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Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of the Greek Inscriptional Form of the Letter 'Z'

view Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of the Greek Inscriptional Form of the Letter 'Z' digital asset number 1
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
Squeeze : 1 item (1 leaf) ; 16 cm. x 23 cm
Type:
Paper Squeezes
Place:
Iraq, Salah ad-Din, Samarra
Asia
Iraq
Mesopotamia
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1913
Notes:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Herzfeld's publication, "Geschichte der Stadt Samarra. Hamburg, Eckardt & Messtorff; Buchhändlerischer Vertrieb durch D. Reimer, Andrews & Steiner, Berlin, 1948," and Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
- Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Records of Samarra Expeditions."
Summary:
- Publication caption in German for abb.22 reads, "27-29. Auf Marmorstücken mit dem 'Samarra-Fries', siehe 'wandschmuck'; Ubaid; H[ārūn?]; Z der griech. Buchstabe. Die Nummern 20-30 zeigen, daβ die gleichen Marmormuster nebeneinander von Steinmetzen ausgeführt wurden, die arabisch oder griechisch schrieben; die landsmannschaftliche Trennung der Arbeiter, die man in der Umayyadenzeit bei den Leiturgien beobachten kann, gibt es nicht mehr."
Publications:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1948: "Geschichte der Stadt Samarra. Hamburg, Eckardt & Messtorff; Buchhändlerischer Vertrieb durch D. Reimer, Andrews & Steiner, Berlin."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Abbasids
Art of the Islamic World
Inscriptions
Inscriptions, Greek
Local number:
FSA A.06 07.31.14
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions 1906-1945
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_289232

Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Sgraffito, from Second Gate of Balkuwara Palace

view Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Sgraffito, from Second Gate of Balkuwara Palace digital asset number 1
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 paper squeeze : b&w ; 15 in.x 18 in. (38.1 cm. x 45.7 cm.)
Type:
Paper Squeezes
Place:
Iraq, Salah ad-Din, Samarra, Balkuwara
Asia
Iraq
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1913
Notes:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Summary:
- Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "Arabic No. 2: [no neg]. Mangur, 2nd door sgraffito. Marked 'SAM'."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World
Excavations (Archaeology)
Inscriptions
Local number:
FSA A.6 06.A002
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_294725

Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription, from inside the Mausoleum Imam al-Dur

view Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription, from inside the Mausoleum Imam al-Dur digital asset number 1
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 paper squeeze : b&w ; 13 in.x 20 in. (33 cm. x 50.8 cm.)
Type:
Paper Squeezes
Place:
Iraq, Salah ad-Din, Samarra, al-Dur
Asia
Iraq
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1913
Notes:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Summary:
- Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "Arabic No. 1: [no neg]. Imam Dur,478 H. Marked in red "SAM" (Samarra)."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World
Excavations (Archaeology)
Inscriptions
Inscriptions, Arabic
Religious buildings
Local number:
FSA A.6 06.A001
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_294724

Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription, Inscribed on Beam Found in the Great Iwan of Balkuwara Palace

view Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription, Inscribed on Beam Found in the Great Iwan of Balkuwara Palace digital asset number 1
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 paper squeeze : b&w ; 4 in.x 19 in. (10.1 cm. x 48.2 cm.)
Type:
Paper Squeezes
Place:
Iraq, Salah ad-Din, Samarra, Balkuwara
Asia
Iraq
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1913
Notes:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Summary:
- Additional information from staff reads, "It was in the Eastern Īwān of the Balkuwārā Palace that the well-known beam with the inscription "al-amīr al-Mutazz bi-llāh b. amīr al-Muminīn," carved into one of the sides, was recovered. Three paper squeezes, FSA A.6 06.A003 (left), FSA A.6 06.A003a (center), and FSA A.6 06.A003b (right), were applied on the single inscription."
- Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "Arabic No. 3: [no neg]. Four duplicate squeezes, single line, numbered 3/3c. Marked in red "SAM"; in blue 499."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World
Excavations (Archaeology)
Inscriptions
Inscriptions, Arabic
Local number:
FSA A.6 06.A003b
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_294729

Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription, Inscribed on Beam Found in the Great Iwan of Balkuwara Palace

view Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription, Inscribed on Beam Found in the Great Iwan of Balkuwara Palace digital asset number 1
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 paper squeeze : b&w ; 4 in.x 19 in. (10.1 cm. x 48.2 cm.)
Type:
Paper Squeezes
Place:
Iraq, Salah ad-Din, Samarra, Balkuwara
Asia
Iraq
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1913
Notes:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Summary:
- Additional information from staff reads, "It was in the Eastern Īwān of the Balkuwārā Palace that the well-known beam with the inscription "al-amīr al-Mutazz bi-llāh b. amīr al-Muminīn," carved into one of the sides, was recovered. Three paper squeezes, FSA A.6 06.A003 (left), FSA A.6 06.A003a (center), and FSA A.6 06.A003b (right), were applied on the single inscription."
- Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "Arabic No. 3: [no neg]. Four duplicate squeezes, single line, numbered 3/3c. Marked in red "SAM"; in blue 499."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World
Excavations (Archaeology)
Inscriptions
Inscriptions, Arabic
Local number:
FSA A.6 06.A003
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_294726

Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription, Inscribed on Beam Found in the Great Iwan of Balkuwara Palace

view Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription, Inscribed on Beam Found in the Great Iwan of Balkuwara Palace digital asset number 1
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 paper squeeze : b&w ; 4 in.x 19 in. (10.1 cm. x 48.2 cm.)
Type:
Paper Squeezes
Place:
Iraq, Salah ad-Din, Samarra, Balkuwara
Asia
Iraq
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1913
Notes:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Summary:
- Additional information from staff reads, "It was in the Eastern Īwān of the Balkuwārā Palace that the well-known beam with the inscription "al-amīr al-Mutazz bi-llāh b. amīr al-Muminīn," carved into one of the sides, was recovered. Three paper squeezes, FSA A.6 06.A003 (left), FSA A.6 06.A003a (center), and FSA A.6 06.A003b (right), were applied on the single inscription."
- Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "Arabic No. 3: [no neg]. Four duplicate squeezes, single line, numbered 3/3c. Marked in red "SAM"; in blue 499."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World
Excavations (Archaeology)
Inscriptions
Inscriptions, Arabic
Local number:
FSA A.6 06.A003a
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_294727

Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Wall Ornamentation, from the Great Iwan of Balkuwara Palace [graphic]

view Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Wall Ornamentation, from the Great Iwan of Balkuwara Palace [graphic] digital asset number 1
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 17 cm. x 11.9 cm
Type:
Photographic prints
Place:
Iraq, Salah ad-Din, Samarra, Balkuwara
Asia
Iraq
Mesopotamia
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1913
Notes:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's transcript of original captions written on the backs of the prints which were glued to an Album page."
Summary:
- Caption provided by Joseph Upton reads, "236 (in blue: 583) Photo 348. Samarra. Form einen Ornament von Manqūr."
- Original photograph number given in red reads, "236."
- Original photograph number given in blue, possibly indicating a revision, reads, "583."
- Additional information from Archives staff reads, "No existing negative."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Abbasids
Architecture
Art of the Islamic World
Excavations (Archaeology)
Stucco
Local number:
FSA A.06 04.PF.23.162
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_294960

Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Inscription of al-Mutazz, Inscribed on Beam Found in the Great Iwan of Balkuwara Palace

view Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): Squeeze of Inscription of al-Mu<U+02BF>tazz, Inscribed on Beam Found in the Great Iwan of Balkuwara Palace digital asset number 1
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 paper squeeze : b&w ; 4 in.x 26 in. (10.1 cm. x 66 cm.)
Type:
Paper Squeezes
Place:
Iraq, Salah ad-Din, Samarra, Balkuwara
Asia
Iraq
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1913
Notes:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Summary:
- Additional information from Joseph Upton's Finding Aid reads, "Arabic No. 3: [no neg]. Four duplicate squeezes, single line, numbered 3/3c. Marked in red "SAM"; in blue 499."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Art of the Islamic World
Excavations (Archaeology)
Inscriptions
Inscriptions, Arabic
Local number:
FSA A.6 06.A003c
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 6: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_294730

Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): al-Quraina, House I, Room 1: View of Wall with Ornamentation [graphic]

view Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): al-Quraina, House I, Room 1: View of Wall with Ornamentation [graphic] digital asset number 1
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 11.2 cm. x 17 cm
Type:
Photographic prints
Place:
Iraq, Salah ad-Din, Samarra, al-Quraina
Asia
Iraq
Mesopotamia
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1913
Notes:
Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol. 1: Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und seine Ornamentik."
Summary:
Original publication caption reads, "Orn. 70; Orn. 8; Orn. 162."
Additional information in publication reads, "70. Haus I, Zimmer 1; Tafel LX, vgl. Abb. bei Orn. 152 und 162."
Additional information in publication reads, "8. Haus I, Zimmer 1; Rahmen von Orn. 162; Tafel LXI, Abb. 11."
Additional information in publication reads, "162. Haus I, Zimmer 1; Südwand des Südflügels des Tau-förmigen Raumes; Tafel LX, Abb. 162."
Additional information from Archives staff reads, "No existing negatives; Paper squeeze applied on wall."
Publications:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1923: "Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol. 1; Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und seine Ornamentik. Verlag Dietrich Reimer Ernst Vohsen, Berlin. Plate LX, bottom."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Abbasids
Architecture
Art of the Islamic World
Excavations (Archaeology)
Mural painting and decoration
Stucco
Local number:
FSA A.06 04.PF.19.140
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_293035

Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): al-Quraina, House I, Room 1: View of Wall with Ornamentation [graphic]

view Excavation of Samarra (Iraq): al-Quraina, House I, Room 1: View of Wall with Ornamentation [graphic] digital asset number 1
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
1 photographic print : b&w ; 11.9 cm. x 16.9 cm
Type:
Photographic prints
Place:
Iraq, Salah ad-Din, Samarra, al-Quraina
Asia
Iraq
Mesopotamia
Sāmarrā' (Iraq)
Date:
1911-1913
Notes:
Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol. 1: Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und seine Ornamentik."
Summary:
Original publication caption reads, "Orn. 70; Orn. 152; Orn. 162."
Additional information in publication reads, "70. Haus I, Zimmer 1; Tafel LX, vgl. Abb. bei Orn. 152 und 162."
Additional information in publication reads, "152. Haus I, Zimmer 1; Westwand des Südflügels des Tau-förmigen Raumes; Tafel LX, Abb. 151."
Additional information in publication reads, "162. Haus I, Zimmer 1; Südwand des Südflügels des Tau-förmigen Raumes; Tafel LX, Abb. 162."
Additional information from Archives staff reads, "No existing negatives; Paper squeeze applied on wall."
Publications:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1923: "Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol. 1; Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und seine Ornamentik. Verlag Dietrich Reimer Ernst Vohsen, Berlin. Plate LX, top."
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Abbasids
Architecture
Art of the Islamic World
Excavations (Archaeology)
Mural painting and decoration
Stucco
Local number:
FSA A.06 04.PF.19.139
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files 1903-1947
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_293033

Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Topic: Papyrus
view Ernst Herzfeld Papers digital asset: Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948
Names:
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum.
Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Anistas Mari, al-Karmili, ab, 1866-1947
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948
Krefter, Friedrich, 1898-1995
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945
Extent:
150 linear feet (circa 30,000 items)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Mesopotamia
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Syria
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Turkey
Date:
1903-1947
Summary:
An outstanding scholar in the field of Iranian studies, Ernst Herzfeld (1879--948) explored all phases of Near Eastern culture from the prehistoric period to Islamic times. This collection documents Herzfeld's excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo and includes correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Scope and Contents note:
Papers (1899--962) of German born archaeologist Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879--948), a preeminent scholar of Near Eastern and Iranian studies. The collection measures 150 linear feet (circa 30,000 items) and documents Herzfeld's work as a pioneer in the field and sheds light on his excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo. Formats include correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Arrangement note:
This collection is organized into seven series.

Series 1: Travel journals

Series 2: Sketchbooks

Series 3: Notebooks

Series 4: Photographic files 1-42

Series 5: Drawings and maps

Series 6: Squeezes

Series 7: Samarra Expedition
Biographical/Historical note:
The Ernst Herzfeld Papers document the career of Ernst Herzfeld (1879--948), a German architect, archaeologist, and historian of Islamic and Pre-Islamic studies. After training as an architect he studied archaeology under Delitzch from 1903 to 1906 at the excavations at Assur in Mesopotamia. A student of Latin, Greek, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hebrew, Herzfeld received a doctorate in Humanistic Studies at universities in Munich and Berlin in 1907. His work with Friedrich Sarre to survey the monuments of the Tigris-Euphrates valleys resulted in landmark studies in architectural history, published in 1911 and 1920.

In 1920 Herzfeld was appointed to the chair of Historical Geography in Berlin and began his excavation at Samarra. Herzfeld's work there led to a six-volume publication. He published widely throughout his life on the sources of Islamic architecture and ornament, including the Royal Palace at Persepolis.

From 1934 until the end of his life Herzfeld spent his time producing many books and articles, lecturing, and working at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (1936--945.) Many of his works continue to be published post-humously.

1879 July 23 -- Born in Celle, Germany.

1897 -- Received diploma from Joachimsthaler Gymnasium, Berlin.

1897-circa 1898 -- Fulfilled military service.

circa 1899 -- Studied architecture at the Technical University and Assyriology, art history, and philosophy at the Friedrich-Wilhems Universität in Berlin.

1903 -- Passed exam in structural engineering.

1903-1905 -- Assistant to Walter Andrae (1875-1956) in Assur.

1905-1906 -- Traveled throughout Iran and Iraq.

1907 -- Passed oral exam in February. Excavation in Cilicia. Awarded doctorate in Humanistic Studies by Friedrich-Wilhems Universtät zu Berlin. After receiving Ph.D. traveled extensively in Syria and Iraq with Friedrich Sarre, director of the Islamic Museum in Berlin.

1910 -- Herzfeld and Sarre jointly publish, Iranische Felsreliefs (Berlin, 1910).

1911-1913 -- Field Director under direction of Sarre during expedition to Samarra.

circa 1914 -- Drafted into service in France and Poland during World War I. Sent to Iraq where he functioned as a surveyor.

1916 -- Father died.

1917 -- Along with Friedrich Sarre and others, founded the German-Persian Society to increase cultural and economic exchange between Germany and Persia. Appointed associate professor for Historical Geography and Art History of the Ancient Orient at Berlin.

1920 -- Appointed world's first full professor of Near Eastern Archeology. Begins excavation at Samarra.

1922 -- Mother died.

1923-1934 -- In Persia, where he completed many excavations and studies.

1928 -- Excavation at Pasargadae.

1931-1934 -- Appointed director of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago and moved to Persepolis.

1934 -- As grandson of Jews, Nazi legislation expelling state employees of Jewish descent forced Herzfeld to retire as a professor employed by the state. Moved to London.

1936 -- Moved to Boston. Lectured on Iranian history and appointed a member of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study. Delivered Lowell Lectures.

1944 -- Retired from Princeton University.

1948 January 20 -- Died.
Provenance:
Ernst Herzfeld donated his papers to the Freer Gallery of Art in 1946.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Abbasids
Aerial photography
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Antiquities
Architectural drawing
Art of the Islamic World
Ayyubids
Decoration and ornament
Description and travel
Excavations (Archaeology)
History
Inscriptions
Numismatics
Pottery
Religious buildings
Genre/Form:
Articles
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Diaries
Drawings
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Paper Squeezes
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-06
Additional Online Media:

SQ 1: Imam Dur,478 H. Marked in red "SAM" (Samarra)

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948
Container:
Item SQ-1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref9926

Paikuli

Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948
Container:
Volume S-7, Page 36–38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1911 June 18
Note:
Budkhaneh. Made squeezes of 28 inscribed blocks. Sketch: details of costume and a possible elevation of monument
Collection Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6730

Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Expedition to Persia, Diary 1, 1923

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
Diary : 1 volume (72 pages) ; 20.5 cm. x 17 cm
Type:
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Date:
1923
Notes:
- Additional information from staff reads, "The handwritten text of the Journal in German was transliterated and reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter, with the assistance of his wife, Maria Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
Summary:
- FSA A.6 01.04, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-83", provides an account of an expedition (February 14, 1923 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin (Germany) to Pasargadae (Iran), via Bombay (india) and Karrachi (Pakistan), then following ancient caravan roads via Baghdad (Iraq), Paikuli (Iraq), hamadan (Iran), Tehran (Iran), Isfahan (Iran), to finally reach Shiraz (Iran) and the monuments in its vicinity.
- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; Tagebuch, Persien I, 1923"
- Ab-i'arm, near Khurha (Iran): Sketch plan of bath, (p. 1).
- Bombay (India): Refused permission to disembark, March 16, 1923, (p. 1).
- Karrachi (Pakistan): Refused permission to disembark, March 18, 1923, (p. 8).
- Zubair (old Basra) (Iraq): Comparison with Samarra (Iraq), March 24, 1923, (p. 9).
- Baghdad (Iraq) and Ctesiphon (Iraq): Notes on Talisman Tor, Mustansiriyya Madrasa, Sultanatspaläste, in der Zitadelle, Mirjāniyya Madrasa, Khan Ortma. Side trips to Ctesiphon. Comments on British and Arab personalities and on political views of Egyptians, March 25 to May 24, 1923, (pp. 10-36).
- Miss Gertrude Bell, quote "uncrowned Queen of Iraq," April 5, 1923, (p. 12).
- Samarra (Iraq): Visit with comments of personalities, state of ruins and Caliph's palace. Comparison of ruins with Kufa (p.21); of mosques with those at Nejef and Qazwin (p.22); and fate of the lost finds from Samarra during World War I., April 9-16, 1923, (pp. 15-16).
- al-Kharsuin (Iraq): Visit and observation re ruins, probably Nebukadnezar's time. Sketch: plan of temple with ziggurat, April 17, 1923, (p. 16).
- Taq (Iraq): Visit to and comments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 17-18).
- Salman Pak (Iraq): Sketch of two carved stucco ornaments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 19).
- Baghdad (Iraq): Daniel, Menachem, Baghdad philantropist; Sarkis, Yusuf (Baghdad), "very fine library, almost complete about Iraq," April 25, 1923, (p. 19).
- Vicinity of Kufa (Iraq): Sanctuary of Dhuʹl-Kifl, April 27, 1923, (pp. 19-21).
- Nejef (Iraq): Safavid entrance to mosque compared with mosques in Samarra (Iraq) and Qazvin (Iran), April 28, 1923, (pp. 22).
- Baghdad (Iraq): Khayyat, Djirdjis (antique dealer, Baghdad), important antiquities for sale: Hellenistic, Parthian, Sasanian and Islamic, May 12, 1923, (pp. 23-25).
- Bahrām V GÅr; silver plate in possession Khayyat, May 12, 1923, (pp. 24-25).
- Account of fate of Babylon expedition finds during World War I: May 1923, (pp. 27-30).
- Fate during World War I of Sarre's "hebb", (p. 31).
- More discussion of antiquities, including important Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).
- Warka (Iraq): Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).
- Deli 'Abbas (Iraq): Trip from Baghdad via Khan Bani Sa'ad, Nahrawan, Ba'quba, Khan al-Musabbagh, Abu Saida to Deli 'Abbās, with comments on Arab and British officials, May 24-26, 1923, (pp. 37-41).
- Kal'at al-Mufti (Iraq): The larger of two Tells between Abu Saida and Deli 'Abbas, May 26, 1923, (p. 39).
- Qara Tepe (Iraq): Trip from Deli 'Abbas via Nahr Shohane, Tell Manzil (Ishtar-statuette), Khir Suweine, Qyshla Suweine (ruins), Kashheh Pass, Narimchai. Comments on inhabitants and landscape, May 27, 1923, (pp. 41-44).
- Kallan (Iraq): Trip from Kifri via Sarkalan and Kallan (Kal'a-i Shirwana), May 29, 1923, (pp. 49-51).
- Trip to Paikuli (Iraq) via Zhala and work there, including new names in inscriptions, May 30 to June 7, 1923, (pp. 51-53).
- Trip from Paikuli (Iraq) via Diagiaish, Qaslan, Darband, Khan-i Naft to Sarpul, June 7, 1923, (p. 52).
- Darband Gorge (Kurdistan): Babylonian reliefs and ruins, June 9, 1923, (pp. 54-55).
- Sarpul (Iran): Made squeezes of inscriptions. Arsacid relief with Pahlavi inscription of Ardvaran V (Hartaban), June 11-12, 1923, (p. 55-57).
- Dukkan i Daud (Iran), June 13 1923, (pp. 57-58).
- Kerind (Iran): Building remains, June 14, 1923, (pp. 59).
- Firuzabad (Iran): In the valley from Kerind a whole series of Tells. Nearby the rock drawing of an ibex, June 14, 1923, (p. 59-60).
- Husainabad (Iran): Large Tell, June 15, 1923, (pp. 60).
- Hasanabad (Iran): Many Tells, two meaningful, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).
- Harnawa (Harunabad) (Iran): Many old settlements, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).
- Kermanshah (Iran), June 21, 1923, (pp. 62-64).
- Taq-i Bustan (Iran): Small grotto: Shapur II and III. Squeezes of textiles of hunting reliefs in large grotto of Khusro II. Notes on Kale-i Khusrawi, June 21-24, 1923, (pp. 64-69).
- Kale i Khosrowi (Iran): Sketch of ruins, June 21, 1923, (p. 67).
- Tell Ciah-i Gulan (Iran), June 21, 1923, (p. 67).
- Hajjiabad and Bisutun (Iran): Column bases and capitals, Sasanian or Arsacid, June 26, 1923, (pp. 69-70).
- Bisutun (Iran): Sasanian capital, Khusro II; Parthian worshipper; relief of Mithradates II; inscriptions of Darius, Mithradates and Gotarzes; 12-13th c. tombstones, June 26, 1923, (pp. 70-72).
- Dinawar (Iran): Pre-Sasanian monuments. Tell Nasiliyan, Tell Shahr-i Dagianus, June 27, 1923, (p. 72).
- Adjin (Iran), June 28, 1923, (p. 73).
- Sunghur (Iran): Imamzadeh in the city and Imamzadeh Malag outside; Kufic tombstones; and comments on the inhabitants, June 25-26, 1923, (pp. 74-76).
- Asadabad (Iran), June 29, 1923, (p. 76).
- Ferman Ferma, owner of Adjin. For rock sculpture of father, Timur Mirza, see under Pul Abginne. In 1905 Ferman Ferma Governor of Kirmanshah, Burujird, Luristan, June 29, 1923, (p. 76).
- Hamadan (Iran): Lion, Esther's tomb. Gumbad-i Alawiyyan, Imamzadeh Baba Tahir, Kufic tombstones in cemetery Sar-i ahl-i qubur, antiquities for sale, July 1-4, 1923, (pp. 77-82).
- Ab-i'arm (Iran), July 4, 1923, (p. 82).
- Qazvin (Iran): Trip from Hamadan to Qazvin via Ab-i Garm. Mosque compared with that in Nejef, July 5-6, 1923, (pp. 83-84).
- Qazvin (Iran) to Teheran (Iran), July 8-9, 1923, (pp. 84-85).
- Teheran (Iran): Visit to photographic studio of Sevruguin, July 9, 1923, (p. 85).
- Teheran (Iran): No diary, July 10 to September 30, 1923.
- Ray (Iran): Camped at Citadel, October 1, 1923, (p. 86).
- Varamin (Iran): Recorded all inscriptions, October 2-3, 1923, (pp. 86-88).
- Qum (Iran): Trip from Waramin via Abarik, Hajjiabad, Karimabad, Sar-i Masila, Muhammadabad, Kadj, Kumrad, Qara Tepe. Treasures of the Shrine. Older grave towers of 761/1359 and 792/1390, October 4-6, 1923, (pp. 88-91).
- Qara Tepe (Iran): Ruin mound on the edge of the salt desert enroute to Qum, October 5, 1923, (p. 90).
- Qum (Iran): Gunbad-i Sabz, inscriptions noted and visit to three sanctuaries, October 7, 1923, (pp. 91-92).
- Daghun (Iran): Stone lions; Imamzadeh Ja'far, restored by Shah 'Abbas I, October 8, 1923, (pp. 92-94).
- Husainabad (Iran) (between Dāghun and Khurha): Trip via Daulatabad, Kal'a Tcham, Deh-i NÅ, October 9, 1923, (pp. 94).
- Khurba (Iran): Notes on temple ruins, graves and ceramics. Sketch: possible plan and sockel of corner column, October 10-12, 1923, (pp. 95-101).
- Dilijan (Iran): From Khurha to Dilijān via Nāin and Āb-i Garm. Popular conception of "antiques" of peasants of Dilijan. Sketch: plan of old bath (inside covers of N-83), October 13, 1923, (pp. 101-102).
- Personal comments on Misc. topics, 1923 Oct. 13. Comments on possible results of current political attitudes in Germany under Streseman, October 13, 1923, (pp. 102-104).
- Dilijan-Isfahan (Iran): Itineraries, October 14, 1923, (p. 104).
- Reflections on what caused the ruin of the Orient, October 14, 1923, (pp. 104-106).
- Quruqtchai (Iran): Trip from Quruqtchai to Wandadeh, October 15 1923, (p. 106).
- General observations on Persian people and politics, October 15, 1923, (pp. 106-108).
- Wandadih (Iran): Trip via Mehme and Djoshagan-i qali. Notes on limestone doors, October 16, 1923, (pp. 108-109).
- Observations on the historic relationships between the Slavs and Western Europe, October 16, 1923, (p. 109-111).
- Comments on donkeys and horses, October 17, 1923, (pp. 111-112).
- Gez (Iran), October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).
- Observations on British customs, war memorials and cultural and political conditions in Europe, October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).
- Isfahan-Bushire and Shiraz-Bushire, October 18, 1923, (pp. 114-115).
- Isfahan (Iran): Chehel Sutun with reliquaries (pp.124, 126); Masjid-i 'Ali (pp.122, 127); Mashid-i Jum'a (pp.122, 128); Shahristan with minaret "Chan Rustan" (p.127) Masjid-i Shah (p.127); Imamzadeh Isma'il (Jewish Nabi 'Isaya) (pp. 127, 130); Chehel Dukhtaran madrasa (p.128); Chinar-i Dalbati (p.128); Minare-Baba Tuteb (p.129); Baba Sukhta (pp.128, 129); Baghuch Khana (p.129); Tabariq (p.129); Baba Qasim (pp.129, 130); Takht-i Pulad (pp.129, 132); Harun-i Wilaya (p.130); Ja'fariyya (p.130); entrance of Qaisariyya (p.130); Hasht Behisht (pp.130, 132), October 19 to November 7, 1923, (pp. 124-132).
- Isfahan (Iran), October 20-23, 1923, (pp. 120-124).
- Isfahan (Iran): Sketch: Location of paintings, discussion of Chehel Sutun and objects in museum (Korans, Wasf-nāmeh), October 23, 1923, (p. 124).
- Isfahan (Iran), October 25, 1923, (p. 127).
- Pir Bakran (Iran): Sketch of glazed tile, November 6, 1923, (pp. 132).
- Abadeh (Iran): Trip from Isfahan via Marg, Maqsud Beg, Yezdikhast. Conversations with officials in Abadeh, November 7-10, 1923, (pp. 132-133).
- Khan-i Khurra (Iran): Eight-sided Safavid caravansarai between Dehbid and Abadeh, November 11, 1923, (p. 136).
- Qadirabad (Iran): Trip from Dehbid, November 12, 1923, (pp. 138-139).
- Pasargadae (Iran): Sketch: detail of columns and bases; doorway of tomb of Cyrus, November 13-14, 1923, (p. 139-143).
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Antiquities
Architecture
Art of the Islamic World
Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A.6 01.04
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals 1905-1928
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_365907

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