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Warren M. Robbins Papers, circa 1927-2009

Creator:
Robbins, Warren M  Search this
Uniform title:
African Art in American Collections (Monograph). 1966  Search this
African Art in American Collections (Monograph). 1989  Search this
Subject:
Angelou, Maya  Search this
Barnes, Ernie 1938-2009  Search this
Bellow, Saul  Search this
Douglass, Frederick 1817?-1895  Search this
Elisofon, Eliot  Search this
Gross, Chaim 1904-1991  Search this
Holtzman, Harry  Search this
Mead, Margaret 1901-1978  Search this
Mondrian, Piet 1872-1944  Search this
Robbins, Warren M  Search this
Shahn, Ben 1898-1969  Search this
Toledano, Roulhac  Search this
Fried, Otto 1922-  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster) 1895-1983  Search this
Gilot, Françoise 1921-  Search this
Hayakawa, S. I (Samuel Ichiyé) 1906-1992  Search this
Howard, Frances Humphrey  Search this
Humphrey, Hubert H (Hubert Horatio) 1911-1978  Search this
Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
National Museum of African Art (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
United States Foreign Service  Search this
University of Michigan  Search this
University of New Hampshire  Search this
Center for Cross Cultural Communication  Search this
Robbins Center for Cross Cultural Communication  Search this
A Nigerian Showcase (Exhibition) (1980: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
African Art Playing Cards: 52 Paintings by Harold Jerome (Exhibition) (1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
African Art in Motion (Exhibition) (1974: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
African Art in Washington Collections (Exhibition) (1972: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
African Art: The de Havenon Collection (Exhibition) (1971: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
African Miniatures: Traditional Sculpture from the Hersey Collection (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
African Sculpture at Princeton University (Exhibition) (1971: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
African Style: Art of Zaire (Exhibition) (1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
African Weaving and Traditional Dress (Exhibition) (1975: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Animals in African Art (Exhibition) (1977: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Animals in African Art (Exhibition) (2000: Salisbury, M.D.)  Search this
Art from Zaire: 100 Masterpieces from the National Collections (Exhibition) (1975-1976: New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Art of Nigeria (Exhibition) (1964: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Bamana Figurative Sculpture: A Human Ideal in African Art (Exhibition) (1986: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Ben Shahn on Human Rights (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
Contemporary African Paintings and Graphics (Exhibition) (1974: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Contemporary Nigerian Pottery (Exhibition) (1972: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Contemporary Tapestries from Senegal (Exhibition) (1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Five Afro-American Artists (Exhibition) (1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Five Nineteenth Century Afro-American Artists (Exhibition) (1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Forms and Influences of African Art (Exhibition) (1985: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Images of Ancestors: Ties That Bind (Exhibition) (1995: Charlottesville, V.A.)  Search this
Life . . . Afterlife: African Funerary Sculpture (Exhibition) (1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Out of the Ordinary: Domestic and Ritual Furnishings from Africa (Exhibition) (1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Salute to Sierra Leone (Exhibition) (1976: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Secular and Religious Art of Ethiopia (Exhibition) (1976: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Tapestries from Lesotho (Exhibition) (1976: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The African Heritage (Exhibition) (1964: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Art of Cameroon (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
The Art of Henry O. Tanner (Exhibition) (1969: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Beauty of the Ghetto (Exhibition) (1974: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Great Beautiful Black Women Collection (Exhibition) (1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Heritage of African Art (Exhibtion) (1967: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Image of the Black in Western Art (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
The Impact of African Sculpture on Modern Art (Exhibition) (1975: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Language of African Art (Exhibition) (1970: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Language of Art in Traditional African Life (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
The Meaning of African Art (Exhibition) (1967: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Sculptor's Eye: The African Art Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Chaim Gross (Traveling exhibition)  Search this
The Stranger Among Us (Exhibition) (1982: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
The Useful Arts of Kenya (Exhibition) (1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Traditional African Art from the Peabody Museum, Harvard University (Exhibition) (1966: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Traditional African Sculpture (Exhibition) (1964: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Traditional Costumes and Jewelry in Africa (Exhibition) (1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Traditional Costumes and Jewelry in Egypt (Exhibition) (1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Traditional Sculpture from Upper Volta (Exhibition) (1979: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Traditonal Art of the Nigerian Peoples (Exhibition) (1977: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Traditonal and Contemporary Crafts from Botswana (Exhibition) (1978: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Treasures of Ancient Nigeria: Legacy of 2000 Years (Exhibition) (1980-1981: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Tribute to Africa: The Photography and the Collection of Eliot Elisofon (Exhibition) (1974: Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Weaving Magic: Traditional African Textiles (Exhibition) (1998: Savannah, G.A.)  Search this
Physical description:
83.1 cu. ft. (80 record storage boxes) (4 12x17 boxes) (2 16x20 boxes)
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Brochures
Clippings
Newsletters
Floor plans
Maps
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white transparencies
Color transparencies
Color negatives
Glass negatives
Audiotapes
Artifacts
Place:
Cameroon
Date:
1927
1927-2009
circa 1927-2009
Topic:
Art, African  Search this
Communication  Search this
Cultural relations  Search this
Kom (African people)  Search this
Museum attendance  Search this
Museum directors  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Museum finance  Search this
Museum publications  Search this
Museum techniques  Search this
Museums--Acquisitions  Search this
Museums--Collection management  Search this
Museums--Educational aspects  Search this
Museums--Management  Search this
Museums--Public relations  Search this
Museums and community  Search this
Semantics  Search this
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Local number:
SIA Acc. 11-001
Restrictions & Rights:
Series 9 - Smithsonian Conflict, 1982-2002 restricted for 5 years from the date of transfer, until Jan-01-2016; Transferring office; 09/13/2010 Deed of Gift; Contact reference staff for details
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_309956

Warren M. Robbins Papers

Creator:
Robbins, Warren M  Search this
Extent:
83.1 cu. ft. (80 record storage boxes) (4 12x17 boxes) (2 16x20 boxes)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Brochures
Clippings
Newsletters
Floor plans
Maps
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white transparencies
Color transparencies
Color negatives
Glass negatives
Audiotapes
Artifacts
Date:
circa 1927-2009
Descriptive Entry:
These papers document the life and work of Warren M. Robbins, covering a wide swath of his life, from his early career in the Foreign Service to his work in cross cultural communications and African art. A prolific writer, Robbins correspondence with such people as Maya Angelou, Ernie Barnes, Saul Bellow, Eliot Elisofon, Otto Fried, Buckminster Fuller, Francoise Gilot, Chaim Gross, S. I. Hayakawa, Harry Holtzman, Frances Humphrey Howard, Herbert H. Humphrey, Ben Shahn, and Margaret Mead document the close relationships he had with a wide range of people as well as reveal his personality and character.

The papers also include Robbins subject files and reveal his interests in African art, Piet Mondrian, and semantics among other things. Also included are records related to the creation and administration of the Museum of African Art, the work it took to get it included as part of the Smithsonian, its transfer, and the difficulties and conflicts Robbins experienced as a result. The records provide extensive coverage of the work involved in keeping the MAA a vibrant center of education, as well as documents the acquisition of collection material and the production of exhibitions.

The papers also contain materials related to publications, including Robbins' African Art in American Collections, both the 1966 and 1989 editions. Also included are materials related to his writings, lectures, and introductions of which he was known for. Of interest are the materials prepared by Roulhac Toledano in preparation for an unpublished work: Before and After the Smithsonian, The Legacy of Warren Robbins, Founder, National Museum of African Art: A Biography of Letters and Essays.

Other highlights include audio recordings from the dedication of the Museum of African Art on September 21, 1966, as well as recordings of lectures and interviews; records regarding the return of the Afo-A-Kom to the Kom people of Cameroon; records related to the acquisition of the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives; transcripts of oral history interviews; and the numerous awards and honors received by Robbins including the Joseph Henry Medal.

Materials include correspondence, memoranda, invitations, publications, articles, reports, images, sound recordings, transcripts, awards, clippings, newsletters, brochures, scrapbooks, pamphlets, mailings, maps, and floor plans. Some materials are in German and French.
Historical Note:
A graduate of the University of New Hampshire, BA, 1945 and the University of Michigan, MA, 1949, Warren Murray Robbins started his career as a secondary school teacher. He later served in the United States Foreign Service, holding a variety of educational and curatorial posts in Germany and Austria. After returning to the United States, Robbins established the Center for Cross Cultural Communication (CCCC) in 1962 to serve as an educational institute integrating, popularizing and utilizing the insights and perspectives of the social sciences and the arts to foster international and interracial understanding as well as communication between the academic world and a broader public audience.

Once of first major projects of the CCCC was the creation in 1964 of the Museum of African Art (MAA). The museum was the extension of an interest in African art that Robbins developed while in Europe. The museum was originally located in the Washington, DC residence of Frederick Douglass and became part of the Smithsonian Institution in1979 and was later renamed the National Museum of African Art (NMAfA) in 1981.

During the 15 years that the MAA was in operation, the CCCC operated under the Museum's name. Following the Museum's inclusion as part of the Smithsonian it reverted back to its original corporate name with the inclusion of Robbins' name in the title to become the Robbins Center for Cross-Cultural Communication.

From 1964 to 1982, Robbins was the Director of the MAA, later becoming the Founding Director Emeritus and Senior Scholar from 1982-1995. In June of 1995, the Smithsonian eliminated Robbins position as Founding Director Emeritus/Senior Scholar because of budgetary reasons. Subsequently Robbins sued the Smithsonian, but ultimately lost and was not able to be reinstated.

After leaving the Smithsonian, Robbins continued his work at the Robbins Center for Cross Cultural Communications to apply the perspectives and insights of the social sciences and the arts in public education with particular emphasis on interracial understanding. Robbins passed away on December 4, 2008.
Chronology:
September 4, 1923 -- Born - Worcester, Massachusetts

1928-1937 -- Midland Street Elementary School

1938-1941 -- Classical High School

1941-1945 -- University of New Hampshire, Durham - BA English

1945-1949 -- University of Michigan, Ann Arbor - MA History

August 1949-September 1950 -- Teacher, High School, Department of the Army, Dependent School System - Bremerhaven, Germany

September-December 1950 -- Teacher, High School, Department of the Army, Dependent School System - Nurnberg, Germany

January 1951-November 1951 -- Visiting Expert, Public Affairs Program, Department of State - Hicog, Germany

1951-1955 -- Education Officer, American Embassy, Department of State -Vienna, Austria

1955-1957 -- Cultural Affairs Officer, American Consulate General, United States Information Agency - Stuttgart, Germany

1957-1958 -- Public Affairs Officer, American Consulate General, United States Information Agency - Stuttgart, Germany

1958-1960 -- Deputy Chief, Cultural Centers and Program Unit, American Embassy - Bonn, Germany

1960-1961 -- Staff, U. S. Advisory Commission on Educational and Cultural Relations

1961-1962 -- Assistant to Deputy Assistant of State for Educational and Cultural Relations, Department of State

1962-1963 -- Course Chairman, Foreign Service Institute, Department of State

1962-2010 -- Founder and Director, Center for Cross Cultural Communications (CCCC) and later the Robbins Center for Cross Cultural Communications

1964 -- Museum of African Art founded as a part of CCCC

1964-1982 -- Founder and Director, Museum of African Art/National Museum of African Art

1966 -- Establishment of the Frederick Douglass Institute for Intercultural Understanding

1978 -- President Carter signs bill authorizing the transfer of MAA to the Smithsonian

1979, August 13 -- Museum of African Art officially becomes part of the Smithsonian

1981 -- Museum of African Art changed names to the National Museum of African Art

1982 -- Sabbatical to Africa

1982-1995 -- Founding Director Emeritus and Senior Scholar, National Museum of African Art

1987 -- National Museum of African Art building opens in the Quadrangle on the National Mall

1995, June -- Terminated from National Museum of African Art

2008, December 4 -- Warren M. Robbins passes away
Restrictions:
Series 9 - Smithsonian Conflict, 1982-2002 restricted for 5 years from the date of transfer, until Jan-01-2016; Transferring office; 09/13/2010 Deed of Gift; Contact reference staff for details.
Topic:
African Art in American Collections (Monograph) 1966.  Search this
African Art in American Collections (Monograph) 1989.  Search this
Art, African  Search this
Communication  Search this
Cultural relations  Search this
Kom (African people)  Search this
Museum attendance  Search this
Museum directors.  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Museum finance.  Search this
Museum publications.  Search this
Museum techniques  Search this
Museums -- Acquisitions  Search this
Museums -- Collection management.  Search this
Museums -- Educational aspects.  Search this
Museums -- Management  Search this
Museums -- Public relations.  Search this
Museums and community  Search this
Semantics  Search this
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Brochures
Clippings
Newsletters
Floor plans
Maps
Color photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white transparencies
Color transparencies
Color negatives
Glass negatives
Audiotapes
Artifacts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 11-001, Robbins, Warren M, Warren M. Robbins Papers
Identifier:
Accession 11-001
See more items in:
Warren M. Robbins Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-fa11-001

Warren Robbins photographs

Photographer:
Robbins, Warren  Search this
Extent:
226 slides (photographs) (1 volume, color, 35 mm.)
Container:
Volume 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
Nigeria
Liberia
Africa
Ghana
Cameroon
Senegal
Date:
1982
Summary:
Photographs taken by Warren Robbins during a research trip to Cameroon, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal and Ghana in 1982.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Identifier:
EEPA.1982-002
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-1982-002

African aesthetics : moving to see the mask

Author:
Argenti, Nicolas  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Cameroon
Cameroon Grassfields
Africa
Date:
1992
Topic:
Cameroon Grassfields iconography  Search this
Art  Search this
Sculpture, Bangwa  Search this
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Aesthetics, African  Search this
Symbolism in art  Search this
Bangwa funerary sculpture  Search this
Call number:
GN1 .J863
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_749636

Assembling a royal stage : art from the Kom Kingdom

Author:
McClusky, Pamela  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Cameroon
Cameroon Grassfields
Date:
2002
Topic:
Art  Search this
Art, Kom  Search this
Cameroon Grassfields court art  Search this
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Call number:
N7391.65 .M28 2002X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_750679

The odyssey of the Afo-a-Kom

Author:
Shanklin, Eugenia 1939-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
2003
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Call number:
N3885.W56 A475
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_756947

The royal memorial figures from Kom

Author:
Northern, Tamara  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1984
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Kom anthropomorphic sculpture  Search this
Sculpture, Kom  Search this
Call number:
N7399.C3 N67 1984X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_760422

Les rois sculpteurs au Cameroun : le pouvoir en répresentation

Author:
Perrois, Louis  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Cameroon
Cameroon Grassfields
Date:
1999
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Sculpture, Kom  Search this
Kom sculptors  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Call number:
N7391.65 .C654
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_761717

Museums and the state of traditional art in Africa today

Author:
Robbins, Warren M  Search this
Physical description:
27 leaves
Type:
Manuscripts
Place:
Africa
Date:
1982
Topic:
Museums  Search this
Cultural property--Protection  Search this
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Call number:
VF-- Museums and Galleries--Africa
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_663210

Letter to Frank Markoe / Warren M. Robbins, Director, Museum of African Art, Washington, D.C

Author:
Robbins, Warren M  Search this
Physical description:
4 leaves
Type:
Manuscripts
Place:
Cameroon
Date:
1973
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Cultural property--Repatriation  Search this
Call number:
VF-- Art, Cameroon
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_663481

The true adventure of the sacred idol of Kom

Author:
Burnham, Sophy  Search this
Physical description:
p. 119-121, 184-187 : ill
Type:
Books
Place:
Cameroon
Date:
1974
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Cultural property--Repatriation  Search this
Kom sacred object--Repatriation  Search this
Call number:
VF-- Art, Cameroon
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_683525

Avant-propos

Author:
Lehuard, Raoul  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1974
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Call number:
N2 .A793
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_691394

The soul of a tribe returns to Africa / William S. Ellis and James P. Blair

Author:
Ellis, William S  Search this
Blair, James P  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Cameroon
Date:
1974
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Kom beaded sculpture  Search this
Cultural property--Repatriation  Search this
Call number:
G1 .N27
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_530485

A conservation dilemma over African royal art in Cameroon

Author:
Nkwi, Paul Nchoji  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Cameroon
Cameroon Grassfields
Date:
1996
Topic:
Kom sacred object--Repatriation  Search this
Sculpture, Kom--Repatriation  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Cultural property--Protection  Search this
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Call number:
DT352.4 .P55 1996X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_549249

Cameroon : beads, Anlu, and social change

Author:
LaDuke, Betty  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Cameroon
Cameroon Grassfields
Cameroon Grassfields (Cameroon)
Date:
1997
Topic:
Beadwork  Search this
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Description and travel  Search this
Call number:
N7391.65 .L34 1997X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_552624

The press meets the Afo-A-Kom / Walter M. Brasch and Gilbert D. Schneider

Author:
Brasch, Walter M. 1945-  Search this
Burnham, Sophy  Search this
Schneider, Gilbert D  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Cameroon
Date:
1974
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Sculpture, Kom  Search this
Cultural property--Repatriation  Search this
Call number:
N1 .A258
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_555153

The odyssey of the Afo-A-Kom

Author:
Shanklin, Eugenia 1939-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Cameroon
Cameroon Grassfields
Date:
1990
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Art thefts  Search this
Cultural property--Protection  Search this
Portraits  Search this
Call number:
N1 .A258
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_555229

A propos : Afo-A-Kom

Author:
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Date:
1974
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Call number:
N1 .A258
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_555575

Tales of Kom

Author:
Whiteman, Kaye  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Nyos, Lake (Cameroon)
Date:
1986
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Folklore  Search this
Call number:
DT491 .W516
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_559412

Afo-A-Kom. Fred Ferretti

Author:
Ferretti, Fred  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Cameroon
Date:
1976
Topic:
Afo-A-Kom (Statue)  Search this
Art thefts  Search this
Cultural property--Repatriation  Search this
Call number:
N1 .A258
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_596841

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