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MS 4846 Correspondence between BAE authors and the BAE Editorʹs office

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology Editor  Search this
Carmichael, Leonard  Search this
Johnson, F.  Search this
Correspondent:
Adams, William Yewdale  Search this
Alphonse, Rev. E.S.  Search this
Bass, William Marvin, III  Search this
Basso, Keith  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Biese, L. P.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowers, Alfred W.  Search this
Boyd, Mark F.  Search this
Bunzel, Ruth Leah, 1898-1990  Search this
Caldwell, Warren W.  Search this
Cancillius, D.  Search this
Capron, Louis Bishop, 1891-1971  Search this
Chafe, William  Search this
Coe, Joffre Lanning  Search this
Coe, Michael  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Cooper, Paul L. (Paul Lemen), 1909-1961  Search this
Davis, I.  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Devereux, George  Search this
Dorsey, H. W.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Evans, Clifford, Jr  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Fenton, William N. (William Nelson), 1908-2005  Search this
Fisher, E. M.  Search this
Flannery, Kent Vaughn  Search this
Flannery, Regina  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Follett, W. I.  Search this
Fowke, Gerard, 1855-1933  Search this
Gearing, Frederick O., 1922-  Search this
Gentry H. S.  Search this
Gifford, Edward Winslow  Search this
Goggin, John M.  Search this
Goldfrank, Esther Schiff  Search this
Grange, R. T., Jr  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Gulick, John  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Hass, Mary  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henry, J.  Search this
Hickerson, Harold  Search this
Hickerson, Joseph Charles, 1935-  Search this
Hilger, Marie Inez, Sister, 1891-1977  Search this
Hoffman, B.  Search this
Holland, C. G.  Search this
Holzinger, C. H.  Search this
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Hoyme, Lucile Eleanor  Search this
Jelks, Edward  Search this
Jones, J. A.  Search this
Keyes, I.  Search this
Kilpatrick, F. and A.  Search this
Kissell, Mary Lois  Search this
Krieger, Herbert W. (Herbert William), 1889-1970  Search this
Kupferer, Harriet J.  Search this
Kurath, G.  Search this
Kutsche, P.  Search this
Ladd, J.  Search this
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Landy, D.  Search this
Le Claire, P.  Search this
Lewis, M. G.  Search this
Lounsbury, Floyd Glenn  Search this
Malouf, Carling I. (Carling Isaac), 1916-2007  Search this
Mangelsdorf  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Mason  Search this
Mattes, Merrill, J.  Search this
Merriam, A. P.  Search this
Metcalf, George, 1900-1975  Search this
Meyer, G.  Search this
Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938  Search this
Miller, Carl F.  Search this
Mills, J. E.  Search this
Morley, Sylvanus Griswold  Search this
Murrill, R.  Search this
Neuman, R.  Search this
Oberg, Kalvero  Search this
O'Bryan, A.  Search this
Olbrechts, Frans M., 1899-1958  Search this
Osborne, Douglas  Search this
Oswalt, W.  Search this
Palmer, M. H.  Search this
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941  Search this
Petersen, Karen Daniels  Search this
Pierson, D.  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Rands, R. L.  Search this
Rhodes, Willard, 1901-1992  Search this
Roberts, Helen H. (Helen Heffron), 1888-1985  Search this
Roth, William P.  Search this
Shimkin, Demitri Boris  Search this
Shiner, Joel L.  Search this
Smith, C.  Search this
Smith, Homer Garner  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Spencer, Robert  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Squier, Robert J.  Search this
Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922  Search this
Thomas, R. K.  Search this
Tooker, Elizabeth  Search this
Tschopik, Harry S. Jr.  Search this
Tsien Y. Y.  Search this
Van Stone, James W.  Search this
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988  Search this
Vogt, Evon Zartman  Search this
Wallace, A.  Search this
Wallace, W. J.  Search this
Webb, William S. (William Snyder), 1882-1964  Search this
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996  Search this
Weiant, C. W. (Clarence Wolsey), 1897-1986  Search this
Weltfish, Gene, 1902-1980  Search this
Wheeler, Richard Page  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Wilder, C. S.  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Wood, Raymond  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Ackerknecht, Erwin H.  Search this
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985  Search this
Boyd W.  Search this
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
De Avile, B.  Search this
De Gandia, E.  Search this
Frenguelli, Joaquín, 1883-1958  Search this
Gillin, John, 1907-1973  Search this
Gilmore, R. M.  Search this
Goldman, Irving, 1911-2002  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Henckel, C.  Search this
Horton, D.  Search this
Imbelloni, J.  Search this
Kubler, G. A.  Search this
La Barre, Weston, 1911-1996  Search this
Levi-Strauss, C.  Search this
Lipkind, William, 1904-1974  Search this
Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957  Search this
McBryde, F. W.  Search this
McCown, T. D.  Search this
Mason, John Alden, 1885-1967  Search this
Miller, R. R.  Search this
OʹNeale, Lila M.  Search this
Parks, E. T.  Search this
Pourchet, M. J.  Search this
Powers, N.  Search this
Riley, M. W.  Search this
Root, W. C.  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Rowe, John Howland, 1918-2004  Search this
Sauer, Carl  Search this
Steggerda, Morris  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Stone, D.  Search this
Stout, D. C.  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Wilson, E. A.  Search this
Science Information Services  Search this
Names:
Hunter College  Search this
Extent:
3 Volumes
4 Boxes
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Date:
1927-1967
Scope and Contents:
Also records of galley and page proofs.
Arrangement:
Letters are arranged alphabetically by author, except for a separate file relating to the Handbook of South American Indians (BAE-B 143).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4846
Topic:
Handbook of Middle American Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Policy  Search this
River Basin Survey Bulletin-Final Costs  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4846, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4846
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4846

MS 3328 Map of archaeological and ethnological sites in the Humboldt Lake region, Nevada, with list of 74 native names, type of site, etc

Creator:
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Extent:
9 Pages
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Maps
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3328
Topic:
Humbolt Lake Region (Nevada) -- Archeology -- Ethnology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps
Citation:
Manuscript 3328, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3328
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3328

MS 2009-15 May Mayko Ebihara oral history interviews with anthropologists

Creator:
Ebihara, May, 1934-2005  Search this
Interviewee:
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Davenport, William  Search this
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997  Search this
Foster, George McClelland, 1913-  Search this
Hanks, Jane Richardson, 1908-2014  Search this
Hanks, L. M.  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Hockett, Charles  Search this
Kirsch, Thomas G.  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Lounsbury, Floyd Glenn  Search this
Mandelbaum, David G.  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Meggitt, Mervyn J., 1924-  Search this
Miller, Robert J., 1923-1994  Search this
Miller, Beatrice Diamond, 1919-  Search this
Miner, Horace M.  Search this
Murdock, George Peter, 1897-1985  Search this
Murphy, Robert  Search this
Murra, John V. (John Victor), 1916-2006  Search this
Posposil, Leopold  Search this
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006  Search this
Sharp, Lauriston  Search this
Shils, Edward, 1910-1995  Search this
Smith, Robert J.  Search this
Names:
Columbia University. Department of Anthropology  Search this
University of Chicago. Department of Anthropology  Search this
University of Michigan. Department of Anthropology  Search this
University of Pennsylvania. Department of Anthropology  Search this
French, David H. (David Heath), 1918-  Search this
Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939  Search this
Stern, Theodore, 1917-  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (document box and 34 sound cassettes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Oral histories (document genres)
Interviews
Date:
circa 1959-1986
Scope and Contents:
May Mayko Ebihara's oral history interviews with Conrad Arensberg (3/7/84); Harold Conklin (1/26/82); William Davenport (8/19/82); James B. Griffin (10/7/81); Jane Richardson Hanks (8/6/82); Lucien M. Hanks (8/7/82); Robert Heizer and George Foster (10/2/74); Charles Hocket (8/25/81); Thomas Kirsch (8/25/81); Alfred Kroeber, et al. on Sapir (dub 5/11/1959); Floyd Lounsbury (1/27/82); David Mandelbaum (11/9/78); Margaret Mead (12/8/66); Mervyn Meggitt; Robert and Beatrice Miller (7/29/86); Horace Miner (10/7/81); George P. Murdock (8/20/82); Robert Murphy (10/17/80); John V. Murra (8/24/81); Leopold Pospisil (1/28/82); Irving Rouse (1/27/82); Lauriston Sharp (5/6/82); Edward Shils (11/19/83); Robert J. Smith (8/26/81). Also includes typewritten transcripts for some of the above, as well as for interviews with Theodore Stern and David H. French. The collection also contains notes on anthropology departments at Columbia University, University of Chicago, University of Michigan, and University of Pennsylvania.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2009-15
Other Archival Materials:
May Ebihara's Reed College bachelor's thesis (1955), "An Ethnohistorical Study of the Shoshoni Indians of the Northern Basin," was received with the collection and transferred to the John Wesley Powell Library of Anthropology.
Topic:
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Oral histories (document genres)
Interviews
Citation:
Manuscript 2009-15, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2009-15
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2009-15

Frederica de Laguna Papers

Creator:
McClellan, Catharine  Search this
Guédon, Marie Françoise  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
De Laguna, Frederica, 1906-2004  Search this
Correspondent:
Stearns, Mary Lee  Search this
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baird, Melissa  Search this
Balzer, Marjorie  Search this
Bersch, Gretchen  Search this
Birket-Smith, Kaj  Search this
Black, Lydia  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Chowning, Ann  Search this
Clark, J. Desmond (John Desmond), 1916-2002  Search this
Codere, Helen F., 1917-2009  Search this
Collins, Henry B. (Henry Bascom), 1899-1987  Search this
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970  Search this
Conklin, Harold C., 1926-2016  Search this
Corbett, John M.  Search this
Darnell, Regna  Search this
Dauenhauer, Nora  Search this
Dauenhauer, Richard  Search this
Davenport, William  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Du Bois, Cora Alice, 1903-1991  Search this
Duff, Wilson, 1925-  Search this
Fair, Susan  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W., 1943-  Search this
Foster, George McClelland, 1913-  Search this
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983  Search this
Giddings, James Louis  Search this
Gjessing, Gutorm, 1906  Search this
Grinev, Andrei V.  Search this
Hanable, William S.  Search this
Hara, Hiroko, 1934-  Search this
Haury, Emil W. (Emil Walter), 1904-1992  Search this
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Helm, June, 1924-  Search this
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963  Search this
Holtved, Erik  Search this
Jenness, Diamond, 1886-1969  Search this
Kahn, Mimi  Search this
Kan, Sergei  Search this
Krauss, Michael E., 1934-  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Larsen, Helge, 1905-1984  Search this
Leer, Jeff  Search this
Lindgren, E. J. (Ethel John), 1904-1988  Search this
Lomax, Alan, 1915-2002  Search this
Low, Jean  Search this
Mathiassen, Therkel, 1892-1967  Search this
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Olson, Wallace  Search this
Rainey, Froelich G. (Froelich Gladstone), 1907-1992  Search this
Riddell, Francis A. (Francis Allen), 1921-2002  Search this
Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995  Search this
Schneider, William  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Shinkwin, Anne D.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Spiro, Melford E., 1920-2014  Search this
Underhill, Ruth, 1883-1984  Search this
VanStone, James W.  Search this
Weiner, Annette B., 1933-  Search this
Weitzner, Bella, 1891?-1988  Search this
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975  Search this
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson  Search this
Woodbury, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin), 1917-2009  Search this
Workman, Karen Wood  Search this
Workman, William B.  Search this
Names:
American Anthropological Association  Search this
Bryn Mawr College  Search this
Photographer:
Smith, Harlan Ingersoll, 1872-1940  Search this
Extent:
2 map drawers
38 Linear feet (71 document boxes, 1 half document box, 2 manuscript folders, 4 card file boxes, 1 flat box, and 1 oversize box)
Culture:
Yakutat  Search this
Tutchone Indians  Search this
Tsimshian Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Tlingit Indians  Search this
Tanana Indians  Search this
Kawchottine Indians  Search this
Ahtna Indians  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Athapaskan -- Northern  Search this
Chugach Eskimos -- Archaeology  Search this
Eskimos -- Greenland  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Eyak Indians  Search this
Hare Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Ingalik Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Map drawers
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Place:
Alaska -- Archeology
Aishihik (Yukon)
Angoon (Alaska)
Alaska -- ethnology
Chistochina (Alaska)
Greenland
Copper River (Alaska)
Klukshu (Yukon)
Hoonah (Alaska)
Kodiak Island (Alaska)
Klukwan (Alaska)
Saint Lawrence River Valley
New Brunswick -- Archaeology
Yukon Island (Alaska)
Date:
1890-2004
bulk 1923-2004
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps. A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catherine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athabaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara Sue's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series X: Card Files. Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March. Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional and personal life of Frederica de Laguna. The collection contains correspondence, field notes, writings, newspaper clippings, writings by others, subject files, sound recordings, photographs, and maps.

A significant portion of the collection consists of de Laguna's correspondence with family, friends, colleagues, and students, as well as her informants from the field. Her correspondence covers a wide range of subjects such as family, health, preparations for field work, her publications and projects, the Northwest Coast, her opinions on the state of anthropology, and politics. Among her notable correspondents are Kaj Birket-Smith, J. Desmond Clark, Henry Collins, George Foster, Viola Garfield, Marie-Françoise Guédon, Diamond Jenness, Michael Krauss, Therkel Mathiassen, Catharine McClellan, and Wallace Olson. She also corresponded with several eminent anthropologists including Franz Boas, William Fitzhugh, J. Louis Giddings, Emil Haury, June Helm, Melville Herskovitz, Alfred Kroeber, Helge Larsen, Alan Lomax, Margaret Mead, Froelich Rainey, Leslie Spier, Ruth Underhill, James VanStone, Annette Weiner, and Leslie White.

The field notes in the collection mainly represent de Laguna and her assistants' work in the Northern Tlingit region of Alaska from 1949 to 1954. In addition, the collection contains materials related to her work in the St. Lawrence River Valley in Ontario in 1947 and Catharine McClellan's field journal for her research in Aishihik, Yukon Territory in 1968. Most of the audio reels in the collection are field recordings made by de Laguna, McClellan, and Marie-Françoise Guédon of vocabulary and songs and speeches at potlatches and other ceremonies from 1952 to 1969. Tlingit and several Athapaskan languages including Atna, Tutochone, Upper Tanana, and Tanacross are represented in the recordings. Also in the collection are copies of John R. Swanton's Tlingit recordings and Hiroko Hara's recordings among the Hare Indians. Additional materials related to de Laguna's research on the Northwest Coast include her notes on clans and tribes in Series VI: Subject Files and her notes on Tlingit vocabulary and Yakutat names specimens in Series 10: Card Files.

Drafts and notes for Voyage to Greenland, Travels Among the Dena, and The Tlingit Indians can be found in the collection as well as her drawings for her dissertation and materials related to her work for the Handbook of North American Indians and other publications. There is little material related to Under Mount Saint Elias except for correspondence, photocopies and negatives of plates, and grant applications for the monograph. Of special interest among de Laguna's writings is a photocopy of her historical fiction novel, The Thousand March.

Other materials of special interest are copies of her talks, including her AAA presidential address, and the dissertation of Regna Darnell, a former student of de Laguna's. In addition, materials on the history of anthropology are in the collection, most of which can found with her teaching materials. The collection also contains copies of photographs from the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899. Although the bulk of the collection documents de Laguna's professional years, the collection also contains newspaper articles and letters regarding her exceptional performance as a student at Bryn Mawr College and her undergraduate and graduate report cards. Only a few photographs of de Laguna can be found in the collection along with photographs of her 1929 and 1979 trips to Greenland.
Arrangement note:
Arranged in 12 series: (1) Correspondence, 1923-2004; (2) Field Research, 1947-1968; (3) Writings, 1926-2001; (4) Teaching, 1922-1988; (5) Professional Activities, 1939-2001; (6) Subject Files, 1890-2002; (7) Writings by Others, 1962-2000; (8) Personal, 1923-2000; (9) Photographs, 1929-1986; (10) Card Files; (11) Maps, 1928-1973; (12) Sound Recordings, 1904-1973
Biographical / Historical:
Frederica Annis Lopez de Leo de Laguna was a pioneering archaeologist and ethnographer of northwestern North America. Known as Freddy by her friends, she was one of the last students of Franz Boas. She served as first vice-president of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA) from 1949 to 1950 and as president of the American Anthropological Association (AAA) from 1966-1967. She also founded the anthropology department at Bryn Mawr College where she taught from 1938 to 1972. In 1975, she and Margaret Mead, a former classmate, were the first women to be elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

Born on October 3, 1906 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, de Laguna was the daughter of Theodore Lopez de Leo de Laguna and Grace Mead Andrus, both philosophy professors at Bryn Mawr College. Often sick as a child, de Laguna was home-schooled by her parents until she was 9. She excelled as a student at Bryn Mawr College, graduating summa cum laude with a degree in politics and economics in 1927. She was awarded the college's prestigious European fellowship, which upon the suggestion of her parents, she deferred for a year to study anthropology at Columbia University under Boas. Her parents had recently attended a lecture given by Boas and felt that anthropology would unite her interests in the social sciences and her love for the outdoors.

After a year studying at Columbia with Boas, Gladys Reichard, and Ruth Benedict, de Laguna was still uncertain whether anthropology was the field for her. Nevertheless, she followed Boas's advice to spend her year abroad studying the connection between Eskimo and Paleolithic art, which would later became the topic of her dissertation. In the summer of 1928, she gained fieldwork experience under George Grant MacCurdy visiting prehistoric sites in England, France, and Spain. In Paris, she attended lectures on prehistoric art by Abbe Breuil and received guidance from Paul Rivet and Marcelin Boule. Engaged to an Englishman she had met at Columbia University, de Laguna decided to also enroll at the London School of Economics in case she needed to earn her degree there. She took a seminar with Bronislaw Malinowski, an experience she found unpleasant and disappointing.

It was de Laguna's visit to the National Museum in Copenhagen to examine the archaeological collections from Central Eskimo that became the turning point in her life. During her visit, she met Therkel Mathiassen who invited her to be his assistant on what would be the first scientific archaeological excavation in Greenland. She sailed off with him in June 1929, intending to return early in August. Instead, she decided to stay until October to finish the excavation with Mathiassen, now convinced that her future lay in anthropology. When she returned from Greenland she broke off her engagement with her fiancé, deciding that she would not able to both fully pursue a career in anthropology and be the sort of wife she felt he deserved. Her experiences in Greenland became the subject of her 1977 memoir, Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology.

The following year, Kaj Birket-Smith, whom de Laguna had also met in Copenhagen, agreed to let her accompany him as his research assistant on his summer expedition to Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet. When Birket-Smith fell ill and was unable to go, de Laguna was determined to continue on with the trip. She convinced the University of Pennsylvania Museum to fund her trip to Alaska to survey potential excavation sites and took as her assistant her 20 year old brother, Wallace, who became a geologist. A close family, de Laguna's brother and mother would later accompany her on other research trips.

In 1931, the University of Pennsylvania Museum hired de Laguna to catalogue Eskimo collections. They again financed her work in Cook Inlet that year as well as the following year. In 1933, she earned her PhD from Columbia and led an archaeological and ethnological expedition of the Prince William Sound with Birket-Smith. They coauthored "The Eyak Indians of the Copper River Delta, Alaska," published in 1938. In 1935, de Laguna led an archaeological and geological reconnaissance of middle and lower Yukon Valley, traveling down the Tanana River. Several decades later, the 1935 trip contributed to two of her books: Travels Among the Dena, published in 1994, and Tales From the Dena, published in 1997.

In 1935 and 1936, de Laguna worked briefly as an Associate Soil Conservationist, surveying economic and social conditions on the Pima Indian Reservation in Arizona. She later returned to Arizona during the summers to conduct research and in 1941, led a summer archaeological field school under the sponsorship of Bryn Mawr College and the Museum of Northern Arizona.

By this time, de Laguna had already published several academic articles and was also the author of three fiction books. Published in 1930, The Thousand March: Adventures of an American Boy with the Garibaldi was her historical fiction book for juveniles. She also wrote two detective novels: The Arrow Points to Murder (1937) and Fog on the Mountain (1938). The Arrow Points to Murder is set in a museum based on her experiences at the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the American Museum of National History. Fog on the Mountain is set in Cook Inlet and draws upon de Laguna's experiences in Alaska. Both detective novels helped to finance her research.

De Laguna began her long career at Bryn Mawr College in 1938 when she was hired as a lecturer in the sociology department to teach the first ever anthropology course at the college. By 1950, she was chairman of the joint department of Sociology and Anthropology, and in 1967, the chairman of the newly independent Anthropology Department. She was also a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania (1947-1949; 1972-1976) and at the University of California, Berkeley (1959-1960; 1972-1973.)

During World War II, de Laguna took a leave of absence from Bryn Mawr College to serve in the naval reserve from 1942 to 1945. As a member of WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service), she taught naval history and codes and ciphers to women midshipmen at Smith College. She took great pride in her naval service and in her later years joined the local chapter of WAVES National, an organization for former and current members of WAVES.

In 1950, de Laguna returned to Alaska to work in the Northern Tlingit region. Her ethnological and archaeological study of the Tlingit Indians brought her back several more times throughout the 1950s and led to the publication of Under Mount Saint Elias in 1972. Her comprehensive three-volume monograph is still considered the authoritative work on the Yakutat Tlingit. In 1954, de Laguna turned her focus to the Atna Indians of Copper River, returning to the area in 1958, 1960, and 1968.

De Laguna retired from Bryn Mawr College in 1972 under the college's mandatory retirement policy. Although she suffered from many ailments in her later years including macular degeneration, she remained professionally active. Five decades after her first visit to Greenland, de Laguna returned to Upernavik in 1979 to conduct ethnographic investigations. In 1985, she finished editing George Thornton Emmons' unpublished manuscript The Tlingit Indians. A project she had begun in 1955, the book was finally published in 1991. In 1986, she served as a volunteer consultant archaeologist and ethnologist for the U. S. Forest Service in Alaska. In 1994, she took part in "More than Words . . ." Laura Bliss Spann's documentary on the last Eyak speaker, Maggie Smith Jones. By 2001, de Laguna was legally blind. Nevertheless, she continued working on several projects and established the Frederica de Laguna Northern Books Press to reprint out-of-print literature and publish new scholarly works on Arctic cultures.

Over her lifetime, de Laguna received several honors including her election into the National Academy Sciences in 1976, the Distinguished Service Award from AAA in 1986, and the Lucy Wharton Drexel Medal from the University of Pennsylvania in 1999. De Laguna's work, however, was respected by not only her colleagues but also by the people she studied. In 1996, the people of Yakutat honored de Laguna with a potlatch. Her return to Yakutat was filmed by Laura Bliss Spann in her documentary Reunion at Mt St. Elias: The Return of Frederica de Laguna to Yakutat.

At the age of 98, Frederica de Laguna passed away on October 6, 2004.

Sources Consulted

Darnell, Regna. "Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." American Anthropologist 107.3 (2005): 554-556.

de Laguna, Frederica. Voyage to Greenland: A Personal Initiation into Anthropology. New York: W.W. Norton Co, 1977.

McClellan, Catharine. "Frederica de Laguna and the Pleasures of Anthropology." American Ethnologist 16.4 (1989): 766-785.

Olson, Wallace M. "Obituary: Frederica de Laguna (1906-2004)." Arctic 58.1 (2005): 89-90.
Related Materials:
Although this collection contains a great deal of correspondence associated with her service as president of AAA, most of her presidential records can be found in American Anthropological Association Records 1917-1972. Also at the National Anthropological Archives are her transcripts of songs sung by Yakutat Tlingit recorded in 1952 and 1954 located in MS 7056 and her notes and drawings of Dorset culture materials in the National Museum of Canada located in MS 7265. The Human Studies Film Archive has a video oral history of de Laguna conducted by Norman Markel (SC-89.10.4).

Related collections can also be found in other repositories. The University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania holds materials related to work that de Laguna carried out for the museum from the 1930s to the 1960s. Materials relating to her fieldwork in Angoon and Yakutat can be found in the Rasmuson Library of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in the papers of Francis A. Riddell, a field assistant to de Laguna in the early 1950s. Original photographs taken in the field in Alaska were deposited in the Alaska State Library, Juneau. Both the Archive of Folk Culture at the Library of Congress and the American Philosophical Library have copies of her field recordings and notes. The American Museum of Natural History has materials related to her work editing George T. Emmons' manuscript. De Laguna's papers can also be found at the Bryn Mawr College Archives.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Frederica de Laguna.
Restrictions:
Some of the original field notes are restricted due to Frederica de Laguna's request to protect the privacy of those accused of witchcraft. The originals are restricted until 2030. Photocopies may be made with the names of the accused redacted.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Anthropology -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Maps
Field notes
Correspondence
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
Frederica de Laguna Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1998-89
See more items in:
Frederica de Laguna Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1998-89
Additional Online Media:

Photograph of Robert F. Heizer at Palenque

Collector:
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Names:
Heizer, Robert F. (Robert Fleming), 1915-1979  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (silver gelatin)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Palenque Site (Mexico)
Date:
1955
Scope and Contents note:
Photograph depicting Robert F. Heizer standing next to carved name, probably of Désiré Charnay, in Palenque temple, April 1955.
Biographical/Historical note:
Robert F. Heizer (1915-1979) was an anthropologist best known for his archeological and ethnographic work in California and Nevada. After receiving his doctorate from the University of California at Berkeley (1941), he worked there as a professor from 1946 to 1976, when he gained emeritus status. Heizer's research interests grew to include Mexican archeology, and he undertook an expedition in 1955 to La Venta with Philip Drucker, of the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Robert J. Squiers.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-59
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Robert Fleming Heizer Papers 1943-1978; 1955-1970.
The Special Collections at the University of Texas at San Antonio and the Bancroft Library at the University of California at Berkeley also hold Heizer's papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 77-59, Photograph of Robert F. Heizer at Palenque, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-59
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-59

Almost ancestors : the first Californians / by Theodora Kroeber and Robert F. Heizer ; edited by F. David Hales

Author:
Kroeber, Theodora  Search this
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Sierra Club  Search this
Physical description:
168 pages : illustrations, map, portraits ; 29 cm
Type:
Portraits
Place:
California
Date:
1968
©1968
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_10019

Prehistoric rock art of Nevada and eastern California / Robert F. Heizer and Martin A. Baumhoff

Author:
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Author:
Baumhoff, Martin A.  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 412 pages, 24 pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Nevada
California
Date:
1962
Topic:
Petroglyphs  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_25720

The Indians of Los Angeles County : Hugo Reid's letters of 1852 / Edited and annotated by Robert F. Heizer

Author:
Reid, Hugo 1811?-1853  Search this
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Subject:
Mission San Gabriel Arcangel (San Gabriel, Calif.)  Search this
Physical description:
x, 142 p. : ill., map (on lining papers), ports. ; 27 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
California
Date:
1968
1888
Topic:
Gabrielino language  Search this
Ethnic groups  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Call number:
E99.G15 R322 1968
Restrictions & Rights:
Reproduced with the permission of the Braun Research Library, Southwest Museum, Los Angeles, California.
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_914399

Ethnogeographic and ethnosynonymic data from Northern California tribes / C. Hart Merriam ; assembled and edited by Robert F. Heizer

Author:
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart) 1855-1942  Search this
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 141 p. : map ; 28 cm
Type:
Glossaries, vocabularies, etc
Place:
California
North America
Date:
1976
Topic:
Languages  Search this
Names, Indian  Search this
Call number:
E78.C15 M54 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_726828

Archaeology of the Uyak site, Kodiak Island, Alaska / by Robert F. Heizer

Author:
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 199 p. : ill., maps, plans ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Alaska
Kodiak (Alaska)
Date:
1956
Topic:
Eskimos--Antiquities  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
E78.A3 H35 1956
E51 .A58 vol. 17, no. 1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_606183

California Indian linguistic records : The Mission Indian vocabularies of H.W. Henshaw / edited, with ethnographic notes, by R.F. Heizer

Title:
Mission Indian vocabularies of H.W. Henshaw
Author:
Henshaw, Henry W (Henry Wetherbee) 1850-1930  Search this
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Physical description:
p. 85-202 : ill., facsim. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1955
Topic:
Chumash language  Search this
Ohlone language  Search this
Call number:
PM891 .H46 1955
E51 .A58 v. 15, no. 2
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_606187

California Indian linguistic records : The Mission Indian vocabularies of Alphonse Pinart / edited by R.F. Heizer

Title:
Mission Indian vocabularies of Alphonse Pinart
Author:
Pinart, A. L (Alphonse Louis) 1852-1911  Search this
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Physical description:
84 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1952
Topic:
Ohlone language  Search this
Salinan language  Search this
Esselen language  Search this
Chumash language  Search this
Call number:
PM2053 .P56 1952
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_606188

The Archaeology of central California

Author:
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Cook, Sherburne Friend 1896-1974  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. : ill., map ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Date:
1949
Topic:
Bones  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
E78.C15 H45 1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_606195

General anthropology : Anthropology XB 1 / by Robert F. Heizer

Author:
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
University of California (System) University Extension  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. : ill., maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1949
Topic:
Anthropology--Study and teaching  Search this
Call number:
GN43.2.C2 H47 1949
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_505268

A bibliography of California Indian history / compiled by Karen M. Nissen, E. D. Castillo and Robert F. Heizer

Author:
Nissen, Karen M  Search this
Castillo, Edward D  Search this
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Physical description:
52 p. : map ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Date:
1973
1973?]
Topic:
History--Bibliography  Search this
Call number:
Z1209.2.U52 C23b 1973
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_515378

The other Californians : prejudice and discrimination under Spain, Mexico, and the United States to 1920 / Robert F. Heizer & Alan F. Almquist

Author:
Heizer, Robert F. - (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Almquist, Alan F  Search this
Physical description:
278 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Date:
1977
1971
1977, c1971
Topic:
Minorities  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Call number:
F870.A1 H45 1977
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_517264

The Destruction of California Indians : a collection of documents from the period 1847 to 1865 in which are described some of the things that happened to some of the Indians of California / edited by Robert F. Heizer ; introduction to the Bison book edition by Albert L. Hurtado

Author:
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 321 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
California
Date:
1993
C1993
1789-1869
Topic:
Indians, Treatment of  Search this
History  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_552454

An introduction to prehistoric archeology [by] Frank Hole [and] Robert F. Heizer

Author:
Hole, Frank  Search this
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 574 p. illus. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1973
[c1973]
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Call number:
GN739.H64 1973X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_414969

An introduction to prehistoric archeology / Frank Hole [and] Robert F. Heizer

Author:
Hole, Frank  Search this
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Physical description:
x, 306 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1965
C1965
Topic:
Archaeology  Search this
Call number:
CC83 .H72 1965
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_464809

Archaeological researches in the Northern Great Basin [by] L.S. Cressman ... with the collaboration of Frank C. Baker, Paul S. Conger, Henry P. Hansen [and] Robert F. Heizer ..

Author:
Cressman, Luther Sheeleigh 1897-1994  Search this
Baker, Frank Collins 1867-1942  Search this
Conger, Paul S (Paul Sydney) 1897-1979  Search this
Hansen, Henry P (Henry Paul)  Search this
Heizer, Robert F (Robert Fleming) 1915-1979  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 158 p. incl. tables. front., plates, maps, diagrs., profiles (1 col.) 29 x 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Oregon
Date:
1942
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
F878.C817X 1942
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_368777

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