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Louis Prang papers, 1848-1932

Creator:
Prang, Louis, 1824-1909  Search this
Subject:
Cook, Clarence  Search this
Christopher, E. Wrightson  Search this
Whittier, John Greenleaf  Search this
L. Prang & Co  Search this
Prang & Meyer  Search this
Topic:
Greeting cards  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Chromolithography  Search this
Lithography  Search this
Lithographers  Search this
Typescripts  Search this
Lectures  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9709
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211965
AAA_collcode_pranloui
Theme:
Art Materials, Techniques, and Studio Art Education
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211965
Additional Online Media:

Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang, 1860-1978

Creator:
Sittig, Mary Margaret  Search this
Subject:
Thiel, Philip  Search this
Prang, Louis  Search this
Heinzen, Rosa Prang  Search this
L. Prang & Co  Search this
Topic:
Watercolors  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Drawings  Search this
Chromolithography  Search this
Prints  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Lithography  Search this
Etchings  Search this
Lithographers  Search this
Art historians  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5970
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)227984
AAA_collcode_sittmary
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_227984
Additional Online Media:

Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang

Creator:
Sittig, Mary Margaret  Search this
Names:
L. Prang & Co.  Search this
Heinzen, Rosa Prang  Search this
Prang, Louis, 1824-1909  Search this
Extent:
3.5 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Watercolors
Prints
Etchings
Paintings
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
1860-1978
Summary:
Art historian Mary Margaret Sittig's research material on Louis Prang dates from 1860 to 1978 and measures 3.5 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material for Louis Prang and for Mary Margaret Sittig, collected letters from various members of the Prang family, and scattered letters to Sittig from friends. Additional collected research materials include scattered personal business records for Louis Prang and his wife, notes and writings, art work, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
Art historian Mary Margaret Sittig's research material on Louis Prang dates from 1860 to 1978 and measures 3.5 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material for Louis Prang and for Mary Margaret Sittig, collected letters from various members of the Prang family, and scattered letters to Sittig from friends. Additional collected research materials include scattered personal business records for Louis Prang and his wife, notes and writings, art work, printed material, and photographs.

Biographical material concerning Louis Prang includes a record book and genealogy listing Prang family members, ephemera, and scattered family papers. Biographical material concerning Mary Margaret Sittig includes resumes, a photograph of Sitting, and scattered ephemera. Letters primarily consist of scattered communications between miscellaneous Prang family members, and a few business-related letters. Letters to Mary Margaret Sittig are primarily from friends and discuss her research activities. Personal business records consist of an account book for Louis Prang's wife, Rosa, and miscellaneous receipts for Louis Prang.

Notes and writings primarily consist of photocopies of research material on Louis Prang collected by Mary Margaret Sittig and include a typescript of her thesis L. Prang and Company, Fine Art Publishers. Art work consists of ink drawings, watercolor sketches, an etching, a block print, and an oil painting on fabric.

Printed material concerning Louis Prang includes clippings, commercial lithographs of book illustrations, chromolithographs of ceramics from the Walters Collection, and printed reproductions of work by others.

Photographs are of Louis Prang, his wives Rosa Prang and Mary Dana Hicks Prang, miscellaneous Prang family members, and of scattered art work. There is also the Prang Family Photograph Album that contains annotations, but no photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1881-1973 (Box 1; 10 folders)

Series 2: Letters, 1864-1974 (Box 1; 23 folders)

Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1875-1917 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 4: Notes and Writings, 1890-1978 (Box 1; 16 folders)

Series 5: Art Work, circa 1880 (Box 1; 9 folders)

Series 6: Printed Material, 1866-1972 (Box 1-8; 2.5 linear feet)

Series 7: Photographs, 1860-1957 (Box 3, 7; 6 folders)
Biographical Note:
Mary Margaret Sittig was a doctoral student at George Washington University in Washington D.C. working on a dissertation about the life and work of Boston lithographer Louis Prang (1824-1909), often referred to as the "father of the American Christmas card." Sittig completed her Master's theses L. Prang and Company, Fine Art Publishers in 1970, but died before completing her doctoral dissertation.

In 1864, Prang visited Europe to study the latest techniques in German lithography. He returned to Boston to create high quality reproductions of major works of art using a lithographic process he called "chromos." In 1874, he began producing greeting cards for the popular market in England and began selling the Christmas card in the United States the next year. Also in 1874, Prang began publishing books for drawing and elementary art study for public schools. This latter activity proved so successful that he formed the Prang Educational Company in 1882.
Related Material:
The Archives also holds the Louis Prang papers, 1848-1932.
Provenance:
The papers were donated by Mary Margaret Sittig's brother James C. Sittig in 2001, in memory of Charlotte, Edgar, and Mary Sittig.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang is owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Lithographers  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Chromolithography  Search this
Art historians -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Lithography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Watercolors
Prints
Etchings
Paintings
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang, 1860-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.sittmary
See more items in:
Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-sittmary

American Artists Group records, 1934-1965

Creator:
American Artists Group  Search this
Subject:
Grant, Gordon  Search this
Smith, Bissell Phelps  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Pajaud, William E.  Search this
Bakós, Józef  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Helik, Peter  Search this
Prentiss, Tina  Search this
Gaige, Richard  Search this
Sawyer, Helen  Search this
Rogers, John  Search this
Dwight, Mabel  Search this
Walker, Maynard  Search this
Lahey, Richard  Search this
Barker, Ken  Search this
Dubois, Yvonne Pène  Search this
Detwiller, Fred  Search this
Sternberg, Harry  Search this
Bohrod, Aaron  Search this
Pellew, John C.  Search this
Bolton, Clarence  Search this
Reynard, Grant T.  Search this
Botke, Cornelius  Search this
Santo, Patsy  Search this
Neville, Vera  Search this
Schreiber, Georges  Search this
Newcombe, Warren  Search this
Markham, Kyra  Search this
Klitgaard, Georgina  Search this
Eby, Kerr  Search this
Neufeld, Woldemar  Search this
Mays, Maxwell  Search this
Soderberg, Ynve Edward  Search this
Anderson, C. W. (Clarence William),  Search this
Golden, Samuel  Search this
Wiggins, Guy C. (Guy Carleton)  Search this
Ross, Sanford  Search this
Shevis, William  Search this
Johnstone, Ralph Wilbur  Search this
Babcock, R. Fayerweather  Search this
Poray, Stan  Search this
Wengenroth, Stow  Search this
Petroff, Gilmer  Search this
Kotula, Jo  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Sample, Paul Starrett  Search this
Cosgrave, John O'Hara  Search this
Harmon, Jim  Search this
Ulreich, Nura Woodson  Search this
Kleiber, Hans  Search this
Nesbitt, Alexander  Search this
Shane, Fred  Search this
Luneau, Omer Joachim  Search this
Ruzicka, Rudolph  Search this
Orozco, José Clemente  Search this
Komroff, Manuel  Search this
Rönnebeck, Arnold H.  Search this
Morris, Dudley  Search this
Lenski, Lois  Search this
Sharp, John  Search this
Gordon, Witold  Search this
Bemelmans, Ludwig  Search this
Curry, John Steuart  Search this
Kloss, Gene  Search this
Pike, John  Search this
Whorf, John  Search this
Kent, Norman  Search this
Hunt, Peter  Search this
Kuehne, Max  Search this
Plummer, Virginia  Search this
Duvoisin, Roger  Search this
Ganso, Emil  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton  Search this
Rosenberg, James N. (James Naumburg)  Search this
Woodward, Stanley Wingate  Search this
Botke, Jessie Arms  Search this
Grant, Vernon  Search this
Hatfield, Dalzell  Search this
Jacobs, Elmer  Search this
Pescheret, Leon Rene  Search this
Woiceske, Ronau William  Search this
Lederer, Wolfgang  Search this
Kent, Rockwell  Search this
Naegele, Thomas  Search this
Roland, Conrad  Search this
Wickey, Harry  Search this
Sinclair, Gerrit Van W.  Search this
Funk, Tom  Search this
Freeman, Don  Search this
Karasz, Ilonka  Search this
Rose, Ruth Starr  Search this
Latham, Barbara  Search this
Vorst, Joseph Paul  Search this
Slotnick, Mortimer H.  Search this
Landon, Edward August  Search this
Shokler, Harry  Search this
Kronengold, Adolph  Search this
Ahgupuk, George Aden  Search this
Davis, Gladys Rockmore  Search this
Enright, Walter J. (Walter Joseph),  Search this
Wheelock, Warren  Search this
Golinkin, Joseph W. (Joseph Webster),  Search this
Sheets, Millard Owen  Search this
Luce, C. A.  Search this
Nicolett, Frank L.  Search this
King, Nettie  Search this
Landacre, Paul  Search this
Pennoyer, A. Sheldon (Albert Sheldon),  Search this
Pitz, Henry Clarence  Search this
Loeffler, Gisella  Search this
Prestopino, Gregorio  Search this
Paull, Grace  Search this
Rees, Rosalie  Search this
Denison, Harold  Search this
Shepler, Dwight  Search this
Rosenthal, Doris Patty  Search this
Dows, Olin  Search this
Nordmark, Olle  Search this
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Schaldach, William Joseph  Search this
Fitzpatrick, Daniel Robert  Search this
Nason, Thomas W. (Thomas Willoughby)  Search this
Bailey, Merrill A.  Search this
Nichols, Dale  Search this
Warneke, Heinz (Heinrich)  Search this
Laughlin, Margaret  Search this
Kantor, Martha Ryther  Search this
Bye, Ranulph  Search this
Nichols, Hobart  Search this
Lewicki, James  Search this
Ruellan, Andrée  Search this
Avery, Ralph Hillyer  Search this
Buff, Conrad  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Shelton, Alphonse Joseph  Search this
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel)  Search this
Boyd, Fiske  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Wiggins, Myra Albert  Search this
Thieme, Anthony  Search this
Newton, Edith Whittlesey  Search this
Behncke, Nile Jurgen  Search this
Huntley, Victoria Hutson  Search this
Wilson, Edward Arthur  Search this
Topic:
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Art  Search this
Greeting cards  Search this
Christmas cards  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6979
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209108
AAA_collcode_amerartg
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209108

Louis Prang papers

Creator:
Prang, Louis, 1824-1909  Search this
Names:
L. Prang & Co.  Search this
Prang & Meyer  Search this
Christopher, E. Wrightson, 1894-  Search this
Cook, Clarence, 1828-1900  Search this
Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Drawings
Photographs
Lectures
Typescripts
Date:
1848-1932
Summary:
The papers of lithographer Louis Prang date from 1848 to 1932 and measure 1.2 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, writings, art work, card samples, printed material, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of lithographer Louis Prang date from 1848 to 1932 and measure 1.2 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical material, writings, art work, card samples, printed material, and photographs.

Biographical material includes a Prussian arrest warrant for Prang, a passport, a receipt for household purchases, patent and membership certificates, and a photocopy of a letter from John Greenleaf Whittier.

Writings are primarily typescripts of lectures by Prang and a typescript "Lithographic Process Used by Louis Prang" by the donor, E. Wrightson Christopher, and a hand-written page concerning a card design competition by Clarence Cook.

Art work consists of a pencil drawing executed by Prang, possibly as a school assignment. Printed material consists of a book of color separation proofs, a sales book of samples of Prang's products, and catalogs for Easter and Valentine cards. Photographs are of Prang, family members, his residence, events, and colleagues.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1852-1906 (Box 1-2, OV 5; 8 folders)

Series 2: Writings, 1880-1898 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 3: Art Work, circa 1848 (Box 2; 1 folder)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1873-1889 (Box 1-4; 0.7 linear feet)

Series 5: Photographs, 1874-1932 (Box 1-2, OV 5; 8 folders)
Biographical Note:
Louis Prang (1824-1909) of Boston, Massachusetts, was a lithographer and wood engraver, famous for his chromolithographic reproductions of major works of art as well as for a series of publications used for art education in public schools. Because his company was first to make commercially printed greeting cards available to the public, Prang is often referred to as the "father of the American Christmas Card."

Louis Prang was born on March 12, 1824 in Breslau in what is now Poland. He was the only son among the seven children of a French Huguenot father Jonas Louis Prang and a German mother, Rosina Silverman. Louis Prang learned to dye and print calico as an apprentice in his father's shop. After traveling as a journeyman in Europe, he became involved in revolutionary activity against the Prussian government in 1848. Prang went to Switzerland, emigrated to the United States and settled in Boston in 1850, marrying Rosa Gerber in the following year.

Between 1848 and 1856, Prang supported himself by making wood engravings to illustrate various publications. In 1856, he joined with Julius Mayer and formed the partnership of Prang and Mayer, lithographic and copper plate manufacturers. The business continued until 1860 when Prang became sole owner, changing the name to L. Prang and Co. The firm printed business cards, announcements and other forms of ephemera and soon branched into the production of maps of Civil War sites and novelty items including albums and sets of picture cards decorated with a wide variety of images that became popular collectibles.

In 1864, Prang visited Europe to study the latest techniques in German lithography. He returned to Boston to create high quality reproductions of major works of art using a lithographic process he called "chromos." In 1874, he began producing greeting cards for the popular market in England and began selling the Christmas card in the United States the next year, resulting in his being called the "father of the American Christmas card." Also in 1874, Prang began publishing books for drawing and elementary art study for public schools. This latter activity proved so successful that he formed the Prang Educational Company in 1882. During this time, Prang shared his residence and his work with the family of his son-in-law, lithographer Karl K. Heinzen, who married Prang's daughter Rosa.

Through a merger in 1897, L. Prang and Co. became the Taber-Prang Company and moved from Boston to Springfield, Massachusetts. Two years following the death of his first wife in 1898, Prang married Mary Dana Hicks, an art teacher and author associated with the Prang Educational Company. Prang had retired from active business in 1899 and traveled extensively for the next decade. He became ill and died while en route to view an Exposition in Los Angeles in 1909.

Louis Prang died on June 14, 1909, in Los Angeles, California.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives of American Art is the Mary Margaret Sittig research material on Louis Prang.
Provenance:
The Louis Prang papers were donated in 1989 by Thomas West Christopher, M.D., son of E. Wrightson Christopher who compiled the papers while he was a publisher of greeting cards. A photocopied letter and a sales book of samples were donated separately and have unknown provenances.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Louis Prang papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Greeting cards  Search this
Lithographers  Search this
Lithography  Search this
Greeting cards industry  Search this
Chromolithography  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Photographs
Lectures
Typescripts
Citation:
Louis Prang, 1848-1932. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.pranloui
See more items in:
Louis Prang papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-pranloui
Additional Online Media:

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