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The Chimneys collection, 1903-1985

view The Chimneys collection, 1903-1985 digital asset number 1
Creator:
Weems, Katharine Lane 1899-
Massachusetts Horticultural Society
New York Florists Club
North Shore Horticultural Society
Landscape architect:
Olmsted, Frederick Law Jr
Whiting, Edward Clark
Landscape architects:
Olmsted Brothers
Architect:
Gildersleeve, Raleigh C.
Subject:
Lane, Gardiner Martin
Lane, Emma Gildersleeve
Mullen, James X
Dana, Rich H
Weems, Katharine Lane 1899-
Gardener:
Watson, B. M
Physical description:
15 cubic ft
Type:
Correspondence
Collection descriptions
Trade catalogs
Photocopies
Photographs
Negatives
Plans (drawings)
Medals
Diaries
Books
Place:
United States
Massachusetts
Manchester
The Chimneys (Manchester, Massachusetts)
Date:
1903
1903-1985
Notes:
The property on which this estate in Manchester, Massachusetts sits was originally owned by the father of Richard Henry Dana, Jr., the author of Two Years Before the Mast. The estate was subdivided after the elder Dana's death in 1879. Gardiner Martin Lane purchased the land and had his brother-in-law, Raleigh Gildersleeve, design a large Georgian Colonial Revival summer house for him known as "The Chimneys." The Olmsted Brothers landscape architecture firm was hired in 1902 to help with the overall siting of the house and to plan a number of garden areas. During the next ten years, the Olmsted firm designed a number of areas including an approach road, formal terraced gardens, a water garden, and a variety of outdoor structures such as an arbor, tea house, and greenhouse.
Katharine Lane Weems (1899-1989), the daughter of Emma and Gardiner M. Lane, spent her childhood summers at "The Chimneys." She later attended the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and went on to specialize in sculpting animals. "The Chimneys" served as her principal studio after the stable was remodeled in 1930; later it became her primary residence. She married F. Carrington Weems in 1947 and published an autobiography, Odds Were Against Me, in 1985. She died at her family estate in 1989.
Summary:
Correspondence, invoices, nursery and seed catalogs, estimates, planting plans, photocopies of blueprints, photographs, negatives, autochromes, and drawings relating to the gardens of The Chimneys, the home of Emma and Gardiner Martin Lane and their daughter Katharine Lane Weems in Manchester, Massachusetts. Also included are four garden journals (1903-1928), garden-related medals awarded to Emma Lane, index files of plant materials, photocopies of garden related library cards belonging to Gardiner M. Lane, and books. The collection also includes architectural plans, invoices and specifications from, and a framed photograph of, Raleigh C. Gildersleeve, architect of The Chimneys and uncle of Weems.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Chimneys collection
Topic:
Women sculptors
Water gardens
Sculptors
Gardens
Local number:
MA016000
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_179211

Historic gardens Stereograph Collection, circa 1870-1910

view Historic gardens Stereograph Collection, circa 1870-1910 digital asset number 1
Subject:
Smithsonian Institution
United States Capitol (Washington, D.C.)
United States Department of Agriculture
Physical description:
1.75 cubic ft
807 stereographs : black and white, color ; 3 1/2 x 7 inches
Type:
Stereographs
Collection descriptions
Place:
United States
Date:
1870
1870-1910
circa 1870-1910
Notes:
Popular during the latter half of the 19th century, stereographs consist of two similar photographic images affixed to a cardboard mount that produce a three-dimensional image when viewed through a stereoscope.
Summary:
The Historic Gardens Stereograph Collection includes 807 stereographs that depict various public gardens, parks, and tourist attractions throughout the United States, with an emphasis on features related to horticulture and landscape design, including plants, garden furniture, and topiaries. Most, but not all views, show exterior features. A number of stereographs indicate the photography studio on the recto or verso, as well as a series or image number. Many include a brief caption; some include a lengthy description on the verso. Few are dated.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Historic Gardens Stereograph Collection
Topic:
Buildings
Floral decorations
Flower arrangement
Garden ornaments and furniture
Gardens
Historic sites
Monuments
Parks
Recreation
Sculpture
Topiary work
Tropical plants
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_249573

H. Weber & Sons Co. Records, circa 1879-1962

view H. Weber & Sons Co. Records, circa 1879-1962 digital asset number 1
Creator:
H. Weber & Sons Co
Subject:
H. Weber & Sons Co
Physical description:
7 boxes
Type:
Floral frames
Collection descriptions
Ledgers (account books)
Account books
Photographs
Medals
Date:
1879
1879-1962
circa 1879-1962
Notes:
See also 'Floral Industry-Henry Weber' file in Victorian Horticultural Subjects vertical file.
Henry Weber (1935-1904) was born in Germany and later immigrated to the United States in the 1860s. He was raised on a farm; this experience influenced the course of his life and career. Weber showed an affinity for flower growing and in 1870, he founded his own firm, The H. Weber & Sons Co, a florist shop and greenhouse. In 1866, he married Catharine Schutz. Together they had eleven children; six later joined him in the company, which sold cut flowers (especially carnations and roses), annuals, perennials, herbs and vegetable plants. In 1880, Weber purchased an additional one hundred acres of land for the company. At the height of his business, he held a total of five hundred acres.
Weber sold to a variety of clients, including private individuals and large companies. At the turn of the century, the small town of Oakland, Maryland, where his company was based, prospered because of the influence of the railroad, agriculture and summer vacationers. The H. Weber & Sons Company's customer base, however, extended far beyond the boundaries of Oakland and the state of Maryland. Customers were located in Washington, D.C., West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, Ohio, North Carolina, and as far away as Illinois, Michigan and Toronto, Ontario. Henry Weber died in 1904; his sons continued the business until 1978.
Summary:
The H. Weber & Sons Co. Collection documents the professional activities of The H. Weber & Sons Co. The collection contains business records, photographs, horticultural medals and pins and wire frames used for floral displays. The bulk of the collection consists of business records dating from 1903-1907 in the form of accounting journals and ledgers with handwritten entries of sales and payments.
The ledger entries are quite detailed and include the date, customer name and sometimes the location, items purchased (with specific information related to quantity and item description), and unit and total prices. In the case of payments received, the entries include the client, date, amount paid and the method of payment, such as cash, check, money order or p.o. stamps. Some of the journals include sections in which monthly and annual account information was tallied. One ledger appears to contain names of employees, along with information such as hourly wages, hours worked and rent received.
The collection of horticultural medals spans from 1879 to 1905. Most are in their original cases and are engraved. The floral frame collection is extensive; a sampling of the motifs that are represented includes a banner, open book, harp, train, four-leaf clover, cross, star, clock and Masonic symbols. These frames were typically used for funerary flower arrangements.
This collection contains only a sampling of the records of The H. Weber and Sons Co. and should not be considered comprehensive.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, H. Weber & Sons Records
Topic:
Florists
Floristry
Greenhouses
Horticulture
Mail-order business
Carnations
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287178

J. Horace McFarland company collection

view J. Horace McFarland company collection digital asset: Bellingrath Gardens & Home [photoprint]
Creator:
American Rose Society.
McFarland, J. Horace, (John Horace), 1859-1948
Names:
J. Horace McFarland Company.
Mount Pleasant Press.
Walsh, James
Extent:
30 cubic feet (2718 photographs: black and white; 448 glass lantern slides; 41 glass negatives; color records; plant patents; publications. )
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Breeze Hill (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania)
Pennsylvania--Harrisburg
Date:
1899-1974
Summary:
The J. Horace McFarland Collection includes over 3,100 photographic images of private and public gardens throughout the United States, as well as some from foreign countries, dating from 1899 to 1963. Many of these images, generated for Mount Pleasant Press (later the J. Horace McFarland Company), were used to illustrate trade catalogs published by the firm as well as journal and newspaper articles. The collection also contains color records that were used as reference aids during the printing process, plant patents, and various publications of the McFarland Company.
Scope and Contents note:
The J. Horace McFarland Collection includes over 2,700 black and white mounted photographs, 448 glass lantern slides, and 41 glass plate negatives of gardens throughout the United States dating from 1899 to 1963. A small number of images show gardens in Austria, Canada, England, Mexico, Scotland and Wales. Many of the images, which were generated and used by the J. Horace McFarland Company to illustrate trade catalogs and journal and newspaper articles, indicate the publication(s) in which they appeared. A series of portraits of rosarians, many of them featured in Modern Roses 6, rounds out the image collection. The McFarland Collection also includes color records, plants patents, and miscellaneous publications. Color records are plant ‘portraits’ that were painted by McFarland Company staff artists in watercolor. They were referenced by the printing department in order to render illustrations of plants in colors as close to the originals as possible. The plant patents are patents for plants issued by the United States Patent Office. They include the plant name, source, filing and patent dates, patent number, and growth characteristics. Most are accompanied by a colored image of the plant identified in the patent. The miscellaneous publications are various pamphlets and booklets published by the J. Horace McFarland Company.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 5 series:

1) Garden images (including mounted photographs, glass plate negatives, and glass lantern slides)

2) Portraits of Rosarians

3) Color Records

4) Plant Patents

5) Miscellaneous Publications
Biographical/Historical note:
Dr. J. Horace McFarland (1859-1948) was an influential civic leader, author, publisher, horticulturist, and authority on roses. His printing company, Mount Pleasant Press (later the J. Horace McFarland Company), was based in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. It published many of the seed and nursery trade catalogs in the United States during the first half of the twentieth century and was one of the first to apply color processes to commercial print applications. J. Horace McFarland Company staffers photographed thousands of different gardens and plant specimens throughout the United States. These images were used to illustrate numerous nursery and seed catalogs, journals and books. Among its many services, the firm sold various themed lectures illustrated by sets of hand-colored glass lantern slides.

McFarland wrote over 200 articles in popular journals as well as a dozen books on roses and gardening. He served as the first president of the American Civic Association from 1904-1924 and led several local and national campaigns to protect communities and scenic areas from urban blight and overdevelopment including the city of Harrisburg and Niagara Falls. McFarland, who served as the president of the American Rose Society (1930-1932) and helped establish a standardized rose identification and registration method, used the gardens on his own 2.5 acre property in Harrisburg, "Breeze Hill," to test hundreds of varieties of roses and plant cultivars. "Breeze Hill" was used as the backdrop for many photographs taken by McFarland's firm.
Separated Materials note:
The Smithsonian Institution's Botany and Horticulture Library includes seed and nursery trade catalogs, books, and published materials from the J. Horace McFarland Company.

The United States Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Library in Beltsville, Maryland has various photographic images, nursery catalogs, publications and miscellaneous records from the J. Horace McFarland Company in its J. Horace McFarland Collection.

The Pennsylvania State Archives in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania includes the J. Horace McFarland Company Records (Manuscript Group 453) and the J. Horace McFarland Papers (Manuscript Group 85).

The Historical Society of Dauphin County in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania includes the J. Horace McFarland Collection (MG 229).
Provenance:
Donated in 1992 by James W. Walsh, who purchased the J. Horace McFarland Company from its founder's heirs. (The business was later renamed the Roebuck Printing Company.)
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
For information or study purposes only. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardening--Washington (D.C.)
Gardens--United States
Horticulturists
Printers--Pennsylvania
Printers--United States
Rose breeders--United States
Seed industry and trade--Catalogs
Seed industry and trade--United States
Seeds--Catalogs
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Lantern slides
Photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, J. Horace McFarland Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCF
See more items in:
J. Horace McFarland company collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-mcf
Additional Online Media:

John M. Fogg photographic slides

view John M. Fogg photographic slides digital asset: Geneva -- Stern's Nursery
Photographer:
Fogg, John M. (John Milton), 1898-1982
Extent:
183 slides (photographs) (35mm, 0.1 cubic feet, 1 slide box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1955-1967
Summary:
Collection consists of 183 35mm photographic slides that Dr. John M. Fogg took of a variety of arboreta, botanic gardens, plant nurseries, and other assorted gardens throughout the United States and Canada between 1955 and 1967.
Scope and Contents:
The collection comprises 183 35mm photographic slides taken by Dr. John M. Fogg between 1955 and 1967 documenting a variety of trips to botanic gardens, arboreta, and plant nurseries in the U.S. and Canada. Photographs also include trips taken by Fogg and other members of the American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta (later the American Public Gardens Association).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into the following series and subseries:

Series 1: Garden images Subseries 1: Gardens in the United States Subseries 2: Foreign Gardens
Biographical Note:
Dr. John Milton Fogg Jr. (b.1898 - d.1982), a botanist, was a professor of botany for over sixty years at the University of Pennsylvania. He was the director of the Morris Arboretum at the University of Pennsylvania between 1954 and 1967. In 1941 Fogg was appointed Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and named Vice Provost of the University of Pennsylvania in 1944. His career in botany was prolific.

Throughout his career Fogg worked to survey the flora of Pennsylvania. He helped to establish a horticulture school at the Barnes Foundation in Merion, Pennsylvania where he served as its first botany instructor. In 1966, Dr. Fogg was appointed Director of the Arboretum of the Barnes Foundation. Fogg wrote and published dozens of books and articles about botany and plants throughout his career. Fogg died in 1982 at the age of 83.
Related Archival Materials:
Records relating to Dr. Fogg's professional career are located at the following repositories: The John Milton Fogg Papers at the Barnes Foundation Archives in Merion, Pennsylvania, and the Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania records 1933-2013 at the Morris Arboretum Archives at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pensylvania.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the Archives of American Gardens by the Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania in 2017.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit all requests for appointments in writing. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Public gardens
Gardens -- Missouri
Gardens -- Virginia -- Norfolk
Gardens -- Virginia
Botanists -- 1950-1980
Gardens -- Tennessee
Gardens -- Ohio
Botanical gardens
Gardens -- United States
Gardens -- Massachusetts
Gardens -- Washington (D.C.)
Gardens
Gardens -- Canada
Botany
Gardens -- New Jersey
Gardens -- New York (State)
Gardens -- Pennsylvania
Gardens -- Georgia
Arboretums
Gardens -- Minnesota
Gardens -- North Carolina
Nurseries (Horticulture)
Genre/Form:
Slides (35mm transparencies)
Color slides
Photographic slides
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, John M. Fogg Photographic Slides
Identifier:
AAG.FOG
See more items in:
John M. Fogg photographic slides
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-fog
Additional Online Media:

W. Atlee Burpee & Company records

view W. Atlee Burpee & Company records digital asset: Contest Letters, #681-758
Creator:
Burpee, W. Atlee, (Washington Atlee), 1858-1915
James Vick's Sons (Rochester, N.Y.).
W. Atlee Burpee & Co.
Wm. Henry Maule (Firm)
Extent:
201 cubic feet
12,715 items
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
circa 1873-1978
bulk 1890-1930
Summary:
The collection contains the records of W. Atlee Burpee & Company and includes accounting records, seed trial records, seed contracts, sales records, contracts, inventories, office correspondence, contest letters, seed catalogs, pamphlets, advertisements and advertising reports, daybooks, photographs and other items relating to the company and some of its competitors. The collection is not comprehensive and includes significant gaps.
Arrangement note:
Collection is arranged into three series:

Series 1: Plant/Farm Related Materials

Series 2: Business Materials

Series 3: Miscellaneous
Biographical/Historical note:
Washington Atlee Burpee (1858-1915) began a mail-order poultry and livestock business in 1876 in Philadelpia, which he soon expanded to include corn seed for chicken feed. In 1878, he founded W. Atlee Burpee & Co., the primary focus of which was to sell vegetable, fruit, and flower seeds through the mail. This company would go on to become one of the most notable seed distributors in the United States.

By 1888, Burpee's family home, Fordhook Farms, in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, was established as an experimental farm to test and evaluate new varieties of vegetables and flowers, and to produce seeds. He spent many summers traveling throughout the United States and Europe, visiting farms and searching for the best flowers and vegetables; certain plants he found were shipped to Fordhook Farms for testing. Plants that survived were bred with healthier specimens to produce heartier hybrids that were more resistant to disease. Other trial gardens were established in Lompoc, California and near Swedesboro, New Jersey.

David Burpee took over the family business upon his father's death in 1915. At that time, the Burpee Company had 300 employees and was the largest seed company in the world. It distributed over one million catalogs a year and received 10,000 orders a day. In response to food shortages caused by World War I, the Burpee Company helped promote a "war gardens" campaign that evolved into a "victory gardens" campaign during World War II. Both were aimed at city dwellers and instructed them on how to grow vegetables for their own consumption to aid in the war effort.

In 1947, Burpee merged with W. Henry Maule Co. In 1970, the Burpee Company was sold to General Foods; the corporate headquarters moved from Philadelphia to Warminster, Pennsylvania in 1974. David Burpee remained a consultant until his death in 1981. In 1991, Burpee merged with George J. Ball, Inc.
Separated Materials note:
Seed catalogs can be found in the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History Branch Library Trade Literature Collection.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Agriculture
Business
Contests
Flowers
Gardens--United States
Horticulture
Mail-order business
Seed industry and trade
Trial gardens
Vegetables
Victory gardens
Genre/Form:
Account books--19th century
Account books--20th century
Advertising
Business records
Correspondence
Pamphlets
Trade catalogs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, W. Atlee Burpee & Company Records.
Identifier:
AAG.BRP2
See more items in:
W. Atlee Burpee & Company records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-brp2
Additional Online Media:

Bedman Brothers Company records

view Bedman Brothers Company records digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Bedman Brothers Rahway, New Jersey.
Bedman Brothers.
William Bedman Seed Company. (Rahway, New Jersey)
Owner:
Bedman, Charles
Bedman, Frank
Bedman, James
Bedman, John
Bedman, Joseph
Founder:
Bedman, William
Investor:
Thorburn, James
Names:
Bedman Brothers.
Extent:
8.5 cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1859-1984
Summary:
The Bedman Brothers Company Records collection focuses primarily on the business and financial transactions of Bedman Brothers seed company of Rahway, New Jersey, and includes accounting ledgers, purchase orders, price lists, miscellaneous business and family correspondence, and various brochures, pamphlets and leaflets related to horticultural topics. Other holdings in the collection include World War II ration stamps and two scrapbooks, one of which contains many late nineteenth and early twentieth century chromo-lithographed trade cards (primarily from the sewing, clothing, and floral industries). The other scrapbook holds news clippings from the Civil War period. Some seed gathering equipment used by field workers rounds out the collection.
Historical note:
The William Bedman Seed Company of Rahway, New Jersey was established in 1843 by William Bedman with the support of James Thorburn, a Manhattan seed purveyor. The firm, later called Bedman Brothers, was principally a wholesale mail order seed company that sold to consumer-end seed houses such as Vicks, W. Atlee Burpee, and George J. Ball. Bedman Brothers became known for its production of salvias (sage), including the development of 'Bonfire' or Clara Bedman sage variety. The company continued after William Bedman's tenure under the leadership of his sons Charles, James and John. The business ended after the death of Joseph Bedman, William's grandson, in 1962.
Separated Materials note:
Assorted nursery and trade catalogs and price lists from the Bedman Brothers records were transferred to the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History Library, Horticulture Trade Catalogs Collection.
Provenance:
Donated to the Smithsonian Office of Horticulture (later Horticulture Services Division) in 1984 by Gladys and Florence Whitehead, great-granddaughters of William Bedman.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Flowers
Horticulture
Mail-order business
Salvia
Seed industry and trade
Seeds--Processing--Equipment and Supplies
Genre/Form:
Account books--19th century
Account books--20th century
Administrative records
Artifacts
Brochures
Clippings
Correspondence
Leaflets
Ledgers (account books)
Negatives
Pamphlets
Photographs
Price lists
Purchase orders
Scrapbooks
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Bedman Brothers Company Records.
Identifier:
AAG.BDB
See more items in:
Bedman Brothers Company records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-bdb

Lewis & Valentine company records

view Lewis & Valentine company records digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Lewis & Valentine Company.
Donor:
Lewis, Hewlett Withington
Names:
Lewis & Valentine Company.
Lewis & Valentine Nurseries, Inc.
Longwood Gardens (Kennett Square, Pa.).
Rodin Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.).
Lewis, Harold Carman
Owner:
Auchincloss, Hugh D.
Chrysler, Walter P. (Walter Percy), 1909-
Kahn, Otto Hermann, 1867-1934
Schwab, Charles M., 1862-1939
Stotesbury, Edward T.
Woolworth, F. W.
du Pont, Eugene
du Pont, Pierre S.
Extent:
2.5 cubic feet (documents, 366 photographs, 1 videotape.)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
New York (State)--Greenvale
New York (State)--Roslyn
Date:
1916-1971
Summary:
The Lewis & Valentine Company Collection contains records of the Lewis & Valentine Company dating from 1916 to 1971 including photographs, negatives, brochures, books, trade catalogs, company papers, letters from clients, customer lists and a history of the company written by Harold Carman Lewis. Photographs document the Rodin Museum in Philadelphia, estates in Long Island, New York, and the properties of Hugh D. Auchincloss, Eugene du Pont, Walter P. Chrysler, Otto H. Kahn, F. W. Woolworth, Pierre S. du Pont (Longwood Gardens), Charles M. Schwab and Edward T. Stotesbury. This collection contains only a sampling of the records of Lewis & Valentine and should not be considered comprehensive.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into 3 series:

Series 1: Documents Series 2: Photographs Series 3: Videotape
Biographical/Historical note:
Specializing in moving and replanting large trees, Lewis & Valentine was one of the most prominent landscape contracting companies in the eastern United States during the first half of the twentieth century. The Lewis & Valentine Company was formed by five brothers whose father had hoped that his sons would grow up to be lawyers. Instead, the Lewis brothers formed a landscape design, installation and nursery firm that specialized in developing "successful methods for transplanting full-grown trees." Their success was based on "doing well the task which is usually considered impossible."

The company was the inspiration of H.C. Lewis, the oldest of seven brothers, who believed that estate owners should have the luxury of immediate landscapes, rather than waiting decades for their landscapes to mature. The Lewis brothers started their business in the early 1900s. Shortly afterwards, a Mr. Valentine, roommate of Albert Addison Lewis at the Amherst Landscape School in Massachusetts, invested in the business. After three years Mr. Valentine moved on and the Lewis brothers bought back his interest, but continued to keep Valentine part of the company's name.

Lewis & Valentine was the largest firm in America devoted to transplainting mature trees in the years leading up to the Great Depression. It claimed to be "the most experienced and most versatile, backed by an intimate knowledge of horticulture and the development of fine estates." The company was noted as a leader in providing complete landscape services, from selling and guaranteeing the plants, to designing and installation, requiring that its staff be men "of good character and not afraid of hard work." This was evident in the firm's principle of no limitations to the size of trees that they were willing to deliver. The trees were often full-grown and ranged in age from twenty to a hundred years old. Many were so large that 20 or more tons of earth had to be moved during the relocation process.

During its first 25 years in business, Lewis & Valentine opened nineteen offices east of the Mississippi serving such notable clients as Charles A. Schwab and Pierre du Pont at his estate, Longwood. The business was set up as an organization of independent companies. Each was incorporated under the laws of the state in which it operated. The offices were located in Connecticut (Darien), Florida (Palm Beach), Illinois (Chicago), Maryland (Baltimore), Massachusetts (Boston and Hanover), Michigan (Detroit), Pennsylvania (Ardmore and Pittsburg), New Jersey (Ashbury Park and Morristown), New York (Buffalo, Roslyn-Long Island, Rye, Valley Stream-Long Island, New York City), North Carolina (Winston-Salem) and Ohio (Cleveland and Cincinnati). Although no longer owned by any members of the Lewis family, the company still exists and operates in Long Island under the name Lewis & Valentine Nurseries.
Provenance:
Gift from Hewlett Withington Lewis, former owner of Lewis & Valentine Nurseries.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens--New York (State)
Landscape gardening--New York (State)
Nurseries (Horticulture)--United States
Tree moving
Genre/Form:
Books
Brochures
Correspondence
Lists
Photographs
Trade catalogs
Videotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Lewis & Valentine Company Records.
Identifier:
AAG.LVC
See more items in:
Lewis & Valentine company records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-lvc

Captain A. H. McComb Jr. slide collection

view Captain A. H. McComb Jr. slide collection digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
McComb, A. H., Jr., Capt.
Extent:
0.25 cubic feet (230 color slides, 35mm)
Container:
Box 1, Box 2
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Bermuda Islands
Copenhagen (Denmark)
Cuba
England
Germany
Haiti
Jamaica
Panama
Paris (France)
Puerto Rico
Trinidad and Tobago
Virgin Islands of the United States
Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1956-1966
Summary:
The Captain A.H. McComb, Jr. Collection includes approximately 230 35mm slides of public and private gardens and landscapes dating from 1956 to 1966, photographed by Captain A.H. McComb, Jr. at sites in Washington, D.C., Maryland, Virginia, New York, United States Virgin Islands, Argentina, Bermuda, Capri, Cuba, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Haiti, Jamaica, Panama, Puerto Rico, and Tobago.
Scope and Contents note:
The Captain A.H. McComb, Jr. Collection includes approximately 230 35mm slides of public and private gardens and landscapes dating from 1956 to 1966, photographed by Captain A.H. McComb, Jr. at sites in Washington, D.C., Maryland, Virginia, New York, United States Virgin Islands, Argentina, Bermuda, Capri, Cuba, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Haiti, Jamaica, Panama, Puerto Rico, and Tobago. While McComb generally indicated the location and/or plant featured in each image on the corresponding slide mount, the location of sites documented in some of images is unknown. Also included are images of various flowers and plants, some of which are not attributable to a particular site. A typewritten list of image captions keyed to the numbered slides accompanied the donation.
Arrangement note:
Arranged into 2 series:

1. U.S. Gardens 2. Foreign Gardens

The original arrangement, which is maintained, consists of a two-part numbering system based on sequential (and chronological) rolls of film and the slides within each roll. Each roll was numbered sequentially by, presumably, Capt. McComb as were the slides within each roll (e.g. 1-1, 1-2, 1-3, and 7-1, 7-2, 7-3, etc.) with gaps in the numbering sequences representing slides not included in the donation to the Smithsonian.
Biographical/Historical note:
Captain Archibald H. "Bud" McComb, Jr. of Winchester, Virginia, (May 27, 1913-February 8, 2003), was the Chief of International Maritime Safety Coordinating Staff at the United States Coast Guard Headquarters in Washington, D.C and life member of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers.
Provenance:
Captain and Mrs. A.H. McComb donated the collection to the Office of Horticulture in (later Smithsonian Gardens) in 1981.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Flowers
Plants
Travel photography
Trees
Genre/Form:
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Captain A. H. McComb Jr. slide collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCB
See more items in:
Captain A. H. McComb Jr. slide collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-mcb

Maida Babson Adams American garden collection

view Maida Babson Adams American garden collection digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Adams, Molly, 1918-2003
Landscape architect:
Ireys, Alice Recknagel, 1911-2000
Stege, Friede
Weber, Nelva M.
Extent:
Photographic prints : (color ;, 4 x 6 inches.)
Photographic prints : (black and white ;, 8 x 10 inches.)
Photographic prints : (black and white ;, 3 1/2 x 5 inches.)
Negatives : (black & white ;, 4 x 5 inches.)
Film transparencies : (color ;, 4 x 5 inches.)
Contact sheets : (black and white.)
35mm slides (photographs) : (color ;, 2 x 2 inches.)
35mm negatives : (color.)
120mm transparencies : (color ;, 2 x 2 inches.)
120mm negatives : (black and white ;, 2 x 2 inches.)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
circa 1960-1994
Summary:
The Maida Babson Adams American Garden Collection documents the work of Molly Adams, a free-lance garden photographer who photographed hundreds of private and public gardens, many of them in the mid-Atlantic region, from the late 1950s through the mid-1990s. It includes slides, photographic prints, negatives and transparencies. A significant number of images document the work of landscape designers Nelva M. Weber, Alice Recknagel Ireys, and Friede Stege. Roughly 50 gardens do not have an identified location. Some images have captions and other information written on them.
Scope and Contents Note:
The Maida Babson Adams American Gardens Collection includes images of close to 400 gardens photographed by Molly Adams from the 1950s to the 1990s. Although most images document gardens in New Jersey, the collection also includes gardens in Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania. While the vast majority of gardens in the collection are private, there are also some public gardens and venues like the Frelinghuysen Arboretum in New Jersey, the International Flower Show in New York City, and the White House in Washington, D.C. A number of gardens were photographed during organized garden or horticultural tours or annual meetings of the Garden Club of America. A significant number of images document the work of landscape designers Alice Ireys, Nelva Weber, and Friede Stege. Approximately 85 gardens in the collection are unidentified as to their location and/or client. Relatively few images are captioned or dated; Adams often labeled a film envelope or back of a photograph or contact sheet with just a client surname and the designer (if it was Ireys, Weber, or Stege). In some cases, additional information about a garden’s location or owner’s full name was gleaned from the finding aids for the Alice Recknagel Ireys Papers or the Nelva Weber Papers. Some images were accompanied by clippings from newspapers or magazines that featured one or more related images by Adams; most of these clippings date from the 1950s and 1960s. There is also a file of general clippings of Adams’ work; many of these do not identify the garden that is shown.

Most of the images are black and white, though there are a number taken in color. Adams’ contact sheets and photo envelopes were sometimes marked with cropping marks or photo developing notes respectively.
Biographical/Historical note:
Molly (Maida Babson) Adams (1918 - 2003) had a 40+ year career as a nationally recognized free-lance garden and wildlife photographer and conservationist. Her images were published under the name “Molly Adams.” Adams was born in Orange, New Jersey and lived over fifty years in Mendham Township, New Jersey. As a teenager she became interested in photography; she later attended the New York Institute of Photography and became a member of the New York Camera Club.

Her photographs were featured in numerous newspapers and magazines including the “New York Times,” “New York Herald Tribune,” “House Beautiful,” “Horticulture,” “Home Garden,” and “Audubon.” During the Kennedy administration, she photographed the White House Rose Garden; these photographs were later published in “Flower Grower.”

Adams provided hundreds of photographs for “How to Plan and Plant Your Own Property” (1967) by landscape architect Alice Recknagel Ireys and “How to Plan Your Own Home Landscape” (1976) by landscape designer Nelva M. Weber. Her images were also published in books including “The Reader’s Digest Practical Guide to Home Landscaping,” and “The Complete Illustrated Book of Garden Magic.” Adams also occasionally wrote garden-themed articles. A longtime member in the Somerset Hills (NJ) Garden Club, which is part of the Garden Club of America, Adams once served as the latter’s official photographer.

In the 1960’s Adams’ photographs drew attention to conservation issues related to the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge in northwestern New Jersey. These widely publicized photographs rallied public support against the proposed destruction of the Great Swamp for the construction of an airport. Adams was also active as a member of the Mendham Township Environmental Commission and the North Jersey Conservation Foundation. In the 1980’s she was awarded the Buckley Medal of Merit for Horticultural Achievement by the Garden Club of America for her photographs used in the postcard campaign “Save Our Vanishing Wild Flowers.”
Related Archival Materials Note:
The Alice Recknagel Ireys Papers in the Sophia Smith Collection at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts, include photographs by Molly Adams.

The Nelva Weber Papers in the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections at Cornell University Library in Ithaca, New York, likely include photographs by Molly Adams.
Separated Materials Note:
The North Jersey History & Genealogy Center at The Morristown & Morris Township Library in New Jersey has a collection of images by Molly Adams showcasing nature scenes and birds.
Provenance:
Adams' family donated her collection of garden images to the Smithsonian's Archives of American Gardens after her death in 2003.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens--Connecticut
Gardens--Massachusetts
Gardens--New Jersey
Gardens--New York (State)
Gardens--Pennsylvania
Gardens--United States
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Black-and-white photographs
Color negatives
Color photographs
Contact sheets
Film transparencies
Negatives
Photographic prints
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Maida Babson Adams American garden collection.
Identifier:
AAG.ADM
See more items in:
Maida Babson Adams American garden collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-adm

Ken Druse garden photography collection

view Ken Druse garden photography collection digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Druse, Kenneth
Extent:
20.5 cubic feet (Approximately 45,000 images: 35,000 transparencies + 10,000 35mm slides.)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1978-2005
Summary:
The Ken Druse Garden Photography Collection contains approximately 45,000 film transparency and 35mm slide images, dating from 1978 to 2005, of gardens, garden features, and flora photographed by garden writer and photographer Ken Druse. The photographic images document numerous private and public gardens throughout the United States and a few in Canada. Many have appeared in Druse’s own books and articles as well as those by other writers. Approximately half of the collection is arranged according to specific garden, the other half by garden feature. A small portion of the collection consists of slide lectures given by Druse. Some images are identified with general captions and dates. Images documenting specific gardens are sometimes accompanied by handwritten notes, garden descriptions, and articles. Annotations appearing on certain images indicate the publication in which they appeared. The collection includes ‘outtakes’ or bracketed images that give insight into Druse’s photo shooting process.
Biographical Note:
Ken Druse is a garden photographer and author of over a dozen books and numerous newspaper and magazine articles on garden-related topics. His images appear in his own books and articles as well as those by other writers. He received the Sarah Chapman Francis Medal for Literary Achievement from the Garden Club of America in 2004 for his garden writing. He highlights the work of numerous gardeners, garden designers, and horticulture experts on his website and podcast.

Druse's books include Making More Plants: The Science, Art, and Joy of Propagation; Planthropology: The Myths, Mysteries, and Miracles of My Garden Favorites; The Collector's Garden: Designing with Extraordinary Plants; and The Passion for Gardening: Inspiration for a Lifetime.
Provenance:
Ken Druse donated his collection of garden transparencies and slides to the Archives of American Gardens in 2013.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens--Canada
Gardens--United States
Genre/Form:
Articles
Notes
Slides (photographs)
Transparencies--20th century
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Ken Druse garden photography collection
Identifier:
AAG.DRU
See more items in:
Ken Druse garden photography collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-dru

Historic Gardens Postcard collection

view Historic Gardens Postcard collection digital asset: Finding aid
Names:
Smithsonian Institution.
United States Capitol. (Washington, D.C.)
Extent:
200 postcards (black and white, color ;)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
White House (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
circa 1905-1947
Summary:
The Historic Gardens Postcard Collection includes 200 postcards of historic views of various public gardens, parks, monuments, and buildings throughout the United States and some foreign countries, including Canada, France and Cuba. Some private gardens and estates and many Washington, D.C. attractions are also represented. Roughly half of the postcards were mailed; the remaining postcards were not written on or posted. Areas represented include Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas and Virginia. Foreign views show gardens in Havana, Paris, and Canada. About a dozen cards feature various views of Smithsonian Institution museums along the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
Arrangement note:
This collection is unprocessed.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Buildings
Gardens--Canada
Gardens--Cuba
Gardens--France
Gardens--United States
Historic sites
Monuments
Parks
Washington Monument (Washington, D.C.)--1900-1910
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Historic gardens postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.HGP
See more items in:
Historic Gardens Postcard collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-hgp

Corliss Knapp Engle slide collection

view Corliss Knapp Engle slide collection digital asset: Finding aid
Creator:
Engle, Corliss Knapp
Extent:
1.5 cubic feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1969-2001
Summary:
The Corliss Knapp Engle slide collection contains 35mm slides of gardens, garden features, flower shows, and flora photographed by Corliss Engle, a self-taught photographer and horticulturalist. Much of the collection is comprised of photographic documentation of numerous private and public gardens that she visited throughout the United States. Of particular note are images of Engle's own garden in Brookline, Massachusetts, spanning three decades; they provide excellent insight into the development and evolution of a garden over time. Portions of the collection highlight Engle's involvement with the Garden Club of America and the GCA's Garden History and Design Committee. The collection also includes various notes, lecture scripts, brochures, programs and articles on garden and plant-related themes generated or compiled by Corliss Knapp Engle.
Biographical/Historical note:
Corliss Knapp Engle (1936-2009), born in Flushing, New York, was a passionate horticulturalist who was closely involved with numerous groups and initiatives relating to horticulture and gardens. As a resident of Brookline, Massachusetts, she was actively involved in the Chestnut Hill Garden Club and the Tree Planting Committee of the Town of Brookline. Corliss Engle was also involved, in varying capacities, in the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, and the Garden Club of America (GCA). She was a trustee for both the Massachusetts Horticultural Society and the New England Wild Flower Society. Engle was a recipient of a GCA Achievement Award and four GCA Beattie Medals. The Begonia Society honored her by naming a begonia in her name. As a self-taught photographer she was instrumental in developing a photography program for the Garden Club of America and was particularly involved with the GCA's Garden History and Design Committee which is instrumental in the documentation of gardens for the Garden Club of America Collection at the Archives of American Gardens. Engle's writings and photographs were published in local and national publications including the Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts' publication, "Mayflower," and the "White House History" journal.
General note:
Collection has been processed.
Related Archival Materials note:
Slide images of various plants photographed by Corliss Engle are located at The Massachusetts Horticultural Society.

Images of the Arnold Arboretum photographed by Corliss Engle including those featured in a 2006 exhibition, The Arnold Arboretum Captured in Time: 1982-1987, are located at the Horticulture LIbrary at the Arnold Arboretum in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts.
Separated Materials note:
Slide images of various Garden Club of America meetings and events photographed by Corliss Engle are located at the Garden Club of America in New York, New York.
Provenance:
A representative of the Chestnut Hill (Mass.) Garden Club donated the collection on the club’s behalf to the Archives of American Gardens in May 2013.
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens--California
Gardens--Connecticut
Gardens--Maryland
Gardens--Massachusetts
Gardens--New Jersey
Gardens--New York
Gardens--Pennsylvania
Gardens--Rhode Island
Gardens--United States
Genre/Form:
Brochures
Ephemera
Maps
Notes
Pamphlets
Programs
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, [Collection title]
Identifier:
AAG.CKE
See more items in:
Corliss Knapp Engle slide collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-cke

Starr Ockenga Collection, 1995-2001

Photographer:
Ockenga, Starr
Physical description:
5.5 cubic ft.: photographic images; garden files
Type:
Transparencies
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Black-and-white negatives
Plans (drawings)
Correspondence
Notes
Questionnaires
Compact discs
Diskettes
Place:
United States
Alabama
California
Connecticut
Georgia
Illinois
Iowa
Louisiana
Maine
Massachusetts
Michigan
Missouri
New Jersey
New York
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Wisconsin
Washington (State)
Date:
1995
1995-2001
Notes:
Starr Ockenga is a writer, photographer, and lecturer. Her photographs have been exhibited in museums and galleries and are included in both public and private collections. Her images and writings have appeared in numerous publications including Life, Esquire, Camera, and Horticulture. She is the author of several books including 'Earth on Her Hands: The American Woman in Her Garden,' 'Eden on Their Minds: American Gardeners with Bold Visions,' and 'Amaryllis.' 'Earth on Her Hands' received the American Horticultural Society's Annual Book Award in 1999. Ockenga received her Master's degree in photography from the Rhode Island School of Design and has been awarded fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts and the Massachusetts Artists Foundation. She is a former associate professor of photography at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her studio is located in New York City.
Summary:
The Starr Ockenga Collection includes photographic images, notes, correspondence, questionnaires, garden plans, planting lists, releases and drafts generated or compiled by Ockenga for the writing and illlustrating of her books, 'Earth on Her Hands: The American Woman in Her Garden' and 'Eden on Their Minds: American Gardeners with Bold Visions.' Both books consist of several individual chapters, each describing a garden owner and their garden and featuring a portrait of the garden owner in their garden. The nearly 40 gardens documented in the collection are located across the United States. In addition to the hundreds of images published in 'Eden' and 'Earth,' the Ockenga Collection includes thousands of additional images that, together with the research notes and garden descriptions in the books, provide a rich source of documentation. A number of the images show panoramic garden views.
Publications:
'Earth on Her Hands: The American Woman in Her Garden' by Starr Ockenga. / New York: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., 1998
'Eden on Their Minds: American Gardeners with Bold Visions' by Starr Ockenga. / New York: Clarkson Potter, 2001
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Starr Ockenga Collection
Topic:
Landscape gardening
Gardens
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_370977

Mary Riley Smith Records, 1986-2013

Garden designer:
Smith, Mary Riley
Mary Riley Smith Garden Design Inc.
Physical description:
6.75 cubic ft.: design records; plans and drawings
Type:
Plans (drawings)
Collection descriptions
Correspondence
Notes
Invoices
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Negatives
CD-ROMs
Clippings
Place:
United States
New York
Connecticut
New Jersey
Date:
1986
1986-2013
Notes:
Garden designer Mary Riley Smith grew up in a family of gardeners and developed an affinity for gardens at an early age. After studying horticulture and garden design at the New York Botanical Garden she began her own landscape design firm, Mary Riley Smith Garden Design Inc., in the early 1990s. During her professional career Smith designed and implemented several types of gardens, though the majority were private and residential. Her projects are located in Manhattan, the greater New York area, Long Island, and Connecticut. The private gardens are found in a variety of settings including urban, suburban, and rural. In addition to private gardens, Smith designed and coordinated the installation of sidewalk, terrace, and courtyard gardens for a number of co-op buildings in Manhattan. Smith designed a number of public gardens and spaces including planting beds at the Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum in Manhattan where she undertook design work and supervised installation for twenty years. She also worked in Manhattan on other public, corporate, college, religious institution, and social club gardens. Smith collaborated with landscape architects Donna Gutkin and Alessandra Galletti on some of her garden designs. She worked with numerous contractors and other individuals to complete her projects. Throughout her decades-long career, she designed and completed more than 80 projects. In addition to her work as a landscape designer, Smith has also written and lectured on the subject. Her book, The Front Garden: New Approaches to Landscape Design, was published in 1992. She has written articles for various periodicals including Garden Design, Countryside, BBG Garden Record, and Long Island Monthly. Smith has taught and lectured on the subject of garden design to various gardening and horticultural groups at the Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum and New York Botanical Garden. Smith's garden designs, including her own, have been featured in Traditional Home, Better Homes and Gardens, House Beautiful, The New Yorker, and Garden Design.
Summary:
The Mary Riley Smith Records document the decades-long career of Manhattan-based garden designer, writer, and lecturer Mary Riley Smith. It includes drawings, plans, planting lists, notes, correspondence, invoices, estimates, 35 mm slides, negatives, photographs, digital files on CDs, and other materials relating to many of Smith's garden design projects, dating from 1986-2013. The bulk of Smith's projects were private, residential gardens of all sizes in urban, suburban, and rural areas in Manhattan, Long Island, and Connecticut. One such project included in the collection is Smith's own garden that she designed for her home on Long Island, New York. Other projects Smith worked on include gardens for apartment buildings, libraries, colleges, religious institutions, and social clubs. Her public commissions include the Battery Park entrance gardens, Lincoln Square Business Improvement District, Rockefeller Center, and Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, all in Manhattan. A significant portion of the materials are textual in nature; the remainder are drawings and plans, many of which are oversized. The client files document design decisions made between Smith and her clients. The collection records the collaborative work between Smith, landscape architects, contractors, and other individuals who helped build the gardens. These materials detail the process of planning the garden, outlining the work to be done, establishing a budget, providing estimates, and setting a schedule to complete the work. While the bulk of the materials relate to Smith's design projects, the collection also contains materials from her professional practice. These include clipping files, 35mm slides, photographs, drawings, plans, and notes from lectures and presentations given by Smith. Also included are two copies of Smith's book that was published in 1991, The Front Garden: New Approaches to Landscape Design.
Publications:
The Front Garden: New Approaches to Landscape Design. / Houghton Mifflin, Boston, Massachusetts, 1991
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Mary Riley Smith Records
Topic:
Gardens
Landscape gardening
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_370976

Malcolm Howard Dill slide collection, 1929-1931

Landscape architect:
Dill, Malcolm
Provenance:
Garden Club of America
Physical description:
.1 cubic ft
16 35mm slides
Type:
Plans (drawings)
Collection descriptions
Photographs
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Ohio
Indiana
Date:
1929
1929-1931
Notes:
Malcolm Howard Dill graduated from Harvard's School of Landscape Architecture in 1920. After establishing a private practice, he did community planning and city planning and later went on to work for the Tennessee Valley Authority's Norris Dam project in the 1930s.
Summary:
The Malcolm Howard Dill Collection contains 16 35mm slide reproductions of photographs of and design plans for private and community projects in Ohio and Indiana by the landscape architect, Malcolm Howard Dill.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Malcolm Howard Dill slide collection
Topic:
Landscape architecture
Landscape
Gardens
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287198

Florentine Craftsmen records, 1921-1976

Creator:
Florentine Craftsmen
Subject:
Florentine Craftsmen
Physical description:
2 cubic ft
Approximately 82 items
Type:
Brochures
Collection descriptions
Catalogs
Fliers (printed matter)
Photographs
Date:
1921
1921-1976
Notes:
Florentine Craftsmen was established in New York City in 1915 as a manufacturer of hand-crafted garden statuary and ornaments, fountains, outdoor furniture, planters and other garden items. According to company literature, the product line was based on original designs and molds developed by Florentine Craftsmen founder Vincent Primavera, an Italian émigré and artisan. Acquired by Kenneth Lynch & Sons, Inc. in 2011, Florentine Craftsmen continues to put out different product lines of garden furnishings and ornaments.
Summary:
The Florentine Craftsman Collection contains trade literature and photographic images compiled by the Florentine Craftsmen firm of Long Island City, New York, dating from 1921 to 1976. Most of the manufacturers' literature--including catalogs, flyers, and brochures--deals with outdoor furniture and ornaments, iron work fixtures, and railings. Some of the materials relate specifically to product lines by Florentine Craftsmen, though most illustrate the work of other manufacturers of outdoor furnishings.
Topic:
Garden ornaments and furniture
Garden structures
Plant containers
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287153

Garden Club of America collection, circa 1920-[on-going]

Creator:
Garden Club of America
Subject:
New York Flower Show
Physical description:
3,479 lantern slides
37,000 35mm slides
33 linear feet (garden files)
Type:
Articles
Collection descriptions
Brochures
Clippings
Correspondence
Lantern slides
Plans (drawings)
Slides (photographs)
Place:
United States
Mexico
France
Japan
England
Spain
Italy
Scotland
Date:
1920
circa 1920-on-going
Notes:
The Garden Club of America was established in 1913 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when the Garden Club of Philadelphia and eleven other garden clubs met to create a national garden club. Its purpose is to foster the knowledge and love of gardening and to restore and protect the quality of the environment through educational programs and gardening and conservation efforts. The GCA was incorporated in Delaware in 1923, with its headquarters established in New York City. Today, local clubs are organized under twelve regional zones. The GCA continues its tradition of hosting flower shows and publishing material related to gardening in the United States.
The GCA's glass lantern slides were used by the GCA for presentations and lectures about notable gardens throughout the United States dating back to colonial times. An effort was made in the late 1980s, in preparation of the 75th anniversary of the Garden Club of America's founding, to collect the disbursed slides. These slides were to eventually form the GCA's Slide Library of Notable American Parks and Gardens. The informational value of this collection is extensive since a number of images of the more than 4,500 gardens represented show garden designs that have changed over time or no longer exist. While the majority of images document a range of designed upper and upper-middle class gardens throughout the U.S., the scope of the collection is expanding as volunteers photograph and document contemporary gardens including community and vernacular gardens.
The gardens illustrate the design work of dozens of landscape architects including Marian Coffin, Beatrix Farrand, Lawrence Halprin, Hare & Hare, Umberto Innocenti, Gertrude Jekyll, Jens Jensen, Warren Manning, the Olmsted Brothers, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Because of their proximity to the gardens, works of notable architects and sculptors may also be featured in the images.
Summary:
This collection contains over 37,000 35mm slides, 3,479 glass lantern slides and a small number of landscape architectural plans and drawings, all of which document the history of American gardens and landscapes. Garden files were compiled by Garden Club of America (GCA) members for most of the gardens included in the collection. These files may include information sheets, photocopied articles (from journals, newspapers, or books), planting lists, correspondence, brochures and other notes. Some gardens have been photographed over the course of several decades; others only have images from a single point in time. In addition to images of American gardens, there are glass lantern slides of the New York Flower Show (1941-1951) and trips that GCA members took to other countries, including Mexico (1937), Italy, Spain, Japan (1935), France (1936), England (1929), and Scotland.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Garden Club of America collection
Topic:
Flower shows
Gardens
Gardening--Societies, etc
Landscape architecture
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_179208

John Hiller lantern slide collection, circa 1920-1930

Provenance:
Hiller, John
Physical description:
.75 cubic ft
216 lantern slides, autochrome : color ; 3.25 x 4 inches
Type:
Lantern slides
Collection descriptions
Autochromes (photographs)
Place:
Europe
Date:
1920
1920-1930
circa 1920-1930
Summary:
The John Hiller Lantern Slide Collection contains 216 glass autochromes dated circa 1920-1930 documenting homes and gardens, house interiors, scenes from domestic and foreign travel, flower arrangements, and people in Europe and unidentified locations.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, John Hiller lantern slide collection
Topic:
Flower arrangement
Gardens
Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_270825

American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Company architectural drawings collection, 1923-1964

Creator:
American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Co
Provenance:
American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Co
John C. Moninger Company
Physical description:
8 cubic ft
306 architectural drawings
Type:
Plans (drawings)
Collection descriptions
Date:
1923
1923-1964
Notes:
The American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Company designed and manufactured greenhouses, conservatories, solariums and other structures for clients throughout the United States. The John C. Moninger Co. of Chicago, which formed around 1870, merged with the American Greenhouse Manufacturing Co. sometime between 1928 and 1931 to form the American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Company. The company was located at 1820 Flushing Avenue in Brooklyn, New York with sales offices in Chicago, Illinois; Cleveland, Ohio; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; and Amityville, New York. The firm apparently had field representatives in various locations; E.T. Orcutt is listed as 'Representative, East Orange, New Jersey' in the American-Moninger title block of one plan. The firm sometimes listed the initials of the designer or draftsman in the title block. Architectural firms that American-Moninger collaborated with are sometimes indicated on the title block of the plans.
Summary:
The American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Corporation Collection includes 306 architectural plans and drawings of greenhouses, solariums, conservatories, garages, and other structures designed by American-Moninger for clients throughout the United States dating from 1923 to 1964. Many of the plans were generated for private clients, though there are several greenhouses for nurseries and florists and some for universities, parks, and public entities like the Merck Company in Rahway, New Jersey and the Veterans Administration Center in Biloxi, Mississippi. The majority of the plans were made for clients located on the East Coast of the United States; there are also projects in California, Michigan, Illinois, Ohio, West Virginia, Mississippi, New Mexico and Texas. Most of the jobs in the collection include just a single plan, though it is apparent from the firm's plan numbering system that some jobs could be quite extensive with numerous plans generated. Most of the plans and drawings bear a title block by American-Moninger with the client name, city, and date. The majority of plans are on tracing paper, though there are also some reprographic prints and drawings on tracing cloth. Few plans indicate the actual street address of the project. Most of the drawings indicate sections and elevations, though there are some plan views and a small number of perspective drawings showing a completed structure. None of the plans indicate whether the structure was built or not.
Cite as:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, American-Moninger Greenhouse Manufacturing Company Architectural Drawings Collection
Topic:
Greenhouses
Conservatories
Sunspaces
Garages
Restrictions:
Access to original plans and drawings by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_287158

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