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Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs

Creator:
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Collector:
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Photographer:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Subject:
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Muzaffar al-Dīn Shāh 1853-1907 Shah of Iran
Nāsir al-Dīn Shāh Shah of Iran 1831-1896
Reza Shah Pahlavi Shah of Iran 1878-1944
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
Photographic prints : 66 items; various dimensions
Glass Negatives : 695 items; b&w ; 13 cm. x 18 cm
Photographic prints : 98 items; various dimensions
Type:
Photographic prints
Collection descriptions
Glass negatives
Gelatin silver prints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
India
Uzbekistan
Baghdad (Iraq)
Basṭām (Iran)
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Dāmghān (Iran)
Delhi (India)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Hamadān (Iran)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Tāq-e Bostān Site (Iran)
Tehran (Iran)
Date:
1880s-1933
Topic:
Abbasids
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Antiquities
Architecture
Art of the Islamic World
Clothing and dress
Criminal procedure
Executions and executioners
Headgear
Inscriptions
Landscapes
Portrait photography
Pottery
Relief (Sculpture)
Religious buildings
Royalty (Nobility)
Sassanids
Shrines
Textile design
Local number:
FSA A.04 2.12
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Titles and summary notes are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin managed and operated one of the most successful commercial photography studios in Tehran in the late 19th century. Born in the 1840s in Iran, Sevruguin's mother returned with her children to her hometown of Tbilisi after his father Vassil, a Russian diplomat in Iran, died in a horse riding accident. Trained as a painter, Sevruguin returned to Iran in the early 1870s accompanied by his two brothers, establishing a photography studio first in Tabriz and then Tehran. His studio's ties to Tbilisi, however, persisted through the years; many of the early portraits of Dervishes and women have been simultaneously attributed to Antoin Sevruguin and Dimitri Yermakov, the Georgian photographer who is often referred to as Sevruguin's mentor from Tbilisi. Many of Antoin Sevruguin's photographs were published as early as 1885 in travelogues, journals and books indicating that by that time he had a fully established practice in Tehran's Ala al-Dawla street, with ties to the court of Nasir al-Din Shah Qajar. Often unacknowledged as the producer of published images in his own time - the 1902 photographic survey of Persepolis being the most glaring of such authorial misrepresentations - he was nevertheless celebrated and acknowledged for his artistic vision and his keen eye for composition, achieving the Medal of Lion and Sun from Nasir al-Din Shah, the 1897 Medal of Honour in the Brussels International Exposition, and the 1900 Medal of Honour in Paris International Exposition. Reflecting a career that spans nearly half a century, Sevruguin's diverse body of work includes studio portraits of families, women and dervishes, survey photographs of archeological sites, objects, landscapes and architecture, and photographs of royalty, high officials and ceremonies of the Qajar court. The range of his output not only demonstrates his own pictorial concerns and artistic abilities but also the divergent interests of his clients. Despite numerous devastating incidents throughout his career - the loss of more than half of his negatives in a 1908 blast and fire, an unsuccessful attempt at diversifying into cinematography in the 1910s, and the confiscation of the remainder of his negatives in the mid-1920s to name a few - his studio remained operational even after his death in 1933. A number of negatives from the Sevruguin studio can be dated to the years after Antoin's death, indicating that the Sevruguin studio continued to be commercially viable. As one of the most prolific early commercial photographers in Iran, Antoin Sevruguin's artistic legacy has since proved far more enduring.
Summary:
- 66 black-and-white gelatin silver photoprints, unmounted, were a gift from Joseph Upton, received by the committee for Islamic Culture, as reported in their official minutes of October 24, 1953. The 66 photoprints were initially purchased by Joseph Upton in 1928 from Antoin Sevruguin in Tehran.
- 695 glass negatives were included into the "Islamic Archives," which was administered jontly by the committee for Islamic Culture and the committee for Arabic and Islamic Studies of the American Council of Learned Societies. According to the official minutes, the committee for Islamic Culture reported purchasing the 696 glass plates during their fiscal years 1951-1952 from the American Presbyterian Mission in Tehran. Antoin Sevruguin's daughter gave these plates to the mission with instruction that they be sold for the benefit of the mission.
- 98 gelatin silver photoprints were collected by Myron Bement Smith after he viewed a portion of Sevruguin's negatives in 1934 ( these include recent finds in the Myron Bement Smith collection).
In addition of Antoin Sevruguin's 695 glass negatives and 164 silver gelatin prints in the Myron Bement Smith collection the Archives holds: 18 albumen prints in theJay Bisno Collection of Sevruguin Photographs (FSA A.15); 34 photographic prints in the Ernst Herzfeld Papers (FSA A.6); as well as a photograph album and individual albumen prints donated by Stephen Arpee (FSA A2011.03). Finally, the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives also own 3 separate gelatin silver prints.
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Pottery Figure of a Ram [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 17.7 cm. x 12.8 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1930
Topic:
Animals in art
Antiquities
Art of the Islamic World
Pottery
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.09.10
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Summary:
- FSg curatorial research specialist remark on Antoin Sevruguin photo manipulation and condition reads, "Brushworks visible on the negative. A very dark brown color is on the negative."
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 9.10: Sculpture." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Figure Depicting Lion's Head [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 17.8 cm. x 12.7 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1930
Topic:
Animals in art
Antiquities
Art of the Islamic World
Pottery
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.10.11
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Summary:
- FSg curatorial research specialist remark on Antoin Sevruguin photo condition reads, "Browsing on the lower right quarter of the glass negative."
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 10.11: (P) [black-and-white print on hand]. Sculpture." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Pottery Figure of a Horse [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 17.7 cm. x 11.5 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1930
Topic:
Animals in art
Antiquities
Art of the Islamic World
Pottery
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.07.11
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Summary:
- FSg curatorial research specialist remark on Antoin Sevruguin photo condition reads, "The glass is cut unevenly resulting in difference of width."
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 7.11: (P) [black-and-white print on hand]. Pottery. Antique." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Sculpted Figure Depicting Bull's Head [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 12.7 cm. x 17.7 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1930
Topic:
Animals in art
Antiquities
Art of the Islamic World
Pottery
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.07.12
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Summary:
- FSg curatorial research specialist remark on Antoin Sevruguin photo condition reads, "The smaller original negative is glued to a bigger negative. The tape is still visible on the sides."
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 7.12: (P) [black-and-white print on hand]. Pottery. Antique." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Ceramic Container Depicting an Elephant [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 17.8 cm. x 12.7 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1930
Topic:
Animals in art
Antiquities
Art of the Islamic World
Pottery
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.10.10
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Summary:
- FSg curatorial research specialist remark on Antoin Sevruguin photo condition reads, "Browsing on the lower right quarter of the glass negative."
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 10.10: (P) [black-and-white print on hand]. Sculpture." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Jug, Two Jars, Bowl, and Animal Head [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 17.7 cm. x 12.8 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1930
Topic:
Animals in art
Antiquities
Art of the Islamic World
Pottery
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.11.04
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Summary:
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 11.4: (P) [black-and-white print on hand]. Pottery." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Earthenware Jar with Raised Ornamentation [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 17.7 cm. x 12.7 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1930
Topic:
Animals in art
Antiquities
Art of the Islamic World
Pottery
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.11.05
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Summary:
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 11.5: (P) [black-and-white print on hand]. Pottery." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Pottery Figure of a Horse [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 17.8 cm. x 12.7 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1930
Topic:
Animals in art
Antiquities
Art of the Islamic World
Pottery
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.10.04
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Summary:
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 10.3: (P) [black-and-white print on hand]. Sculpture." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Ceramic Container Depicting an Elephant [graphic]

Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Subject:
Sevruguin, Antoin -1933
Smith, Myron Bement 1897-1970
Islamic Archives
Physical description:
1 glass negative : b&w ; 17.7 cm. x 12.7 cm
Type:
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
1880-1930
Topic:
Animals in art
Antiquities
Art of the Islamic World
Pottery
Local number:
FSA A.4 2.12.GN.10.13
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu
Notes:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Antoin Sevruguin is one of the early pioneers of commercial photography in Iran. He arrived in Iran from Tbilisi, Georgia in the mid 1870s to set up shop in Ala al-Dawla street in Tehran. From the early days, Sevruguin's studio was trusted both by the Qajar court and by foreign visitors to Iran. Highly regarded for their artistic ingenuity outside Iran, Sevruguin's photographs of 'ethnic types,' architecture and landscape, and depictions of daily life of Tehran found their way into foreign travelogues, magazines and books. As such, he stands alone in a relatively large group of early Iranian photographers for being recognized and celebrated outside the boundaries of the country. Antoin Sevruguin passed away in 1933, leaving behind only a fraction of his large collection of glass negatives, which is currently in the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
Summary:
- Myron Bement Smith handwritten caption in English reads, "47.P; Box 10.13: (P) [black-and-white print on hand]. Sculpture." [Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information; Box 60; Folder 44: 47 P: Antoine Sevruguin, glass negatives, Iran]
Cite as:
Myron Bement Smith Collection: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Katherine Dennis Smith, 1973-1985
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith collection 1899-1962
Myron Bement Smith Collection, Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Visitor Tag(s):

Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals; Expedition to Persia, Diary 1, 1923

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Subject:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948
Physical description:
Diary : 1 volume (72 pages) ; 20.5 cm. x 17 cm
Type:
Diaries
Notebooks
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Date:
1923
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Antiquities
Architecture
Art of the Islamic World
Description and travel
Local number:
FSA A.6 01.04
Notes:
- Additional information from staff reads, "The handwritten text of the Journal in German was transliterated and reviewed by Ernst Herzfeld's former collaborator, Friedrich Krefter, with the assistance of his wife, Maria Krefter. Please contact the Archives for digital access to the transliterated copy."
Summary:
- FSA A.6 01.04, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-83", provides an account of an expedition (February 14, 1923 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin (Germany) to Pasargadae (Iran), via Bombay (india) and Karrachi (Pakistan), then following ancient caravan roads via Baghdad (Iraq), Paikuli (Iraq), hamadan (Iran), Tehran (Iran), Isfahan (Iran), to finally reach Shiraz (Iran) and the monuments in its vicinity.
- Original handwritten title on cover reads: "Ernst Herzfeld; Tagebuch, Persien I, 1923"
- Ab-i'arm, near Khurha (Iran): Sketch plan of bath, (p. 1).
- Bombay (India): Refused permission to disembark, March 16, 1923, (p. 1).
- Karrachi (Pakistan): Refused permission to disembark, March 18, 1923, (p. 8).
- Zubair (old Basra) (Iraq): Comparison with Samarra (Iraq), March 24, 1923, (p. 9).
- Baghdad (Iraq) and Ctesiphon (Iraq): Notes on Talisman Tor, Mustansiriyya Madrasa, Sultanatspaläste, in der Zitadelle, Mirjāniyya Madrasa, Khan Ortma. Side trips to Ctesiphon. Comments on British and Arab personalities and on political views of Egyptians, March 25 to May 24, 1923, (pp. 10-36).
- Miss Gertrude Bell, quote "uncrowned Queen of Iraq," April 5, 1923, (p. 12).
- Samarra (Iraq): Visit with comments of personalities, state of ruins and Caliph's palace. Comparison of ruins with Kufa (p.21); of mosques with those at Nejef and Qazwin (p.22); and fate of the lost finds from Samarra during World War I., April 9-16, 1923, (pp. 15-16).
- al-Kharsuin (Iraq): Visit and observation re ruins, probably Nebukadnezar's time. Sketch: plan of temple with ziggurat, April 17, 1923, (p. 16).
- Taq (Iraq): Visit to and comments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 17-18).
- Salman Pak (Iraq): Sketch of two carved stucco ornaments, April 19, 1923, (pp. 19).
- Baghdad (Iraq): Daniel, Menachem, Baghdad philantropist; Sarkis, Yusuf (Baghdad), "very fine library, almost complete about Iraq," April 25, 1923, (p. 19).
- Vicinity of Kufa (Iraq): Sanctuary of Dhuʹl-Kifl, April 27, 1923, (pp. 19-21).
- Nejef (Iraq): Safavid entrance to mosque compared with mosques in Samarra (Iraq) and Qazvin (Iran), April 28, 1923, (pp. 22).
- Baghdad (Iraq): Khayyat, Djirdjis (antique dealer, Baghdad), important antiquities for sale: Hellenistic, Parthian, Sasanian and Islamic, May 12, 1923, (pp. 23-25).
- Bahrām V GÅr; silver plate in possession Khayyat, May 12, 1923, (pp. 24-25).
- Account of fate of Babylon expedition finds during World War I: May 1923, (pp. 27-30).
- Fate during World War I of Sarre's "hebb", (p. 31).
- More discussion of antiquities, including important Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).
- Warka (Iraq): Sasanian bullae, May 18, 1923, (pp. 32-35).
- Deli 'Abbas (Iraq): Trip from Baghdad via Khan Bani Sa'ad, Nahrawan, Ba'quba, Khan al-Musabbagh, Abu Saida to Deli 'Abbās, with comments on Arab and British officials, May 24-26, 1923, (pp. 37-41).
- Kal'at al-Mufti (Iraq): The larger of two Tells between Abu Saida and Deli 'Abbas, May 26, 1923, (p. 39).
- Qara Tepe (Iraq): Trip from Deli 'Abbas via Nahr Shohane, Tell Manzil (Ishtar-statuette), Khir Suweine, Qyshla Suweine (ruins), Kashheh Pass, Narimchai. Comments on inhabitants and landscape, May 27, 1923, (pp. 41-44).
- Kallan (Iraq): Trip from Kifri via Sarkalan and Kallan (Kal'a-i Shirwana), May 29, 1923, (pp. 49-51).
- Trip to Paikuli (Iraq) via Zhala and work there, including new names in inscriptions, May 30 to June 7, 1923, (pp. 51-53).
- Trip from Paikuli (Iraq) via Diagiaish, Qaslan, Darband, Khan-i Naft to Sarpul, June 7, 1923, (p. 52).
- Darband Gorge (Kurdistan): Babylonian reliefs and ruins, June 9, 1923, (pp. 54-55).
- Sarpul (Iran): Made squeezes of inscriptions. Arsacid relief with Pahlavi inscription of Ardvaran V (Hartaban), June 11-12, 1923, (p. 55-57).
- Dukkan i Daud (Iran), June 13 1923, (pp. 57-58).
- Kerind (Iran): Building remains, June 14, 1923, (pp. 59).
- Firuzabad (Iran): In the valley from Kerind a whole series of Tells. Nearby the rock drawing of an ibex, June 14, 1923, (p. 59-60).
- Husainabad (Iran): Large Tell, June 15, 1923, (pp. 60).
- Hasanabad (Iran): Many Tells, two meaningful, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).
- Harnawa (Harunabad) (Iran): Many old settlements, June 16, 1923, (pp. 61).
- Kermanshah (Iran), June 21, 1923, (pp. 62-64).
- Taq-i Bustan (Iran): Small grotto: Shapur II and III. Squeezes of textiles of hunting reliefs in large grotto of Khusro II. Notes on Kale-i Khusrawi, June 21-24, 1923, (pp. 64-69).
- Kale i Khosrowi (Iran): Sketch of ruins, June 21, 1923, (p. 67).
- Tell Ciah-i Gulan (Iran), June 21, 1923, (p. 67).
- Hajjiabad and Bisutun (Iran): Column bases and capitals, Sasanian or Arsacid, June 26, 1923, (pp. 69-70).
- Bisutun (Iran): Sasanian capital, Khusro II; Parthian worshipper; relief of Mithradates II; inscriptions of Darius, Mithradates and Gotarzes; 12-13th c. tombstones, June 26, 1923, (pp. 70-72).
- Dinawar (Iran): Pre-Sasanian monuments. Tell Nasiliyan, Tell Shahr-i Dagianus, June 27, 1923, (p. 72).
- Adjin (Iran), June 28, 1923, (p. 73).
- Sunghur (Iran): Imamzadeh in the city and Imamzadeh Malag outside; Kufic tombstones; and comments on the inhabitants, June 25-26, 1923, (pp. 74-76).
- Asadabad (Iran), June 29, 1923, (p. 76).
- Ferman Ferma, owner of Adjin. For rock sculpture of father, Timur Mirza, see under Pul Abginne. In 1905 Ferman Ferma Governor of Kirmanshah, Burujird, Luristan, June 29, 1923, (p. 76).
- Hamadan (Iran): Lion, Esther's tomb. Gumbad-i Alawiyyan, Imamzadeh Baba Tahir, Kufic tombstones in cemetery Sar-i ahl-i qubur, antiquities for sale, July 1-4, 1923, (pp. 77-82).
- Ab-i'arm (Iran), July 4, 1923, (p. 82).
- Qazvin (Iran): Trip from Hamadan to Qazvin via Ab-i Garm. Mosque compared with that in Nejef, July 5-6, 1923, (pp. 83-84).
- Qazvin (Iran) to Teheran (Iran), July 8-9, 1923, (pp. 84-85).
- Teheran (Iran): Visit to photographic studio of Sevruguin, July 9, 1923, (p. 85).
- Teheran (Iran): No diary, July 10 to September 30, 1923.
- Ray (Iran): Camped at Citadel, October 1, 1923, (p. 86).
- Varamin (Iran): Recorded all inscriptions, October 2-3, 1923, (pp. 86-88).
- Qum (Iran): Trip from Waramin via Abarik, Hajjiabad, Karimabad, Sar-i Masila, Muhammadabad, Kadj, Kumrad, Qara Tepe. Treasures of the Shrine. Older grave towers of 761/1359 and 792/1390, October 4-6, 1923, (pp. 88-91).
- Qara Tepe (Iran): Ruin mound on the edge of the salt desert enroute to Qum, October 5, 1923, (p. 90).
- Qum (Iran): Gunbad-i Sabz, inscriptions noted and visit to three sanctuaries, October 7, 1923, (pp. 91-92).
- Daghun (Iran): Stone lions; Imamzadeh Ja'far, restored by Shah 'Abbas I, October 8, 1923, (pp. 92-94).
- Husainabad (Iran) (between Dāghun and Khurha): Trip via Daulatabad, Kal'a Tcham, Deh-i NÅ, October 9, 1923, (pp. 94).
- Khurba (Iran): Notes on temple ruins, graves and ceramics. Sketch: possible plan and sockel of corner column, October 10-12, 1923, (pp. 95-101).
- Dilijan (Iran): From Khurha to Dilijān via Nāin and Āb-i Garm. Popular conception of "antiques" of peasants of Dilijan. Sketch: plan of old bath (inside covers of N-83), October 13, 1923, (pp. 101-102).
- Personal comments on Misc. topics, 1923 Oct. 13. Comments on possible results of current political attitudes in Germany under Streseman, October 13, 1923, (pp. 102-104).
- Dilijan-Isfahan (Iran): Itineraries, October 14, 1923, (p. 104).
- Reflections on what caused the ruin of the Orient, October 14, 1923, (pp. 104-106).
- Quruqtchai (Iran): Trip from Quruqtchai to Wandadeh, October 15 1923, (p. 106).
- General observations on Persian people and politics, October 15, 1923, (pp. 106-108).
- Wandadih (Iran): Trip via Mehme and Djoshagan-i qali. Notes on limestone doors, October 16, 1923, (pp. 108-109).
- Observations on the historic relationships between the Slavs and Western Europe, October 16, 1923, (p. 109-111).
- Comments on donkeys and horses, October 17, 1923, (pp. 111-112).
- Gez (Iran), October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).
- Observations on British customs, war memorials and cultural and political conditions in Europe, October 18, 1923, (pp. 113-120).
- Isfahan-Bushire and Shiraz-Bushire, October 18, 1923, (pp. 114-115).
- Isfahan (Iran): Chehel Sutun with reliquaries (pp.124, 126); Masjid-i 'Ali (pp.122, 127); Mashid-i Jum'a (pp.122, 128); Shahristan with minaret "Chan Rustan" (p.127) Masjid-i Shah (p.127); Imamzadeh Isma'il (Jewish Nabi 'Isaya) (pp. 127, 130); Chehel Dukhtaran madrasa (p.128); Chinar-i Dalbati (p.128); Minare-Baba Tuteb (p.129); Baba Sukhta (pp.128, 129); Baghuch Khana (p.129); Tabariq (p.129); Baba Qasim (pp.129, 130); Takht-i Pulad (pp.129, 132); Harun-i Wilaya (p.130); Ja'fariyya (p.130); entrance of Qaisariyya (p.130); Hasht Behisht (pp.130, 132), October 19 to November 7, 1923, (pp. 124-132).
- Isfahan (Iran), October 20-23, 1923, (pp. 120-124).
- Isfahan (Iran): Sketch: Location of paintings, discussion of Chehel Sutun and objects in museum (Korans, Wasf-nāmeh), October 23, 1923, (p. 124).
- Isfahan (Iran), October 25, 1923, (p. 127).
- Pir Bakran (Iran): Sketch of glazed tile, November 6, 1923, (pp. 132).
- Abadeh (Iran): Trip from Isfahan via Marg, Maqsud Beg, Yezdikhast. Conversations with officials in Abadeh, November 7-10, 1923, (pp. 132-133).
- Khan-i Khurra (Iran): Eight-sided Safavid caravansarai between Dehbid and Abadeh, November 11, 1923, (p. 136).
- Qadirabad (Iran): Trip from Dehbid, November 12, 1923, (pp. 138-139).
- Pasargadae (Iran): Sketch: detail of columns and bases; doorway of tomb of Cyrus, November 13-14, 1923, (p. 139-143).
Cite as:
The Ernst Herzfeld papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers 1899-1962
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals 1905-1928
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks
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Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
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