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Myron Bement Smith Collection, circa 1910-1970

Creator:
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Subject:
Aga-Oglu, Mehmet 1896-
Yale University
Harvard University
American Council of Learned Societies
Library of Congress
Physical description:
150 linear feet
Type:
Lectures
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Architectural drawings
Photographic prints
Slides (photographs)
Place:
USA, New York, New York
Date:
1910
circa 1910-1970
20th century
Local number:
FSA A.04
Notes:
Classical archaeologist, architect, and art historian Myron Bement Smith (1897-1970) had a life-long devotion to West Asia, accumulating some 87,000 items now in the Archives documenting Islamic art and culture from Spain to India, with an emphasis on architecture. Established in 1948 to further an appreciation for Persian art and culture, nearly seventy-five percent of Smith's "Islamic Archives" consists of his own work; the remainder obtained from other sources. Smith's own negatives, taken from 1933 to 1947, accompany images in a six-volume logbook portraying Persian architecture and monuments, in particular the vaulting of the Masjid-i D'Juma at Isfahan, Iran. One of the most significant portions of the "Islamic Archives" is the photographic material of Antoin Sevruguin, a commercial photographer in Tehran active during the 1870s to 1930. His nearly 800 photographs depict the shahs, royal palaces, military ceremonies, and daily aspects of Persian life. Other materials in the collection include Smith's personal and professional papers including correspondence, research files, writings, and documentation regarding his 1927-1928 Italian and 1933-1937 Iranian expeditions
Myron Bement Smith was born in Newark Valley, New York in 1897 and grew up in Rochester New York. He died in Washington DC in 1970. He showed an early interest in drawing, and after graduation from high school, he worked as a draftsman for a Rochester architect. He served in the US Army Medical Corps in France during World War I and on return again worked as a architectural draftsman. He studied at Yale University from 1922 to 1926, earning a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. During summer vacations, he worked as draftsman or designer for architectural firms in New York City. After graduation, he received a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation grant and spent two years in Italy doing research on northern Italian brick and stone work. He used photography as an tool for his research and published several well-illustrated articles. On return he joined an architectural firm in Philadelphia and in 1931 became a registered architect in New York. He enrolled in Harvard University graduate school in 1929 pursuing a Master of Fine Arts degree
In April 1930, Smith was appointed Secretary of the newly created American Institute for Persian Art and Archaeology founded by Arthur Upham Pope and located in New York City. He had no prior academic or work experience in Islamic art or architecture, and his job entailed designing publications, arranging lectures, organizing exhibitions and fund raising. That summer he arranged an independent study course at Harvard University on Persian Art and subsequently studied Persian language at Columbia University and attended graduate courses at the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University. His work and academic credentials enabled him to compete successfully for a research fellowship from the American Council of Learned Societies in 1933 to study Iranian Islamic architecture
Accompanied by his new bride Katharine Dennis, Smith left for Iran in 1933. They suffered a horrendous motor vehicle accident in Iraq en route and required a lengthy recuperation in Lebanon and Cyprus. The Smiths eventually arrived in Isfahan, Iran, where they established their "Expedition House," as Smith called it, in a rented faculty house at Stuart College. Smith's research consisted of meticulous photographic documentation of Islamic monuments and architectural sketches and drawings of many of them. He concentrated on the Isfahan area but also documented monuments elsewhere in Iran. Smith outfitted his station wagon as a combination camper and research vehicle in which he and his staff traveled widely. Katharine sometimes traveled with him but generally she remained in Isfahan managing the household and logistics for the "expedition." The Smiths left Iran in 1937
Smith published several articles about Iran's Islamic monuments based on his field research and in 1947 completed his PhD thesis for The Johns Hopkins University on the vault in Persian architecture. His professional career from 1938 until his death in 1970 consisted of a series of temporary academic positions, contract work and government or academic sponsored lecture tours and photographic exhibits. He had a long lasting relationship with the Library of Congress where he served as an Honorary Consultant from 1938 to 1940 and again from 1948 to 1970; from 1943 to 1944 he was Chief of the Iranian Section at the Library. Despite his lack of published material, Smith was well-known among academic, government and private citizens who worked, traveled or were otherwise interested Iran and the Islamic world
Smith developed an extensive network of professional and social contacts that dated from his early student days and increased markedly during his time at the Persian Institute and later in Iran. He kept in touch with them and they touted him to others who were interested in Iran or Islamic art and architecture. This network served him well in realizing his ambition of creating a resource for scholars that relied on photographs to document Islamic architecture. This Islamic Archives began with his own collection of photographs from his Iran research and grew to include all manner of photographic and other materials not only on the Islamic world but also other areas. Creating and managing the Archives became the main focus of Smith's professional life and career after his return from Iran in 1937. In 1967 he received a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to revise his PhD thesis as a publishable manuscript but died before he could complete it
Summary:
The papers include some biographic material about Myron but little about his wife. Information on his academic and professional experience is sketchy and his diaries and appointment books often contain only sporadic entries. There is material about Myron's field research in Italy in the 1920s and his years working on Islamic architecture in Iran in the 1930s. Correspondence comprises the largest and most potentially useful part of the papers. Letters describe the milieu in which Myron operated in Rochester NY and New York City in the 1920s and early 1930s; the Smiths' life in Iran from 1933 to 1937; and the extensive network of academic and social contacts that Myron and Katharine developed and maintained over his lifetime
The Islamic Archives, a project to which Smith devoted most of his professional life, include both original materials, such as photographs and notes, produced by him and items acquired by him from other scholars or experts on Islamic art and architecture. Most of the latter are photographs or slides. Smith intended the Archives to serve as a resource for scholars interested in the architecture and art of the entire Islamic world although he also included some materials about non-Islamic architecture. The core collection within the Archives is Smith's original photographs and sketches of Iranian Islamic monuments produced during his field research there in the 1930s. He meticulously photographed the interior and exterior of monuments, including their decorative detail. Some of the photographic materials loaned, purchased or donated to the Archives may enable scholars to document sites over time but in many cases the materials are poorly preserved or reproduced. A notable exception to this is the glass negatives and prints of 19th century Iranian photographer Antoin Sevruguin, housed separately as the Antoin Sevruguin Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Hans C. and Sonia P. Seherr-Thoss Photographs of Islamic Architecture, ca. 1960-1968

Creator:
Seherr-Thoss, Hans Christoph Graf von 1918-
Seherr-Thoss, Sonia P
Physical description:
ca. 1,250 items
Type:
Color slides
Collection descriptions
Photographic prints
Transparencies
Place:
Middle East
Iran
Uzbekistan
Afghanistan
Turkey
Date:
ca 1960-1968
Topic:
Islamic antiquities
Decoration and ornament, Architectural
Islamic architecture
Mosques
Minarets
Antiquities
Local number:
FSA.A2001.15
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Count Hans Seherr-Thoss was born in Dobrau, Germany in 1912 (New York Times, October 29, 1992.) He later became a United States citizen and served in the United States' Army during World War II. Sonia Phipps Farrell married Seherr-Thoss in Palm Beach, Florida, on March 3, 1948 (The Washington Post, March 2, 1948.) Both had children from previous marriages. Mrs. Seherr-Thoss graduated from Columbia University with majors in economics and sociology. She served as president of the Litchfield (Connecticut) Historical Society and the Oliver Wolcott Library. She received the Paul Harris Fellowship for community service and the Connecticut Association of Schools awarded her the Distinguished Friend of Education Award. In 1968, the Smithsonian Institution Press published, Design and Color in Islamic Architecture: Afganistan, Iran, Turkey. Written by Mrs. Seherr-Thoss, the photographs were taken by Mr. Seherr-Thoss during their travels to the concerned regions. Many of the photographs featured in that publication are included in this collection. Hans C. Seherr-Thoss died on October 28, 1992 and Sonia P. Seherr-Thoss currently resides in Litchfield, Connecticut
Summary:
Photographs and negatives of Islamic monuments. Photos taken by Hans C. Seherr-Thoss and most appear in his and Sonia P. Seherr-Thoss' publication, Design and color in Islamic architecture: Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey
Cite as:
Hans C. and Sonia P. Seherr-Thoss Photographs of Islamic Architecture. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Sonia P. Seherr-Thoss, 2001
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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The People of India A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan. 1868

Publisher:
Watson, J. Forbes (John Forbes) 1827-1892
Kaye, John William Sir 1814-1876
Physical description:
8 items
Culture:
Bhotia (Sherpa)
Dom (South Asian people)
Gond (Indic people)
Gujaratis (Indic people)
Kachari (Indic people)
Kota (Indic people)
Lepcha
Mishmi (Indic people)
Munda (Indic people)
Naga (Indonesian people)
Korwa (Indic people)
Rajput (Indic people)
Savara (Indic people)
Thakuri (Indic people)
Tharu
Toda (Indic people)
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
India
Afghanistan
Burma
Pakistan
Iran
Assam (India)
Cāchār (India)
Chittagong (Bangladesh)
Delhi (India)
Hazāra District (Pakistan)
Hisar (India)
Kohat District (Pakistan)
Lahore (India)
Madras (India)
Mysore (India)
Palāmū (India)
Shahabad (India : District)
Shahjahanpur (India)
Sikkim (India)
Sind (India)
Date:
1868
1868-1875
Local number:
FSA A1990.03
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
John Forbes Watson and John William Kaye assembled this ethnologic study collection from photographs made by British photographers in India. The collection documents the caste and culture groups of India for a British India Office multi-volume publication. A graduate of Aberdeen University in England, John Forbes Watson (1827-1892) served as an assistant surgeon in the Bombay Medical Services from 1850 to 1853. While in India, Watson began to research Indian agricultural resources. In 1858, he became reporter on the products of India for the India Office in England. A year later, he became director of the India Office's India Museum, devoted to promoting trade in the British Empire. While there, he published several monographs on Indian plants and textiles. In 1867, he was appointed keeper of the museum, and served in that capacity until he retired in 1879
John William Kaye (1814-1876) was secretary of the India Office's Political and Secret Department
Summary:
Photographers represented include J.C.A. Dannenberg, R.H. DeMontmorency, E. Godfrey, W.W. Hooper, H.C. McDonald, J. Mulheran, G. Richter, Shepherd & Robertson (later as Bourne & Shepherd), B. Simpson, B.W. Switzer, H.C.B. Tanner, C.C. Taylor, and J. Waterhouse
Taken in the 1850s and 1860s, these photographs portray the people of many castes, culture groups, and occupations in India, posed individually and in groups. Indian culture groups portrayed include Bhogta, Bhoti, Chero, Dombo, Gond, Gujarati, Ho, Kachari, Kishangarh, Kota, Lepcha, Mishmi, Munda, Naga, Pahari, Paithan, Rajput, Saora, Singpho, Thakur, Tharu, and Toda. Peoples portrayed are from parts of India and surrounding areas, now in Afghanistan, Burma, Iran and Pakistan, such as Assam, Bareli, Behat, Cachar, Chittagong, Delhi, Hazara, Hisar, Kohat, Lahore, Madras, Munjpur, Mysore, Palamau, Shahabad, Shahjahanpur, Sikkim, and Sind
Occupations illustrated include barbers, blacksmiths, carpenters, charcoal carriers, farmers, fish vendors, horse dealers, interpreters, landlords, mendicants, merchants, officials, priests, warriors, and water carriers. Activities shown include dancing and knitting. Artifacts and material culture documented include books, buildings, devotional objects, tools, and weapons such as bows, clubs, shields, guns and spears
Cite as:
The People of India, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
See more items in:
The People of India: A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan. 1868
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Everett Edward Thompson Papers, 1899-1962

Creator:
Thompson, Everett Edward 1876-1962
Subject:
Thompson, Everett Edward 1876-1962
Kuhn, Irene
Physical description:
ca. 151 items
Type:
Lecture notes
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
Indonesia, Java
East Indies
Indonesia
Java
Malaysia
Date:
1899
1899-1962
Topic:
Indonesia -- Description and travel
Royalty, Netherlands
Local number:
FSA A1991.05
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Editor, lexicographer, author, and lecturer Everett Edward Thompson was born in Springfield, Massachusetts in1876. He received an A.B. degree from Amherst College in 1899. From 1901-1905 Thompson fufilled an appointment to a government teaching position in the Philippines. In 1905 he traveled from Manila to Singapore, and then to Burma, India, Ceylon, Java, the Straits Settlements, and Japan. From 1905 to 1909 he was part of the editorial staff of the G&C Merriam Company, publisher of the Webster-Merriam dictionaries, Springfield, Massachusetts. In 1907 he married Emily Lecretia Bettes and two years later in 1909 received an M.A. from Amherst College where he wrote a thesis on, "The Spanish Element in the English Language." From 1910-1920 Thomspon served as editor of foreign language textbooks, American Book Company, New York City. In 1920 he received honorary doctor of letters (Litt. D) from Syracuse University. That same year Thompson rejoined the Webster dictionary editorial staff of G&C Merriam Company, Springfield, Massachusetts where he remained until 1949. Everett Edward Thompson died 1962 March 24 in Springfield, Massachusetts
Summary:
The papers, 1899-1962, of editor, lexicographer, author, and lecturer Everett Edward Thompson (1876-1962) primarily document his 1905 trip to Indonesia and subsequent lectures delivered from 1913-1919 and 1956. Portions of the papers are photocopies. Included are obituaries; a portrait photograph dated 1899; portions of a travel journal; announcements, notes, and 132 glass stereopticons assembled in preparation for lectures on Indonesia; a letter; printed material and clippings related to language and the Webster-Merriam dictionaries; and a handwritten copy of Irene Kuhn's 1961 news article on the early history of U.S. field teaching in the Philippines
Cite as:
Everett Edward Thompson Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ronald Thompson, 1991
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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French India Company School Drawings [1840?]

Creator:
Hughes, Thomas L
Physical description:
32 items; 39 x 25 cm
Type:
Drawings
Collection descriptions
Pictorial works
Views
Place:
India, Union Territory
India
Date:
1840
Topic:
Drawing, Indic
Tamil (Indic people)
Ethnology
Social life and customs
Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A1993.10
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Summary:
The circumstances of creation are unknown for these watercolor drawings depicting Tamil men and women in various trades and activities. These ethnographic studies may have been rendered by a local Indian artist of the Pondicherry area of South India on commission for a French official or merchant. The name "Company School" has been attached to suggest the similarity between these drawings and those typically commissioned by the East India Company, especially during the early 18th century. The regularity of size and shape and numbering of the sheets would seem to indicate that these drawings may have been used to illustrate a bound monograph. Captions are in French. Several sheets are watermarked "J. Whatman. Balston & Co." with dates 1822-1825
Cite as:
French India Company School Drawings. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Thomas L. Hughes, 1984-1985
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Yatsuhashi Harumichi Family Papers 1907-1976

Creator:
Yatsuhashi Harumichi Family
Subject:
Yatsuhashi family
Yamanaka, Sadajiro
Yatsuhashi, Harumichi 1886-1982
Harvard University
Yamanaka & Company
Physical description:
8.25 linear feet
Type:
Address books
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Printed material
Announcements
Books
Catalogs
Correspondence
Diaries
Photograph albums
Sheet music
Visiting cards
Place:
USA, Massachusetts, Boston
New York (State)
New York
Japan
Massachusetts
Boston
Boston (Mass.)
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1907
1907-1976
1910-1960
Topic:
Alien property
Art dealers
Japanese American families
Local number:
FSA A1994.02
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Asian art dealer and merchant Yatsuhashi Harumichi (1886- 1982) was born in Tano, Japan, on December 15, 1886. Upon completion of his studies in Osaka, Mr. Yatsuhashi secured employment in the Osaka office of the prestigious Asian antiquities firm, Yamanaka & Company. In 1907 he joined Yamanka & Company's branch office in Boston, Massachusetts, as its general manager and treasurer of the company's Asian division. Located at 424 Boylston Street, the store was a center for Chinese art, as well as for Japanese assorted goods. In 1913 Yatsuhashi married Shigeki. They produced two sons (Michio and Masao) and two daughters (Sumiko and Kukiye). (Harumichi Yatsuhashi, Oriental art authority and Brookline resident. (1982 December 3). The Boston Globe, obituaries.) Following the United States' entrance into World War II, the Alien Property Custodian seized the Yamanaka shops in New York, Boston, and Chicago. The holdings were sold at auction in May and June, 1944. In 1945, Yatsuhashi Harumichi and his son Michio opened their own Asian art dealership at 420 Boylston Street in Boston. Yatsuhashi Harumichi fostered exchange between his native and adopted homeland. He was a member and officer (president in 1931) of the Japan Society of Boston since 1921, an avid supporter of the Boston Marathon, and a founder of the Boston-Kyoto Sister City Foundation. (Boston Globe, 1982 December 4. ) Michio Yatsuhashi, who helped his father open the Yatsuhashi antique shop, died prematurely as a result of cancer in 1981. One year later, Mr. Yatsuhashi died in Boston at the age of 96. He was survived by his daughters, Sumiko and Kikuye and one son, Masao
Summary:
The Yatsuhashi Harumichi Family Papers (1906-1976) document the professional and personal lives of a Japanese-American family in Boston during the twentieth century. The patriarch, Yatsuhashi Harumichi (1886-1982), was an influential Asian art dealer and the papers also document the professional experiences of Asian art dealers in the United States during the early and mid 20th century. Mr. Yatsuhashi worked at the antiquities firm of Yamanaka & Company before starting his own Asian antiquities shop in 1945. Included in the papers, portions in Japanese, are correspondence; catalogues relating to the Alien Property Custodian's 1944 liquidation of Yamanaka & Company's New York branch's holdings; photographs depicting art objects and shop interiors, the Yatsuhashi family; Yamanaka & Company, and extended family, friends, and colleagues; and items belonging to Mr. Yatsuhashi's wife, Shigeki, and some of their children
Cite as:
The Yatsuhashi Harumichi Family Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of James Arthur Marinaccio, 1994
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Henri Vever Papers, 1875-1932

Creator:
Vever, Henri 1854-1942
Subject:
Vever, Henri 1854-1942
Physical description:
2.5 lin. ft. (ca. 35 items)
Type:
Works of art
Collection descriptions
Diaries
Photograph albums
Photographs
Place:
France, Ile-de-France, Paris
France
Paris
Europe
Le Havre (France)
Paris (France)
Date:
1875
1875-1932
Twentieth century
Nineteenth century
Topic:
Art--Collectors and collecting
Art dealers
Art nouveau
Art, Asian
Art, European
Art, Islamic
Jewelry--History
Local number:
FSA A1988.04
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Jeweler, art collector, and author Henri Vever was born in Metz, France in 1854. Together with his older brother Paul, Henri Vever managed the family jewelry firm, Maison Vever, from 1881 until Paul's death in 1915 and Henri's retirement in 1921. As an art collector, Vever amassed a large collection of European, Asian, and Islamic art. Through his work as a jeweler, art collector, and author, Henri Vever played an important role in the twentieth-century art world
Summary:
The Henri Vever Papers measure 2.5 linear feet (35 items) and span the years 1875 -1932. The collection contains six diaries, an account ledger, 20 photographs, one guest list, one ceremonial pommel, and six original oil paintings by Henri Vever. A photograph album with photographs, dated 1881-1930, of various Vever family members and the family estate in Noyers, France
Cite as:
Henri Vever Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of François Mautin, 1988
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Philip Miles Photographs of Chinese Architecture, circa 1901

Collector:
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Physical description:
18 photographic prints : black and white ; 8 x 10 cm
18 glass negatives black and white ; 8 x 10 cm
Type:
Photographic prints
Collection descriptions
Glass negatives
Place:
China, Beijing, Beijing
China
Beijing (China)
Date:
1901
circa 1901
Topic:
Architecture
Local number:
FSA A2014.05
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
There is no known information as to the exact identity of Philip Miles, although apparently he was from Madison, Wisconsin
Summary:
Photographs taken of architectural moments in Beijing post Boxer Rebellion (1898-1901). Details regarding the photographer, Philip Miles, yet to be confirmed. He was an amateur photographer, perhaps part of the American or British troops sent in response to the uprising. Images include : 286) Wan Shou Shan, Jen Shou Tian. The ceremonial hall of the Dowager Empress. 287) Temple of Heaven 288) Wan Shou Shan, Shore view. 289 ) Ming Tombs: Ling Tien. 290) The Yellow Temple. 291) Indian Pagoda at the yellow Temple. 292) Temple of Heaven. 293) Temple of Heaven. 294) Sculptures along the road to the Ming Tombs. 295) 7th area of the Fa-lun Tien or Wheel of Law Hall. 296) Temple of Heaven. 297) Sculptures along the road to the Ming Tombs. 298) Left: Small marble pagoda at the Ju Ch'uan shan; Right: Large brick pagoda at Ju Ch'uan shan. 299) The Temple of Heaven, the circular enclosures from exterior, Temple of Heaven in far background. 300) Sculptures along the road to the Ming Tombs. 301) Sculptures along the road to the Ming Tombs. 302) Altar of Heaven. 303) Wan Shou Shan, Fo Hsing ko. Pavilion for Incense to Buddha
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Three Roads to Urga, circa 1920's [typescript]

Physical description:
1 item (75 pages of typescript)
79 silver prints : black and white
Type:
Travel journals
Collection descriptions
Travel diaries
Prints
Place:
Mongolia, Mongolia, Urga (Ulaanbaatar)
Mongolia
Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia)
Date:
192?
192?-192?
circa 1920s
Local number:
FSA A1996.02
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Summary:
Detailed account, probably by an American trader of ponies, recalling his years of travel to and in Outer Mongolia along three caravan routes that led to Urga (now Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia), with descriptions of the travel conditions, modes of transportation, trade practices, the Russian, Mongolian, and Chinese people of the region, an encounter with the "Andrews expedition" (likely the Central Asiatic Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History, 1922-1925, led by zoologist Roy Chapman Andrews), daily living, housing, customs, and festivals, and animals indigenous to the area. 79 silver prints were adhered to the text and depict the probable author, peoples encountered, transportation vehicles, housing, animals, places visited, and landscapes
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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The Lucknow Album. Printed by G.H. Rouse

Creator:
Rouse, G. H (George Henry) 1838-1909
Physical description:
50 leaves of tipped-in albumen prints, 58 p.; 25 x 17 cm
Type:
Albumen prints
Collection descriptions
Books
Place:
India, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow
Lucknow (India)
Date:
1874
1860-1880
Local number:
FSA A1997.02
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Large 8vo., beveled edges, brown hexagon-grain cloth with gilt title on front cover, blind stamping on front and back. Imperfect; wanting the plan
George Henry Rouse was an English Baptist missionary and Bible translator in India. Born in Suffolk, Rouse became a Baptist at the age of 16, completing his education at Stepney (now Regent's Park) College and London University. In 1861, he journeyed to Calcutta as a missionary for the Baptist Missionary Society, but ill health forced his return to England, where he took up a teaching position at Haverfordwest Baptist College from 1867-1872. He later returned to India as the secretary of the Baptist Indian Mission and the head of the Baptist Mission Press
Lucknow was the capital of the former state of Oudh (now spelt Awadh, and a region in the state of Uttar Pradesh), in India. The prolonged defense there by the British proved to be one of the key episodes in the unsuccessful Indian Rebellion of 1857-1858
Summary:
A published pictorial guide with illustrations of the city of Lucknow, India. In its ideal state, the volume contained 50 tipped-in albumen prints, accompanied by full textual descriptions of each scene depicted, along with a large-sized plan of the city executed by Parogha Ubbas Alli, Assistant Municipal Engineer, who may have been the photographer. Created in part as a memorial to the Garrison of Lucknow and survivors of the Indian Rebellion of 1857-1858 and dedicated to Sir George Couper, Chief Commissioner of Oudh
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Chaplain A.C. Oliver Jr. Lantern Slide Collection, circa 1920's and 1930's

Collector:
Oliver, Alfred Cookman 1885-1952
Physical description:
306 lantern slides : black and white and color
Type:
Lantern slides
Collection descriptions
Place:
China, Beijing, Beijing
Beijing (China)
Date:
1920
1920-1940
circa 1920s and 1930s
1900-1950
Topic:
China--Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A1997.06
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Colonel Alfred C. Oliver Jr. graduated from Princeton University in 1917, and subsequently became an Army Chaplain, serving in both the First and Second World Wars. Oliver spent two years in China from 1930-1932. In 1942, he was taken prisoner of war by the Japanese in the Phillipines. Upon surviving the Bataan death march, he was kept imprisoned until his release in 1945. Over the course of his life, he was stationed at Walter Reed Army Hospital (Washington, D.C) , in Hawaii, and in Fort Harrison, Indiana, where he became involved in the Civilian Conservation Corps. He co-authored with Harold M. Dudley a book entitled '"This new America : the spirit of the Civilian conservation corps" (1937) regarding his experience in this work. He retired from the Army in 1946
Summary:
Lantern slides and stereopticons, black and white and hand-colored, assembled by Chaplain Oliver (he appears in several), depicting monuments and scenes, especially in Beijing, such as Ming tombs, temples, the Summer Palace, landscapes, place views, military soldiers, Chinese people, Western visitors, and daily life. Also includes images of the Great Wall and the Forbidden City. Four boxes of the slides are housed in original wooden slide cases with Chaplain Oliver's name and the subject of the slide within painted on the cover. Many slides are numbered on the mount ; some credit the Hui Wen Photo Department, Tiensin Hui Wen Academy
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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James Riley Sever Lantern Slide Collection, 1875-1877

Creator:
Sever, James Riley
Photographer:
Child, Thomas
Subject:
Parkes, Harry Sir 1828-1885
Ward, William Hayes 1835-1916
Columbus, Christopher
Physical description:
84 lantern slides : black and white and color
Type:
Lantern slides
Collection descriptions
Place:
China
Canton (China)
Beijing (China)
Taiwan
Date:
1875
1875-1877
Topic:
China--Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A1998.01
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
William Hayes Ward (1835-1916) was a Congregationalist minister, Orientalist, and editor of the "The Independent", a weekly religious newspaper. Sir Harry Smith Parkes (1828-1885) was a British diplomat who worked mainly in China and Japan
Summary:
Stereopticons 1875-1877; undated mostly black and white and a few hand-colored, some captioned and numbered, assembled by an unknown source to depict views of Chine, including images of the imperial Summer Palace, in particular the ruins of the Yuanmingyuan taken in 1877 by amateur photographer Thomas Child; the environs of Peking (Beijing), including the Great Wall, Ming Tombs, the observatory, pagodas, the Temple of Heaven and others; a monastery near Foochow (Fuzhou); views of Formosa (Taiwan); a Canton street scene; villages; Chinese workers in various activities; a portion of an English-Chinese lexicon; and works of art depicting Prince Kung, Sir Harry Smith Parkes (1828-1885), "Ward of Salem" [likely William Hayes Ward (1835-1916)], and Christopher Columbus
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Henry and Nancy Rosin Collection of Early Photography of Japan, 1860 - ca. 1900

Collector:
Rosin, Henry D Dr
Rosin, Nancy
Creator:
Lyman, Benjamin Smith 1835-1920
Ueno, Hikoma 1838-1904
Beato, Felice b. ca. 1825
Stillfried, Raimund Baron von 1839-1911
Underwood & Underwood
Subject:
Meiji Emperor of Japan 1852-1912
Shōken Empress, consort of Meiji, Emperor of Japan 1850-1914
Japanese tea ceremony
Physical description:
ca. 616 items
Type:
Mammoth plates
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Photograph albums
Stereographs
Cartes-de-visite
Photographic prints
Place:
Japan
Kyoto (Japan)
Tokyo (Japan)
Yokohama-shi (Japan)
Date:
1860
1860-1900
1860 - ca 1900
1890-1900
1850-1900
Topic:
Ainu
Photography of women
Streets
Temples
Samurai
Sumo wrestlers
Religion
Local number:
FSA A1999.35
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Henry and Nancy Rosin were collectors of Japanese photography of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
Summary:
Assembled by collectors Dr. Henry D. Rosin and Nancy Rosin to document nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century photography of Japan. Includes albumen prints, portions handcolored, some signed and numbered in the negative. Taken by photographers Felice Beato (b. ca. 1825), Baron Raimon von Stillfried (1938-1911), Kusakabe Kimbei (active 1880s), Ueno Hikoma (1838-1904), Ogawa Kazumasa (1860-1929) and unknown photographers to depict architecture, landscapes, formal studio portraits, and daily activities
Cite as:
Henry and Nancy Rosin Collection of Early Photography of Japan. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Purchase and partial donation
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Henry and Nancy Rosin Collection of Early Photography of Japan 1860 - ca. 1900
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Panorama of Elphinstone Circle, Bombay, ca. 1870s

Creator:
ANONYMOUS
Physical description:
4 prints : albumen, mounted contiguously ; overall dimensions 22 x 111 cm
Type:
Albumen prints
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
India, Maharashtra, Bombay (Mumbai)
India
Bombay (India)
Date:
1870
ca 1870s
1860-1880
Topic:
Gardens
Parks
Local number:
FSA A2000.02
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
The Elphinstone Circle was a large garden complex in south Bombay, laid out in 1869 and completed in 1972. With the support of then-governor Lord Elphinstone, the green space known as Bombay Greens was converted into a circle surrounded by buildings, with walkways and trees planted throughout and an ornamental fountain in the center. The whole park was then renamed Elphinstone Circle after the governor. In 1947, the garden was again renamed, this time in honor of Benjamin Horniman, the editor of the Bombay Chronicle and supporter of Indian independence
Summary:
Four albumen prints by an anonymous photographer, mounted contiguously on paper, depicting a panoramic view of the Elphinstone Circle (Horniman Circle Gardens), Bombay (Mumbai)
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Linneaus Tripe photographs, circa 1856-1858. bulk dates

Creator:
Tripe, Linnaeus
Physical description:
3 prints : albumenized salt paper ; images 25 x 37 cm. or smaller, mounted 44 x 57 or smaller
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Salted paper prints
Place:
India, Andhra Pradesh, Amaravati
India
Amaravati
Date:
circa 1856-1858
bulk dates
Topic:
Tombs
Buddhist sculpture
Amaravati (India)--Antiquities
Monuments
Local number:
FSA A2001.10
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Linnaeus Tripe (1822-1902) was an official photographer for the British Government, employed to document Southern Indian archaeological remains before they further decayed. He photographed widely in southern India, including Rayakottai (Ryakotta), which was then a British stronghold. Around 1858 Tripe took this image of sculptures from the ruined Buddhist stupa at Amaravati, which was a large monument built approximately 2000 years ago in what is now Andhra Pradesh. The stupa was a mound-like structure made of brick, adorned with bas-relief medallions, paneled friezes made of limestone and freestanding sculpture. As time passed, the stupa fell into disrepair and was eventually buried under rubble. Eventually, the structure was excavated and some of the decorative elements were shipped to the British Museum, London. These pieces were referred to as the 'Elliot marbles' after Walter Elliot, the antiquarian, linguist and member of the Madras Council who recovered them
Summary:
This collection consists of three photographs: I. Albumenized salt print from wet collodion negative, 22 x 28 cm., circa 1858, on original mount, 33 x 45 cm. Depicts a piece of sculpture from the Great Stupa at Amaravati; these sculptures were then known as the Elliot marbles. II. Albumenized salt print from wet collodion negative, 18 x 29 cm., circa 1858, on original mount, 34 x 46 cm. Depicts an Indian sculpture with a measuring device. III. Albumenized salt print from wet collodion negative, 25 x 37 cm., circa 1856, on original mount, 44 x 57 cm. Depicts the idgah and tomb at Ryakotta (Rayakottai)
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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James Cahill Papers 1945-1996

Creator:
Cahill, James 1926-
Subject:
Barnhart, Richard M. 1934-
Cahill, James 1926-
Fong, Wen
Fu, Shen 1937-
Lawton, Thomas 1931-
Ledderose, Lothar date
Lee, Sherman E
Li, Chu-tsing 1920-
Pope, John Alexander
Sickman, L. C. S (Laurence C. S.)
Soper, Alexander Coburn 1904-
Vinograd, Richard Ellis date
Wang, Chi-ch'ien
Wu, Nelson Ikon 1919-
Asian Art Museum of San Francisco
College Art Association of America
Freer Gallery of Art
Guo li gu gong bo wu yuan
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)
Physical description:
15 linear feet
Type:
Postcards
Collection descriptions
Manuscripts
Place:
USA, California, Berkeley
Berkeley (Calif.)
China
Japan
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1945
1945-1996
Topic:
Art historians
Art, Chinese
Art, Japanese
Local number:
FSA A2001.11
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Access to correspondence may be restricted and/or delayed. A minimum of two week's notice is required to view any correspondence; consult repository for details
Notes:
James Cahill was born in Fort Bragg, California in 1926. After studying in Berkeley, Michigan, New York, and Kyoto, he joined the staff of the Freer and Sackler Gallery as curator of Chinese art in 1956. He published his first obok, "Chinese Painting," in 1960, and left the Freer and Sackler Gallery in 1965 to teach art history at the University of California, Berkeley.In 1973, Cahill joined the first group of art historians to visit China as part of the Chinese Archaelogical Delegation. Cahill later taught at Harvard and Princeton, and currently lives in Vancouver, Canada
Summary:
Papers created by Asian art historian, curator, and collector Dr. James Francis Cahill. Includes personal and professional correspondence and project files documenting his many publications, lectures and activities in the Asian art field. Portions record his early career at the Freer Gallery of Art, where he served as curator of Chinese art from 1957-1965, and his tenure (1965-1994) as Professor of the History of Art at the University of California, Berkeley. The folder descriptions were retained from Cahill's own folder titles and organized alphabetically within each series. The correspondence files include communication with some of the most influential members of the Asian art community including: Richard M. Barnhart, Wen Fong, Shen fu, Thomas Lawton, Lothar Ledderose, Sherman Lee, Chu-tsing Li, John A. Pope, Alan Priest, Laurence Sickman, Osvald Siren, Alexander Soper, C.C. Wang, Fangyu Wang, and Nelson Wu, as well as letters exchanged with art organizations such as the San Francisco Asian Art Museum, Freer Gallery of Art, College Art Association, National Palace Museum, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The project files include Cahill's notes; clippings; publicity and announcements; photographs; drafts of articles and speeches; and correspondence pertaining to specific projects such as the Taiwan photo project, exhibitions, and numerous lectures and symposia in which he participated
Cite as:
James Cahill papers, 1945-1996. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of James Cahill, December 12th, 2001
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Russell Hamilton Postcard and Photograph Collection, circa 1895-1909

Creator:
Hamilton, Russell d. 1911 (collector)
Physical description:
193 postcards and photographs : black and white and color
Type:
Postcards
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
China
Egypt
Hong Kong
India
Japan
Kuwait
Oman
Somalia
Sri Lanka
Yemen
Date:
1909
circa 1895-1909
1890-1920
Topic:
Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A2001.13
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Summary:
Assembled by English petty officer Russell Hamilton (d. 1911) during his voyages made prior to 1909, likely for the British Merchant Marines, documenting images of China, Egypt, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Kuwait, Oman, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Somalia, Sri Lanka, and Yemen. The items date from between the late 1890's and 1909.The 183 photographic postcards are both black and white and hand-tinted with many captions in English created for Western audiences They were produced by various publishers, among whom Clifton & Co. The 10 silver prints depict people in daily activities, culture groups, street scenes, city views, architectural monuments and landscapes
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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A.W. Bahr Papers 1919-1957

Creator:
Bahr, A. W
Subject:
Bahr, A. W
Cammell, Charles Richard
Physical description:
1.25 linear feet
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Place:
Canada, Quebec, Montreal
China
Japan
England
Connecticut
Date:
1919
1919-1957
Topic:
Art, Chinese
Art, Japanese
China--Description and travel
Japan--Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A2001.14
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
A.W. Bahr was born in Shanghai in 1877 to a German father and a Chinese mother. He founded the Central Trading Company with a friend in 1898. Throughout the next few years, he remained in China, organizing various art exhibitions with pieces from his own collection. Bahr moved to London, England in 1910, where he continued to exhibit art, finally moving to Canada with his family in 1946. Before his death in 1959, Bahr donated pieces of his collection to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Royal Ontario Museum of Archaeology, and the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts
Summary:
This collection contains manuscript drafts and notes for Bahr's memoir, written by Bahr himself and C.R. Cammell, who was also the editor of 'The Connoisseur' magazine. Other papers include correspondence with collectors of Chinese art or other figures in the art world, such as Lord Kitchener, the King and Queen of Sweden, Walter Muir Whitehill, Kenjiro Matsumoto and Senator Theodore Francis Green, among others. The bulk of the collection contains approximately 300 photographs of different Chinese art objects, from jade figurines to pottery to paintings. Most of these photographs are unidentified, but some of them include marginalia that indicate that they were of Bahr's own art objects for publication in books or articles. Photographs which are identified point to art objects also belonging to Bahr. The photographs have been organized based on the object type in the photograph, such as painting, statue or figurine
Cite as:
A.W. Bahr Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Penelope Jane Bahr, November 12th, 2001
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Charles Isaacs Collection, circa 1850-1900

Collector:
Isaacs, Charles
Creator:
Saché, John Edward 1824-1882
Bourne, Samuel 1834-1912
Skeen & Co
Scowen & Co
Physical description:
73 prints : albumen ; various sizes
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Albumen prints
Place:
India
Jammu and Kashmir (India)
Udagamandalam (India)
Kānpur (India)
Lucknow (India)
Japan
China
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Date:
circa 1850-1900
Topic:
mosques
imambaras
Local number:
FSA A2002.01
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
British photographer Charles T. Scowen arrived in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in the early 1870s, where he was first employed as a clerk. By 1876, Scowen had established a studio, Scowen & Co., in Kandy, with a second location appearing in Columbo by the 1890s. There appear to have been several Scowens working in the studios, as Charles T. Scowen returned to England in 1885. C. Scowen was listed as the proprietor until 1891 and M. Scowen was the proprietor when the firm was finally sold in 1893. Images from Scowen & Co. were used to illustrate a number of books about Ceylon and the tea trade
Skeen & Co. was a commercial photography studio active in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) from 1860-1903. In 1860, William Skeen, who was the official Government Printer, purchased J. Parting's photography studio in Colombo for his son, William Louis Henry Skeen, who had studied at the London School of Photography. In 1891 another Skeen & Co. studio was opened in Kandy. The firm was known for its images of agriculture (particularly tea and spices), industry (the construction of the Ceylon railroads and the Colombo Breakwater), landscapes and ethnic groups
John Edward Saché (1824-1882) was an American commercial photographer, born in Prussia as Johann Edvart Zachert. He arrived in Calcutta in 1864 and for the next twenty years traveled widely in northern India, photographing major towns and sites. Saché's first professional association was with W. F. Westfield in Calcutta but he would go on to establish other studios, either alone or in partnerships, in Nainital, Bombay, Lucknow and Benares, among other locations
Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) had already begun to earn recognition for his work in England, having exhibited at the London International Exhibition of 1862, when he decided to give up his position in a bank and depart for India to work as a professional photographer. He arrived in Calcutta early in 1863, initially setting up a partnership with William Howard. They moved up to Simla, where they established a new studio Howard & Bourne, to be joined in 1864 by Charles Shepherd, to form Howard, Bourne & Shepherd. By 1866, after the departure of Howard, it became Bourne & Shepherd, the name under which the firm continues to operate to this day. Although Bourne only spent 6 years in India, his time there was extremely productive. He undertook three major expeditions in the Himalayas, creating an impressive body of work which combined the highest technical quality and a keen artistic eye, while working under difficult physical conditions. Bourne left India for good in 1870, selling his interest in Bourne & Shepherd shortly thereafter and abandoning commercial photography
Summary:
46 undated albumen photo prints, six hand-colored, some captioned, various sizes. Taken by Scowen & Co., Skeen & Co., and unknown photographers. Images depict Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Japan and China. Included are portraits, people in daily activities, street scenes, city views, architecture, fauna and gardens, and landscapes
27 albumen photo prints, some mounted, many signed and numbered in the negative and some with hadwritten penciled identifications, various sizes. Most taken by British photographer Samuel Bourne to document India. Images depict architectural monuments, city and village views, and picturesque landscapes such as the Great Imambara and Mosque in Lucknow, the quadrangle of the Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque) in Agra, the Memorial Well in Kanpur (Cawnpore), numerous views of villages, bridges and landscapes in Kashmire, and the botanical gardens at Ootacamund (Udagamandalam). There is also one photograph, an unmounted albumen print, signed and numbered in the negative, by John Edward Saché (active 1860-1880), also depicting a landscape in India. Additionally, an ethnographic portrait (unmounted albumen print) of two Sri Lankan aboriginal men titled "Veddahs" by Charles T. Scown is included in the collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Martha Smith Collection of Stereographs and Postcards, circa 1904

Creator:
Underwood & Underwood
Mayor, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt) 1901-1980
Underwood & Underwood Studios
Exposition universelle de 1867 (Paris, France)
Subject:
Meiji Emperor of Japan 1852-1912
Physical description:
51 stereographs: black and white
2 postcards: black and white
Type:
Stereographs
Collection descriptions
Postcards
Place:
Japan
Date:
1904
circa 1904
1900-1910
Local number:
FSA A2002.02
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
The cards were most likely assembled by Ms. Smith's father, A. Hyatt Mayor (1901-1980), art historian, writer, and Metropolitan Museum of Art Curator of Prints from 1946-1966
Underwood & Underwood was an early photographic studio who produced steroscopic and photographic images from 1881 to the 1940s. Founded in Ottawa, Kansas by brothers Elmer Underwood and Bert Elias Underwood, the studio worked in Ottawa, Baltimore, and New York City. They sold box sets of photographs and set up distribution offices throughout the world. Underwood & Underwood covered major news events like the Boer War and the Great War
Summary:
43 stereographs from the early twentieth century were produced by the Underwood & Underwood Studio depicting various scenes and people from Meiji Japan, 3 stereographs from the 1867 Exposition Universelle in Paris, France, and two black and white postcards from Japan. Specific Japanese locations depicted include: Yokohama; Mississippi Bay and the Mikado Cliffs; Tokyo; Mt. Haruna, Ikao; Kyoto; Hiroshima; Lake Chuzenji
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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