Includes: Notes on Kickapoo clans, Mexican Kickapoo personal names, with meaning; by ref biog notes, clan affiliation. Notes on Death Ceremony of the Kickapoo, 9 pages. Death Ceremony of the Kickapoo explained, 9 pages. Miscellaneous notes on the following: Indian Dances (Soldier Dance); Kickapoo Spiritualism; Indian Love and Affection; Kickapoo Springs; Indian version of an old Ghost Story; Kickapoo Adoption; Shawnee ball-game; Kickapoo Games; Miscellaneous ethnological notes; copies of correspondence including a letter (copy) from the Department of Public Health regarding the use of peyote; biographical notes on Emma Kickapoo Williams Ellis, who made a "Democratic Quilt" and wrote to Franklin D. Roosevelt regarding it, and stating that if he were elected she would send the quilt to him; miscellaneous notes; 26 pages.
Also includes letter to W.H. Holmes, Chief, Bureau of American Ethnology, transmitting the above. Heyworth, Illinois. September 20, 1906. Autograph letter signed. 1 page. Other letters from Custer concerning Kickapoo language and Custer's desire to do work for the BAE are in Bureau of American Ethnology letters received, 1906.
The specimen (prayer-stick) referred to in this Manuscript is evidently the one accessioned in the U. S. National Museum (Accession Number 33,980; Catalog Number 178,369) from C.H. Bartlett, South Bend, Indiana, September 9, 1898. It is not clear from the N. M. Accession papers whether the original prayer stick is still in the National Museum, or only a cast of it. (MCB, 9/66)
Department of Anthropology, Processing Lab, credit and permission to use: Negative # 31892-D.
Carries notation by W. H. Holmes: "This statement was dictated to Miss Smedes [a Bureau of American Ethnology stenographer] by Mr William J. Bentley of Mugquiz, Mexico and Shawnee, Oklahoma Territory, Feb. 21. 1906. Mr Bentley was accompanied to Washington by the Kickapoo, John Mine." Another notation by Holmes indicates that a copy was forwarded to William Jones "to use in his article on the Kickapoo, April, 1906."
NAA MS 4694
Transferred 12/1964 from Bureau of American Ethnology Letters Received, 1888-1908.
Manuscript 4694, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Three notebooks containing stories handwritten in Kickapoo by Joseph Murdock, a Mexican Kickapoo residing in Oklahoma. There are a few titles and notes written in English. The following is a list of the titles, translated into English. The list may not reflect the physical arrangement of the stories.
Contents: Where the people had a town and the chief had a son; Apparently something on Mide and Wabano; A story of where the people had a town and the man moved; A witch causes death; Hog (the end is very much like the last story in Jones' Kickapoo text and the so-called Meskwaki "Tiger" story from Jack Bullard); An old woman kills her daughter-in-law as she fell in love with her son-in-law (very much like Jones' Fox story. The ending is slightly different); What happened to a woman who hated her son-in-law (much the same as Jones' Fox story "How a girl hated the man who stayed with her parents; the bull frog episode appears in both); Skunk and opossum (almost exactly the same as Jones' Kickapoo story; ending is different); Raccoon tries to steal chickens and is caught by a Frenchman; story something like Wissler's "Split Feather" (the end is like one of Jones' Fox stories); V-dentata; a story almost like Jones' story of the man who married many women (the louse episode occured in both); Wisake and the "Flag"; story that begins like the bear lover, goes on almost like Jones' Kickapoo story (it is closer to the Apaiyashihagi story); The determination of paternity by passing ? the baby; Potiphar's wife (ending different from Jones' Kickapoo); a variant of Jones' Boy and the giant (the mayor's daughter episode is lacking and the ending is different); Snapping turtle on the war path; Snapping turtle runs a race with Black Hawk; White Blooms (a new story); Why Kickapoos did not eat Blackhawk, and the youth who fasted all month; (names of some Kickapoo months; A man lives with his son-in-law; An old man wishes his daughter to marry ("control of goods" under the "control of game"; some European elements); Story of Tootca (= grub worm) Lesbian; Ten men who were brothers together; (on last page apparently a summary of titles of stories running backward one page).
NAA MS 3189
Title changed from "Legends summer, 1930" 5/22/2014.
Notebook containing Kickapoo syllabic texts handwritten in 1929 by Joseph Murdock, a Mexican Kickapoo residing in Shawnee, Oklahoma. Also English translations dictated by Alice Abraham of Shawnee, Oklahoma, and handwritten by her granddaugther Susan in 1967. The texts include a story of why rabbits only have fat on their shoulders and an anecdote from Murdock's courtship days. Other texts are on a virginity test, marriage and natal customs, joking relationships, and father and mother-in-law taboos. The notebook also contains 2 pages of linguistic notes in phonetic transcription with English translations.
NAA MS 833
Title changed from "Kickapoo Legends and ethnology 1929" 6/10/2014.
Truman Michelson conducted research among the Kickapoo in 1929 in Shawnee, Oklahoma. During this time, he worked with Joseph Murdock, a Mexican Kickapoo and former student at Carlisle Indian Industrial School. This collection contains legends in Kickapoo syllabary collected by Michelson from Murdock. The collection also partial interlineal English translations dictated by Alice Abraham and handwritten by her granddaughter Susan in 1967.
List of stories: Eye juggler; Girls who marry the stars; Snapping turtle goes to war; Wisakea (reflection of deer in the water); Wisakea and the "little frightener"; Wisakea and the snapping turtle quarrel; Wisakea and the wife of the sun; Wisakea and the French saloon keeper; Speech of Waupakiche at a dance in the evening; Wisakea and the place where speaking is forbidden; Adventures with Apaiyashiage brothers, Wisakea flies with ducks; Lynx and rabbit; Ten Brothers together.
NAA MS 1772
Title changed from "Mexican Kickapoo Legends 1929" 6/10/2014.
Kickapoo texts and linguistic and ethnographic notes collected by Truman Michelson. Michelson worked with the Kickapoo on multiple occassions in Oklahoma, and these materials were likely collected during one of those trips. There are multiple Kickapoo texts, but only one is accompanied by an English translation, which looks to be incomplete. Among the untranslated texts is the story of the rabbit cycle. There are also some notes with information from Joseph Murdock, a Mexican Kickapoo who frequently assisted Michelson in his research.
Truman Michelson conducted research among the Kickapoo in 1929 in Shawnee, Oklahoma. During this time, he worked with Joseph Murdock, a Mexican Kickapoo and former student at Carlisle Indian Industrial School. These notes contain information from Murdock and include phonetic transcriptions of vocabulary, a list of gentes, and some personal names.
Notebook containing three stories handwritten in Kickapoo syllabary collected by Truman Michelson in Oklahoma. Michelson labelled the texts as Mexican Kickapoo. Two of the stories are titled "Bill H. Horse story (European)" (pages 1-17) and "The man who was blessed by an owl" (pages 18-47); the third story is untitled. "B.J." is written on the notebook cover, possibly referring to the author of the texts. According to the Bureau of American Ethnology catalog card, the author may be B.J. Johnson.
NAA MS 3190
Title changed from "Legends summer 1930" 5/27/2014.
Truman Michelson conducted research among the Kickapoo in 1929 in Shawnee, Oklahoma. During this time, he worked with Joseph Murdock, a Mexican Kickapoo and former student at Carlisle Indian Industrial School. This collection contains an assortment of Kickapoo lingustic notes, ethnographic notes, and stories that Michelson obtained from Murdock. Topics include sin and social crimes, clan organization, childbirth, puberty, ceremonies and rituals, and daughter and father-in-law taboos. Among the stories is an English translation of the rabbit cycle legend (see MS 1203 for Kickapoo text), Murdock's experiences as a boy, and stories illustrating bashfulness before mothers-in-law.
The following is a list of other stories, which are in Kickapoo without English translations: Exchanging tooth with a garter snake; How corn came to be on this earth; Wisakea and the mallard duck; Wisakea and the skunk; Legend of witches; Why people began to kill each other; Why it is that some people can understand children before they talk and why they understand dogs; Woman and dog; The maiden and the man who frightened her; A thunderer is captured and made prisoner; Wisakea bungling host stories; Boy told by the giant to feed the lion straw and the horse meat; Skunk and opossum; Garter snake tooth; The one who was left behind.
Photographs made by Bill Wright circa 1993 documenting Kickapoo Indians in Colonia el Nacimiento, Mexico, and Black Seminole Indians in Coahuila, Mexico. There are also three images of the 1986 Tiwa Celebration of St. Anthony that depict dancers, preparations, and a procession.
Bill Wright is a businessman and photographer in Abilene, Texas. His photography has been published in four photography books: Portraits from the Desert: Bill Wright's Big Bend, The Tiguas: Pueblo Indians of Texas, The Texas Kicakpoo: Keepers of Tradition, and People's Lives: A Photographic Celebration of the Human Spirit.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 91-3
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Bill Wright photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 98-39.
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Photographs are under copyright by the photographer.
Truman Michelson's handwritten Kickapoo, Mexican Kickapoo, Potawatomi, and Sauk notes, consisting of anthropometric measurements of Kickapoo people and one person of Kickapoo and Potawatomi heritage; Kickapoo, Potawatomi, and Sauk vocabulary; and some ethnological notes on social organization. These notes were collected during the summer of 1928, most likely during his fieldwork with the Kickapoo in Oklahoma.
Five notebooks containing texts handwritten in Kickapoo syllabary and a phonetic transcription on mortuary customs and observances. A sixth notebook contains English translations, as well as anthropometric measurements of Joseph Murdock and his daughter, Rose. Murdock, a Mexican Kickapoo that resided in Oklahoma, frequently assisted Michelson in his Kickapoo research.