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Robert J. Del Bonta Collection

Physical description:
52 Prints and books
Type:
Prints
Collection descriptions
Place:
India
Local number:
FSA A2014.06
Summary:
Fifty-two works from the encyclopedic Robert J. Del Bonta? collection, show how certain ascetics and Hindu practices became emblems for all that Europeans and Americans found exotic, repulsive, or remarkable in India. By tracing how these images were interpreted and reproduced over time, the collection demonstrates how perceptions of Indian culture shifted through the centuries, from the Enlightenment to the colonial period and Christian missionary movement, and into modernity. Together these prints reveal structures of the European and American imagination as much as they encapsulate conceptions of India.
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Photograph of Japanese Officer 1861

Creator:
Sachtler, August
Physical description:
1 print albumen ; image 19.3 x 14.4 cm., mounted 26.8 x 21 cm
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Albumen prints
Portraits
Place:
Japan, Kanagawa Prefecture, Yokohama
Yokohama-shi (Japan)
Date:
1861
Topic:
Samurai
Men
Local number:
FSA A2002.05
Summary:
One sepia monochrome albumen print take from a wet collodion glass plate negative, 20 x 15 cm., by August Sachtler (act. ca. 1860). Captioned "Japanese Officer" in pencil in the lower left margin. On the verso the inscription "Colonol Mann C.B. Royal Engineers" has been written in pencil. Image depicts a seated samurai, dressed in traditional clothing and holding two swords
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Three Portraits of Royal Nepalese Women

Photographer:
Unknown
Physical description:
3 Photographs extent Hand-painted silver gelatin prints 8.5 x 6 3/8
Culture:
Nepalese
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
Nepal
Local number:
FSA A2011.01
Summary:
Three portraits of royal Nepalese women, the daughters of the Rana of Nepal and the Prime MInister (1931-1943) Juddah Samshar Janga Badahar Rana. The photos likely date from the 1910s-1920s. Each is a hand-tinted gelatin silver print mounted on paper.
Cite as:
Three Portraits of Royla Nepalese Women. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Mughal Garden Project Drawings and Photographs

Creator:
Unknown
Physical description:
5 linear feet
Type:
Drawings
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
Lahore (Pakistan)
Local number:
FSA A.03
Summary:
These materials are related to the joint research project with the Smithsonian and the Pkistan Department of Archaeology entited, "Garden, City, and Empire: The Historical Geography of Mughal Lahore." This project explored the spatial layout of garden sites and their geographic relationships with teh broader urban context. There are various draft map and diagrams. There is also a watercolor painting.
Cite as:
Mughal Garden Project Drawings and Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Java, Tree Study 1870s

Creator:
Woodbury & Page
Physical description:
1 print albumen
Type:
Photographs Albumen
Collection descriptions
Place:
Java
Indonesia
Date:
1870s
Local number:
FSA A1994.06
Summary:
Albumen print of a tree lined street in Java.
Cite as:
Woodbury & Page: Java, Tree Study. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Photograph of Tsangpo Valley

Creator:
White, J. Claude (John Claude) b. 1853
Physical description:
1 print carbon 10 x 3.5 cm.; mounted 16 x 5 cm
Type:
Books
Collection descriptions
Place:
Tsangpo Valley
Tibet (China)
Local number:
FSA A1998.06
Notes:
John Claude White (1853-1918) was an amateur British photographer who spent his professional life working for the British Raj. From 1883 to 1908, White was stationed in Kathmandu and Sikkim. His famous images of the Himalayas were taken during this period. He accompanied Francis Younghusband on the British expedition to Tibet in 1903-1904 and made a number of landscape photographs during the campaign, including the image in this collection.
Summary:
This collection consists of one carbon print by John Claude White, depicting a panoramic view of the Tscangpo Valley, circa 1904.
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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William Hodges: A Dissertation on the Prototypes of Architectures, Hindoo, Moorish, and Gothic, 1787

Creator:
Hodges, William 1744-1797
Physical description:
I book bound in brown Morocco leather with considerable repairs 57 x 85 cm
Type:
Books
Collection descriptions
Place:
India
Bengal (India)
Bihar (India)
Date:
1860
1787
Local number:
FSA A2012.06
Notes:
In his youth, William Hodges was apprenticed, for seven years, to the leading landscape painter, Richard Wilson. Hodges became well known for the sketches and paintings he produced as James Cook's appointed draughtsman during his second expedition to the Pacific Ocean (1772-1775). Form 1778 to 1783 he visited India as a professional painter under the protection of Warren Hastings, The Governor General of the East Indian Company. The most productive period of his Indian sojourn was between 1781 to 1783, when he toured the regions of Bengal and Bihar producing mostly landscape paintings for leading British figures. Hodges Disseration, published in 1787 and dedicated to Hastings, originates from material collected during his Indian tour. The painter's work gives shape and color to landscapes of the non-European world, creating a visual and explicit connection between these unfamiliar territories and the British audience.
Summary:
One book by William Hodges published in 1787.
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Stephen Eckerd Collection of Photographs

Creator:
Eckerd, Stephen
Physical description:
22 print
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Albumen prints
Place:
Nepal
Japan
Date:
1860
Local number:
FSA A2013.01
Notes:
These photographs depict various scenes in Nepal and Japan.
Summary:
A collection of 11 photographic prints collected by Stehen Eckerd in Nepal. Two of the photographs were taken by Eckerd. there are also 4 hand-tinted albumen photographs of Japanese scenes.
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Morith Collection

Creator:
Frick, Frank
Physical description:
I photography album : 151 prints;
2 box cameras
Type:
Photographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
Japan
Date:
1860
Local number:
FSA A2013.03
Notes:
Frank Frick was a merchant of Baltimore, Maryland, a patron of the arts, and during the last years of his life, traveler to Asia, Africa, and Europe. The album is 50 pages, each with hand tinted albumen prints and extensive hand painted margin decorations. The album itself is most likely American, but the photographs are Yokohama studio productions, mostly by the Tamamura studio. There are two vintage cameras: an 1898 Kodak :"Bullseye" and a 1920s Enemann Heig XII (not operational).
This photography album are from a dispersed set documeting Frick's world travels.
Summary:
One photography album of Frick's world travels. Also includes two box cameras.
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Japanese Imperial Medal Presented to Harold P. Stern, 1977

Physical description:
I medal
Type:
Medals
Collection descriptions
Date:
1860
1977
Local number:
FSA A2014.04
Notes:
This medal was presented to Harold Stern by Japan.
Summary:
One medal of the Order of the Sacred Treasure, Third Grade, presented to Harold Philip Stern, Directo of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, by the Emperor of Japan. The imperial seal was affixed at the Imperial Palace on April 3, 1977. There is also a certificate and various photo negatives.
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Portrait of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler

Creator:
Yuan Xikun
Physical description:
1 painting
Type:
Paintings
Collection descriptions
Portraits
Date:
1888
Local number:
FSA A1999.37
Notes:
The son of well-known painter, Yuan Xiaoling, Yuan Xikun began making art at an early age, working in his father's studio. Yuan later studied at an academy of fine arts, Yunnan Art College. He was also mentored by Jian Zhaohe, a master of traditional Chinese painting. For many years, Yuan Xikun has functioned as a cultural ambassador, having been commissioned to create portraits of over 100 international politicians and celebrities in both ink-and-wash and bronze, including Koffi Annan, Jacques Chirac, Boris Yeltsin and President Clinton. He continues to participate in many international causes. In 1995, he established a private museum, Beijing Jintai Art Museum.
One painting of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler.
Summary:
One painting of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler.
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Chaplain A.C. Oliver Jr. Lantern Slide Collection, circa 1920's and 1930's

Collector:
Oliver, Alfred Cookman 1885-1952
Physical description:
306 lantern slides : black and white and color
Type:
Lantern slides
Collection descriptions
Place:
China, Beijing, Beijing
Beijing (China)
Date:
1920
1920-1940
circa 1920s and 1930s
1900-1950
Topic:
China--Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A1997.06
Notes:
Colonel Alfred C. Oliver Jr. graduated from Princeton University in 1917, and subsequently became an Army Chaplain, serving in both the First and Second World Wars. Oliver spent two years in China from 1930-1932. In 1942, he was taken prisoner of war by the Japanese in the Phillipines. Upon surviving the Bataan death march, he was kept imprisoned until his release in 1945. Over the course of his life, he was stationed at Walter Reed Army Hospital (Washington, D.C) , in Hawaii, and in Fort Harrison, Indiana, where he became involved in the Civilian Conservation Corps. He co-authored with Harold M. Dudley a book entitled '"This new America : the spirit of the Civilian conservation corps" (1937) regarding his experience in this work. He retired from the Army in 1946.
Summary:
Lantern slides and stereopticons, black and white and hand-colored, assembled by Chaplain Oliver (he appears in several), depicting monuments and scenes, especially in Beijing, such as Ming tombs, temples, the Summer Palace, landscapes, place views, military soldiers, Chinese people, Western visitors, and daily life. Also includes images of the Great Wall and the Forbidden City. Four boxes of the slides are housed in original wooden slide cases with Chaplain Oliver's name and the subject of the slide within painted on the cover. Many slides are numbered on the mount ; some credit the Hui Wen Photo Department, Tiensin Hui Wen Academy.
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Bailey Willis Glass Plate Photonegatives Collection circa 1904

Creator:
Willis, Bailey 1857-1949
Subject:
Willis, Bailey 1857-1949
Freer, Charles Lang 1856-1919
Walcott, Charles D (Charles Doolittle) 1850-1927
Physical description:
Glass plate photonegatives 160 Box 1-13 12.7x20.3 cm, 15.2x25.4 cm
Modern copy prints 119 Box 14-15 12x19.5 cm
Type:
Glass negatives, Modern copy prints
Collection descriptions
Place:
Japan
China
Date:
circa 1904
Topic:
Geology
Photographs
Local number:
FSA A1991.06
Notes:
Bailey Willis was born at his parents' country estate at Idlewild-on-Hudson, near Cornwall, New York in 1857. He was the son of Nathaniel Parker Willis, a poet and journalist, and Cornelia (Grinnell) Willis of the prominent New England Grinnell family. His maternal granduncle, Henry Grinnell, was a benefactor of Arctic expeditions. His mother was instrumental in nurturing young Willis's interest in nature and exploration. After his father's death when Willis was ten years old, his mother, concerned about her son's "tendency to dream ineffectually," decided to train him in the stern disciplines of mathematics and science (Willis, A Yanqui in Patagonia 4). At the age of thirteen, Willis began schooling in Germany, where he received rigorous Prussian education.
Returning to New York in 1874, Willis entered the School of Mines at Columbia University, graduating with degrees in Mining Engineering in 1878 and Civil Engineering in 1879. After graduation Willis worked as an assistant for Raphael Pumpelly, a prominent geologist, by estimating iron and coal resources for the Northern Pacific Railroad. Geological work in the Pacific Northwest convinced Willis to support the preservation of Mount Rainier and its surroundings. The Mount Rainier National Park was established by law in 1899.
In 1882 Willis married his cousin Altona Holstein Grinnell. After her death in 1896, he married Margaret Delight Baker, daughter of anatomist Frank Baker. Margaret assisted Willis as draftsman and secretary.
Willis first earned international recognition as a geologist in the field of structural geology. Following the bankruptcy of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1884, Willis worked on assignments from the United States Geological Survey. While working in the southern Appalachian Mountains, he became interested in what had caused folding and faulting. By using laboratory experiments, Willis investigated the conditions causing the deformation of strata and published his new interpretation of the deformation in the report "The Mechanics of Appalachian Structure" (1893). This study established him as one of the country's leading structural geologists. His later book Geologic Structures (1923) went into three editions.
In addition to geological studies in the United States, Willis actively engaged himself in foreign expeditions throughout his life. From 1903 to1904, Willis led a scientific expedition to China under the auspices of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. With Eliot Blackwelder, an associate geologist, and R. H. Sargent, a topographer, the expedition investigated the geomorphology, stratigraphy, and paleontology of the country. The result of the expedition appeared as Research in China in 1907, which won a gold medal from the Geographic Society of France. Furthermore, in recognition of this work, Willis was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Berlin in 1910. In the same year the Argentine government invited Willis to conduct a geological survey of Patagonia for the region's irrigation potential.
In 1915, at age 59, Willis accepted a position of Chairman of the Department of Geology at Stanford University, where he remained affiliated as a professor emeritus after his retirement. In California, Willis extended his research to the area of seismology, and served as President of the Seismological Society of America. Believing in the permanence of continents, he held an oppositional view to the continental drift theories. In 1949, Willis died in Palo Alto, California at age 91.
Summary:
Bailey Willis Glass Plate Photonegatives Collection consists of 160 glass plate photonegatives and 119 modern copy prints mostly of Japanese subjects. Depicting Meiji-era Japan and traditional paintings, the photographs are attributed to the prominent American geologist Bailey Willis, who travelled to Japan in 1904 in his return trip from China to the U.S. From 1903 to 1904, Willis led a scientific expedition to China to conduct geological and paleontological investigations under the auspices of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. The expedition was proposed by Dr. Charles D. Walcott, the Director of the U.S. Geological Survey, who would become the fourth Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in 1907. After the expedition, the Smithsonian Institution took custody of 375 glass plate photonegatives taken by Willis during his Chinese expedition. Although the current Willis Collection does not retain Chinese glass plate photonegatives, which appear to be housed in the Huntington Library, the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives holds twelve original prints made from them. The Willis Collection richly documents Japanese local scenes, people, buildings, industries, agriculture, and art. It also contains a small number of Middle Eastern and Western images. These photographs are thought to be taken and/or purchased by Willis during his short stay in Japan in 1904.
Cite as:
Bailey Willis Glass Plate Photonegatives Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Henri Vever Papers, 1875-1932

Creator:
Vever, Henri 1854-1942
Subject:
Vever, Henri 1854-1942
Physical description:
2.5 lin. ft. (ca. 35 items)
Type:
Works of art
Collection descriptions
Diaries
Photograph albums
Photographs
Place:
France, Ile-de-France, Paris
France
Paris
Europe
Le Havre (France)
Paris (France)
Date:
1875
1875-1932
Twentieth century
Nineteenth century
Topic:
Art--Collectors and collecting
Art dealers
Art nouveau
Art, Asian
Art, European
Art, Islamic
Jewelry--History
Local number:
FSA A1988.04
Notes:
Jeweler, art collector, and author Henri Vever was born in Metz, France in 1854. Together with his older brother Paul, Henri Vever managed the family jewelry firm, Maison Vever, from 1881 until Paul's death in 1915 and Henri's retirement in 1921. As an art collector, Vever amassed a large collection of European, Asian, and Islamic art. Through his work as a jeweler, art collector, and author, Henri Vever played an important role in the twentieth-century art world.
Summary:
The Henri Vever Papers measure 2.5 linear feet (35 items) and span the years 1875 -1932. The collection contains six diaries, an account ledger, 20 photographs, one guest list, one ceremonial pommel, and six original oil paintings by Henri Vever. A photograph album with photographs, dated 1881-1930, of various Vever family members and the family estate in Noyers, France.
Cite as:
Henri Vever Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Franc?ois Mautin, 1988
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Benjamin March Papers 1923-1934

Creator:
March, Benjamin 1899-1934
Subject:
March, Benjamin 1899-1934
Rowe, Dorothy 1898-
Physical description:
11.75 linear feet
Type:
Lecture notes
Collection descriptions
Letters
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Place:
USA, Michigan, Detroit
China
Japan
Michigan
Date:
1923
1923-1934
Topic:
Architecture
Architecture, Japanese
Art, Asian
Art--Terminology
Art, Asian--Research
Art, Chinese
Art, Japanese
Art, Korean
Chinese language--Terms and phrases
Painting, Chinese
Painting, Japanese
Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A1995.10
Notes:
Far Eastern art writer, curator, and lecturer, Benjamin Franklin March Jr., was born in Chicago on July 4, 1899 to Benjamin and Isabel March. He studied, lectured, and wrote in the United States and China and through his works gained respect as one of the foremost authorities on Chinese art during the 1920s and 1930s. Although he lived only thirty-five years, Benjamin March was a respected and influential scholar of Asian art.
Summary:
The Benjamin March Papers span the years 1923 to 1934 and measure 11.75 linear feet. The collection includes: biographical data included in passports, obituaries, and fifty-seven condolence letters; lecture and course outlines; research notes; four diaries; one scrapbook; four illustrations including sketches for the March bookplate; fourteen photograph albums; printed matter; and 100 personal and artistic photographs.
Cite as:
Benjamin March Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Judith March Davis, 1995
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Anista?s Ma?ri? al-Karmili?, ab 1866-1947
Becker, Carl Heinrich 1876-1933
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian 1868-1926
Berchem, Max van 1863-1921
Krefter, Friedrich 1898-1995
Meyer, Eduard 1855-1930
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor 1865-1945
Sobernheim, Moritz
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum
Verlag Philipp von Zabern
Physical description:
150 linear feet (ca. 30,000 items)
Type:
Articles
Collection descriptions
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Diaries
Drawings
Glass negatives
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Photographic prints
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Paper Squeezes
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Aleppo (Syria)
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Ba?labakk (Lebanon)
Bi?sha?pu?r (Extinct city)
Bisutun Site (Iran)
Damascus (Syria)
Fi?ru?za?ba?d (Iran)
H?ims? (Syria)
Is?faha?n (Iran)
Lurista?n (Iran)
Naha?vand (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Paikuli (Iraq)
Palmyra (Syria)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Petra (Extinct city)
Sa?marra?' (Iraq)
Si?sta?n va Balu?chista?n (Iran)
Ta?q-e Bosta?n Site (Iran)
Tripoli (Lebanon)
Date:
1899-1962
Topic:
Abbasids
Aerial photography
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Antiquities
Architectural drawing
Art of the Islamic World
Ayyubids
Decoration and ornament
Description and travel
Excavations (Archaeology)
History
Inscriptions
Numismatics
Papyrus
Pottery
Religious buildings
Seals (Numismatics)
Local number:
FSA A.06
Notes:
- The Ernst Herzfeld collection description is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's own publications, on handwritten captions from his original field research material, on FSg Archives accession documents for the Ernst Herzfeld Papers, on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive, and finally on relevant scholars' publications and articles.
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Summary:
The Papers primarly relate to Herzfeld's survey of the monuments, artifacts, and inscriptions of Western Asia between 1903 and 1947 and particularly to his excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), Paikuli (Iraq), Pasargadae (Iran), Persepolis (Iran), Samarra (Iraq), and Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran), as well as various archaeological expeditions throughout Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Northern Syria, and Persia. Additional research materials, probably collected by Moritz Sobernheim and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim but preserved by Ernst Herzfeld, were part of a broader project, that of Max van Berchem's "Mate?riaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum." Much of the research material he accumulated during this time was used in preparation for his nearly two hundred books, articles, and lectures.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel journals, 1905-1928" is composed of eight travel journals: 1) FSA A.6 01.01 provides first an account of a trip (October 25 to November 19, 1928) to Khurramabad in which Herzfeld accompanied Reza Shah, and second an account of a trip (February 17 to March 19, 1929) from Tehran to Kuh-e Khwaja; 2) FSA A.6 01.02 provides an account of a trip (September 2 to November 18, 1905) from Assur to Shiraz ("Von Kalat Schergat nach Schiraz, 1905"); 3); FSA A.6 01.03 provides an account of a trip (November 23 to January 03, 1906) from Shiraz to Constantinople ("Von Schiraz nach Teheran und Constantinopel, 1905"); 4) FSA A.6 01.04 provides an account of a trip (February 14 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin to Pasargadae ("Tagebuch. Persien I, 1923"); 5) FSA A.6 01.05 provides an account of a trip (November 15, 1923 to April 30, 1924) from Pasargadae to bushire ("Tagebuch. Persien II, 1923-1924"); 6) FSA A.6 01.06 provides an account of a trip (December 1, 1923 to March 21, 1924) from Kabul (Afghanistan) to Mashhad (Iran) ("Afghanistan -Ostpersien I, 1924-1925"); 7) FSA A.6 01.07 provides first an account of a roundtrip (June 3 to June 29, 1911) Samarra - Sulaimaniya, and second an account of a trip (September 12 to September 19, 1911) from Balad (Iraq) to Seleucia - Ctesiphon ("Samarra Tagebuch 2, Reise nach Sulayma?ni?yah und nach Ktesiphon Baghdad"); 8) FSA A.6 01.08 provides an account of a trip (July 8 to August 27, 1913) from Samarra to Asadabad (Hamadan, Iran) ("Tagebuch der Ru?ckreise von Samarra 1913").
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks, 1923-1931" is organized into thirteen subseries: 1) FSA A.6 02.01 covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia from 1923 to 1924; 2) FSA A.6 02.02 provides a view of Pasargadae where Herzfeld formal excavations occupied twenty-eight days in April and May 1928; 3) FSA A.6 02.03 in part covers Herzfeld's years of travel and survey of most major archaeological sites in Persia from February 1923 to the end of October 1925; 4) FSA A.6 02.04 in part covers Herzfeld's years of travel and survey of most major archaeological sites in Persia from February 1923 to the end of October 1925; 5) FSA A.6 02.05 provides records of Herzfeld's observations related to Isfahan (Iran), Kerman (Iran), Na'in (Iran), and Saweh (Iran); 6) FSA A.6 02.06 provides records of Herzfeld's observations during a campaign of excavation at Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran) and Sistan (Iran), carried out in February and March 1929; 7) FSA A.6 02.07 covers the field activities of the Persepolis Expedition, including excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), and the terrace complex of Persepolis (Iran); 8) FSA A.6 02.08 records Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains related to Split (Croatia); 9) FSA A.6 02.09 provides records of measurements for topographical maps related to Firuzabad (Iran), Khurha (Iran), Pasargadae (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), and Persepolis (Iran); 10) FSA A.6 02.10 provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains and prehistoric artifacts related to Nineveh (Iraq), Ur (Iraq), Samarra (Iraq), Hamadan (Iran), Harsin (Iran), Kermanshah (Iran), and Shiraz (Iran); 11) FSA A.6 02.11 provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains, prehistoric artifacts and decorative motifs, some from the Hahn Collection; 12) FSA A.6 02.12 provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains, reliefs and inscriptions, prehistoric artifacts and decorative motifs related to several archaeological sites in Persia and Mesopotamia, as well as to the prehistoric mound of Tepe Giyan (Iran) in particular; 13) FSA A.6 02.13 provides records of Herzfeld's observations on inscriptions, archaeological remains, architecture, and decorative motifs related to Aleppo (Syria), Damascus (Syria), Hama (Syria), Hims (Syria), and Ma'arat al-Nu'man (Syria).
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks" is composed of 131 folders including a large variety of locations, names, topics, genres, and languages. As of today, only four inventories of objects (ledgers) have been digitized and are available online: 1) FSA A.6 03.089 provides an inventory of objects collected or acquired in several cities throughout Mesopotamia and Persia in 1923 and 1924; 2) FSA A.6 03.090 provides an abbreviated and corrected version of FSA A.6 03.089 as well as a continuation of FSA A.6 03.091; 3) FSA A.6 03.091 provides a continuation of FSA A.6 03.089, to which Herzfeld added an inventory of objects collected or acquired in several cities throughout Persia in 1926 and 1927, 1929, and finally 1932 and 1933; 4) FSA A.6 03.092 comprises a finds journal from the excavation of Pasargadae in 1928 as well as a random inventory of Near Eastern prehistoric objects.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files" contains 3,890 glass negatives, chronogically numbered from 1 to 5,066, which were originally stored in wooden boxes of 50 photographs each. Of most of these, Herzfeld had blueprints made which he arranged in 16 binders irrespective of the number on the negative. In addition to the 16 blueprint binders, Herzfeld assembled 5 albums including two from the Samarra series labelled "Pala?ste und Moscheen-I and -II." The remainder of the photographs, many given by Herzfeld's sister to George Miles and later donated to the Freer Gallery of Art, from glass negatives and from cut films, sometimes identified by Herzfeld, were printed en masse for study purpose (labelled by Upton as duplicate prints) and which are, for the most part, unpublished. For his own research, Herzfeld also collected prints from many sources. Of those there are no negatives. Finally, in early 1970s, Joseph Upton reorganized the whole Herzfeld collection of photographic prints into 42 photographic files, assembling 10 additional files in excess of the 24 existing files arranged by Herzfeld himself. The eight remaining files, File 35 to File 42, are made of duplicate prints provided by the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 5: Drawings and Maps" comprises 1,562 drawings and 70 maps, published and unpublished, with observations on topography, landscape, archaeological remains, architecture, and artifacts.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions" is organized into three subdivisions: FSA A.6 06.A, 100 items, inscriptions in Arabic language; FSA A.6 06.C, 129 items, inscriptions in Cuneiform writing; FSA A.6 06.M, 164 items, Middle-Persian and Parthian inscriptions. The paper squeezes relate primarly to several archaeological expeditions carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in the Middle East, from 1908 to 1934; to a trial excavation and an excavation campaign carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in Persepolis and several nearby sites, from 1923 to 1934; and to three expeditions to Paikuli (Iraq), in 1911, 1913, and 1923.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions" is organized into 15 units of original materials (drawings, sketches, sketchbooks, correspondence, notebooks, photographs, blueprints, notes, diaries, prints, journals, publications, articles, clippings, rubbings) from two campaigns of excavation at Samarra in Iraq, carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 8: Archaeological Artifacts" contains 101 numbered objects, ranging from H1 to H101, and 3 unnumbered artifacts. The numbers are those painted in red on the objects when they were listed by Dr. Richard Ettinghausen. The medium of these artifacts comprises metal (8), wood (10), stone (4), pottery (60), glass (6), stucco (4), bone or ivory (8), painted plaster (1). As stated in Herzfeld's Statement of Gift to Dr. Wetmore, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, the artifacts were considered as library and study material only. They were finally transferred to the Freer Study Collection in February, 14, 1984."
Publications:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1907: "Samarra, Aufnahmen und Untersuchungen zur Islamischen Archaeologie. Behrend & Co, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1910: "Iranische felsreliefs; aufnahmen und untersuchungen von denkma?lern aus alt- und mittelpersischer zeit. Berlin, E. Wasmuth A.-G."
Herzfeld, Ernst and Sarre, Friedrich, 1911: "Archa?ologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet, Band I. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer / Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst and Sarre, Friedrich, 1911: "Archa?ologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet, Band III. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer / Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1912: "Erster Vorla?ufiger Bericht u?ber die Ausgrabungen von Samarra. Dietrich Reimer (Ernst Vohsen), Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1914: "Die Aufnahme des Sasanidischen Denkmals von Paikuli. Verlag der Konigl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst and Sarre, Friedrich, 1920: "Archa?ologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet, Band II. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer / Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst and Sarre, Friedrich, 1920: "Archa?ologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet, Band IV. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer / Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1920: "Am Tor Von Asien, Felsdenkmale aus Irans Heldenzeit. Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, A.-G., Verlag in Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1923: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra I, Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und Seine Ornamentik. Verlag Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1923-31: "Archaeologische Mitteilunen aus Iran; Band II and III. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1924: "Paikuli: Monument and Inscription of the Early History of the Sasanian Empire; Volume II, containing 228 plates. Berlin: D. Reimer, Ernst Vohsen."
Friedrich Sarre, 1925: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra II, Die Keramik von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1927: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra III, Die Malereien von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
Lamm, Carl Johan, 1928: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra IV, Das Glas von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1930: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra V, Die Vorgeschichtlichen To?pfereien von Samarra. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1935: "Archaeologische Mitteilunen aus Iran; Band VII. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1938: "Archaeologische Mitteilunen aus Iran; Band IX. Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, Ernst Vohsen, Berlin."
- Herzfeld, Ernst, 1941: "Iran in the Ancient East. Archaeological Studies Presented in the Lowell Lectures at Boston. London: Oxford University Press."
Herzfeld, Ernst. "Ars Islamica, IX, 'Damascus:Studies in Architecture, I. The Mukarnas Dome. The Madrasa'. Published by Freer Gallery of Art, The Smithsonian Institution and Department of the History of Art, University of Michigan."
Herzfeld, Ernst. "Ars Islamica, X (1943). Damascus: Studies in Architecture, II. 'The Cruciform Plan. Syrian Architecture, Period of Nu?r ad-Di?n'. Published by Freer Gallery of Art, The Smithsonian Institution and Department of the History of Art, University of Michigan."
Herzfeld, Ernst: "Ars Islamica, XI-XII (1946). Damascus: Studies in Architecture, III. 'The Ayyubid Madrasa. The Turba'. Published by Freer Gallery of Art, The Smithsonian Institution and Department of the History of Art, University of Michigan."
Herzfeld, Ernst. "Ars Islamica, XIII-XIV. Damascus: Studies in Architecture, IV. 'The Mosque'. Published by Freer Gallery of Art, The Smithsonian Institution and Department of the History of Art, University of Michigan."
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1948: "Ausgrabungen von Samarra VI, Geschichte der Stadt Samarra. Hamburg, Eckardt & Messtorff; Buchha?ndlerischer Vertrieb durch D. Reimer, Andrews & Steiner, Berlin."
Herzfeld, Ernst. "Mate?riaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum, Deuxie?me Partie : Syrie du Nord, Inscriptions et Monuments d'Alep. Tome II. Le Caire; Imprimerie de L'Institut Francais d'Archae?ologie Orientale, 1954."
Northedge, Alastair, 1993: "An Interpretation of the Palace of the Caliph at Samarra (Dar Al-Khilafa or Jawsaq Al-Khaqani). In Ars Orientalis, Vol. 23."
Leisten, Thomas, 2003: "Excavation of Samarra, v. I. Architecture : Final report of the first campaign 1910-1912. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz am Rhein."
Ann C. Gunter and Stefan R. Hauser, 2004: "Ernst Herzfeld and the development of Near Eastern Studies, 1900-1950. Boston, Massasuchetts: Brill."
Cite as:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals 1905-1928
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks 1923-1931
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files 1903-1947
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 5: Drawings and Maps 1903-1947
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions 1903-1947
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions 1906-1945
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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John Alexander Pope Papers 1929-1982

Creator:
Pope, John Alexander 1906-
Subject:
Pope, John Alexander 1906-
Freer Gallery of Art
Physical description:
20.6 linear feet (ca. 19,000 items)
Type:
Correspondence
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Printed materials
Research
Place:
USA, District of Columbia, Washington
China
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1929
1929-1982
Topic:
Art, Chinese
Art, Japanese
Local number:
FSA A1988.01
Notes:
Museum director and art historian. Director of the Freer Gallery of Art from 1962 to 1971.
Summary:
Biographical data, subject files containing correspondence and photographs, research files including materials related to his study of Chinese porcelains, files regarding the Freer Gallery of Art where Pope served as director from 1962-1971, writings and notes, printed materials, photographs, and 2 ceramic bowls.
Cite as:
John Alexander Pope Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Annamarie H. Pope, 1988-1990
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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John Calvin Ferguson Family Papers, 1889-1962, (bulk 1890-1944)

Creator:
Ferguson, John Calvin 1866-1945
Fu, Zengxiang 1872-1949
Li, Yuling 1872-1949
Subject:
Ferguson, John Calvin 1866-1945
Physical description:
7 linear feet Plus: 1 drawing : ink, mounted on board ; 111 x 50 cm
Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Collection descriptions
Portraits
Ink drawings
Photographs
Newspaper clippings
Photograph albums
Speeches
Place:
China, Shanghai, Shanghai
China
Nanjing (Jiangsu Sheng, China)
Shanghai (China)
Date:
1899
1889-1962
bulk 1890-1944
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Men
Local number:
FSA A1999.33
Notes:
John Calvin Ferguson was an advisor to the Executive Yu?an of the National Government of China, college president, author, and art collector. Born in Napanee, Ontario, Canada in 1866, Ferguson was ordained to the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal church in 1885, and awarded a Ph.D. degree from Boston University in 1902. Following his marriage to Mary E. Wilson, he went to China in 1887 as a missionary, where he founded a Methodist school, the Hui wen shu yu?an, which eventually became the University of Nanking. He assumed the position of first president of Nanyang Public School (Nan-yang kung hsu?eh) at Shanghai from 1897-1902. Subsequently, he became a member of the Treaty Commission, secretary to the Chinese Ministry of Commerce and later chief secretary of the Imperial Chinese Railway Administration while being concurrently advisor to the Viceroys of Nanking and Wu-ch'ang. In Shanghai Dr. Ferguson was honorary secretary of the North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, proprieter of the Shanghai Times (daily), and editor of Sin Wan Pao, the leading daily newspaper, which he owned until 1929. During his last year in Shanghai, he became chairman of the Central China Famine Relief Committee. Moving to Peking in 1911, he became vice-president of the Red Cross Society and was appointed foreign secretary for the Ministry of Posts and Communications until 1912. From 1915 he became counselor of the department of state in China, and later served as advisor to the president of the Republic until 1928. During 1923-1931 Ferguson was joint-editor of The China Journal. Ferguson's art collection was temporarily placed in the Wen hua tien in the Palace in 1935, before going to the University of Nanking. Leaving Peking in 1943, Ferguson and his daughter Mary traveled back to the United States, where he died in 1945. Among his publications were Outlines of Chinese Art, 1919; Chinese Painting, 1927; Noted Porcelains of Successive Dynasties, 1931; Catalogue of Recorded Paintings, 1934; and Catalogue of Recorded Bronzes, 1934.
In Shanghai Dr. Ferguson was honorary secretary of the North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, proprietor of the Shanghai Times (daily), and editor of Sin Wan Pao, the leading daily newspaper, which he owned until 1929. During his last year in Shanghai, he became chairman of the Central China Famine Relief Committee. Moving to Peking in 1911, he became vice-president of the Red Cross Society and was appointed foreign secretary for the Ministry of Posts and Communications until 1912. From 1915 he became counselor of the department of state in China, and later served as advisor to the president of the Republic until 1928. During 1923-1931 Ferguson was joint-editor of The China Journal. Ferguson's art collection was temporarily placed in the Wen hua tien in the Palace in 1935, before going to the University of Nanking. Leaving Peking in 1943, Ferguson and his daughter Mary traveled back to the United States, where he died in 1945. Among his publications were Outlines of Chinese Art, 1919; Chinese Painting, 1927; Noted Porcelains of Successive Dynasties, 1931; Catalogue of Recorded Paintings, 1934; and Catalogue of Recorded Bronzes, 1934.
Fu Zengxiang (1872-1949) served as the Minister of Education in China's Beiyang government from December 1917 to May 1919.
Summary:
Papers (some are photocopies), portions in Chinese, of John Calvin Ferguson, his daughter Mary, and grandson Peter Ferguson and Peter's wife Jean. The bulk of the papers, 1890-1944, concern John C. Ferguson and include one holograph dated 1902 to Headland; typescripts of addresses given to the University of Nanking, 1909-1929, and a eulogy by Fu Tseng-hsi, a translation of his address to a public school in Shanghai, a mimeographed description of 55th anniversary of the University of Nanking, two newspaper clippings, and a 1936 issue of Caravan; and still prints and four photograph albums, 1890-1937, portraying Ferguson, his wife and family, Chinese officials, members of the Treaty Commission, landscape painting by T'ang Tai (1637-?), and works given to the University of Nanking. Additional papers mostly concern family members attempting to acquire documentation of Dr. Ferguson and to retrieve portions of his estate that remained in China.
Framed drawing, ink on paper, by Li Yuling (Chinese, 19th/20th century). Full-length profile portrait of John Calvin Ferguson (1866-1945) advisor to the Executive Yuan of the National Government of China, shown wearing the robes of a Chou dynasty scholar and facing left, underneath two Chinese inscriptions. The first two-column inscription was written by the artist, dated Christmas 1936, marking Dr. Ferguson's 70th birthday; the second inscription is a long colophon, dated New Year's Day 1937 and written by Fu Zengxiang (1872-1949).
Cite as:
John Calvin Ferguson Family Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Peter Ferguson, 1999
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Everett Edward Thompson Papers, 1899-1962

Creator:
Thompson, Everett Edward 1876-1962
Subject:
Thompson, Everett Edward 1876-1962
Kuhn, Irene
Physical description:
ca. 151 items
Type:
Lecture notes
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Place:
Indonesia, Java
East Indies
Indonesia
Java
Malaysia
Date:
1899
1899-1962
Topic:
Indonesia -- Description and travel
Royalty, Netherlands
Local number:
FSA A1991.05
Notes:
Editor, lexicographer, author, and lecturer Everett Edward Thompson was born in Springfield, Massachusetts in1876. He received an A.B. degree from Amherst College in 1899. From 1901-1905 Thompson fufilled an appointment to a government teaching position in the Philippines. In 1905 he traveled from Manila to Singapore, and then to Burma, India, Ceylon, Java, the Straits Settlements, and Japan. From 1905 to 1909 he was part of the editorial staff of the G&C Merriam Company, publisher of the Webster-Merriam dictionaries, Springfield, Massachusetts. In 1907 he married Emily Lecretia Bettes and two years later in 1909 received an M.A. from Amherst College where he wrote a thesis on, "The Spanish Element in the English Language." From 1910-1920 Thomspon served as editor of foreign language textbooks, American Book Company, New York City. In 1920 he received honorary doctor of letters (Litt. D) from Syracuse University. That same year Thompson rejoined the Webster dictionary editorial staff of G&C Merriam Company, Springfield, Massachusetts where he remained until 1949. Everett Edward Thompson died 1962 March 24 in Springfield, Massachusetts
Summary:
The papers, 1899-1962, of editor, lexicographer, author, and lecturer Everett Edward Thompson (1876-1962) primarily document his 1905 trip to Indonesia and subsequent lectures delivered from 1913-1919 and 1956. Portions of the papers are photocopies. Included are obituaries; a portrait photograph dated 1899; portions of a travel journal; announcements, notes, and 132 glass lantern slides assembled in preparation for lectures on Indonesia; a letter; printed material and clippings related to language and the Webster-Merriam dictionaries; and a handwritten copy of Irene Kuhn's 1961 news article on the early history of U.S. field teaching in the Philippines.
Cite as:
Everett Edward Thompson Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ronald Thompson, 1991
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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Hughes French India Company School Drawings [1840?]

Creator:
Hughes, Thomas L
Physical description:
32 items; 39 x 25 cm
Type:
Drawings
Collection descriptions
Pictorial works
Views
Place:
India, Union Territory
India
Date:
1840
Topic:
Drawing, Indic
Tamil (Indic people)
Ethnology
Social life and customs
Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A1993.10
Summary:
The circumstances of creation are unknown for these watercolor drawings depicting Tamil men and women in various trades and activities. These ethnographic studies may have been rendered by a local Indian artist of the Pondicherry area of South India on commission for a French official or merchant. The name "Company School" has been attached to suggest the similarity between these drawings and those typically commissioned by the East India Company, especially during the early 18th century. The regularity of size and shape and numbering of the sheets would seem to indicate that these drawings may have been used to illustrate a bound monograph. Captions are in French. Several sheets are watermarked "J. Whatman. Balston & Co." with dates 1822-1825.
Cite as:
French India Company School Drawings. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Thomas L. Hughes, 1984-1985
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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