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Quincy Jones -- NYC [photoprint, black-and-white,]

Photographer:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Names:
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Collection Creator:
Leonard, Herman, 1923-2010  Search this
Collection Source:
Musical History, Division of (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper.)
Container:
Box 1, Folder 17
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1955
Scope and Contents:
Title, date, signature in lower margin.
Arrangement:
Box No. 1.
Local Numbers:
AC0445-0000007.tif (AC Scan No.)
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
The Archives Center does not own the rights to the Leonard photographs. All requests for permission to use these photographs for non‑museum purposes must be addressed directly to Herman Leonard at (504) 286‑2444.
Topic:
Studios (work spaces)  Search this
African American musicians  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Musicians -- 1950-2000  Search this
Collection Citation:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection, 1948-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Herman Leonard Photographic Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0445-ref32
Additional Online Media:

Bobby Tucker Papers

Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Extent:
36 Cubic feet (88 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Orchestrations
Programs
Sheet music
Clippings
Photographs
Date:
1883-2007, undated
Summary:
The collection documents the life and musical career of Robert "Bobby" Tucker. The collection particularly emphasizes Tucker's close collaboration with Billy Eckstine over a forty-year period from approximately 1949-1990, and includes original orchestrations of arrangements by Tucker and other arrangers, a complete set of commercial recordings by Eckstine for which Tucker served as arranger, and ephemeral material including photographs, concert programs and news clippings.
Scope and Contents:
The collection primarily documents the close collaboration between Tucker and Billy Eckstine over a forty-year period, circa 1949-1990. It articulates the growth and development of a working jazz master—Eckstine—and the diversity of the musical repertoire he performed as he cultivated new audiences throughout his career. The collection includes original orchestrations of arrangements by Tucker and other well regarded arrangers such as Billy Beyers, Quincy Jones, Bob Enevoldsen, Marty Paich, Sammy Nestico, and Artie Butler. All of these materials found their way into Eckstine's recording and concert repertoire, which is evidenced by the approximately twenty cubic feet of sheet music arrangements that form the bulk of the collection. They illustrate the pivotal role Tucker played as the arranger, who interpreted and adapted original compositions to suit Eckstine's vocal style and capabilities, resulting in one of the longest-running successful collaborations in modern American musical history.

In addition, the sheet music contains Tucker's arrangements for Quincy Jones's music score for the 1978 film The Wiz.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1: Professional Materials, 1883-1992, undated

Subseries 1.1: Music Scores, undated

Subseries 1.2: Published Sheet Music, 1883-1992

Series 2: Other Materials, 1940-2007, undated

Series 3: Audiovisual Materials, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Nathaniel "Bobby" Tucker Jr. was born in Morristown, New Jersey, January 8, 1923 and died there on April 12, 2007. He was an accomplished pianist, arranger, and accompanist. He began performing at the age of fourteen and later studied in New York at the Institute of Musical Art. In 1946, he became accompanist to jazz vocalist Mildred Bailey and later that year, to renowned jazz vocalist Billie Holiday, with whom he remained until 1949 and with whom he had a strong and enduring, platonic friendship. Tucker continued to make recordings with Holiday into the 1950s.

Beginning in 1949, Tucker embarked on a lifetime collaboration as accompanist and musical director for the great African American balladeer and recording artist Billy "Mr. B" Eckstine. After leading a highly-acclaimed band from 1944-1947, Eckstine returned to a career as a solo singer, becoming the country's most popular vocalist in 1949-1950 and signing a lucrative five-year contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Incorporated (MGM). Although his popularity waned after 1951, he continued to play in major nightclubs in the United States and abroad for the next several decades and to release several popular albums. As his piano accompanist for over forty years, Tucker helped build and sustain the singer's career, reinventing Eckstine as the nation's musical tastes changed, and the music industry evolved. During his stint with Eckstine, Tucker worked on concerts—planning, arranging music, transcribing, and transposing works for performances; on recordings—preparing written arrangements, working integrally with recording companies. Engagements included recordings and performances with the Count Basie Orchestra; recordings under the direction of Quincy Jones; performances in Las Vegas; and band tours of Europe, Australia, and Japan.

Tucker was a renowned piano accompanist, and while working for Eckstine he was eagerly sought out by other singers, including Johnny Hartman, Lena Horne, Tony Bennett, and Sarah Vaughan. He also collaborated with other jazz accompanists such as Jimmy Jones, Jimmy Rowles, and John Malachi. In his autobiography, Quincy Jones says that Tucker inspired him to begin studying music after they met in Seattle, while Jones was touring with Billie Holiday. Jones attributed all of the success he garnered in his career to the core skills he developed as a result of Tucker's inspiration. Tucker worked with Jones to arrange and conduct the music for the 1978 film The Wiz, which received an Academy Award nomination for best original music score.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program Collection (AC0808)

Contains an oral history interview with Bobby Tucker, February 27-28, 2004
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center in 2008 by Tucker's widow, Irma J. Tucker.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Musical arrangers  Search this
Music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Pianists  Search this
Musicians -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Orchestrations
Programs -- Concerts
Sheet music
Clippings
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1141
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1141
Additional Online Media:

"As Long As She Needs Me"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 8
Box 59, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref100

"My Music"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 35, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1005

"As Time Goes By"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 9
Box 59, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref101

"My Way"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 68, Folder 11
Box 35, Folder 6-7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1014

"Nana's Theme"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 36, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1029

"Nat Cole Medley"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 36, Folder 3-4
Box 78, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1034

"Autumn in Rome"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref104

"New Arrivals" and "Blues for Philly"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 37, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1041

"No Moon at All"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 37, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1052

"No One But You"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 37, Folder 4
Box 69, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1057

"No One Else But You"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 37, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1058

"No Orchids for My Lady"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 37, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1059

"No Other Love"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 69, Folder 4
Box 37, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1060

"Nobody Knows the Trouble"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 69, Folder 5
Box 37, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1062

"Autumn Leaves" and "Indian Summer"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref107

"Nothing Like the Blues"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 37, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1071

"Nothing But Trouble (Troubling Me)"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 37, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1072

"Now That I Need You (Where Are You)"

Collection Donor:
Tucker, Irma  Search this
Collection Author:
Tucker, Bobby, 1923-2008  Search this
Collection Creator:
Eckstine, Billy  Search this
Jones, Quincy, 1933-  Search this
Container:
Box 37, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Bobby Tucker Papers, 1883-1990, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Bobby Tucker Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1141-ref1074

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