The Harmon Foundation, a philanthropic organization based in New York City and active from (1922-1967) included this portrait in their exhibition “Portraits of Outstanding Americans of Negro Origins” which documented noteworthy African Americans’ contributions to the country. Modeling their goal of social equality, the Harmon sought portraits from an African-American artist, Laura Wheeler Waring and Euro-American artist, Betsy Graves Reyneau. The two painters followed the conventional codes of academic portraiture, seeking to convey their sitters extraordinary accomplishments. This painting, along with a variety of educational materials, toured nation-wide for ten years serving as a visual rebuttal to racism.
William Ayers Campbell: Male
William Ayers Campbell: Education\Educator\Professor
William Ayers Campbell: Science and Technology\Aviator
William Ayers Campbell: Military\Air Force\Officer\Pilot
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Harmon Foundation
The Civil War wore Whitman out both physically and emotionally. By 1872, he was in decline, in ill health, and living alone in Camden, New Jersey. His best work was behind him, yet he labored to spread and enhance his reputation, both in America and worldwide.
This caricature of Whitman appeared in the Fifth Avenue Journal, which was published every Wednesday in New York City for a brief period. Whitman is shown as he appeared in his poems, not as he was at the time: still out on the open road, still vigorous, and sporting a jaunty fedora instead of his usual slouch hat. He was as avid for self-promotion and public recognition as ever. Dr. Silas W. Mitchell wrote that Whitman "was the most innocent and entirely vain creature I ever knew. The perfect story of his vanity will, I fancy, never be written. It was past belief."
Walt Whitman: Male
Walt Whitman: Literature\Writer\Poet
Walt Whitman: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper
Walt Whitman: Education\Educator\Teacher
Walt Whitman: Communications\Journalist\Reporter\Newspaper
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of John O'Brien