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John Calvin Ferguson Family Papers, 1889-1962, (bulk 1890-1944)

Creator:
Ferguson, John Calvin 1866-1945
Subject:
Ferguson, John Calvin 1866-1945
Physical description:
7 linear feet
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Newspaper clippings
Photograph albums
Speeches
Place:
China, Shanghai, Shanghai
China
Nanjing (Jiangsu Sheng, China)
Shanghai (China)
Date:
1899
1889-1962
bulk 1890-1944
19th century
20th century
Local number:
A1999.33
Notes:
John Calvin Ferguson was an advisor to the Executive Yüan of the National Government of China, college president, author, and art collector. Born in Napanee, Ontario, Canada in 1866, Ferguson was ordained to the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal church in 1885, and awarded a Ph.D. degree from Boston University in 1902. Following his marriage to Mary E. Wilson, he went to China in 1887 as a missionary, where he founded a Methodist school, the Hui wen shu yüan, which eventually became the University of Nanking. He assumed the position of first president of Nanyang Public School (Nan-yang kung hsüeh) at Shanghai from 1897-1902. Subsequently, he became a member of the Treaty Commission, secretary to the Chinese Ministry of Commerce and later chief secretary of the Imperial Chinese Railway Administration while being concurrently advisor to the Viceroys of Nanking and Wu-ch'ang. In Shanghai Dr. Ferguson was honorary secretary of the North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, proprieter of the Shanghai Times (daily), and editor of Sin Wan Pao, the leading daily newspaper, which he owned until 1929. During his last year in Shanghai, he became chairman of the Central China Famine Relief Committee. Moving to Peking in 1911, he became vice-president of the Red Cross Society and was appointed foreign secretary for the Ministry of Posts and Communications until 1912. From 1915 he became counselor of the department of state in China, and later served as advisor to the president of the Republic until 1928. During 1923-1931 Ferguson was joint-editor of The China Journal. Ferguson's art collection was temporarily placed in the Wen hua tien in the Palace in 1935, before going to the University of Nanking. Leaving Peking in 1943, Ferguson and his daughter Mary traveled back to the United States, where he died in 1945. Among his publications were Outlines of Chinese Art, 1919; Chinese Painting, 1927; Noted Porcelains of Successive Dynasties, 1931; Catalogue of Recorded Paintings, 1934; and Catalogue of Recorded Bronzes, 1934
Summary:
Papers (some are photocopies), portions in Chinese, of John Calvin Ferguson, his daughter Mary, and grandson Peter Ferguson and Peter's wife Jean. The bulk of the papers, 1890-1944, concern John C. Ferguson and include one holograph dated 1902 to Headland; typescripts of addresses given to the University of Nanking, 1909-1929, and a eulogy by Fu Tseng-hsi, a translation of his address to a public school in Shanghai, a mimeographed description of 55th anniversary of the University of Nanking, two newspaper clippings, and a 1936 issue of Caravan; and still prints and four photograph albums, 1890-1937, portraying Ferguson, his wife and family, Chinese officials, members of the Treaty Commission, landscape painting by T'ang Tai (1637-?), and works given to the University of Nanking. Additional papers mostly concern family members attempting to acquire documentation of Dr. Ferguson and to retrieve portions of his estate that remained in China
Cite as:
John Calvin Ferguson Family Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Peter Ferguson, 1999
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Henry and Nancy Rosin Collection of Early Photography of Japan, 1860 - ca. 1900

Collector:
Rosin, Henry D Dr
Rosin, Nancy
Creator:
Lyman, Benjamin Smith 1835-1920
Ueno, Hikoma 1838-1904
Beato, Felice b. ca. 1825
Stillfried, Raimund Baron von 1839-1911
Underwood & Underwood
Subject:
Meiji Emperor of Japan 1852-1912
Shōken Empress, consort of Meiji, Emperor of Japan 1850-1914
Japanese tea ceremony
Physical description:
ca. 616 items
Type:
Mammoth plates
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Photograph albums
Stereographs
Cartes-de-visite
Photographic prints
Place:
Japan
Kyoto (Japan)
Tokyo (Japan)
Yokohama-shi (Japan)
Date:
1860
1860-1900
1860 - ca 1900
1890-1900
1850-1900
Topic:
Ainu
Photography of women
Streets
Temples
Samurai
Sumo wrestlers
Religion
Local number:
FSA A1999.35; A2000.5; A2000.6; A2001.12
Notes:
Henry and Nancy Rosin were collectors of Japanese photography of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
Summary:
Assembled by collectors Dr. Henry D. Rosin and Nancy Rosin to document nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century photography of Japan. Includes albumen prints, portions handcolored, some signed and numbered in the negative. Taken by photographers Felice Beato (b. ca. 1825), Baron Raimon von Stillfried (1938-1911), Kusakabe Kimbei (active 1880s), Ueno Hikoma (1838-1904), Ogawa Kazumasa (1860-1929) and unknown photographers to depict architecture, landscapes, formal studio portraits, and daily activities
Cite as:
Henry and Nancy Rosin Collection of Early Photography of Japan. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Purchase and partial donation
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Henry and Nancy Rosin Collection of Early Photography of Japan 1860 - ca. 1900
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Robert O. Muller Papers, 1930-1997

Creator:
Muller, Robert O. 1911-2003
Physical description:
7.5 linear feet
Type:
Auction catalogs
Collection descriptions
Exhibition catalogs
Price lists
Photographic prints
Correspondence
Place:
USA, Connecticut, New Haven
Japan
Date:
1930-1997
20th century
19th century
Topic:
Prints, Japanese
Art--Collectors and collecting
Printmakers
shin-hanga
Description and travel
Local number:
A2003.14
Notes:
Born in 1911 in Pelham, New York, art collector, dealer, and connoisseur Robert O. Muller assembled a collection of nearly 4,500 late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Japanese prints throughout his life. As a history student at Harvard University, Mr. Muller's world renowned print collection began to take shape with the purchase of the print 'Kiyosu Bridge" by Kawase Hasui for $5.00 from the Shima Art Company in 1931. Mr. Muller married Ingeborg Lee in 1940 and their honeymoon in Japan played a critical role in Mr. Muller's development as an art dealer and collector. They spent five months there and met with many important artists and dealers and purchased thousands of prints for both their personal art collection and for commerce. Upon their return to the States, Mr. Muller purchased the Shima Art Company's assets and started the Robert Lee Gallery with his partner William Lee Comerford in 1940. With the attack on Pearl Harbor, Muller and Comerford closed the Robert Lee Gallery and later reopened it in a different Manhattan location. The Mullers moved to Newton, Connecticut, in 1946 and reestablished the Robert Lee Gallery there. In 1962, Muller purchased a frame shop, Merwin's Art Shop, in New Haven, Connecticut. Although primarily a framing shop, Muller not only befriended many scholars and academics from nearby Yale University but sold Japanese prints from the back room. From that initial purchase of 'Kiyosu Bridge' in 1931 up until his death in 2003, Robert Muller amassed what many art historians, collectors, and curators regarded as the finest collection of its type in the world. Muller bequeathed his Japanese print collection, archival materials, and library to the Sackler Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution
Summary:
Personal papers created by Robert O. Muller (1911-2003), a Connecticut-based collector who over the course of seventy years had assembled one of the world's finest collections of Japanese prints from the late 1860s through the 1940s.The papers include Muller's correspondence, subject files, business transactions, and research pertaining to Japanese woodblock prints
Cite as:
Robert O. Muller Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Bequest of Robert O. Muller, 2003
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Amb. Richard B. Parker Photographs of Islamic Monuments 1965-1979

Creator:
Parker, Richard Bordeaux 1923-
Physical description:
681 items
Type:
Photographic prints
Collection descriptions
Negatives
Place:
Cairo (Egypt)
Algeria
Fès (Morocco)
Marrakech (Morocco)
Meknès (Morocco)
Morocco
Rabat-Salé (Morocco)
Syria
Jordan
Date:
1965
1965-1979
Topic:
Islamic antiquities
Local number:
A2002.6
Notes:
Richard Bordeaux Parker was born on July 3, 1923, in the Philippines where his father was stationed in the United States Army. He earned a Bachelors of Science in General Science and a Masters of Science in Citizenship Education from Kansas State University. After serving as an infantry soldier during World War II, Parker joined the U.S. Foreign Service in 1949. His first tour was spent in Sydney, Australia. He then focused his career on the Middle East, holding a number of posts in Israel, Jordan, and Egypt. In addition, Parker served as ambassador to Algeria (1974-1977), Lebanon (1977), and Morocco (1978-1979.) Fluent in Arabic, he has written/edited seven books to date on subjects concerning the Middle East. He retired from the U.S. Foreign Service in 1981 and became the editor of, The Middle East Journal, from 1981 through 1987. In addition to his diplomatic career, Parker taught at the University of Virginia, Johns Hopkins University, and Lawrence University. He served as the first president of the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training from 1986-1989. He is also a member of several organizations including the Advisory Council on Near East Studies at Princeton University, the American Academy of Diplomacy, the Cosmos Club, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Middle East Institute. In June, 2004, he received the American Foreign Service Association's lifetime Contributions to American Diplomacy award. Richard B. Parker is married with four children and lives in Washington, D.C
Summary:
The Amb. Richard B. Parker Photographs contains 200 black and white prints, 481 black and white negatives, and two black and white contact sheets of Islamic monuments in Algeria, Cairo, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Morocco, and Spain. The Morocco series in the largest in the collection covering four cities. Photographs from Cairo span the years 1965-1968. All other photographs span the years 1970-1979. Originally, the negatives and prints were housed together. Although the negatives are now housed separately from the prints, they are grouped in the original order. All prints are in original order. Most of the photographs have been annotated and/or dated by the creator
Cite as:
Amb. Richard B. Parker Photographs, 1965-1979. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution. Washington, D.C. Gift of Ambassador Richard B. Parker, 2002
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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A.W. Bahr papers 1919-1957

Creator:
Bahr, A. W
Subject:
Bahr, A. W
Cammell, Charles Richard
Physical description:
1.25 linear feet
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Place:
Canada, Quebec, Montreal
China
Japan
England
Connecticut
Date:
1919
1919-1957
Topic:
Art, Chinese
Art, Japanese
China--Description and travel
Japan--Description and travel
Local number:
A2001.14
Notes:
A.W. Bahr was born in Shanghai in 1877 to a German father and a Chinese mother. He founded the Central Trading Company with a friend in 1898. Throughout the next few years, he remained in China, organizing various art exhibitions with pieces from his own collection. Bahr moved to London, England in 1910, where he continued to exhibit art, finally moving to Canada with his family in 1946. Before his death in 1959, Bahr donated pieces of his collection to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Royal Ontario Museum of Archaeology, and the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts
Summary:
This collection contains manuscript drafts and notes for Bahr's memoir, written by Bahr himself and C.R. Cammell, who was also the editor of 'The Connoisseur' magazine. Other papers include correspondence with collectors of Chinese art or other figures in the art world, such as Lord Kitchener, the King and Queen of Sweden, Walter Muir Whitehill, Kenjiro Matsumoto and Senator Theodore Francis Green, among others. The bulk of the collection contains approximately 300 photographs of different Chinese art objects, from jade figurines to pottery to paintings. Most of these photographs are unidentified, but some of them include marginalia that indicate that they were of Bahr's own art objects for publication in books or articles. Photographs which are identified point to art objects also belonging to Bahr. The photographs have been organized based on the object type in the photograph, such as painting, statue or figurine
Cite as:
A.W. Bahr Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Penelope Jane Bahr, November 12th, 2001
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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James Cahill papers 1945-1996

Creator:
Cahill, James 1926-
Subject:
Barnhart, Richard M. 1934-
Cahill, James 1926-
Fong, Wen
Fu, Shen 1937-
Lawton, Thomas 1931-
Ledderose, Lothar date
Lee, Sherman E
Li, Chu-tsing 1920-
Pope, John Alexander
Sickman, L. C. S (Laurence C. S.)
Soper, Alexander Coburn 1904-
Vinograd, Richard Ellis date
Wang, Chi-ch'ien
Wu, Nelson Ikon 1919-
Asian Art Museum of San Francisco
College Art Association of America
Freer Gallery of Art
Guo li gu gong bo wu yuan
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)
Physical description:
15 linear feet
Type:
Postcards
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Place:
USA, California, Berkeley
Berkeley (Calif.)
China
Japan
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1945
1945-1996
Topic:
Art historians
Art, Chinese
Art, Japanese
Local number:
A2001.11
Notes:
James Cahill was born in Fort Bragg, California in 1926. After studying in Berkeley, Michigan, New York, and Kyoto, he joined the staff of the Freer and Sackler Gallery as curator of Chinese art in 1956. He published his first obok, "Chinese Painting," in 1960, and left the Freer and Sackler Gallery in 1965 to teach art history at the University of California, Berkeley.In 1973, Cahill joined the first group of art historians to visit China as part of the Chinese Archaelogical Delegation. Cahill later taught at Harvard and Princeton, and currently lives in Vancouver, Canada
Summary:
Papers created by Asian art historian, curator, and collector Dr. James Francis Cahill. Includes personal and professional correspondence and project files documenting his many publications, lectures and activities in the Asian art field. Portions record his early career at the Freer Gallery of Art, where he served as curator of Chinese art from 1957-1965, and his tenure (1965-1994) as Professor of the History of Art at the University of California, Berkeley. The folder descriptions were retained from Cahill's own folder titles and organized alphabetically within each series. The correspondence files include communication with some of the most influential members of the Asian art community including: Richard M. Barnhart, Wen Fong, Shen fu, Thomas Lawton, Lothar Ledderose, Sherman Lee, Chu-tsing Li, John A. Pope, Alan Priest, Laurence Sickman, Osvald Siren, Alexander Soper, C.C. Wang, Fangyu Wang, and Nelson Wu, as well as letters exchanged with art organizations such as the San Francisco Asian Art Museum, Freer Gallery of Art, College Art Association, National Palace Museum, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The project files include Cahill's notes; clippings; publicity and announcements; photographs; drafts of articles and speeches; and correspondence pertaining to specific projects such as the Taiwan photo project, exhibitions, and numerous lectures and symposia in which he participated
Cite as:
James Cahill papers, 1945-1996. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of James Cahill, December 12th, 2001
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Architectural drawings by Lionel Bier of Iranian archaeological monuments, 1975-1976

Creator:
Bier, Lionel D. 1942-2004
Physical description:
29 architectural drawings
Type:
Architectural drawings
Collection descriptions
Place:
USA, New York, New York
Iran
Date:
1975
1975-1976
Topic:
Archaeology
Architecture--Sassanid
Local number:
A2004.05
Notes:
The late Lionel D. Bier, art historian and archaeologist, taught art history at Brooklyn College for more than 30 years. He was primarily active in researching the archaeological record of pre- and early-Islamic Iran. Among his noted publications are: Sarvistan: A Study in Early Iranian Architecture (1986) and The Sassanian Palaces and their Influence in Early Islam, from Ars Orientalis (Vol. 23, 1993)
Summary:
Twenty-nine ink and pencil drawings documenting, usually both in plan and elevation, a number of both pre-Islamic and Islamic Iranian architectural monuments, executed on site between 1975 and 1976. Focus primarily is on Sassanian sites. Sites covered include: Bishapur, Firuzabad, Istakhr, Masjid-i Sang, Sarvistan, and Shari-i Ij
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Carol Bier and Lionel Bier photographic archives: archaeological sites and monuments in Iran (1975-76)

Creator:
Bier, Carol
Bier, Lionel D. 1942-2004
Physical description:
circa 2500 frames : black and white (2 binders)
Culture:
Sassanians
Qashqāʼī (Turkic people) Iran
Type:
Negatives
Collection descriptions
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Iran, Fars
Iran
Mamasānī (Iran)
Date:
1975
1975-1976
1950-2000
Topic:
Archaeology
Architecture, Sassanid
Local number:
A.2008.01
Notes:
Carol Bier is an historian of Islamic art who is Research Associate at The Textile Museum in Washington, DC, where she served as Curator for Eastern Hemisphere Collections from 1984-2001. Her research focuses on Islamic patterns as intersections of art and mathematics
The late Lionel D. Bier, art historian and archaeologist, taught art history at Brooklyn College for more than 30 years. He was primarily active in researching the archaeological record of pre- and early-Islamic Iran. Among his noted publications are: Sarvistan: A Study in Early Iranian Architecture (1986) and The Sassanian Palaces and their Influence in Early Islam, from Ars Orientalis (Vol. 23, 1993)
Summary:
Photographs taken by Carol Bier and Lionel Bier, comprising two binders of black and white 35mm negatives and contact sheets as well as a collection of color slides documenting both pre-Islamic and Islamic Iranian architectural monuments, taken 1975-1976. Focus primarily on the Sasanian sites of Fars province, focusing on built monuments, rock reliefs, and rock-cut monuments. Sites include: Firuzabad, Naqshi-Rustam, Naqshi-Rajab, Bishapur, Sarvistan, and Taq-i Bustan. Also includes a small number of ethnographic images by Carol Bier, predominanly of the Qashqai and Mamasani. Some of these images have been used previously in publications by both the authors themselves as well as other scholars
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Russell Hamilton Postcard and Photograph Collection, circa 1895-1909

Creator:
Hamilton, Russell d. 1911 (collector)
Physical description:
193 postcards and photographs : black and white and color
Type:
Postcards
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
China
Egypt
Hong Kong
India
Japan
Kuwait
Oman
Somalia
Sri Lanka
Yemen
Date:
1909
circa 1895-1909
1890-1920
Topic:
Description and travel
Local number:
A2001.13
Summary:
Assembled by English petty officer Russell Hamilton (d. 1911) during his voyages made prior to 1909, likely for the British Merchant Marines, documenting images of China, Egypt, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Kuwait, Oman, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Somalia, Sri Lanka, and Yemen. The items date from between the late 1890's and 1909.The 183 photographic postcards are both black and white and hand-tinted with many captions in English created for Western audiences They were produced by various publishers, among whom Clifton & Co. The 10 silver prints depict people in daily activities, culture groups, street scenes, city views, architectural monuments and landscapes
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Mrs. Harry C. Norcross Collection of Early Photographs of Japan, circa 1890's

Creator:
Norcross, Henry C.
Norcross, Henry C. Mrs
Physical description:
13 albumen prints : color ; 27.9 x 19.2 cm or smaller
Type:
Albumen prints
Collection descriptions
Place:
Japan
Date:
1890-1900
19th century
Topic:
Photography
Local number:
A2003.13
Summary:
Unmounted and hand-colored albumen prints created by unidentified commercial studios for the export market, portraying the people, sites and daily life of Japan during the Meiji period. Originally part of a published photo album. Photographers identified: Tamamura Kozaburo and Ogawa Kazumasa. Images include: Women looking at a sign ; Women enjoying tea on a balcony ; Geikos on a leisure boat ; Cherry trees along Koganei Banks ; A row of Japanese cedar trees along the Nikko Road ; Statue of nio ; Nobi great earthquake
Cite as:
Mrs. Henry C. Norcross Collection of Early Photography of Japan. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Jean Leslie Norcross, 2003
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Martha Smith Collection of Stereographs and Postcards, circa 1904

Creator:
Underwood & Underwood
Mayor, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt) 1901-1980
Underwood & Underwood Studios
Exposition universelle de 1867 (Paris, France)
Subject:
Meiji Emperor of Japan 1852-1912
Physical description:
51 stereographs: black and white
2 postcards: black and white
Type:
Stereographs
Collection descriptions
Postcards
Place:
Japan
Date:
1904
circa 1904
1900-1910
Local number:
A2002.02
Notes:
The cards were most likely assembled by Ms. Smith's father, A. Hyatt Mayor (1901-1980), art historian, writer, and Metropolitan Museum of Art Curator of Prints from 1946-1966
Underwood & Underwood was an early photographic studio who produced steroscopic and photographic images from 1881 to the 1940s. Founded in Ottawa, Kansas by brothers Elmer Underwood and Bert Elias Underwood, the studio worked in Ottawa, Baltimore, and New York City. They sold box sets of photographs and set up distribution offices throughout the world. Underwood & Underwood covered major news events like the Boer War and the Great War
Summary:
43 stereographs from the early twentieth century were produced by the Underwood & Underwood Studio depicting various scenes and people from Meiji Japan, 3 stereographs from the 1867 Exposition Universelle in Paris, France, and two black and white postcards from Japan. Specific Japanese locations depicted include: Yokohama; Mississippi Bay and the Mikado Cliffs; Tokyo; Mt. Haruna, Ikao; Kyoto; Hiroshima; Lake Chuzenji
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Xie Zhiliu Papers, 1951, 1961-1977

Creator:
Xie, Zhiliu
Subject:
Xie, Zhiliu
Chen, Peiqi
Lao, Jixiong
Physical description:
circa 800 items
Type:
Personal papers
Collection descriptions
Writings
Negatives
Diaries
Photograph albums
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
China, Shanghai, Shanghai
China
Taiwan
Date:
1961
1961-1977
1951, 1961-1977
1950-2000
Topic:
Painting, Chinese
Calligraphy, Chinese
Local number:
A1993.34
Notes:
Xie Zhiliu (1910-1997) was a painter, art historian, art theorist, and connoisseur of Chinese art and in particular traditional Chinese painting and calligraphy. His wife Chen Peiqiu (1923-) was also a painter
Summary:
Papers, 1951; 1961-1977, and undated, in Chinese, Some recorded in brush calligraphy, including: biographical data; membership cards; over 30 honorary awards and appointments; a hospital diary recorded by Xie's nurses to document his last 100 day; nearly 50 letters (received 1981-1997) from colleagues and friends; a few personal journals; writings by Xie or copied by him (some in bound volumes), mostly related to his research on artists and his publications, including chronologies of artists, notes on the authentication and identification of Chinese painting and calligraphy in various collections, a speech draft, and manuscripts of Wang Xian, Guo Xi heji and others; Lao Jixiong's 1986 manuscript of Dunhuang shiku; poems copied and written by Xie, or created for him by firends; invitations and two exhibition guest books; printed material; seal impressions; 27 photo album containing over 1800 photographs that show Xie, his wife Chen Peiqiu and their family, fellow artists, colleagues and friends, exhibition receptions and installations, works by other artists and historical manuscripts from various collections, and nearly 500 still photographs, and over 300 glass, cut film, and roll film negatives, mostly illustrating his paintings, cave sites, works by other artists, and historical manuscripts
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Anne J. van Biema papers

Creator:
Biema, Anne van
Subject:
Ukiyo-e Society of America
Physical description:
6 linear feet
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Personal papers
Place:
USA, New York, New York
United States
Date:
19??
Edo period, 1600-1868
Topic:
Color prints, Japanese
Ukiyoe
Ukiyoe--Collectors and collecting
Color prints, Japanese--Collectors and collecting
Local number:
A2004.02
accession number
Notes:
Anne J. van Biema (1916-2004), former active member and officer of the Ukiyo-e Society of America. Collector of Japanese woodblock prints. Some of her collection of prints, now in the permanent collection of the Sackler, were previously displayed as a loan in the Sackler's "Masterful Illusions" exhibition in 2002
Summary:
Correspondence, research files, genealogical files, records pertaining to the Ukiyo-e Society of America, photographs (some framed, some black and white, color snapshots of prints)
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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The A.G. Wenley Papers 1924-1926

Creator:
Wenley, A. G (Archibald Gibson) 1898-1962
Subject:
Wenley, A. G (Archibald Gibson) 1898-1962
Bishop, Carl Whiting 1881-1942
Physical description:
3 boxes
Type:
Field notes
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Maps
Place:
China
Beidaihe (China)
Yun'gang Caves (China)
Date:
1924-1926
Topic:
Archaeological expeditions
Archaeology
Local number:
FSA.A1996.05
Notes:
A.G. Wenley worked for the Freer Gallery of Art from 1924 until his death in 1962. From 1942 to 1962 he was the Director of the Freer Gallery of Art
Summary:
This collection consists of the field journals and maps created by A.G. Wenley when he accompanied Carl Whiting Bishop on his archaeological expedition to China on behalf of the Freer Gallery from 1924-1926. The journals are typewritten, with photographs and captions depicting the different sites Wenley visited. There are also duplicate copies with annotations on several of the entries
Cite as:
The A.G. Wenley Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
See more items in:
The A.G. Wenley Papers 1924-1926
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Li Chi Reports 1926-1931

Creator:
Li, Ji 1896-1979
Subject:
Li, Ji 1896-1979
Bishop, Carl Whiting 1881-1942
Physical description:
3 boxes
Type:
Reports
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Maps
Place:
China
Date:
1926-1931
Topic:
Archaeology
Archaeological expeditions
Local number:
A2003.10
Notes:
Li Chi was born in 1896 in Hubei Province, China. He recieved his Ph.D. in anthropology from Harvard in 1923. He was a member of Carl Whiting Bishop's archaeological team during Freer Gallery sponsored expeditions to China from 1926 to 1929. His later activities were funded both by the Freer Gallery and Academia Sinica. His chief contribution to archaeology was the systematic excavation of Anyang, and the establishment of the historical authenticity of the Shang dynasty. After the Japanese invasion and the fall of the Mainland to the Communists, Li fled to Taiwan where he was head of anthropology and archaeology at the National University
Summary:
Li Chi was a prominent Chinese archaeologist, trained in the United States and one of the first Chinese archaeologists to conduct and teach scientific archaeology in China. This collection contains the manuscripts of the reports Li Chi prepared for the Freer Gallery when he was a member of the archaeological expeditions in China sponsored by the Freer Gallery of Art and headed by Carl Whiting Bishop during the years 1926 to 1929. The Li Chi Reports describe the expedition's findings at various Chinese archaeological sites, including Hsi-yin-ts'un which details an archaeological dig co-sponsored by the Freer Gallery of Art and the Tsing Hua Research Institute and the 1928-1929 excavation at Yin-Hsu
Cite as:
The Li Chi Reports, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
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Li Chi Reports 1926-1931
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Lynn McLaren slides: 1960-1969

Creator:
McLaren, Lynn 1922-
Subject:
Nehru, Jawaharlal 1889-1964
Cooke, Hope 1940-
Physical description:
1632 color slides
Type:
Slides (photographs)
Collection descriptions
Place:
India
Date:
1960
1960-1969
Local number:
FSA A2007.01
Notes:
Lynn McLaren was a freelance photojournalist whose work appeared in National Geographic, Newsweek, and other publications. She also produced several books of photography. The State Department career of her first husband, John Y. Millar, took McLaren to various locales around the world, including India, Tanzania, and Berlin, where she was drawn to shots that included architecture and people, especially children. McLaren went on to earn a degree in photojournalism from the University of Missouri. After her divorce from Millar, she moved to Beaufort, South Carolina. Her years there with her second husband, William Demarest, resulted in a book devoted to images of Beaufort County
Summary:
A set of original 35mm color slides, photographed in India in the 1960s by photojournalist Lynn McLaren (1922-2008). Subjects include people, street scenes, and temple and domestic architecture. Images from photo assignments include Nehru's funeral pyre, the Queen of Sikkim, and traditional Indian actors
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Catherine Glynn Benkaim collection, circa 1850-1880

Collector:
Benkaim, Catherine Glynn
Photographer:
Bourne, Samuel 1834-1912
Murray, Colin Roderick 1840-1884
Johnson, William
Henderson, William
Creator:
Bourne and Shepherd
Physical description:
7 black and white albumen prints
Type:
Albumen prints
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
India
Date:
1857
1880
circa 1850-1880
Local number:
A2006.02
Notes:
Catherine Glynn Benkaim is a trustee of the Freer and Sackler Galleries of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington. She graduated from the University of California, Santa Barbara and has a master's degree in Asian art history from U.C.L.A,. as well as a doctorate in Indian art history from the University of Southern California
Samuel Bourne's photographic career in India, which spanned only seven years before his departure in 1870, began with his arrival in Calcutta in 1863. In Simla, he formed a partnership with two established photographers, Howard (likely William Howard) and Charles Shepherd. Howard soon left, and within a few years, Bourne & Shepherd had become the most successful firm in the subcontinent, opening additional studios in Calcutta (1867) and Bombay (1870). Colin Murray (d. 1884) became the main photographer of Bourne & Shepherd in 1870
William Johnson had a daguerrotype studio in Bombay circa 1852-1854 and a photographic studio circa 1854-1860. In partnership with William Henderson, Johnson produced the "Indian Amateur's Photographic Album" (1856-1858)
Summary:
Seven 19th-century albumen photographs taken by Samuel Bourne, Colin Murray and unknown photographers (possibly William Johnson and William Henderson). The photographs depict various scenes and people of India, including a portrait of a hunting party in Nepal, images of the Queen Victoria Monument in Bombay and views of Dal Lake, Calcutta and Kutb Minar
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Edward Steichen portrait of Charles Lang Freer, 1916

Creator:
Steichen, Edward 1879-1973
Subject:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919
Physical description:
1photographic print: black and white; 9 5/8 x 7 5/8 in
Type:
Portraits
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
USA, Michigan, Detroit
Date:
1916
Topic:
Men
Local number:
A1993.05
Notes:
Edward Steichen (1879-1973) was an American painter and photographer born in Bivange, Luxembourg. He became a naturalized citizen in 1900. Steichen began his career as a fine art painter, but he soon took up the pictorialist approach to photography, going on to establish the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession with Alfred Stieglitz. During World War I, Steichen moved into straight photography, serving as Director of the Naval Photographic Institute during World War II and winning an Academy Award for Best Documentary for his 1945 film "The Fighting Lady". He is perhaps most well-known for his curatorial work for the 1955 photography exhibition "The Family of Man" at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Steichen selected more than 500 images from professional and amateur photographers in over 68 countries to depict universal themes of the human experience, such as birth, death, war and illness. The exhibition traveled to 38 countries and was viewed by over 9 million people, resulting in an equally successful book of the same name, which included an introduction by Steichen's brother-in-law, the poet Carl Sandburg
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919) was an American railroad-car manufacturer from Detroit, Michigan who amassed a large fortune as one of the founders of the Peninsular Car Company, which would go on to become American Car and Foundry. In the latter part of the 19th century, Freer was diagnosed with neurasthenia, the prescribed treatment for which was usually rest and avoidance of stressful activities. Freer began collecting art, starting with American masters and impressionist painters. Early on, Freer met and began collecting the works of James Whistler, who advised him to start collecting Asian art. Freer traveled to China, Japan and Korea, amassing a large private collection. Early in the twentieth century, Freer decided to donate his art to the public; in 1916, construction began on what is now known as the Freer Gallery of Art at the Smithsonian Institution. The building, which was paid for by Freer, cost one million dollars. Completion was delayed by World War I and the gallery was not opened until 1923. Freer died in 1919, leaving the bulk of his art collection to the federal government. This photograph comes originally from the Estate of Clarence P. Freer, nephew of Charles Lang Freer
Summary:
One photograph, signed by Steichen in pencil on the image, numbered in an unidentified hand in pencil on the reverse, in the original wood frame
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Felix Bonfils panoramic view of Constantinople, ca. 1870

Photographer:
Bonfils, Félix 1831-1885
Creator:
Bonfils, Lydie 1837-1918
Physical description:
10 prints : albumen; 22.5 x 28.5 cm sheets
Type:
Panoramas
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Albumen prints
Place:
Turkey, Istanbul Province, Constantinople (Istanbul)
Istanbul (Turkey)
Constantinople (Turkey)
Date:
1870
ca 1870
1860-1880
Local number:
A1997.3
Notes:
Felix Bonfils was a French photographer who began his professional career as a bookbinder and printer, specializing in photoengravings. After visiting Lebanon as part of Napoleon III's expeditionary corps, in 1867 he became the first French photographer to settle in the Near East. With his wife Lydie, Bonfils established a studio, Maison Bonfils, in Beirut, then part of the Ottoman Empire. Known for his interest in architectural photography, Bonfils traveled widely in the Near East. His 1876 catalog is credited with introducing the genre of Near Eastern photographic portraiture
Summary:
Panoramic view in 360 degrees of Constantinople, now Istanbul, Turkey, circa 1870. 10 sheets of albumen print, of which five bear the photographer's signature and number
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Felix Bonfils panoramic view of Damascus, Syria, ca. 1870

Photographer:
Bonfils, Félix 1831-1885
Creator:
Bonfils, Lydie 1837-1918
Physical description:
5 prints : albumen; 22.5 x 28.5 cm sheets
Type:
Panoramas
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Albumen prints
Place:
Syria, Damascus, Damascus
Damascus (Syria)
Date:
1870
ca 1870
1860-1880
Local number:
A1997.4
Notes:
Felix Bonfils was a French photographer who began his professional career as a bookbinder and printer, specializing in photoengravings. After visiting Lebanon as part of Napoleon III's expeditionary corps, in 1867 he became the first French photographer to settle in the Near East. With his wife Lydie, Bonfils established a studio, Maison Bonfils, in Beirut, then part of the Ottoman Empire. Known for his interest in architectural photography, Bonfils traveled widely in the Near East. His 1876 catalog is credited with introducing the genre of Near Eastern photographic portraiture
Summary:
Panoramic view of Damascus, Syria, circa 1870. 5 sheets of albumen print, all bearing the photographer's signature and number
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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