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Thomas M. Messer papers, 1949-2010

Creator:
Messer, Thomas M., 1920-2013  Search this
Subject:
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Bell, Larry  Search this
Moore, Henry  Search this
Giacometti, Alberto  Search this
Koczy, Rosemarie  Search this
Flavin, Dan  Search this
Burri, Alberto  Search this
Knowlton, Grace  Search this
Rickey, George  Search this
Kuh, Katharine  Search this
Ernst, Max  Search this
Simonds, Charles  Search this
Hélion, Jean  Search this
Chryssa  Search this
KoláÚr, JiÚrí  Search this
Chagall, Marc  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Hamilton, Richard  Search this
Still, Clyfford E.  Search this
Barnet, Will  Search this
Dubuffet, Jean  Search this
Bury, Pol  Search this
Martin, Agnes Bernice  Search this
Bacon, Francis  Search this
Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation  Search this
Topic:
Art museum directors  Search this
Curators  Search this
Diaries  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6570
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)215863
AAA_collcode_messthom
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_215863
Additional Online Media:

Alexander Liberman papers, circa 1912-2003

Creator:
Liberman, Alexander Semeonovitch, 1912-1999  Search this
Subject:
Dalí, Salvador  Search this
Kline, Franz  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Motherwell, Robert Burns  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Dietrich, Marlene  Search this
Barr, Alfred H.  Search this
Newton, Helmut  Search this
Vreeland, Diana  Search this
Klein, William  Search this
Chernow, Burt  Search this
Steichen, Edward  Search this
Ritts, Herb  Search this
Snowdon, Antony Armstrong-Jones  Search this
Parks, Gordon  Search this
Vogel, Lucien  Search this
Beaton, Cecil Walter Hardy  Search this
Emmerich, Andre  Search this
Penn, Irving  Search this
Newman, Barnett  Search this
Hopps, Walter  Search this
Parsons, Betty  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
Cartier-Bresson, Henri  Search this
Mulas, Ugo  Search this
Leibovitz, Annie  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Bennington College  Search this
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum  Search this
Topic:
Graphic designers  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Publishers  Search this
Photographers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Video recordings  Search this
Drafts (documents)  Search this
Photography  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Sketches  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Fashion photography  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15871
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)295430
AAA_collcode_libealex
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_295430
Additional Online Media:

Morris Louis and Morris Louis Estate papers, circa 1910s-2007, bulk 1965-2000

Creator:
Louis, Morris, 1912-1962  Search this
Subject:
Faatz, Anita J. (Anita Josephine)  Search this
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
Truitt, Anne Dean  Search this
Brenner, Marcella  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Bocour, Leonard  Search this
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden.  Search this
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Robert Pierce/Films, Inc  Search this
Topic:
Law and art  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Color-field painting  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Video recordings  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Painters  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Washington Color School (Group of artists)  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7040
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209173
AAA_collcode_louimorr
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209173
Additional Online Media:

Brooklyn Museum interviews of artists, [ca. 1965-1968]

Creator:
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Jacobowitz, Arlene  Search this
Subject:
Grillo, John  Search this
Sanchez, Emilio  Search this
Goodman, Sidney  Search this
Dombek, Blanche  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob  Search this
Baskin, Leonard  Search this
Meyer, Ursula  Search this
Margo, Boris  Search this
Freilicher, Jane  Search this
Dash, Robert Warren  Search this
Arisman, Marshall  Search this
Ohlson, Douglas Dean  Search this
Weinberg, Albert  Search this
Brackman, Robert  Search this
Shahn, Ben  Search this
Graziani, Sante  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Peterdi, Gabor  Search this
Moller, Hans  Search this
Gwathmey, Robert  Search this
Constant, George  Search this
Odate, Toshio  Search this
Bauermeister, Mary  Search this
Gropper, William  Search this
Estern, Neil  Search this
Kosama, Yayoi  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Soyer, Moses  Search this
Goldin, Leon  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Reinhardt, Ad  Search this
Greene, Balcomb  Search this
Lam, Jennett  Search this
Thon, William  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite  Search this
Gross, Chaim  Search this
Anderson, Lennart  Search this
Casarella, Edmund  Search this
Doyle, Tom  Search this
Jenkins, Paul  Search this
Offner, Elliot  Search this
Knaths, Karl  Search this
Ernst, Jimmy  Search this
Levine, Jack  Search this
Antonakos, Stephen  Search this
Palmer, Amanda  Search this
Koch, John  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Barker, Walter  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
De Creeft, José  Search this
Schrag, Karl  Search this
Nevelson, Louise  Search this
Lang, Steven  Search this
Soyer, Raphael  Search this
Evergood, Philip Howard  Search this
Lipton, Seymour  Search this
Laurent, Robert  Search this
Richards, Bill  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Rivers, Larry  Search this
Kawabata, Minoru  Search this
Gussow, Roy  Search this
Pereira, I. Rice (Irene Rice)  Search this
Butchkes, Sydney  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Jaffe, Nora  Search this
Sopher, Aaron  Search this
Okada, Kenzo  Search this
Murch, Walter Tandy  Search this
Kienbusch, William Austin  Search this
Listening to pictures  Search this
Topic:
Interviews  Search this
Artists  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7593
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209755
AAA_collcode_broomuse
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209755

Bernard Harper Friedman papers, 1926-2011, bulk 1943-2010

Creator:
Friedman, B. H. (Bernard Harper), 1926-2011  Search this
Subject:
Rothschild, Judith  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Kunitz, Stanley  Search this
Leary, Timothy Francis  Search this
Baur, John I. H. (John Ireland Howe)  Search this
Gray, Cleve  Search this
Rosset, Barney  Search this
Richenburg, Robert  Search this
Schueler, Jon R.  Search this
Biddle, Flora Miller  Search this
Roth, Philip  Search this
Newman, Barnett  Search this
Still, Clyfford E.  Search this
Kanovitz, Howard  Search this
Goodnough, Robert  Search this
Sandler, Irving  Search this
Gill, Brendan  Search this
Marca-Relli, Conrad  Search this
Gray, Francine du Plessix  Search this
Stout, Myron Stedman  Search this
Matter, Mercedes  Search this
Bertoia, Harry  Search this
Asher, Elise  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Salvesen, Magda  Search this
Slivka, David  Search this
Krasner, Lee  Search this
Newman, Arnold  Search this
Norman, Dorothy  Search this
Huebler, Douglas  Search this
Ossorio, Alfonso A.  Search this
Simon, Sidney  Search this
Bultman, Fritz  Search this
Bluhm, Norman  Search this
Callahan, Harry M. (Harry Morey)  Search this
Brooks, James  Search this
Motherwell, Robert Burns  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Hall, Joellen  Search this
McEwen, Rory.  Search this
McDarrah, Fred W.  Search this
Copley, William Nelson  Search this
Scarpitta, Salvatore  Search this
Knowlton, Grace  Search this
Dine, Jim  Search this
Whitney Museum of American Art  Search this
Provincetown Fine Arts Work Center  Search this
Topic:
Diaries  Search this
Art  Search this
Authors  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Sound recordings  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Art critics  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)16035
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)307197
AAA_collcode_friebern
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_307197

Alan R. Solomon papers, 1907-1970, bulk 1944-1970

Creator:
Solomon, Alan R.  Search this
Subject:
Stella, Frank  Search this
Fahlström, Öyvind  Search this
Paxton, Steve  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Louis, Morris  Search this
Childs, Lucinda  Search this
Hay, Deborah  Search this
Johns, Jasper  Search this
Dunn, Judith  Search this
Moore, Peter  Search this
Scull, Robert C.  Search this
Kron, Joan  Search this
Rainier, Yvonne  Search this
McElroy, Robert R.  Search this
Oldenburg, Patty  Search this
Newman, Barnett  Search this
Finkelstein, Nat  Search this
Bontecou, Lee  Search this
Poons, Larry  Search this
Provinciali, Michele  Search this
Rosenquist, James  Search this
Warhol, Andy  Search this
Novick, Elizabeth  Search this
Lichtenstein, Roy  Search this
Greenberg, Jeanine  Search this
Segal, George  Search this
Scull, Ethel  Search this
Noland, Kenneth  Search this
Sabol, Audrey  Search this
Reed, Lou  Search this
Mulas, Ugo  Search this
Schute, Terry  Search this
Grisi, Laura  Search this
Chamberlain, John Angus  Search this
Duchamp, Marcel  Search this
Sisler, Mary  Search this
Dine, Jim  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Morris, Robert  Search this
Redon, Odilon  Search this
Castelli, Leo  Search this
Sonnabend, Ileana  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
Picasso, Pablo  Search this
Hay, Alex  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Whitman, Robert  Search this
Solomon, Alan R.  Search this
Institute of Contemporary Art (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
San Francisco Art Institute  Search this
Harvard University. Germanic Museum  Search this
Pasadena Art Museum  Search this
Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Albright-Knox Art Gallery  Search this
Artforum  Search this
Cornell University  Search this
Velvet Underground (Musical group)  Search this
Amsterdam (Netherlands).Stedelijk Museum  Search this
University of California (1868-1952)  Search this
Art Gallery of Ontario  Search this
Centro de Artes Visuales (Instituto Torcuato Di Tella)  Search this
Once Group  Search this
Galerie Rive Droite  Search this
Biennale di Venezia  Search this
Expo 67  Search this
Topic:
Lithographs  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Curators  Search this
Art  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Educators  Search this
Art, Abstract  Search this
Authors  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Theater  Search this
Performance art  Search this
Transcripts  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Painters  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Pop art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7165
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209301
AAA_collcode_soloalan
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209301
Additional Online Media:

Morris Louis and Morris Louis Estate papers

Artist:
Louis, Morris, 1912-1962  Search this
Names:
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Robert Pierce/Films, Inc  Search this
Bocour, Leonard, 1910-1993  Search this
Brenner, Marcella, 1912-2007  Search this
Faatz, Anita J. (Anita Josephine)  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Truitt, Anne, 1921-2004  Search this
Extent:
17.8 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Interviews
Photographs
Date:
circa 1910s-2007
bulk 1965-2000
Summary:
The Morris Louis and Morris Louis Estate papers measure 17.8 linear feet and date from circa 1912-2007, with the bulk of the material dating from 1965-2000. The collection documents Morris Louis' career as a Color Field painter and founding participant in the Washington Color School, as well as the subsequent administration of his estate by his wife Marcella Brenner. Found within Morris Louis' papers are biographical materials, correspondence, photographs, scattered financial records, notes, writings, printed materials, and a canvas sample. The Morris Louis Estate papers include records of gallery exhibitions, mostly André Emmerich Gallery; artwork inventories; legal records concerning the lawsuit Bernstein v. Brenner; financial records of the sale of Louis' artwork; printed materials; writings about Louis; photographs of exhibition installations and artwork; and project files which include documentation of film projects by Robert Pierce Productions, a catalog raisonne, documentation of PBS documentaries, video recordings of the exhibition "Morris Louis Now", and numerous sound recordings of interviews with artists discussing Morris Louis conducted by Anita Faatz.
Scope and Contents:
The Morris Louis and Morris Louis Estate papers measure 17.8 linear feet and date from circa 1912-2007, with the bulk of the material dating from 1965-2000. The collection documents Morris Louis' career as a Color Field painter and founding participant in the Washington Color School, as well as the subsequent administration of his estate by his wife Marcella Brenner. Found within Morris Louis' papers are biographical materials, correspondence, photographs, scattered financial records, notes, writings, printed materials, and a canvas sample. The Morris Louis Estate papers include records of gallery exhibitions, mostly André Emmerich Gallery; artwork inventories; legal records concerning the lawsuit Bernstein v. Brenner; financial records of the sale of Louis' artwork; printed materials; writings about Louis; photographs of exhibition installations and artwork; and posthumous project files which include documentation of film projects by Robert Pierce Productions, a catalog raisonne, PBS documentaries, video recordings of the exhibition "Morris Louis Now", and numerous sound recordings of interviews with artists, many with transcripts, discussing Morris Louis and conducted by Anita Faatz.

Within the Morris Louis papers (circa 3 linear feet) are scattered biographical materials for Morris Louis and Marcella Brenner. Correspondence is with family friends, artists, and galleries, the bulk of which consists of photocopies. Of note are letters from Helen Frankenthaler, Clement Greenberg, Leonard Bocour, Kenneth Noland, and Anne Truitt. Business records include lists of artwork, receipts for art supplies, and scattered tax records. Six notebooks belonging to Morris Louis contain miscellaneous notes about students, studio rental payments, addresses, travel expenses, and a short list of paintings. There is one notebook of Marcella Brenner's containing notes about expenses and addresses. Also found are printed materials, one canvas sample, and one embossing stamp. Photographs are of Morris Louis, Marcella Brenner, and the Bernstein family.

The majority of the collection (circa 15 linear feet) consists of records created and maintained by Marcella Brenner in the course of managing Louis' estate and posthumous exhibitions and projects. There are numerous gallery exhibition records for many posthumous and retrospective exhibitions between 1965 through 2002, including those held at the Andre Emmerich Gallery, the Hirshhorn Museum, and numerous other U.S. and international galleries and museums. Louis' artwork is documented in highly detailed inventory lists and cards. Legal records document the lawsuit brought by the Bernstein family against Marcella Brenner which began in 1964 and ended in 1970 in favor of Brenner. Financial records document sales.

Printed materials include clippings, exhibition catalogs and announcements, and other miscellaneous materials. Writings include essays about Louis and manuscript copies of the book Trustee for the Human Race: Litigation over the Morris Louis Paintings written by Ruth S. Blau under contract for Marcella Brenner. Photographs are primarily of artwork depicted in exhibition installations. Project files are found for several posthumous documentary film projects and a catalog raisonne, and include a series of audio recordings of interviews of 27 artists conducted by Anita Faatz in 1970-1971. Artists interviewed include Clement Greenberg, Leonard Bocour, Andre Emmerich, Helen Frankenthaler, Kenneth Noland, and many others.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 2 series.

Series 1: Morris Louis Papers, circa 1910s-1998 (2.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-3)

Series 2: Morris Louis Estate Papers, 1947-2007 (14.9 linear feet; Boxes 3-19, OV 20)
Biographical / Historical:
Morris Louis (1912-1962) was one of the earliest American Color Field painters, and, along with other Washington, D.C., painters, formed the movement known as the Washington Color School.

Born in Baltimore, M.D., to Russian immigrants Louis Bernstein and Cecelia Luckman, Morris Louis attended the Maryland Institute of Fine and Applied Arts from 1927-1932 and served as president of the Baltimore Artists' Association in 1935. During the Depression, he worked in New York City on the steering committee of the Easel Division of the Federal Arts Projects of the Works Project Administration (WPA). He exhibited Broken Bridge at the WPA Pavilion of the New York World's Fair in 1939.

In 1947, Louis married Marcella (Siegel) Brenner, and moved to Silver Spring, Maryland, a close suburb of Washington, D.C., where he taught private art classes and continued painting, using his apartment bedroom as a studio. In 1948, Louis participated in the Maryland Artists, 16th Annual Exhibition at the Baltimore Museum of Art, and began using Leonard Bocour's Magna acrylic paint, which he would use exclusively for the rest of his painting career.

In 1952, Morris Louis and Marcella Brenner moved to Washington, D.C. and set up a studio in his home where he would complete his most notable canvases. He began teaching at the Washington Workshop Center for the Arts and met artist Kenneth Noland who was also exploring Color Field painting. Through Noland, Louis met art critic Clement Greenberg in 1953, and they visited artist studios in New York City to study abstract expressionist works, including those by Helen Frankenthaler, Jackson Pollock, and Franz Kline. Louis and Noland were greatly influenced by Frankenthaler's staining technique, and Louis began experimenting with staining methods upon his return to Washington. Clement Greenberg became a life-long advocate for Louis and, in 1954, included Louis in the seminal group exhibition, "Emerging Talent," organized by Greenberg for the Kootz Gallery. In 1960, Andre Emmerich became his dealer in the United States and Lawrence Rubin represented him in Paris.

Using thinned Magna paint and unstretched, unprimed canvases, Louis created his works by rotating the canvas as the paint moved across and soaked in. Between 1958 and 1962 Louis produced three major series of paintings—the Veils, the Unfurleds, and the Stripes. Each series numbered more than one hundred canvases. Louis never documented his exact painting methods and would not allow anyone to watch him work, including his wife. His own worst critic, Louis destroyed many of his paintings that did meet his standards, including a large number of his earliest works and many created between 1954 and 1957. He also designated numerous surviving works for destruction prior to his death.

Louis was diagnosed with lung cancer on July 1, 1962 and died a few months later. The Andre Emmerich Gallery held a previously scheduled exhibition as planned, a month following Louis' death, as a memorial exhibition.
Related Materials:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are the Marcella Brenner journals, 1962-2000. The Maryland Institute College of Art (MICA) also holds papers of Morris Louis and the Morris Louis Estate in their Morris Louis Study Collection.
Provenance:
The Morris Louis and Morris Louis Estate papers were donated by Marcella Brenner in several installments in 1976, 1986, and 1988. Subsequent donations in 2009 and 2012 were donated by Marcella Brenner via Ann M. Garfinkle, Executor. The Anita Faatz interviews were donated in 1976 by Marcella Brenner.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center. Many of the audio recordings and transcripts of interviews with 26 artists conducted by Anita Faatz in 1970-1971 are access restricted and written permission is required from the person interviewed. Please contact reference services for more information. Any use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Morris Louis and Morris Louis Estate papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Transcripts  Search this
Washington Color School (Group of artists)  Search this
Painters -- United States  Search this
Law and art -- United States  Search this
Color-field painting  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Abstract expressionism -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Video recordings
Sound recordings
Interviews
Photographs
Citation:
Morris Louis and Morris Louis Estate Papers, circa 1910s-2007, bulk 1965-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.louimorr
See more items in:
Morris Louis and Morris Louis Estate papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-louimorr
Additional Online Media:

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