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Fine Arts Appraisers - Fixner

Collection Creator:
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1964-1991
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Aaron Bohrod papers, 1507-1994, bulk circa 1930-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Aaron Bohrod papers
Aaron Bohrod papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-bohraaro-ref107

Bag

Culture/People:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Collector:
Colonel Wainwright, Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
William W. Seaman, Non-Indian  Search this
Carrie F. Seaman (Mrs. William W. Seaman), Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
William W. Seaman, Non-Indian  Search this
Carrie F. Seaman (Mrs. William W. Seaman), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Bag
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, porcupine quills, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Quilled (lane stitched), quill-wrapped (flat), lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Montana; USA
Catalog Number:
20/5899
Barcode:
205899.000
See related items:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_219998
Additional Online Media:

Necklace with pendant

Culture/People:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Collector:
Colonel Wainwright, Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
William W. Seaman, Non-Indian  Search this
Carrie F. Seaman (Mrs. William W. Seaman), Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
William W. Seaman, Non-Indian  Search this
Carrie F. Seaman (Mrs. William W. Seaman), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Necklace with pendant
Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads, dentalium shell/shells, abalone/haliotis shell
Techniques:
Strung
Object Type:
Adornment/Jewelry
Native Term:
áapii
Place:
Montana; USA
Catalog Number:
20/5900
Barcode:
205900.000
See related items:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)
Adornment/Jewelry
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_219632
Additional Online Media:

Pipe bowl and pipestem

Culture/People:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Collector:
Colonel Wainwright, Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
William W. Seaman, Non-Indian  Search this
Carrie F. Seaman (Mrs. William W. Seaman), Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
William W. Seaman, Non-Indian  Search this
Carrie F. Seaman (Mrs. William W. Seaman), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl and pipestem
Media/Materials:
Wood
Techniques:
Carved
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Montana; USA
Catalog Number:
20/5901
Barcode:
205901.000
See related items:
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_219633
Additional Online Media:

Tibor de Nagy Gallery records

Creator:
Tibor de Nagy Gallery  Search this
Names:
Art Dealers Association of America  Search this
Art in America  Search this
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Institute of Arts and Letters (U.S.)  Search this
United States Information Agency  Search this
Castoro, Rosemarie  Search this
Ciarrocchi, Ray, 1933-  Search this
De Nagy, Tibor, 1908-1993  Search this
Goodnough, Robert, 1917-  Search this
Gregor, Harold, 1929-  Search this
Grooms, Red  Search this
Hirsch, Pauli  Search this
Kozloff, Joyce  Search this
Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy, 1929-1994  Search this
Penney, Charles Rand, 1923-2010  Search this
Reginato, Peter, 1945-  Search this
Robbin, Tony  Search this
Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979  Search this
Rose, Leatrice  Search this
Witteman-Widrig, Nancy  Search this
Extent:
43.9 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1941-2016
Summary:
The records of the New York Tibor de Nagy Gallery measure 43.9 linear feet and date from 1941-2016. The records document the activities of the gallery through business records and correspondence, exhibition files, artist files, financial and legal records, inventory records, and a small amount of records of the Houston Branch.
Scope and Contents:
The records of the New York Tibor de Nagy Gallery measure 43.9 linear feet and date from 1941-2016. The records document the activities of the gallery through business records and correspondence, exhibition files, artist files, financial and legal records, inventory records, a small amount of records of the Houston Branch, and exhibition announcements.

Business records include correspondence and administrative files. Business correspondence is with clients, curators, galleries, museums, colleges and universities, organizations, and publications, such as the Museum of Modern Art, Art Dealers Association, National Institute of Arts and Letters, United States Information Agency, The Hirshhorn Museum, Art News, Art in America, Pauli Hirsch, Jacqueline Kennedy, Charles Penney, Nelson Rockefeller, and many others. Correspondence concerns sales, purchases, shipping, loans, general exhibitions, publicity, events, publications and publishing, and other topics. Additional documents found within the correspondence files are purchase invoices, inquiries, shipping receipts, and photographs. Correspondence with artists is found in the Artist Files series. Administrative files concern day-to-day operations and include leases and construction documents, incorporation, insurance, art appraisals, art framing, and other general business affairs.

Exhibition files document many exhibitions held at the Gallery and include clippings and research materials, exhibition catalogs, exhibit and gallery plans, correspondence, and photographs. Some loan agreements and shipping receipts are also included.

Artist files document business affairs with individual artists and also contain collected information on artists. Typically, there are several files on each artist which may include printed materials, biographies, consignments, loans documentation, sales documentation, correspondence, photographic material, publicity, and reviews. Artists well represented among these files include Rosemarie Castoro, Ray Ciarrocchi, Robert Goodnough, Harold Gregor, Red Grooms (including a transcript of "A Conversation with Marison and Red Grooms"), Joyce Kozloff, Peter Reginato, Tony Robbin, Leatrice Rose, and Nancy Witteman-Widrig.

Financial records include incomplete runs of billing statements, expenses and cash disbursements, paid and unpaid invoices, and sales and shipping receipts. Inventory records consist primarily of index cards and/or sheets that document stock, consignments, loans, sales, and shipping.

A relatively small amount of Houston branch records include announcements, clippings, correspondence, financial information including consignments, income, invoices, and statements, photographs, publicity materials and a research file on Houston art museums.

Exhibition announcements promote the gallery's exhibitions for artists including Joe Brainard, Shirley Jaffe, Fairfield Porter, Rosemarie Castoro, Alfred Leslie, and many others.
Arrangement:
The Tibor de Nagy Gallery records are arranged into seven series.

Series 1: Business Records and Correpondence, 1950-1993 (10 linear feet; Boxes 1-10)

Series 2: Exhibition Files, 1941-1992 (2 linear feet; Boxes 11-12)

Series 3: Artist Files, 1956-1993 (18.6 linear feet; Boxes 13-31, 46)

Series 4: Financial and Legal Records, 1951-1984 (3.5 linear feet; Boxes 31-34)

Series 5: Inventory Records, 1952-1989 (9 linear feet; Boxes 34-43)

Series 6: Houston Branch Records, 1969-1984 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 43-45)

Series 7: Exhibition Announcements, 1953-2016 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 47-48)
Biographical / Historical:
One of the earliest modern art galleries in New York, Tibor de Nagy Gallery was founded in 1950 by Tibor de Nagy and John Bernard Myers. Initially the gallery featured the work of second generation Abstract Expressionists and continues to operate today with a focus on the Post War second generation New York School.

John B. Myers served as the gallery's first director and De Nagy was the business manager while continuing to work in the banking business. Early on, the gallery introduced and promoted second generation Abstract Expressionists such as Grace Hartigan and Alfred Leslie. The gallery quickly earned a reputation for promoting the work of emerging artists, including Carl Andre, Helen Frankenthaler, Jane Freilicher, Red Grooms, Fairfield Porter, and Larry Rivers, among others, giving many of them their first solo shows.

Later the gallery gained a reputation as a space for collaborative artistic ventures and organized exhibitions that combined visual imagery and poetry by several New York School poets. The gallery also published books by poets John Ashbery, Frank O'Hara, and James Schuyler, as well as a poetry newsletter entitled Semi-Colon.

In 1973 de Nagy teamed with Marvin Watson to open the Watson/deNagy Gallery in Houston, which closed in 1983. Tibor de Nagy retired from banking in 1970 and continued running the gallery until he died in 1993. The Tibor de Nagy gallery continues operating today at 724 Fifth Avenue under the direction of Andrew Arnot and Eric Brown. It also works with a number of estates, including those of Joe Brainard, Rudy Burckhardt, Donald Evans, and Jess.
Related Materials:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are an oral history interview with Tibor de Nagy, March 29, 1976 conducted by Paul Cummings; the John Bernard Myers papers (which do not contain documentation of his work at the gallery); and the Watson/de Nagy Houston gallery records available only on microfilm, a small portion of which may also be duplicated in the original records described in this finding aid.
Provenance:
The records were donated by Tibor de Nagy Gallery in multiple accessions between 1993-1996 and in 2018.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. research facility.
Rights:
The Tibor de Nagy Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art, Modern  Search this
Gallery owners  Search this
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- Texas -- Houston  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Tibor de Nagy Gallery records, 1941-1993. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.tibode
See more items in:
Tibor de Nagy Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tibode
Additional Online Media:

Untitled T-028

Artist:
Akiyama Yo 秋山 陽 (born 1953)  Search this
Medium:
Stoneware
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 28 × 53 × 33 cm (11 × 20 7/8 × 13 in)
Type:
Ceramic
Vessel
Origin:
Kyoto, Japan
Date:
2002
Period:
Heisei era
Topic:
Heisei era (1989 - 2019)  Search this
Japan  Search this
stoneware  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Halsey and Alice North
Accession Number:
S2017.16
Restrictions & Rights:
Undetermined copyright
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2017.16
Additional Online Media:

Bowl (wan)

Artist:
Kitamura Junko (Japan, born 1956)  Search this
Medium:
Black stoneware with white slip inlay
Dimensions:
H x Diam: 9.5 × 12.3 cm (3 3/4 × 4 13/16 in)
Type:
Ceramic
Vessel
Origin:
Kyoto, Japan
Date:
1995
Period:
Heisei era
Topic:
Heisei era (1989 - 2019)  Search this
Japan  Search this
stoneware  Search this
Japanese Art  Search this
Contemporary Art  Search this
black slip  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Halsey and Alice North
Accession Number:
S2017.22
Restrictions & Rights:
Undetermined copyright
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2017.22
Additional Online Media:

Stewart Klonis papers, 1886-1982

Creator:
Klonis, Stewart, 1901-1989  Search this
Subject:
Bosa, Louis  Search this
Hirsch, Joseph  Search this
De Creeft, José  Search this
Zorach, William  Search this
DuMond, Frank Vincent  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
Hale, Robert Beverly  Search this
Klonis, Bernard  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Boss, Homer  Search this
Miller, Kenneth Hayes  Search this
Gonzalez, Xavier  Search this
Grosz, George  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Works of art
Exhibition catalogs
Drawings
Topic:
Educators  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5674
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208508
AAA_collcode_klonstew
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208508

Victor D. Spark papers, circa 1830-1983, bulk 1930-1970

Creator:
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David), 1898-1991  Search this
Subject:
Moran, Thomas  Search this
Engelhard, Charles W.  Search this
Peale, Rembrandt  Search this
Medina, Leon  Search this
Hardy, Charlotte  Search this
Clonney, James Goodwyn  Search this
Sully, Thomas  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil  Search this
Berliner, Jacob  Search this
Copley, John Singleton  Search this
Shinn, Everett  Search this
Lehman, Robert  Search this
Grigaut, Hubert L.  Search this
Hardy, Jeremiah Pearson  Search this
Heade, Martin Johnson  Search this
Frankenstein, Alfred Victor  Search this
Moran, Ruth B.  Search this
San Diego Arts Society  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Artists' studios  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art appraisers  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7451
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209609
AAA_collcode_sparvict
Theme:
The Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209609
Additional Online Media:

Benjamin K. Smith papers relating to O'Brien Galleries, 1912-1941

Creator:
Smith, Benjamin K., 1872-1973  Search this
Subject:
O'Brien, William Vincent  Search this
Heller, Helen West  Search this
Nickerson, Samuel Mayo  Search this
O'Brien, William Vincent  Search this
O'Brien, Martin  Search this
O'Brien Galleries (Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
House of O'Brien  Search this
M. O'Brien & Son  Search this
O'Brien Art Galleries  Search this
O'Brien's Art Emporium  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Photograph albums
Photographs
Exhibition catalogs
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9538
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211737
AAA_collcode_smitbenj
Theme:
The Art Market
Chicago's Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211737

Carl E. Pickhardt papers, 1929-1998

Creator:
Pickhardt, Carl E., 1908-2004  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Slides (photographs)
Sound recordings
Travel diaries
Photographs
Works of art
Prints
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Art, Abstract  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7033
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209166
AAA_collcode_pickcarl
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209166

O'Toole-Ewald Art Associates, Inc. records, circa 1970-2007

Creator:
O'Toole-Ewald Art Associates (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Type:
Works of art
Photographs
Topic:
Valuation  Search this
Art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10998
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214882
AAA_collcode_otooarta
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_214882

Augustus F. de Forest papers, 1852-1946

Creator:
De Forest, Augustus F.  Search this
Subject:
Church, Frederick S. (Frederick Stuart)  Search this
Hart, Charles Henry  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7427
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209585
AAA_collcode_defoaugu
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209585

Carlen Galleries, Inc. records, 1775-1997, bulk 1940-1986

Creator:
Carlen Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Davies, Albert Webster  Search this
Gainsborough, Lee  Search this
Pippin, Horace  Search this
Hicks, Edward  Search this
Kollwitz, Käthe  Search this
Peale fam, Peale family  Search this
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil  Search this
Feuillate, Raymond  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Art appraisers  Search this
Art  Search this
Painters  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Folk art  Search this
Art, American  Search this
African American artists  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9611
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211818
AAA_collcode_carlgall
Theme:
African American
The Art Market
Lives of American Artists
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211818
Additional Online Media:

Castano Galleries records, 1907-1983

Creator:
Castano Galleries (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Subject:
Hale, Lilian Westcott  Search this
Venturi, Lionello  Search this
Beam, Philip C. (Philip Conway)  Search this
Denghausen, Franz H.  Search this
Rathbone, Perry Townsend  Search this
Hofer, Philip  Search this
Castano, Giovanni  Search this
Danes, Gibson A.  Search this
Richardson, Edgar Preston  Search this
Goodrich, Lloyd  Search this
Chrysler, Walter P. (Walter Percy)  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph)  Search this
Grandin, Isabella  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Gallery records
Sketches
Topic:
Restorers  Search this
Gallery owners  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial  Search this
Art appraisers  Search this
Art  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Painters  Search this
Set decorators  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10415
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213802
AAA_collcode_castgall
Theme:
The Art Market
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_213802

James Byrnes papers, [ca.1940 -2000], (bulk 1960-1990)

Creator:
Byrnes, James B., 1917-  Search this
Subject:
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold  Search this
Ray, Man  Search this
Isaac Delgado Museum of Art  Search this
North Carolina Museum of Art  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Museum directors  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)11105
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)246117
AAA_collcode_byrnjame
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_246117

Frank Perls papers and Frank Perls Gallery records

Creator:
Perls, Frank  Search this
Names:
Curt Valentin Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
M. Knoedler and Co.  Search this
Amato, Sam, 1924-  Search this
Brice, William, 1921-  Search this
Chuey, Robert  Search this
Lebrun, Rico, 1900-1964  Search this
Lipchitz, Jacques, 1891-1973  Search this
Matisse, Henri, 1869-1954  Search this
McGarrell, James, 1930-  Search this
Peake, Channing, 1910-  Search this
Perls, Klaus  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Ray, Man, 1890-1976  Search this
Strombotne, James  Search this
Warsaw, Howard  Search this
Extent:
23.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Short stories
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Sales records
Gallery records
Date:
circa 1920-1983
bulk 1949-1975
Summary:
The Frank Perls papers and Frank Perls Gallery records measure 23.8 linear feet and date from 1920-1983, with the bulk dating from 1949-1975. Personal papers include writings, military records, appointment calendars, and photographs. Gallery records date from its opening in 1939 until its closure in 1981 and consist of financial, sales, and legal records; exhibition files; exhibition catalogs and announcements; subject files that contain a variety of correspondence with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and friends and family, as well as reference materials and photographs; and scrapbooks.
Scope and Content Note:
The Frank Perls papers and Frank Perls Gallery records measure 23.8 linear feet and date from 1920-1983, with the bulk dating from 1949-1975. Personal papers include writings, military records, appointment calendars, and photographs. Gallery records date from its opening in 1939 until its closure in 1981 and consist of financial, sales, and legal records; exhibition files; exhibition catalogs and announcements; subject files that contain a variety of correspondence with artists, dealers, galleries, museums, and friends and family, as well as reference materials and photographs; and scrapbooks.

Personal papers contain biographical materials, including military records from Perls' service in the army during World War II, personal photographs, documentation on his estate settlement, and numerous short stories. Of particular interest are Perl's stories about his interactions with Pablo Picasso and his work to uncover fraud, fakes, and corruption in the art world. There are also many photographs of Picasso, photographs of family, the war, and Perls, including two original photographs of Perls by Man Ray.

Gallery sales, purchases, consignments, insurance appraisals, loans, provenance research, and general business expenses are well documented in the General Business and Financial Records. Perls jointly owned artwork with several galleries in New York, including the Curt Valentine Gallery and M. Knoedler Gallery, and these consignment and joint sales are documented in the invoices. A complete accounting of the Gallery's income and expense reports from 1950-1971 is also be found in this series. Artists extensively documented through financial transactions are William Brice, James Strombotne, and Howard Warsaw.

Extensive exhibition files document the gallery's exhibitions and Perl's curatorial work. Files contain varied documentation, such as photographs, catalogs, announcements, and publicity for Frank Perls Gallery shows from 1939 through 1971. Artists represented in this series include Sam Amato, Robert Chuey, Jaques Lipchitz, Pablo Picasso, James McGarrell, and James Strombotne. Files are also found for the two major retrospective exhibitions Perls organized and curated, Matisse Retrospective at University of California, Los Angeles and Sixty Years of Picasso Prints at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, both in 1966. Additional information about these exhibitions is also found in the Subject Files.

Subject Files are extensive and varied in name, content, and topic. They consist mostly of correspondence with friends, family, colleagues, artists, critics, galleries and dealers, clients, arts organizations and associations, publications, and others. There are also reference files and exhibition files for exhibitions held at other galleries and museums in which Perls was interested, guest curated, or loaned artwork. The contents of each file unit varies, but many include correspondence, photographs, appraisal records, sales records, invoices, reports, and membership records. The files highlight his close personal relationship with many artists, including William Brice, Rico Lebrun, James McGarrell, Channing Peake, Pablo Picasso, and James Strombotne. Subject Files also contain abundant correspondence with colleagues and family members, including his brother Klaus, who owned and operated the Perls Gallery in New York. Many of the files concern Perl's work with art documentation and authentication. Subject Files have been arranged according to Frank Perls original order.

Finally, scrapbooks contain newspaper articles, catalogs, and announcements about exhibitions at the Perls Gallery in New York during the late 1930s and the Frank Perls Gallery in Los Angeles during the 1950s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 5 series:

Series 1: Frank Perls papers, circa 1920-1981 (Box 1-2, 28; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 2: General Financial and Business Records, 1949-1975 (Box 2-4, 23-27; 3.4 linear feet)

Series 3: Exhibition Files, 1937-1975 (Box 5-6; 1.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Subject Files, circa 1939-1983 (Box 6-22; 16.5 linear feet)

Series 5. Scrapbooks, 1937-1957 (Box 28; 0.3 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Frank Perls (1910-1975) was founder and sole owner of the Frank Perls Gallery in Beverly Hills, California.

Frank Perls was born in Germany on October 23, 1910. His parents, Hugo and Kaethe Perls, owned one of the leading art galleries in Berlin, and sold the work of many well-known artists. Artists works included in the gallery inventory were pieces by Edvard Munch, Pablo Picasso, Claude Monet, Vincent van Gogh, and Paul Cézanne, among others. His parents enjoyed a close friendship with Picasso, a relationship Perls maintained until Picasso's death in 1973. After his parents divorce in 1931, his mother left Germany and eventually opened the Galerie Kaethe in Paris.Frank Perls studied art history at the Universities of Munich, Berlin, and Frankfurt and joined his mother at the Galerie Kaethe in 1932.

Frank Perls immigrated to the United States in 1937 and partnered with his brother, Klaus Perls, to open the Perls Galleries in New York. Two years later he moved to California and opened the Frank Perls Gallery on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood. During those first years, the Gallery hosted exhibitions by Man Ray, Eugene Berman, and John Decker.

Perls closed his gallery in 1942 when he enlisted in the United States Army. Because he was fluent in both French and German, Perls served as an interpreter at the Military Intelligence Service, European Theater of Operations. He landed in Normandy with the 30th Infantry Division and was awarded the Bronze Star in 1944. In 1945, Perls was assigned to the Arts and Monuments Section of Allied Military Government in Germany. He was honorably discharged in September, 1945.

After the war, Perls returned to Los Angeles and managed the recently opened Associated American Artists Gallery in Beverly Hills. The gallery was organized in 1934 and marketed art to the middle classes with the opportunity to purchase prints at affordable prices. Perls made significant contacts during his tenure at the gallery and eventually opened his own Beverly Hills gallery in 1950.

The Frank Perls Gallery on Camden Drive was closely associated with the Pierre Matisse Gallery and the Curt Valentin Gallery in New York, both major sources of exhibition materials for the early years. Perls introduced southern California to artists he believed represented the best modern art of America and Europe - Henri Matisse, Georges Braque, Alexander Calder, Pablo Picasso, Ben Shahn, Georgia O'Keeffe, Marc Chagall, Paul Klee, and Jean Dubuffet. Between 1950 to 1954, Frank Perls Gallery organized the first West coast exhibitions of Joan Miro, Marino Marini, and Alberto Giacometti. Perls also gave exhibitions to newly emerging artists of Southern California artists, including William Brice, Robert Chuey, Rico Lebrun, James McGarrell, Channing Peake, and Howard Warsaw.

Perls moved his gallery to Wilshire Boulevard in 1965 and stopped representing California artists at that time to focus primarily on major exhibitions of Henri Matisse and Picasso. In 1966, he helped organize an extensive traveling Henri Matisse exhibition at UCLA called Matisse Retrospective. Perls worked with Matisse's children, Pierre, Jean, and Marguerite Duthuit, to identify 345 prints and sculptures and attach family inventory numbers to them.

Frank Perls also organized several large Picasso exhibitions, including the Bonne Fete Monsieur Picasso exhibit at UCLA in 1961 and the 45 Selected Picasso Graphics exhibition at Frank Perls Gallery in 1971. For his work in preparing these major exhibitions in California of Matisse and Picasso, Perls was made a life fellow of the Los Angeles County Museum.

Perls was a member of the Art Dealers of America, serving for several years on the Board of Directors and as director. He was also dedicated to exposing art fakes and forgeries, earning a reputation for discovering, exposing, and pursuing disreputable art appraisers and dealers. Perls wrote extensively about modern art and artists, as well as his experiences in short stories that often appeared in print.

Frank Perls died on February 8, 1975 from complications following open-heart surgery. The Gallery remained open until 1981 while his executor and family distributed the gallery inventory.
Provenance:
The Frank Perls papers and Frank Perls Gallery records were donated by Joan Hazlitt, one of the executors of the Perls' estate, from 1976-1988.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Frank Perls papers and Frank Perls Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- California -- Beverly Hills  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Curators -- California  Search this
Art -- Forgeries  Search this
Art galleries, Commercial -- California -- Beverly Hills  Search this
Genre/Form:
Short stories
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Sales records
Gallery records
Citation:
Frank Perls papers and Frank Perls Gallery records, circa 1920-1983, bulk 1949-1975. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.perlfran
See more items in:
Frank Perls papers and Frank Perls Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-perlfran
Additional Online Media:

Art Appraisals

Collection Creator:
Charlton, Maryette  Search this
Container:
Box 34, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Maryette Charlton papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Maryette Charlton papers, circa 1890-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Maryette Charlton papers
Maryette Charlton papers / Series 6: Professional and Project Files / 6.1: University of Iowa Museum of Art / Maryette Charlton Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-charmary-ref1551

Appraisals

Collection Creator:
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1961-1998
2000
Scope and Contents note:
Correspondence regarding appraisals usually comes from individuals and organizations requesting André Emmerich's appraisal of artwork. The requests are occasionally accompanied by images of the artwork in question. Appraisals dating from the 1960s usually refer to Pre-Columbian art and contain more descriptive detail than appraisals for 20th century art. Appraisals dating from the 1990s frequently contain standardized language. The requester is usually the artowrk's current owner, but Emmerich was also sometimes contacted by museums considering an acquisition or by insurance adjustors after a theft.

The correspondence is arranged chronologically.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Access of diaries required written permission.
Collection Rights:
The André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers, circa 1929-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.andremmg, Subseries 1.2
See more items in:
André Emmerich Gallery records
André Emmerich Gallery records / Series 1: General Correspondence Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-andremmg-ref906

Fillin, Amy, and Walter Fillin

Collection Creator:
Kraushaar Galleries  Search this
Container:
Box 49, Folder 33
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1963
Scope and Contents note:
(art appraisals)
Collection Restrictions:
Use of originals requires an appointment. A fragile original scrapbook is closed to researchers.
Collection Rights:
The Kraushaar Galleries records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. The collection is subject to all copyright laws. Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce from the records requires written permission from: Katherine Kaplan, Kraushaar Galleries, 724 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10019.
Collection Citation:
Kraushaar Galleries records, 1877-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Kraushaar Galleries records
Kraushaar Galleries records / Series 3: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kraugall-ref3574

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