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Myron Bement Smith Collection

Creator:
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Source:
Blake, Marion Elizabeth  Search this
Names:
Aga-Oglu, Mehmet, 1896-1949  Search this
Ettinghausen, Richard  Search this
Field, Henry  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Kuban, Dogan  Search this
Moe, Henry Allen  Search this
Pope, Arthur Upham, 1881-1969  Search this
Former owner:
Blake, Marion Elizabeth  Search this
Extent:
192 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1910-1970
Summary:
The Myron Bement Smith collection consists of two parts, the papers of Myron Bement Smith and his wife Katharine and the Islamic Archives. It contains substantial material about his field research in Italy in the 1920s and his years working on Islamic architecture in Iran in the 1930s. Letters describe the milieu in which he operated in Rochester NY and New York City in the 1920s and early 1930s; the Smiths' life in Iran from 1933 to 1937; and the extensive network of academic and social contacts that Myron and Katharine developed and maintained over his lifetime. The Islamic Archives was a project to which Smith devoted most of his professional life. It includes both original materials, such as his photographs and notes, and items acquired by him from other scholars or experts on Islamic art and architecture. Smith intended the Archives to serve as a resource for scholars interested in the architecture and art of the entire Islamic world although he also included some materials about non-Islamic architecture.
Scope and Contents:
The Myron Bement Smith Collection consists of two parts, the papers of Myron Bement Smith and his wife Katharine and the Islamic Archives. The papers include some biographic material about Myron but little about his wife. Information on his academic and professional experience is sketchy and his diaries and appointment books often contain only sporadic entries. The papers contain substantial material about his field research in Italy in the 1920s and his years working on Islamic architecture in Iran in the 1930s. Correspondence comprises the largest and most potentially useful part of the papers. Letters describe the milieu in which he operated in Rochester, NY and New York City in the 1920s and early 1930s; the Smiths' life in Iran from 1933 to 1937; and the extensive network of academic and social contacts that Myron and Katharine developed and maintained over his lifetime.

The Islamic Archives, formally entitled The Archive for Islamic Culture and Art, was a project to which Smith devoted most of his professional life. It includes both original materials, such as his photographs and notes, and items acquired by him from other scholars or experts on Islamic art and architecture. Most of the latter consists of photographs and slides. Smith intended the Archives to serve as a resource for scholars interested in the architecture and art of the entire Islamic world although he also included some materials about non-Islamic architecture. The core collection of the Archives consists of Smith's original photographs and architectural sketches of Iranian Islamic monuments made during his field research in the 1930s. He meticulously photographed the interior and exterior of monuments, including their decorative detail. Some of the photographic materials subsequently loaned, purchased, or donated to the Archives may enable scholars to document sites over time but in many cases the materials are poorly preserved or reproduced. A notable exception to this is the glassplate negatives and prints of 19th century Iranian photographer Antoin Sevruguin.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 2 major series with further subseries. A third series inventories the outsized and miscellaneous materials.

Series 1: Papers

Subseries 1.1: Biographic Materials

Subseries 1.2: Professional Experience

Subseries 1.3: Notebooks, Journals and Appointment Books

Subseries 1.4: Correspondence

Subseries 1.5: Published and Unpublished Materials

Subseries 1.6: Italy Research 1925, 1927-1928

Subseries 1.7: Iran Research 1933-1937

Subseries 1.8: Katharine Dennis Smith Papers and Correspondence

Series 2: The Islamic Archives

Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information

Subseries 2.2: Resource Materials Iran

Subseries 2.3: Resource Materials Other Islamic World and General

Subseries 2.4: Myron Bement Smith Architectural Sketches, Plans and Notes, Iran, 1933-1937

Subseries 2.5: Myron Bement Smith Iran Photographs, Notebooks and Negative Registers

Subseries 2.6: Country Photograph File

Subseries 2.7: Lantern Slide Collection

Subseries 2.8: Myron Bement Smith 35 mm Color Slides

Subseries 2.9: Country 35 mm Color Slide File

Subseries 2.10: Myron Bement Smith Negatives

Subseries 2.11: Country Photograph Negatives

Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs

Series 3: Outsize and Miscellaneous Items

Subseries 3.1: Map Case Drawers

Subseries 3.2: Rolled Items

Subseries 3.3 Items in Freezer

Subseries 3.4 Smithsonian Copy Negatives
Biographical Note:
Myron Bement Smith was born in Newark Valley, New York in 1897 and grew up in Rochester, New York. He died in Washington D.C. in 1970. He showed an early interest in drawing, and after graduation from high school, he worked as a draftsman for a Rochester architect. He served in the US Army Medical Corps in France during World War I and on return again worked as an architectural draftsman. He studied at Yale University from 1922 to 1926, earning a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. During summer vacations, he worked as draftsman or designer for architectural firms in New York City. After graduation, he received a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation grant and spent two years in Italy doing research on northern Italian brick and stone work. He used photography as an tool for his research and published several well-illustrated articles. On return he joined an architectural firm in Philadelphia and in 1931 became a registered architect in New York. He enrolled in Harvard University graduate school in 1929 pursuing a Master of Fine Arts degree.

In April 1930, Smith was appointed Secretary of the newly created American Institute for Persian Art and Archaeology founded by Arthur Upham Pope and located in New York City. He had no prior academic or work experience in Islamic art or architecture, and his job entailed designing publications, arranging lectures, organizing exhibitions and fund raising. That summer he arranged an independent study course at Harvard University on Persian art and subsequently studied Persian language at Columbia University and attended graduate courses at the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University. His work and academic credentials enabled him to compete successfully for a research fellowship from the American Council of Learned Societies in 1933 to study Iranian Islamic architecture.

Accompanied by his new bride Katharine Dennis, Smith left for Iran in 1933. They suffered a horrendous motor vehicle accident in Iraq en route and required a lengthy recuperation in Lebanon and Cyprus. The Smiths eventually arrived in Isfahan, Iran, where they established their "Expedition House," as Smith called it, in a rented faculty house at Stuart College. Smith's research consisted of meticulous photographic documentation of Islamic monuments and architectural sketches and drawings of many of them. He concentrated on the Isfahan area but also documented monuments elsewhere in Iran. Smith outfitted his station wagon as a combination camper and research vehicle in which he and his staff traveled widely. Katharine sometimes traveled with him but generally she remained in Isfahan managing the household and logistics for the "expedition." The Smiths left Iran in 1937.

Smith published several articles about Iran's Islamic monuments based on his field research and in 1947 completed his PhD thesis for The Johns Hopkins University on the vault in Persian architecture. His professional career from 1938 until his death in 1970 consisted of a series of temporary academic positions, contract work and government or academic sponsored lecture tours and photographic exhibits. He had a long lasting relationship with the Library of Congress where he served as an Honorary Consultant from 1938 to 1940 and again from 1948 to 1970; from 1943 to 1944 he was Chief of the Iranian Section at the Library. Despite his lack of published material, Smith was well-known among academic, government and private citizens who worked, traveled or were otherwise interested Iran and the Islamic world.

Smith developed an extensive network of professional and social contacts that dated from his early student days and increased markedly during his time at the Persian Institute and later in Iran. He kept in touch with them and they touted him to others who were interested in Iran or Islamic art and architecture. This network served him well in realizing his ambition of creating a resource for scholars that relied on photographs to document Islamic architecture. The Islamic Archives began with his own collection of photographs from his Iran research and grew to include all manner of photographic and other materials not only on the Islamic world but also other areas. Creating and managing the Archives became the main focus of Smith's professional life and career. In 1967 he received a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to revise his PhD thesis as a publishable manuscript but died before he could complete it.
Related Materials:
The Antoin Sevruguin Photgraphs

Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Lionel B. Bier Drawings

Lionel D. Bier and Carol Bier Photographs
Provenance:
Gift of Myron Bement Smith
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Islamic architecture  Search this
Islamic Architecture-Turkey  Search this
Iran-description and travel  Search this
Iran-History 20th Century  Search this
Islamic Architecture-Middle East  Search this
Iran-social life and customs  Search this
United States-Social life and customs  Search this
Mosques  Search this
Architecture -- Iran  Search this
Citation:
The Myron Bement Smith Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A.04
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith Collection
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-04
Additional Online Media:

Court of Honor, W supporting wall. AMI, vol.I, fig.38

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 236
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2332.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Palace H (Palace of Artaxerxes), Western End of the Facade: View of Relief Picturing Procession of Servants as well as Fragment of Artaxerxes I Inscription, Art. I Pers. a, Akkadian Version. 1923-1928. 13 cm. x 18 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12747

Hadish. Two servants. AMI, vol.I, fig.33

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 259
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2333.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Hadish (Palace of Xerxes), Eastern Apartment, West Jamb of Northern Doorway: View of Relief Depicting Pairs of Attendants. 1923-1928. 18 cm. x 13 cm.Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12793

Hadish. Closer view of staircase

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 267
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2334.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Hadish (Palace of Xerxes), Southern Stairway Leading to Balcony: View before Excavation. 1923-1928. 13 cm. x 18 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12809

N tomb. AMI, vol.I, fig.45

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 286
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2318.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Tomb of Artaxerxes III Ochus: View before Excavation. 1923-1928. 13 cm. x 18 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12847

S tomb. Artaxerxes II.

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 291
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2319.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Tomb of Artaxerxes II Mnemon: View before Excavation. 1923-1928. 13 cm. x 18 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12857

Tachara of Darius. Servants mounting stairs

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 221
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2331.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Tachara Palace (Palace of Darius), Western Flight of Southern Stairway: Detail View of Relief Picturing Procession of Persian and Median Servants. 1923-1928. 13 cm. x 18 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12717

Tachara of Darius. Figures mounting steps

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 225
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2329.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Tachara Palace (Palace of Darius), Central Facade of Western Stairway: View of Relief Picturing Gift-Bearing Delegates Ascending Imaginary Stairs. 1923-1928. 13 cm. x 18 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12725

Tachara of Darius. Xerxes inscription on supporting wall in front of Tachara

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 229
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2330.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Tachara Palace (Palace of Darius), Central Facade of Southern Stairway: View of Relief Picturing Xerxes Inscription, XPcb, Akkadian Version. 1923-1928. 18 cm. x 13 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12733

Fragment of bull's head

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 230
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2323.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Tachara Palace (Palace of Darius): View of Stone Fragment Picturing Head of a Bull. 1923-1928. 18 cm. x 13 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12735

Unfinished tomb of Darius III. AMI, vol.I, fig.53

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 297
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 1702.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Unfinished Tomb: View of the Damaged Façade. 1923-1928. 13 cm. x 18 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12869

Southern section. Huge column base. AMI, vol.I, fig.52

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 301
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2320.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Ruins of Achaemenian Structures, South of Terrace Complex: View before Excavation. 1923-1928. 13 cm. x 18 cm.Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12877

Firuzabad, Kaleh-I dukhtar. From N. AHI, p1.XIV

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 97
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 1751.
Scope and Contents:
Vicinity of Firuzabad (Iran):Qal'a-ye Dokhtar: Detail View of the Sasanian Fortress. 1905-1934. 13 cm. x 18 cm. Handwritten notes on related blueprint reads, "Kaleh-I dukhtar near Firuzabad." Firuzabad, Kaleh-I dukhtar. From N. AHI, p1.XIV.";Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.7: Photo File 7: "Sasanian Architecture" / 4.7.1: Vol. 1
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref13654

Tachara of Darius. Pier with cuneiform inscription

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 199
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2326.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Tachara Palace (Palace of Darius), West Anta of the South Portico: View of Xerxes Trilingual Inscription, XPca. 1923-1928. 18 cm. x 13 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12673

Tachara of Darius. One wall

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 200
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2325.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Tachara Palace (Palace of Darius), Main Hall: View of Niches and Doorways Leading to the Eastern and Western Apartments. 1923-1928. 13 cm. x 18 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12675

Tachara of Darius. Door. IAE, p1.XLV, left

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 201
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2327.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Tachara Palace (Palace of Darius), South Portico: View of Doorway Leading into the Main Hall. 1923-1928. 13 cm. x 18 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12677

Tachara of Darius. Hero stabbing bull

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 213
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2324.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Persepolis (Iran):Tachara Palace (Palace of Darius), West Wall of Main Hall, North Jamb of Northern Doorway: View of Relief Picturing royal Hero Battling an Erect Bull. 1923-1928. 18 cm. x 13 cm. Additional information from Staff reads, "Glass negative is missing."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref12701

Tepe Giyān. Albarello. ID, p1.XVIII, 5; IAE, p1.XX, bottom right, 2

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 93
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 754.
Scope and Contents:
Vicinity of Nihavand (Iran):Ceramic Vessel with Painted Pattern and Geometrical Ornamentation, from Prehistoric Mound of Tepe Giyan.Glass Negative probably related to campaigns of investigation at Nahavand (Iran), carried out by Ernst Herzfeld between 1923 and 1931. 18 cm. x 13 cm. Glass Negatives, chronogically numbered from 1 to 5,075, originally stored in 80 wooden boxes of approximately 50 photographs each, are now housed in archival boxes and stored on shelves.Inventory of objects in Ernst Herzfeld Papers N-91, inventory number 2442; Drawing number 642 in Ernst Herzfeld Papers; Sketchbook in Ernst Herzfeld Papers: SK-27, p.40; Handwritten notes on related blueprint reads, "Tf 18, 5; Skzb. I
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.1: Photo File 1: "Prehistoric pottery, etc., bronzes, stone" / 4.1.1: Vol. 1, Nos. 1--110
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref11038

Pasargadae. Another view

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Container:
Item Print 164
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Scope and Contents note:
Print corresponds to negative number 2214.
Scope and Contents:
Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran):Rock-Cut Canal, also knowned as the "Royal Road," on Sides of the Pulvar River. Ernst Herzfeld first visited the site of Pasargadae in November 1905 while on an expedition from Assur (Kalat Schergat, Iraq) to Shiraz (Iran). In mid-November 1923, he conducted a preleminary campaign, completing various measured plans and drawings. Finally, a four-week session of excavations in April and May 1928, funded by the Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft, was carried out by Ernst Herzfeld, assisted by the architect Friedrich Krefter. 18 cm. x 13 cm. Handwritten notes on related blueprint reads, "Pasargadae, rock-cut road to Persepolis."
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.2: Photo File 2: "Pre-Achaemenian, Pasargadae, Naqsh-i Rustam, Istakhr" / Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref11688

Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Topic:
Papyrus
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistas Mari, al-Karmili, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Krefter, Friedrich, 1898-1995  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Extent:
150 Linear feet (circa 30,000 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Place:
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Persepolis (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Syria
Date:
1903-1947
Summary:
An outstanding scholar in the field of Iranian studies, Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948) explored all phases of Near Eastern culture from the prehistoric period to Islamic times. This collection documents Herzfeld's excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo and includes correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
Papers (1899--1962) of German born archaeologist Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879--1948), a preeminent scholar of Near Eastern and Iranian studies. The collection measures 150 linear feet (circa 30,000 items) and documents Herzfeld's work as a pioneer in the field and sheds light on his excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo. Formats include correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into seven series.

Series 1: Travel journals

Series 2: Sketchbooks

Series 3: Notebooks

Series 4: Photographic files 1-42

Series 5: Drawings and maps

Series 6: Squeezes

Series 7: Samarra Expedition
Biographical / Historical:
The Ernst Herzfeld Papers document the career of Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948), a German architect, archaeologist, and historian of Islamic and Pre-Islamic studies. After training as an architect he studied archaeology under Delitzch from 1903 to 1906 at the excavations at Assur in Mesopotamia. A student of Latin, Greek, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hebrew, Herzfeld received a doctorate in Humanistic Studies at universities in Munich and Berlin in 1907. His work with Friedrich Sarre to survey the monuments of the Tigris-Euphrates valleys resulted in landmark studies in architectural history, published in 1911 and 1920.

In 1920 Herzfeld was appointed to the chair of Historical Geography in Berlin and began his excavation at Samarra. Herzfeld's work there led to a six-volume publication. He published widely throughout his life on the sources of Islamic architecture and ornament, including the Royal Palace at Persepolis.

From 1934 until the end of his life Herzfeld spent his time producing many books and articles, lecturing, and working at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (1936--1945.) Many of his works continue to be published post-humously.

1879 July 23 -- Born in Celle, Germany.

1897 -- Received diploma from Joachimsthaler Gymnasium, Berlin.

1897-circa 1898 -- Fulfilled military service.

circa 1899 -- Studied architecture at the Technical University and Assyriology, art history, and philosophy at the Friedrich-Wilhems Universität in Berlin.

1903 -- Passed exam in structural engineering.

1903-1905 -- Assistant to Walter Andrae (1875-1956) in Assur.

1905-1906 -- Traveled throughout Iran and Iraq.

1907 -- Excavation in Cilicia. Passed oral exam in February. Awarded doctorate in Humanistic Studies by Friedrich-Wilhems Universtät zu Berlin. After receiving Ph.D. traveled extensively in Syria and Iraq with Friedrich Sarre, director of the Islamic Museum in Berlin.

1910 -- Herzfeld and Sarre jointly publish, Iranische Felsreliefs (Berlin, 1910).

1911-1913 -- Field Director under direction of Sarre during expedition to Samarra.

circa 1914 -- Drafted into service in France and Poland during World War I. Sent to Iraq where he functioned as a surveyor.

1916 -- Father died.

1917 -- Appointed associate professor for Historical Geography and Art History of the Ancient Orient at Berlin. Along with Friedrich Sarre and others, founded the German-Persian Society to increase cultural and economic exchange between Germany and Persia.

1920 -- Appointed world's first full professor of Near Eastern Archeology. Begins excavation at Samarra.

1922 -- Mother died.

1923-1934 -- In Persia, where he completed many excavations and studies.

1928 -- Excavation at Pasargadae.

1931-1934 -- Appointed director of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago and moved to Persepolis.

1934 -- As grandson of Jews, Nazi legislation expelling state employees of Jewish descent forced Herzfeld to retire as a professor employed by the state. Moved to London.

1936 -- Delivered Lowell Lectures. Moved to Boston. Lectured on Iranian history and appointed a member of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study.

1944 -- Retired from Princeton University.

1948 January 20 -- Died.
Provenance:
Ernst Herzfeld donated his papers to the Freer Gallery of Art in 1946.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ayyubids  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper Squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-06
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