Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
298 documents - page 1 of 15

The American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition, May 1909-November 1915 [electronic resource]

Title:
Congo Expedition
Author:
AMNH Digital Library Project  Search this
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
American Museum Congo Expedition (1909-1915)  Search this
Subject:
American Museum Congo Expedition (1909-1915)  Search this
Type:
Electronic resources
Catalogs and collections
Place:
Congo (Democratic Republic)
New York (State)
New York
Date:
2002
C2002-
Topic:
Scientific expeditions  Search this
Natural history  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Discovery and exploration  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_671700

Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers

Creator:
Knight, Gwendolyn  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Names:
Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988  Search this
Bocour, Leonard, 1910-1993  Search this
Dintenfass, Terry, 1920-  Search this
Eichenberg, Fritz, 1901-1990  Search this
Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973  Search this
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Extent:
25.35 Linear feet
0.001 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Photographs
Date:
1816
1914-2008
bulk 1973-2001
Summary:
The papers of African American painter and educator Jacob Lawrence and his wife, artist Gwendolyn Knight measure 25.35 linear feet and 0.001 GB date from 1914 to 2008, with one item from 1816 and the bulk of the material dating from 1973 to 2001. The collection includes biographical material; correspondence including condolence letters to Gwendolyn Knight after Jacob Lawrence's death; writings by Jacob Lawrence and others; printed and digital material; photographs; personal business records; artwork; records from the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project; materials related to the Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation; professional files; and material related to awards and honors received by Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of African American painter and educator Jacob Lawrence and his wife, artist Gwendolyn Knight measure 25.35 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1914 to 2008, with one item from 1816 and the bulk of the material dating from 1973 to 2001. The collection includes biographical material; correspondence including condolence letters to Gwendolyn Knight after Jacob Lawrence's death; writings by Jacob Lawrence and others; printed and digital material; photographs; personal business records; artwork; records from the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project; materials related to the Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation; professional files; and material related to awards and honors received by Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.

Biographical material includes appointment and address books; education and personal identification certificates and documents; awards, certificates, curriculum vitae, and chronologies; biographical material related to other individuals, including identification documents and memorial programs; and transcripts of interviews with Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.

The correspondence series includes extensive personal and professional correspondence with family, friends, artists, admirers (including students in a number of elementary and middle schools), university students, government agencies, art schools, galleries, museums, publishing houses, and others. Included in this series are condolence letters received by Gwendolyn Knight after Jacob Lawrence's death in 2000.

Writings include published and unpublished writings by and about Jacob Lawrence, as well as writings by others. These writings include speeches, notes, essays, articles, lists, and short stories. Also included is a visitor comment book from the Los Angeles County Museum exhibition of Jacob Lawrence's Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass series.

Printed material includes books; brochures; business cards; clippings; exhibition and event announcements, invitations, catalogs, and programs; magazines; newsletters; posters; post cards; and press releases. Books in this collection may include illustrations by Jacob Lawrence or have personal inscriptions from the author to Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight.

Photographs include photographs of Jacob Lawrence artwork, photographs and reproductions of Gwendolyn Knight artwork, and photographs of Jacob Lawrence, Gwendolyn Knight, and other individuals. Also included in this series are photographs and reproductions of work by others.

Personal business records include a ledger; consignment, financial, and shipping records related to the Terry Dintenfass Gallery; contracts and agreements; and estate documents.

Artwork includes sketches by Jacob Lawrence, a blank sketchbook inscribed by Jacob Lawrence to Gwendolyn Knight, and artwork by other artists.

Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project Records include materials generated by the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonné Project, a non-profit created with the goal of producing a catalogue raisonné (and later, a digital archive) of Jacob Lawrence's work. These records include address books and phone logs; copies of Jacob Lawrence's CV; founding documents, bylaws, and meeting minutes; correspondence; writings, including draft pages of the catalogue raisonné; business records, including employment files, contracts, invoices, insurance, and tax information; printed and digital material; and photographs and artwork.

The Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation and Related Material series includes founding documents and foundation bylaws, correspondence, financial documents, reports, and proposals. Found within this series are materials related to the Lawrence Center for the Visual Arts, a subsidiary foundation of the Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation.

Professional files include material related to projects and exhibitions, teaching files and inclusion in curricula, files regarding possible fake Jacob Lawrence works, and gallery files.

The honors series is divided into two subseries: awards and certificates, and government honors. Awards and certificates includes honorary degrees, arts prizes, and any other honors awarded to Jacob Lawrence or Gwendolyn Knight. Government honors include resolutions, proclamations, and keys to cities. Also included in this series are correspondence related to awards and honorary degrees, commencement programs, plaques, and medals.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in 11 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1914-2005 (Boxes 1, 11, 26, OV 10; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1943, 1952-2005 (Boxes 1-5, 12-14, 26; 7.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Writings, 1954-1959, 1973-2005, undated (Boxes 5-6, 14-15; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1816, 1926, 1937, 1945-2008 (Boxes 6-9, 15-17, 26, OV 30, OV 31; 6.8 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1970-1997, undated (Boxes 9, 17, OV 10; 0.4 linear feet)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, 1962-2005 (Boxes 9, 17; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 7: Artwork, 1984, 1990-1994, undated (Boxes 9, 18, 26; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 8: Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne Project Records, 1982-2002 (Boxes 18-23, Box 26; 5.1 linear feet, ER01; 0.001 GB)

Series 9: Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation and Related Material, 1997-2005 (Box 23; 0.6 linear feet)

Series 10: Professional Files, 1964-2004 (Boxes 23-24; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 11: Honors, 1948, 1966-2005 (Boxes 24-25, 27-29, OV 30; 2.3 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Modernist painter and educator Jacob Lawrence (1917-2000) was born in 1917 as Jacob Armstead Lawrence in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He began his art studies at the Utopia Children's Center in New York City's Harlem district where he studied under the painter Charles Alston. Lawrence dropped out of high school at the age of sixteen to continue his art instruction with Alston, this time at the Harlem Art Workshop, where he met several artists associated with the Harlem Renaissance including the sculptor Augusta Savage.

Gwendolyn Knight (1913-2005) was born in Barbados and moved to New York City with her adoptive parents when she was seven. She attended New York's Wadleigh High School and later Howard University in Washington, D.C. where she studied fine arts with Lois Mailou Jones and James Porter. Forced to leave her studies at Howard because of the Depression, Knight returned to Harlem and continued her artistic pursuits in Augusta Savage's workshop. In 1935, Knight joined the Harlem Mural Project of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) working under Selma Day and Charles Alston. Lawrence and Knight met in Savage's workshop and married in the summer of 1941.

During the Depression, Lawrence also joined the WPA Federal Arts Project in Harlem. Finding WPA murals overwhelming, Lawrence concentrated on traditional painting instead. He produced his first major works in the late 1930s, most notably the Toussaint L'Ouverture series, images that document the life of the revolutionary hero and Haiti's struggle for independence. Other significant works include visual narratives of the lives of abolitionists Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass. In 1940, Lawrence received the prestigious Julius Rosenwald Fellowship, which made it possible for him to purchase his first art studio on 125th Street in the heart of Harlem. He soon portrayed Harlem street life in paintings that became commentaries on the role of African Americans in United States society with highly developed themes of resistance and social opposition. That same year, Lawrence began his most celebrated series, The Migration of the American Negro, multiple tempera panels depicting the exodus of African American sharecroppers in the south to northern industrial cities in search of better employment and social opportunities. Edith Halpert exhibited the works in their entirety at her Downtown Gallery in 1941, establishing Lawrence as the first African American artist to exhibit in a top New York gallery. The following year, New York's Museum of Modern Art and the Phillips Collection in Washington, DC each bought half of the sixty panels in the series, helping to further Lawrence's career within the larger world of American art.

In the summer of 1946, the artist Joseph Albers invited Lawrence to teach at North Carolina's Black Mountain College. It was the first in a series of teaching positions in prestigious art schools including Pratt Institute (1956-1971), Brandeis University (1965), The New School (1966), the Art Students League (1967), and others. During the 1950s and 1960s, Lawrence's work continued to focus on racism and political activism but in the late 1960s shifted to themes of racial harmony.

Both Lawrence and Knight continued independent careers in art. Knight pursued her art studies at the New School in New York and the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine. In the mid-1960s, she collaborated with other female artists to form the Studio Gallery in New York City. Knight's main body of work consists of portraits and still-lifes that incorporate expressions of African sculpture, Impressionism, dance, and theater. Focusing on gesture, her art is described as light and airy with a minimum of lines allowing empty space to define the work. In 1970, Lawrence traveled to Seattle to teach as a visiting artist at the University of Washington. He was hired on a permanent basis the following year and remained on staff until his retirement in 1986.

Jacob Lawrence died June 9, 2000, in Seattle, Washington at the age of 83. Gwendolyn Knight continued to paint and exhibit her work around the country until her death on February 18, 2005 in Seattle, Washington at the age of 92.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are an oral history interview with Jacob Lawrence conducted by Carroll Greene (1968 October 26), interviews conducted by Avis Berman (1982 July 20-August 4), and an oral history interview with Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight conducted by Paul Karlstrom (1998 November 18). The Archives of American Art also holds a collection of Jacob Lawrence papers, available on microfilm only, reels D286 and 4571-4573. Originals reside at Syracuse University Library, Special Collections.
Provenance:
The Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in five accretions between 1979 and 1997. Additional papers were donated in 2012 by the Jacob and Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence Foundation via Barbara Earl Thomas, representative.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
African American artists -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Painters -- Washington (State)  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
African American artists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers, 1816, 1914-2008, bulk 1973-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lawrjaco
See more items in:
Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-lawrjaco
Additional Online Media:

Photographs

Collection Creator:
Knight, Gwendolyn  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet (Boxes 9, 17, OV 10)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1970-1997
undated
Scope and Contents:
Photographs include photographs of Jacob Lawrence artwork, photographs and reproductions of Gwendolyn Knight artwork, and photographs of Jacob Lawrence, Gwendolyn Knight, and other individuals. Also included in this series are photographs and reproductions of work by others.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers, 1816, 1914-2008, bulk 1973-2001. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.lawrjaco, Series 5
See more items in:
Jacob Lawrence and Gwendolyn Knight papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-lawrjaco-ref269

Audio Recordings

Collection Creator:
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet (Box 26; 8 audio reels [circa 24 hours], 1 audio cassette)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1965, 1969
Scope and Contents note:
This series consists of 8 audio reels and 1 audio cassette. Reels 1 to 7 were made by Brenda Kuhn (1911-1993), daughter of Walt Kuhn, as she went through her father's papers from March to November, 1965, on the eve of their accession to the archives. In her recordings, she makes specific reference to letters, artwork, photographs, and other documents found in the Armory Show Records and Walt Kuhn Family Papers. In some cases, Brenda is able to provide witness accounts of persons and events documented in the papers. However, her comments often stray far afield of the papers and art historical figures known to her as she muses on the activities of her own life and her vocation as promoter of her father's work. On reel 6, side 2 she interviews Grace Jones Sarka, wife of Charles Sarka and friend of Walt Kuhn during his early years as an artist in New York.

On reel 8, Brenda Kuhn's recollections are guided by Garnett McCoy, curator at the Archives of American Art, who interviews her about Walt Kuhn, the Kuhn family, and their contemporaries. Selected subjects on reels 1 to 8 are listed with the box inventory. All reels were recorded on both sides at a speed of 1 7/8 inches per second unless otherwise noted.

The audio cassette was recorded on "Walt Kuhn Day" at Kuhn House in Cape Neddick, ME on the 50th anniversary of Walt Kuhn's death in 1969.
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records, 1859-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kuhnwalt, Subseries 4.12
See more items in:
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records
Walt Kuhn Family papers and Armory Show records / Series 4: Walt Kuhn Family Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kuhnwalt-ref1022

Moses and Frances Asch Collection

Creator:
Asch, Moses  Search this
Distler, Marian, 1919-1964  Search this
Folkways Records  Search this
Names:
Courlander, Harold, 1908-1996  Search this
Guthrie, Woody, 1912-1967  Search this
Jenkins, Ella  Search this
Leadbelly, 1885-1949  Search this
Ramsey, Frederic, 1915-1995  Search this
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014  Search this
Extent:
841 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Business records
Correspondence
Phonograph records
Photographic prints
Audiotapes
Date:
1926-1986
bulk 1948-1986
Summary:
This collection, which dates from 1926-1986, documents the output of Moses Asch through the various record labels he founded and co-founded, and includes some of his personal papers. The Asch collection includes published recordings, master tapes, outtakes, business records, correspondence, photographs, and film.
Scope and Contents:
The Moses and Frances Asch Collection measures 841 cubic feet and dates from 1926-1987, with some contemporary, relevant correspondence, clippings, and ephemera added after 1987.

Most of the collection consists of audio recordings (commercial 78 rpm and long-playing records, open reel tapes, acetate discs, and test pressings), correspondence with recording artists and producers, artwork, photographs, ephemera, clippings, record production materials, writings, and business papers relating to Folkways Records. Materials relating to Folkways Records can be found primarily in the Correspondence, Folkways Production, Business Records, Photographs, Artwork, Sound Recordings, and Film series.

The collection also contains some biographical materials and personal correspondence, including materials related to Asch's first business, Radio Laboratories, located in the Biographical Materials series. Correspondence, ephemera, photographs, record production materials, business papers, and recordings relating to Asch's record labels before Folkways Records (Asch Recordings, Disc Company of America, Cub Records) are located in the Early Label Materials series as well as the Audio Recordings and Photographs series.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged in 10 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1942-1987

Series 2: Folkways Production, 1946-1987

Series 3: Business Records, 1940-1987

Series 4: Woody Guthrie papers, 1927-1985

Series 5: Early Label Materials, 1940-1949

Series 6: Biographical Materials, 1926-1987

Series 7: Photographs

Series 8: Artwork

Series 9: Audio Recordings

Series 10: Film

At this time, the collection is partially processed. Please contact rinzlerarchives@si.edu for more information.
Biographical/Historical note:
The son of Yiddish writer Sholem Asch, Moses Asch was born in Poland in 1905. His childhood was spent in Poland, France, Germany, and New York. While young, Asch developed an interest in radio electronics, which ultimately lead him to his life's work, recording the music and sounds of the world. He established several record labels in succession, sometimes partnering with other record companies. Two of his fist record companies, Asch Recordings and DISC Co. of America, went bankrupt. They were followed by his best-known label, Folkways Records, which was founded in 1948 with Marian Distler (1919-1964). He was still working on Folkways recordings when he died in 1986.

Folkways Records sought to document the entire world of sound. The 2,168 titles Asch released on Folkways include traditional and contemporary music from around the world, spoken word in many languages, and documentary recordings of individuals, communities, and current events. Asch's business practices revolved around the commitment to keep every recording issued by Folkways in print, despite low sales. Asch stayed afloat by cutting costs where he could (such as color printing) and offering a high-quality product, meticulously recorded and accompanied by extensive liner notes. In doing this, he could charge a slightly higher price than other commercial outfits. Despite a tenuous relationship with financial solvency, Folkways grew to be not only one of the most important independent record companies in the United States in the 20th century, but also one of the largest and most influential record companies in the world.

Moses Asch's record labels featured famous and lesser known American writers, poets, documentarians, ethnographers, and grass roots musicians on commercial recordings. American folk icon Woody Guthrie recorded on the Asch, Disc, and Folkways labels, and the Asch Collection includes some of his correspondence, lyrics, drawings, and writings. The collection also includes correspondence with other notable musicians and artists such as John Cage, Langston Hughes, Margaret Walker, Huddie "Lead Belly" Ledbetter, Pete Seeger, Peggy Seeger, Ewan MacColl, Alan Lomax, Henry Cowell, and Kenneth Patchen. Also in the collection are ethnographic field notes and photographs by as well as correspondence with Béla Barók, Sidney Robertson Cowell, Harold Courlander, Helen Creighton, Laura Boulton, and Samuel Charters. Asch hired various prominent artists and graphic designers including David Stone Martin, Ben Shahn, John Carlis, and Ronald Clyne to create album cover art for his recordings. Much of the original art and designs for these covers can be found in the Asch Collection.

Asch's output of recordings on various labels, including published recordings, open reel master tapes, outtakes, and acetate disks, in addition to his business papers, correspondence, photographs, and other files were acquired by the Smithsonian Institution in 1987. The collection came to the Smithsonian with the understanding that all 2168 titles under the Folkways label would be kept available in perpetuity.
Provenance:
Ralph Rinzler arranged the Smithsonian's acquisition of the Moses and Frances Asch Collection in 1987, beginning with Asch before his death in 1986 and continuing with extensive discussions between Rinzler and the Asch family. Since its acquisition, archivist Jeff Place and others have added contemporary, relevant correspondence with Folkways artists and related individuals.
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at rinzlerarchives@si.edu or (202) 633-7322 for additional information.
Rights:
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for additional information.
Topic:
Folk music  Search this
Folk dance music  Search this
Electronic music  Search this
Oral interpretation of poetry  Search this
Oral interpretation of fiction  Search this
Music -- 20th century  Search this
Music -- 19th century  Search this
Music -- 18th century  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Folk music -- United States  Search this
World music  Search this
Sounds  Search this
Vocal music  Search this
Popular music -- 20th century -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Business records
Correspondence
Phonograph records
Photographic prints
Audiotapes
Citation:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
CFCH.ASCH
See more items in:
Moses and Frances Asch Collection
Archival Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-cfch-asch
Additional Online Media:

Notebook of Artwork, Photographs, and Miscellaneous Items

Collection Creator:
Lay, Oliver Ingraham, 1845-1890  Search this
Lay, Charles Downing, 1877-1956  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 46
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1890
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Oliver Ingraham Lay, Charles Downing Lay, and Lay Family Papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Oliver Ingraham Lay, Charles Downing Lay, and Lay Family Papers, 1789-2000, bulk 1870-1996. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Oliver Ingraham Lay, Charles Downing Lay, and Lay Family papers
Oliver Ingraham Lay, Charles Downing Lay, and Lay Family papers / Series 1: Oliver Ingraham Lay and Marian Wait Lay Papers / 1.4: Writings and Notes
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-layoliv-ref33

Mary Frank papers

Creator:
Frank, Mary, 1933-  Search this
Names:
Frank, Robert, 1924-  Search this
Gibson, Ralph, 1939-  Search this
Lockspeiser, Eleanore, 1900-1986  Search this
Meyerowitz, Joel, 1938-  Search this
Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973  Search this
Extent:
4.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Date:
1884-2017
bulk 1957-1990
Summary:
The papers of sculptor and painter Mary Frank measure 4.2 linear feet and date from 1884-2017. Included are correspondence, writings, photographs, artwork and printed material documenting Frank's career. Correspondence is both personal and professional. Writings include dreams recounted in detail, poems, and ideas for works of art, some illustrated. Black and white photographs are of Frank, her sculptures, friends and family, and source material. Artwork includes drawings and sketches in dry point, pencil and watercolor. Printed material includes exhibition catalogs, announcements, brochures and clippings.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of sculptor and painter Mary Frank measure 4.2 linear feet and date from 1884-2017. Included are correspondence, writings, photographs, artwork and printed material documenting Frank's career. Correspondence is both personal and professional. Writings include dreams recounted in detail, poems, and ideas for works of art, some illustrated. Black and white photographs are of Frank, her sculptures, friends and family, and source material. Artwork includes drawings and sketches in dry point, pencil and watercolor. Printed material includes exhibition catalogs, announcements, brochures and clippings.

Materials in this collection document Mary Frank's career as an artist in New York through correspondence with family, friends, and artists; original drawings and watercolors; writings about ideas for her artwork; photographs of Frank in her studio and artwork; clippings reviewing her work and documenting her interest and support in the solar cooker movement; and exhibition catalogs and announcements. Also included are photographs from Frank's travels with Red Grooms and other artists in Italy in the 1960s, which was a formative experience in Frank's artistic development. The collection provides an illuminating context for Frank's artwork of the 1970s and 1980s, present in the collection as photographed sculpture but also as original drawings and watercolors.

The collection also offers a glimpse of her family life and early childhood documented through photographs of Robert Frank, and their children; photographs taken by Robert Frank and other known photographers; photographs that belonged to her parents and aunt; drawings by her son, Pablo, and aunt, Sylvia Weinstein; writings by her maternal grandfather; and writings that document personal struggles she experienced throughout her life. The collection provides a penetrating glimpse into the emotional turmoil of the years before Frank's divorce from Robert Frank, and documents through letters and writings Frank's struggles with her daughter's early death in 1974 and her son's illness that began in 1975 and ended in his death in 1994.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged in five series.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1943-2001 (0.4 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Writings, 1936 - circa 1990 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Printed Material, circa 1960-2013 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 4: Artwork, circa 1930 - circa 1990s (0.6 linear feet; Box 2, 4; OV 5)

Series 5: Photographic Material, 1884 - circa 2006 (2.4 linear feet; Box 2-3; OV 6-12)
Biographical / Historical:
Mary Frank (1933-) is a sculptor, ceramicist, and painter in New York, New York. She was born in London, England in 1933 to writer, Edward Lockspeiser, and artist, Eleanore Weinstein. In 1940, she and her mother moved to Brooklyn, New York and moved in with her mother's parents, Gregory and Eugenie Weinstein. Eventually Frank and her mother moved to the Village in Manhattan. Frank studied modern dance with Martha Graham and attended the High School of Music and Art, the Professional Children's School, and studied under artists Hans Hofmann and Max Beckmann. While still in high school, she met photographer, Robert Frank, whom she eventually married in 1950. They had two children, Pablo and Andrea, and divorced in 1969. Frank first exhibited her artwork at Poindexter Gallery in 1958 and traveled with Red Grooms across Italy in the 1960s, which had a significant impact on her artistic development. Her work is also influenced by her daughter's untimely death in 1974 and her son's illness that began in 1975 and ended in his death in 1994.

Mostly self-taught, Frank works across multiple disciplines including sculpture, painting, ceramics, and drawing. Reflected in her work are themes of grief, loss, love and sorrow. He career has spanned over five decades where she has exhibited works at numerous galleries and museums around the country. She has been the recipient of many awards and honors, including two Guggenheim Foundation Fellowships, and taught classes at Bard College. Mary Frank's works are included in the permanent collections at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, Brooklyn Museum, National Museum of American Art, The Art Institute of Chicago, and many others. She has also been a longtime advocate of solar cooking.
Related Materials:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Mary Frank conducted by Judith Olch Richards on January 10, 11, and February 3, 2010.
Provenance:
Donated in 2014 and 2019 by Mary Frank.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Ceramicists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Women artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Citation:
Mary Frank Papers, 1884-2017. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.franmary
See more items in:
Mary Frank papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-franmary

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Kiesler, Lillian, 1910?-2001  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1911-2001, undated
Scope and Contents note:
Correspondence to Lillian Kiesler is extensive and includes letters from museums, galleries, collectors, artists, directors, writers, actors, musicians, family and friends. Business correspondence contains information about sales and gifts of artwork, Lillian Kiesler's support of performances and institutions, invitations, and character references. Among the correspondents are Harold Diamond, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Whitney Museum of American Art, The University of Iowa Museum of Art, and Erick Hawkins Dance Foundation.

Among Lillian Kiesler's personal correspondence are letters and greeting cards from friends, family, artists, and researchers and scholars, including Etel Adnan, Alcopley, Fritz Bultman, Steve Buscemi, Mike Diamond, Burgoyne Diller, Lucia Dlugoszewski, Piero Dorazio, Jean Dubuffet, Jay Gottlieb, Erick Hawkins, Burgess Meredith, Henry Miller, James Purdy, and Herrel Thomas. Some correspondence contains original artwork, photographs, and audio cassettes created by the sender. Of interest is a letter from Harry Holtzman postmarked March 13, 1935 describing his initial meeting with Mondrian, and an undated letter from E.B. Gordon describing Henry Miller in Paris.

Where there are envelopes, the letter is filed in front of the envelope. Business correspondence is arranged chronologically first, followed by personal correspondence arranged alphabetically by last name and miscellaneous correspondence filed chronologically by decade.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Lillian and Frederick Kiesler papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Lillian and Frederick Kiesler papers, circa 1910s-2003, bulk 1958-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kieslill, Subseries 1.2
See more items in:
Lillian and Frederick Kiesler papers
Lillian and Frederick Kiesler papers / Series 1: Lillian Kiesler papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kieslill-ref40

Indra Nooyi

Artist:
Jon R. Friedman, born 1947  Search this
Sitter:
Indra Nooyi, born 28 Oct 1955  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Stretcher: 127 × 110.6 × 5 cm (50 × 43 9/16 × 1 15/16")
Type:
Painting
Date:
2019
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry  Search this
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat  Search this
Printed Material\Document  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Indra Nooyi: Female  Search this
Indra Nooyi: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Acquired through the generosity of Blair and Cheryl Effron; the Jane and Alan Batkin Foundation; the Yale School of Management; the Koch Ellis Fund; the Robert and Carol Wolf Foundation; and PepsiCo Inc.
Object number:
NPG.2019.4
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
Recent Acquisitions 2019
On View:
NPG, North Gallery 140
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2019.4

Homage to Ensor Shrine

Artist:
Randall Diehl, born 1946  Search this
Sitter:
James Ensor  Search this
Gregory Gillespie, 1936 - 2000  Search this
Harmensz Van Rijn Rembrandt, 1606 - 1669  Search this
Frida Kahlo, 6 Jul 1907 - 13 Jul 1954  Search this
Medium:
Oil on board
Dimensions:
152.4 × 121.9cm (60 × 48")
Type:
Painting
Date:
late 20th-early 21st Century
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Artwork\Painting  Search this
Container\Vase  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Artist's Effects\Palette  Search this
Artist's Effects\Paintbrush  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Bird  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Mask  Search this
Nature & Environment\Fruit\Lemon  Search this
Self-portrait  Search this
Nature & Environment\Fruit\Orange  Search this
Artist's Effects\Frame  Search this
Equipment\Mannequin  Search this
Nature & Environment\Vegetable\Pumpkin  Search this
Nature & Environment\Shell  Search this
Frida Kahlo: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Frida Kahlo: Female  Search this
Gregory Gillespie: Male  Search this
Gregory Gillespie: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
James Ensor: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Private collection
Object number:
MA990256
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_MA990256

Hisaye Yamamoto

Artist:
Marilyn Sanders  Search this
Sitter:
Hisaye Yamamoto, 23 Aug 1921 - 30 Jan 2011  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 23.5 × 22.5 cm (9 1/4 × 8 7/8")
Sheet: 35.3 × 27.9 cm (13 7/8 × 11")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\California\Los Angeles\Los Angeles
Date:
1992
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Architecture\Window  Search this
Indeterminable  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag  Search this
Artist's Effects\Frame  Search this
Hisaye Yamamoto: Female  Search this
Hisaye Yamamoto: Literature\Writer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; acquisition made possible through Federal support from the Asian Pacific American Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center
Object number:
NPG.2016.127
Restrictions & Rights:
© Marilyn Sanders
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2016.127

Sal Castro

Artist:
George Rodríguez, born 11 Aug 1937  Search this
Sitter:
Sal Castro, 1933 - 2013  Search this
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 29.3 × 19.5cm (11 9/16 × 7 11/16")
Sheet: 34.6 × 27.1cm (13 5/8 × 10 11/16")
Mat: 55.9 × 40.6cm (22 × 16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\California\Los Angeles\East Los Angeles
Date:
1974
Topic:
Interior\Classroom  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Watch  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Symbols & Motifs\Flag  Search this
Artwork\Poster  Search this
Sal Castro: Male  Search this
Sal Castro: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Sal Castro: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; acquisition made possible through the Smithsonian Latino Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Latino Center
Object number:
NPG.2015.58
Restrictions & Rights:
©1992 George Rodríguez
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2015.58

Dancing Lesson

Artist:
Raphael Soyer, 25 Dec 1899 - 4 Nov 1987  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Girl  Search this
Rebecca Soyer, 25 Dec 1905 - 24 Jun 2006  Search this
Moses Soyer, 25 Dec 1899 - 1974  Search this
Isaac Soyer, 20 Apr 1907 - 1981  Search this
Abraham Soyer, 19th - 20th Century  Search this
Bella Soyer, 1876 - ?  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
61 × 50.8cm (24 × 20")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1926
Topic:
Nature & Environment\Plant  Search this
Printed Material\Newspaper  Search this
Costume\Footwear\Shoes  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Interior\Domestic  Search this
Music\Musical instrument\Harmonica  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Carpet  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Sofa  Search this
Unidentified Girl: Female  Search this
Isaac Soyer: Male  Search this
Isaac Soyer: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Abraham Soyer: Male  Search this
Abraham Soyer: Literature\Writer  Search this
Abraham Soyer: Education\Educator\Professor  Search this
Abraham Soyer: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Moses Soyer: Male  Search this
Moses Soyer: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter  Search this
Moses Soyer: Visual Arts\Artist\Painter\Portraitist  Search this
Bella Soyer: Female  Search this
Rebecca Soyer: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: The Jewish Museum
Website: www.thejewishmuseum.org/
Object number:
2008-225 JM
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_2008-225_JM

Quentin

Artist:
Sal Monetti, born 1952  Search this
Sitter:
Quentin Crisp, 1908 - 1999  Search this
Medium:
Oil and acrylic on canvas
Dimensions:
111.8 x 81.3cm (44 x 32")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1996
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Glove\Gloves  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drinking vessel\Mug  Search this
Quentin Crisp: Male  Search this
Quentin Crisp: Literature\Writer  Search this
Quentin Crisp: Performing Arts\Performer\Raconteur  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Sal Monetti
Object number:
NY990287
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NY990287

Herman Vogel

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Herman Vogel, 1834 - 1898  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 13.7 x 10.1 cm (5 3/8 x 4")
Mount: 24.7 x 16.5 cm (9 3/4 x 6 1/2")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1872
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Equipment\Camera  Search this
Home Furnishings\Curtain  Search this
Herman Vogel: Male  Search this
Herman Vogel: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Larry J. West
Object number:
S/NPG.2007.122
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_S_NPG.2007.122

Frederick Langenheim Looking at Talbotypes

Artist:
William Langenheim, 1807 - 1874  Search this
Former attribution:
Frederick Langenheim, 1809 - 1879  Search this
Sitter:
Frederick Langenheim, 1809 - 1879  Search this
Medium:
Daguereotype
Dimensions:
Image: 12.1 x 8.9cm (4 3/4 x 3 1/2"); Case Closed: 15.2 x 11.9 x 1.6cm (6 x 4 11/16 x 5/8")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
1849-1851
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Frederick Langenheim: Male  Search this
Frederick Langenheim: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
Frederick Langenheim: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer\Daguerreotypist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Website: https://www.metmuseum.org/
Object number:
2005.100.177 MMA
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_2005.100.177_MMA

Frederick Langenheim

Artist:
William Langenheim, 1807 - 1874  Search this
Former attribution:
Frederick Langenheim, 1809 - 1879  Search this
Sitter:
Frederick Langenheim, 1809 - 1879  Search this
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
Image: 11.7 x 8.6 cm (4 5/8 x 3 3/8 in.)
Case: 1.4 x 11.9 x 15.2 cm (9/16 x 4 11/16 x 6 in.)
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1849-1850
Topic:
Self-portrait  Search this
Artwork\Photograph\Daguerreotype  Search this
Frederick Langenheim: Male  Search this
Frederick Langenheim: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer  Search this
Frederick Langenheim: Visual Arts\Artist\Photographer\Daguerreotypist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Website: https://www.metmuseum.org/
Object number:
2005.100.216 MMA
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_2005.100.216_MMA

The Artist's Parents

Title:
Abraham and Bella Soyer
Mr. & Mrs. Henri Pene du Bois
Artist:
Raphael Soyer, 25 Dec 1899 - 4 Nov 1987  Search this
Former attribution:
Guy Pène Du Bois, 4 Jan 1884 - 1958  Search this
Sitter:
Abraham Soyer, 19th - 20th Century  Search this
Bella Soyer, 1876 - ?  Search this
Formerly alleged:
Mr. & Mrs. Henri Pène du Bois  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
28 x 30in. (71.1 x 76.2cm)
33 x 35 x 3 1/8 in. (83.8 x 88.9 x 7.9 cm) (Frame)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1932
Topic:
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Interior\Domestic  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Sideboard  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Abraham Soyer: Male  Search this
Abraham Soyer: Literature\Writer  Search this
Abraham Soyer: Education\Educator\Professor  Search this
Abraham Soyer: Education\Educator\Teacher  Search this
Mr. & Mrs. Henri Pène du Bois: Literature\Writer  Search this
Mr. & Mrs. Henri Pène du Bois: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Art  Search this
Mr. & Mrs. Henri Pène du Bois: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Music  Search this
Bella Soyer: Female  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Website: https://www.metmuseum.org/
Object number:
1979.550 MMA
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1979.550_MMA

Art Blakey

Artist:
Abe Frajndlich, born 1946  Search this
Sitter:
Art Blakey, 11 Oct 1919 - 16 Oct 1990  Search this
Medium:
Chromogenic print
Dimensions:
Image: 38.2 x 38 cm (15 1/16 x 14 15/16")
Sheet: 50.8 x 40.5 cm (20 x 15 15/16")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United States\New York\Kings\New York
Date:
1986 (printed 2000)
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drinking vessel\Glass  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Cigarette  Search this
Equipment\Smoking Implements\Ashtray  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses\Sunglasses  Search this
Art Blakey: Male  Search this
Art Blakey: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Pianist  Search this
Art Blakey: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Jazz  Search this
Art Blakey: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Bandmaster  Search this
Art Blakey: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Drummer  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Paulette and Kurt Olden in memory of Lily E. Kay
Object number:
NPG.2000.75
Restrictions & Rights:
© 2000, Abe Frajndlich
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2000.75

Dr. John Hope Franklin

Artist:
Simmie Knox, born 1935  Search this
Sitter:
John Hope Franklin, 2 Jan 1915 - 25 Mar 2009  Search this
Medium:
Oil on linen
Dimensions:
91.4 x 81.3 cm (36 x 32" )
Type:
Painting
Date:
1996
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Artwork\Photograph  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Potted  Search this
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Orchid  Search this
John Hope Franklin: Male  Search this
John Hope Franklin: Literature\Writer  Search this
John Hope Franklin: Education\Educator\Professor  Search this
John Hope Franklin: Politics and Government\Government Official\Presidential Advisor  Search this
John Hope Franklin: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
John Hope Franklin: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Activist\Civil rights activist  Search this
John Hope Franklin: Literature\Editor  Search this
John Hope Franklin: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President  Search this
John Hope Franklin: Education\Educator\Professor\History  Search this
John Hope Franklin: Presidential Medal of Freedom  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Duke University
Website: www.duke.edu/
Object number:
NC040001
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NC040001

Modify Your Search






or


Narrow By