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African American History

Created by:
Joe Schwartz, American, 1913 - 2013
Subject of:
Hugh Mulzac, American, 1886 - 1971
Unidentified Man or Men
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 x 14 in. (27.9 x 35.6 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
New York City, New York, United States
Date:
1948
Topic:
African American
Military
Photography
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Joe Schwartz and Family
Object number:
2010.74.143
Rights:
© Joe Schwartz
Caption:
African American History - In honor of the first Black Naval Captain, Hugh Mulzac, New York City, 1948
Joe Schwartz, Folk Photography: Poems I've Never Written (2000), 192.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
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[Drawing of elderly African American man]

Medium:
paper
National Origin:
African Americans
Type:
Drawing
Accession Number:
2003.0004.0001
See more items in:
Anacostia Community Museum Collection
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum
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[Drawing of elderly African American woman]

Medium:
paper
National Origin:
African Americans
Type:
Drawing
Accession Number:
2003.0004.0002
See more items in:
Anacostia Community Museum Collection
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum
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African-American Woman

Physical Description:
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 4 3/4 in x 3 1/2 in; 12.065 cm x 8.89 cm
Object Name:
tintype
Subject:
Photography
Tintype Collection
Photo History Collection
ID Number:
PG*75.23.5
Accession number:
317965
Catalog number:
75.23.5
Description (Brief):
Tintype full-length portrait of an African-American woman standing by a studio rock prop mounted in an album page.
Description:
The NMAH Photo History Collection (PHC) has over 3000 tintype photographs dating from the beginnings of the process in 1856 to the present. ‘Tintype’ was coined and became the favored name.
Tintypes in the PHC are found in albums, the Kaynor Union Case collection and as individual photographs. The original tintype process patent was assigned to William and Peter Neff in 1856. William Neff died a short time later, but his son Peter, who named the process Melainotype, continued on with his work. The earliest tintypes in the PHC are a group of more than thirty Peter Neff Melainotypes, some of which date back to 1856 and contain notes written by Peter Neff. Shortly after the Melainotype, Victor Griswold introduced a very similar process on thinner, lighter iron plates and called them Ferrotypes. The PHC has tintypes ranging from rare large images between 5”x7” and 10”x12”down to small images cut to 6mm diameter to fit jewelry. The Melainotypes are between 1/6 plate and 4”x5” in size and many have indistinct images. There are also unexposed Melainotype plates including a pack of 1/6 plates and large whole-plates with four decorated oval borders that were designed to be cut into smaller quarter plates after exposure.
The great majority of tintype photographs are studio portraits, including the very popular ‘Gem’ size (about ¾” x 1”). Almost every gem tintype in the PHC is an individual head and shoulders portraits, the only exceptions seen being a full length portrait and a head and shoulders portrait of a couple. Most of these gem portraits are in small gem albums designed to hold two to six gems per page. However, several gems are mounted on cartes-de-visite (CDV) size cards and set in specifically designed album pages. Some of these CDV mounted gems are in elaborate miniature frames attached to the card. The tintypes larger than gem size show a greater variety of subject matter, but still with a main focus on individual portraits, this is especially true of the smaller 1/16 and 1/9 plate images. Outdoor tintypes are rare. Of the few in the PHC, the most common outdoor subjects noted are people standing in front of their homes and photographs of people proudly standing with, or sitting on, their horse or horses and buggy. One of the largest tintypes is a 9”x 7” outdoor view of a row of townhouses with a couple standing on one of the balconies. There is also an outdoor tintype of men fishing along with another of their days catch.
One common subject in tintype photography, as noted in text books, is the civil war soldier. The durability of the tintype meant that photographs taken in the field could be sent home. However, this category of tintype is not well represented in the PHC, with less than thirty noted due to the fact that the majority of the Smithsonian’s Civil War tintypes are located mainly in the Military History Collection. Most of the PHC examples of Civil War tintypes are in the Kaynor collection of cased images.
A few of the tintypes in the PHC are hand colored. This coloring varies from light tinting of faces and hands to heavy overpainting that obscures the underlying tintype image. A number of the tintypes (about 30) depict people with the apparatus of their occupations. Some are posed studio shots and others appear to be photographs of people at their place of work. Among the occupational views are images of a doctor, grocery deliveryman, weavers, fireman, ice delivery man, craftsman, cobbler, shoe shiners, mail carrier, surveyor, pipe liners and other tintypes of people wearing work clothes and posing with tools. These include a unique full-length gem tintype of a man in work apron with a saw.
Location:
Currently not on view
See more items in:
Culture and the Arts: Photographic History
Photo History Collection
Tintype Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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The First Female African American Pilot

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel
Type:
Video recordings
Podcast
MIME Type:
video/x-m4v
Uploaded:
Mon, 16 Jan 2012 12:00:00 EST
Topic:
African Americans
Copyright:
© 2012 SNI/SI Networks L.L.C. All rights reserved. Smithsonian Channel is a trademark of Smithsonian Institution. SNI/SI Networks L.L.C. is an authorized user.
Podcast Keywords:
Aviation,Civil Rights,history,leaders,African American,Planes
Description:
Bessie Coleman wanted to fly, and she wouldn't take no for an answer. As the first African American woman with a pilot's license, she proved her skill as a stunt pilot.
Duration:
03:01 MINS
Author:
Smithsonian Channel
Subtitle:
Bessie Coleman wanted to fly, and she wouldn't take no for an answer. As the first African American woman with a pilot's license, she proved her skill as a stunt pilot.
See more episodes:
Smithsonian Channel Presents Black History Month
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
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The First Female African American Pilot

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2012-01-04T18:06:32.000Z
Youtube Category:
Entertainment
Video Title:
The First Female African American Pilot
Description:
Bessie Coleman wanted to fly, and she wouldn't take no for an answer. As the first African American woman with a pilot's license, she proved her skill as a stunt pilot.
Views:
70,640
Video Duration:
3 min 7 sec
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
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African American Art Curator Talk

Creator:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2012-08-01T23:55:46.000Z
Topic:
Art, American
Youtube Category:
Education
Video Title:
African American Art Curator Talk
Description:
Virginia Mecklenburg, senior curator, explores the work of Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Lois Mailou Jones, Melvin Edwards, and other artists featured in the exhibition African American Art: Harlem Renaissance, Civil Rights Era, and Beyond. These artists participated in ongoing dialogues about art, black identity, and individual rights that engaged American society in the twentieth century. Using documentary realism, painterly expressionism, and the postmodern assemblage of found objects, they rewrote American history and its art.
Views:
4,104
Video Duration:
49 min 11 sec
See more by:
americanartmuseum
YouTube Channel:
americanartmuseum
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
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[African American porcelain doll]

Medium:
plastic, cloth, yarn, paint
National Origin:
American
Type:
Doll
Accession Number:
1995.0008.0004
Description:
Small African American porcelain doll with yarn black hair, moveable head, arms and legs, in beige dress and white slip.
Previous owner Jacqueliine Griffith was the only child of Delaphine Griffith. Delaphine was the only child of Sarah Thomas. Mother and daughter were very close. However, Jacqueline Griffith was quite private and reserved, therefore little is known about the family, her private life or the collection.l
June P. Brown is the executor of Jacqueline Griffith's estate.
See more items in:
Anacostia Community Museum Collection
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum
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[African American porcelain doll]

Medium:
porcelain, cloth, paint
National Origin:
American
Type:
doll
Accession Number:
1995.0008.0017
Description:
African American porcelain doll with blue plaid dress and pink slip.
Previous owner Jacqueliine Griffith was the only child of Delaphine Griffith. Delaphine was the only child of Sarah Thomas. Mother and daughter were very close. However, Jacqueline Griffith was quite private and reserved, therefore little is known about the family, her private life or the collection.l
June P. Brown is the executor of Jacqueline Griffith's estate.
See more items in:
Anacostia Community Museum Collection
Data Source:
Anacostia Community Museum
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Black Wings: African American Pioneers

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2011-08-31T20:11:25.000Z
Topic:
Aeronautics;Flight;Space Sciences
Youtube Category:
Education
Video Title:
Black Wings: African American Pioneers
Description:
Aeronautics curator Von Hardesty discusses the updated Black Wings exhibit in the "Barron Hilton Pioneers of Flight Gallery," offering a perspective on African American pioneer aviators, past and present. This informal gallery talk was recorded on February 9, 2011 as part of the National Air and Space Museum's "Ask an Expert" lecture series. "Ask an Expert" lectures are presented weekly at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC and biweekly at the Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA. For more information & schedule, see http://www.nasm.si.edu/askanexpert/
Views:
1,816
Video Duration:
14 min 40 sec
See more by:
airandspace
YouTube Channel:
airandspace
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
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Group portrait of men and women in front of the U. S. Capitol

Created by:
Rev. Henry Clay Anderson, American, 1911 - 1998
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men
Unidentified Woman or Women
Medium:
photographic gelatin and silver on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Sheet): 8 1/8 x 10 in. (20.6 x 25.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place made:
Greenville, Washington, Mississippi, United States
Date:
May 1965
Topic:
African American
African American Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights
Culture
Local and regional
Photography
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Charles Schwartz and Shawn Wilson
Object number:
2012.137.3.2
Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
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Group portrait of men and women in front of the U. S. Capitol

Created by:
Rev. Henry Clay Anderson, American, 1911 - 1998
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men
Unidentified Woman or Women
Medium:
photographic gelatin and silver on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Sheet): 8 x 10 in. (20.3 x 25.4 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place made:
Greenville, Washington, Mississippi, United States
Date:
May 1965
Topic:
African American
African American Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights
Culture
Local and regional
Photography
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Charles Schwartz and Shawn Wilson
Object number:
2012.137.3.3
Rights:
© Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
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Coming Into Montgomery

Created by:
Spider Martin, American, 1939 - 2003
Subject of:
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., American, 1929 - 1968
Coretta Scott King, American, 1927 - 2006
Unidentified Man or Men
Unidentified Woman or Women
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 8 1/2 x 13 1/2 in. (21.6 x 34.3 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 11 x 14 in. (27.9 x 35.6 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Montgomery, Alabama, United States
Date:
1965; printed 1995
Topic:
African American
African American Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights
Photography
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.14.1
Rights:
© 1965 Spider Martin
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
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Two Minute Warning

Created by:
Spider Martin, American, 1939 - 2003
Subject of:
John Lewis, American, born 1940
Hosea Lorenzo Williams, American, 1926 - 2000
Albert Turner, 1936 - 2000
Bob Mants, 1943 - 2011
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 8 9/16 x 13 11/16 in. (21.7 x 34.8 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 9 x 14 in. (22.9 x 35.6 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Alabama, United States
Date:
1965; printed 1995
Topic:
African American
African American Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights
Photography
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.14.12
Rights:
© 1965 Spider Martin
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
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Alabama God-Damn

Created by:
Spider Martin, American, 1939 - 2003
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 13 7/16 x 9 1/4 in. (34.2 x 23.5 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 14 x 11 in. (35.6 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Alabama, United States
Date:
1965; printed 1995
Topic:
African American
African American Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights
Photography
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.14.15
Rights:
© 1965 Spider Martin
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
Visitor Tag(s):

The Edmund Pettus Bridge

Created by:
Spider Martin, American, 1939 - 2003
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men
Unidentified Woman or Women
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 8 7/16 x 13 11/16 in. (21.4 x 34.7 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 11 x 14 in. (27.9 x 35.6 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Selma, Alabama, United States
Date:
March 7, 1965; printed 1995
Topic:
African American
African American Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights
Photography
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.14.18
Rights:
© 1965 Spider Martin
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
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I Went to Church Every Night

Created by:
Spider Martin, American, 1939 - 2003
Subject of:
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., American, 1929 - 1968
Unidentified Man or Men
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 10 3/8 x 13 5/8 in. (26.4 x 34.6 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 11 x 14 in. (27.9 x 35.6 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
United States
Date:
1965
Topic:
African American
African American Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights
Photography
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.14.4
Rights:
© 1965 Spider Martin
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
Visitor Tag(s):

Sunshine

Created by:
Spider Martin, American, 1939 - 2003
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men
Unidentified Woman or Women
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 13 11/16 x 8 7/16 in. (34.7 x 21.4 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 14 x 11 in. (35.6 x 27.9 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Alabama, United States
Date:
1965; printed 1995
Topic:
African American
African American Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights
Photography
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.14.7
Rights:
© 1965 Spider Martin
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
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The March on Washington: We Shall Overcome!

Created by:
Council for United Civil Rights Leadership
Recorded by:
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., American, 1929 - 1968
Medium:
vinyl , cardboard
Dimensions:
H x W (album jacket): 12 3/8 x 12 3/8 in. (31.4 x 31.4 cm)
H x W (disc): 12 x 12 in. (30.5 x 30.5 cm)
Type:
long-playing records
Place depicted:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
Date:
1963
Topic:
African American
African American Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Elmer J. Whiting, III
Object number:
2011.17.34ab
Rights:
© 1963 The Council for United Civil Rights Leadership
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
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Marchers with Flags in Front of the Alabama State Capitol, Montgomery

Created by:
Charles Moore, American, 1931 - 2010
Subject of:
Unidentified Man or Men
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper
Dimensions:
H x W (Image): 12 1/16 x 18 3/8 in. (30.7 x 46.7 cm)
H x W (Sheet): 16 x 20 in. (40.6 x 50.8 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
Place depicted:
Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, United States
Date:
1965; printed 2008
Topic:
African American
African American Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights
Photography
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2011.49.4
Rights:
© Charles Moore
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
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