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G.A.R. Post [Civil War veterans : acetate film photonegative], 1935

Photographer:
Scurlock, Addison N. 1883-1964  Search this
Film manufacturer:
Defender  Search this
Subject:
Grand Army of the Republic  Search this
Physical description:
Silver gelatin on cellulose acetate film sheet, 8" x 10"
1 item
Culture:
African Americans  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
United States
Date:
1935
Topic:
Civil war  Search this
Veterans  Search this
Older people  Search this
Flags  Search this
Portraits, Group--African Americans  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
Local number:
Freezer box 01*
618ns0227003-01pg.tif (AC Scan No.)
25695 (Scurlock No.) [questionable number]
2008-4922 (SI Neg. No.)
Restrictions & Rights:
Access limited. Negative in freezer storage
Fees for commercial use. Smithsonian Institution owns rights
See more items in:
Black-and-white film negatives (Series 4), Scurlock Studio Records 1905-1994
Data Source:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_227003

We were there : voices of African American veterans from World War II to the war in Iraq / [compiled by] Yvonne Latty with photographs by Ron Tarver

Author:
Latty, Yvonne  Search this
Tarver, Ron  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 184 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Biography
Sources
Place:
United States
Date:
2004
C2004
20th century
Topic:
African American soldiers  Search this
African American sailors  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
Armed Forces  Search this
African Americans  Search this
History  Search this
History, Military  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_764643

Virginia - Landmarks and Points of Interest

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Thu, 08 Nov 2007 05:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_c25afbbf201fd098de6b084bc7c8ca4f

Benjamin Layton collection

Creator:
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Names:
Agnew, Spiro T., 1918-1996  Search this
Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006  Search this
Layton, Benjamin  Search this
Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993  Search this
Nixon, Pat, 1912-  Search this
Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994  Search this
Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Wright, Richard, 1908-1960  Search this
Extent:
3.45 Linear feet (5 boxes; 1 folder)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Date:
circa 1865-1977
Summary:
The Benjamin Layton collection documents the life, family history, and interests of Benjamin T. Layton. Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the life, family history, and collecting interests of World War II veteran and federal employee Benjamin T. Layton. Layton grew up in Virginia and settled in Kensington, Maryland. Notable aspects of the collection include nineteenth-century photographs of African Americans, photographs of Layton's family, 1970s political photographs, and first editions of Richard Wright's Black Boy and Booker T. Washington's Up from Slavery and Working with the Hands. Family photographs and memorabilia reflects the family's roots in Virginia and the Washington, D.C., area. Layton's historical photograph collection draws from photographers in the Mid-Atlantic and New England.

Items date from circa 1865 to 1977. The collection measures 3.45 linear feet and is composed of newsletters, clippings, pamphlets, newspapers, correspondence, certificates, photographs, memorabilia, books, stamps, etchings, and programs. It has been arranged in three series: Series I: Biographical Files, 1913-1977, Series II: Photographs, circa 1865-1977, and Series III: Printed Material, 1901-circa 1976. Some items in Series II and Series III are oversized.
Biographical / Historical:
Benjamin Thomas Layton was born on December 24, 1917, in Hanover, Virginia, to a prominent Virginia family. His maternal great-grandfather, Ballard Trent Edwards, was a freeborn African American man who opened a school for formerly enslaved people and served for eight years in the Virginia House of Delegates. His father, William Brown Layton, was the superintendent of the Negro Reformatory of Virginia (later the Virginia Manual Labor School), a reform school for African American boys located in Hanover County.

Layton was an athlete and scholar, playing varsity tennis and attending Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia. He did graduate work in social sciences at the University of Chicago and Howard University, but his studies were interrupted by the draft in 1941.

Layton served with distinction in the U.S. Army during World War II, leading truck convoys carrying soldiers, supplies, weapons, and prisoners of war during the Battle of the Bulge. He also worked in military intelligence. His last active duty assignment was commanding a military detachment in Baumholder, Germany. His decorations included the Bronze Star, which he was awarded in 1977. He attained the rank of lieutenant colonel before retiring from the Army in 1963.

From 1963 to 1966 he worked in Europe, then returned to the United States in 1966, where he was an ROTC instructor at Chamberlain Vocational High School in Washington, D.C. He left in 1967 to become an equal-opportunity specialist at the United States Department of Agriculture, from which he retired in 1985. His brother William W. Layton also lived and worked in the Washington, D.C., area.

Layton had a passion for collecting and donated coins, paper money, and military artifacts to the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. He also donated objects relating to clubs and fraternities to the Anacostia Community Museum. He was a member of numerous organizations, including the Retired Officers Association, the Reserve Officers Association of the United States, the American Legion, the Prince Hall Masons, the Kiwanis Club of Wheaton, and the Federation Nationale des Anciens Combattants, a French veterans group.

Layton was married twice, his first marriage to Irma Goode ending in divorce. He lived in Kensington, Maryland, with his second wife Marguerite, with whom he had two daughters. He died on February 15, 2001, at age 83 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Related Materials:
The Anacostia Community Museum houses more items in the Benjamin Layton Collection, including buttons, fraternity paddles, lapel pins, and medals.

Order to Report for Induction, 1941. 1993.3172.04. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Notice to Appear for Physical Exam, 1940. 1993.3172.03. The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, National Museum of American History.

Layton Family Collection, 228 THL, Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.
Provenance:
The Benjamin Layton collection was donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in two accretions in 1976 and 1978 by Benjamin Layton.
Restrictions:
Use of the materials requires an appointment. Please contact the archivist to make an appointment: ACMarchives@si.edu.
Rights:
The Benjamin Layton collection is the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.
Topic:
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (U.S.)  Search this
African American newspapers  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
African American soldiers  Search this
Bronze Star Medal (U.S.)  Search this
African American families  Search this
Politicians -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cartes-de-visite
Postage stamps
Programs
Tintypes
Correspondence
Newsletters
Cabinet photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Portraits
Photographic prints
Pamphlets
Photographs
Etchings
Copy prints
Citation:
Benjamin Layton collection, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Benjamin Layton.
Identifier:
ACMA.06-031
See more items in:
Benjamin Layton collection
Archival Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-acma-06-031
Additional Online Media:

National Museum of African American History and Culture Opens

Subject:
Lewis, John 1940 Feb. 21-  Search this
Obama, Barack  Search this
African American Museum Project  Search this
National Museum of African American History and Culture  Search this
Place:
Washington (D.C.)
Mall, The (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
September 24, 2016
Topic:
African Americans--History  Search this
Major Events in Smithsonian History  Search this
New Museums  Search this
Museums  Search this
Openings  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14710

Civil War Veterans Come Alive in Audio and Video Recordings

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Interviews
Blog posts
Published Date:
Wed, 05 Oct 2011 03:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_71624f049cbdcf9892fbd699319d1a66

Torchbearers of democracy : African American soldiers in the World War I era / Chad L. Williams

Author:
Williams, Chad Louis 1976-  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 452 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2010
C2010
20th century
Topic:
World War, 1914-1918--Participation, African American  Search this
World War, 1914-1918--African Americans  Search this
African American soldiers--History  Search this
African Americans--Social conditions  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
Racism--Political aspects--History  Search this
Citizenship--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_966685

A Long-Lost Manuscript Contains a Searing Eyewitness Account of the Tulsa Race Massacre of 1921

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Conversations and talks
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 27 May 2016 11:50:03 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_b64546b992360bc7b35edb3c725dc4e5

Mudbound / a novel by Hillary Jordan

Author:
Jordan, Hillary 1963-  Search this
Physical description:
339 pages ; 21 cm
Type:
Fiction
Historical fiction
Place:
Mississippi
Date:
2009
Topic:
Farm life  Search this
World War, 1939-1945--Veterans  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1096241

After the glory : the struggles of Black Civil War veterans / Donald R. Shaffer

Author:
Shaffer, Donald Robert  Search this
Physical description:
281 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2004
C2004
19th century
1863-1877
Civil War, 1861-1865
Topic:
African American veterans--History  Search this
African Americans--History  Search this
History  Search this
Participation, African American  Search this
Veterans  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_739743

Letters from Edgar's trunk : tell them all to write / edited and compiled by Marilyn Elizabeth Thornton

Author:
Thornton, James Edgar 1891-1958  Search this
Thornton, Marilyn Elizabeth  Search this
Opus Books (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Politics & Prose (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Subject:
Thornton, James Edgar 1891-1958  Search this
Thornton family  Search this
United States Army African American troops History  Search this
United States Army Infantry Regiment, 369th  Search this
Physical description:
193 pages : illustrations, portraits, facsimiles ; 21 cm
Type:
Correspondence
Biography
History
Records and correspondence
Place:
Virginia
Loudoun County
Loudoun County (Va.)
Date:
2016
20th century
Topic:
African American families  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
World War, 1914-1918--African Americans  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
E185.93.V8 T51 2016
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1097502

Home / Toni Morrison

Author:
Morrison, Toni  Search this
Physical description:
145 pages ; 22 cm
Type:
Fiction
Family
Place:
Georgia
Date:
2012
Topic:
African Americans  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
Brothers and sisters  Search this
Veterans  Search this
Quests (Expeditions)  Search this
Racism  Search this
Korean War, 1950-1953--Veterans  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1048672

President Coolidge Signs Joint Resolution Creating the National Memorial Commission

Subject:
Coolidge, Calvin 1872-1933  Search this
National Museum of African American History and Culture  Search this
United States Colored Troops Committee of Colored Citizens  Search this
National Memorial Association  Search this
Place:
Mall, The (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
March 4, 1929
Topic:
Legislation  Search this
Museums--Law and legislation  Search this
History museums  Search this
New Museums  Search this
African Americans  Search this
History--United States  Search this
African Americans--History  Search this
Memorials  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14629

Committee of Colored Citizens Formed the National Memorial Association

Subject:
National Museum of African American History and Culture  Search this
Grand Army of the Republic  Search this
National Memorial Association  Search this
United States Colored Troops Committee of Colored Citizens  Search this
Place:
Mall, The (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
1915
Topic:
History museums  Search this
New Museums  Search this
Parades  Search this
African Americans--History  Search this
Veterans  Search this
Memorials  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14630

Washington, D.C. - Landmarks and Points of Interest

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 06 Nov 2007 05:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_a0fb52599b3f4ef282619d58eb0b5761

Unexampled courage : the blinding of Sgt. Isaac Woodard and the awakening of President Harry S. Truman and Judge J. Waties Waring / Richard Gergel

Author:
Gergel, Richard  Search this
Subject:
Waring, Julius Waties 1880-1968  Search this
Woodard, Isaac 1919-1992 Trials, litigation, etc  Search this
Physical description:
324 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
History
Fiction
Place:
United States
South Carolina
Date:
2019
20th century
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
African Americans--Violence against--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1103199

Soul soldiers : African Americans and the Vietnam era / edited by Samuel W. Black

Author:
Black, Samuel W  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 218 p. : ill. (some col.), col. map ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2006
C2006
Topic:
Vietnam War, 1961-1975--African Americans  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
African Americans--Civil rights  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_813111

Cold War civil rights : race and the image of American democracy / Mary L. Dudziak

Author:
Dudziak, Mary L. 1956-  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 330 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
2000
C2000
20th century
1945-1989
Topic:
African Americans--Civil rights--History  Search this
African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc--History  Search this
Racism--Political aspects--History  Search this
Democracy--History  Search this
Cold War--Social aspects  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Political aspects  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_627253

The personal history of Rachel DuPree / Ann Weisgarber

Author:
Weisgarber, Ann  Search this
Physical description:
321 p. ; 21 cm
Type:
Fiction
Historical fiction
Place:
South Dakota
Badlands (S.D. and Neb.)
Date:
2010
2010, c2008
20th century
Topic:
African American women  Search this
Ranchers  Search this
African American veterans  Search this
Land tenure  Search this
Unrequited love  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_949607

Union soldiers and the northern home front : wartime experiences, postwar adjustments / edited by Paul A. Cimbala and Randall M. Miller

Author:
Cimbala, Paul A (Paul Alan) 1951-  Search this
Miller, Randall M  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 508 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Northeastern States
Date:
2002
19th century
Civil War, 1861-1865
Topic:
Soldiers--Social conditions  Search this
Veterans--Social conditions  Search this
Civil-military relations--History  Search this
History  Search this
Social aspects  Search this
Influence  Search this
Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_711210

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