzoe, 1910-  Search this
Brubeck, Dave  Search this
Bryant, Ardie, 1929-  Search this
Bryant, Clora  Search this
Bryant, Ray, 1931-  Search this
Bufalino, Brenda, 1937-  Search this
Bunnett, Jane  Search this
Burns, Ralph, 1922-  Search this
Burrell, Kenny  Search this
Butts, Jimmy, 1917-  Search this
Byrd, Charlie, 1925-  Search this
Calloway, Cab, 1907-  Search this
Camero, Candido, 1921-  Search this
Carbonell, Luis  Search this
Carrington, Terri Lyne  Search this
Carter, Benny, 1907-1997  Search this
Carter, Ron, 1937-  Search this
Casey, Al, 1915-  Search this
Cheatham, Doc, 1905-1997  Search this
Cheatham, Jeannie, 1917-  Search this
Cheatham, Jimmy, 1924-  Search this
Claxton, William  Search this
Cobb, Jimmy, 1929-  Search this
Cohen, Martin, 1939-  Search this
Collins, John, 1913-  Search this
Columbus, Chris, 1902-  Search this
Conover, Willis, 1920-  Search this
Costello, Diosa  Search this
Cruz, Alfredo  Search this
Cruz, Celia, 1920-  Search this
Cugat, Xavier, 1900-  Search this
D'Rivera, Paquito, 1948-  Search this
De Franco, Buddy, 1923-  Search this
DeJohnette, Jack  Search this
Dejan, Harold, 1909-  Search this
Del Puerto, Carlos, 1951-  Search this
Di Novi, Gene, 1928-  Search this
Diaz Ayala, Cristobal  Search this
Donegan, Dorothy, 1922-  Search this
Driggs, Frank, 1930-  Search this
Dudley, Bessie, 1902-  Search this
Edison, Harry, 1915-  Search this
Egũes, Richard, 1923-2006  Search this
Farmer, Art, 1928-  Search this
Favors, Malachi  Search this
Fernandez, Rosita, 1918-2006  Search this
Fernandez, Ruth  Search this
Finegan, Bill, 1917-  Search this
Flynn, Frank (Marimba player)  Search this
Foster, Frank, 1928-  Search this
Fournier, Vernel, 1928-  Search this
Freeman, Von, 1922-  Search this
Fuller, Curtis, 1934-  Search this
Fuller, Gil, 1920-  Search this
Gensel, John  Search this
Gilbert, Peggy  Search this
Golson, Benny  Search this
Gonzalez, Celina  Search this
Goodson, Sadie, 1904-  Search this
Green, Urbie  Search this
Guerrero, Felix, 1916-2001  Search this
Guines, Tata  Search this
Hamilton, Chico, 1921-  Search this
Hampton, Slide  Search this
Harris, Joe  Search this
Harrison, Nelson  Search this
Haynes, Roy, 1926-  Search this
Heath, Jimmy, 1926-  Search this
Heath, Percy, 1923-2005  Search this
Hemphill, Julius, 1938-  Search this
Henderson, Bill, 1930-  Search this
Henderson, Luther  Search this
Hendricks, Jon, 1921-  Search this
Hentoff, Nat  Search this
Hill, Roger, 1928-  Search this
Hinton, Milt, 1910-  Search this
Holman, Bill, 1927-  Search this
Horn, Shirley, 1934-  Search this
Humphries, Roger  Search this
Hutcherson, Bobby  Search this
Jarvis, Jane, 1915-  Search this
Jimenez, Flaco  Search this
Johnson, J.J., 1924-  Search this
Jones, Elvin  Search this
Jones, Hank, 1918-2010  Search this
Jones, Jonah  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Jordan, Kidd, 1935-  Search this
Jordan, Sheila, 1928-  Search this
Keepnews, Orrin, 1923-  Search this
Kimball, Narvin, 1909-  Search this
Klein, Manny, 1908-  Search this
Konitz, Lee  Search this
Lateef, Yusef, 1920-  Search this
Laws, Hubert  Search this
LeGon, Jeni, 1916-  Search this
LeRoy Neiman  Search this
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Levy, John, 1912-2012  Search this
Lewis, Edna, 1907-  Search this
Lewis, Ramsey  Search this
Liebman, Dave  Search this
Lincoln, Abbey, 1930 -  Search this
Liston, Melba  Search this
Livelli, VIncent  Search this
Longoria, Valerio, 1924-200  Search this
Lopez, Israel, 1918-  Search this
Lucie, Lawrence, 1907-  Search this
Lutcher, Nellie, 1912-  Search this
Lynton, Charles, 1904-  Search this
Mandel, Johnny  Search this
Manning, Frank, 1914-  Search this
Marsalis, Delfeayo  Search this
Marsalis, Ellis  Search this
Marsalis, Jason  Search this
McGettigan, Betty  Search this
McIntosh, Tom, 1927-  Search this
McKibbon, Al, 1919-  Search this
McKusick, Hal, 1924-  Search this
McPartland, Marian  Search this
Mendoza, Lydia  Search this
Miller, Eric  Search this
Miller, Norma, 1919-  Search this
Mondello, Toots, 1911-  Search this
Moody, James, 1925-  Search this
Morgenstern, Dan  Search this
Murray, Albert, 1916-  Search this
Myers, Amina  Search this
Nicholas, Fayard, 1918-  Search this
Nicholas, Harold, 1924-  Search this
Norvo, Red, 1908-1999  Search this
O'Brien, Peter F.  Search this
O'Farrill, Chico, 1921-  Search this
Owens, Jimmy, 1943-  Search this
Palmier, Remo, 1923-  Search this
Peraza, Armando, 1924-  Search this
Perez, Graciela  Search this
Peterson, Oscar, 1925-  Search this
Puente, Tito  Search this
Pullen, Don, 1941-  Search this
Rachell, Yank  Search this
Ray, Carline, 1925-  Search this
Reed, Leonard, 1907-  Search this
Richards, Red, 1912-  Search this
Rivers, Sam  Search this
Robinson, Charles  Search this
Robinson, Les, 1912-  Search this
Rogers, Shorty, 1924-  Search this
Rollins, Sonny  Search this
Ross, Annie, 1930-  Search this
Royal, Marshall, 1912-  Search this
Rugolo, Pete, 1915-  Search this
Russell, George, 1923-2009  Search this
Rutherford, Rudy  Search this
Sager, Jane, 1914-  Search this
Santamaria, Mongo, 1917-  Search this
Scott, Jimmy  Search this
Settle, Cucell, 1914-  Search this
Shaw, Artie, 1910-2004  Search this
Slyde, Jimmy, 1927-  Search this
Smith, Hale G.  Search this
Smith, Johnny  Search this
Stoll, Jerry, 1923-  Search this
Taylor, Arthur, 1929-  Search this
Taylor, Billy  Search this
Teagarden, Norma, 1911-  Search this
Terry, Clark  Search this
Thielemans, Toots  Search this
Tinney, Al, 1921-  Search this
Toro, Yomo  Search this
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Tyner, McCoy  Search this
Valdes, Bebo, 1918-  Search this
Valdez, Carlos, 1926-  Search this
Valdez, Chucho, 1941-  Search this
Valentin, Val, 1920-  Search this
Valeria, Chuy  Search this
Van Gelder, Rudy  Search this
Van Lake, Turk, 1918-  Search this
Viola, Al, 1919-  Search this
Walton, Cedar, 1934-  Search this
Wein, George  Search this
Wess, Frank, 1922-  Search this
Weston, Randy, 1926-  Search this
White, Andrew, 1942-  Search this
Wilder, Joe, 1922-  Search this
Willcox, Spiegle, 1902-  Search this
Williams, Claude, 1908-  Search this
Williams, John, 1905-  Search this
Wilson, Gerald, 1918-  Search this
Wilson, Nancy, 1937-  Search this
Wofford, Mike  Search this
Woods, Phil  Search this
Ybarra, Eva  Search this
Yoshida, George, 1922-  Search this
Young, Al (Saxophinist)  Search this
Young, Lee, 1917-  Search this
Young, Webster, 1932-  Search this
Interviewer:
Baker, Lida  Search this
Bluiett, Hamiett  Search this
Brower, William  Search this
Brown, Anthony  Search this
Burstein, Julie  Search this
Carner, Gary  Search this
Cole, Tom  Search this
Coleman, Steve  Search this
Corporan, Hector  Search this
Crease, Bob  Search this
Dantzler, Russ  Search this
Elie, Lolis  Search this
Fernandez, Raul  Search this
Fochios, Steve  Search this
Frank, Rusty  Search this
Geremia, Paul, 1944-  Search this
Haddix, Chuck  Search this
Harris, Barry  Search this
Holley, Eugene  Search this
Jackson, Reuben  Search this
Jenkins, Willard  Search this
Kimery, Kennith  Search this
Kirchner, Bill  Search this
Levin, Floyd  Search this
Lopez, Rene  Search this
McDaniel, Ted  Search this
McDonough, John  Search this
Murphy, Molly  Search this
Newton, James  Search this
O'Meally, Bob  Search this
Ouelette, Dan  Search this
Pelote, Vincent  Search this
Placksin, Sally  Search this
Porter, Lewis  Search this
Pullman, Peter  Search this
Ritz, David  Search this
Rodrique, Jessie  Search this
Schoenberg, Loren  Search this
Schwartz, Scott  Search this
Smith, Ernie  Search this
Sneed, Ann  Search this
Stitt, Katea  Search this
Talbot, Bruce  Search this
Tucker, Sherrie  Search this
Watson, Matt  Search this
White, Michael  Search this
Whitfield, Weslia  Search this
Willard, Patricia  Search this
Williams, James  Search this
Wong, Herb  Search this
Yamazaki, Paul  Search this
Zimmerman, James  Search this
Extent:
39 Cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Compact discs
Sound recordings
Oral history
Audiotapes
Interviews
Date:
1992-2012
Scope and Contents:
Audiotapes, CDs and digital files: an ongoing project to interview and preserve the memories of people important in the jazz world, including jazz musicians, singers, dancers, producers, arrangers, and others. A list of interviewees and interviewers follows.

The following is a list of the individuals who conducted the interviews.

1. Brown, Anthony

2. Baker, Lida

3. Burstein, Julie

Interviewer

2. Bluiett, Hamiet
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into six series.

Series 1, DAT and CD Original Interview Recordings, 1992-2012

Series 2, Cassette Reference and Master Interview Tapes, 1992-2012

Series 3, Audio CD Reference Copies, 2000-2012

Series 4, Video/CD, 1994-2012

Series 5, Transcripts and Abstracts, 1992-2014

Series 6, Supplemental Documentation, 1992-2012
Biographical / Historical:
The Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program, a project of "America's Jazz Heritage, A Partnership of the Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund and the Smithsonian Institution" initiative was created in 1992. More than 150 in-depth oral history interviews were conducted from 1992 through 2002. The collection was transferred to the Archives Center of the National Museum of American History in 2000. Now part of the National Museum of American History's American Music History Initiatives, the Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program continues to conduct interviews as funding is available.

The Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program was established to document significant jazz musicians, performers, producers, and business associates in their own words and voices. Program staff contacted and worked with potential interviewees to arrange for interviews. Each interview was conducted by a jazz authority and was recorded on digital audiotape by a professional audio engineer. The interviews averaged 6 hours in length and covered a wide range of topics including early years, initial involvement in music, generally, and jazz specifically, as well as experiences in the jazz music world, including relationships to musicians. The original DAT interview tapes were then dubbed to audiocassettes and CD to create protection and access copies. More recent interviews have been recorded using fully digital technology and the interviews are preserved and made availbel as digital files.

A number of the interviews were conducted as part of the Ella Fitzgerald Oral History Project of the Jazz Oral History Program. Funded by the Ella Fitzgerald Charitable Foundation, these interviews focus on the life and work of Ella Fitzgerald. The National Endowments for the Arts Jazz Masters Oral Histories Program continues to support new interviews with NEA Jazz Masters.

For more information about jazz concerts, education, collections, Jazz Appreciation Month, and the Jazz Master orchestra, visit Smithsonian Jazz.
Provenance:
The interviews were made for the Smithsonian Institution under the auspices of the Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program supported by America's Jazz Heritage, funded by the Lila Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters Oral Histories Program. Additional interviews were conducted with support from the Ella Fitzgerald Charitable Foundation.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Researchers must use reference copies.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. Release forms exist for most interviews.
Topic:
Dancers  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- United States  Search this
Jazz musicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Compact discs
Sound recordings
Oral history -- 1990-2000
Audiotapes -- 1990-2000
Interviews -- 2000-2010
Interviews -- 1990-2000
Citation:
[Interviewee name] Interview, Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection, 1992-2014, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0808
See more items in:
Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0808
Additional Online Media:

Ella Fitzgerald -- Downbeat Club -- NYC 1949 [black-and-white photoprint]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Downbeat Club  Search this
Fitzgerald, Ella  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (11" x 14".)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographs
Date:
1949
Scope and Contents:
Ella Fitzgerald at the microphone with three band members behind; photographed at the Downbeat Club in New York, New York. Title below image, left; signed below image at right.
Local Numbers:
AC0445-0000004.tif (AC Scan)

00044502.tif (AC Scan, duplicate)
General:
In Box 1, Folder 8.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Jazz  Search this
African American singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Singers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref23
Additional Online Media:

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