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MS 86 Tah-leu-wah vocabulary

Creator:
Crook, George  Search this
Gibbs, George, 1815-1873  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
ca. 1850's-1860's
Scope and Contents:
In Smithsonian printed outline. Also 6 page copy of same in handwriting of George Gibbs.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 86
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 86, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS86
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms86
Additional Online Media:

Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian

Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
96 photomechanical prints (photogravure proofs)
184 printing plates (copper printing plates)
Culture:
Twana Indians  Search this
Hoh  Search this
Walla Walla Indians  Search this
Wishram  Search this
Suquamish Indians  Search this
Skokomish Indians  Search this
Quinault Indians  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Tolowa Indians  Search this
Hupa Indians  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Squaxon  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Achomawi Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Yurok Indians  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Cayuse Indians  Search this
Northern Paiute Indians  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Kalispel Indians  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee)  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Denésoliné (Chipewyan)  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Serrano Indians  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Kupangaxwichem (Kupa/Cupeño)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Hualapai Indians  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Tohono O'Odham  Search this
Mojave  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Yokuts Indians  Search this
Chukchansi Yokuts  Search this
Southern Mewuk (Southern Miwok)  Search this
Wailaki Indians  Search this
Pomo Indians  Search this
Wappo Indians  Search this
Maidu Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photomechanical prints
Printing plates
Photogravures
Photographs
Date:
1899-1927
circa 1980
Summary:
The Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian include photogravure printing plates and associated proofs made from Curtis photographs and used in the publication of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The bulk of the images are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps.
Scope and Contents:
The collection comprises 183 photogravure plates (101 folio and 82 octavo) and 96 associated proofs used in the printing of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The original photographs used to make the photogravures were made circa 1903-1926 and the photogravure plates were made in 1907-1930. The bulk are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps. About half of the proofs in the collection are originals used for Curtis's publication, though the collection also includes proofs made in the process of later publication by the Classic Gravure Company (circa 1980). Vintage proofs include handwritten notes, likely made by Curtis Studio employees in Seattle and Los Angeles. Many of the photogravure plates do not have matching proofs; in particular, there are no proofs for the octavo plates.
Arrangement:
The plates and proofs are arranged by the volume of The North American Indian in which they were published. They are described in this finding aid by the caption and plate number with which they were published.
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Sheriff Curtis (1868-1952) was an American photographer best known for his monumental and now-controversial project, the twenty-volume publication The North American Indian. Here he sought to document in words and pictures the "vanishing race" of American Indians.

Born in Wisconsin in 1868, Edward Curtis grew up on his family's farm in Le Sueur County, Minnesota, from 1874 to 1887. In 1887, he and his father Johnson Curtis settled on a plot near what is now Port Orchard, Washington, and the rest of the family joined them the following year. When Johnson Curtis died within a month of the family's arrival, the burden of providing for his mother and siblings fell to 20-year-old Edward, and Edward set out to do so through his photography. In 1891, Curtis moved to the booming city of Seattle and bought into a joint photo studio with Rasmus Rothi. Less than a year later, he formed "Curtis and Guptill, Photographers and Photoengravers" with Thomas Guptill; the enterprise quickly became a premier portrait studio for Seattle's elite. In 1895, Curtis made his first "Indian photograph" depicting Princess Angeline, daughter of the chief for whom Seattle had been named. The following year he earned his first medal from the National Photographic Convention for his "genre studies."

In 1899, Edward Curtis joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as official photographer, a position which allowed him to learn from anthropologists C. Hart Merriam and George Bird Grinnell while documenting the landscapes and peoples of the Alaskan coast. This expedition and the resulting friendship with Grinnell helped to foster Curtis's ultimate goal to "form a comprehensive and permanent record of all the important tribes of the United States and Alaska that still retain to a considerable degree their primitive customs and traditions" (General Introduction, The North American Indian). Curtis made several trips to reservations from 1900 to 1904, including a trip with Grinnell to Montana in 1900 and multiple trips to the Southwest, including the Hopi Reservation. He also hired Adolph Muhr, former assistant to Omaha photographer Frank A. Rinehart, to manage the Curtis studio in his absence, a decision which would prove more and more fruitful as Curtis spent less and less time in Seattle.

In 1906, Curtis struck a deal with financier J. P. Morgan, whereby Morgan would support a company – The North American Indian, Inc. – with $15,000 for five years, by which time the project was expected to have ended. Systematic fieldwork for the publication began in earnest that summer season, with Curtis accompanied by a team of ethnological researchers and American Indian assistants. Arguably the most important member of Curtis' field team was William Myers, a former newspaperman who collected much of the ethnological data and completed most of the writing for the project. The first volume, covering Navajo and Apache peoples, was published at the end of 1907, but already Morgan's funding was incapable of meeting Curtis's needs. Despite heaping praise from society's elite, Curtis spent much of his time struggling to find people and institutions willing to subscribe to the expensive set of volumes. After the initial five years, only eight of the proposed twenty volumes had been completed. Fieldwork and publication continued with the support of J. P. Morgan, but Curtis's home life suffered because of his prolonged absences.

In 1919, Curtis's wife Clara was awarded a divorce settlement which included the entire Curtis studio in Seattle. Exhausted and bankrupt, Edward Curtis moved with his daughter Beth Magnuson to Los Angeles, where they operated a new Curtis Studio and continued work on the volumes; volume 12 was published in 1922. The constant financial strain forced Myers to leave the North American Indian team after volume 18 (fieldwork in 1926) and Curtis made his last trip to photograph and gather data for volume 20 in 1927. After the final volumes were published in 1930, Curtis almost completely faded from public notice until his work was "rediscovered" and popularized in the 1970s.

Curtis's "salvage ethnology," as scholar Mick Gidley describes it, was mildly controversial even during his life and has become ever more so as his legacy deepens. In his quest to photograph pre-colonial Indian life through a twentieth-century lens, he often manipulated and constructed history as much as he recorded it: he staged reenactments, added props, and removed evidence of twentieth-century influences on "primitive" life. Curtis's work continues to shape popular conceptions of American Indians and so, while problematic, his legacy--his vision of American Indian life--continues to be relevant.
Related Materials:
NMAI also holds Edward Curtis photographs documenting the Harriman Expedition (1899) as well as platinum prints and photogravures of the images published in The North American Indian.

The Smithsonian Institution, National Anthropological Archives holds Edward Curtis prints submitted for copyright (Photo Lot 59) as well as many of his original negatives, photographs, and papers.

Steve Kern donated photogravure plates to the Center for Creative Photography and the Seattle Art Museum at the same time that he donated this set to MAI.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Steven and Arlene Kern to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1984.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Salish Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photogravures
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.080
See more items in:
Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-080
Additional Online Media:

Shell Necklace

Donor Name:
Miss Awona W. Harrington  Search this
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Object Type:
Necklace
Place:
Not Given, Del Norte County / Smith River Area, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1970-Apr-22
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
288476
USNM Number:
E411731-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8442413
Additional Online Media:

Hat

Donor Name:
Miss Awona W. Harrington  Search this
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Object Type:
Hat
Place:
Not Given, Del Norte County / Smith River Area, California, United States, North America
Accession Date:
1970-Apr-22
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
288476
USNM Number:
E411735-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8442417
Additional Online Media:

Portrait of Male Shaman, Headman of Mestethlun Village, In Woman's Dress with Nose Plug, Dentalium Shell Beads, Collar Necklace of Beads and Coins, Dance Apron Fringed with Thimble Tinklers, and Woven Cap 1910

Creator:
Endert, Fred  Search this
Creator:
Meredith, H. C. ? (Collector)  Search this
Physical description:
1 photoprint 004 in x 005 in mounted on 004 in x 005 in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1910
Local number:
NAA INV 01508400
NAA MS 4422
OPPS NEG 81-2130
See more items in:
Photographs of American Indians and Other Subjects 1840s-1960s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_30616

Division of Ethnology Manuscript and Pamphlet File

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History Department of Anthropology Division of Ethnology  Search this
Mason, Otis Tufton 1838-1908  Search this
Hough, Walter 1859-1935  Search this
Williams, Talcott  Search this
Hawley, Edwin H  Search this
Wilson, Thomas  Search this
Physical description:
41 linear feet
Culture:
Baubi  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Innuit  Search this
Jamomadi  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Mission Indians  Search this
Moro  Search this
Naltunnetunne  Search this
Pygmies  Search this
Tesuque  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Modoc Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Dyak  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Haida Indians  Search this
Makah Indians  Search this
Maya  Search this
Carib  Search this
Jivaro  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Micmac Indians  Search this
Seminole Indians  Search this
Nanticoke Indians  Search this
Seri Indians  Search this
Pomo Indians  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Washo Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Cuna  Search this
Bannock Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Cochiti Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Hupa Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Iroquois Onondaga  Search this
Maidu Indians  Search this
Oto Indians  Search this
Tolowa  Search this
Wintun  Search this
Samoan  Search this
Cossacks  Search this
Arabs  Search this
Diegueño Indians  Search this
Goajira  Search this
Hittites  Search this
Kabyles  Search this
Kirghese  Search this
Luiseño Indians  Search this
Maori (New Zealand people)  Search this
Mataco  Search this
Narragansett Indians  Search this
Parsee  Search this
Quichua  Search this
Quinaielt  Search this
Tonga  Search this
Tulalip Indians  Search this
Dayak (Indonesian people)  Search this
Samoans  Search this
Indians of North America California  Search this
Wintu Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America Northeast  Search this
Onondaga Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Quinault Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America Southwest, New  Search this
Inuit  Search this
Indians of North America Southern States  Search this
Type:
Letters
Notes
Drawings
Maps
Photographs
Printed materials
Processed materials
Paper specimens
Reports
Manuscripts
Catalogs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Bibliographies
Place:
British Columbia
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Lace and lace making  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Seal industry  Search this
Electric apparatus and appliances  Search this
Fish and fisheries  Search this
First Ladies' Gowns  Search this
Whaling  Search this
Religions  Search this
Armor  Search this
Biblical studies  Search this
See more items in:
Manuscript and pamphlet file 1870s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_3135

John Peabody Harrington papers: Southwest Oregon Athapascan, 1942

Creator:
Harrington, John Peabody 1884-1961  Search this
Physical description:
2.71 linear feet (8 boxes)
Culture:
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Tututni Indians  Search this
Yukichetunne  Search this
Coquille Indians  Search this
Coos Indians  Search this
Tolowa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Field notes
Nomenclature
Vocabulary
Narratives
Place:
Siletz Indian Reservation (Or.)
Oregon
California
Date:
1942
Topic:
Athapascan languages  Search this
Coquille language  Search this
Chastacosta language  Search this
Coos language  Search this
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Names, Ethnological  Search this
Names, Geographical  Search this
Ethnobotany  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Local number:
Accession #1976-95
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions on access
Contact the repository for terms of use
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington papers: Alaska/Northwest Coast, 1910, 1933-1957
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_363331
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Literature, Folklore--Religion--History, Biographical Historical, Narrative--Games--Names--Botany--Zoology--Vocabularies  Search this
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001244
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81644
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001245
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81645
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001246
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81646
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001247
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81647
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001248
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81648
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001249
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81649
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001250
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81650
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001251
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81651
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001252
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81652
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001253
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81653
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001254
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81654
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001255
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81655
Additional Online Media:

Tolowa Sound Recording n.d

Collector:
Marr, John Paul  Search this
Informant:
Smith, Lucy  Search this
Physical description:
1 disc 18in
Culture:
Tolowa  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Date:
nd
Topic:
Tolowa--Vocabularies  Search this
Language and languages--Documentation  Search this
Local number:
NAA INV 00001256
See more items in:
John Peabody Harrington Sound Recordings 1920s-1950s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_81656
Additional Online Media:

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