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Amelia Earhart

Artist:
Edith A. Scott, 1877 - 20 May 1978
Sitter:
Amelia Mary Earhart, 24 Jul 1897 - c. 2 Jul 1937
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
96.2cm x 70.8cm (37 7/8" x 27 7/8"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1932
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Scarf
Amelia Mary Earhart: Science and Technology\Aviator
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.75.33
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Amelia Earhart

Artist:
Alexandrina Robertson Harris, born Aberdeen, Scotland 1886-died New York City 1978
Sitter:
Amelia Earhart
Medium:
watercolor on ivory
Dimensions:
4 1/4 x 3 1/2 in. (10.8 x 8.9 cm) rectangle
Type:
Painting-Miniature
Date:
ca. 1935
Description:
Amelia Earhart (1897-1937) is known as much for her mysterious disappearance during an attempt to fly around the world as for her pioneering accomplishments. Born in Atchison, Kansas, Earhart bought her first plane in 1921. In 1929 she organized an all-women’s air race from Los Angeles to Cleveland, which Will Rogers dubbed the “Powder Puff Derby,” and with a group of women pilots was a founder and first president of the Ninety-Nines, the first professional women pilots’ organization. In 1932 she became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, five years to the day after Lindbergh had been the first man to do so. Three years later she flew a solo transpacific flight from Hawaii to California, for which President Roosevelt remarked, "You have scored again . . . (and) shown even the ‘doubting Thomases’ that aviation is a science which cannot be limited to men only." In 1937 she and navigator Fred Noonan embarked on a planned flight around the world; but on July 2, Earhart’s plane disappeared over the Pacific Ocean, and neither she nor her plane was ever found.
Topic:
Occupation\transportation\pilot
Portrait female\bust
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Alexandrina Bruce
Object number:
1967.8.1
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum

Amelia Earhart

Artist:
Artcraft Studio
Sitter:
Amelia Mary Earhart, 24 Jul 1897 - c. 2 Jul 1937
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 24.2 × 19 cm (9 1/2 × 7 1/2")
Mount: 25.3 × 20.2 cm (9 15/16 × 7 15/16")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1935
Topic:
Exterior
Exterior
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Glove\Gloves
Baggage & Luggage\Bag\Purse
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Scarf
Vehicle\Airplane
Amelia Mary Earhart: Science and Technology\Aviator
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mrs. J.J. Haher
Object number:
S/NPG.79.73
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Earhart, Amelia; Lockheed Model 10-E Electra, Earhart Aircraft (NR16020). [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Subject:
Earhart, Amelia 1897-1937
Type:
Photographs
Records
Date:
6/2/1937
Summary:
View of Amelia Earhart climbing out of the cockpit of her Lockheed 10E Electra (r/n NR-16020) at Caripito Airport, Caripito, Venezuela, on arrival from San Juan, Puerto Rico, June 2, 1937.
Topic:
Women air pilots
Aeronautics
Aircraft
Airplanes
Lockheed Model 10-E Electra, Earhart Aircraft (NR16020)
Local number:
NASM-2009-31378
Restrictions:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Earhart, Amelia. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Subject:
Earhart, Amelia 1897-1937
Type:
Two-dimensional graphics
Summary:
Full length standing photo of Amelia Earhart dressed in flight jacket, helmet and goggles. Handwritten note at lower right corner reads: Amelia Earhart. Given by her Mother, 1940.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Local number:
NASM-00157956
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Mary E. "Mother" Tusch Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Earhart, Amelia. [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Subject:
Earhart, Amelia 1897-1937
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Jun-32
Summary:
"A. E., ell'arriva alla stazione di Milano, proveniente da Parigi nel giugno 1932." [Amelia Eahart arrives at the Milan station, coming from Paris in June 1932.] View of Amelia Earhart looking from the window of a railroad car as she arrives at Milan; taken during her visit to Italy following her successful solo transatlantic flight the previous month.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Women air pilots
Local number:
NASM-9A08505
Restrictions:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Cataloged Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Amelia Earhart

Artist:
Peter A. Juley, 1862 - 1937
Other attribution:
Paul P. Juley
Studio:
Peter A. Juley & Son, active 1896 - 1975
Sitter:
Amelia Mary Earhart, 24 Jul 1897 - c. 2 Jul 1937
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
24.2cm x 19.4cm (9 1/2" x 7 5/8"), Image
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1932
Topic:
Amelia Mary Earhart: Science and Technology\Aviator
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Edith A. Scott
Object number:
NPG.75.82
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Amelia Earhart signed cover

Scott Catalogue USA C7
Recipient:
Amelia Earhart, American, 1898 - 1937
Medium:
paper; ink ( ); adhesive
Dimensions:
Height x Width: 4 x 8 in. (10.16 x 20.32 cm)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place:
United States of America
Date:
July 9, 1928
Description:
Boston Commemorative airmail cover signed by Amelia Earhart, Lou Gordon and W.L. Stultz. Addressed to Amelia Earhart, Boston, MA. US stamp affixed, Scott C7. From Album 1 of the collection.
Object number:
0.279483.1.6.1
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Additional Online Media:

Amelia Earhart

Artist:
Underwood & Underwood, active 1880 - c. 1950
Sitter:
Honorable Amy Phipps Guest
Louis E. Gordon, 1901 - 1964
Amelia Mary Earhart, 24 Jul 1897 - c. 2 Jul 1937
Wilmer A. Stultz, 1900 - 1929
Lucia Marion Foster Welch, ? - 1940
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 19.3 x 24.4 cm (7 5/8 x 9 5/8")
Sheet: 20.2 x 25.2 cm (7 15/16 x 9 15/16")
Mat: 35.6 x 45.7 cm (14 x 18")
Type:
Photograph
Place:
United Kingdom\England\Hampshire\Southampton
Date:
1928
Exhibition Label:
The arrival of the Friendship in England
By 1928 Earhart was living in Boston, where she worked at a settlement house for immigrants. She continued to fly on weekends and also served as a sales representative for Kinner aircraft. That April she received a telephone call that would change her life forever. Amy Guest (1873–1959), a wealthy American who lived in England, had recently bought a trimotor plane that she named the Friendship and wished to underwrite a transatlantic flight. Charles Lindbergh had completed the first solo flight across the Atlantic a year earlier, and Guest wanted to see a woman make headlines for a similar feat. Guest was going to make the trip herself until her family objected because of the risk. Instead, she offered the opportunity to Earhart. This photograph was taken in Southampton, England, after the successful completion of that flight. It features (left to right) Guest, the three transatlantic flyers—mechanic Lewis Gordon (1901–1964), Earhart, and pilot Wilmer Stultz (1900–1929)—and the local mayor.
Topic:
Clothing & Apparel\Jewelry\Necklace
Clothing & Apparel\Dress Accessory\Headgear\Hat
Nature & Environment\Plant\Flower\Rose
Clothing & Apparel\Accouterment\Feather
Vehicle\Boat\Rowboat
Equipment\Goggles
Exterior\Port
Amelia Mary Earhart: Science and Technology\Aviator
Wilmer A. Stultz: Science and Technology\Aviator
Wilmer A. Stultz: Military\Air Force\Officer\Pilot
Louis E. Gordon: Science and Technology\Aviator
Lucia Marion Foster Welch: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor
Portrait
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of George R. Rinhart, in memory of Joan Rinhart
Object number:
NPG.2011.77.1
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery

Goggles, Flying, Amelia Earhart

Owner:
Amelia Earhart
Manufacturer:
Protector
Materials:
Steel, glass, and elastic
Dimensions:
3-D: 19.1 x 2.5 x 5.1cm (7 1/2 x 1 x 2 in.)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Helmets & Headwear
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
ca. 1920-1930s
Physical Description:
Metal frame with leather padding and adjustable elastic band.
Summary:
Amelia Earhart wore these flight goggles as she competed in the 1929 Women's National Air Derby, one of the first air races for women. She did not wear them for very long, however: the goggles were taken from her airplane during a stop at San Bernardino, California shortly after the race began in Santa Monica. They were later found with the lenses missing. Accompanying the goggles were a program from the Women's Air Derby and a note addressed to Earhart verifying her as the goggles' original owner. In 1957 the goggles, race program, and note were all donated to the Smithsonian.
Long Description:
Amelia Earhart is probably the most famous female pilot in aviation history, an accolade due both to her aviation career and to her mysterious disappearance. On May 20-21, 1932, Earhart became the first woman, and the second person after Charles Lindbergh, to fly nonstop and solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Flying a red Lockheed Vega 5B, she left Harbor Grace, Newfoundland, Canada, and landed about 15 hours later near Londonderry, Northern Ireland. The feat made Earhart an instant worldwide sensation and proved she was a courageous and able pilot. Then, on August 24-25, she made the first solo, nonstop flight by a woman across the United States, from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey, establishing a women's record of 19 hours and 5 minutes and setting a women's distance record of 2,447 miles.
Born in Atchison, Kansas, on July 24, 1897, Amelia Earhart displayed an independent style from childhood, including keeping a scrapbook on accomplished women, taking an auto repair course, and attending college (but never graduating). She attended her first flying exhibition in 1918 while serving as a Red Cross nurse's aide in Toronto, Canada. She took her first flight in California in December 1920, with veteran flyer Frank Hawks, and declared, "As soon as I left the ground, I knew I myself had to fly." Her first instructor was Anita "Neta" Snook who gave her lessons in a Curtiss Jenny. To pay for flight lessons, Earhart worked as a telephone company clerk and photographer. Earhart soloed in 1921, bought her first airplane, a Kinner Airster, in 1922 and wasted no time in setting a women's altitude record of 14,000 feet. In 1923, Earhart became the 16th woman to receive an official Fédération Aéronautique Internationale pilot license.
Earhart moved to east to be near her sister and mother, and, after a second year at Columbia University in New York City, began working in Boston at the Denison Settlement House as a social worker with immigrant families. In the spring of 1928, she was flying at Dennison Airport, and had joined the local National Aeronautic Association, when she was offered the opportunity of a lifetime: to become the first woman to fly across the Atlantic as a passenger.
Amy Phipps Guest owned the Fokker F.VII Friendship and wanted to make the flight but when her family objected, she asked aviator Richard Byrd and publisher/publicist George Putnam to find "the right sort of girl" for the trip. On June 17, 1928, Earhart and pilots Wilmer Stultz and Lou Gordon departed Trepassey, Newfoundland and, though promised time at the controls of the tri-motor, she was never given the opportunity to fly the aircraft during the 20-hour 40-minute flight to Burry Point, Wales. She did get in the pilot's seat for a time on the final hop to Southampton, England.
The dramatic 1928 flight brought her international attention and the opportunity to earn a living in aviation. Putnam became her manager and she began lecturing and writing on aviation around the country. In August of 1929, she placed third in the All-Women's Air Derby, behind Louise Thaden and Gladys O'Donnell, which was the first transcontinental air race for women (from Santa Monica, California to Cleveland, Ohio) and a race she helped organize. This race, closely followed by the press and by the public who flocked to the stops along the way, proved that women could fly in rugged and competitive conditions.
A few months after the Derby, a group of women pilots decided to form an organization for social, recruitment, and business purposes. Ninety-nine women, out of 285 licensed U.S. female pilots, became charter members, inspiring the organization's name, The Ninety-Nines (99s); Earhart became their first president. Female pilots were keenly aware of the lack of social and economic independence for all women and were determined to help one another.
In 1930, after only 15 minutes of instruction, Earhart became the first woman to fly an autogiro, made by Pitcairn and featuring rotating blades to increase lift and allow short takeoffs and landings. Earhart set the first autogiro altitude record and made two autogiro cross-country tours, which were marked by three public "crack-ups," as she called them. Though Earhart was the most famous woman pilot, she was not the most skilled.
Determined to prove herself, Earhart decided to fly the Atlantic Ocean again, but this time alone. She thought a transatlantic flight would bring her respect, something other women sought, too - Ruth Nichols made an attempt in 1931, crashing in Canada, but she was planning another attempt when Earhart succeeded. During her 2,026-mile nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic on May 20-21, 1932, Earhart fought fatigue, a leaky fuel tank, and a cracked manifold that spewed flames out the side of the engine cowling. Ice formed on the Vega's wings and caused an unstoppable 3,000-foot descent to just above the waves. Realizing she was on a course far north of France, she landed in a farmer's field in Culmore, near Londonderry, Northern Ireland. Acclaimed in London, Paris, and Rome, she returned home to a ticker tape parade in New York City and honors in Washington, D.C. By July and August she was back in the Vega for her transcontinental flight.
On January 11-12, 1935, Amelia Earhart became the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to the U.S. mainland, this time in a Lockheed 5C Vega. Although some called it a publicity stunt for Earhart and Hawaiian sugar plantation promoters, it was a dangerous 2,408-mile flight that had already claimed several lives. Of that flight she remarked: "I wanted the flight just to contribute. I could only hope one more passage across that part of the Pacific would mark a little more clearly the pathway over which an air service of the future will inevitably ply." Later that year, Earhart made record flights from Los Angeles to Mexico City and from Mexico City to Newark, New Jersey. She also placed fifth in the 1935 Bendix Race. Earhart was a two-time Harmon Trophy winner and was also the recipient of the U.S. Distinguished Flying Cross.
Earhart became the first woman vice president of the National Aeronautic Association, which authorized official records and races. She persuaded the organization to establish separate female records because women did not have the money or planes - and thus the experience - to fairly compete against men for "world" titles. Earhart served as a partner in the Transcontinental Air Transport and Ludington Airlines and lobbied Congress for aviation legislation. She promoted the safety and efficiency of air travel to women, on the premise that they would influence men. She tirelessly lectured across the country on the subjects of aviation and women's issues and wrote for Cosmopolitan and various magazines. She wrote about her flights and career in 20 Hours and 40 Minutes, The Fun of It, and Last Flight, which was published after her disappearance.
Earhart married George Putnam in 1931 - hesitantly - on the condition that they would separate in a year if unhappy. Though some called it a marriage of convenience, they remained together.
Earhart designed a line of "functional" women's clothing, including dresses, blouses, pants, suits, and hats, initially using her own sewing machine, dress form, and seamstress. Though "tousle-haired" and rather thin, she photographed well and modeled her own designs for promotional spreads.
Earhart also designed a line of lightweight, canvas-covered plywood luggage sold by Orenstein Trunk of Newark, New Jersey. Earhart luggage was sold into the 1990s and featured an Amelia Earhart luggage key, prompting some people to believe they possessed her "personal" aircraft or suitcase key.
In 1935, Earhart became a visiting professor at Purdue University at the invitation of Purdue president Edward Elliott, an advocate of higher education for women, especially in engineering and science. Earhart, a former premedical student, served as a counselor for women and a lecturer in aeronautics. Elliott was also interested in supporting Earhart's flying career and convinced Purdue benefactors to purchase a twin-engine Lockheed 10-E Electra for her. Many companies contributed their latest aviation technology to her Flying Laboratory.
Earhart decided to make a world flight and she planned a route as close to the equator as possible, which meant flying several long overwater legs to islands in the Pacific Ocean. On March 20, 1937, Earhart crashed on takeoff at Luke Field, Honolulu, Hawaii, ending her westbound world flight that had begun at Oakland, California. The Electra was returned to Lockheed Aircraft Company in Burbank, California, for extensive repairs. On June 1, 1937, Earhart began an eastbound around-the-world flight from Oakland, via Miami, Florida, in the Electra with Fred Noonan as her navigator. They reached Lae, New Guinea on June 29, having flown 22,000 miles with 7,000 more to go to Oakland. They then departed Lae on July 2 for the 2,556-mile flight to their next refueling stop, Howland Island, a two-mile long and less-than-a-mile wide dot in the Pacific Ocean.
Unfortunately, due to various circumstances, Earhart and the U.S. Coast Guard cutter Itasca, anchored off shore of Howland, could not complete any direct two-way radio communication and neither Earhart nor Noonan were competent at Morse Code. However, the Itasca did receive several strong voice transmissions from Earhart as she approached the area, the last at 8:43 am stating: "We are on the line of position 156-137. Will repeat message. We will repeat this message on 6210 kilocycles. Wait. Listening on 6210 kilocycles. We are running north and south." Earhart and Noonan never found Howland and they were declared lost at sea on July 19, 1937 following a massive sea and air search.
Earhart's disappearance spawned countless theories involving radio problems, poor communication, navigation or pilot skills, other landing sites, spy missions and imprisonment, and even living quietly in New Jersey or on a rubber plantation in the Philippines. The most reasonable explanation, based on the known facts of her flight, is that they were unable to locate Howland Island, ran out of fuel, and ditched into the Pacific Ocean.
Earhart's disappearance remains one of the great unsolved mysteries of the 20th century, and it often overshadows her true legacies as a courageous and dedicated aviator and as an enduring inspiration to women.
Credit Line:
Gift of Richard Evans
Inventory Number:
A19580054000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Barron Hilton Pioneers of Flight
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Installing Amelia Earhart’s Flight Suit

Creator:
National Postal Museum
Type:
Youtube videos
Uploaded:
2014-11-21T21:07:42.000Z
Video Title:
Installing Amelia Earhart’s Flight Suit
Description:
Smithsonian's National Postal Museum staff install Amelia Earhart’s flight suit into the William H. Gross Stamp Gallery. Summer 2013. http://npm.si.edu/stampgallery/mailmarkshistory.html
Views:
159
Video Duration:
4 min 47 sec
Topic:
Postal service;Letter mail handling;Stamp collecting
Youtube Category:
Education
See more by:
SmithsonianNPM
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNPM
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Earhart, Amelia (Putnam). [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Subject:
Earhart, Amelia 1897-1937
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Circa 1932
Summary:
Full-length view of Amelia Earhart posed standing, with luggage (formal studio portrait, two suitcases), wearing tailored coat and skirt suit, cloche hat, gloves, and carrying a clutch purse. Circa 1932.
Topic:
Women air pilots
Women in aeronautics
Aeronautics
Local number:
NASM-9A05983
Restrictions:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
Ninety-Nines, Inc. History Books Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Earhart, Amelia (Putnam). [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Subject:
Earhart, Amelia 1897-1937
Type:
Photographs
Summary:
Amelia Earhart sitting in front of the instrument panel of aircraft. She is wearing a leather jacket and looking back over her shoulder towards the camera.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Airplanes
Local number:
NASM-00158066
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
Videodisc Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Coat, Flying, Amelia Earhart, Civilian

Owner:
Amelia Earhart
Materials:
Leather
Dimensions:
Clothing (On Mannequin): 91.4 × 43.1 × 18cm (36 × 16 15/16 × 7 1/16 in.)
Type:
PERSONAL EQUIPMENT-Flight Clothing
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
ca. 1920-1930
Physical Description:
Light brown leather with gray tweed wool lining.
Summary:
Amelia Earhart wore this long leather coat with tweed wool lining on many of her flights, though it is uncertain which ones. Standard attire for military and civilian pilots, leather coats and jackets offered warmth and protection from the elements. At the same time, this coat represents the elegant fashions of the 1920s and 30s and demonstrates how conscious Earhart was of her image as a woman aviator.
Long Description:
Amelia Earhart is probably the most famous female pilot in aviation history, an accolade due both to her aviation career and to her mysterious disappearance. On May 20-21, 1932, Earhart became the first woman, and the second person after Charles Lindbergh, to fly nonstop and solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Flying a red Lockheed Vega 5B, she left Harbor Grace, Newfoundland, Canada, and landed about 15 hours later near Londonderry, Northern Ireland. The feat made Earhart an instant worldwide sensation and proved she was a courageous and able pilot. Then, on August 24-25, she made the first solo, nonstop flight by a woman across the United States, from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey, establishing a women's record of 19 hours and 5 minutes and setting a women's distance record of 2,447 miles.
Born in Atchison, Kansas, on July 24, 1897, Amelia Earhart displayed an independent style from childhood, including keeping a scrapbook on accomplished women, taking an auto repair course, and attending college (but never graduating). She attended her first flying exhibition in 1918 while serving as a Red Cross nurse's aide in Toronto, Canada. She took her first flight in California in December 1920, with veteran flyer Frank Hawks, and declared, "As soon as I left the ground, I knew I myself had to fly." Her first instructor was Anita "Neta" Snook who gave her lessons in a Curtiss Jenny. To pay for flight lessons, Earhart worked as a telephone company clerk and photographer. Earhart soloed in 1921, bought her first airplane, a Kinner Airster, in 1922 and wasted no time in setting a women's altitude record of 14,000 feet. In 1923, Earhart became the 16th woman to receive an official Fédération Aéronautique Internationale pilot license.
Earhart moved to east to be near her sister and mother, and, after a second year at Columbia University in New York City, began working in Boston at the Denison Settlement House as a social worker with immigrant families. In the spring of 1928, she was flying at Dennison Airport, and had joined the local National Aeronautic Association, when she was offered the opportunity of a lifetime: to become the first woman to fly across the Atlantic as a passenger.
Amy Phipps Guest owned the Fokker F.VII Friendship and wanted to make the flight but when her family objected, she asked aviator Richard Byrd and publisher/publicist George Putnam to find "the right sort of girl" for the trip. On June 17, 1928, Earhart and pilots Wilmer Stultz and Lou Gordon departed Trepassey, Newfoundland and, though promised time at the controls of the tri-motor, she was never given the opportunity to fly the aircraft during the 20-hour 40-minute flight to Burry Point, Wales. She did get in the pilot's seat for a time on the final hop to Southampton, England.
The dramatic 1928 flight brought her international attention and the opportunity to earn a living in aviation. Putnam became her manager and she began lecturing and writing on aviation around the country. In August of 1929, she placed third in the All-Women's Air Derby, behind Louise Thaden and Gladys O'Donnell, which was the first transcontinental air race for women (from Santa Monica, California to Cleveland, Ohio) and a race she helped organized. This race, closely followed by the press and by the public who flocked to the stops along the way, proved that women could fly in rugged and competitive conditions.
A few months after the Derby, a group of women pilots decided to form an organization for social, recruitment, and business purposes. Ninety-nine women, out of 285 licensed U.S. female pilots, became charter members, inspiring the organization's name The Ninety-Nines (99s); Earhart became their first president. Female pilots were keenly aware of the lack of social and economic independence for all women and were determined to help one another.
In 1930, after only 15 minutes of instruction, Earhart became the first woman to fly an autogiro, made by Pitcairn and featuring rotating blades to increase lift and allow short takeoffs and landings. Earhart set the first autogiro altitude record and made two autogiro cross-country tours, which were marked by three public "crack-ups," as she called them. Though Earhart was the most famous woman pilot, she was not the most skilled.
Determined to prove herself, Earhart decided to fly the Atlantic Ocean again, but this time alone. She thought a transatlantic flight would bring her respect, something other women sought, too - Ruth Nichols made an attempt in 1931, crashing in Canada, but she was planning another attempt when Earhart succeeded. During her 2,026-mile nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic on May 20-21, 1932, Earhart fought fatigue, a leaky fuel tank, and a cracked manifold that spewed flames out the side of the engine cowling. Ice formed on the Vega's wings and caused an unstoppable 3,000-foot descent to just above the waves. Realizing she was on a course far north of France, she landed in a farmer's field in Culmore, near Londonderry, Northern Ireland. Acclaimed in London, Paris, and Rome, she returned home to a ticker tape parade in New York City and honors in Washington, D.C. By July and August she was back in the Vega for her transcontinental flight.
On January 11-12, 1935, Amelia Earhart became the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to the U.S. mainland, this time in a Lockheed 5C Vega. Although some called it a publicity stunt for Earhart and Hawaiian sugar plantation promoters, it was a dangerous 2,408-mile flight that had already claimed several lives. Of that flight she remarked: "I wanted the flight just to contribute. I could only hope one more passage across that part of the Pacific would mark a little more clearly the pathway over which an air service of the future will inevitably ply." Later that year, Earhart made record flights from Los Angeles to Mexico City and from Mexico City to Newark, New Jersey. She also placed fifth in the 1935 Bendix Race. Earhart was a two-time Harmon Trophy winner and was also the recipient of the U.S. Distinguished Flying Cross.
Earhart became the first woman vice president of the National Aeronautic Association, which authorized official records and races. She persuaded the organization to establish separate female records because women did not have the money or planes - and thus the experience - to fairly compete against men for "world" titles. Earhart served as a partner in the Transcontinental Air Transport and Ludington Airlines and lobbied Congress for aviation legislation. She promoted the safety and efficiency of air travel to women, on the premise that they would influence men. She tirelessly lectured across the country on the subjects of aviation and women's issues and wrote for Cosmopolitan and various magazines. She wrote about her flights and career in 20 Hours and 40 Minutes, The Fun of It, and Last Flight, which was published after her disappearance.
Earhart wore this long leather coat on many of her flights, but we do not know for certain which ones. Standard attire for military and civilian pilots, leather coats and jackets offered warmth and protection from the elements. At the same time, the jacket, with four oversized buttons on the front and lined in tweed wool, represents the elegant fashions of the 1920s and 1930s and demonstrates how conscious Earhart was of her public image as a woman aviator.
In addition to her aviation accomplishments, Earhart is remembered as a style icon of the period who, along with Hollywood stars Katharine Hepburn and Marlene Deitrich, made slacks fashionable for women to wear by the mid-twentieth century. In 1934, she was named by the Fashion Designers of America as one of the ten best-dressed women in the United States. Earhart was described by one pilot from early in her career as "unusually dressed in jodphurs, or riding breeches and boots, yet looked thoroughly feminine, with a loose shirtwaist and tousled hair." She is often depicted in the written record and in photographs as impeccably dressed in simple, well-made clothing tailored for her frame that, at 5 feet 7 inches, was tall for a woman at that time. With her distinct taste, short hair, freckles, and gap-toothed smile that husband and manager Putnam later encouraged her to conceal in photographs, Earhart displayed a youthful exuberance that matched the energy of the golden age of flight.
Earhart married George Putnam in 1931 - hesitantly - on the condition that they would separate in a year if unhappy. Though some called it a marriage of convenience, they remained together.
Earhart designed a line of "functional" women's clothing, including dresses, blouses, pants, suits, and hats, initially using her own sewing machine, dress form, and seamstress. Though "tousle-haired" and rather thin, she photographed well and modeled her own designs for promotional spreads. Earhart also designed a line of lightweight, canvas-covered plywood luggage sold by Orenstein Trunk of Newark, New Jersey. Earhart luggage was sold into the 1990s and featured an Amelia Earhart luggage key, prompting some people to believe they possessed her "personal" aircraft or suitcase key.
In 1935, Earhart became a visiting professor at Purdue University at the invitation of Purdue president Edward Elliott, an advocate of higher education for women, especially in engineering and science. Earhart, a former premedical student, served as a counselor for women and a lecturer in aeronautics. Elliott was also interested in supporting Earhart's flying career and convinced Purdue benefactors to purchase a twin-engine Lockheed 10-E Electra for her. Many companies contributed their latest aviation technology to her Flying Laboratory.
Earhart decided to make a world flight and she planned a route as close to the equator as possible, which meant flying several long overwater legs to islands in the Pacific Ocean. On March 20, 1937, Earhart crashed on takeoff at Luke Field, Honolulu, Hawaii, ending her westbound world flight that had begun at Oakland, California. The Electra was returned to Lockheed Aircraft Company in Burbank, California, for extensive repairs. On June 1, 1937, Earhart began an eastbound around-the-world flight from Oakland, via Miami, Florida, in the Electra with Fred Noonan as her navigator. They reached Lae, New Guinea on June 29, having flown 22,000 miles with 7,000 more to go to Oakland. They then departed Lae on July 2 for the 2,556-mile flight to their next refueling stop, Howland Island, a two-mile long and less-than-a-mile wide dot in the Pacific Ocean.
Unfortunately, due to various circumstances, Earhart and the U.S. Coast Guard cutter Itasca, anchored off shore of Howland, could not complete any direct two-way radio communication and neither Earhart nor Noonan were competent at Morse Code. However, the Itasca did receive several strong voice transmissions from Earhart as she approached the area, the last at 8:43 am stating: "We are on the line of position 156-137. Will repeat message. We will repeat this message on 6210 kilocycles. Wait. Listening on 6210 kilocycles. We are running north and south." Earhart and Noonan never found Howland and they were declared lost at sea on July 19, 1937 following a massive sea and air search.
Earhart's disappearance spawned countless theories involving radio problems, poor communication, navigation or pilot skills, other landing sites, spy missions and imprisonment, and even living quietly in New Jersey or on a rubber plantation in the Philippines. The most reasonable explanation, based on the known facts of her flight, is that they were unable to locate Howland Island, ran out of fuel, and ditched into the Pacific Ocean.
Earhart's disappearance remains one of the great unsolved mysteries of the 20th century, and it often overshadows her true legacies as a courageous and dedicated aviator and as an enduring inspiration to women.
Before her disappearance, Earhart had given two of her leather jackets to her private secretary, Josephine Berger Greer, and one leather jacket to Ms. Greer's niece, Dorothy Berger Tichenor. Ms. Tichenor's uncle, Lewis Miller, came into possession of the jackets and donated one of them to the NASM collection in 1961.
Credit Line:
Gift of Lewis B. Miller
Inventory Number:
A19610155000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Barron Hilton Pioneers of Flight
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Amelia Earhart transatlantic flight cover

Associated Person:
Amelia Earhart, American, 1898 - 1937
Medium:
paper; ink ( ); adhesive
Dimensions:
9.5 x 15 cm (3 3/4 x 5 7/8 in.)
Type:
Covers & Associated Letters
Place:
Newfoundland (British colony)
Wales and Monmouthshire
Date:
1928
Description:
One of three covers carried by Amelia Earhart on her flight from Trepassey Bay, Newfoundland to Burry Port, Wales on June 21, 1928. Addressed to Lord Edward Morris of London. Four Newfoundland stamps affixed, Scott 130-134; one Great Britain stamp affixed, Scott 189. From Album 1 of the collection.
Object number:
0.279483.1.5.1
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Additional Online Media:

Amelia Earhart's flight suit

User:
Amelia Earhart, American, 1898 - 1937
Manufacturer:
Arnold, Constable & Company
Medium:
leather; fabric (wool); plastic; metal
Dimensions:
Height x Width x Depth: 59 x 30 1/2 x 6 in. (149.86 x 77.47 x 15.24 cm)
Type:
Employee Gear
Place:
United States of America
Date:
c. 1920
Description:
Pilot Amelia Earhart (1897-1937) earned revenue by carrying philatelic materials on her flights. Earhart owned and wore this leather wool-lined flight suit manufactured by Arnold, Constable & Company, of Paris and New York. Such suits were essential for long-distance flights. Early airplanes offered scant protection from the elements, especially the icy cold at altitudes of 20,000 feet.
Born in Atchison, Kansas, Earhart fell in love with aviation at an early age. She was an excellent student and soloed in 1918 after only ten hours of instruction. In the early 1920s, she worked in a telephone office and photography studio to earn money for flying. In 1928 she became the first woman to cross the Atlantic by plane, accompanying pilot Wilmer Stultz in a Fokker tri-motor from Newfoundland to Wales. In 1931 she married publisher George Palmer Putnam. The following year she assured her place in history by becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic. On May 21, 1932, she flew from Harbor Grace, Newfoundland, to a pasture near Londonderry, Ireland. The flight earned her worldwide acclaim and a number of awards, including the Distinguished Flying Cross and the French Legion of Honor.
In 1935 Earhart became the first woman to fly solo between Hawaii and the continental United States. Unlike Charles Lindbergh, Earhart was never a licensed airmail pilot. She did, however, carry mail. Her husband helped her raise funds for her flights by arranging for her to carry and autograph special letters that were sold to philatelists. The National Postal Museum owns her private collection.
After having set a speed record for flying non-stop from Mexico City to New York City in fourteen hours and nineteen minutes, Amelia Earhart tried to become the first female pilot to fly around the world. She took-off from Miami, Florida, on June 1, 1937, in her Electra aircraft, accompanied by Fred Noonan, her navigator. On July 2, while flying between Lae, New Guinea, and Howland Island in the Pacific Ocean, her plane vanished. The Coast Guard cutter Itasca, stationed near Howland Island, picked up intermittent signals from Earhart before she was lost. In one message, she reported that she was circling, unable to locate the island. Ships and radio hams reported receiving mysterious signals over the next two days, but none could be satisfactorily understood or identified. The search for the downed plane was the greatest air rescue attempt made to that date, using ten ships and 102 American planes. The search was fruitless. Neither Earhart nor her navigator was heard from again. Earhart’s fate continues to be a source of much speculation.
Arnold, Constable & Co., of Paris and New York had at least one other connection with a woman aviator. In October 1927 Ruth Elder carried a letter from the company’s New York store on a proposed transatlantic flight. The letter, addressed to “the manufacturers and couturiers of Europe and of America,” touted the company’s hundredth anniversary. Elder’s airplane was forced down in the ocean, where she and pilot George Haldeman were rescued by an oil tanker. Earhart did not carry a message from the company across the Atlantic on her successful flights, but she did wear an Arnold, Constable & Company-manufactured flight suit on at least one of them.
Object number:
0.279483.3
See more items in:
National Postal Museum Collection
On View:
Currently on exhibit at the National Postal Museum
Data Source:
National Postal Museum

Additional Online Media:

Amelia Earhart

Artist:
Grace Wells Parkinson
Medium:
Bust, Amelia Earhart
Dimensions:
3-D: 24.1 x 24.1 x 35.6cm, 10.7kg (9 1/2 x 9 1/2 x 14 in., 23 5/8lb.)
Type:
ART-Sculpture
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1948
Physical Description:
Life size portrait, green patina
Summary:
The painter and sculptor Grace Wells Parkinson created this bronze bust of Amelia Earhart in 1948, eleven years after Earhart disappeared near Howland Island on her round-the-world flight. It reflects Earhart's legacies as a courageous and dedicated aviator and as an enduring inspiration to women.
Long Description:
Amelia Earhart is probably the most famous female pilot in aviation history, an accolade due both to her aviation career and to her mysterious disappearance. On May 20-21, 1932, Earhart became the first woman, and the second person after Charles Lindbergh, to fly nonstop and solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Flying a red Lockheed Vega 5B, she left Harbor Grace, Newfoundland, Canada, and landed about 15 hours later near Londonderry, Northern Ireland. The feat made Earhart an instant worldwide sensation and proved she was a courageous and able pilot. Then, on August 24-25, she made the first solo, nonstop flight by a woman across the United States, from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey, establishing a women's record of 19 hours and 5 minutes and setting a women's distance record of 2,447 miles.
Born in Atchison, Kansas, on July 24, 1897, Amelia Earhart displayed an independent style from childhood, including keeping a scrapbook on accomplished women, taking an auto repair course, and attending college (but never graduating). She attended her first flying exhibition in 1918 while serving as a Red Cross nurse's aide in Toronto, Canada. She took her first flight in California in December 1920, with veteran flyer Frank Hawks, and declared, "As soon as I left the ground, I knew I myself had to fly." Her first instructor was Anita "Neta" Snook who gave her lessons in a Curtiss Jenny. To pay for flight lessons, Earhart worked as a telephone company clerk and photographer. Earhart soloed in 1921, bought her first airplane, a Kinner Airster, in 1922 and wasted no time in setting a women's altitude record of 14,000 feet. In 1923, Earhart became the 16th woman to receive an official Fédération Aéronautique Internationale pilot license.
Earhart moved to east to be near her sister and mother, and, after a second year at Columbia University in New York City, began working in Boston at the Denison Settlement House as a social worker with immigrant families. In the spring of 1928, she was flying at Dennison Airport, and had joined the local National Aeronautic Association, when she was offered the opportunity of a lifetime: to become the first woman to fly across the Atlantic as a passenger.
Amy Phipps Guest owned the Fokker F.VII Friendship and wanted to make the flight but when her family objected, she asked aviator Richard Byrd and publisher/publicist George Putnam to find "the right sort of girl" for the trip. On June 17, 1928, Earhart and pilots Wilmer Stultz and Lou Gordon departed Trepassey, Newfoundland and, though promised time at the controls of the tri-motor, she was never given the opportunity to fly the aircraft during the 20-hour 40-minute flight to Burry Point, Wales. She did get in the pilot's seat for a time on the final hop to Southampton, England.
The dramatic 1928 flight brought her international attention and the opportunity to earn a living in aviation. Putnam became her manager and she began lecturing and writing on aviation around the country. In August of 1929, she placed third in the All-Women's Air Derby, behind Louise Thaden and Gladys O'Donnell, which was the first transcontinental air race for women (from Santa Monica, California to Cleveland, Ohio) and a race she helped organize. This race, closely followed by the press and by the public who flocked to the stops along the way, proved that women could fly in rugged and competitive conditions.
A few months after the Derby, a group of women pilots decided to form an organization for social, recruitment, and business purposes. Ninety-nine women, out of 285 licensed U.S. female pilots, became charter members, inspiring the organization's name, The Ninety-Nines (99s); Earhart became their first president. Female pilots were keenly aware of the lack of social and economic independence for all women and were determined to help one another.
In 1930, after only 15 minutes of instruction, Earhart became the first woman to fly an autogiro, made by Pitcairn and featuring rotating blades to increase lift and allow short takeoffs and landings. Earhart set the first autogiro altitude record and made two autogiro cross-country tours, which were marked by three public "crack-ups," as she called them. Though Earhart was the most famous woman pilot, she was not the most skilled.
Determined to prove herself, Earhart decided to fly the Atlantic Ocean again, but this time alone. She thought a transatlantic flight would bring her respect, something other women sought, too - Ruth Nichols made an attempt in 1931, crashing in Canada, but she was planning another attempt when Earhart succeeded. During her 2,026-mile nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic on May 20-21, 1932, Earhart fought fatigue, a leaky fuel tank, and a cracked manifold that spewed flames out the side of the engine cowling. Ice formed on the Vega's wings and caused an unstoppable 3,000-foot descent to just above the waves. Realizing she was on a course far north of France, she landed in a farmer's field in Culmore, near Londonderry, Northern Ireland. Acclaimed in London, Paris, and Rome, she returned home to a ticker tape parade in New York City and honors in Washington, D.C. By July and August she was back in the Vega for her transcontinental flight.
On January 11-12, 1935, Amelia Earhart became the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to the U.S. mainland, this time in a Lockheed 5C Vega. Although some called it a publicity stunt for Earhart and Hawaiian sugar plantation promoters, it was a dangerous 2,408-mile flight that had already claimed several lives. Of that flight she remarked: "I wanted the flight just to contribute. I could only hope one more passage across that part of the Pacific would mark a little more clearly the pathway over which an air service of the future will inevitably ply." Later that year, Earhart made record flights from Los Angeles to Mexico City and from Mexico City to Newark, New Jersey. She also placed fifth in the 1935 Bendix Race. Earhart was a two-time Harmon Trophy winner and was also the recipient of the U.S. Distinguished Flying Cross.
Earhart became the first woman vice president of the National Aeronautic Association, which authorized official records and races. She persuaded the organization to establish separate female records because women did not have the money or planes - and thus the experience - to fairly compete against men for "world" titles. Earhart served as a partner in the Transcontinental Air Transport and Ludington Airlines and lobbied Congress for aviation legislation. She promoted the safety and efficiency of air travel to women, on the premise that they would influence men. She tirelessly lectured across the country on the subjects of aviation and women's issues and wrote for Cosmopolitan and various magazines. She wrote about her flights and career in 20 Hours and 40 Minutes, The Fun of It, and Last Flight, which was published after her disappearance.
Earhart married George Putnam in 1931 - hesitantly - on the condition that they would separate in a year if unhappy. Though some called it a marriage of convenience, they remained together.
Earhart designed a line of "functional" women's clothing, including dresses, blouses, pants, suits, and hats, initially using her own sewing machine, dress form, and seamstress. Though "tousle-haired" and rather thin, she photographed well and modeled her own designs for promotional spreads.
Earhart also designed a line of lightweight, canvas-covered plywood luggage sold by Orenstein Trunk of Newark, New Jersey. Earhart luggage was sold into the 1990s and featured an Amelia Earhart luggage key, prompting some people to believe they possessed her "personal" aircraft or suitcase key.
In 1935, Earhart became a visiting professor at Purdue University at the invitation of Purdue president Edward Elliott, an advocate of higher education for women, especially in engineering and science. Earhart, a former premedical student, served as a counselor for women and a lecturer in aeronautics. Elliott was also interested in supporting Earhart's flying career and convinced Purdue benefactors to purchase a twin-engine Lockheed 10-E Electra for her. Many companies contributed their latest aviation technology to her Flying Laboratory.
Earhart decided to make a world flight and she planned a route as close to the equator as possible, which meant flying several long overwater legs to islands in the Pacific Ocean. On March 20, 1937, Earhart crashed on takeoff at Luke Field, Honolulu, Hawaii, ending her westbound world flight that had begun at Oakland, California. The Electra was returned to Lockheed Aircraft Company in Burbank, California, for extensive repairs. On June 1, 1937, Earhart began an eastbound around-the-world flight from Oakland, via Miami, Florida, in the Electra with Fred Noonan as her navigator. They reached Lae, New Guinea on June 29, having flown 22,000 miles with 7,000 more to go to Oakland. They then departed Lae on July 2 for the 2,556-mile flight to their next refueling stop, Howland Island, a two-mile long and less-than-a-mile wide dot in the Pacific Ocean.
Unfortunately, due to various circumstances, Earhart and the U.S. Coast Guard cutter Itasca, anchored off shore of Howland, could not complete any direct two-way radio communication and neither Earhart nor Noonan were competent at Morse Code. However, the Itasca did receive several strong voice transmissions from Earhart as she approached the area, the last at 8:43 am stating: "We are on the line of position 156-137. Will repeat message. We will repeat this message on 6210 kilocycles. Wait. Listening on 6210 kilocycles. We are running north and south." Earhart and Noonan never found Howland and they were declared lost at sea on July 19, 1937 following a massive sea and air search.
Earhart's disappearance spawned countless theories involving radio problems, poor communication, navigation or pilot skills, other landing sites, spy missions and imprisonment, and even living quietly in New Jersey or on a rubber plantation in the Philippines. The most reasonable explanation, based on the known facts of her flight, is that they were unable to locate Howland Island, ran out of fuel, and ditched into the Pacific Ocean.
Earhart's disappearance remains one of the great unsolved mysteries of the 20th century, and it often overshadows her true legacies as a courageous and dedicated aviator and as an enduring inspiration to women.
Credit Line:
Gift of Amelia Earhart Post 678, American Legion Auxiliary
Inventory Number:
A19500108000
Rights:
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Barron Hilton Pioneers of Flight
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum

Additional Online Media:

Earhart, Amelia; Pennoyer (Mrs). [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Subject:
Earhart, Amelia 1897-1937
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Jun-32
Summary:
"A. E., a sinistra, al Colosseo nel giugno 1932 con une signora americana." Amelia Earhart, at left, with Mrs. Pennoyer (right), tours the Colisseum in June 1932 during Earhart's visit to Rome, Italy, following her successful solo transatlantic flight the previous month.
Topic:
Aeronautics
Women air pilots
Local number:
NASM-9A08506
Restrictions:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Cataloged Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Earhart, Amelia Mary; Lockheed Model 10-E Electra, Earhart Aircraft (NR16020). [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Subject:
Earhart, Amelia 1897-1937
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Circa March 1937
Summary:
Informal head and shoulders portrait of Amelia Earhart standing under nose of of her Lockheed Model 10-E Electra (r/n NR-16020); probably taken before her attempted flight around the world, March 1937.
Topic:
Airplanes
Aeronautics
Women air pilots
Women in aeronautics
Local number:
NASM-158072
Restrictions:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
See more items in:
National Air Museum Photography Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Earhart, Amelia Mary; Lockheed Model 10-E Electra, Earhart Aircraft (NR16020). [photograph]

Photographer:
Unknown
Subject:
Earhart, Amelia 1897-1937
Type:
Photographs
Date:
Circa 1937
Summary:
Amelia Earhart in informal pose, seated on horizontal stabilizer of her Lockheed Model 10-E Electra (r/n NR16020).
Topic:
Aeronautics
Air Pilots, Airplanes
Women air pilots
Local number:
NASM-00158002
Restrictions:
Images are subject to Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, Copyright and Image Use Restrictions. Usage requires prior written permission. Should you wish to use NASM still images in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Photographs, available at NASM's Permissions webpage: www.nasm.si.edu/research/arch/permissions.cfm
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Cataloged Imagery Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

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