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Photograph of Japanese Officer 1861

Creator:
Sachtler, August
Physical description:
1 print albumen ; image 19.3 x 14.4 cm., mounted 26.8 x 21 cm
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Albumen prints
Portraits
Place:
Japan, Kanagawa Prefecture, Yokohama
Yokohama-shi (Japan)
Date:
1861
Summary:
One sepia monochrome albumen print take from a wet collodion glass plate negative, 20 x 15 cm., by August Sachtler (act. ca. 1860). Captioned "Japanese Officer" in pencil in the lower left margin. On the verso the inscription "Colonol Mann C.B. Royal Engineers" has been written in pencil. Image depicts a seated samurai, dressed in traditional clothing and holding two swords
Topic:
Samurai
Men
Local number:
FSA A2002.05
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Three Portraits of Royal Nepalese Women

Photographer:
Unknown
Physical description:
3 Photographs extent Hand-painted silver gelatin prints 8.5 x 6 3/8
Culture:
Nepalese
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
Nepal
Summary:
Three portraits of royal Nepalese women, the daughters of the Rana of Nepal and the Prime MInister (1931-1943) Juddah Samshar Janga Badahar Rana. The photos likely date from the 1910s-1920s. Each is a hand-tinted gelatin silver print mounted on paper.
Cite as:
Three Portraits of Royla Nepalese Women. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C
Local number:
FSA A2011.01
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Java, Tree Study 1870s

Creator:
Woodbury & Page
Physical description:
1 print albumen
Type:
Photographs Albumen
Collection descriptions
Place:
Java
Indonesia
Date:
1870s
Summary:
Albumen print of a tree lined street in Java.
Cite as:
Woodbury & Page: Java, Tree Study. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C
Local number:
FSA A1994.06
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Photograph of Tsangpo Valley

Creator:
White, J. Claude (John Claude) b. 1853
Physical description:
1 print carbon 10 x 3.5 cm.; mounted 16 x 5 cm
Type:
Books
Collection descriptions
Place:
Tsangpo Valley
Tibet (China)
Notes:
John Claude White (1853-1918) was an amateur British photographer who spent his professional life working for the British Raj. From 1883 to 1908, White was stationed in Kathmandu and Sikkim. His famous images of the Himalayas were taken during this period. He accompanied Francis Younghusband on the British expedition to Tibet in 1903-1904 and made a number of landscape photographs during the campaign, including the image in this collection.
Summary:
This collection consists of one carbon print by John Claude White, depicting a panoramic view of the Tscangpo Valley, circa 1904.
Local number:
FSA A1998.06
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Morith Collection

Creator:
Frick, Frank
Physical description:
I photography album : 151 prints;
2 box cameras
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
Japan
Date:
1860
Notes:
Frank Frick was a merchant of Baltimore, Maryland, a patron of the arts, and during the last years of his life, traveler to Asia, Africa, and Europe. The album is 50 pages, each with hand tinted albumen prints and extensive hand painted margin decorations. The album itself is most likely American, but the photographs are Yokohama studio productions, mostly by the Tamamura studio. There are two vintage cameras: an 1898 Kodak :"Bullseye" and a 1920s Enemann Heig XII (not operational).
This photography album are from a dispersed set documeting Frick's world travels.
Summary:
One photography album of Frick's world travels. Also includes two box cameras.
Local number:
FSA A2013.03
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Portrait of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler

Creator:
Yuan Xikun
Physical description:
1 painting
Type:
Paintings
Collection descriptions
Portraits
Date:
1888
Notes:
The son of well-known painter, Yuan Xiaoling, Yuan Xikun began making art at an early age, working in his father's studio. Yuan later studied at an academy of fine arts, Yunnan Art College. He was also mentored by Jian Zhaohe, a master of traditional Chinese painting. For many years, Yuan Xikun has functioned as a cultural ambassador, having been commissioned to create portraits of over 100 international politicians and celebrities in both ink-and-wash and bronze, including Koffi Annan, Jacques Chirac, Boris Yeltsin and President Clinton. He continues to participate in many international causes. In 1995, he established a private museum, Beijing Jintai Art Museum.
One painting of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler.
Summary:
One painting of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler.
Local number:
FSA A1999.37
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

James Marshall Plumer Papers, circa 1930's-1960

Creator:
Plumer, James Marshall
Subject:
Plumer, James Marshall
Physical description:
250 photographs : black and white
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Printed material
Drawings
Maps
Place:
China
Japan
Fujian
Zhejiang
Date:
193?
193?-1960
circa 1930s-1960
Notes:
James Marshall Plumer (1899-1960) , scholar of Asian art. After receiving his B.A. from Harvard, Plumer served as an administrative officer with the Chinese Government Service in Maritime Customs. From 1935 until his death, he taught art history at the University of Michigan while continuing to visit and work in China and Japan. In 1935 and 1937, Plumer discovered ancient kiln sites in the Chinese provinces of Fukien (Fujian) and Chekiang (Zhejiang). He wrote extensively on Chinese ceramics and edited the 'Far Eastern Ceramic Bulletin' from 1950 to 1958.
Summary:
Papers of the collection include: printed material, correspondence, drawings, and maps.
Photographs (which include silver gelatin photonegatives and photoprints) document Chinese ceramics and kiln sites in Fukien (Fujian) and Chekiang (Zhejiang) provinces, dating from ninth and tenth centuries, which were discovered by Plumer. Many of the images depict ceramics both at their original archaeological sites and in the laboratory. Most of the items are "wasters", imperfect ceramic objects that were broken at the kiln site at the time of manufacture. They include bowls, candlesticks, jars, tea cups, and vases. Other photographs show archaeological field workers including Plumer and local staff, field work activities, kilns, and the landscape surrounding the kilns.
Photographers and studios represented include the Fogg Art Museum of Harvard University, Charles B. Hoyt, Herbert Ingram, C.T. Loo, the Museum of Fine Arts (Boston), and James Marshall Plumer. Some photographs from this collection have been previously published or used in exhibitions.
Topic:
Ceramics
Kilns
Local number:
FSA A.14
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

George Kroto Lantern Slide Collection, 1901-1910

Collector:
Kroto, George 1873-1946
Photographer:
Tsurubuchi, H
Ikeda, Kametaro 1862-1915
Physical description:
130 glass lantern slides : color
Type:
Lantern slides
Collection descriptions
Place:
Japan
Kamakura-shi (Japan)
Kyoto (Japan)
Yamanaka Lake (Japan)
Yokohama-shi (Japan)
Tokyo (Japan)
Osaka (Japan)
Hakone-machi (Japan)
Yokosuka-shi (Japan)
Date:
1901
1901-1910
1900-1950
Notes:
American engineer George Kroto (1873-1946) assembled this collection to document Japanese art and culture, while living in Japan from 1901-1910 under the employ of Takata & Co., Tokyo.
Summary:
Handcolored stereopticon slides of Japan at the beginning of the 20th century. Images includes: place views, temples, tea houses, government buildings, domestic architecture, sculpture, landscapes, market scenes, women, Samurai warriors, wrestlers, Shinto and Buddhist priests, lantern makers, and workmen winding silk. Cities depicted include: Kamakura, Kyoto, Yamanaka, Yokohama, and others. The slides are often captioned in English and Japanese. Photographers represented may include H. Tsurubuchi of Tokyo and Kametaro Ikeda (1862-1915). Women and Girl's Living Style: Slide 1: Summer night Slide 2: Mother and a baby Slide 3: "Baby nurses under cherry trees." Slide 4: "A group of baby-nurses on a country road." Slide 5: A tea serving lady Slide 6: A woman with a parasol Slide 7: A woman reading Slide 8: "Young girls Making tea." Slide 9: Woman applying make-up Slide 10: Preparing the meal Slide 11: A woman standing Slide 12: Three women in a room Slide 13: A girl playing badminton Geisha Girls Slide 14: Maiko Slide 15: Three dancers Slide 16: "Geisha, Osaka" Slide 17: "Dancing girl. Kioto" Slide 18: "Concert of Koto and Shamisen" Sumo Wrestlers Slide 19: "Wrestlers" Slide 20: Sumo wrestling Slide 21: "one wrestler (Inagawa) stands in the arena." Slide 22: "Wrestler 'Hitachiyama'." Slide 23: "Wrestling" Samurai Warriors Slide 24: Group Samurai warriors Domestic Interior Slide 25: "Japanese Drawing room." Palanquins Slide 26: "Palanquin" Slide 27: "Palanquin in mountain road at Hakone." Customs and Living Style Slide 28: "Surf-bathing of Yuigahama, Kamakura." Slide 29: "Surf-bathing of Oiso, near Hakone." Slide 30: "Tea house at Sokokura, Hakone." Slide 31: Mt. Atago Shiba. Tokyo Slide 32: "Boat Excursion at the Foot of Arashiyama, Kioto." Slide 33: A peasant Slide 34: "Firemen's exercise on a ladder, which always takes place early in January." Slide 35: "'Manzai' dance. (Street scene in New Year)." Slide 36: "Marriage ceremony." Slide 37: A carp streamer on Children's Day Market Scenes/Shops Slide 38: "People of Imaichi coming back from market at Nikko." Slide 39 "Workman winding silk from Cocoon." Slide 40: "a Ferry." Slide 41: Japanese lantern makers Slide 42: Insect shop Slide 43: Nursery shop Slide 44: Toy store Slide 45: "Odenya." Stall selling Japanese Hotch potch Slide 46: Tea house Slide 47: "Bath-Room" Priests Slide 48: "Japanese Shinto priest" Slide 49: "The Priests Praying to Bud[d]ha." Slide 50: "Buddha priests retiring from the commemoration for those who died in bo[a]ttles, held at Aoyoma cemetery, Tokyo." Slide 51: "Shinto Priest." Shrines Slide 52: "Fountain of Yasukuni Park, Tokio" Kameido Tenjin, Tokyo Slide 53: Kameido Tenjin, Tokyo Slide 54: Kameido Tenjin, Tokyo Slide 55: Yasukuni Shrine, Tokyo Slide 56: "The torii Hakone." Slide 57: High Lantern in Sumiyoshi, Sumiyoshi shrine Slide 58: Sumiyoshi Shrine Temples Slide 59: "Fudo Temple, Narita near Tokio" Slide 60: Asakusa Kanzeon Slide 61: "'Anamori' Temple near Tokio" Slide 62: "Tomb of Tokugawa-shogun at Shiba Park, Tokio" Slide 63: Ueno Tennoji Temple in Tokyo Slide 64: "Iyeyasu tomb Nikko." Slide 65: "Nis [?] of Niomon gate Nikko." Slide 66: "Interior Iyeyasu temple Nikko." Box 2 Temples continued Slide 67: "Steps to the gate of Hachiman temple, Kamakura." Slide 68: "Tsurugaoka Hachiman Temple, Kamakura Slide 69: "Five storied Pagoda, Kioto" Slide 70: "The back of Kiyomizu temple Kyoto." Slide 71: "'Biodo' Temple, Uji, near Kioto" Slide 72: "Tai-Kioku Temple, Kioto Proceeding Ancient Ceremony." Slide 73: "'Higashi' Temple, Kioto" Slide 74: "'Nishi-Hongan' Temple, Kioto." Slide 75: Myokoku Temple in Sakai, Osaka City Views Slide 76: "'Ginza' Street, Tokio" Slide 77: "Shintomi Theatre, Tokio." Slide 78: "Nihonbashi street, Tokio" Slide 79: "Kudan, Tokio" Slide 80: "Military Museum, Tokio" Slide 81: "A court of Justice, Tokio" Slide 82: "Naval Department. Court of Justice. Dept of Justice affairs." Slide 83: "Overhead Railway in Tokio." Slide 84: "Pier at Yokohama." Slide 85: Yokohama Slide 86: "Navy Port of Yokosuka." Slide 87: "Umeda station, Osaka." Slide 88: "Shijiokawara, Kioto" Parks Slide 89: Japanese Iris in Horikiri, Tokyo Slide 90: Ueno Park, Tokyo Slide 91: "'Ueno' Park, Tokio." Slide 92: "Zoological Garden at Ueno Park, Tokio." Slide 93: "Asakusa Park, Tokio." Slide 94: "Asakusa Park, Tokio." Slide 95: "'Asakusa' Park, Tokio" Slide 96: "Hibiya Park, Tokio." Slide 97: "'Mito' Park, near Tokio." Slide 98: "'Koraku' Park, Okayama." Sculpture Slide 99: "Bronze statue of Saigo at Ueno Park, Tokio." Slide 100: "Bronze statue of Warrior 'Nanko', Tokio." Slide 101: "stone images Nikko." Bridges Slide 102: "'Nijiu' Bridge of Imperial Palace." Tokyo Slide 103: Nijiu Bridge of Imperial Palace, Tokyo Slide 104: Azuma Bridge, Tokyo Slide 105: "The stone bridge on the lotus pond, Hachiman temple Kamakura." Slide 106: "'Tenman' Bridge, Osaka." Slide 107: "Sanjio Bridge, Kioto." River and Falls Slide 108: "Ai-fishing, Tama[gawa] River." Tokyo Slide 109: "'Kegon' Water-fall. Niko." Slide 110: "'Tamadare' Waterfall." Hakone Slide 111: Tatsu no River in Oji, near Tokyo Slide 112: "Sea-side of Sukekawa, Mito" Scenery, Landscapes Slide 113: "Futami-[ga]Ura, Ise." Slide 114: "Matsu-shima, Sendai." Slide 115: "Snow-view of Ayase, Tokio." Slide 116: "View of Hakone." Slide 117: Full cherry blossoms at Mukojima Slide 118: "Cherry blossoms at the cliff of Kamonyama." Slide 119: "Cherry-Blossom on The Kumagai, near Tokio." Slide 120: "Full blossoms on Cherry Road, Yokohama" Mt. Fuji Slide 121: "Snow-Crowned Fuji from Ushinuma." Slide 122: "View of Mt Fuji" Slide 123: "Mt. Fuji from Tagonoura" Slide 124: "Mt. Fuji from Tagonoura" Slide 125: "Mt. Fuji on a moon light night." Slide 126: "Mt. Fuji viewed from Shoji lake." Slide 127: "Mt. Fuji viewed from Yamanaka lake & its refelec(sic)tion." Slide 128: "Spring View of Mt. Fuji from Gotemba." Slide 129: "Mt. Fuji viewed from Nishinoumi lake." Slide 130: "Mountain Guide of Mt. Fuji."
Cite as:
George Kroto Lantern Slide Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C
Topic:
Japan--Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A1992.02
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Li Chi Reports 1926-1931

Creator:
Li, Ji 1896-1979
Subject:
Li, Ji 1896-1979
Bishop, Carl Whiting 1881-1942
Physical description:
3 boxes
Type:
Reports
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Maps
Place:
China
Date:
1926-1931
Notes:
Li Chi was born in 1896 in Hubei Province, China. He recieved his Ph.D. in anthropology from Harvard in 1923. He was a member of Carl Whiting Bishop's archaeological team during Freer Gallery sponsored expeditions to China from 1926 to 1929. His later activities were funded both by the Freer Gallery and Academia Sinica. His chief contribution to archaeology was the systematic excavation of Anyang, and the establishment of the historical authenticity of the Shang dynasty. After the Japanese invasion and the fall of the Mainland to the Communists, Li fled to Taiwan where he was head of anthropology and archaeology at the National University.
Summary:
Li Chi was a prominent Chinese archaeologist, trained in the United States and one of the first Chinese archaeologists to conduct and teach scientific archaeology in China. This collection contains the manuscripts of the reports Li Chi prepared for the Freer Gallery when he was a member of the archaeological expeditions in China sponsored by the Freer Gallery of Art and headed by Carl Whiting Bishop during the years 1926 to 1929. The Li Chi Reports describe the expedition's findings at various Chinese archaeological sites, including Hsi-yin-ts'un which details an archaeological dig co-sponsored by the Freer Gallery of Art and the Tsing Hua Research Institute and the 1928-1929 excavation at Yin-Hsu.
Cite as:
The Li Chi Reports, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Archaeology
Archaeological expeditions
Local number:
FSA A2003.10
See more items in:
Li Chi Reports 1926-1931
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Lynn McLaren Slides of India: 1960-1969

Creator:
McLaren, Lynn 1922-
Subject:
Nehru, Jawaharlal 1889-1964
Cooke, Hope 1940-
Physical description:
1632 color slides
Type:
Slides (photographs)
Collection descriptions
Place:
India
Date:
1960
1960-1969
Notes:
Lynn McLaren was a freelance photojournalist whose work appeared in National Geographic, Newsweek, and other publications. She also produced several books of photography. The State Department career of her first husband, John Y. Millar, took McLaren to various locales around the world, including India, Tanzania, and Berlin, where she was drawn to shots that included architecture and people, especially children. McLaren went on to earn a degree in photojournalism from the University of Missouri. After her divorce from Millar, she moved to Beaufort, South Carolina. Her years there with her second husband, William Demarest, resulted in a book devoted to images of Beaufort County.
Summary:
A set of original 35mm color slides, photographed in India in the 1960s by photojournalist Lynn McLaren (1922-2008). Subjects include people, street scenes, and temple and domestic architecture. Images from photo assignments include Nehru's funeral pyre, the Queen of Sikkim, and traditional Indian actors.
Local number:
FSA A2007.01
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Additional Online Media:

Samuel Bourne Photograph: Nautch Bungalow Shalimar circa 1860s. bulk dates

Creator:
Bourne, Samuel 1834-1912
Physical description:
1 print : albumen; image, 24 x 29 cm., mounted 31 x 40
Type:
Albumen prints
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
India, Kashmir, Dal Lake
India
Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir, India)
Date:
1860
circa 1860s
bulk dates
Notes:
Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) had already begun to earn recognition for his work in England, having exhibited at the London International Exhibition of 1862, when he decided to give up his position in a bank and depart for India to work as a professional photographer. He arrived in Calcutta early in 1863, initially setting up a partnership with William Howard. They moved up to Simla, where they established a new studio Howard & Bourne, to be joined in 1864 by Charles Shepherd, to form Howard, Bourne & Shepherd. By 1866, after the departure of Howard, it became Bourne & Shepherd, the name under which the firm continues to operate to this day. Although Bourne only spent 6 years in India, his time there was extremely productive. He undertook three major expeditions in the Himalayas, creating an impressive body of work which combined the highest technical quality and a keen artistic eye, while working under difficult physical conditions. Bourne left India for good in 1870, selling his interest in Bourne & Shepherd shortly thereafter and abandoning commercial photography.
The Shalimar Gardens were built by the Mughal emperor Jahangir (r.1605-27) for his wife Mehrunissa, called Nur Jahan, in 1616. The gardens were the inspiration for other gardens of the same name, notably the Shalimar Gardens in Lahore, Pakistan. A simple translation of nautch is "dance" or "dancing". The nautch bungalow was likely a residence for the young girls known as "Nautch girls", who performed one of several styles of popular dance known as Nautch. The performance of Nautch rose to prominence during the later period of Mughal Empire, gradually expanding outside the confines of the Imperial Courts.
Summary:
One albumen print of a nautch bungalow at the Shalimar Garden, Srinagar, India, circa 1860s. With two men next to a pool of water. Signed "Bourne 806" in black ink on bottom right of image. "Nautch Bungalow Shalimar" is inscribed on the board beneath the photograph.
Topic:
Shalimar Garden (Srinagar, India)
Gardens
Gardens, Mogul
Local number:
FSA A1998.07
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

South Asia Photography Collection, 19th century

Photographer:
Burke, John d. 1900
Creator:
Scowen & Co
Shepherd & Robertson
Physical description:
8 prints : albumen ; images 24 x 29 cm. or smaller
Type:
Albumen prints
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
Kandy (Sri Lanka)
Khyber Pass (Afghanistan and Pakistan)
Khyber (Pakistan)
Sikandra Rao (India)
Date:
19th century
Notes:
John Burke (1843-1900) was an Irishman who came to India as an apothecary with the Royal Engineers. A few years later, he became the assistant of the photographer William Baker. At the start of the Second Anglo-Afghan War, Burke tried to go as an official photographer with the British Army, but his request was refused. He decided to travel with the Army at his own expense, financing his trip by selling photographs depicting the life of British soldiers and native people of India. It was in this context that Burke took some of the earliest photographs of Afghanistan.
Summary:
Taken in the later 19th and early 20th centuries, these photographs portray the people, architecture and landscape of Sri Lanka, India and what is now the Pakistan-Afghanistan border area. The collection consists of 8 photographic prints: 1. Natives of Rajputana, signed "Shepherd & Robertson Photo 1120" in black ink in the lower left corner; 2, Native Soldiers in Armour, unsigned; 3. Kandyan Chiefs and Government Agent, signed "Scowen & Co." in white ink in the lower left corner; 4. Taj Mahal, unsigned; 5. Mausoleum of the Great Akbar at the Secundra, unsigned; 6. Ali Musjid and Surroundings from Rotass, Looking Down on Fort, Showing Ascent with River, signed "Burke 28" in white ink in the lower left corner; 7. A Khyber Village, signed " Burke 32" in black ink and in white ink in the lower left corner; 8. Rifle Practice, signed "Burke 285" in black ink in the lower left corner.
Topic:
Rajput (Indic people)
Akbar--Tomb
Soldiers
Forts
Taj Mahal (Agra, India)
Local number:
FSA A1992.07
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Additional Online Media:

Thomas Daniell Collection, 1803

Creator:
Daniell, Thomas 1749-1840
Physical description:
1 vol. : ill.; 77 x 59 cm. & pencil and ink wash on paper (73 x 46 cm.)
Type:
Aquatints
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Place:
India, Maharashtra, Ellora Caves
India
Ellora Caves (India)
Date:
1803
Notes:
These aquatints depict the archaeological site known as Ellora, located approximately 19 miles from the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Known for its monumental caves, Ellora is an outstanding example of Indian rock-cut architecture. The 34 "caves" - structures excavated out of the vertical face of the Charanandri hills - are Buddhist, Hindu and Jain rock-cut temples and monasteries, dating from between the 5th century and 10th century. English landscape painter Thomas Daniell (1749-1840), who is best known for his monumental 6-volume work "Oriental Scenery", visited Ellora at some point during his 10 years of travel in India. Coming at a time when there was increased interest on the part of the English elite in the customs, culture and architecture of distant lands, Daniell's work offered a new vision of "exotic" India that would influence both decorative artists and architects.
Summary:
Collection consists of two items: 1. "Oriental Scenery, Vol. 5. Hindoo Excavations in the Mountain of Ellora, near Aurungabad, in the Decan." Atlas folio, 77 x 59 cm., bound in contemporary quarter roan over marbled boards, with 24 hand-colored aquatints by James Wales under the direction of Thomas Daniell and an engraved aquatint title page. Self-published by Daniell in London, 1808. Depicts images of the rock-cut architecture at the Ellora Caves near Aurangabad. 2. Original pencil and wash sketch by Thomas Daniell, depicting a waterfront scene populated by a group of small figures, some holding umbrellas. Unsigned, undated, 73 x 46 cm, backed with thicker paper.
Topic:
Rock-cut architecture
Local number:
FSA A2001.04
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Willoughby Wallace Hooper Photograph of Grasscutters in India, circa 1870-1904

Creator:
Hooper, Willoughby Wallace 1837-1912
Physical description:
1 print : albumen image 19 x 31 cm., mounted 40 x 51 cm
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Albumen prints
Place:
India
Date:
1870
circa 1870-1904
Notes:
Hooper was an English army officer who spent over 40 years in India. Early in his career, he became known for being an avid and accomplished amateur photographer. As a result, in 1862 Hooper was transferred to the 4th Cavalry where he worked almost exclusively on acquiring portraits of the people of Central India. These portraits were undertaken as part of the India Office's efforts to assemble a vast database of visual information and descriptive texts on the complex society of colonial India. This database would eventually be published as a monumental eight-volume catalog entitled "The People of India: a Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan." Hooper was also known for his photographs of the Madras Famine of 1876-1878 and the Third Burmese War.
Summary:
This collection consists of one item: Albumen print by Col. Willoughby Wallace Hooper, depicting a family of grass cutters in Indian, circa 1870s.
Topic:
East Indians
Local number:
FSA A1998.04
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Panorama of Elphinstone Circle, Bombay, ca. 1870s

Creator:
ANONYMOUS
Physical description:
4 prints : albumen, mounted contiguously ; overall dimensions 22 x 111 cm
Type:
Albumen prints
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
India, Maharashtra, Bombay (Mumbai)
India
Bombay (India)
Date:
1870
ca 1870s
1860-1880
Notes:
The Elphinstone Circle was a large garden complex in south Bombay, laid out in 1869 and completed in 1972. With the support of then-governor Lord Elphinstone, the green space known as Bombay Greens was converted into a circle surrounded by buildings, with walkways and trees planted throughout and an ornamental fountain in the center. The whole park was then renamed Elphinstone Circle after the governor. In 1947, the garden was again renamed, this time in honor of Benjamin Horniman, the editor of the Bombay Chronicle and supporter of Indian independence.
Summary:
Four albumen prints by an anonymous photographer, mounted contiguously on paper, depicting a panoramic view of the Elphinstone Circle (Horniman Circle Gardens), Bombay (Mumbai).
Topic:
Gardens
Parks
Local number:
FSA A2000.02
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Still Prints of Asia: Street view in Bhoondi, ca. 1900

Creator:
Bourne and Shepherd
Bourne and Shepherd
Physical description:
1 print : carbon ; 37 x 61 cm
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
Bundi (India : District)
Date:
1888
Notes:
Samuel Bourne and Charles Shepherd were British photographers active in India in the mid-to-late 19th century. Bourne's career began with his arrival in Calcutta in 1863. In Simla, he formed a partnership with two established photographers, Shepherd and Howard (likely William Howard). Howard soon left, and within a few years, Bourne & Shepherd had become the most successful firm in the subcontinent, with their work widely distributed throughout India and in Britain. Two additional studios were opened in Calcutta (1867) and Bombay (1870). Bourne departed in 1870 and was replaced as principal photographer by Colin Murray. Shepherd returned to England in 1879. The firm changed ownership numerous times in the early 20th century and currently operates under the same name in Calcutta -- perhaps the oldest photographic studio still in operation.
Bundi is a district in the state of Rajasthan in northwest India; during the era of British rule, Bundi was a princely state.
Summary:
One carbon print, circa late 19th or early 20th century, with title, photographers' credit and reference number 2292 in the negative, appearing on the print in white on the lower left and right corners. Depicts a street scene in Bhoondi (probably Bundi), with hills in the background and Indian architecture and people in the foreground.
Local number:
FSA A1999.31
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Photographs of Sri Lanka, circa 1880s

Photographers:
Scowen & Co
Physical description:
3 prints : albumen
Type:
Landscapes (representations)
Collection descriptions
Albumen prints
Photographs
Portraits
Place:
Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Kandy, Kandy
Sri Lanka
Kandy (Sri Lanka)
Ceylon
Date:
1880
1880-1889
circa 1880s
Notes:
British photographer Charles T. Scowen arrived in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in the early 1870s, where he was first employed as a clerk. By 1876, Scowen had established a studio, Scowen & Co., in Kandy, with a second location appearing in Columbo by the 1890s. There appear to have been several Scowens working in the studios, as Charles T. Scowen returned to England in 1885. C. Scowen was listed as the proprietor until 1891 and M. Scowen was the proprietor when the firm was finally sold in 1893. Images from Scowen & Co. were used to illustrate a number of books about Ceylon and the tea trade.
Summary:
Three albumen prints by the studio of Scowen & Co., circa 1880s, depicting a lake in Kanda, a group of Kandyan chiefs, and T.B. Panabokka and his family. Panabokka was the Kandyan member of the Legislative Council.
Topic:
Families
Local number:
FSA A1994.05
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Additional Online Media:

Milo Beach collection, Samuel Bourne Photographs, circa 1870

Creator:
Bourne, Samuel 1834-1912
Physical description:
1 print : albumen from wet collodion negative ; 24 x 29 cm
1 print : albumen from wet collodion negative ; 23 x 29 cm
1 print : albumen from wet collodion negative ; 24 x 29 cm
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Albumen prints
Place:
India
Ellora Caves (India)
Date:
1870
circa 1870
Notes:
Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) had already begun to earn recognition for his work in England, having exhibited at the London International Exhibition of 1862, when he decided to give up his position in a bank and depart for India to work as a professional photographer. He arrived in Calcutta early in 1863, initially setting up a partnership with William Howard. They moved up to Simla, where they established a new studio Howard & Bourne, to be joined in 1864 by Charles Shepherd, to form Howard, Bourne & Shepherd. By 1866, after the departure of Howard, it became Bourne & Shepherd, the name under which the firm continues to operate to this day. Although Bourne only spent 6 years in India, his time there was extremely productive. He undertook three major expeditions in the Himalayas, creating an impressive body of work which combined the highest technical quality and a keen artistic eye, while working under difficult physical conditions. Bourne left India for good in 1870, selling his interest in Bourne & Shepherd shortly thereafter and abandoning commercial photography.
The Qutb Minar in Delhi, India, is the world's tallest brick and stone minaret, standing 72.5 meters high. The structure is one of the earliest examples of Indo-Islamic architecture and was commissioned by India's first Muslim ruler, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, marking the beginning of Muslim rule which would end only with the arrival of the British in the 19th century. Ancient Hindu temples located on the site were torn down and the debris was used in the construction.
The archaeological site known as Ellora is located approximately 19 miles from the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Known for its monumental caves, Ellora is an outstanding example of Indian rock-cut architecture. The 34 "caves" - structures excavated out of the vertical face of the Charanandri hills - are Buddhist, Hindu and Jain rock-cut temples and monasteries, dating from between the 5th century and 10th century.
Bibi Ka Maqbara, which translates as "Tomb of the Lady," is a mausoleum near Aurangabad. Modeled after the Taj Mahal, the Bibi Ka Maqbara was built between 1651 and 1661 by Prince Azam Khan Shah, son of the Mugal Emperor Aurangzeb, in honor his mother Rabia Durani, also known as Dilras Banu Begum.
Summary:
This collection consists of three photographic prints, mounted on board, by Samuel Bourne: I. Albumen print from wet collodion negative, 24 x 29 cm., circa 1870, signed on the plate with the catalog number 1340. Penciled in the lower right corner "Kutab Minar with the Great Arch and From the West - Delhi". Photo depicts the Qutb Minar at Quwwat al-Islam mosque in Delhi. II. Albumen print from wet collodion negative, 23 x 29 cm., circa 1870. Depicts the Jain temple known as the Court of Indra at the Ellora Caves near Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra. III. Albumen print from wet collodion negative, 24 x 29 cm., circa 1870. Depicts the Bibi Ka Maqbara (Tomb of Rabia Durrani) in Aurangabad.
Topic:
Mausoleums
Kutb Minar (Delhi, India)
Temples
Rock-cut architecture
Local number:
FSA A2001.05
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Additional Online Media:

Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs

Photographer:
Xunling 1874-1943
Subject:
Cixi Empress dowager of China 1835-1908
Xunling 1874-1943
Der Ling Princess 1885-1944
Guangxu Emperor of China 1871-1908
Wanrong 1906-1946
Li, Lianying 1848-1911
Physical description:
44 items
Type:
Glass negatives
Collection descriptions
Place:
China, Beijing, Beijing
China
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
Forbidden City (Peking, China)
Date:
1903
Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Summary:
Cixi (慈禧太后 勋龄 颐和园 鱚 隆裕皇后 瑾妃 德龄公主 容龄 裕太太 李連英 崔玉贵
Cite as:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Topic:
Photography
Empresses
Palaces
Eunuchs
History
Local number:
FSA A.13
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Photograph of Duanfang and Colleagues

Creator:
Sickman, L. C. S (Laurence C. S.) (Collector)
Subject:
Duanfang 1861-1911
Physical description:
Silver gelatin
1 photographic print : b&w ; 17.5 x 23 cm
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
China, Beijing, Beijing
China
Date:
1907
Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Notes:
Duanfang was an officer in the Qing court who amassed an important art collection, which included jades, bronzes, paintings and sculpture. Duanfang worked in many different positions, including as a customs officer and a provincial governor. In the summer of 1905, Duanfang travelled to the West to research how governments in the United States and Europe functioned. In 1911, Duanfang travelled to Sichuan Province to oversee railroad construction. At the outbreak of the Xinhai Revolution, Duanfang was beheaded by his own imperial troops, who were sympathetic to local revolutionaries.
Summary:
This photograph depicts Duanfang and other men surrounding a bronze altar set that was later acquired by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The photograph was acquired by art historian Laurence Sickman, who lent if for many years to the Metropolitan where it was displayed in the galleries with the bronze alter set.
Cite as:
Photograph of Duanfang and Colleagues with bronze altar, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Gift of Thomas Lawton
Topic:
Manchu
History
Local number:
FSA A2004.03
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

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