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Martha Jackson letter to Lee Krasner

Creator:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg, 1907-1969  Search this
Krasner, Lee, 1908-1984  Search this
Subject:
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1956 Oct. 16
Topic:
Condolence notes  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13801
See more items in:
Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers, circa 1905-1984
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13801

Edward H. Weiss, Martha Jackson and Julian Goodman

Subject:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Johnson, Lyndon Baines  Search this
Weiss, Edward H. (Edward Huhner)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1968
Topic:
Artists at or with their work  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)2439
See more items in:
Miscellaneous photographs collection
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_2439
Additional Online Media:

Louise Nevelson at Ines Amor Gallery in Mexico

Subject:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Mexico
Date:
ca. 1966
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)4338
See more items in:
Louise Nevelson papers, circa 1903-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_4338
Additional Online Media:

Louise Nevelson at Ines Amor Gallery in Mexico

Subject:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
Mexico
Date:
ca. 1966
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)4339
See more items in:
Louise Nevelson papers, circa 1903-1982
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_4339
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Joan Ankrum, 1997 November 5-1998 February 4

Interviewee:
Ankrum, Joan, 1913-2001  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J., 1941-  Search this
Subject:
Hirshhorn, Joseph H.  Search this
Ankrum, Morris  Search this
Lundeberg, Helen  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Broderson, Morris Gaylord  Search this
Feitelson, Lorser  Search this
Zeitlin, Jake  Search this
Ankrum Gallery  Search this
Pasadena Playhouse  Search this
Topic:
Women art dealers  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Deaf artists  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Hearing impaired  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12691
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216355
AAA_collcode_ankrum97
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_216355
Additional Online Media:

Dorr Bothwell papers, 1900-2006

Creator:
Bothwell, Dorr Hodgson, 1902-2000  Search this
Subject:
Howard, Charles  Search this
Adams, Virginia Best  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire  Search this
Adnan, Etel  Search this
Adams, Ansel Easton  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Chinn, Benjamen  Search this
Pollock-Krasner Foundation  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Sketches  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Collages  Search this
Resumes  Search this
Tax records  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
Etchings  Search this
Art teachers  Search this
Diaries  Search this
Awards  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Visitors' books  Search this
Travel diaries  Search this
Typescripts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6774
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208900
AAA_collcode_bothdorr
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Women
Lives of American Artists
Audio - Visual
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208900
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Nathan Oliveira, 1978 Aug. 9-1981 Dec. 29

Interviewee:
Oliveira, Nathan, 1928-2010  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J., 1941-  Search this
Subject:
Bengston, Billy Al  Search this
Diebenkorn, Richard  Search this
Oldfield, Otis  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Boyle, Keith  Search this
Beckmann, Max  Search this
Albright, Ivan  Search this
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Figurative art  Search this
Artists' models  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11895
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212067
AAA_collcode_olivei78
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_212067

Oral history interview with Claire Falkenstein, 1995 Mar. 2-21

Interviewee:
Falkenstein, Claire, 1908-1997  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J., 1941-  Search this
Subject:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Still, Clyfford E.  Search this
Francis, Sam  Search this
Lusk, George  Search this
Tapie, Michel  Search this
Appel, Karel  Search this
Stadler Gallery  Search this
University of California, San Francisco.School of Fine Arts  Search this
Women in the Arts in Southern California Oral History Project  Search this
Topic:
Sound recordings  Search this
Artists  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12659
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215849
AAA_collcode_falken95
Theme:
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_215849
Additional Online Media:

Exhibition records of the Contemporary Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art, 1943-1975

Creator:
Finch College. Museum of Art  Search this
Varian, Elayne H. (Elayne Hanley), 1913-1987  Search this
Subject:
Castelli, Leo  Search this
O'Doherty, Brian  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Feigen, Richard L.  Search this
Brooks, James  Search this
Siegelaub, Seth  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
Acconci, Vito Hannibal  Search this
Smith, Tony  Search this
Insley, Will  Search this
Mazur, Michael  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Anderson, David K.  Search this
Kirby, Michael  Search this
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Chase, Doris Totten  Search this
Benglis, Lynda  Search this
Hollander, Irwin  Search this
Janis, Sidney  Search this
Davis, Douglas  Search this
Richter, Hans  Search this
Cross, Lloyd G.  Search this
Graham, Dan  Search this
Benyon, Margaret  Search this
Meyer, Ursula  Search this
Nauman, Bruce  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Sonfist, Alan  Search this
Levine, Les  Search this
Varian, Elayne H. (Elayne Hanley)  Search this
Weiner, Sam  Search this
Wise, Howard  Search this
Glimcher, Arnold B.  Search this
Bochner, Mel  Search this
Topic:
Sculptors  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Museum administrators  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Museum records  Search this
Painters  Search this
Gallery directors  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Video artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8114
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)210285
AAA_collcode_finccoll
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_210285
Additional Online Media:

Martha Jackson Gallery, 1953 to 1979 : including Appel, Fontana, Francis, Gorky, Gottlieb, Hofmann, Jenkins, Jensen, Mitchell, Nevelson, Tapies : September 14 to October 22, 1994, Associated American Artists

Author:
Associated American Artists  Search this
Subject:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg Exhibitions  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
16 p. : col. ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1994
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Call number:
N6512 .M34 1994
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_642460

Dorr Bothwell papers

Creator:
Bothwell, Dorr  Search this
Names:
Pollock-Krasner Foundation  Search this
Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984  Search this
Adams, Virginia Best  Search this
Adnan, Etel  Search this
Chinn, Benjamen, 1921-2009  Search this
Falkenstein, Claire, 1908-1997  Search this
Howard, Charles, 1899-1978  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Packard, Emmy Lou, 1914-1998  Search this
Extent:
10.6 Linear feet
1.72 Gigabytes
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Gigabytes
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Visitors' books
Interviews
Travel diaries
Scrapbooks
Collages
Sketches
Contracts
Awards
Diaries
Lecture notes
Date:
1900-2006
Summary:
The papers of California painter, printmaker, and art instructor Dorr Bothwell date from 1900-2006, and measure 10.6 linear feet and 1.72 GB. Found within the papers are biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, notes and writings, five diaries, art work and 19 sketchbooks, three scrapbooks, printed material, and print and digital photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of California painter, printmaker, and art instructor Dorr Bothwell date from 1900-2006, and measure 10.6 linear feet and 1.72 GB. Found within the papers are biographical material, correspondence, personal business records, notes and writings, five diaries, art work and 19 sketchbooks, three scrapbooks, printed material, and print and digital photographs.

Biographical material consists of biographical sketches, resum├ęs, identity cards, award certificates, typescripts of autobiographical interviews, address books, and a file concerning UFOs, spirituality, and philosophy.

Correspondence consists of letters exchanged between Bothwell and her colleagues and friends discussing their art-related activities, travel, and birthday greetings. There are scattered letters from Ansel and Virginia Adams, Etel Adnan, Benjamin Chinn, Claire Falkenstein, and Emmy Lou Packard.

Personal business records include teaching contracts, contracts and royalty statements for the publication of Bothwell's book Notan, insurance records, income tax records, records concerning a grant from the Pollock-Krasner Foundation, estate records, card files, lists of art work, price lists, exhibition entry cards, receipts for the sale of art work, travel receipts, medical receipts, and consignment/sales records.

Notes and writings include three diaries, two travel journals, guest books, miscellaneous lists, schedules of classes for various organizations and art schools including the Ansel Adams Yosemite Workshop, typescripts of lecture notes, and miscellaneous notes. There are also scattered writings by Bothwell and others.

Seventeen sketchbooks, including several completed during Bothwell's travels, and one dated 1942 illustrated with daily drawings of her activities while preparing for World War II, are found within the papers. There are also miscellaneous drawings, collages, a serigraph It's Time for a Change, an etching by Martha Jackson, and a drawing by Charles Howard.

Three scrapbooks contain clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, programs, and photographs of art work. Scrapbook 3 contains materials concerning spiritualism and mysticism. Additional printed material consists of clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, press releases, brochures for art classes, the sale of art work, travel, and camera equipment, reproductions of art work, picture postcards, programs, books, and miscellaneous commercial business cards.

Photographs are of Bothwell, her mother and brother, her studio/residences, miscellaneous friends and colleagues including her former husband, sculptor Donal Hord, miscellaneous events, and art classes conducted by Bothwell. There are also photographs of art work by Bothwell and others, as well as numerous photographs and slides of travel various forms in nature that Bothwell would incorporate into her art work.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1939-2001 (Box 1, 11, 13, 15; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1942-2002 (Box 1-3, 13; 2.3 linear feet)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1925-2006 (Box 3-4; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 4: Notes and Writings, 1949-1998 (Box 4, 11, 14, 15; 0.8 linear feet.)

Series 5: Art Work, 1920-1994 (Box 4-5, 11, 13, 16, 17; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, 1926-1979 (Box 5, 11, 12; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1923-2000 (Box 5-7, 12, 13; 1.8 linear feet)

Series 8: Photographs, 1900-2001 (Box 7-9, 10; 2.4 linear feet, ER01-ER04; 1.72 GB)
Biographical Note:
Dorr Bothwell (1902-2000) worked primarily in California as a painter, printmaker, and art instructor.

Doris Bothwell was born on May 3, 1902 in San Francisco, and later changed her first name to Dorr in order to more easily enter the art business. Bothwell began her art studies in 1916 with her parents' friend Anna Valentien, a student of Rodin. Between 1921 and 1922, she studied at the California School of Fine Art, and continued her studies at the University of Oregon at Eugene. After attending the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in 1924, she established her own studio in San Francisco from 1924 to 1927. Also during this time Bothwell, with eight other artists opened the Modern Gallery on Montgomery Street, mounting her first solo exhibition there in 1927.

Between 1928 and 1929, Bothwell traveled to American Samoa, where she created paintings and drawings, and documented tapa (barkcloth) drawings for the Bishop Museum of Honolulu. She then spent a year of study in Europe, returning to San Diego, California in 1931 and marrying sculptor Donal Hord. Four years later, they divorced and she moved to Los Angeles where she worked for the pottery manufacturer Gladding McBean, joined the post-surrealist group around Lorser Feitelson and Helen Lundeberg and opened the Bothwell-Cooke Gallery.

Between 1936 and 1939, Bothwell worked in the mural division of the Federal Arts Project of Los Angeles, and learned the art of serigraph printing. She designed dioramas and mechanized exhibitions for the Los Angeles County Museum. In 1940 she also created murals in the Manning Coffee Restaurant in San Francisco.

After teaching color and design at the California School of Fine Art in San Francisco from 1944 to 1948, Bothwell was awarded the Abraham Rosenberg Traveling Scholarship that financed study in Paris from 1949 to the fall of 1951. In 1952 she taught textile design for mass production at the Parsons School of Design in New York City.

Returning to San Francisco, Bothwell taught again at the California School of Fine Art from 1953 to 1958, and at the San Francisco Art Institute from 1959 to 1960. From 1960 to 1961 she took a sabbatical in England and France, creating paintings for an exhibition. In 1962 she was asked to teach at the new Mendocino Art Center and she taught there until 1983. She was also asked by Ansel Adams to teach design and composition for photographers at his Yosemite Workshop summer sessions, which she did from 1964 to 1977.

From 1966 to 1967, Bothwell documented indigo dying techniques, strip weaving, and pottery in Western Nigeria and Tunisia. In 1968, she published her book, co-authored with Marlys Frey, NOTAN The Principle of Dark-Light Design. The book was reissued in 1991. Bothwell continued her travels from 1970 to 1971, when she studied 12th century enamels in England, France, and Holland, and conducted a symposium, "Notan Design," for the London Educational Authority. In 1974, she traveled to Bali, Java, and Sumatra, making a slide documentary on batik, woodcarving, and folk design.

In 1977 Bothwell moved to Joshua Tree, California, from Mendocino in Northern California, but moved back and forth between the two studio/residences until 1992 when she moved to her last residence on the desert at Apache Junction, Arizona. From 1979 to 1980, she taught composition at the Victor School of Photography in Colorado and a design course at the Women's Art Guild in Kauai, Hawaii. Following a tour of China with a watercolor artists' group in 1982, Bothwell conducted workshops at the Mendocino Art Center. In 1985, she traveled to Japan.

Dorr Bothwell died on September 24, 2000 in Fort Bragg, California.
Provenance:
The Dorr Bothwell papers were donated in 1978 by the artist, and in 2002, 2009, and 2012 by the Dorr Bothwell Trust.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Dorr Bothwell papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Women artists -- California  Search this
Art teachers -- California  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Painters -- California  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Visitors' books
Interviews
Travel diaries
Scrapbooks
Collages
Sketches
Contracts
Awards
Diaries
Lecture notes
Citation:
Dorr Bothwell papers, 1900-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.bothdorr
See more items in:
Dorr Bothwell papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-bothdorr

The Martha Jackson Memorial Collection / Harry Rand

Author:
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
Rand, Harry  Search this
Subject:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg Art collections  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 113 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
New York (State)
New York
Date:
1985
20th century
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
N6512 .N318 1985
N5220.J14R18 1985
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_646766

Interview with Martha Jackson

Creator:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg, 1907-1969  Search this
Varian, Dorothy, 1895-1985  Search this
Subject:
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
circa 1969
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Dealers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)12302
See more items in:
Exhibition records of the Contemporary Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art, 1943-1975
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_12302

Exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art

Creator:
Finch College. Museum of Art  Search this
Varian, Elayne H.  Search this
Names:
Acconci, Vito, 1940-  Search this
Anderson, David K., 1935-  Search this
Benglis, Lynda, 1941-  Search this
Benyon, Margaret, 1940-  Search this
Bochner, Mel, 1940-  Search this
Brooks, James, 1906-1992  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Chase, Doris, 1923-  Search this
Cross, Lloyd G.  Search this
Davis, Douglas  Search this
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Feigen, Richard L., 1930-  Search this
Glimcher, Arnold B.  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974  Search this
Graham, Dan, 1942-  Search this
Hollander, Irwin  Search this
Insley, Will, 1929-2011  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Kirby, Michael  Search this
Levine, Les, 1935-  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy, 1923-1997  Search this
Mazur, Michael, 1935-2009  Search this
Meyer, Ursula, 1915-  Search this
Nauman, Bruce, 1941-  Search this
O'Doherty, Brian  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Richter, Hans, 1888-1976  Search this
Siegelaub, Seth, 1941-  Search this
Smith, Tony, 1912-1980  Search this
Sonfist, Alan  Search this
Weiner, Sam  Search this
Wise, Howard  Search this
Extent:
20.9 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Transcripts
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Museum records
Date:
1943-1975
bulk 1964-1975
Summary:
The exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art measure 20.9 linear feet and date from 1943 to 1975, with the bulk of records dating from the period its galleries were in operation, from 1964 to 1975. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of exhibition files, which contain a wide range of documentation including artist files, checklists, correspondence, writings, photographs, interviews, numerous films and videos, artist statements, printed materials, and other records. Also found within the collection are administrative records of the museum, artist files, and papers of the Contemporary Wing's director and curator, Elayne Varian, which were produced outside of her work at Finch College.
Scope and Contents:
The exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art measure 20.9 linear feet and date from 1943 to 1975, with the bulk of records dating from the period its galleries were in operation, from 1964 to 1975. Over two-thirds of the collection consists of exhibition files, which contain a wide range of documentation including artist files, checklists, correspondence, writings, photographs, interviews, numerous films and videos, artist statements, printed materials, and other records. Also found within the collection are administrative records of the museum, artist files, and papers of the Contemporary Wing's director and curator, Elayne Varian, which were produced outside of her work at Finch College.

Administrative records include records relating to the general operation of the Contemporary Wing concerning fundraising, professional associations, budget, contact information for artists, donors, and lenders to exhibitions. Also found are records of the permanent collection of artworks acquired by the museum between 1964 and 1975 from contemporary artists and collectors of contemporary art.

Artist files contain basic biographical information on over 150 contemporary artists, with scattered correspondence, photographs, technical information about artworks, artist statements, and other writings. Artist files also include an incomplete run of artist questionnaires gathered by the New York Arts Calendar Annual for 1964.

Elayne Varian's personal papers include curatorial records, a course schedule and syllabus related to her teaching activities, and various writings. Curatorial projects documented in Varian's papers include three programs produced outside of Finch College, including a juried show at the New York State Fair in 1967, a film series at Everson Museum of Syracuse University, and an exhibition at Guild Hall in East Hampton in 1973. Several of Varian's writing projects involved interviews, which are also found in this series in the form of sound recordings and transcripts. Interview-based writing projects include individual profiles on Brian O'Doherty and Babette Newberger, and interviews conducted for an article on the artist-dealer relationship published in Art in America (January 1970). Dealers interviewed for the latter project include Leo Castelli, Virginia Dwan, John Gibson, Richard Feigen, Arnold Glimcher, Fred Mueller, Martha Jackson, Sidney Janis, Betty Parsons, Seth Siegelaub, and Howard Wise. Artists interviewed include Roy Lichtenstein, Adolph Gottlieb, and Charles Ross.

Exhibition files, comprising the bulk of the collection, document exhibitions held in the Contemporary Wing during its existence from 1964 to 1975. Types of records found in the series include exhibition catalogs, correspondence, loan agreements, lists, contact information, insurance valuations of artworks, photographs, biographical information on artists, clippings, posters, press releases, and other publicity materials. In addition to the rich textual and photographic records found for exhibitions, numerous audiovisual recordings are also found, some of which were made in preparation for an exhibition, some document mounted exhibitions, and others are artworks themselves or components of artworks exhibited in the galleries. Interviews with artists, dealers, and others involved in exhibitions include Alan Sonfist, Mel Bochner, Hans Richter, Ruth Richards, James Brooks and Janet Katz, Margaret Benyon, Irwin Hollander (transcript only), David Anderson, Doris Chase, Will Insley, Michael Kirby, Les Levine, Ursula Meyer, Brian O'Doherty, Charles Ross, Tony Smith, Douglas Davis, Jane Davis, Russ Connor, Les Levine, Michael Mazur, Paul Gedeohn, and physicists Lloyd G. Cross, Allyn Z. Lite, and Gerald Thomas Bern Pethick. Video artworks, recordings of performances, or components of multimedia artworks are found by artists Vito Acconci, Kathy Dillon, Douglas Davis, Dan Graham, Les Levine, Bruce Nauman, Michael Netter, Eric Siegel, and Robert Whitman. A film of the Art in Process: The Visual Development of a Structure (1966) exhibition is found, and video recordings of artists Lynda Benglis, Michael Singer, and Sam Wiener form as part of the documentation for the Projected Art: Artists at Work (1971) exhibition.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 4 series.

Series 1: Administrative Records, 1950-1975 (2 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, 22, OV 23)

Series 2: Artist Files, 1958-1975 (2.4 linear feet; Boxes 3-4, 22, OV 23, FC 27-28)

Series 3: Elayne Varian Personal Papers, 1965-1970 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 5-6)

Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1943-1975 (14.9 linear feet; Boxes 6-22, OV 24-25, FC 26)
Biographical / Historical:
The Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art, later called simply the "Contemporary Wing," was established in 1964 by the president of Finch College, Roland De Marco, as an extension the Finch College Museum of Art in New York City.

Its mission was to educate art history students at the Manhattan women's college who were interested in working with contemporary art. DeMarco, himself an art collector, hired Elayne Varian as director and curator of the contemporary wing. DeMarco met Varian in the New York office of the prominent international art dealership Duveen Brothers, where she had worked since the mid-1940s, most recently as an art dealer. Varian received her art education in Chicago, where she studied art history and education at the University of Chicago, and took classes in film at the Bauhaus and in fine art the Art Institute of Chicago. Sensitive to emerging art movements in galleries and studios around the city of New York, as the contemporary wing's curator, Varian quickly established a reputation for thoughtfully conceived, cutting-edge exhibitions which were consistently well-received by the press.

Under Varian, the Contemporary Wing carried out a dual mission of showing work of living artists and educating students and the public about the artwork and museum work in general. Varian used the galleries to provide practical training to students interested in a gallery or museum career throughout its existence. For several years, she also maintained an assistantship position for post-graduate museum professionals to gain experience in the field, many of whom went on to careers in museums across New York State.

The Contemporary Wing's best-known exhibitions formed a series of six shows called Art in Process, held between 1965 and 1972. Each of the Art in Process shows took a different medium, including painting, sculpture, collage, conceptual art, installation art, and serial art, and brought the process of art-making into the gallery with the artworks in various ways. For example, for Art in Process V (1972), the show about installation art, the galleries were open to the public for the entire process of its installation, allowing visitors to watch the works take shape. Another show entitled Documentation (1968) exhibited artworks with documentation such as artist's notes, sales records, and conservation records, bringing to light the value of record-keeping in the visual arts. Two exhibitions entitled Projected Art were also innovative, with the first (1966-1967) bringing experimental films from the cinema to the galleries, and the second (1971) showing artists' processes via footage and slides of artists working. Another show, Artists' Videotape Performances (1971), involved both screening of and creation of works in the gallery using a range of experiments with recent video technology. The museum also participated in an experimental broadcast of an artwork entitled Talk Out! by Douglas Davis, in which a telephone in the gallery allowed visitors to participate in its creation while it was broadcast live from Syracuse, NY. Other exhibitions that showcased experimentation in art included N-Dimensional Space (1970), on holography in art, Destruction Art(1968), on destructive actions being incorporated into contemporary art-making, and Schemata 7 (1967), a show about the use of environments in contemporary art, whose working title was "Walk-in Sculpture."

Other popular exhibitions at the Contemporary Wing included shows on Art Deco (1970) and Art Nouveau (1969). Several shows mined the private collections of prominent contemporary art collectors including Martha Jackson, Betty Parsons, George Rickey, Paul Magriel, Jacques Kaplan, Josephine and Philip Bruno, and Carlo F. Bilotti. A number of exhibitions featured contemporary art from overseas including Art from Belgium (1965), Art from Finland (1973), Seven Swedish Painters (1965), and Art in Jewelry (1966), which featured mainly international jewelry artists. Retrospective exhibitions of Hans Richter, Hugo Weber, and James Brooks were also held.

Hundreds of contemporary artists were shown at the Contemporary Wing in the eleven years of its existence, including many who came to be leading figures in contemporary art, and some who already were, including Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Mel Bochner, Eva Hesse, Lynda Benglis, Bruce Nauman, Robert Morris, Lawrence Weiner, Robert Smithson, Sol Le Witt, Dan Flavin, Philip Pearlstein, and Yayoi Kusama, to name just a few.

The Contemporary Wing and the entire Finch College Museum of Art shut its doors in 1975, when Finch College closed due to lack of funds. The permanent collection was sold at that time, and the proceeds were used to pay Finch College employee salaries. Elayne Varian went on to the position of curator of contemporary art at the John and Mabel Ringling Museum in Sarasota, Florida. She died in 1987.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with curator Elayne Varian conducted by Paul Cummings, May 2, 1975.
Provenance:
The Archives of American Art acquired these records from the Finch College Museum of Art after it closed permanently in June 1975.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Museum administrators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Museum curators -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Video artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Gallery directors  Search this
Gallery owners  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Museum records
Citation:
Exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art, 1943-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.finccoll
See more items in:
Exhibition records of the Contemporary Study Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-finccoll
Additional Online Media:

Oral history interview with Martha Jackson, 1969 May 23

Interviewee:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg, 1907-1969  Search this
Interviewer:
Cummings, Paul, 1933-  Search this
Subject:
Hofmann, Hans  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Art and motion pictures  Search this
Art  Search this
Art and literature  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11885
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211957
AAA_collcode_jackso69
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_211957

Interview with David Anderson

Creator:
Anderson, David K., 1935-2009  Search this
Varian, Elayne H. (Elayne Hanley), 1913-1987  Search this
Subject:
Anderson, David K.  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
between 1969 and 1975
Topic:
Art market  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15290
See more items in:
Exhibition records of the Contemporary Wing of the Finch College Museum of Art, 1943-1975
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15290

Lynne Drexler papers, 1956-1980

Creator:
Drexler, Lynne Mapp, 1928-1999  Search this
Subject:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Spohn, Clay Edgar  Search this
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9332
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211528
AAA_collcode_drexlynn
Theme:
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211528

G. Alan Chidsey papers, 1920-1979

Creator:
Chidsey, G. Alan  Search this
Subject:
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
McCausland, Elizabeth  Search this
Hartley, Marsden  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred  Search this
Topic:
Lawyers  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Book dealers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7407
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209564
AAA_collcode_chidg
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209564

John Hultberg papers, 1942-1993

Creator:
Hultberg, John, 1922-2005  Search this
Subject:
Drexler, Lynne Mapp  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Spohn, Clay Edgar  Search this
Kantor, Morris  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9026
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211215
AAA_collcode_hultjohn
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211215

Theo Hios papers, 1938-1994

Creator:
Hios, Theo, 1908-1999  Search this
Subject:
Porter, Fairfield  Search this
Bier, Elmira  Search this
Canaday, John Edwin  Search this
Jackson, Martha Kellogg  Search this
Osver, Arthur  Search this
Weston, Harold  Search this
Topic:
Art, Byzantine  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Graphic artists  Search this
Sketchbooks  Search this
Art, Greek  Search this
Painters  Search this
War photography  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9016
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211205
AAA_collcode_hiostheo
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Photography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211205

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