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Santos-Dumont 20 Demoiselle Type, American Homebuilt Version

Extent:
6 digital images (Scans from original 4 x 5 inch glass plate negatives loaned by donor for copying. Original negatives had extensive silver mirroring in dense areas (severe at edges), dust spotting, surface dirt, and chipping of emulsion at edges of plates., 600 ppi RGB TIFF files, 6100 x 4851 pixels)
Type:
Archival materials
Digital images
Date:
circa 1911
Scope and Contents:
Six views of a homebuilt version of a Santos-Dumont 20 Demoiselle design (no engine mounted) on the ground in the back yard of a suburban area, probably somewhere in the Boston, Massachusetts, metropolitan area circa 1911.

These scans from the original 4 x 5 inch glass plate negatives have been processed to correct exposure and desaturated to reduce yellowing.
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Collection Citation:
Early Boston Area Aviation Photography, NASM Acc. 2018.0062, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Early Boston Area Aviation Photography
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-2018-0062-ref1

Stephen Balzer Correspondence

Creator:
Balzer, Stephen M.  Search this
Names:
Balzer, Stephen M.  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
Manly, Charles Matthews, 1876-1927  Search this
Rathbun, Richard, 1852-1918  Search this
Extent:
0.56 Cubic feet ((1 16x20x3 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Financial records
Date:
1898-1962
bulk 1899-1932
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of correspondence between Stephen Balzer and S.P. Langley, Richard Rathbun, Charles M. Manley, and others pertaining to the 52-HP Radial Engine he designed. In addition Balzer designed and built the first automobile to run in New York City, which was exhibited at the Smithsonian Institution. Balzer's engine-building ability came to the attention of Langley in 1898, who decided that a gasoline engine would be more practical for his proposed man-carrying airplane than a steam power plant. There are five items that have no date, including a voucher for payments to Balzer by the Smithsonian Institution, a summary of the engine's progress by Balzer, and the cover of a mail package from V.W. Balzer to Philip S. Hopkins (NAM).
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No Donor information, XXXX-0129, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Langley-Manly-Balzer Aero Engine of 1903 5-Cyl. Radial  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Financial records
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0129
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0129

H. Paul Culver Air Mail Scrapbook and Invoices

Creator:
Culver, H. Paul, 1893-1964  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Culver, H. Paul, 1893-1964  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Cubic Feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Maps
Invoices
Date:
1918
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a scrapbook compiled by H. Paul Culver containing news clippings, articles, photographs, an invoice book, an annotated route map, and other documentation relating to the initiation of airmail service.
Biographical / Historical:
H. Paul Culver flew the first regular scheduled air mail run in the world on May 15, 1918. The trip was from Philadelphia to New York and 2457 pieces of mail were carried. The trip was flown in one hour, with the aircraft attaining a speed of 75 miles per hour. Culver learned to fly at the Glenn Curtiss School in Newport News, VA., in 1916. During World War I Culver served as a flying instructor at Princeton University. He was also a member of the Early Birds.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Mrs. H. Paul Culver, gift, ca. 1976, XXXX-0401, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Air mail service  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Maps
Invoices
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0401
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0401

Commander George C. Sweet Scrapbook

Creator:
Sweet, George C., 1877-1953  Search this
Names:
United States. Navy. Bureau of Navigation. Naval Aeronautical Board  Search this
Wright Flyer Army Trials -- Fort Myer, Vir.  Search this
Sweet, George C., 1877-1953  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic Feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Date:
1918-1961
bulk 1938-1954
Scope and Contents:
The scrapbook contains newspaper clippings, armed service memorabilia, invitations and one large photograph of Commander Sweet. The clippings are about Commander Sweet and also about the Wright Brothers.
Biographical / Historical:
Commander George C. Sweet (1877-1953) was a US Navy officer significant in promoting the early use of aircraft by the Navy. In September 1908, Commander Sweet, serving as a Naval observer, reported favorably on the Wright Brothers airplane demonstration at Fort Meyer, near Washington, DC. Following his appointment to the Naval Aeronautical Board, Commander Sweet received an opportunity to fly with the Wright Brothers, becoming the first Navy officer to travel in an airplane.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0017, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0017
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0017

Carl T. Batts Collection

Creator:
Batts, Carl T., 1892-1969  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Batts, Carl T., 1892-1969  Search this
Extent:
1.35 Cubic Feet ((3 legal document boxes))
1.26 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Date:
1953-1969
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of correspondence from and to Batts concerning the organizational interests of the Early Birds. The correspondence is organized into two series, one a chronological correspondence series and the other a series of miscellaneous documents. The correspondence reveals Batts' concern with arrangements for reunions and other affairs of the organization. The letters also contain scattered observations on the various personalities within the organization.
Biographical / Historical:
Carl T. Batts (1892-1969) was a longtime member of the Early Birds and served as its president in 1966. Batts soloed in a Curtiss JN-4D at Curtiss Field on August 19, 1916. He became a instructor at Curtiss Field and in 1917 he was transferred to the Curtiss School at Newport News, VA where he instructed Army and Navy Cadets until the Armistice. In 1919 Batts spent nine months flying around Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland in a Curtiss MF Flying Boat. Batts managed the Curtiss-Wright Flying Service at St. Louis, 1929-1931. During World War II he served as a civilian flight instructor with the Polaris Flight Academy.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
The Early Birds, gift, 1992, 1992-0048, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0048
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0048

Elmo Neale Pickerill Papers

Creator:
Pickerill, Elmo Neale, 1885-1968  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Long Island Early Fliers Club  Search this
OX5 Aviation Pioneers.  Search this
Radio Corporation of America.  Search this
Veterans Wireless Operators Association.  Search this
Extent:
2.55 Cubic feet ((4 legal document boxes) (3 shoeboxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Newsletters
Publications
Photographs
Date:
1907-1968
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains photographs (some with captions) with corresponding negatives, publications, periodicals, Early Bird newsletters and stationary, biographical material, and correspondence from friends and contemporaries.
Biographical / Historical:
Elmo Neale Pickerill (1885 - 1968) was born in Greenridge, Missouri. In 1910 he made his first solo flight while establishing air to ground wireless radio communication. Pickerill was an officer in the aviation section of the Army Signal Corps during World War I. He joined RCA in 1920 and retired in 1950. Pickerill was not only a member, but held officer positions in the following organizations: The Early Birds, Long Island Early Fliers Club, the OX5 Club, and the Veterans Wireless Operators Association. He was most noted for his work with the Early Birds.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Eugene M. Baker, gift, 1997, 1997-0023, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Radio in aeronautics  Search this
Radio  Search this
Radio -- History  Search this
World War, 1914-1918  Search this
Aeronautical instruments  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Newsletters
Publications
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.1997.0023
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1997-0023

Early Aeronautical New clippings (Alexander Graham Bell) Collection

Creator:
Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847-1922  Search this
Names:
Aerial Experiment Association  Search this
Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847-1922  Search this
Extent:
18.53 Cubic Feet (17 records center boxes; 1 11x17x3 flatbox)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Date:
1906-1911
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of newspaper clippings gather by Dr Bell during the early years of aviation. The material, gathered from American, British, French, German, and other papers, covers a variety of subjects from balloon and airship ascents, air shows, races, and record flights, to accidents, technological developments, and applications.
Biographical / Historical:
Although best known as the inventor of the telephone, Dr Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) expressed an interest in a wide range of activities, including aviation. By the turn of the 19th/20th century he was experimenting with kites and kite structures, including his famous tetrahedral kite 'Cygnus', which carried a man aloft in 1907 and was intended to be fitted with a motor. Bell supported the experiments of Samuel Langley from 1891 on and had some influence in obtaining War Department funding for Langley's aeronautical work. After the successful flight of the Wright Brothers in 1903 he formed, with Glenn H. Curtiss, F.W. Baldwin, J.A.D. McCurdy, and Lt. T. Selfridge, the Aerial Experimental Association, which experimented with a number of flying machines before the founders dissolved the group in 1909. Bell's contributions to aeronautics are reflected in his being issue nine patents for various advances in 'aerial vehicles', 'flying machines', and so on.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No Donor Information, XXXX-0086, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0086
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0086

Roland Rohlfs Scrapbook

Creator:
Rohlfs, Roland  Search this
Names:
Aerial Advertising Company  Search this
Civil Aeronautics Administration  Search this
Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company  Search this
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Rohlfs, Roland  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Date:
1914-1973
bulk 1919-1931
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook records Rohlfs' career and includes correspondence, telegrams, programs, and newspaper articles.
Biographical / Historical:
Roland Rohlfs started his career establishing motorcycle records in 1914, before turning to the field of aviation. Rohlfs became an instructor and experimental test pilot with Curtiss Aeroplane Company during World War I, and he established speed and altitude records. Because of his popularity, he endorsed advertisements for such items as watches, spark plugs, parachutes and cars. In 1928, Rohlfs developed and patented an aerial neon sign, and established the Aerial Advertising Company to administer it. Toward the end of his career, he promoted private flying as a "Personal Flying Specialist" for the Civil Aviation Authority and he was an operations manager for Aeromarine Airways. Rohlfs was a member of the Early Birds.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Roland Rohlfs, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0278, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Test pilots -- United States  Search this
Test pilots  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Programs
Clippings
Correspondence
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0278
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0278

Vin Fiz Advertisement

Creator:
Armour Company  Search this
Names:
Armour Company  Search this
Rodgers, Calbraith Perry  Search this
Extent:
0.01 Cubic Feet ((1 folder))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Advertisements
Date:
1911
Scope and Contents:
This donation is a 'Vin Fiz' advertisement, 2 x 4 inches. One side reads: 'Greetings for the sky - Rodgers in the Vin-Fiz Flyer from New York to Los Angeles for the Hearst {dollar}50,000 ocean to ocean flight.' The other side advertises the Vin-Fiz grape drink, 'sold everywhere.'
Biographical / Historical:
In 1910, William Randolph Hearst offered a {dollar}50,000 prize to the first person to make a transcontinental flight in thirty days or less. Calbraith Perry Rodgers, hoping to win the prize, took off from Sheepshead Bay, Long Island, New York, on September 17, 1911 in the Wright EX "Vin Fiz." His sponsor, the Armour Company of Chicago, was marketing a grape-flavored soft drink called "Vin Fiz." In addition to the prize money, should he win it, Rodgers would receive {dollar}5 from Armour for every mile flown. Accompanying Rodgers along the route was a special train carrying mechanics, spare parts, and of course, several representatives of the Armour Company. Unfortunately, thirty days passed and Rodgers found himself only as far as Oklahoma. But with the Armour Company's backing, and his own determination to succeed, Rodgers continued west. On November 5, he reached his original goal, Pasadena, California, after flying 4,321 miles. Averaging 52 mph, his total air time was 82 hours and 4 minutes. However, Rodgers wanted to reached the Pacific. So on November 12 he took off again, only to be forced down at Covina Junction and then at Compton. In the Compton crash, he was severely injured, and grounded for nearly a month. Finally, on December 10, using crutches to walk to the repaired aircraft, Rodgers flew onto the sand at Long Beach, California, having completed the first transcontinental flight after more than seventy stops, numerous accidents, an in-flight run-in with an eagle, and replacing enough parts to build four new aircraft.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Frank Hempstead, Gift, 1988, 1989-0010, Public Domain
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Wright (Co) Model EX "Vin Fiz"  Search this
Aeronautics in advertising  Search this
Endurance flights  Search this
Aeronautics -- Flights  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements
Identifier:
NASM.1989.0010
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1989-0010

Roger B. Whitman Early Aviation Photograph Collection

Creator:
Whitman, Roger B.  Search this
Names:
Blériot, Louis, 1872-1936  Search this
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Farman, Henry  Search this
Latham, Hubert  Search this
Paulhan, Louis  Search this
Whitman, Roger B.  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic Feet ((7 folders))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Date:
1909-1911
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 163 photographs, collected by Whitman, covering early aviation activities in predominantly the United States and France. Aircraft manufacturers represented include: Wright, Curtiss, Bell, Bleriot, Antoinette, Deperdussin, Farman, Voisin, and other American, French, and British designers of the period 1909-1911. The following events are represented: 1909, 1910 Grande Semaines d'Aviation, 1910 Quinzaine de la Baie de la Seine, 1909 meet at Blackpool England and the 1910 meets at Belmont Part Long Island, Nice and other locations. Flights represented include: Bleriot's Channel flight, Latham's flight over San Francisco and flights in and around New York and Paris. Aviators represented include: the Wright Brothers, Henry Farman, Louis Bleriot, Hubert Latham, Glenn Curtiss, Louis Paulhan, and other French and American pilots.
Biographical / Historical:
Roger B. Whitman was a prominent photographer who maintained a lifetime love of aviation. During World War I he was in the Air Service and established the first school of aerial photography. Whitman was later the Associate Editor of the American 'Country Life.'
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Herbert S. Whitman, Gift, 1979, XXXX-0517, Public Domain
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Bell Aircraft Family  Search this
Bleriot Aircraft Family  Search this
Curtiss, General, Aircraft  Search this
Antoinette Aircraft Family  Search this
Voisin Aircraft Family  Search this
Deperdussin Aircraft Family  Search this
Aeronautics -- France  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0517
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0517

Wright Model B Modified Flyer

Creator:
Fairmont East High School, Kettering, Ohio  Search this
Fairmont West High School, Kettering, Ohio  Search this
Names:
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.22 Cubic Feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Date:
1976
Scope and Contents:
There are 73 drawings including a 3 view assembly, front view, side view, top view and tail section as well as 22 drawings of wing details (including engine mounts, seats, etc.); 6 drawings of tail details; 7 drawings of horizontal stabilizer and bellcrank details; 5 drawings of rudder details; 8 drawings of landing gear, 2 drawings of front skid assembly; 13 drawings of control assembly; 4 drawings of radiator details and one drawing of the fuel tank.
Biographical / Historical:
The Wright Model B was a one-man machine built by Wilbur and Orville Wright to be used for exhibition work. With a maximum length of 31 feet, maximum breadth of 39 feet and supporting surface of 500 square feet, its total weight was 1250 lbs. including aviator and passenger. The Model B's motor was a 30-35 h.p. 4 cylinder one. This set of drawings was a bicentennial project done in 1976 by members of the drafting departments of Fairmont East and Fairmont West High Schools in Kettering, Ohio.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0460, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airplanes  Search this
Wright (Co) Model B  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0460
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0460

Evan J. Parker Scrapbook

Creator:
Parker, Evan Jenkins, 1885-1966  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Strobel Dirigible Co  Search this
Parker, Evan Jenkins, 1885-1966  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic Feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Programs
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1908-1966
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a red scrapbook, with the following title: 'Pioneer Dirigible Flights 1908, 1910, 1911.' The scrapbook contains photographs, newspaper articles and programs documenting Parker's dirigible career and his involvement in the Early Birds.
Biographical / Historical:
Evan Jenkins Parker (1885-1966), a pioneer dirigible pilot, made his first solo flight in a dirigible at Hutchinson, Kansas in 1908 and until 1911 he barnstormed at county fairs in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. Parker worked for Strobel Dirigible, Co., where he both constructed and flew dirigibles which were propelled 300-400 feet above the ground by two-cylinder motorcycle engines. He had several close calls, including when the dirigible crashed into a roller coaster and electrical wires. When he was 27, Parker ended his professional flying career and went to work for Eastman Kodak Company. Parker was a member of the Early Birds.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Evan Parker, through the Early Birds, Gift, 1966?, XXXX-0348, Public Domain
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airships  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Programs
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0348
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0348

Phillips Ward Page Scrapbook

Creator:
Page, Phillips Ward, 1885-1917  Search this
Names:
Burgess Co and Curtis  Search this
Page, Phillips Ward, 1885-1917  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1911-1912
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a scrapbook on Phillips W. Page, which contains photographs and newspaper clippings on his career in 1911-1912.
Biographical / Historical:
Phillips Ward Page (1885-1917) was an active early pilot who assisted in the tests and development of some of the early Burgess aircraft, and taught many renowned civilian and military aviators to fly. As the Aviation Editor of the Boston Herald, Page was a passenger on several flight around Boston and the vicinity in the Spring of 1911. Page joined the Wright Flying School at Dayton, Ohio in July of 1911, and obtained his pilot license on 25 October 1911. In November of that year he started carrying passengers and flying exhibitions on week ends, flying around the New York vicinity. He became a full time instructor for the Burgess Company of Marblehead, Massachusetts on Burgess-Wright planes, and for the winter aviation school at Daytona FL. Besides his teaching obligations, Page was a contestant in air meets, made test flights of new military tractors, and took the first motion pictures of Boston from the air. In 1914, Page joined the U.S. Aviation Reserves, and enlisted as a Naval Aviator in April of 1917. He was an instructor at Squantum, Massachusetts Naval Base, before being assigned to duty in France. He drowned in the English Channel in a seaplane accident on 17 December 1917.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Dorothy Miller, Gift, 1990, 1990-0037, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Burgess Aircraft Family  Search this
Burgess-Wright Aircraft Family  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Flight training  Search this
Aeronautics, Military  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.1990.0037
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1990-0037

Wright 1903 Flyer "Operation Homecoming" Scrapbook

Creator:
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
National Air Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Science Museum of London  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Extent:
0.87 Cubic Feet ((1 flatbox))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Clippings
Correspondence
Programs
Scrapbooks
Date:
1948
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook chronicles the return of the Wright 1903 Flyer from the early negotiations with England to the reception following receipt of the aircraft. The scrapbook includes the following types of material: reception invitation and program; remarks from the reception; a letter sent by Harry Truman which was read during the reception; newspaper articles; and photographs, including shots of the curators setting up the display and hanging the aircraft in the National Air Museum in the North Hall of Arts and Industry Building.
Biographical / Historical:
After disagreements with the Smithsonian Institution, Orville Wright elected to loan his Wright 1903 Flyer to the Science Museum in England. Upon his death, an agreement was reached to return to aircraft to the United States where it would be housed by the National Air Museum.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Prepared by the National Air Museum, Transfer, unknown, XXXX-0393, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Clippings
Correspondence
Programs
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0393
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0393

Charles E. Taylor Collection

Creator:
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Names:
Wright-Martin Aircraft Co  Search this
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic Feet ((1 slim legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Biographies
Date:
1928-1966
bulk 1928-1956
Scope and Contents:
This accession includes Taylor's correspondence with his son, Rueben W. Taylor, (1928-1948), and the Garrison Machine Works, (1953-1956), makers of gears used in the Wright flyer engines. The letters to Rueben Taylor are originals, while the Garrison Machine Works correspondence are mostly xerox copies. Also included are brief biographical sketches of Taylor.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Edward Taylor (1868-1956), sometimes referred to as 'the first airplane mechanic,' worked intermittently from 1901 to 1920 for Orville and Wilbur Wright and the Wright-Martin Company. Born in Nebraska in 1868, Taylor built the first engine that powered an airplane in flight, a little four-cylnder, gasoline engine which was used in the Wright 1903 Flyer at Kitty Hawk on December 17, 1903.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Charles Edward Taylor, II, Gift, 1986, 1987-0006, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Airplanes -- Motors  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Biographies
Identifier:
NASM.1987.0006
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1987-0006

1903 Wright Flyer Drawings

Creator:
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Ford Motor Company.  Search this
Science Museum of London  Search this
Names:
Ford Motor Company.  Search this
National Air and Space Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Science Museum of London  Search this
Christman, Louis  Search this
Taylor, Charles Edward, 1868-1956  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
9.3 Cubic Feet ((3 48"x36"x3" drawers))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Date:
1928-1986
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of drawings of the 1903 Wright Flyer executed at various times during the life of the aircraft: Science Museum of London Drawings -- commissioned when the aircraft was on loan to the Museum; Ford Drawings -- sponsored by the Ford Motor Company which were supervised by Orville Wright and Charles Taylor; Christman Drawings -- drafted by Louis Christman who consulted with Orville Wright and other sources; and the National Air and Space Museum Drawings -- commissioned by the Museum during the 1985 restoration of the Wright 1903 Flyer. These drawings include three view drawings as well as both the airframe and engine components.
Biographical / Historical:
The Wright 1903 Flyer holds a special place in aviation history as the vehicle in which mankind first achieved controlled, powered, and sustained flight. The Wrights made no drawings of the aircraft when they originally built it and they continuously modified the craft during flight tests. The aircraft also underwent modifications due to damage suffered following its last flight, and the reconstruction work of 1916 and 1925-1927. Thus, there will always be some doubt about the exact configuration of the aircraft during the 1903 flights.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
NASM, Science Museum of London, Ford Museum, Gift/Transfer, 1986-0152, Some NASM
Restrictions:
Some restrictions on distribution.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Wright (Brothers) 1903 Flyer  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Identifier:
NASM.1986.0152
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1986-0152

E. D. "Hud" Weeks Collection

Creator:
Weeks, E. D. "Hud" (Evert D.)  Search this
Names:
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Allison, Lawrence M.  Search this
Arens, Charles A., 1895-1967  Search this
Brock, Walter L.  Search this
Hildesheim, Erik  Search this
Jones, Ernest La Rue, 1883-1955  Search this
Morehouse, Harold E., 1894-1973  Search this
Parker, Will D.  Search this
Tibbs, Burrell  Search this
Waterman, Walter D.  Search this
Weeks, E. D. "Hud" (Evert D.)  Search this
Extent:
1.09 Cubic Feet (1 records center box)
1.04 Linear Feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Publications
Diaries
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Date:
1907-1981
Summary:
Hud Weeks, pilot and restorer of early aircraft, exchanged correspondence with many early aviators and possessed a strong interest in the career of the exhibition pilot Lincoln Beachey.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists primarily of correspondence between E. D. "Hud" Weeks, a cosmetics manufacturer and aviation enthusiast from Des Moines, IO and various aviation personalities and members of the Early Birds, a not-for-profit organization established in 1928 and composed of persons who had piloted an aircraft or airship prior to 17 December 1916. The collection also includes material gathered by Weeks on early aeronautical events, both in the US and abroad. Included within this collection are newspaper articles on Lincoln Beachey's life and tragic death, a great deal of photographs of the daring aeronaut and correspondence between Hud Weeks and former colleagues of Beachey's such as Art Mix and Warren Eaton.
Arrangement note:
The E.D. "Hud" Weeks Collection contains approximately one cubic foot of material, including photographs, printed, typewritten and handwritten material. It was donated to the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) in two installments in 1985 (accessions 1 985-0004 and 1985-0006).

Original order of the materials, where identified, has been maintained.

Series in the collection are as follows: Series I: Personal Series II: Correspondence Series III: Lincoln Beachey Series IV: Oversized materials
Biographical/Historical note:
Evert D. "Hud" Weeks of Des Moines, Iowa, first learned to fly in 1930. It was an experience that would guide his future life. A cosmetics manufacturer by trade, Weeks devoted his spare time to the collection and restoration of antique aircraft and the recreation of pioneer aircraft. To further this avocation, Weeks entered into correspondence with many early aviators and fellow collectors. Several of these were Early Birds, members of an organization having the distinction of soloing before December 17, 1916. Weeks possessed a strong interest in the career of the exhibition pilot, Lincoln Beachey.
Provenance:
E. D. "Hud" Weeks, gift, 1985, 1985-0004
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Wright (Co) Model G Aeroboat  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Diaries
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Citation:
E. D. "Hud" Weeks Collection, Acc. 1985-0004, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1985.0004
See more items in:
E. D. "Hud" Weeks Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1985-0004
Additional Online Media:

Langley Experiments Scrapbooks

Creator:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Names:
Curtiss, Glenn Hammond, 1878-1930  Search this
Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Wright, Orville, 1871-1948  Search this
Wright, Wilbur, 1867-1912  Search this
Extent:
0.23 Cubic feet ((1 slim legal box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Date:
1914-1915
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two scrapbooks kept by Glenn H. Curtiss and filled with photographs of himself and Samuel Langley. The photos show the two men and their experiments with Langley's aircraft, the Langley Aerodrome. The trial flights were conducted on Lake Kewka, near Hammondsport, NY. Each photo is labeled with a caption and a date. The second (chronologically) book of the set is a continuation of the photos of the Langley experiments by Glenn H. Curtiss, and while the photos are numbered, they have no captions or labeling on them. Some dates are available on the photos. Curtiss' autograph appears inside the cover of one scrapbook.
Biographical / Historical:
Nine days before the Wright brothers' first successful flight, Smithsonian Secretary Samuel Langley had the trial for his steam-powered machine, called the Great Aerodrome. Heavily funded by the United States government, the Aerodrome broke apart almost immediately upon takeoff in a highly-publicized event, and Langley and the Smithsonian Institution suffered embarrassment over the incident. After Langley passed away in 1906, his successor, Charles Walcott, claimed that although Langley may not have flown that December morning the Aerodrome was certainly capable of it. Walcott's "proof" was in a rebuilt version of Langley's Aerodrome, which was later successfully flown by American airplane manufacturer Glenn Curtiss. Curtiss, who was engaged in a patent suit with the Wright brothers, rebuilt and flew Langley's Aerodrome with 1914 modifications with the hope of showing the courts that the Wrights did not invent the airplane. While Curtiss eventually lost the patent suit, the flight was used by the Smithsonian to redeem Langley's role in the history of flight.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
Glenn H. Curtiss, gift, unknown, XXXX-0294, NASM
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Aeronautics -- Law and legislation  Search this
Langley Aerodrome Family  Search this
Langley Aerodrome A (Great Aerodrome, Man-Carrying Aerodrome)  Search this
Langley Aerodrome A, Curtiss 1914 Rebuild  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0294
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0294

George A. Page Jr. Collection

Creator:
Page, George Augustus, Jr., 1892-1983  Search this
Names:
Aeromarine Plane & Motor Co  Search this
Aeronca (Aeronautical Corp of America)  Search this
American Trans Oceanic Co  Search this
Curtiss-Wright Corporation  Search this
Early Birds of Aviation (Organization).  Search this
Heinrich Aeroplane Co, Inc  Search this
Moisant Monoplane Co  Search this
Page, George Augustus, Jr., 1892-1983  Search this
Extent:
0.45 Cubic feet ((1 legal document box))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Correspondence
Logs (records)
Publications
Clippings
Date:
1921-1977
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of the following material documenting Page's aviation career: membership cards and licenses; log books; newspaper and magazine articles; biographical material; and photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
George Augustus Page (1892-1983) was an Early Bird and a pioneer aircraft designer. Page was issued his pilot's license in 1914 and went on to became an aeronautical engineer despite the fact that he had no formal training. Page began his aeronautical design career by working for small aviation companies -- Aeromarine Plane and Motor Co., Heinrich Aeroplane Company, Inc, and Moisant. Besides a brief time in 1919-1921, when Page was a mechanic and pilot for American Trans Oceanic Co. -- an early airline operation between Miami and Cuba, Page worked for Curtiss-Wright Air Plane Division from 1917 to 1951. Curtiss-Wright hired Page as director of engineering and in this position he directed production of 130 types of aircraft. One of Page's most famous designs was the C46 cargo plane use in the India-Burma-ChinaTheater during World War II. Page left Curtiss-Wright in 1951 to work for Aeronca, Inc.
Provenance:
Estate of George Page, Gift, unknown, XXXX-0126
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aircraft industry -- United States  Search this
Aircraft industry  Search this
Airplanes -- Design and construction  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Correspondence
Logs (records)
Publications
Clippings
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0126
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0126

James Vernon Martin Papers

Creator:
Martin, James Vernon, 1885-1956  Search this
Names:
Aeromarine Plane & Motor Co  Search this
Harvard Aeronautical Society  Search this
Harvard Boston Aero Meet  Search this
Manufacturers Aircraft Association  Search this
Martin Aeroplane Co (Martin, James Vernon)  Search this
Martin Aeroplane Factory (Martin, James Vernon)  Search this
United States. Merchant Marine  Search this
Martin, James Vernon, 1885-1956  Search this
Martin, Lilly Irvine  Search this
Extent:
2.25 Cubic Feet ((5 legal document boxes))
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Drawings
Financial records
Date:
1885-1956
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material documenting Martin's life. The material includes letters, photos, and documents relating to his Merchant Marine career and his aircraft and aeronautical inventions. Also included are documents pertaining to his conspiracy charges against the government and aircraft industry.
Biographical / Historical:
James Vernon Martin (1885-1956) was an aviator and inventor during the early days of aviation. He joined the Merchant Marine (1900) before attending the University of Virginia and Harvard (graduate degree, 1912). While at Harvard he organized the Harvard Aeronautical Society (1910), served as its first director, and, through the Society, organized the first international air meet in the United States (1910). He traveled to England in January 1911 for flight training and received Royal Aero Club F.A.I. Certificate #55. After returning to the U.S. in June 1911, he traveled the exhibition circuit (1911-13) before rejoining the Merchant Marine as commander of USS Lake Frey (1914). During 1915 he flew flight test for the Aeromarine Co. In 1917, he formed the Martin Aeroplane Company in Elyria, OH on the strength of nine aeronautical patents, including his automatic stabilizer (1916) and retractable landing gear (1916). In 1920 he moved the concern to Dayton, OH as Martin Enterprises and offered free use of his patents to the American aeronautical industry. He moved to Garden City (Long Island), NY in 1922, called the company the Martin Aeroplane Factory, and, two years later, sued the United States government and the Manufacturers Aeronautical Association, claiming that they conspired to monopolize the aviation industry. The suit was dismissed in 1926, but Martin continued to press his claims of collusion through the 1930s. During World War II he again returned to the sea, commanding a troop transport in the Pacific. Afterwards he tried to raise interest in a large catamaran flying boat, the Martin 'Oceanplane', but failed in the face of the growth in commercial trans-ocean service by conventional aircraft.
General:
NASMrev
Provenance:
No donor information, gift, unknown, XXXX-0162, unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics -- Law and legislation  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Aeronautics -- 1903-1916  Search this
Aircraft industry -- United States  Search this
Aircraft industry  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Publications
Drawings
Financial records
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0162
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0162

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