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Father Charles E. Coughlin Collection

Topic:
Liberation Journal
Social Justice
Dearborn Independent
Creator:
Coughlin, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1891-1979  Search this
Names:
Ford, Henry, 1863-1947  Search this
Pelley, William Dudley, 1890-1965  Search this
Extent:
9 Cubic feet (27 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Letters (correspondence)
Pamphlets
Periodicals
Lectures
Articles
Photographs
Books
Sermons
Speeches
Audio cassettes
Date:
1919-2015, undated
Scope and Contents:
This refence collection was assembled to assist in writing a biography of the Reverend Mr. Charles E. Coughlin. The collection contains books, booklets, published sermons, published lectures, pamphlets and other printed materials. Of these, 57 were written by Coughlin. The remainder of the materials relate to him directly or have chapters or passages relating to him. Additionally, there are periodicals, including newspaper and magazine articles, and a full set of Coughlin's weekly publication, Social Justice, 1936-1942; other periodicals such as William Dudley Pelley's weekly Liberation Journal, 1938-1948; copies of Henry Ford's Dearborn Independent; original photographs, including images of Coughlin and of his church; letters; copies of the FBI's files on Coughlin; and (non-original) recordings of his broadcasts.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in four series.

Series 1: Coughlin, Charles E., Writings and Speeches, 1930-1972, undated

Series 2: Photographs and Ephemera, 1927-1979, undated

Series 3: Periodicals and Publications, 1919-2012

Series 4: Reference Materials, 1933-2015, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Edward Coughlin was born on October 25, 1891 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada to Thomas J. and Amelia Mahoney Coughlin. He was educated in Canada and attended St. Michael's College, Toronto. After graduation he prepared for Holy Orders within the Basilian Fathers at St. Basil's Seminary. He was ordained to the Roman Catholic priesthood in 1916. Coughlin left the Basilian order after 1923 and moved to Detroit, Michigan.

Coughlin was accepted into the Roman Catholic Archidiocese of Detroit in 1923. He was eventually assigned to the Shrine of the Little Flower in Royal Oak, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. His reputation for formidable preaching led to the growth of his congregation, and in 1926 Coughlin began broadcasting after a Klu Klux Klan cross burning on the lawn of the church.

He eventually expanded the topics of his broadcast to the political arena. It was with this programmatic change that Coughlin became one of the most controversial figures in the first half of the twentieth century. Described as the "Radio Priest," "The Fighting Priest," and the "Angel of the Airways," Coughlin broadcast weekly from a radio studio in Royal Oak from 1926-1940. Taking a strident and nationalistic tone, he lambasted immigrants, bankers, Communists and other groups. Breaching the line between religion and politics he also lectured and sermonized on government policy. While initially favoring the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, he eventually became one of the president's harshest critics.

In 1936 he began publishing Social Justice a weekly paper. Coughlin's broadcasts were so successful that between 1931-1936 a new Shrine of the Little Flower was built. The zig-zag Art Deco style of the Shrine became a tourist destination for Coughlin's fans. His increasingly harsh rehtoric coincided with the outbreak of World War II. While stating he was not antisemitic, he professed support for some of the governmental policies of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in part because they were a check on Communist Russia. The Vatican and many Roman Catholic American bishops disagreed and wanted Coughlin to leave the airwaves. Eventually he was forced off the air and publication of Social Justice was halted.

Coughlin remained parish priest at the Shrine of the Little Flower until his retirment in 1966. He spent his retirement publishing and giving the occasional interview. Coughlin died on October 27, 1979. He is buried in the Holy Sepulchre Cemetery in Southfield, Michigan.
Separated Materials:
Objects related to Father Charles E. Coughlin are held in the Division of Cultural and Community Life.
Provenance:
The collection was purchased by the National Museum of American History from Todd Moriarty. Moriarty had acquired the collection from an individual who amassed the materials with plans to write a book on Coughlin.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Reproduction restricted due to copyright or trademark. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Anti-communist movements -- United States  Search this
Religion and politics  Search this
Catholic Church  Search this
Radio in religion  Search this
Priests  Search this
Catholicism  Search this
Radio broadcasting  Search this
Radio in politics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Pamphlets -- 20th century
Periodicals -- 20th century
Lectures -- 20th century
Articles -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 20th century
Books -- 20th century
Sermons
Speeches -- 20th century
Audio cassettes -- 20th century
Citation:
Charles E. Coughlin Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1389
See more items in:
Father Charles E. Coughlin Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1389
Additional Online Media:

Wright Brothers Collection

Names:
Coffyn, Frank, 1878-1960  Search this
Ford, Henry, 1863-1947  Search this
Jones, Ernest La Rue, 1883-1955  Search this
Peterkin, C. R.  Search this
See, James Waring, 1850-1920.  Search this
Upson, Ralph Hazlett, 1888-1968  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic Feet (1 slim legal document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Sketches
Date:
1909-1945
Summary:
This collection consists mostly of correspondence between the Wright brothers and the following people: J.W. See; Ralph H. Upson; Henry Ford; Ernest Jones; Frank Coffyn; O.G. Simmons; C.R. Peterkin; Otto Mallery; Maynard; and Lester Gardner. Also included are sketches, an NAA letter signed by witnesses: Etheridge, Dough and Moore attesting to the 1903 flight, and the Wright Brothers' original bid for the military contract.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists mostly of correspondence between the Wright brothers and the following people: J.W. See; Ralph H. Upson; Henry Ford; Ernest Jones; Frank Coffyn; O.G. Simmons; C.R. Peterkin; Otto Mallery; Maynard; and Lester Gardner. Also included are sketches, an NAA letter signed by witnesses: Etheridge, Dough and Moore attesting to the 1903 flight, and the Wright Brothers' original bid for the military contract.
Arrangement:
Correspondence is arranged by recipient, other materials are arranged by topic.
Biographical / Historical:
Wilbur Wright was born April 16, 1867, his brother Orville Wright on August 19, 1871. They, along with sister Katharine and brothers Reuchlin and Lorin, were raised near Millville, Indiana and in Dayton, Ohio by their mother, Susan Wright, and father, Milton Wright, bishop of the United Brethren Church. As young men, Wilbur and Orville launched a printing business and a bicycle shop. An interest in aeronautics, spurred by the accounts of the experiments of Otto Lilienthal, prompted Wilbur to request information on the subject from the Smithsonian Institution in 1899. In August of 1900, Wilbur built his first glider and that year and the next the brothers tested gliders at Kitty Hawk. The Wrights constructed a wind tunnel to gather accurate aeronautical data and, benefiting from this new information, another glider was built in 1902. In 1903, the brothers were ready to began construction of a powered craft. With the assistance of mechanic Charles Taylor, they added a 4-cylinder, 12-horsepower engine and propellers to the 1903 Flyer and it was sent to Kitty Hawk for testing. At 10:35 am, December 17, on Kill Devil Hill, Orville achieved a flight of 12 seconds--traveling a distance of 120 feet. By 1908 the Wrights were demonstrating their machines in Europe. The U.S. Army Signal Corps advertised for bids for a two-seat observation aircraft and in 1908 and 1909, the Wrights flew at official Army trials at Fort Myer, Virginia. (It was here that powered flight's first fatality occurred: the tragic death of Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge.) The Army was to purchase the Military Flyer (Signal Corps No. 1) for $30,000 in 1909. In that same year, The Wright Company was established to manufacture Wright aircraft. Wilbur died in Dayton, Ohio on May 30,1912. Orville Wright would live until January 30, 1948.
Provenance:
Various Donors, Gift, unknown, NASM.XXXX.0376
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Sketches
Citation:
Wright Brothers Collection, NASM.XXXX.0376, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0376
See more items in:
Wright Brothers Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0376
Additional Online Media:

Ford ideals : being a selection from "Mr. Ford's page" in The Dearborn Independent

Author:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Physical description:
452 p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1922
Topic:
Business  Search this
Success  Search this
Call number:
CT275.F68 A3 1922
CT275.F68A3 1922
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_332149

Henry Ford / Cy Caldwell ; illustrated by Edd Ashe

Author:
Caldwell, Cy  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Physical description:
206 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1955
Call number:
TL140.F6 C35 1955
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_538723

The flivver king : a story of Ford-America / Upton Sinclair ; introduction by Steve Meyer

Author:
Sinclair, Upton 1878-1968  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 119 p. : port ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1987
1987, c1937
Call number:
CT275.F68 S55 1987
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_463193

The legend of Henry Ford. With a new pref. by William Greenleaf

Author:
Sward, Keith 1904-  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 550 p. 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1968
1968 [c1948]
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_477958

My life and work, by Henry Ford, in collaboration with Samuel Crowther

Author:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Crowther, Samuel 1880-1947  Search this
Physical description:
4 p. l., 289 p. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1922
Call number:
CT275.F69A1
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_106667

Henry Ford, ignorant idealist / David E. Nye

Author:
Nye, David E. 1946-  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 147 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1979
Call number:
TL140.F6 N93X
TL140.F6N93X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_117496

My philosophy of industry : an authorized interview / by Fay Leone Faurote

Author:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Faurote, Fay Leone -1938  Search this
Physical description:
107 pages : portrait ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1929
Topic:
Industries  Search this
Machinery in the workplace  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1075987

Ford : the times, the man, the company / by Allan Nevins, with the collaboration of Frank Ernest Hill

Author:
Nevins, Allan 1890-1971  Search this
Hill, Frank Ernest 1888-1969  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Ford Motor Company  Search this
Physical description:
688 pages : illustrations, portraits, maps, facsimiles, genealogical table ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1954
Call number:
CT275.F68 N372 1954
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_616262

Henry Ford, mass production, modernism, and design / Ray Batchelor

Title:
Henry Ford
Author:
Batchelor, Ray 1954-  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Physical description:
x, 150 p. : ill., col. plates ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1994
C1994
Topic:
Industrialists  Search this
Automobile industry and trade--History  Search this
Automobiles--Design and construction--History  Search this
Mass production--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_476694

Henry Ford's airport, and other aviation interests 1909-1954 / Timothy J. O'Callaghan

Title:
Henry Ford's airport
Author:
O'Callaghan, Timothy J. 1930-  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947 Contributions in aeronautics  Search this
Ford Motor Company Airplane Division History  Search this
Stout Metal Airplane Company History  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 159 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1993
C1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_479527

Young Henry Ford: a picture history of the first forty years / by Sidney Olson

Author:
Olson, Sidney  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Physical description:
188 pages : illustrations, portraits, facsimiles ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1963
Call number:
CT275.F68O4X 1963
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_323884

The triumph of an idea : the story of Henry Ford / by Ralph H. Graves ; illustrations from photographs

Author:
Graves, Ralph Henry 1878-  Search this
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Ford Motor Company  Search this
Physical description:
4 p. l., 184 p. incl. front., illus., ports. 19 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1934
Topic:
Ford automobile  Search this
Call number:
TL215.F7G7X 1934
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_366183

My forty years with Ford, by Charles E. Sorensen with Samuel T. Williamson

Author:
Sorensen, Charles E. 1881-1968  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Ford Motor Company  Search this
Physical description:
345 pages illustrations 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1956
[1956]
Call number:
HD9710.U54F69X 1956
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_374759

Henry Ford : the wayward capitalist / Carol Gelderman

Author:
Gelderman, Carol W  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 463 p., [4] p. of plates : ill., ports ; 21 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1989
Topic:
Automobile industry and trade--History  Search this
Businessmen  Search this
Call number:
HD9710.U52F6637 1989X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_382386

Beyond the Model T : the other ventures of Henry Ford / Ford R. Bryan

Author:
Bryan, Ford R (Ford Richardson)  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Physical description:
204 p. : ill. ; 29 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
United States
Date:
1990
Topic:
Businessmen  Search this
Industrialists  Search this
Millionaires  Search this
Philanthropists  Search this
Call number:
HD9710.U52F6627 1990X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_393387

Henry Ford, a personal history, 1863-1947 : a guide to an exhibition

Author:
Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 64 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1960
Call number:
TL140.F6E4 1960
TL140.F6E34 1960
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_210202

Monopoly on wheels; Henry Ford and the Selden automobile patent. With a foreword by Allan Nevins

Author:
Greenleaf, William 1917-1975  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Selden, George Baldwin 1846-1922  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 302 p. 24 cm
Type:
Patents
Place:
United States
Date:
1961
Topic:
Automobile industry and trade  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Call number:
TL23.G7X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_246693

And then came Ford, by Charles Merz; decorations by Harry Cimino

Author:
Merz, Charles 1893-  Search this
Subject:
Ford, Henry 1863-1947  Search this
Ford Motor Company  Search this
Physical description:
6 p. l., 3-321 p. incl. plates. 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1929
Topic:
Ford automobile  Search this
Call number:
CT275.F69M5
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_100992

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