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Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs

view Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Xunling 1874-1943
Subject:
Cixi Empress dowager of China 1835-1908
Xunling 1874-1943
Der Ling Princess 1885-1944
Guangxu Emperor of China 1871-1908
Wanrong 1906-1946
Li, Lianying 1848-1911
Physical description:
44 items
Type:
Glass negatives
Collection descriptions
Place:
China, Beijing, Beijing
China
Beijing (China)
Yihe Yuan (Beijing, China)
Forbidden City (Peking, China)
Date:
1903
Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Summary:
Cixi (慈禧太后 勋龄 颐和园 鱚 隆裕皇后 瑾妃 德龄公主 容龄 裕太太 李連英 崔玉贵
Cite as:
Cixi, Empress Dowager of China, 1835-1908, Photographs, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Topic:
Photography
Empresses
Palaces
Eunuchs
History
Local number:
FSA A.13
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Photograph of Duanfang and Colleagues

view Photograph of Duanfang and Colleagues digital asset number 1
Creator:
Sickman, L. C. S (Laurence C. S.) (Collector)
Subject:
Duanfang 1861-1911
Physical description:
Silver gelatin
1 photographic print : b&w ; 17.5 x 23 cm
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
China, Beijing, Beijing
China
Date:
1907
Qing dynasty, 1644-1912
Notes:
Duanfang was an officer in the Qing court who amassed an important art collection, which included jades, bronzes, paintings and sculpture. Duanfang worked in many different positions, including as a customs officer and a provincial governor. In the summer of 1905, Duanfang travelled to the West to research how governments in the United States and Europe functioned. In 1911, Duanfang travelled to Sichuan Province to oversee railroad construction. At the outbreak of the Xinhai Revolution, Duanfang was beheaded by his own imperial troops, who were sympathetic to local revolutionaries.
Summary:
This photograph depicts Duanfang and other men surrounding a bronze altar set that was later acquired by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The photograph was acquired by art historian Laurence Sickman, who lent if for many years to the Metropolitan where it was displayed in the galleries with the bronze alter set.
Cite as:
Photograph of Duanfang and Colleagues with bronze altar, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Gift of Thomas Lawton
Topic:
Manchu
History
Local number:
FSA A2004.03
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

The People of India A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan. 1868

view The People of India A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan. 1868 digital asset number 1
Publisher:
Watson, J. Forbes (John Forbes) 1827-1892
Kaye, John William Sir 1814-1876
Physical description:
8 items
Culture:
Bhotia (Sherpa)
Dom (South Asian people)
Gond (Indic people)
Gujaratis (Indic people)
Kachari (Indic people)
Kota (Indic people)
Lepcha
Mishmi (Indic people)
Munda (Indic people)
Naga (Indonesian people)
Korwa (Indic people)
Rajput (Indic people)
Savara (Indic people)
Thakuri (Indic people)
Tharu
Toda (Indic people)
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
India
Afghanistan
Burma
Pakistan
Iran
Assam (India)
Cāchār (India)
Chittagong (Bangladesh)
Delhi (India)
Hazāra District (Pakistan)
Hisar (India)
Kohat District (Pakistan)
Lahore (India)
Madras (India)
Mysore (India)
Palāmū (India)
Shahabad (India : District)
Shahjahanpur (India)
Sikkim (India)
Sind (India)
Date:
1868
1868-1875
Notes:
John Forbes Watson and John William Kaye assembled this ethnologic study collection from photographs made by British photographers in India. The collection documents the caste and culture groups of India for a British India Office multi-volume publication. A graduate of Aberdeen University in England, John Forbes Watson (1827-1892) served as an assistant surgeon in the Bombay Medical Services from 1850 to 1853. While in India, Watson began to research Indian agricultural resources. In 1858, he became reporter on the products of India for the India Office in England. A year later, he became director of the India Office's India Museum, devoted to promoting trade in the British Empire. While there, he published several monographs on Indian plants and textiles. In 1867, he was appointed keeper of the museum, and served in that capacity until he retired in 1879.
John William Kaye (1814-1876) was secretary of the India Office's Political and Secret Department.
Summary:
Photographers represented include J.C.A. Dannenberg, R.H. DeMontmorency, E. Godfrey, W.W. Hooper, H.C. McDonald, J. Mulheran, G. Richter, Shepherd & Robertson (later as Bourne & Shepherd), B. Simpson, B.W. Switzer, H.C.B. Tanner, C.C. Taylor, and J. Waterhouse.
Taken in the 1850s and 1860s, these photographs portray the people of many castes, culture groups, and occupations in India, posed individually and in groups. Indian culture groups portrayed include Bhogta, Bhoti, Chero, Dombo, Gond, Gujarati, Ho, Kachari, Kishangarh, Kota, Lepcha, Mishmi, Munda, Naga, Pahari, Paithan, Rajput, Saora, Singpho, Thakur, Tharu, and Toda. Peoples portrayed are from parts of India and surrounding areas, now in Afghanistan, Burma, Iran and Pakistan, such as Assam, Bareli, Behat, Cachar, Chittagong, Delhi, Hazara, Hisar, Kohat, Lahore, Madras, Munjpur, Mysore, Palamau, Shahabad, Shahjahanpur, Sikkim, and Sind.
Occupations illustrated include barbers, blacksmiths, carpenters, charcoal carriers, farmers, fish vendors, horse dealers, interpreters, landlords, mendicants, merchants, officials, priests, warriors, and water carriers. Activities shown include dancing and knitting. Artifacts and material culture documented include books, buildings, devotional objects, tools, and weapons such as bows, clubs, shields, guns and spears.
Cite as:
The People of India, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Purchase
Local number:
FSA A1990.03
See more items in:
The People of India: A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan. 1868
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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A.W. Bahr Papers 1919-1957

view A.W. Bahr Papers 1919-1957 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Bahr, A. W
Subject:
Bahr, A. W
Cammell, Charles Richard
Physical description:
1.25 linear feet
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Place:
Canada, Quebec, Montreal
China
Japan
England
Connecticut
Date:
1919
1919-1957
Notes:
A.W. Bahr was born in Shanghai in 1877 to a German father and a Chinese mother. He founded the Central Trading Company with a friend in 1898. Throughout the next few years, he remained in China, organizing various art exhibitions with pieces from his own collection. Bahr moved to London, England in 1910, where he continued to exhibit art, finally moving to Canada with his family in 1946. Before his death in 1959, Bahr donated pieces of his collection to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Royal Ontario Museum of Archaeology, and the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts.
Summary:
This collection contains manuscript drafts and notes for Bahr's memoir, written by Bahr himself and C.R. Cammell, who was also the editor of 'The Connoisseur' magazine. Other papers include correspondence with collectors of Chinese art or other figures in the art world, such as Lord Kitchener, the King and Queen of Sweden, Walter Muir Whitehill, Kenjiro Matsumoto and Senator Theodore Francis Green, among others. The bulk of the collection contains approximately 300 photographs of different Chinese art objects, from jade figurines to pottery to paintings. Most of these photographs are unidentified, but some of them include marginalia that indicate that they were of Bahr's own art objects for publication in books or articles. Photographs which are identified point to art objects also belonging to Bahr. The photographs have been organized based on the object type in the photograph, such as painting, statue or figurine.
Cite as:
A.W. Bahr Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Penelope Jane Bahr, November 12th, 2001
Topic:
Art, Chinese
Art, Japanese
China--Description and travel
Japan--Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A2001.14
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Additional Online Media:

James Cahill Papers 1945-2014

view James Cahill Papers 1945-2014 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Cahill, James 1926-2014
Subject:
Barnhart, Richard M. 1934-
Cahill, James 1926-2014
Fong, Wen
Fu, Shen 1937-
Lawton, Thomas 1931-
Ledderose, Lothar date
Lee, Sherman E
Li, Chu-tsing 1920-
Pope, John Alexander 1906-1982
Sickman, L. C. S (Laurence C. S.)
Soper, Alexander Coburn 1904-
Vinograd, Richard Ellis date
Wang, Chi-ch'ien
Wu, Nelson Ikon 1919-
Asian Art Museum of San Francisco
College Art Association of America
Freer Gallery of Art
Guo li gu gong bo wu yuan
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)
Physical description:
100 linear feet
Type:
Manuscripts
Collection descriptions
Place:
USA, California, Berkeley
Berkeley (Calif.)
China
Japan
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1945
1945-2014
Notes:
James Cahill [Chinese: 高居翰
Summary:
Papers created by Asian art historian, curator, and collector Dr. James Francis Cahill. Includes personal and professional correspondence and project files documenting his many publications, lectures and activities in the field of Asian art. Portions record his early career at the Freer Gallery of Art, where he served as curator of Chinese art from 1957-1965, and his tenure (1965-1994) as Professor of the History of Art at the University of California, Berkeley. The folder descriptions were retained from Cahill's own folder titles and organized alphabetically within each series. The correspondence files include communication with some of the most influential members of the Asian art community including: Richard M. Barnhart, Wen Fong, Shen fu, Thomas Lawton, Lothar Ledderose, Sherman Lee, Chu-tsing Li, John A. Pope, Alan Priest, Laurence Sickman, Osvald Siren, Alexander Soper, C.C. Wang, Fangyu Wang, and Nelson Wu, as well as letters exchanged with art organizations such as the San Francisco Asian Art Museum, Freer Gallery of Art, College Art Association, National Palace Museum, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The project files include Cahill's notes; clippings; publicity and announcements; photographs; drafts of articles and speeches; and correspondence pertaining to specific projects such as the Taiwan photo project, exhibitions, and numerous lectures and symposia in which he participated.
Cite as:
James Cahill papers, 1945-1996. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of James Cahill, December 12th, 2001
Topic:
Art historians
Art, Chinese
Art, Japanese
Local number:
FSA A2001.11
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Dwight William Tryon Papers 1872-1930

view Dwight William Tryon Papers 1872-1930 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Tryon, Dwight William 1849-1925
Subject:
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919
Tryon, Dwight William 1849-1925
Physical description:
.5 linear feet
Type:
Cartes-de-visite
Collection descriptions
Clippings
Letters
Photographs
Sketchbooks
Place:
USA, Massachusetts, South Dartmouth
Hartford (Conn.)
Japan
New York
South Dartmouth (Mass.)
Date:
1872
1872-1930
Notes:
American landscape painter Dwight William Tryon was born in Hartford, CT on August 13, 1849. When Tryon was about 2 years old, his father Anson Tryon was killed in a hunting accident and he was raised at his maternal grandparents' home. At the age of fourteen, Tryon began work as a machinist at Colt's Firearms Factory in Hartford to support his mother and himself. He enrolled in evening classes at Hannum's Business School and developed calligraphic skills which supplemented his income.
In 1864 Tryon became a bookkeeper and clerk at Brown and Gross, the finest booksellers in Hartford and a gathering place for local literary people such as Harriet Beecher Stowe and Mark Twain. During his ten-year appointment there, Tryon self-studied art using the bookstore's large stock in art books and made weekend sketching trips to the Connecticut River. In 1872 Tryon was appointed Secretary of the Hartford Art Association and began exhibiting his works. In 1873 he exhibited at the National Academy of Design in New York. In that year he married Alice Hepzibah Belden whom he had met in the bookstore.
In December, 1876, the Tryon family moved to Paris, France to pursue art with financial support from the Cheney family, wealthy silk manufacturers in South Manchester, CT. Tryon received formal training under Jacquesson de la Chevreuse, a Barbizon painter Charles-Francois Daubigny, and others. He also attended the École des Beaux-Arts.
On returning to the United States in 1881, Tryon took a studio in New York and taught for several years. In the following year, he became a member of the Society of American Artists. Throughout the 1880s when the Barbizon paintings were highly regarded, Tryon's French-inspired American landscape paintings received international as well as national acclaim, winning him numerous medals and awards. In 1899, Tryon was awarded the Webb prize by the Society of American Artists for The First Leaves, a recognition given annually to the best landscape painting by a young American artist. In the same year, Tryon sold his first painting to Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), a Detroit industrialist and collector, who became Tryon's principal patron.
From 1886 to 1923, Tryon taught at Smith College, MA, as Professor of Art and took charge of the Art Department. He advised on the college's art collection and acted as the department's representative in the New York art world. Tryon resigned from the College in May 1923, and in June of the same year he received an honorary Master of Arts degree from Smith College.
In 1887, the Tryon family built a house ("The Cottage") in Padanaram, a coastal village in South Dartmouth, MA, where they would spend every year from spring to autumn until his death. In Padanaram, Tryon made sketches which he developed into paintings in his New York apartment during the winter months. Tryon also took immense pleasure in fishing and sailing in Padanaram.
In 1904, the Montross Gallery in New York held a one-man show on Tryon's painting, and in 1913 they launched Tryon's Retrospective Exhibition. In 1923, the Freer Gallery of Art opened in Washington, D. C., including a permanent collection of Tryon's paintings.
Tryon died of cancer at his summer house on July 1, 1925, at the age of 75. Upon his death, Tryon bequeathed a large number of his works to Smith College. In September of the following year, the Tryon Gallery at Smith College opened.
Summary:
The Dwight William Tryon papers span circa 1872 to 1930 and measure .5 linear feet. The collection contains: nineteen photographs, a sketchbook, a letter, and five newspaper clippings.
Cite as:
Dwight William Tryon Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of an anonymous donor and Linda Merrill, 1989
Topic:
Art, American
Landscape painting
Local number:
FSA A1989.02
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Additional Online Media:

Lionel Bier Drawings of Monuments and Sites in Iran, 1975-1976

view Lionel Bier Drawings of Monuments and Sites in Iran, 1975-1976 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Bier, Lionel D. 1942-2004
Physical description:
29 architectural drawings
Type:
Architectural drawings
Collection descriptions
Place:
USA, New York, New York
Iran
Date:
1975
1975-1976
Notes:
The late Lionel D. Bier, art historian and archaeologist, taught art history at Brooklyn College for more than 30 years. He was primarily active in researching the archaeological record of pre- and early-Islamic Iran. Among his noted publications are: Sarvistan: A Study in Early Iranian Architecture (1986) and The Sassanian Palaces and their Influence in Early Islam, from Ars Orientalis (Vol. 23, 1993).
Summary:
Twenty-nine ink and pencil drawings documenting, usually both in plan and elevation, a number of both pre-Islamic and Islamic Iranian architectural monuments, executed on site between 1975 and 1976. Focus primarily is on Sassanian sites. Sites covered include: Bishapur, Firuzabad, Istakhr, Masjid-i Sang, Sarvistan, and Shari-i Ij
Topic:
Archaeology
Architecture--Sassanid
Local number:
FSA A2004.05
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Additional Online Media:

Carol Bier and Lionel Bier Collection

view Carol Bier and Lionel Bier Collection digital asset number 1
Creator:
Bier, Carol
Bier, Lionel D. 1942-2004
Physical description:
circa 2500 frames : black and white (2 binders)
Culture:
Sassanians
Qashqāʼī (Turkic people) Iran
Type:
Negatives
Collection descriptions
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Iran, Fars
Iran
Mamasānī (Iran)
Date:
1975
1975-1976
1950-2000
Notes:
Carol Bier is an historian of Islamic art who is Research Associate at The Textile Museum in Washington, DC, where she served as Curator for Eastern Hemisphere Collections from 1984-2001. Her research focuses on Islamic patterns as intersections of art and mathematics.
The late Lionel D. Bier, art historian and archaeologist, taught art history at Brooklyn College for more than 30 years. He was primarily active in researching the archaeological record of pre- and early-Islamic Iran. Among his noted publications are: Sarvistan: A Study in Early Iranian Architecture (1986) and The Sassanian Palaces and their Influence in Early Islam, from Ars Orientalis (Vol. 23, 1993)
Summary:
Photographs taken by Carol Bier and Lionel Bier, comprising two binders of black and white 35mm negatives and contact sheets as well as a collection of color slides documenting both pre-Islamic and Islamic Iranian architectural monuments, taken 1975-1976. Focus primarily on the Sasanian sites of Fars province, focusing on built monuments, rock reliefs, and rock-cut monuments. Sites include: Firuzabad, Naqshi-Rustam, Naqshi-Rajab, Bishapur, Sarvistan, and Taq-i Bustan. Also includes a small number of ethnographic images by Carol Bier, predominanly of the Qashqai and Mamasani. Some of these images have been used previously in publications by both the authors themselves as well as other scholars.
Topic:
Archaeology
Architecture, Sassanid
Local number:
FSA A2008.01
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

John Hadley Cox Archaeological Study Collection, circa 1936-1939

view John Hadley Cox Archaeological Study Collection, circa 1936-1939 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Cox, John Hadley b. 1913
Physical description:
ca. 105 lantern slides : black and white ; 3 x 4 in
Type:
Lantern slides
Collection descriptions
Place:
China, Hunan Province, Changsha
China
Changsha (Hunan Sheng, China)
Date:
1936
1936-1936
circa 1936-1939
Notes:
John Hadley Cox (b. 1913) was a collector of Chinese archaeological ceramic, pottery and bronze vessels, predominantly from the Ch'angsha region of Hunan Province, South Central China. Upon graduating from Yale University in 1935, he spent two years teaching at Yale University's Yale-in-China program in Changsha. In 1991, Mr.Cox also donated 106 potsherds of Thai, Cambodian, Vietnamese and Chinese origin to the Freer Gallery Study Collection. Mr. Cox also left numerous items of his collection to the art gallery of his alma mater.
Summary:
Period latern slides taken in the mid to late 1930's pertaining to objects in Mr. Cox's collection, namely ceramics, bronzes, lacquer and figures found at archaeological sites in Changsha, Hunan province, dating primarily from the Zhou and Han Dynasties and from the Warring States period.
At a later date, a 5 minute 16mm film of the annual Dragon Boat Festival, shot in Changsha, Hunan province, in 1935 was added to this collection by the donor. The film was converted into both Beta and VHS cassette formats.
Cite as:
John Hadley Cox Archaeological Study Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C
Topic:
Archaeology--Antiquities
Ceramics
Pottery
Bronzes, Chinese
Lacquer and lacquering
Local number:
FSA A1991.07
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Foreign Missions Library Lantern Slide Collection

view Foreign Missions Library Lantern Slide Collection digital asset number 1
Creator:
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions
Subject:
Red Cross
Physical description:
98 lantern slides : black and white and color
Type:
Lantern slides
Collection descriptions
Place:
Iran, Tehran, Tehran
Iran
New York (N.Y.)
Tehran (Iran)
Date:
19??
19??-19??
Notes:
The Iran Mission was established by the U.S. Presbyterian Board of Mission in 1870, taking over the work of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Hundreds of the organization's missionaries were stationed in Iran. The first missionary to arrive was Justin Perkins (1805-1869), active in Persia from 1835 to 1869, establishing the Nestorian Mission at Urmia. Samuel Martin Jordan (1871-1952) arrived in Iran in 1898 and spent 43 years there, establishing among other institutions the Alborz High School (American College of Tehran). The Mission's functions were transferred to the Evangelical Church of Iran in 1965, until missionaries were ultimately removed from the country in 1969.
Summary:
Lantern slides, undated, some hand-tinted, assembled by the Foreign Missions Library of New York City to document missionary activities in Iran, probably during the early part of the twentienth century. Included are images of missionaries and evangelists, Fiske seminary, The American High School for Boys in Tehran, the Memorial School for Boys in Tabriz, the Red Cross, orphans, place views and architecture, a house interior, daily activities such as rug weaving and plowing, livestock, and people such as Kurdish women and a dervish. The slides are hand-colored and black and white, and many are captioned.
Cite as:
Foreigh Missions Library Lantern Slide Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C
Topic:
Missionaries
Local number:
FSA A1991.04
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Russell Hamilton Postcard and Photograph Collection, circa 1895-1909

view Russell Hamilton Postcard and Photograph Collection, circa 1895-1909 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Hamilton, Russell d. 1911 (collector)
Physical description:
193 postcards and photographs : black and white and color
Type:
Postcards
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
China
Egypt
Hong Kong
India
Japan
Kuwait
Oman
Somalia
Sri Lanka
Yemen
Date:
1909
circa 1895-1909
1890-1920
Summary:
Assembled by English petty officer Russell Hamilton (d. 1911) during his voyages made prior to 1909, likely for the British Merchant Marines, documenting images of China, Egypt, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Kuwait, Oman, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Somalia, Sri Lanka, and Yemen. The items date from between the late 1890's and 1909.The 183 photographic postcards are both black and white and hand-tinted with many captions in English created for Western audiences They were produced by various publishers, among whom Clifton & Co. The 10 silver prints depict people in daily activities, culture groups, street scenes, city views, architectural monuments and landscapes.
Topic:
Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A2001.13
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Additional Online Media:

Impey Family Photograph Albums circa 1850-1889

view Impey Family Photograph Albums circa 1850-1889 digital asset number 1
Photographer:
Impey, Eugene Clutterbuck Captain
Creator:
Scowen & Co
Woodbury & Page
Physical description:
ca. 304 albumen and salt prints : black and white
Type:
Salted paper prints
Collection descriptions
Albumen prints
Place:
India, West Bengal, Calcutta (Kolkata)
India
Sri Lanka
Java
Date:
circa 1850-1889
1840-1860
Notes:
E.C. Impey, an important figure in the early photography of India, was one of a number of British soldiers to take up that medium in the 1850's-1860's. Impey, whose grandfather, Sir Elijah Impey and his wife Mary were highly important patrons of Indian painting, was also related to 19th century photographers Sir John Herschel and Julia Margaret Cameron. Sir Elijah Impey was an extremly influencial justice at the onset of British colonization of India. Despite his presence in India for only just over eight years, he was appointed to preside in Sudder Dewannee Adawlet, the court of appeals for civil causes from the provincial council, and also acted as the chief justice of the state of Bengals. In addition, he was responsible for prepring the Code of Rules,Orders and Regulation (1781) , an important colonial cornerstone of the British contribution to the codification of Indian law.
Summary:
Two personal photo albums of Captain Eugene Clutterbuck Impey containing images of his brother, Captain Henry Dixon and other unidentified photographers (some initialled in the negative) of the late 1850's and early 1860's, and British colonials. There are also images of various Indian peoples, a still life of game birds, a panoramic view supposedly of ruins after the Mutiny, and architectural images.
Topic:
Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A1993.09
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Additional Online Media:

Philip Miles Photographs of Chinese Architecture, circa 1901

view Philip Miles Photographs of Chinese Architecture, circa 1901 digital asset number 1
Collector:
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Physical description:
18 glass negatives black and white ; 12.5 x 17.8 cm. each
Type:
Photographic prints
Collection descriptions
Glass negatives
Place:
China, Beijing, Beijing
China
Beijing (China)
Date:
1901
circa 1901
Notes:
There is no known information as to the exact identity of Philip Miles.
Summary:
Photographic glass plate negatives taken of architectural monuments in Beijing post Boxer Rebellion (1898-1901). Details regarding the attributed photographer, Philip Miles, are yet to be confirmed. He was an amateur photographer, perhaps part of the American or British troops sent in response to the uprising. Images include : 286) Wan Shou Shan, Jen Shou Tian. The ceremonial hall of the Dowager Empress. 287) Temple of Heaven 288) Wan Shou Shan, Shore view. 289 ) Ming Tombs: Ling Tien. 290) The Yellow Temple. 291) Indian Pagoda at the yellow Temple. 292) Temple of Heaven. 293) Temple of Heaven. 294) Sculptures along the road to the Ming Tombs. 295) 7th area of the Fa-lun Tien or Wheel of Law Hall. 296) Temple of Heaven. 297) Sculptures along the road to the Ming Tombs. 298) Left: Small marble pagoda at the Ju Ch'uan shan; Right: Large brick pagoda at Ju Ch'uan shan. 299) The Temple of Heaven, the circular enclosures from exterior, Temple of Heaven in far background. 300) Sculptures along the road to the Ming Tombs. 301) Sculptures along the road to the Ming Tombs. 302) Altar of Heaven. 303) Wan Shou Shan, Fo Hsing ko. Pavilion for Incense to Buddha.
Topic:
Architecture
Local number:
FSA A2014.05
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Mrs. Harry C. Norcross Collection of Early Photographs of Japan, circa 1890's

view Mrs. Harry C. Norcross Collection of Early Photographs of Japan, circa 1890's digital asset number 1
Creator:
Norcross, Henry C.
Norcross, Henry C. Mrs
Ogawa, Kazumasa 1860-1930
Tamamura, Kozaburo 1856-19??
Physical description:
13 albumen prints : color ; 27.9 x 19.2 cm or smaller
Type:
Albumen prints
Collection descriptions
Place:
Japan
Date:
1890-1900
19th century
Summary:
Unmounted and hand-colored albumen prints created by unidentified commercial studios for the export market, portraying the people, sites and daily life of Japan during the Meiji period. Photographers identified: Tamamura Kozaburo and Ogawa Kazumasa. Images include: Women looking at a sign ; Women enjoying tea on a balcony ; Geikos on a leisure boat ; Cherry trees along Koganei Banks ; A row of Japanese cedar trees along the Nikko Road ; Statue of nio ; Nobi great earthquake
Cite as:
Mrs. Henry C. Norcross Collection of Early Photography of Japan. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Jean Leslie Norcross, 2003
Topic:
Photography
Local number:
FSA A2003.13
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Additional Online Media:

Chaplain A.C. Oliver Jr. Lantern Slide Collection, circa 1920's and 1930's

view Chaplain A.C. Oliver Jr. Lantern Slide Collection, circa 1920's and 1930's digital asset number 1
Collector:
Oliver, Alfred Cookman 1885-1952
Physical description:
306 lantern slides : black and white and color
Type:
Lantern slides
Collection descriptions
Place:
China, Beijing, Beijing
Beijing (China)
Date:
1920
1920-1940
circa 1920s and 1930s
1900-1950
Notes:
Colonel Alfred C. Oliver Jr. graduated from Princeton University in 1917, and subsequently became an Army Chaplain, serving in both the First and Second World Wars. Oliver spent two years in China from 1930-1932. In 1942, he was taken prisoner of war by the Japanese in the Phillipines. Upon surviving the Bataan death march, he was kept imprisoned until his release in 1945. Over the course of his life, he was stationed at Walter Reed Army Hospital (Washington, D.C) , in Hawaii, and in Fort Harrison, Indiana, where he became involved in the Civilian Conservation Corps. He co-authored with Harold M. Dudley a book entitled '"This new America : the spirit of the Civilian conservation corps" (1937) regarding his experience in this work. He retired from the Army in 1946.
Summary:
Lantern slides and stereopticons, black and white and hand-colored, assembled by Chaplain Oliver (he appears in several), depicting monuments and scenes, especially in Beijing, such as Ming tombs, temples, the Summer Palace, landscapes, place views, military soldiers, Chinese people, Western visitors, and daily life. Also includes images of the Great Wall and the Forbidden City. Four boxes of the slides are housed in original wooden slide cases with Chaplain Oliver's name and the subject of the slide within painted on the cover. Many slides are numbered on the mount ; some credit the Hui Wen Photo Department, Tiensin Hui Wen Academy.
Topic:
China--Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A1997.06
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Additional Online Media:

Kenneth X. Robbins Collection & Papers

view Kenneth X. Robbins Collection & Papers digital asset number 1
Collector:
Robbins, Kenneth X
Physical description:
ca. 100-150 maps : color
6 books
45 photographs
Type:
Maps
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Medals
Postage stamps
Place:
India
Date:
1901-1946
Notes:
Dr. Kenneth X. Robbins of Potomac, Maryland, psychiatrist, M.D., collector of south Asian art, and author, assembled a collection of various types of materials documenting Indian society particularly in the second quarter of the 20th century, focusing on the noble courts.
Mahabat Khanji Rasukhanji Babi Bahadur was the last ruling Nawab of Junagadh in British India from 1911 to 1947. Mahabat Khanji loved animals, particularly dogs, and is commemorated for having helped save the last Asiatic lions by providing them with a stable habitat. During Indian independence in 1947, the last Nawab chose to accede to the Dominion of Pakistan, causing the downfall of the state administration and the fleeing of the royal family. After being exiled to Pakistan, Mahabat Khanji died on November 17, 1959.
Summary:
Items pertaining to the spiritual, economic, and artistic history of modern India and its princely states. Parts include: fiscal philately from the princely states of India, documents pertaining to Indian medicine (6 linear ft.), paintings, medals and coins, map of Baroda and other princely states, postcards, the collector's research files, genealogical studies of Majarajas, and memorabilia on the history of Jews in Southern Indian. Robbins document Indian society, particularly court nobles. One photograph album and three photographs comprise this collection. The photograph album documents the Silver Jubilee celebration of Mahabat Khanji Rasukhanji Babi Bahadur, the last Nawab of Junagadh in 1945, including entertainment, events, and formal and informal portraits of participants. The Nawab is shown being saluted by government officials, being weighed in silver, and receiving a gift. Performances by dancing women and marching bands are documented, as are sports such as horseback riding, rock lifting, and running. People portrayed include government officials, prisoners in chains, the Nawab, the Nawab's son, nobles such as Kau Mull Ladha wth his daughter in a limousine, prominent citizens of Junagadh, and uniformed men marching.
Cite as:
Kenneth X. Robbins Photograph Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Kenneth X. Robbins, 1990
Topic:
Nobility
Coins
Description and travel
Kings and rulers
Local number:
FSA A1990.01
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Paul Singer Papers, circa 1890-1996

view Paul Singer Papers, circa 1890-1996 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Singer, Paul 1904-
Singer, Eva 1907-1975
Barnard, Noel
Cox, John Hadley b. 1913
Priest, Alan Reed
Physical description:
circa 22 linear feet (circa 13,850 items)
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Financial records
Place:
Austria, Vienna, Vienna
China
Vienna (Austria)
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
circa 1890-1996
Notes:
Dr. Paul Singer (1904-1997), medical doctor and neuro-psychiatrist, was an avid collector of Chinese art.
Summary:
The Papers include biographical data; correspondence; legal and financial material; writings, including his unpublished memoir and drafted catalog of the Singer collection; publications; and photographs depicting Singer, his family and friends, early days in Vienna, and his collection of Chinese art objects. The papers provide research support for the Paul Singer Collection, the largest single group of Chinese works of art acquired by the Gallery since it opened to the public in 1987.
Papers of Paul Singer - Paul Singer (1904). Biographical data; Awards; Correspondence (including two letters received from Noel Barnard, dated 16 July 1971 and 3 May 1974, the containing an enclosure of coresspondence and a printed announcement regarding Barnard's various publications; and Singer's photocopies of collected documents regarding the provenance of the Ch'u silk manuscript, including correspondence between collection John Hadley Cox and Alan Reed Priest, the Curator of Far Eastern Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a bibliography, and a receipt pf transfer from the Cox collection); Writings; Printed Material; Sketchbook; Photographs; Artifact.
Papers of Eva Singer - Eva Geyer Singer (1907-1975). Biographical data; Photographs; Newspaper clippings.
Photographs of Singer's life in Vienna, including images of his wife Eva, family, friends, and travel views.
Topic:
Art, Chinese--Collectors and collecting
Art, Asian--Collectors and collecting
Archaeology--Antiquities
Local number:
FSA A1991.01
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

Martha Smith Collection of Stereographs and Postcards, circa 1904

view Martha Smith Collection of Stereographs and Postcards, circa 1904 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Underwood & Underwood
Mayor, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt) 1901-1980
Underwood & Underwood Studios
Exposition universelle de 1867 (Paris, France)
Subject:
Meiji Emperor of Japan 1852-1912
Physical description:
51 stereographs: black and white
2 postcards: black and white
Type:
Stereographs
Collection descriptions
Postcards
Place:
Japan
Date:
1904
circa 1904
1900-1910
Notes:
The cards were most likely assembled by Ms. Smith's father, A. Hyatt Mayor (1901-1980), art historian, writer, and Metropolitan Museum of Art Curator of Prints from 1946-1966.
Underwood & Underwood was an early photographic studio who produced steroscopic and photographic images from 1881 to the 1940s. Founded in Ottawa, Kansas by brothers Elmer Underwood and Bert Elias Underwood, the studio worked in Ottawa, Baltimore, and New York City. They sold box sets of photographs and set up distribution offices throughout the world. Underwood & Underwood covered major news events like the Boer War and the Great War.
Summary:
43 stereographs from the early twentieth century were produced by the Underwood & Underwood Studio depicting various scenes and people from Meiji Japan, 3 stereographs from the 1867 Exposition Universelle in Paris, France, and two black and white postcards from Japan. Specific Japanese locations depicted include: Yokohama; Mississippi Bay and the Mikado Cliffs; Tokyo; Mt. Haruna, Ikao; Kyoto; Hiroshima; Lake Chuzenji.
Local number:
FSA A2002.02
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

James Marshall Plumer Papers, circa 1930's-1960

view James Marshall Plumer Papers, circa 1930's-1960 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Plumer, James Marshall
Subject:
Plumer, James Marshall
Physical description:
250 photographs : black and white
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Printed material
Drawings
Maps
Place:
China
Japan
Fujian
Zhejiang
Date:
193?
193?-1960
circa 1930s-1960
Notes:
James Marshall Plumer (1899-1960) , scholar of Asian art. After receiving his B.A. from Harvard, Plumer served as an administrative officer with the Chinese Government Service in Maritime Customs. From 1935 until his death, he taught art history at the University of Michigan while continuing to visit and work in China and Japan. In 1935 and 1937, Plumer discovered ancient kiln sites in the Chinese provinces of Fukien (Fujian) and Chekiang (Zhejiang). He wrote extensively on Chinese ceramics and edited the 'Far Eastern Ceramic Bulletin' from 1950 to 1958.
Summary:
Papers of the collection include: printed material, correspondence, drawings, and maps.
Photographs (which include silver gelatin photonegatives and photoprints) document Chinese ceramics and kiln sites in Fukien (Fujian) and Chekiang (Zhejiang) provinces, dating from ninth and tenth centuries, which were discovered by Plumer. Many of the images depict ceramics both at their original archaeological sites and in the laboratory. Most of the items are "wasters", imperfect ceramic objects that were broken at the kiln site at the time of manufacture. They include bowls, candlesticks, jars, tea cups, and vases. Other photographs show archaeological field workers including Plumer and local staff, field work activities, kilns, and the landscape surrounding the kilns.
Photographers and studios represented include the Fogg Art Museum of Harvard University, Charles B. Hoyt, Herbert Ingram, C.T. Loo, the Museum of Fine Arts (Boston), and James Marshall Plumer. Some photographs from this collection have been previously published or used in exhibitions.
Topic:
Ceramics
Kilns
Local number:
FSA A.14
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

George Kroto Lantern Slide Collection, 1901-1910

view George Kroto Lantern Slide Collection, 1901-1910 digital asset number 1
Collector:
Kroto, George 1873-1946
Photographer:
Tsurubuchi, H
Ikeda, Kametaro 1862-1915
Physical description:
130 glass lantern slides : color
Type:
Lantern slides
Collection descriptions
Place:
Japan
Kamakura-shi (Japan)
Kyoto (Japan)
Yamanaka Lake (Japan)
Yokohama-shi (Japan)
Tokyo (Japan)
Osaka (Japan)
Hakone-machi (Japan)
Yokosuka-shi (Japan)
Date:
1901
1901-1910
1900-1950
Notes:
American engineer George Kroto (1873-1946) assembled this collection to document Japanese art and culture, while living in Japan from 1901-1910 under the employ of Takata & Co., Tokyo.
Summary:
Handcolored stereopticon slides of Japan at the beginning of the 20th century. Images includes: place views, temples, tea houses, government buildings, domestic architecture, sculpture, landscapes, market scenes, women, Samurai warriors, wrestlers, Shinto and Buddhist priests, lantern makers, and workmen winding silk. Cities depicted include: Kamakura, Kyoto, Yamanaka, Yokohama, and others. The slides are often captioned in English and Japanese. Photographers represented may include H. Tsurubuchi of Tokyo and Kametaro Ikeda (1862-1915). Women and Girl's Living Style: Slide 1: Summer night Slide 2: Mother and a baby Slide 3: "Baby nurses under cherry trees." Slide 4: "A group of baby-nurses on a country road." Slide 5: A tea serving lady Slide 6: A woman with a parasol Slide 7: A woman reading Slide 8: "Young girls Making tea." Slide 9: Woman applying make-up Slide 10: Preparing the meal Slide 11: A woman standing Slide 12: Three women in a room Slide 13: A girl playing badminton Geisha Girls Slide 14: Maiko Slide 15: Three dancers Slide 16: "Geisha, Osaka" Slide 17: "Dancing girl. Kioto" Slide 18: "Concert of Koto and Shamisen" Sumo Wrestlers Slide 19: "Wrestlers" Slide 20: Sumo wrestling Slide 21: "one wrestler (Inagawa) stands in the arena." Slide 22: "Wrestler 'Hitachiyama'." Slide 23: "Wrestling" Samurai Warriors Slide 24: Group Samurai warriors Domestic Interior Slide 25: "Japanese Drawing room." Palanquins Slide 26: "Palanquin" Slide 27: "Palanquin in mountain road at Hakone." Customs and Living Style Slide 28: "Surf-bathing of Yuigahama, Kamakura." Slide 29: "Surf-bathing of Oiso, near Hakone." Slide 30: "Tea house at Sokokura, Hakone." Slide 31: Mt. Atago Shiba. Tokyo Slide 32: "Boat Excursion at the Foot of Arashiyama, Kioto." Slide 33: A peasant Slide 34: "Firemen's exercise on a ladder, which always takes place early in January." Slide 35: "'Manzai' dance. (Street scene in New Year)." Slide 36: "Marriage ceremony." Slide 37: A carp streamer on Children's Day Market Scenes/Shops Slide 38: "People of Imaichi coming back from market at Nikko." Slide 39 "Workman winding silk from Cocoon." Slide 40: "a Ferry." Slide 41: Japanese lantern makers Slide 42: Insect shop Slide 43: Nursery shop Slide 44: Toy store Slide 45: "Odenya." Stall selling Japanese Hotch potch Slide 46: Tea house Slide 47: "Bath-Room" Priests Slide 48: "Japanese Shinto priest" Slide 49: "The Priests Praying to Bud[d]ha." Slide 50: "Buddha priests retiring from the commemoration for those who died in bo[a]ttles, held at Aoyoma cemetery, Tokyo." Slide 51: "Shinto Priest." Shrines Slide 52: "Fountain of Yasukuni Park, Tokio" Kameido Tenjin, Tokyo Slide 53: Kameido Tenjin, Tokyo Slide 54: Kameido Tenjin, Tokyo Slide 55: Yasukuni Shrine, Tokyo Slide 56: "The torii Hakone." Slide 57: High Lantern in Sumiyoshi, Sumiyoshi shrine Slide 58: Sumiyoshi Shrine Temples Slide 59: "Fudo Temple, Narita near Tokio" Slide 60: Asakusa Kanzeon Slide 61: "'Anamori' Temple near Tokio" Slide 62: "Tomb of Tokugawa-shogun at Shiba Park, Tokio" Slide 63: Ueno Tennoji Temple in Tokyo Slide 64: "Iyeyasu tomb Nikko." Slide 65: "Nis [?] of Niomon gate Nikko." Slide 66: "Interior Iyeyasu temple Nikko." Box 2 Temples continued Slide 67: "Steps to the gate of Hachiman temple, Kamakura." Slide 68: "Tsurugaoka Hachiman Temple, Kamakura Slide 69: "Five storied Pagoda, Kioto" Slide 70: "The back of Kiyomizu temple Kyoto." Slide 71: "'Biodo' Temple, Uji, near Kioto" Slide 72: "Tai-Kioku Temple, Kioto Proceeding Ancient Ceremony." Slide 73: "'Higashi' Temple, Kioto" Slide 74: "'Nishi-Hongan' Temple, Kioto." Slide 75: Myokoku Temple in Sakai, Osaka City Views Slide 76: "'Ginza' Street, Tokio" Slide 77: "Shintomi Theatre, Tokio." Slide 78: "Nihonbashi street, Tokio" Slide 79: "Kudan, Tokio" Slide 80: "Military Museum, Tokio" Slide 81: "A court of Justice, Tokio" Slide 82: "Naval Department. Court of Justice. Dept of Justice affairs." Slide 83: "Overhead Railway in Tokio." Slide 84: "Pier at Yokohama." Slide 85: Yokohama Slide 86: "Navy Port of Yokosuka." Slide 87: "Umeda station, Osaka." Slide 88: "Shijiokawara, Kioto" Parks Slide 89: Japanese Iris in Horikiri, Tokyo Slide 90: Ueno Park, Tokyo Slide 91: "'Ueno' Park, Tokio." Slide 92: "Zoological Garden at Ueno Park, Tokio." Slide 93: "Asakusa Park, Tokio." Slide 94: "Asakusa Park, Tokio." Slide 95: "'Asakusa' Park, Tokio" Slide 96: "Hibiya Park, Tokio." Slide 97: "'Mito' Park, near Tokio." Slide 98: "'Koraku' Park, Okayama." Sculpture Slide 99: "Bronze statue of Saigo at Ueno Park, Tokio." Slide 100: "Bronze statue of Warrior 'Nanko', Tokio." Slide 101: "stone images Nikko." Bridges Slide 102: "'Nijiu' Bridge of Imperial Palace." Tokyo Slide 103: Nijiu Bridge of Imperial Palace, Tokyo Slide 104: Azuma Bridge, Tokyo Slide 105: "The stone bridge on the lotus pond, Hachiman temple Kamakura." Slide 106: "'Tenman' Bridge, Osaka." Slide 107: "Sanjio Bridge, Kioto." River and Falls Slide 108: "Ai-fishing, Tama[gawa] River." Tokyo Slide 109: "'Kegon' Water-fall. Niko." Slide 110: "'Tamadare' Waterfall." Hakone Slide 111: Tatsu no River in Oji, near Tokyo Slide 112: "Sea-side of Sukekawa, Mito" Scenery, Landscapes Slide 113: "Futami-[ga]Ura, Ise." Slide 114: "Matsu-shima, Sendai." Slide 115: "Snow-view of Ayase, Tokio." Slide 116: "View of Hakone." Slide 117: Full cherry blossoms at Mukojima Slide 118: "Cherry blossoms at the cliff of Kamonyama." Slide 119: "Cherry-Blossom on The Kumagai, near Tokio." Slide 120: "Full blossoms on Cherry Road, Yokohama" Mt. Fuji Slide 121: "Snow-Crowned Fuji from Ushinuma." Slide 122: "View of Mt Fuji" Slide 123: "Mt. Fuji from Tagonoura" Slide 124: "Mt. Fuji from Tagonoura" Slide 125: "Mt. Fuji on a moon light night." Slide 126: "Mt. Fuji viewed from Shoji lake." Slide 127: "Mt. Fuji viewed from Yamanaka lake & its refelec(sic)tion." Slide 128: "Spring View of Mt. Fuji from Gotemba." Slide 129: "Mt. Fuji viewed from Nishinoumi lake." Slide 130: "Mountain Guide of Mt. Fuji."
Cite as:
George Kroto Lantern Slide Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C
Topic:
Japan--Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A1992.02
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives

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