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Sand paintings

Artist:
Klah-Tso  Search this
Extent:
31 Paintings
Culture:
Navajo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Paintings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Reproductions of sand paintings by a Navajo medicine man. Twenty-eight of them are traditional sand paintings; four are secular paintings. They are described individually in the NAA art work inventory.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 138501
Local Note:
Tempera on brown cloth
Other Archival Materials:
For notes on the sand paintings, please see Manuscripts 3924-a and 3924-b.
Topic:
Sandpaintings  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Citation:
NAA MS 138501, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS138501
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms138501
Additional Online Media:

MS 2932 Notes on sign language and miscellaneous ethnographic notes on Plains Indians

Creator:
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
He Dog  Search this
Red Feather  Search this
Whirling  Search this
Addressee:
Wissler, Clark, 1870-1947  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bruguiere, Johnnie, 1849-1898  Search this
Petalesharo, 1797-1836  Search this
Extent:
4 Boxes
2,736 Items (2,736 pages)
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
American Indian -- Digger Indians  Search this
Flathead  Search this
Gros Ventre Indians (Montana)  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Atsina Indians  Search this
Bannock Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Slave  Search this
Chipewyan Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Sarsi Indians  Search this
Kiowa Apache Indians  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Ponka  Search this
Yampa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Kootenai Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1934
Scope and Contents:
Much of this material is relevant to the Dakotas. Includes: miscellaneous notes on Dakota history, bands, and sign for "Dakota," Autograph Document. Approximately 100 pages. (Box 2); account of the Battle of Little Big Horn by He Dog, Red Feather, and Whirling, Autograph Document. 7 pages. (Box 3); "The Custer Battle with the Sioux, Autograph Document. 10 pages. (Box 3); notes on sign language in general, its history and distribution, Autograph and Typescript Document, 1 box (Box 4).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2932
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Sign language  Search this
Marriage and family -- Berdache  Search this
Weapons -- bow  Search this
Dance -- calumet  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies  Search this
Zoology -- Buffalo  Search this
Dance -- grass  Search this
War -- Battle of Little Bighorn  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Names, place  Search this
Dance -- Ghost dance  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Religion -- soul, concept of  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Ute  Search this
White River (Parusanuch and Yampa)  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Assiniboin  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Plains Apache  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Sarcee  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Kootenai  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Assiniboin  Search this
Plains Apache  Search this
Sarcee  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Kutenai  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Salish Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2932, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2932
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2932
Additional Online Media:

James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West

Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
United States. Army  Search this
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Crook, George, 1829-1890  Search this
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Hickok, Wild Bill, 1837-1876  Search this
Juárez, Benito, 1806-1872  Search this
Kinman, Seth  Search this
Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Richard, Louis  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Spotted Tail, 1823-1881  Search this
Photographer:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882  Search this
Eaton, E. L. (Edric L.), b. ca. 1836  Search this
Ebell, Adrian J. (Adrian John), 1840-1877  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.)  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Pywell, Wm. R. (William Redish), 1843-1886  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Extent:
4 Tintypes
3 Chromolithographs
3 Lithographs (3 chalk-manner lithographs)
1 Print (photogravure)
118 Pages (Scrapbook)
685 Prints (circa, albumen)
80 Items (circa 80 relief prints (including woodcuts and wood engraving))
30 Items (circa 30 intaglio prints (including etchings and engravings))
Culture:
Apache Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Cherokee Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
Gros Ventre Indians (Montana)  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Modoc Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Omaha Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Tintypes
Chromolithographs
Lithographs
Prints
Pages
Photographs
Newspapers
Woodcuts
Place:
Mexico
Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
California
Oregon
Fort Davis (Tex.)
New Mexico
Fort Snelling (Minn.)
Arizona
Texas
San Juan Pueblo (N.M.)
Zuni (N.M.)
Kansas
Colorado
Date:
circa 1863-1900
Summary:
Scrapbook entitled "Our Wild Indians in Peace and War: Surveys, Expeditions, Mining and Scenery of the Great West," compiled by James E. Taylor, possibly as a source for his own illustrations.
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbook entitled "Our Wild Indians in Peace and War: Surveys, Expeditions, Mining and Scenery of the Great West," compiled by James E. Taylor, possibly as a source for his own illustrations. The album includes photographs (mostly albumen with three tintypes), newsclippings, wood engravings, and lithographs, some of which are reproductions of Taylor's own illustrations and paintings. Photographs depict American Indians, US Army soldiers and scouts, historical sites, forts, and scenery. Some were made on expeditions, including the Hayden and Powell surveys, and created from published stereographs. Many of Taylor's illustrations are signed, and some are inscribed with dates and "N. Y." The scrapbook also includes clippings from newspapers and other written sources relating to illustrations and photographs in the album.
Biographical Note:
James E. Taylor (1839-1901) was an artist-correspondent for Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper from 1863-1883. Born in Cincinatti, Ohio, he graduated from Notre Dame University by the age of sixteen. Taylor enlisted in the 10th New York Infantry in 1861 and the next year was hired by Leslie's Illustrated newspaper as a "Special Artist" and war correspondent. In 1864 he covered the Shenandoah Valley campaign, and was later one of the illustrator-correspondents at the 1867 treaty negotiations at Medicine Lodge, Kansas. He soon earned the moniker "Indian Artist" because of his vast number of drawings of American Indians. In 1883 Taylor retired from Leslie's to work as a freelance illustrator. Colonel Richard Irving Dodge used Taylor's drawings to illustrate his memoir, "Our Wild Indians: Thirty-three Years' Personal Experience among the Red Men of the Great West" (1882).
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4605
Related Materials:
The National Anthropolgical Archives holds additional photographs by photographers represented in this collection (including original negatives for some of these prints), particularly in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 87.

Additional photographs by Whitney, Gardner, and Barry held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 80-18.

Julian Vannerson and James E. McClees photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4286.

Pywell photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4498.

O'Sullivan photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 4501.

Additional Hillers photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 83-18 and Photo Lot 87-2N.
Provenance:
Donated or transferred by John Witthoft from the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, April 14, 1961.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Church buildings  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Dance  Search this
White River Massacre, Colo., 1879  Search this
Painting  Search this
Washita Campaign, 1868-1869  Search this
Mormon Church -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Newspapers
Woodcuts
Tintypes
Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4605
Additional Online Media:

Posters of Indian art from the Indian Court in the Federal Building at the Golden Gate International Exposition

Creator:
Siegriest, 1899-1989  Search this
Work Projects Administration  Search this
Artist:
Siegriest, 1899-1989  Search this
Names:
Golden Gate International Exposition (1939-1940 : San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
Extent:
7 posters
Culture:
Navajo Indians  Search this
Pomo Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Eskimos  Search this
Haida -- blanket design  Search this
American Indian -- Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Posters
Drawings
Date:
1939
Scope and Contents:
Titles: "Antelope Hunt from a Navaho Drawing, New Mexico;" "Pomo Indian Basket, California;" "Apache Devil Dancer from an Indian Painting, Arizona;" "Pueblo Turtle Dancers from an Indian Painting, New Mexico;" "Eskimo Mask, Western Alaska;" "Blanket Design of the Haida Indians, Alaska;" and "From an Indian Painting on Elkskin, Great Plains."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4883
Local Note:
The Word "Siegriest" appears on all the posters; it is perhaps the name of the artist who did the silk-screen posters.
Silkscreen on cardboard.
Topic:
Hunting -- Navaho  Search this
Basket making -- Pomo  Search this
Devil Dancer -- Apache  Search this
Turtle Dancer -- Pueblo  Search this
Masks -- Eskimo  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 4883, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4883
See more items in:
Posters of Indian art from the Indian Court in the Federal Building at the Golden Gate International Exposition
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4883
Additional Online Media:

MS 61 American Indian vocabularies and grammatical notes

Creator:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Informant:
Tyler, Leonard  Search this
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Taylor, Rubin  Search this
Indian N.E. of Agency  Search this
Indian names at Darlington  Search this
Petter, Rodolphe Charles, 1865-1947  Search this
Block, Philip, Darlington, Oklahoma  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883  Search this
Hawkins, Kish  Search this
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Magpie  Search this
Wolf Face (Cheyenne)  Search this
Bent, James  Search this
Bent, George, 1843-1918  Search this
Extent:
53 pages
Culture:
Cheyenne -- Southern  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Yankton Indians  Search this
Teton Indians  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Pages
Date:
1893
Scope and Contents:
From Leonard Tyler - text with interlinear translation, (Muihas or the Magpie) - 3 pages (No. 5-7). From David Pendleton (Making Medicine) - words - 4 1/2 pages. (No. 13-17). From Rubin Taylor - words and sentences - 3 pages. (No. 17-20). From Indian N.E. of Agency - words, 1/2 page. (No. 21). Names of Indians at Darlington - 6 names (page No. 21). Rudolph Petter - Collection of words - 2 pages (No. 22-23). Philip Block - Notes on different Indians by tribes - 1 page (No. 24). James Mooney - tribal names for the Cheyenne by the Yankton, Kiowa, Teton, Navajo and Arapaho. - 1/2 page. (No. 51)
Stephen R. Riggs - Dakota Grammar - extracts from. Approx. 20 pages. (Contributions Vol. IX (1893) ). Kish Hawkins - sentences - 3 pages. (No. 8-10). grammatical notes - 25 pages. (25-50). grammatical notes - 18 pages. (72-90). James Bent - Comparative Vocabulary of the Caddo, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Wichita - 1 page. (No. 90). Ditto - Arapaho and Cheyenne - 6 pages. (No. 91-96). Wolf Face - Notes on Cheyenne - 3 1/4 pages. (No. 97-100). Natural Philosophy - 3 pages. (No. 101-103). George Bent - list of personal names - 1 1/4 pages. (No.106-7).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 61
Place:
Darlington Oklahoma Territory
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Cheyenne language  Search this
Yankton dialect  Search this
Kiowa language  Search this
Navajo language  Search this
Arapaho language  Search this
Caddo language  Search this
Wichita language  Search this
Lakota dialect  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Arrapahoe  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 61, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS61
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms61
Additional Online Media:

Gary Auerbach portraits of Native American people

Creator:
Auerbach, Gary  Search this
Extent:
44 Prints (platinum)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Kickapoo Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Mescalero Indians  Search this
Siouan Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
Date:
1992-2003
Scope and Contents note:
Mostly individual and group portraits of Apache, Arapaho, Assiniboine, Delaware, Isleta, Kickapoo, Mescalero Apache, Navajo, San Carlos Apache, Sioux, Taos, and Tohono O'odham Indians. The collection also includes a self-portrait of Gary Auerbach and images of weavers, dancers, tipis, Canyon de Chelly, Taos Pueblo, and Taos cemetery. Additionally, there are biographical questionnaires and one autostereoscopic multidimensional platinum print.
Biographical Note:
Following a career as a chiropractor in Tuscon, Arizona, Gary Auerbach began working as a professional photographer in 1991. Concerned about the long-term permanence of his photographs, Auerbach taught himself the platinum printing process. Starting in 1992, Auerbach began photographing American Indians and published these photos, accompanied by biographical information and questionnaires from his subjects, in We Walk in Beauty.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 2004-13
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2004-13, Gary Auerbach portraits of American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2004-13
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2004-13
Additional Online Media:

Casey collection of lantern slides of the southwestern United States

Publisher:
Detroit Publishing Co.  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
United States. Bureau of Reclamation  Search this
Bond, George W.  Search this
Collector:
Casey  Search this
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
Donor:
Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949  Search this
Names:
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Extent:
81 lantern slides ((many tinted))
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
White Mountain Apache Indians  Search this
Acoma Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Laguna Indians  Search this
Jemez Indians  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Lantern slides
Place:
Carlsbad Caverns (N.M.)
Santa Fe (N.M.)
Date:
circa 1920s
Scope and Contents note:
Lantern slides depicting the people and landscape of the American Southwest. Images include those of Southwest Indians, dwellings and pueblos, churches, dances and ceremonies, excavations (including Pueblo Bonito and Neil M. Judd with his excavation party), pictographs, and landscapes. Tribes represented include Acoma, White Mountain Apache, Hopi (Mishongnovi), Laguna, Navajo, Taos, and Santa Clara Indians. The slides were largely commercially distributed by the George W. Bond, Chicago Slide Company, Chicago Transparency Company (for the Santa Fe Railroad), Detroit Slide Company, Edward H. Kemp, National Geographic Society, and United States Bureau of Reclamation. The collection was listed as the "Casey collection" by Father John Montgomery Cooper when it was brought to the museum.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 32, USNM ACC 211312
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional artifacts donated by the Department of Anthropology, Catholic University of America in accession 211312 held in the Department of Anthropology collections and in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 20.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Pueblos  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 32, Casey collection of lantern slides of the southwestern United States, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.32
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-32
Additional Online Media:

Carlos Montezuma lantern slide collection relating to American Indians

Creator:
Montezuma, Carlos, 1866-1923  Search this
Names:
Phoenix Indian School  Search this
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
Photographer:
Brady, Mathew B., approximately 1823-1896  Search this
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902  Search this
Gentile, Carlo, 1835-1893  Search this
Prando, Peter Paul Father  Search this
Sarony, Napoleon, 1821-1896  Search this
Extent:
171 lantern slides
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Maricopa Indians  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Yavapai Indians  Search this
Tohono O'Odham Indians  Search this
Mohave Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
lantern slides
Place:
Montezuma Castle National Monument (Ariz.)
Casa Grande (Ariz.)
Date:
circa 1871-1913
Scope and Contents note:
The collection includes hand-colored glass lantern slides collected by Dr. Carlos Montezuma and used for his lectures on American Indian rights. Many of the photographs are portraits, some made at Ft. McDowell and Fort Apache. Other images show schools, reservations, dwellings, Charles Dickens (a Yavapai store owner), Montezuma's Castle, Casa Grande, and scenic views. A special series includes photographs made during a 1913 hunting and sightseeing trip that he organized, probably including photographs made by Montezuma's guests, John T. McCutcheon and Charles B. Gibson.

Some of the images were made by Charles (Carlos) Gentile, the photographer and benefactor of Montezuma in his early years. There are also several by Father Peter Paulus Prando and John N. Choate, and one portrait each by Napoleon Sarony and Matthew Brady. Otherwise, the photographers are unidentified.
Biographical/Historical note:
Carlos Montezuma (1866-1923, also called Wassaja) was an American Indian activist and physician. He was a Yavapai Indian, though he often identified himself erroneously as Apache. He was captured by Pima Indians at a young age and sold in 1871 to Italian-immigrant and pioneer photographer Carlo (or Charles) Gentile, who adopted the child and took him to New York. Montezuma graduated from the University of Illinois (1884) and received his MD from the Chicago Medical College (1889). He developed a friendship with Richard Henry Pratt, head of the Carlisle Indian School, and took a post as reservation physician for the Bureau of Indian Services. During this time he developed an opposition to BIA policies and became an American Indian advocate, speaking out against reservations. He gave numerous lectures on American Indians at institutions around the United States, helped organize the Society of American Indians, and published a personal newsletter entitled Wassaja (1916-1922). In 1896, Montezuma established a medical practice in Chicago. He died in Arizona in 1923.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73
Varying Form of Title:
Carlos Montezuma-Doris Collester Collection of Lantern Slides
General note:
The handwriting on the slides has been identified as that of Dr. Carlos Montezuma by John Larner, the editor of Montezumaʹs papers. Information in this catalog record has been taken from Cesare Marino, Solving the Mystery: The Carlos Montezuma-Doris Collester Collection of Lantern Slides in the NAA : Report of Background Research and Interview with Mrs. Doris Collester, Donor of the Carlos Montezuma Collection of Hand-tinted Lantern Slides to the Smithsonian Institution, conducted in Williamstown, West Virginia, August 2013.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Correspondence from Montezuma is held in the National Anthropological Archives in the records of the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Carlos Montezuma's papers are held in the Newberry Library, Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections; Arizona State University Libraries, Charles Trumbull Hayden Library; and University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collections.
See others in:
Carlos Montezuma lantern slide collection relating to Arizona Indians, circa 1871-1913
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Dwellings  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 73, Carlos Montezuma lantern slide collection relating to Arizona Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73
Additional Online Media:

Ales Hrdlicka photograph collection relating to the Panama-California Exposition

Creator:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Names:
American Museum of Natural History  Search this
Royal College of Surgeons in London  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Extent:
595 Negatives (circa, glass and nitrate)
Culture:
Pueblo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Omaha Indians -- depicted  Search this
Osage Indians -- depicted  Search this
Jicarilla Indians -- depicted  Search this
Navajo Indians -- depicted  Search this
Teton Indians -- depicted  Search this
Hopi Indians -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Mongols -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
1912-1917
Scope and Contents note:
The bulk of the collection consists of photographs commissioned by Ales Hrdlicka for the Panama-California Exposition in San Diego, collected 1912-1914. They include front and profile portraits of Mongols in Urga, Mongolia, as well as Apache, Teton, Hopi, Navajo, Omaha, Osage, and Pueblo Indians. There are some full-length portraits of Apaches and views of Southwest Indian dwellings, activities, and a dance. Additionally, there are some images of United States National Museum exhibits and items from the USNM, American Museum of Natural History, and the Royal College of Surgeons in London, some of which were made by Hrdlicka in 1917.
Biographical/Historical note:
Ales Hrdlicka (1869-1943) was born in Czechoslovakia and came to the United States at the age of thirteen. Originally trained in medicine, he developed an interest in physical anthropology while working with the New York State hospitals and researching with the Department of Anthropology in the Pathological Institute of the New York State hospitals. Hrdlicka joined the Hyde Expeditions to the American Southwest and made his own expeditions to study physical characteristics of Southwest tribes. In 1903, he was appointed head of the United States National Museum's newly formed Division of Physical Anthropology.

In 1912, Hrdlicka planned and directed seven expeditions, gathering information that helped him prepare physical anthropology exhibits for the Panama-California Exposition at San Diego, California (1915). Hrdlicka hired sculptor Frank Micka to make busts of people from around the world to display in the exposition. While in the field making casts, Micka also took front and profile photographs of subjects. Hrdlicka made his own trip to photograph the people in Urga, Mongolia, making 360 images of Mongolians and some Tibetans for use in the exposition.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-26B
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs relating to the exposition, including prints of many of these negatives, are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 8, Photo Lot 9, and Photo Lot 88-25.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds the Ales Hrdlicka Papers ca. 1887-1943 and his photographs in Photo Lot 8, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 70, Photo Lot 78, Photo Lot 97, Photo Lot 73-26G, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 92-46.
Restrictions:
Nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-26B, Ales Hrdlicka photograph collection relating to the Panama-California Exposition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-26b
Additional Online Media:

William M. Pennington photographs of Navajo Indians

Photographer:
Pennington, William M.  Search this
Names:
Updike, Lisle, 1890-1970 (possible photographer)  Search this
Extent:
11 platinum prints
Culture:
Navajo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
platinum prints
Photographs
Date:
circa 1915-1925
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Navajo Indians, including individual portraits and images of Navajos in the desert with horses and a hogan.
Biographical/Historical note:
From 1908-1911, William M. Pennington and Lisle Updike operated the Pen-Dike Studio in Durango, Colorado. Pennington's main focus was studio portraiture while Updike took mostly landscape photographs. In 1911, Pennington bought out Updike's share in the studio and renamed it the Pennington Studio. Pennington and Updike worked together again in the early 1920s photographing Navajos in and around Shiprock, New Mexico; the photographs in this collection are likely from that assignment.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 82-2
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Pennington photographs can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 59.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 82-2, William M. Pennington photographs of Navajo Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.82-2
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-82-2
Additional Online Media:

Eugene O. Leonard photograph collection of Pocatello and Fort Hall, Idaho

Collector:
Leonard, Eugene O.  Search this
Publisher:
Albertype Co.  Search this
Cardinell-Vincent Co.  Search this
Detroit Photographic Co.  Search this
Detroit Publishing Co.  Search this
H.G. Zimmerman & Co.  Search this
J.L. Robbins Co.  Search this
Newman Postcard Co.  Search this
The Rotograph Co.  Search this
Union Pacific Railroad Company  Search this
Van Ornum Colorprint Co.  Search this
Andrews, Wesley  Search this
Mitchell, Edward H.  Search this
Tammen, Harry Heye, 1856-1924  Search this
Thayer, Frank S.  Search this
Photographer:
Bennett's Lightning Portraits  Search this
Eastman Kodak Company  Search this
Hedum and Bishop  Search this
Newcomb Bros.  Search this
Rodgers and Newing  Search this
Todd Photograhic Co.  Search this
William L. Koehne Studio  Search this
Ahuja, D. A.  Search this
Cobb, George N.  Search this
Gifford, Benjamin A.  Search this
Haynes, F. Jay (Frank Jay), 1853-1921  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
McEvoy, J. J.  Search this
Rise, Carl H., 1888-1939  Search this
Rothrock, George H.  Search this
Savage, C. R. (Charles Roscoe), 1832-1909  Search this
Vroman, A. C. (Adam Clark), 1856-1916  Search this
Weitfle, Charles, 1836-1921  Search this
Wrensted, Benedicte, 1859-1949  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Fort Hall Agency  Search this
Leonard, Robert M. (photo album compiler and donor)  Search this
Extent:
4 glass positives
6 prints and postcards (photogravure)
1 Tintype
100 Negatives (circa, glass)
220 copy prints (circa)
9 prints and postcards (cyanotype)
99 Items (99 photomechanical prints and postcards, halftone, color halftone, collotype, photgravure)
1,000 Negatives (circa, nitrate)
734 Photographic prints (circa, silver gelatin, albumen, and platinum (including photographic postcards and cabinet cards))
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Hopi Indians  Search this
Bannock Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Tewa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Glass positives
Prints and postcards
Tintypes
Negatives
Copy prints
Photographic prints
Postcards
Photographs
Place:
Soda Springs (Idaho)
Yellowstone National Park
Fort Hall Indian Reservation (Idaho)
Pocatello (Idaho)
Shoshone Falls (Idaho)
Date:
circa 1880-1920
Scope and Contents note:
Unbound album pages (labeled A through Q) with photographs documenting the people and culture of the Pocatello-Fort Hall area, including American Indians (particularly Shoshone-Bannock tribes), agency employees, and missionaries. Included are images of encampments, Sun Dance ceremonies, the Fort Hall Agency, Indian schools and churches, the Run for Fort Hall Lands on June 17, 1902, the War Bonnett Roundup at Idaho Falls, Shoshone Falls and other natural features and landscapes, a large number of street and aerial views of Pocatello, A. L. Cook's drug store in Pocatello, and members of the Cook family. In addition, there are photographs of Nez Perce, Hopi, San Juan, and Navaho Indians, and one image of the Lapps Indians at Port Townsend, Washington. A large number of the photographs were made by Benedicte Wrensted.

The albums were compiled by Robert Leonard, Eugene O. Leonard's son, who also made copy prints of many of the photographs and negatives. They include flyers, newspapers, envelopes, and other scraps collected by Leonard.
Biographical/Historical note:
Eugene O. Leonard (1884-1964) moved to Pocatello, Idaho, in 1893 to live with his aunt, the widow of A. L. Cook and owner of the Cook building and drugstore. Leonard attended Weiser College and Academy (now College of Idaho), Whitman College, and Northwestern University. He acquired degrees in phamacy and pharmaceutical chemistry from Northwestern University, and a degree in assaying studies from the Chicago College of Chemistry. After graduation from the College in 1908, Leonard returned to Pocatello to manage the Cook Drug Store until 1918. He worked as Pocatello City Chemist and set up the College of Pharmacy at Idaho State College, where he also taught and served as dean (1918-1954). In the 1930s, Leonard obtained a MS and PhD from Utah State University. Possibly encouraged by his collector aunt, Leonard established a collection of Indian material culture objects and documentations, including artifacts and these photograhs, based on his interest in the Shoshoni and Bannock Indians at nearby Fort Hall.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 92-3
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Idaho Museum of Natural History at Idaho State University holds artifacts collected by Eugene O. Leonard.
The Bannock County Historical Museum in Pocatello holds the Leonard Family Papers, 1893-1917.
Restrictions:
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing. Many have associated prints.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pharmacy  Search this
Sun Dance  Search this
Schools  Search this
Camps  Search this
Dance  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 92-3, Eugene O. Leonard photograph collection of Pocatello and Fort Hall, Idaho, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.92-3
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-92-3
Additional Online Media:

Ernest S. and Eloise Carter Collection

Creator:
Carter, Ernest S.  Search this
Carter, Eloise  Search this
Names:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Extent:
2415 slides (photographs)
855 negatives (photographic)
526 Photographic prints
0.85 Linear feet
Culture:
Ute  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Navajo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Hopi-Tewa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Slides (photographs)
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Photographs
Slides
Negatives (photographic)
Place:
Arizona
California
Nevada
Colorado
Utah
New Mexico
Date:
1947-1986
bulk 1964-1975
Summary:
The Ernest S. and Eloise Carter collection includes photographic prints, negatives and slides taken between 1950 and 1976 in the American Southwest, Mexico and Bolivia. The Carters were research associates for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between 1964 and 1975 and focused much of their research on petroglyphs and pictographs. In addition to photographic material there is also correspondence and documentation about the photographs in the collection.
Scope and Contents:
The Ernest S. and Eloise Carter collection includes photographic prints, negatives and slides taken between 1950 and 1976 in the American Southwest, Mexico and Bolivia as well as documentation and notes regarding their work. The bulk of the photographs and notes were made by the Carters from 1964 to 1976 while they were research associates for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. The Carters spent much of their time photographing and researching petroglyph and pictograph sites in Arizona, New Mexico, California and Nevada producing black and white and color negatives, color slides, and photographic prints that were sent back to the MAI along with maps, notes, and reports as they were completed.

Series 1: Photographs, 1950-1975, is organized into four separate subseries. Subseries 1.1 Mexico and Bolivia, Landscapes and People, 1950-1951, includes photographs taken in Bolivia, circa 1950-1951 and in Mexico in 1964. Although it is unclear where or not Ernest Carter took the Bolivia photographs himself or acquired them while he was traveling there, the photographic prints include landscape views and portraits shot in around the city of Potosí, Bolivia. The photographs shot in Mexico include black and white negatives Carters took at the Monte Alban and Mitla ruins in Oaxaca, Mexico in July, 1964. Subseries 1.2 US Southwest: Landscapes and Petroglyphs, 1964-1973, the largest group of materials in the collection, includes the bulk of the work done by the Carters for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. The subseries is arranged chronologically and then by location including sites in Arizona, New Mexico, California, Nevada and Utah. Both Eloise and Ernest shot photographs, though Eloise generally shot in black and white and Ernest in color. This subseries includes negatives, 5x7 and 35mm, slides, 120 and 35mm, and photographic prints of various sizes, some mounted. Images include wide shots of petroglyph, pictograph, and acorn grinding sites, close-ups of petroglyphs as well as landscape views.

The Carters were also prolific collectors of kachinas and other ethnographic objects from the Southwest. Subseries 1.3 Object Photography: Kachinas, Pottery, Baskets and Other Objects, 1967-1975 includes photographs of the Carter kachinas, pottery and basket collections as well as several photographs of the Carters in their home alongside their collections. Subseries 1.4: Educational Materials and Other Selected Studies, 1970-1973 includes photographs the Carters put together for use by the educational department. Mostly mounted prints and slides, these photographs generally were sent with specific descriptions and were selected to highlight the variations between the petroglyph sites. This subseries also includes "Pueblo Life and Work" a series of photographs shot by the Carters at Taos Pueblo, Ildenfonso Pueblo, Laguna Pueblo and Hopi Pueblo in 1973.

Series 2: Correspondence and Photograph Documentation, 1964-1987, includes correspondence and documentation about the photographs in the Carter collection. The majority of the correspondence is between Ernest Carter and Frederick Dockstader, director of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI), regarding the donation of photographs and objects from the Carters to the museum between 1964 and 1976. The correspondence also includes detailed expense records which document where the Carters where traveling when as well as when shipments of photographs and objects were being made through the years. The documentation includes detailed reports from the Carters research on petroglyphs, maps of various petroglyph sites, photograph lists with descriptions as well as drawings and notes.
Arrangement note:
This collection is arranged into two series. Series 1: Photographs, 1950-1976, is organized in four subseries. Subseries 1.1: Mexico and Bolivia, Landscapes and People, 1950-1951, 1964; Subseries 1.2: US Southwest: Landscapes and Petroglyphs, 1964-1973; Subseries 1.3: Object Photography: Kachinas, Pottery, Baskets and Other Objects, 1967-1975; Subseries 1.4: Educational Materials and Other Selected Studies, 1970-1973. These subseries are then arranged chronologically. Series 2: Correspondence and Photograph Documentation is arranged alphabetically and then by document number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Ernest Carter was born Ernest (Eryst of Eruie) Sigmund Schickler in Vienna, Austria in 1922. Following World War II, he left Europe for South America where he spent four years in the Andes on climbing expeditions. He changed his name from Schickler to Carter when he moved to the United States in 1951 and officially became an American citizen in 1957. Eloise Carter was born in Nebraka in 1928 and eventually became a dental assistant in the Bay Area, California, where she met and married Ernest around 1960. In 1964 Ernest and Eloise were made research associates of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation which began a long term relationship with the MAI. During this time the Carters traveled throughout California, Nevada and other location in the Southwest and Mexico to photograph petroglyphs and pictographs which were subsequently shipped to the Museum. They also collected objects which were donated to the MAI including baskets, pottery and kachinas among other items. Their relationship with the MAI tapered off after Frederick Dockstader left the museum in 1975. The Carters continued to travel and work with communities in the southwest and eventually settled in Mountain View, California.
Provenance:
Donated by Ernest and Eloise Carter between 1964-1975 with additional photographs donated in 1986.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Petroglyphs  Search this
Picture-writing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs
Slides
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ernest S. and Eloise Carter collection, Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.034
See more items in:
Ernest S. and Eloise Carter Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-034
Additional Online Media:

Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian

Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
96 photomechanical prints (photogravure proofs)
184 printing plates (copper printing plates)
Culture:
Twana Indians  Search this
Hoh  Search this
Walla Walla Indians  Search this
Wishram  Search this
Suquamish Indians  Search this
Skokomish Indians  Search this
Quinault Indians  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Tolowa Indians  Search this
Hupa Indians  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Squaxon  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Achomawi Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Yurok Indians  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Cayuse Indians  Search this
Northern Paiute Indians  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Kalispel Indians  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee)  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Denésoliné (Chipewyan)  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Serrano Indians  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Kupangaxwichem (Kupa/Cupeño)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Hualapai Indians  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Tohono O'Odham  Search this
Mojave  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Yokuts Indians  Search this
Chukchansi Yokuts  Search this
Southern Mewuk (Southern Miwok)  Search this
Wailaki Indians  Search this
Pomo Indians  Search this
Wappo Indians  Search this
Maidu Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photomechanical prints
Printing plates
Photogravures
Photographs
Date:
1899-1927
circa 1980
Summary:
The Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian include photogravure printing plates and associated proofs made from Curtis photographs and used in the publication of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The bulk of the images are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps.
Scope and Contents:
The collection comprises 183 photogravure plates (101 folio and 82 octavo) and 96 associated proofs used in the printing of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The original photographs used to make the photogravures were made circa 1903-1926 and the photogravure plates were made in 1907-1930. The bulk are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps. About half of the proofs in the collection are originals used for Curtis's publication, though the collection also includes proofs made in the process of later publication by the Classic Gravure Company (circa 1980). Vintage proofs include handwritten notes, likely made by Curtis Studio employees in Seattle and Los Angeles. Many of the photogravure plates do not have matching proofs; in particular, there are no proofs for the octavo plates.
Arrangement:
The plates and proofs are arranged by the volume of The North American Indian in which they were published. They are described in this finding aid by the caption and plate number with which they were published.
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Sheriff Curtis (1868-1952) was an American photographer best known for his monumental and now-controversial project, the twenty-volume publication The North American Indian. Here he sought to document in words and pictures the "vanishing race" of American Indians.

Born in Wisconsin in 1868, Edward Curtis grew up on his family's farm in Le Sueur County, Minnesota, from 1874 to 1887. In 1887, he and his father Johnson Curtis settled on a plot near what is now Port Orchard, Washington, and the rest of the family joined them the following year. When Johnson Curtis died within a month of the family's arrival, the burden of providing for his mother and siblings fell to 20-year-old Edward, and Edward set out to do so through his photography. In 1891, Curtis moved to the booming city of Seattle and bought into a joint photo studio with Rasmus Rothi. Less than a year later, he formed "Curtis and Guptill, Photographers and Photoengravers" with Thomas Guptill; the enterprise quickly became a premier portrait studio for Seattle's elite. In 1895, Curtis made his first "Indian photograph" depicting Princess Angeline, daughter of the chief for whom Seattle had been named. The following year he earned his first medal from the National Photographic Convention for his "genre studies."

In 1899, Edward Curtis joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as official photographer, a position which allowed him to learn from anthropologists C. Hart Merriam and George Bird Grinnell while documenting the landscapes and peoples of the Alaskan coast. This expedition and the resulting friendship with Grinnell helped to foster Curtis's ultimate goal to "form a comprehensive and permanent record of all the important tribes of the United States and Alaska that still retain to a considerable degree their primitive customs and traditions" (General Introduction, The North American Indian). Curtis made several trips to reservations from 1900 to 1904, including a trip with Grinnell to Montana in 1900 and multiple trips to the Southwest, including the Hopi Reservation. He also hired Adolph Muhr, former assistant to Omaha photographer Frank A. Rinehart, to manage the Curtis studio in his absence, a decision which would prove more and more fruitful as Curtis spent less and less time in Seattle.

In 1906, Curtis struck a deal with financier J. P. Morgan, whereby Morgan would support a company – The North American Indian, Inc. – with $15,000 for five years, by which time the project was expected to have ended. Systematic fieldwork for the publication began in earnest that summer season, with Curtis accompanied by a team of ethnological researchers and American Indian assistants. Arguably the most important member of Curtis' field team was William Myers, a former newspaperman who collected much of the ethnological data and completed most of the writing for the project. The first volume, covering Navajo and Apache peoples, was published at the end of 1907, but already Morgan's funding was incapable of meeting Curtis's needs. Despite heaping praise from society's elite, Curtis spent much of his time struggling to find people and institutions willing to subscribe to the expensive set of volumes. After the initial five years, only eight of the proposed twenty volumes had been completed. Fieldwork and publication continued with the support of J. P. Morgan, but Curtis's home life suffered because of his prolonged absences.

In 1919, Curtis's wife Clara was awarded a divorce settlement which included the entire Curtis studio in Seattle. Exhausted and bankrupt, Edward Curtis moved with his daughter Beth Magnuson to Los Angeles, where they operated a new Curtis Studio and continued work on the volumes; volume 12 was published in 1922. The constant financial strain forced Myers to leave the North American Indian team after volume 18 (fieldwork in 1926) and Curtis made his last trip to photograph and gather data for volume 20 in 1927. After the final volumes were published in 1930, Curtis almost completely faded from public notice until his work was "rediscovered" and popularized in the 1970s.

Curtis's "salvage ethnology," as scholar Mick Gidley describes it, was mildly controversial even during his life and has become ever more so as his legacy deepens. In his quest to photograph pre-colonial Indian life through a twentieth-century lens, he often manipulated and constructed history as much as he recorded it: he staged reenactments, added props, and removed evidence of twentieth-century influences on "primitive" life. Curtis's work continues to shape popular conceptions of American Indians and so, while problematic, his legacy--his vision of American Indian life--continues to be relevant.
Related Materials:
NMAI also holds Edward Curtis photographs documenting the Harriman Expedition (1899) as well as platinum prints and photogravures of the images published in The North American Indian.

The Smithsonian Institution, National Anthropological Archives holds Edward Curtis prints submitted for copyright (Photo Lot 59) as well as many of his original negatives, photographs, and papers.

Steve Kern donated photogravure plates to the Center for Creative Photography and the Seattle Art Museum at the same time that he donated this set to MAI.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Steven and Arlene Kern to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1984.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Salish Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photogravures
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.080
See more items in:
Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-080
Additional Online Media:

Ann Bromberg photograph collection

Photographer:
Bromberg, Ann  Search this
Names:
Begay, Dorothea  Search this
Extent:
5 photographs (20 x 24 inches)
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
photographs
Photographs
Place:
New Mexico
Date:
1996
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 5 gelatin silver prints that were shot by photographer Ann Bromberg on the To'hajilee (Canoncito) Reservation, N.M. in 1996. The photographs depict informal, outdoor portraits of Diné (Navajo) sheepherder Dorothea Begay and include photographs of Begay posing with her sheep herd, walking outdoors, and standing next to an enclosed sheep corral or pen. Photographs from this collection were part of the traveling exhibition Ranch Women of New Mexico that ran from 1996-2011. All five prints are signed by Ann Bromberg.
Arrangement:
5 photographs organized in 1 box.
Biographical / Historical:
Ann Bromberg is a professional photographer and independent filmmaker. Born in New Mexico, Bromberg has exhibited her work internationally and her photographs are in the permanent collections of the New Mexico History Museum, the Santa Fe History Museum, and the Roswell Art Museum to name a few.

Dorothea Begay was born and raised just west of Albuquerque, New Mexico in the To'hajilee (Canoncito) band of Diné (Navajo) community. Begay was 78 years old and working as a sheep herder when Bromberg shot the photographs in the collection.
Related Materials:
Other Ann Bromberg photographs from her Ranchwomen of New Mexico series are in the New Mexico History Museum in Santa Fe, N.M.
Provenance:
Donated by Ann Bromberg in 2013.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Sheep ranches  Search this
Livestock  Search this
Herders -- New Mexico  Search this
Herding  Search this
Indians of North America -- New Mexico -- Photographs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ann Bromberg photograph collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.088
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-088
Additional Online Media:

Warren Buxton photograph collection

Photographer:
Buxton, Warren F., 1929-  Search this
Artist:
Wynne, Bruce  Search this
Extent:
69 Photographic Prints
24 slides (photographs) (glass)
32 slides (photographs)
Culture:
Spokane  Search this
Baffinland Inuit (Baffinland Eskimo)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic Prints
Slides (photographs)
Photographic prints
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Washington (State)
Arizona
Qikiqtaaluk Region (Nunavut)
New Mexico
Baffin Island (Canada)
Date:
1949-1981
Scope and Contents:
The Warren Buxton photograph collection includes photographic prints and slides made by Buxton in three different Native Communities. Series 1: Bruce Wynne (Spokane) and Family, 1965-1981, includes photographic prints of Spokane Artist and Leader Bruce Wynne and his family in Wellpinit, Washington. Series 2: U.S. Air Force Weather Station, Padloping Island (Baffinland Inuit), 1949-1950, makes up the bulk of the collection and includes black and white photographic prints and color slides from when Buxton was stationed at Padloping Island. Images in this series highlight the Baffinland Inuit islanders who worked with the USAF crew at the weather station and includes portraits as well as event images. Series 3: Diné (Navajo) Sheep Camp, New Mexico or Arizona and Hopi Potter, 1970-1979, includes photographic prints Buxton took of Diné (Navajo) shepherds and their families at a sheep camp in the 1970s as well as a photograph of Hopi potter Emma Adams.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in three series. Series 1: Bruce Wynne (Spokane) and Family, 1965-1981 [P32262-P32238] Series 2: U.S. Air Force Weather Station, Padloping Island, 1949-1950 [P32269-P32311, S04820-S04875], and Series 3: Diné (Navajo) Sheep Camp, New Mexico or Arizona and Hopi Potter, 1970-1979 [P32312-P32330]. The photographs were left in the order that they were originally cataloged in.
Biographical / Historical:
Warren F. Buxton was born in 1929 in Arlington, Massachusetts, the third child to Frank Everett and Gertrude Marie Arendt Buxton. During World War II while a junior in high school he was hired by the Metallurgy Department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as a laboratory assistant to replace a young man just drafted into the service. Buxton enlisted in the Air Force in 1948, at age 19, and was trained as a meteorologist and climatologist. From 1949-1950 Warren served a year in a remote outpost at the Padloping Island Weather station in the Canadian Arctic. He then served three years at Frankfurt-am-Main Germany and one year with NATO headquarters in Naples, Italy.

Warren met his future wife Josephine "Jo" while both were serving in the United States Air Force in Frankfurt, Germany where she was secretary to a general in the counter intelligence department. They were married there in 1954. After both electing to take discharges in 1956, Buxton joined Tran World Airlines as a High Altitude Wind Route Specialist serving in Kansas City Missouri and at Idlewild Airport (now JFK International Airport) in New York City. In the meantime, Jo had been hired by Sinclair Oil Company as an accounting assistant. On Warren's transfer to New York, she received a promotion and was transferred to Sinclair's Headquarters there.

In 1959 Warren returned to college at the University of Missouri at Kansas City where he received his baccalaureate degrees in Mathematics and Master of Arts in Business and Educational Education. In 1963 Buxton was hired by Phoenix College in Arizona to teach their first courses in data processing and serve as interim manager of the new data processing center. When Maricopa Technical College (now Gateway Community College) was added to the district's system he asked to transfer to that site to set up a vocational program in data processing and to serve as Director of Data Processing for the college district. During this time Jo volunteered with both the Heard Museum and the Friends of Mexican Art. Warren in the meantime was elected to serve as Secretary of the newly formed Mexican Chamber of Commerce. During a sabbatical leave in 1972 Warren received his PhD in the Administration of Higher Education from Arizona State University.

In 1986, Buxton transferred to Paradise Valley Community College where he served as a faculty member teaching Computer Information Systems. He served in that capacity until his retirement in 2002. Following Jo's death in 1996, Buxton donated their art collection to Maricopa Community College. In 2004 paintings by Bruce Wynne as well as photographs taken by Buxton were donated to the National Museum of the American Indian.

Biographical information formerly found on the Maricopa Community College website (http://www2.pvc.maricopa.edu/buxton/started.html). Edits by Rachel Menyuk, processing archivist.
Separated Materials:
Warren Buxton also donated seven paintings by Bruce Wynne (Spokane) to the NMAI which can now be found in the Modern and Contemporary Arts collection with catalog numbers 26/5016-26/5022.
Provenance:
Gift of Warren Buxton, 2004.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Topic:
Sealing  Search this
United States Air Force  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Slides (photographs)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Warren Buxton photograph collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.104
See more items in:
Warren Buxton photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-104
Additional Online Media:

General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs

Collector:
Grier, William Nicholson, General, 1812-1885  Search this
Photographer:
Wolfenstein, V (Valentin), 1844-1909  Search this
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902  Search this
Extent:
0.03 Linear Feet
10 Photographic Prints
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Dakota (Eastern Sioux)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photographic Prints
Date:
1868-1884
Summary:
The General William Nicholson Grier photograph collection contains 10 photographs that Grier collected related to his service with the US Army (1835-1870). The photographs include depictions of Carlisle Indian School students circa 1879-1884 and portraits of the 1868 Navajo Treaty signers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of 10 photographs that were collected by General William Nicholson Grier (1812-1885) related to his service with the US Army (1835-1870). The collection includes 6 photographs of Carlisle Indian School students and visitors that were photographed by photographer John N. Choate circa 1879-1884, and one portrait of Chief Standing Bear (also known as Mochunozhi or Ma-chu-nu-zhe).

The most significant photographs in this collection are three albumen prints shot by Valentin Wolfenstein between March and June 1868. Photograph P20819 depicts an outdoor portrait most likely of the Navajo Treaty signers at Fort Sumner, New Mexico. This photograph is one of only two known photographs depicting this scene (the other copy is at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology).
Biographical / Historical:
William Nicholson Grier was born on June 11, 1812 in Northumberland, Pennsylvania. After graduating from West Point U.S. Military Academy in New York, he served as a Major of the 2nd U.S. Regular Cavalry during the Civil War and later as a Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st U.S. Regular Cavalry. Throughout his 35 year military career, Grier served in a number of capacities. His posts included serving at Fort Carlisle, Pennsylvania from April 1866 to April 1868, where he was Superintendent of Mounted Recruiting Service and was promoted to Colonel of the 3rd Cavalry. He then served as Commander at Fort Union in New Mexico from July 12, 1868 to May 1870. Grier retired on Dec. 15, 1870. He passed away on July 8, 1885 in Napa City, California and was buried in Northumberland, PA.

Between 1863 and 1866, the U.S. Army forced almost 12,000 Diné (Navajo) people from their ancestral homelands and relocated them 400 miles away to Fort Sumner, Bosque Redondo Reservation in New Mexico. On June 1, 1868, General William T. Sherman and Colonel Samuel F. Tappen met in Fort Sumner with Diné (Navajo) leaders led by Chief Barboncito to negotiate a treaty to allow the Diné (Navajo) to return to their ancestral homelands.

Valentin Wolfenstein, a Swedish-American photographer, was at Fort Sumner, New Mexico from March to July of 1868 and photographed the events before and after the Navajo Treaty signing. The Diné (Navajo) set of photographs in this collection have been attributed to many different photographers over the years, but Wolfenstein is believed to be the original photographer. Based on an excerpt from his journal, a few scholars believed that Wolfenstein could have sold his photographic equipment and photographs to Nicholas Brown, and this belief, along with later reprinting of the Barboncito portrait, may have led to some misattribution of Wolfenstein's work to N. Brown and Son and the Browns' work to Wolfenstein.

John Nicholas Choate (1848-1902) was the official photographer of the Carlisle Indian School from the school's founding in 1879 to his death in 1902. The Carlisle Indian School was the first non-reservation government-supported Indian school. Choate sold his photographs as a series of cabinet cards, cartes-de-visite, and stereographs.

It is likely that Grier collected the Diné (Navajo) photographs when he served at Fort Union in New Mexico, immediately following the 1868 Navajo Treaty. Presumably, Grier collected the Carlisle Indian School photographs in this collection after his retirement from the U.S. Army, in connection to his service at Fort Carlisle.
Related Materials:
The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also holds photographs related to the Navajo Treaty signing shot by Valentin Wolfenstein.

The National Anthrolopogical Archives also holds photographs shot by Valentin Wolfenstein and glass plate negatives shot by John N. Choate.
Separated Materials:
Gerneral William Nicholson Grier's grandson Robert C. Campbell also donated objects to NMAI in 1963 (NMAI Catalog numbers 232812-232855). These objects were collected by Grier during his military career.
Provenance:
Collected by General William Nicholson Grier (1812-1885) during his service with the US Army (1835-1870); inherited by his daughter, Anna Grier Campbell (1848-ca. 1915) and then by her son Robert C. Campbell (1891-1966); donated to Museum of the American Indian by Robert C. Campbell in 1963 in memory of his grandfather.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs, Photograph Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.126
See more items in:
General William Nicholson Grier collection of photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-126
Additional Online Media:

Kiowa dictionary

Collector:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Collection Artist:
Murphy, Charles (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sweezy, Carl, 1881-1953  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (volume. 166 pages )
Culture:
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Ledger drawings
Date:
n.d
Scope and Contents:
Kiowa linguistic notes and lengthy vocabulary. List of personal names, 1 page. Mescal [peyote] origin story; Navaho and Comanche mescal story, 1 page.
Arrangement:
Subgroup
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2531 Vol. 4
Album Information:
MS 2531-04 000
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2531, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2531 James Mooney notebooks principally regarding Kiowa, Cheyenne, and Arapaho shield and tipi designs
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2531-ref6

Anonymous Arapaho drawing of warrior with shield and lance charging a group of enemies, probably Navaho or Pueblo

Collection Collector:
McDonald, David N.  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite and colored pencil, 20 x 32 cm.)
Culture:
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1880
Scope and Contents:
Numbered page 42.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08673900

NAA MS 4452-a2
Album Information:
NAA MS 4452A2 025
Topic:
Navaho  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4452-a, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Two books of Cheyenne and Arapaho drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4452a-ref73

Anonymous Cheyenne drawing of Cheyenne killing and scalping two Navahos

Extent:
1 drawing (colored pencil and graphite, 19 x 32 cm.)
Culture:
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1880s
Scope and Contents:
Inscription at foot reads: "Cheyenne kills and scalps 2 Navaho Indians."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08698400

NAA MS 4653
Varying Form of Title:
Inscription at foot: Cheyenne kills and scalps 2 Navaho Indians
Album Information:
MS 4653 057
Topic:
Navaho  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4653, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of drawings by anonymous Cheyenne artists
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4653-ref57

Kachina, Pakwabi (Zuni Warrior) Wearing Mask with Buckskin War Bonnet, in Navaho Costume, and Carrying Bow, And Arrows Drawing

Creator:
Kutca-Honauu?  Search this
Homovi?  Search this
White Bear (Hopi)  Search this
Winuta (Hopi)  Search this
Collector:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Collection Collector:
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Collection Artist:
Homovi Hopi  Search this
Kutcahonauu Hopi  Search this
Winuta (Hopi)  Search this
White Bear (Hopi)  Search this
Extent:
1 item (leaf , 008 in x 011 in)
Culture:
Hopi  Search this
Zuni Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1899
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08547416

NAA MS 4731
Local Note:
Published: Fewkes, Jesse Walter "Hopi Kachinas Drawn by Native Artists" (NM Nov 1899-Mar 1900); BAE 21st AR; Wash, 1903; Pl XLVI, P 107-108
Colored pencil graphite and Watercolor drawing in album
Place:
New Mexico
Topic:
Navaho  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4731, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Codex Hopiensis, Hopi Kachinas
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4731-ref127

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