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Richard York Gallery records

view Richard York Gallery records digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Names:
Art Dealers Association of America.
De Forest, Lockwood, 1850-1932
Goldyne, Joseph R.
Hale, Ellen Day, 1855-1940
Hill, J. W. (John William), 1812-1879
Hill, John Henry, 1839-1922
Hornby, Lester George, 1882-1956
Lozowick, Louis, 1892-1973
Lucioni, Luigi, 1900-1988
MacRae, Emma Fordyce, 1887-1974
Mapplethorpe, Robert
Marin, John, 1870-1953
Marin, John, Jr. 1915?-1988
Smith, Houghton Cranford, 1887-1983
Stella, Joseph, 1877-1946
Stevens, Will Henry, 1881-1949
Wheeler, Steve, 1912-1992
York, Richard
Extent:
89.5 linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
circa 1865-2005
bulk 1981-2004
Summary:
The records of the Richard York Gallery, a New York gallery specializing in American art from early 1800s to 1950, measure 79.3 linear feet and date from circa 1865-2005, with the bulk of the material dating from 1981 to 2004. Three-fourths of the records are artists' artwork files, documenting the sale and consignment of nearly 6,500 works of art. The gallery's activities are also recorded through correspondence, client files, gallery invoices, inventories, business and financial records, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographic materials of artwork, and estate records for the John Marin estate and Sergio Stella estate (Joseph Stella). An addition of 10.2 linear feet, dated circa 1865 to 2005, includes artists' files arranged alphabetically containing printed material, clippings, exhibition announcements, and scattered correspondence and financial documents.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Richard York Gallery, a New York gallery specializing in American art from early 1800s to 1950, measure 79.3 linear feet and date from circa 1865-2005, with the bulk of the material dating from 1981 to 2004. Three-fourths of the records are artists' artwork files, documenting the sale and consignment of nearly 6,500 works of art. The gallery's activities are also recorded through correspondence, client files, gallery invoices, inventories, business and financial records, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographic materials of artwork, and estate records for the John Marin estate and Sergio Stella estate (Joseph Stella). An addition of 10.2 linear feet, dated circa 1865 to 2005, includes artists' files arranged alphabetically containing printed material, clippings, exhibition announcements, and scattered correspondence and financial documents.

Correspondence includes both incoming and outgoing correspondence with collectors, clients, galleries and museums, primarily regarding appraisals, consignments, exhibitions, general inquiries, loans, and sales. Also found are scattered transactional records, information sheets for artwork, and photographic materials. Correspondence from the mid-late 1980s is poorly represented.

The sale and consignment of nearly 6,500 pieces of artwork at the Richard York Gallery are documented through transactional records, photographic materials, correspondence, and scattered printed materials found in the Artists' Artwork Files. Artists for which there are significant quantities of materials (over 50 folders) include Joseph Goldyne, Ellen Day Hale, John Henry Hill, John William Hill, Lester George Hornby, Louis Lozowick, Luigi Lucioni, Emma Fordyce MacRae, John Marin, Joseph Stella, William Henry Stevens, and Steve Wheeler. Also included are the files of the Richard York photography collection, which contained works by Robert Mapplethorpe.

Similar to the Artists' Artwork Files, Client Files document the sale and consignment of artwork, but are arranged by artist's and client's name. Materials found are primarily from the early 1990s and include correspondence, notes, photographic materials, photocopied client information cards, and printed materials.

The Richard York Gallery represented the John Marin estate and the Sergio Stella estate (Joseph Stella). The records of the John Marin estate are primarily artwork in-take sheets from 1998 and inventory lists from 2001. The Sergio Stella Estate records include correspondence, inventories of artwork by Joseph Stella, and some photographic materials.

Sales and inventory records contain a nearly complete set of gallery invoices from 1995-2000, and 2004. Inventories includes gallery inventory lists, and inventory cards of sold artwork from 1981-1997 (bulk 1981-1991).

The business and financial records include accounting records, bank deposit records, corporate records, index cards for contacts, invoices for gallery expenses, materials related to Richard York's involvement in the ADAA, mailing lists, records of payments to consignors, receipts, shipping records, and tax records. The gallery migrated from paper records to Artbase, an artwork management system, around 2000-2002. Included are two CDs of database data and digital images from Artbase, as well as inventories of the digital file names.

Printed materials contain advertising tear sheets from 1998-2002, exhibition catalogs, magazine and newspaper clippings of reviews and announcements, and other miscellaneous printed materials. Printed materials are also found in eight scrapbooks which document the activities of the Richard York Gallery, Richard York, and the gallery's exhibitions from 1981-2002. Materials in the scrapbooks include clippings, correspondence, photographs, exhibition catalogs, announcements, and invitations.

Photographic materials includes color photographs, transparencies, digital prints, and scattered printed materials, as well as over 600 slides of artwork, primarily works of art which were sold or consigned by the gallery. Artists for which there is significant volume of transparencies include Houghton Cranford Smith and Lockwood de Forest, Sr.

Materials with dates prior to 1981 in this collection are primarily research materials for works of art, such as printed materials, correspondence, and transparencies, as well as some artwork artifacts, such as back labels.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 9 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1975-2005 (Boxes 1-7; 6.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Artists' Artwork Files, circa 1865-2004 (Boxes 7-64; 56.85 linear feet)

Series 3: Client Files, 1965, circa 1981-circa 2004 (Box 64; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 4: Estate Records, 1983-circa 2004 (Boxes 64-65; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 5: Sales and Inventory Records, 1977-2004 (Boxes 65-70; 5.0 linear feet)

Series 6: Business and Financial Records, 1974-2005 (Boxes 70-77; 6.25 linear feet)

Series 7: Printed Materials, 1980-2004 (Boxes 77-78; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 8: Scrapbooks, 1981-2002 (Boxes 78, 80; 1.0 linear feet)

Series 9: Photographic Materials, 1977-2004 (Boxes 78-79; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 10: Unprocessed Addition, circa 1865-2005 (Boxes 81-91; 10.2 linear feet)
Historical Note:
Richard T. York (circa 1950-2003) opened his eponymous gallery in the spring of 1981 on East 65th Street in New York City. Specializing in American painting and sculpture from early 1800s to 1950, the Richard York Gallery dealt in the artwork of hundreds of artists including Albert Bierstadt, Charles Demuth, Arthur Dove, Lockwood de Forest, John Graham, Georgia O'Keeffe, John Singer Sargent, Charles Sheeler, and Steve Wheeler. It also represented the estates of artists John Marin and Joseph Stella.

Richard York passed away in April 2003, and the gallery closed in May 2004.
Provenance:
The Richard York Gallery records were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2006 by Kevin Scott, the executor of Richard York's estate; and in 2015 by Lisa Bush Hankin, former gallery director.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Art galleries, Commercial--New York (State)--New York
Art, American
Art--Economic aspects
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.richyorg
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-richyorg

Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004

view Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Subject:
Lucioni, Luigi
Wheeler, Steve
Mapplethorpe, Robert
Stella, Joseph
MacRae, Emma Fordyce
Hale, Ellen Day
Goldyne, Joseph R.
York, Richard T.
Stevens, Will Henry
De Forest, Lockwood
Hornby, Lester George
Marin, John
Smith, Houghton Cranford
Hill, John Henry
Marin, John
Hill, J. W. (John William),
Lozowick, Louis
Art Dealers Association of America
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
89.5 linear feet
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Summary:
The records of the Richard York Gallery, a New York gallery specializing in American art from early 1800s to 1950, measure 79.3 linear feet and date from circa 1865-2005, with the bulk of the material dating from 1981 to 2004. Three-fourths of the records are artists' artwork files, documenting the sale and consignment of nearly 6,500 works of art. The gallery's activities are also recorded through correspondence, client files, gallery invoices, inventories, business and financial records, printed materials, scrapbooks, photographic materials of artwork, and estate records for the John Marin estate and Sergio Stella estate (Joseph Stella).
Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Funding:
Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by Smithsonian Institution's Collections Care Fund.
Biography Note:
Richard York Gallery (established 1981; closed 2004) was an art gallery, New York, New York. Founded in New York's Upper East Side in 1981 by Richard York. The gallery handled the estates of John Marin and Joseph Stella, among other prominent American artists. Specializes in late 19th and early 20th century American art. York was also an important dealer in the secondary market, and the records testify to the art boom of the 1980s.
Provenance:
The Richard York Gallery records were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2006 by Kevin Scott, the executor of Richard York's estate and in 2015 by Lisa Bush Hankin, former gallery director.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Scrapbooks
Art, American
Photographs
Art
Art galleries, Commercial
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13607
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)270662
AAA_collcode_richyorg
Theme:
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_270662
Additional Online Media:

Richard York Gallery

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Container:
Box 79, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1981-2004
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref7009

Exhibition Catalogs, Richard York Gallery

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(2 folders)
Container:
Box 77, Folder 16-17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980-1989
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6960

Exhibition Catalogs, Richard York Gallery

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(5 folders)
Container:
Box 77, Folder 18-22
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1990-1999
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6961

Exhibition Catalogs, Richard York Gallery

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(3 folders)
Container:
Box 77, Folder 23-25
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2000-2004
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6962

Richard York Gallery Scrapbook (1981-1985)

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(2 folders)
Container:
Box 78, Folder 11-12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1981-1985
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6986

Richard York Gallery Scrapbook (1985-1989)

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Container:
Box 78, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1985-1989
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6987

Richard York Gallery Scrapbook (October 2000- )

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(2 folders)
Container:
Box 78, Folder 22-23
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2000-2002
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6993

Richard York Gallery Scrapbook (1994-1997)

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(Oversized material housed in Box 80)
Container:
Box 78, Folder 18
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1994-1997
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6990

Richard York Gallery Scrapbook (1997-1999)

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(2 folders)
Container:
Box 78, Folder 19-20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1987, 1994-1999
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6991

Richard York Gallery Scrapbook (June 1999-Present)

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Container:
Box 78, Folder 21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1999-2000
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6992

Richard York Gallery Scrapbook (1994-1997)

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(2 folders, Oversized material from Box 78, Folder 18)
Container:
Box 80 (sol), Folder 1-2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1994-1997
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6994

Richard York Gallery Scrapbook (Winter 90-Spring 92)

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(2 folders)
Container:
Box 78, Folder 14-15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1990-1992
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6988

Richard York Gallery Scrapbook (Spring 92-Spring 94)

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(2 folders)
Container:
Box 78, Folder 16-17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1992-1994
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6989

Werner Drewes papers, 1838-2015, bulk 1890-1990

view Werner Drewes papers, 1838-2015, bulk 1890-1990 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Drewes, Werner, 1899-1985
Subject:
Kandinsky, Wassily
Schrag, Karl
Hélion, Jean
Fitz-Gerald, Clark B. (Clark Battle),
Osver, Arthur
Feininger, T. Lux
Eldred, Thomas
Drewes, Mary Louis
Marcks, Gerhard
Boccia, Edward
Urban, Albert
Richard York Gallery
Smithsonian Institution
Place of publication, production, or execution:
United States
Physical Description:
15.6 linear feet
Access Note / Rights:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Summary:
The papers of painter, printmaker, designer, and teacher, Werner Drewes, measure 15.6 linear feet and date from 1838-2004, with the bulk of the material dating from the 1890s-1990s. The papers document Drewes' life and career through biographical and family material; correspondence with family members, artists, galleries, and art institutions and organizations; scattered teaching notes and writings including a diary; catalogs and inventories of artwork; three scrapbooks; printed material; 38 sketchbooks, loose sketches, and prints; and photographs of Drewes, his family, friends and colleagues, exhibitions, travels, and works of art. Also found are scattered papers of Drewes' second wife, Maria Drewes.
Citation:
Werner Drewes papers, 1838-2015, bulk 1890-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Additional Forms:
Microfilm reels 1497-1498 available at Archives of American Art offices and through interlibrary loan.
Funding:
Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Biography Note:
Painter, printmaker and designer Werner Drewes (1899-1985) was born in Canig, Germany, and emigrated to the United States in 1930. Lived in Reston, Virginia.
Language Note:
Collection is in English and German.
Provenance:
The Werner Drewes papers were donated in 2005 by Werner Drewes' sons Wolfram U. Drewes, Harald D. Drewes, and Bernard W. Drewes. Some material had been previously loaned for microfilming in 1979, and was subsequently included in the 2005 gift. 4 additional items were donated by Karen E. D. Seibert in 2015.
Location Note:
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 750 9th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20001
Topic:
Prints
Diaries
Printmakers
Art
Painters
Designers
Sketchbooks
Scrapbooks
Photographs
Interviews
Greeting cards
Educators
Transcripts
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7599
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209761
AAA_collcode_drewwern
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209761
Additional Online Media:

Werner Drewes papers

view Werner Drewes papers digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Drewes, Werner, 1899-1985
Names:
Richard York Gallery
Smithsonian Institution.
Boccia, Edward, 1921-2012
Drewes, Maria
Eldred, Thomas
Feininger, T. Lux
Fitz-Gerald, Clark B., (Clark Battle), 1917-2004
Hélion, Jean, 1904-1987
Kandinsky, Wassily, 1866-1944
Marcks, Gerhard
Osver, Arthur, 1912-2006
Schrag, Karl
Urban, Albert
Extent:
15.6 linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1838-2015
bulk 1890-1990
Summary:
The papers of painter, printmaker, designer, and teacher, Werner Drewes, measure 15.6 linear feet and date from 1838-2015, with the bulk of the material dating from the 1890s-1990s. The papers document Drewes' life and career through biographical and family material; correspondence with family members, artists, galleries, and art institutions and organizations; scattered teaching notes and writings including a diary; catalogs and inventories of artwork; three scrapbooks; printed material; 38 sketchbooks, loose sketches, and prints; and photographs of Drewes, his family, friends and colleagues, exhibitions, travels, and works of art. Also found are scattered papers of Drewes' second wife, Maria Drewes.
Scope and Contents note:
The papers of painter, printmaker, designer, and teacher, Werner Drewes, measure 15.6 linear feet and date from 1838-2015, with the bulk of the material dating from the 1890s-1990s. The papers document Drewes' life and career through biographical and family material; correspondence with family members, artists, galleries, and art institutions and organizations; scattered teaching notes and writings including a diary; catalogs and inventories of artwork; three scrapbooks; printed material; 38 sketchbooks, loose sketches, and prints; and photographs of Drewes, his family, friends and colleagues, exhibitions, travels, and works of art. Also found are scattered papers of Drewes' second wife, Maria Drewes.

Biographical material documents Drewes' family history through family trees and biographical notes made by family members, and also includes 3 of Drewes' passports, some student and military records, resumés, and a partial interview transcript.

Correspondence is with family members; artists including Ed Boccia, Thomas Eldred, T. Lux Feininger, Clark Fitzgerald, Wassily Kandinsky, Jean Helion, Gerhard Marcks, Arthur Osver, Karl Schrag, and Albert Urban; and galleries and art organizations and institutions such as Richard York Gallery, the Smithsonian Institution, and others. Correspondence also relates to the Drewes estate, as well as to loans, exhibitions and sales of artwork.

Notes and writings include a diary kept by Drewes between 1918-1920 in Europe, a "love letter" in verse form written by Drewes to his first wife, Margaret, some teaching notes and notes on design, and 2 essays about Drewes written by others.

Catalogs and inventory records provide comprehensive documentation of the artwork Drewes created over the course of his career. Entries include titles, assigned numbers, subjects, dimensions, media used, and sketches or photos of artwork.

Three scrapbooks provide scattered documentation of Drewes' life and career, and include clippings from the 1920s and 1930s, and a scrapbook created by Maria Drewes for her husband's memorial service.

Printed material includes event announcements and exhibition catalogs, as well as news clippings tracing Drewes' career from the 1920s to the 1980s.

Artwork consists of greeting cards made by Drewes, as well as 38 sketchbooks and numerous loose sketches in pencil, ink, watercolor, and crayon.

Photographic material includes vintage family photographs, prints, negatives, slide tranparencies, and 8 glass plate negatives, of Drewes, his family and friends, events including exhibitions and travels, and artwork.

Found in Maria Drewes' papers are correspondence, 17 diaries primarily documenting travels with Werner Drewes, two scrapbooks with designs for jewelry, and photos of family, friends and jewelry.
Arrangement note:
Series 1: Biographical Material, 1838-1980s (0.4 linear feet; Boxes 1, 16)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1878-2004 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, 16)

Series 3: Notes and Writings, 1922-2002 (0.5 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 4: Catalogs and Inventory Records, circa 1919-circa 1980s (2.3 linear feet; Boxes 2-6)

Series 5: Scrapbooks, 1920s-1985 (3 folders; Box 5)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1897-2015 (1 linear feet; Boxes 5-6)

Series 7: Artwork and Sketchbooks, circa 1890s-2002 (3.67 linear feet; Boxes 6-9, 16-17)

Series 8: Photographic Material, circa 1890s-2000 (5.53 linear feet; Boxes 9-14, 17, MGP 2)

Series 9: Mary (Maria) Louise Lischer Drewes Papers, 1930s-1980s (1 linear foot; Box 15)

Many of the records were assigned color-coded alpha-numeric labels prior to donation. In series where these labeling systems predominate, material has been arranged according to those systems and all previously assigned labels are indicated in the Container Listing. Many folder titles are taken from the original labels. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.

The collection is arranged as 9 series.
Biographical/Historical note:
Painter, printmaker and designer Werner Drewes (1899-1985) was born in Canig, Germany, and immigrated to the United States in 1930. A student of the Bauhaus, and a prolific artist and teacher, Drewes worked with many kinds of media and produced numerous woodcuts, etchings, oils, watercolors, drawings and collages over the course of his life.

Drewes served for two years on Germany's Western Front during World War 1, before studying at the Bauhaus, Weimar, from 1921-1922. He then traveled throughout Europe, Asia and North and South America with his wife Margaret before returning to Germany in 1927 and enrolling at the Bauhaus, Dessau. During his time there Drewes forged his artistic ideas from the radical influences of renowned architects and artists including Lyonel Feininger, Johannes Itten, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and Oscar Schlemmer, and learned the Bauhaus teaching approach that would serve him throughout his career. In 1930 Drewes, Margaret, and their 2 young sons emigrated to the United States and settled in New York City where Drewes attended the Art Students League. From 1935-1936 he taught drawing and printmaking at the Brooklyn Museum School as an employee of the Works Progress Administration Federal Art Project (WPA FAP). In 1936 he became a founding member of American Abstract Artists and the following year joined the American Artists' Congress and became an American citizen. From 1937-1940 he taught painting and printmaking at Columbia University.

In the early 1940s Drewes taught at the Master Institute in Riverside Museum, New York City, and worked as a technical supervisor for the Graphic Art Division of the FAP. From 1944-1945 he worked at Stanley William Hayter's Atelier 17 improving his intaglio technique and then teaching design, printmaking and photography at Brooklyn College. In 1946 he taught design at the Institute of Design in Chicago before being appointed Professor of Design at the School of Fine Arts of Washington University in Saint Louis, where he continued to teach until his retirement in 1965.

Following Margaret's death in 1959, Drewes married jewelry designer and fellow professor of Washington University, Mary (Maria) Louise Lischer in 1960. On Drewes' retirement he and Maria moved to Pennsylvania where he continued to paint, focusing primarily on still lifes and landscapes. He moved to Washington in 1972 and published his American Indians portfolio, before finally setting in Reston, Virginia, where the Rose Catalog of his prints was published and where he lived as a working and exhibiting artist until his death in 1985.

In October 1984 a comprehensive retrospective, Sixty-Five Years of Printmaking, was held at the then named Smithsonian's National Museum of American Art. Drewes' work can be found in the collections of the Brooklyn Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Museum of Modern Art, National Gallery of Art, New York Public Library, Smithsonian American Art Museum, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Provenance:
The Werner Drewes papers were donated in 2005 by Werner Drewes' sons Wolfram U. Drewes, Harald D. Drewes, and Bernard W. Drewes. 4 additional items were donated by Karen Seibert, Drewes granddaughter, in 2015. Some material had been previously loaned for microfilming in 1979, and was subsequently included in the 2005 gift.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center. Glass plate negatives are housed separately and closed to researchers.
Rights:
The Werner Drewes papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Note:
Designers--Virginia
Painters--Virginia--Reston
Printmakers--Virginia--Reston
Topic:
Art--Study and teaching
Educators--Virginia
Greeting cards
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Transcripts
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Photographs
Prints
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Werner Drewes papers, 1838-2015, bulk 1890-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.drewwern
See more items in:
Werner Drewes papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-drewwern

Scrapbooks

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(Boxes 78, 80; 1.0 linear feet)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1981-2002
Note:
Eight scrapbooks document the activities of the Richard York Gallery, Richard York, and the gallery's exhibitions from 1981-2002. Materials include clippings, correspondence, photographs, exhibition catalogs, announcements, and invitations. Scrapbooks were disassembled and materials were kept in their original order.
Note:
Folders are arranged chronologically.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.richyorg, Series 8
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6985

Estate Records

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(Boxes 64-65; 1.0 linear feet)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1983-circa 2004
Note:
The Richard York Gallery represented the John Marin estate and the Sergio Stella estate (Joseph Stella).
Note:
The series is arranged as 2 subseries:

4.1: John Marin Estate, 1998-2002

4.2: Sergio Stella Estate (Joseph Stella), 1983-circa 2004
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.richyorg, Series 4
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref6654

A-Z [2001 Correspondence Binders]

Collection Creator:
Richard York Gallery
Extent:
(Disassembled binders)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 18-41
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1993-2003
Note:
A-H [Binder 1], 1999-2001 (8 folders)

H-R [Binder 2], 1993-2003 (10 folders)

S-Z [Binder 3], 1999-2001 (6 folders)
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Richard York Gallery records are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Collection Citation:
Richard York Gallery records, circa 1865-2005, bulk 1981-2004. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Richard York Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-richyorg-ref20

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