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Egbert Hamilton Walker Papers

Creator:
Walker, Egbert H, (Egbert Hamilton), 1899-  Search this
Extent:
7.375 cu. ft. (14 document boxes) (3 6x9x12 card boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1938-1961
Introduction:
The papers of Egbert Hamilton Walker were transferred to the Smithsonian Archives from the Hunt Institute in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1977. Subsequently, two additional transfers of papers were gifted by Egbert Walker in 1978 and 1979. In 1995, Walker's autobiographical notes were transferred from the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History. In 2002, the Smithsonian Institution Press project file for the Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands was duplicated and filed within the subject series of these papers.

The Archives would like to thank Priscilla Foley for conducting the preliminary processing of the Walker Papers in the Fall of 2000 as a part of a graduate internship with the University of Maryland.
Descriptive Entry:
These papers document the career and life of Egbert Hamilton Walker, a Smithsonian Institution botanist whose taxonomic research centered on the Myrsinaceae of East Asia. Types of documentation include correspondence, reports, copies and drafts of manuscripts, bibliographic card files, and autobiographical notes.

The papers of Egbert Hamilton Walker primarily pertain to the research, funding, and preparation for the Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands. This publication was the result of over twenty years of research from Walker's time at the Department of Botany, United States National Museum to his time as Research Associate at the Department of Botany at the National Museum of Natural History. Primary correspondents with regards to this publication include Tetsuo Amano, Sumihiko Hatusima, Tetsuo Koyama and Shinjun Tawada.

Papers relating to the research, funding, and preparation for A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany and its supplement are also well represented. Reports on the Servicemen's Collecting Program developed by Walker during World War II, and the Scientific Investigations in the Ryukyu Islands botanical program initiated by the Pacific Science Board of the National Research Council and implemented by Walker are also documented in these papers.

Walker's primary correspondents from his early years at the Smithsonian until his retirement include botanists Harley Harris Bartlett of the University of Michigan, Elmer Drew Merrill of Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University and Joseph Francis Rock.

Walker's autobiographical notes were written around 1978. The appendices to his autobiography pertain to his experiences in China from 1923 to 1926; the Old World collections in the United States National Herbarium; Walker's field work, publications, and conferences he attended; the Walker family Christmas letters; and the editor of A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany.

For records documenting Bartlett and Walker's research on Sumatran plants, see accession T89024, from the Department of Botany, United States National Museum. In addition, record unit 7271 Rolla Kent Beattie Paper's, circa 1928-1947 include correspondence between Beattie and Walker concerning Japanese ferns and grasses.

Field notes pertaining to Walker's research in New Zealand, the Eastern United States, Japan, and the Philippines are included in the Collector's Field Books and Miscellaneous Notes of the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History.
Historical Note:
Egbert Hamilton Walker (1899-1991), botanist, was born in Chicago, Illinois. At age two and a half, Walker was diagnosed with polio. His illness, which had been left untreated for so many years, left him with one good arm and a slightly damaged left leg.

After receiving his B.A. degree from the University of Michigan in 1922, he spent four years as an instructor at Canton Christian College (Lingnan University) in Canton, China. In 1926, with the help of Professor Harley Harris Bartlett of the University of Michigan, Walker entered the University of Wisconsin. He received a M.S. degree in botany in 1928 for his paper, Fifty-one common ornamental trees of the Lingnan University campus.

After leaving Wisconsin in 1928, Walker began work in the Division of Plants, United States National Museum at the Smithsonian Institution. Walker spent much of his time reorganizing the neglected, Old World collections and prepared reports on his progress in 1934, 1941, and 1943. Walker became the department's Assistant Curator in 1942 and Associate Curator in 1947. When the Division was reorganized into the Department of Botany in 1947, he was assigned to the Division of Phanerogams.

In 1928, Walker began work with Elmer Drew Merrill to compile a comprehensive bibliography on the literature of Chinese botany. The project was officially recognized as a joint effort between the Smithsonian Institution and the New York Botanical Garden in 1931 when Merrill was Director of the latter institution. The resulting publication was A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany, published in 1938. A Revision of the Eastern Asiatic Myrsinaceae eventually became Walker's dissertation for which he received his Ph.D. in botany from Johns Hopkins University in 1940.

During World War II, Walker and the staff at the United States National Herbarium became involved in various wartime efforts such as the preparation of survival manuals, pamphlets and articles for the army. Another wartime effort was a Servicemen's Collecting Program, proposed by Harley Harris Bartlett and developed by Walker. As the primary contact for the project, Walker received many plant specimens, primarily from servicemen stationed in Guam, the Aleutian Islands, and Okinawa, Japan.

When the Scientific Investigation of the Ryukyu Islands (SIRI) botanical program was developed by the Pacific Science Board of the National Research Council, Walker was selected to implement the program. In 1951, he left for Okinawa to conduct field work there and the surrounding islands. Walker would make three additional research trips to the area in 1953, 1957, and 1966. This led to the publication of Important Trees of the Ryukyu Islands in 1954 and later, the Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands in 1976.

Walker retired from the Smithsonian staff in June 1959 after 30 years. He continued his research on a supplemental edition to A Bibliography of Eastern Asian Botany as a consultant with the American Institute of Biological Sciences in Washington D.C. from 1959 to1960. The supplement, along with the first volume is considered his most important contribution to botany, was eventually published in 1960.

Beginning in 1961, Walker spent the majority of his time writing and revising the Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation to the Pacific Science Board of the National Academy of Science. He returned to the Smithsonian staff in 1965 as a Research Associate to the Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History and continued his work there until 1987.

Walker conducted botanical field work specifically in Okinawa and the Ryukyu Islands, but also in New Zealand, Japan, the Philippine Islands, Hawaii, the Johnston Islands, Guam, Thailand, and Vietnam. He was vice president (1944) and president (1949-1950) of the Botanical Society of Washington and a member of the Botanical Society of Japan.
Chronology:
June 12, 1899 -- born in Chicago, Illinois

1922 -- Bachelor of Arts, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor

1922-1926 -- Instructor, Canton Christian College (Lingnan University), China

1928 -- Master of Science, University of Wisconsin

1928 -- Aid, United States National Museum, Division of Plants

February 18, 1929 -- married Elsie Howell

November 8, 1930 -- divorced Elsie Howell

April 10, 1936 -- married Dorothy Kemball

1938 -- published, A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany

1939 -- awarded Oberly Prize, administered by the National Library of Agriculture, for the A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany

January 20, 1939 -- birth of first child, William King

1940 -- Doctor of Philosophy, Johns Hopkins University

March 11, 1941 -- birth of second child, Jeanne Kemball

1942 -- Assistant Curator, United States National Museum, Department of Biology, Division of Plants

1944 -- Vice President, Botanical Society of Washington

1947 -- Associate Curator, United States National Museum, Department of Botany, Division of Phanerogams

1949 -- delegate for the Smithsonian Institution, Seventh Pacific Science Conference, New Zealand

1949 -- field work, New Zealand

1949 -- President, Potomac Appalachian Trail Club

1950 -- President, Botanical Society of Washington

1951 -- Civilian Specialist, Scientific Investigation of the Ryukyu Islands (program of the Pacific Science Board of the National Research Council)

1953 -- delegate for Scientific Investigation of the Ryukyu Islands, Eighth Pacific Science Conference, Philippines

1953 -- field work, Luzon Island in the Philippines, Hawaii, Johnston Island, Guam, and Okinawa, Japan

1954 -- published, Important Trees of the Ryukyu Islands

1957 -- delegate, Ninth Pacific Science Conference, Thailand

1957 -- speaker, Seventy-Fifth Annual Meeting of the Botanical Society of Japan

1957 -- field work, Okinawa, Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, and the Philippines

1959 -- retired from Smithsonian Institution

1960 -- published, A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany. Supplement

1960 -- awarded the Oberly Award, administered by the National Library of Agriculture for the supplement to A Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany

1965 -- Research Associate, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

1966 -- lecturer, Eleventh Pacific Science Conference, Japan

1966 -- professional trip, Okinawa, Japan

1976 -- published, Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands

March 10, 1991 -- death
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Myrsinaceae  Search this
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7270, Walker, Egbert H, (Egbert Hamilton), 1899-, Egbert Hamilton Walker Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7270
See more items in:
Egbert Hamilton Walker Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7270

Egbert Hamilton Walker Papers, 1923-1987

Creator:
Walker, Egbert H (Egbert Hamilton) 1899-1991  Search this
Subject:
Hatusima, Sumihiko  Search this
Bartlett, Harley Harris 1886-1960  Search this
Rock, Joseph Francis Charles 1884-1962  Search this
Koyama, Tetsuo 1935-  Search this
Tawada, Shinjun 1907-  Search this
Amano, Tetsuo 1912-  Search this
Merrill, Elmer D (Elmer Drew) 1876-1956  Search this
American Institute of Biological Sciences  Search this
Botanical Society of Washington (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Plants  Search this
United States National Herbarium  Search this
United States National Museum Department of Botany  Search this
United States National Museum Division of Phanerogams  Search this
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Department of Botany  Search this
Nihon Shokubutsu Gakkai  Search this
University of Michigan  Search this
Arnold Arboretum  Search this
Canton Christian College  Search this
University of Wisconsin  Search this
Johns Hopkins University  Search this
Physical description:
8.08 cu. ft. (14 document boxes) (3 5x8 boxes)
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Ryukyu Islands
Date:
1938
1938-1961
1923-1987
Topic:
Botany  Search this
Myrsinaceae  Search this
Local number:
SIA RU007270
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_217427

Egbert Hamilton Walker Papers, c. 1923-1987

Creator:
Walker, Egbert H (Egbert Hamilton) 1899-1991  Search this
Subject:
Walker, Egbert H (Egbert Hamilton) 1899-1991  Search this
Zhang, Qing'en  Search this
Physical description:
0.5 cu. ft. (1 document box)
Type:
Clippings
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Place:
China
Date:
1923
1923-1987
c 1923-1987
Topic:
Botanists  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 95-032
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_252239

Ipomoea hederacea Jacq.

Biogeographical Region:
38 - Eastern Asia  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
S. Tawad  Search this
Tetsuo Amano  Search this
Place:
Shuri City., Okinawa, Japan, Asia-Temperate
Collection Date:
30 Jul 1951
Common name:
ivy-leaved morning-glory
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Solanales Convolvulaceae
Published Name:
Ipomoea hederacea Jacq.
Barcode:
03153853
USNM Number:
2093732
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14634324

Torrey, Raymond H. (1933-1934). Belongs to Egbert Hamilton Walker material.

Collection Creator::
United States National Museum. Division of Cryptogams  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 228, United States National Museum. Division of Cryptogams, Curatorial Correspondence
See more items in:
Curatorial Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0228-refidd1e1188

Cultural Relations Program, 1944-1946. Includes correspondence of John Enos Graf and Egbert Hamilton Walker

Collection Creator::
Schmitt, Waldo L. (Waldo Lasalle), 1887-1977.  Search this
Container:
Box 8 of 194
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7231, Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
See more items in:
Waldo L. Schmitt Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7231-refidd1e2538

Actinidia arguta var. rufa (Siebold & Zucc.) Maxim.

Biogeographical Region:
38 - Eastern Asia  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
Kunigami; in Genka State Forest along the Genka-gawa., Okinawa, Japan, Asia-Temperate
Collection Date:
29 Oct 1957
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Dilleniales Dilleniaceae
Published Name:
Actinidia arguta var. rufa (Siebold & Zucc.) Maxim.
Barcode:
03385758
USNM Number:
2613096
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14910125

Pomaderris elliptica Labill.

Biogeographical Region:
51 - New Zealand  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
Home grounds and nursery of F.S. Holman, Whau Valley Road. North Island: Whangarei., Auckland, New Zealand, Australasia
Collection Date:
11 Apr 1949
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rhamnales Rhamnaceae
Published Name:
Pomaderris elliptica Labill.
Barcode:
03372196
USNM Number:
1994554
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14893539

Pomaderris edgerleyi Hook. f.

Biogeographical Region:
51 - New Zealand  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
North Island: northern Auckland Province; near Babylon, south of Kaihu., Auckland, New Zealand, Australasia
Collection Date:
8 Apr 1949
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rhamnales Rhamnaceae
Published Name:
Pomaderris edgerleyi Hook. f.
Barcode:
03372198
USNM Number:
1994428
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14893541

Elaeocarpus hookerianus

Biogeographical Region:
51 - New Zealand  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
South Island: Takaka Pass, west of Nelson., Nelson, New Zealand, Australasia
Collection Date:
27 Mar 1949
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Elaeocarpaceae
Published Name:
Elaeocarpus hookerianus
Barcode:
03374384
USNM Number:
1994281
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14895886

Ampelopsis brevipedunculata var. heterophylla (Thunb.) H. Hara

Min. Elevation:
305  Search this
Biogeographical Region:
38 - Eastern Asia  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
Ryukyu Islands; Katsudake., Okinawa, Japan, Asia-Temperate
Collection Date:
23 Jun 1966
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rhamnales Vitaceae
Published Name:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata var. heterophylla (Thunb.) H. Hara
Barcode:
01119020
USNM Number:
2619474
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10297243

Tetrastigma formosanum (Hemsl.) Gagnep.

Biogeographical Region:
38 - Eastern Asia  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
Okinawa Island. Near Ginama., Ryukyu, Japan, Asia-Temperate
Collection Date:
20 Jun 1966
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rhamnales Vitaceae
Published Name:
Tetrastigma formosanum (Hemsl.) Gagnep.
Barcode:
01150663
USNM Number:
2619348
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10426154

Leea sp.

Biogeographical Region:
42 - Malesia  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
Luzon Islands., Philippines, Asia-Tropical
Collection Date:
Nov 1952
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rhamnales Vitaceae
Published Name:
Leea sp.
Barcode:
01152938
USNM Number:
2159196
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10466655

Pronephrium triphyllum (Sw.) Holttum

Biogeographical Region:
38 - Eastern Asia  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
S. Tawada  Search this
Place:
Ryukyu Islands, Yaeyama Gunto: Iriomote Island; Nakara River Region, Okinawa, Japan, Asia-Temperate
Collection Date:
31 Aug 1951
Taxonomy:
Plantae Pteridophyte Polypodiales Thelypteridaceae
Published Name:
Pronephrium triphyllum (Sw.) Holttum
Barcode:
01656111
USNM Number:
2018695
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_12488258

Pomaderris phylicifolia Link

Biogeographical Region:
51 - New Zealand  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
Silverdale, Stony Creek Rd. (Lees Rd.), North Island: northern Auckland Province., Auckland, New Zealand, Australasia
Collection Date:
8 Apr 1949
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rhamnales Rhamnaceae
Published Name:
Pomaderris phylicifolia Link
Barcode:
03372263
USNM Number:
1994417
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14893606

Elaeocarpus silvestris (Lour.) Poir.

Biogeographical Region:
38 - Eastern Asia  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
S. Tawada  Search this
Tetsuo Amano  Search this
Place:
Okinawa Island. Naha, near Yogi Agricultural Institute., Okinawa, Japan, Asia-Temperate
Collection Date:
24 Jun 1951
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Elaeocarpaceae
Published Name:
Elaeocarpus silvestris (Lour.) Poir.
Barcode:
03374110
USNM Number:
2093239
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14895603

Elaeocarpus silvestris (Lour.) Poir.

Biogeographical Region:
38 - Eastern Asia  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
S. Tawada  Search this
Place:
Ryukyu Islands. Taira city; near a shrine. Miyako Island X., Okinawa, Japan, Asia-Temperate
Collection Date:
8 Sep 1951
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Elaeocarpaceae
Published Name:
Elaeocarpus silvestris (Lour.) Poir.
Barcode:
03374111
USNM Number:
2094429
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14895604

Elaeocarpus dentatus Vahl

Biogeographical Region:
51 - New Zealand  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
North Island: Auckland Province; Cascade Park, Waitakere Range, west northwest of Auckland., Auckland, New Zealand, Australasia
Collection Date:
13 Apr 1949
Common name:
hinau
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Elaeocarpaceae
Published Name:
Elaeocarpus dentatus Vahl
Barcode:
03374310
USNM Number:
1994608
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14895814

Aristotelia serrata Oliv.

Biogeographical Region:
51 - New Zealand  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
Stewart Island: vicinity of Halfmoon Bay. Along road to Fern Gully., New Zealand, Australasia
Collection Date:
17 Mar 1949
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Malvales Elaeocarpaceae
Published Name:
Aristotelia serrata Oliv.
Barcode:
03376286
USNM Number:
1994184
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14903260

Ampelopsis glandulosa (Wall.) Momiy.

Microhabitat Description:
Along roadside.  Search this
Biogeographical Region:
38 - Eastern Asia  Search this
Collector:
Egbert Hamilton Walker  Search this
Place:
Yamagata Pref., near Atsumi village., Japan, Asia-Temperate
Collection Date:
25 Sep 1951
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rhamnales Vitaceae
Published Name:
Ampelopsis glandulosa (Wall.) Momiy.
Barcode:
01125106
USNM Number:
2064985
See more items in:
Flowering plants and ferns
Botany
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_10373120

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