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Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian" and associated papers

Names:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Fryxell, Fritiof, 1900-1986 (author)  Search this
Wheeler, George M. (George Montague), 1842-1905  Search this
Publisher:
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers  Search this
Photographer:
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder (Papers :)
70 Stereographs (albumen)
Culture:
Ute Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereographs
Photographs
Place:
Zuni (N.M.)
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
Colorado River
Date:
1871-1874
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made on the geographical explorations and surveys west of the 100th meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. 1871-74. They include images of expedition party members, archeological sites, pueblos, Southwest Indians (including Zuni, Navajo, Apache, Coyotero Apache, Jicarilla Apache, Ute, and Mohave Indians), and scenic views in Canyon de Chelly, canyons of the Colorado River (including the Grand Canyon and Black Canyon), Apache Lake, and the Cerro Blanco Mountains.

The collection includes two complete sets of the stereographs published by the War Department Corps of Engineers, which were collected by John R. Swanton and Alice C. Fletcher, and an incomplete set donated by Vincent McMullen. It also includes lists and notes (circa 1935-1948) regarding the photographs prepared by F. M. Fryxell and Bruno Klinger, as well as stereographs published by the Corps of Engineers.
Biographical/Historical note:
The geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian were operated under the United States Army Corps of Engineers and supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler from 1869 through 1879. They documented American Indian tribes and geography in the region, in order to make accurate maps; selected possible sites for military installations and rail or common roads; and noted resources in the area. In total, the surveys analyzed the region now covered by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the expeditions produced 164 maps, 41 publications, and a series of stereoviews. Timothy H. O'Sullivan began photographing geographical surveys in 1867-1869 when he was official photographer for Clarence King's United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel. He served as official photographer for the Wheeler surveys in 1871, 1872, and 1874, with William Bell taking over in 1873. O'Sullivan would go on to become the United States Geological Survey's first photographer in Washington, DC.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4501, NAA MS 4500, NAA MS 4499, NAA Photo Lot 4558
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Descriptive lists and notes relating to the expedition photographs, previously filed in MS 4499, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 4501. These notes also relate to the Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian and form part of this collection.
Complete sets of Wheeler Expedition stereographs published by the Corps of Engineers, previously filed in MS 4500 and Photo Lot 4558, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 4501. These stereographs are duplicate sets and form part of this collection.
Additional O'Sullivan and Bell photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 40, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 97, and Photo Lot 167.
Contained in:
Numbered manuscripts 1850s-1980s (some earlier)
See others in:
Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian, 1871-1874
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 4501, Timothy H. O'Sullivan and William Bell photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian" and associated papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4501
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4501

Timothy O'Sullivan photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian"

Photographer:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William, 1830-1910  Search this
Names:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Wheeler, George M. (George Montague), 1842-1905  Search this
Extent:
33 contact prints
7 enlarged prints
8 Items (8 stereographic negatives, glass)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contact prints
Enlarged prints
Photographs
Place:
Colorado River
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Date:
1871-1874
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made on the geographical explorations and surveys west of the 100th meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. 1871-74. The bulk of the photographs were made by Timothy H. Sullivan during the years 1871-1872 and 1874, but there are also some taken by William Bell in 1873. The photos include images of expedition party members, camps, and transportation, as well as pueblos, Southwest Indians (including Zuni, Navajo, Apache, Coyotero Apache, Jicarilla Apache, Ute, and Mohave Indians), and scenic views in canyons of the Colorado River, Canyon de Chelly, Apache Lake, and the Cerro Blanco Mountains.
Biographical/Historical note:
The geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian were operated under the United States Army Corps of Engineers and supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler from 1869 through 1879. They were intended to document the geography in order to make accurate maps, record locations of American Indian tribes in the region, select possible sites for military installations and rail or common roads, and note resources in the area. In total, the surveys analyzed the region now covered by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the expeditions produced 164 maps, 41 publications, and a series of stereoviews. Timothy H. O'Sullivan began photographing geographical surveys in 1867-1869 when he was the official photographer for Clarence King's United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel. He served as the official photographer for the Wheeler surveys in 1871, 1872, and 1874, with William Bell taking over in 1873. O'Sullivan later became the United States Geological Survey's first photographer in Washington, D.C.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 167
Location of Other Archival Materials:
This collection has been relocated from Photo Lot 78.
Contact prints and enlargements, previously filed in MS 4498, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 167. The prints were made from these negatives and additional, probably by the Bureau of American Ethnology, and form part of this collection.
Published stereographs and associated papers relating to the surveys are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4501.
Additional O'Sullivan and Bell photographs are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 40, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 24, and Photo Lot 97.
Some survey negatives were transferred to the National Archives, circa 1948. They are held there in Record Group 106.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 167, Timothy O'Sullivan photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian," National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.167
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-167

Report upon United States Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian / in charge of Capt. Geo. M. Wheeler ; under the direction of the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army ; published by authority of the Honorable the Secretary of War, in accordance with acts of Congress of June 23, 1874, and February 15, 1875 ; in seven volumes and one supplement, accompanied by one topographic and one geologic atlas

Title:
Engineer Department, U.S. Army
Report upon United States Geographical and Geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
United States Geographical surveys west of 100th meridian
United States Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Geographical surveys west of 100th meridian
United States Geographical and Geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Geographical and Geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Wheeler survey
Wheeler report
Author:
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Humphreys, A. A (Andrew Atkinson) 1810-1883  Search this
Wright, Horatio Gouverneur 1820-1899  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Lithographer:
Bien, Julius 1826-1909  Search this
Photographer:
Bell, William 1830-1910  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H. 1840-1882  Search this
Former owner:
Matthews, E. O. DSI  Search this
Brown, S. C. DSI  Search this
Dwight, Jonathan 1858-1929 DSI  Search this
Tucker, Marcia Brady DSI  Search this
Illustrator:
Weyss, Herman & Mahlo  Search this
Weyss, Herman & Aguirre  Search this
Weyss, Herman & Lang  Search this
Photolithographer:
Graphic Company  Search this
Compiler:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Physical description:
7 volumes in 8 : illustrations (lithographs, heliotypes, photolithographs, some color), maps (some color) ; 30 cm + 2 atlases (49 x 61 cm)
Type:
Books
Surveys
Maps
Place:
West (U.S.)
United States
Date:
1875
1889
1875-1889
Topic:
Natural history  Search this
Geology  Search this
Astronomy  Search this
Languages  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Surveys  Search this
Call number:
QE74 .W45 1875
QE74.W6X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_151572

Report upon United States Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian, in charge of First Lieut. Geo. M. Wheeler [...] under the direction of the chief of engineers, U.S. Army. Published by authority of [...] the secretary of war in accordance with acts of Congress of June 23, 1874, and February 15, 1875. In seven volumes and one supplement, accompanied by one topographic and one geologic atlas [...]

Title:
Report upon explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Report upon geographical and geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian
Explorations and surveys
Author:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Humphreys, A. A (Andrew Atkinson) 1810-1883  Search this
Wright, Horatio Gouverneur 1820-1899  Search this
Physical description:
7 volumes in 8. frontispieces (volumes 3, 6-7) illustrations, plates (part color), maps. 30 cm and 2 atlases. 40 x 61 cm
Type:
Electronic resources
Place:
United States
West (U.S.)
Date:
1875
1889
1875-1889
Topic:
Surveys  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
QE74 .W6X
QE74.W6X
E78.W5U5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_289907

List of landscape and stereoscopic views taken in connection with geographical explorations and surveys west of the 100th Meridian : the Wheeler Expedition

Author:
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Subject:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H. 1840-1882  Search this
Bell, William 1830-1910  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
[6] leaves : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
West (U.S.)
Date:
1998
C1998
Topic:
Stereoscopic views  Search this
Photography, Stereoscopic  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
TR199 .L57 1998
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_600063

Address of Lieut. Geo. M. Wheeler, U.S. Corps of Engineers : December 23, 1874, before the American Geographical Society

Author:
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
American Geographical Society of New York  Search this
Former owner:
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887  Search this
Subject:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
19 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Surveys
Place:
West (U.S.)
Southwest, New
Date:
1874
1874?]
Topic:
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Call number:
F591 .W44 1874
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_514981

Wheeler's photographic survey of the American West, 1871-1873 / George M. Wheeler ; with 50 landscape photographs by Timothy O'Sullivan and William Bell

Author:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H. 1840-1882  Search this
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Bell, William 1830-1910  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 50 p. : chiefly ill. ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Place:
West (U.S.)
Southwest, New
Date:
1983
1871
C1983
Call number:
TR647.O85 W56 1983
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_445833

Annual report ... [1873-1884] by George M. Wheeler, Captain corps of engineers, U.S.A

Author:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Physical description:
12 v. illus., plates, maps (part fold.) diagrs. and 4 atlases of fold. maps. 23 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
West (U.S.)
Date:
1873
1884
1873-84
Topic:
Surveys  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
QE74 .W54Z
QE74.W54Z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_310842

Analytical report upon Indian dialects spoken in southern California, Nevada, and on the lower Colorado River, &c., &c., based upon vocabularies collected by the expeditions for Geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian, Lieut. Geo. M. Wheeler ... in charge, by Alb. S. Gatschet; being extract from appendix JJ of the Annual report of the chief of engineers for 1876

Author:
Gatschet, Albert S (Albert Samuel) 1832-1907  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
2 p. l., p. 550-563. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southwest, New
Date:
1876
Topic:
Languages  Search this
Call number:
PM461.G3X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_345018

Topographical atlas, projected to illustrate explorations and surveys west of the 100th meridian of longitude / prosecuted ... by the Corps of Engineers, U. S. Army ; embracing results of the different expeditions under Geo. M. Wheeler

Author:
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
3 v. : maps ; 49 x 63 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
West (U.S.)
Date:
1873
1875
1873-1875
Topic:
Surveys  Search this
Maps, Topographic  Search this
Call number:
QE74 .U63Z
QE74.U63Z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_357430

Photographs showing landscapes, geological and other features, of portions of the western territory of the United States [microform] : obtained in connection with geographical and geological explorations and surveys west of the 100th meridian, seasons of 1871, 1872, and 1873 / 1st Lieut. Geo. M. Wheeler ... in charge

Author:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Bell, William  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H. 1840-1882  Search this
Physical description:
[44] leaves of plates : all ill
Type:
Microforms
Pictorial works
Place:
Southwest, New
West (U.S.)
Date:
1981
1871
1871-74?]
Call number:
TR15 .H5810 no. 2034
mfm 814
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_376136

Report upon United States Geographical surveys west of the one hundredth meridian. [Microform] In charge of First Lieut. Geo. M. Wheeler ... under the direction of the chief of engineers, U.S. Army. Published by authority of ... the secretary of war in accordance with acts of Congress of June 23, 1874, and February 15, 1875. In seven volumes and one supplement, accompanied by one topographic and one geologic atlas ..

Author:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Humphreys, A. A (Andrew Atkinson) 1810-1883  Search this
Wright, Horatio Gouverneur 1820-1899  Search this
Physical description:
7 v. in 8. fronts. (v. 3, 6-7) illus., plates (part col.) maps. 30 cm. and 2 atlases. 49 x 61 cm
Type:
Microforms
Place:
West (U.S.)
United States
Date:
1982
1875
1875-89
Topic:
Astronomy  Search this
Geology  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Languages  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Surveys  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Call number:
mfm 814
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_377647

Progress-report upon Geographical and geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian, in 1872. [Microform] / under the direction of Brig. Gen. A.A. Humphreys, chief of engineers, United States Army, by First Lieut. George M. Wheeler

Author:
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
56 p., 5 leaves of plates (incl. map) : ill., maps (1 fold.) ; 30 cm
Type:
Microforms
Place:
United States
Date:
1982
1874
Topic:
Surveys  Search this
Call number:
mfm 814
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_377686

Systematic catalogue of Vertebrata of the eocene of New Mexico. Collected in 1874. E.D. Cope, A.M., paleontologist

Author:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Cope, E. D (Edward Drinker) 1840-1897  Search this
Physical description:
37 p. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1875
April 17, 1875
Eocene
Topic:
Vertebrates, Fossil  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Call number:
QE841.C8X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_231985

Catalogue of plants collected in the years 1871, 1872 and 1873 : with descriptions of new species / [by Sereno Watson and J.T. Rothrock]

Author:
United States Geographical and Geological Explorations and Surveys West of the 100th Meridian  Search this
Rothrock, Joseph T. 1839-1922  Search this
Watson, Sereno 1826-1892  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
62 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
West (U.S.)
Date:
1874
Topic:
Botany--Surveys  Search this
Call number:
QK133.U54 1874
QK133.U54 1874
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_232500

Instructions for taking, recording, and reducing meteorological observations, and for preserving and repairing the instruments ... By First Lieutenants R.L. Hoxie and Wm. L. Marshall, Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army

Author:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Hoxie, R. L. (Richard Leveridge) 1844-1930  Search this
Marshall, W. L (William Louis) 1846-1920  Search this
Physical description:
88 p. 24 cm
Type:
Observers' manuals
Date:
1876
Topic:
Barometric hypsometry  Search this
Meteorology  Search this
Call number:
QC895 .U59X
QC895.U59X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_232501

Progress-report upon Geographical and geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian, in 1872, under the direction of Brig. Gen. A.A. Humphreys, chief of engineers, United States Army, by First Lieut. George M. Wheeler ..

Author:
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
56 p. : 5 pl. (incl. map) fold. map, diagrs. ; 30 x 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1874
Topic:
Surveys  Search this
Call number:
QE74.W5X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_232502

Report upon the determination of the astronomical co-ordinates of the primary stations at Cheyenne, Wyoming Territory, and Colorado Springs, Colorado Territory, made during the years 1872 and 1873, Geographical and geological explorations and surveys west of the one hundredth meridian, First Lieut. George M. Wheeler, Corps of engineers, in charge. Dr. F. Kampf and J. H. Clark, civilian astronomical assistants

Author:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
Kampf, F  Search this
Clark, John H  Search this
Physical description:
82 p. diagr. 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
West (U.S.)
Date:
1874
Topic:
Geographical positions  Search this
Call number:
QE74.W65X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_232503

Tables of geographic positions, azimuths, and distances, together, with lists of barometric altitudes, magnetic declinations, and itineraries of important routes, prepared principally by First Lieut. M.M. Macomb ... from data gathered by parties of the United States geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian, operating in the states and territories of California, Colorado, Nebraska, Nevada, Oregon, Arizona, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, and Wyoming, under the direction of Capt. Geo. M. Wheeler ... in charge. 1883

Author:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
Macomb, Montgomery Meigs 1852-  Search this
Wheeler, George M (George Montague) 1842-1905  Search this
United States Army Corps of Engineers  Search this
Physical description:
261 p. incl. tables. 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1885
Topic:
Azimuth  Search this
Distances, etc  Search this
Altitudes  Search this
Call number:
G109.U56X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_232506

Preliminary report upon invertebrate fossils collected by the expeditions of 1871, 1872, and 1873, with descriptions of new species. C. A. White, M.D

Author:
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.)  Search this
White, Charles A (Charles Abiathar) 1826-1910  Search this
Physical description:
27 p. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1874
Topic:
Invertebrates, Fossil  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Call number:
QE770.W56X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_233171

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