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Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist

Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
36 drawings (19 leaves, graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Scope and Contents:
Bound volume of drawings containing pictures of individual men and animals, and scenes of warfare and ceremony. One of two similar handbound volumes received as part of the Hazen collection (see also MS154064B).
Biographical / Historical:
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 154064 A

USNM ACC 25748
Local Note:
Original identification of these books as Sioux has been changed as the style of dress, body decoration, and hair are not consistent with that tribe. They are consistent with an identification as Arikara made by Candace Greene in 2004. During the 1870s many Arikara men enlisted as scouts with the US Army and a number were posted at Fort Buford during the time that the collector was there. Both books contain pictures of friendly encounters with Army officers, and one (08510521) depicts an Indian scout in uniform.
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 000
Provenance:
Hazen, Mildred McLean
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS154064A
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms154064a
Additional Online Media:

Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist

Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
32 drawings (17 leaves, graphite and colored pencil, 11 x 19 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Scope and Contents:
Bound volume of drawings containing pictures of individual and scenes of warfare, hunting, domestic activities, and ceremony. One of two similar handbound volumes received as part of the Hazen collection (see also MS 154064A).
Biographical / Historical:
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 154064 B
Local Note:
Original identification of these books as Sioux has been changed as the style of dress, body decoration, and hair are not consistent with that tribe. They are consistent with an identification as Arikara made by Candace Greene in 2004. During the 1870s many Arikara men enlisted as scouts with the US Army and a number were posted at Fort Buford during the time that the collector was there. Both books contain pictures of friendly encounters with Army officers, and one (08510521) depicts an Indian scout in uniform.
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064B 000
Provenance:
Hazen, Mildred McLean
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Citation:
Manuscript 154064B, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS154064B
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms154064b
Additional Online Media:

MS 1585 Research notes complied by A.S. Gatschet

Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Maya  Search this
Aztec  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Peoria Indians  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Menomoni  Search this
Ottawa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Menominee Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Words and lists of days, months and years and other time divisions, approximately 100 pages. (includes Maya, Aztec, etc.) Color adjectives, 8 pages. Totemic clans of all tribes, 37 pages. Personal names (Chiefs, etc.), 25 pages. (Personal names of "Knisteneaux or Crees, Shawnee, Crow, Dakota, Arikaras, Cheyennes, Blackfeet, Piegan, Menomoni, Peoria, Otawa, Sauk").
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1585
General:
Previously titled "Texts."
Topic:
Color and dyes  Search this
Time -- divisions  Search this
Totems and totem poles -- totemic clans  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Shawnee Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Dakota Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Menominee language  Search this
Peoria Indians  Search this
Ottawa Indians  Search this
Sauk Indians  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Odawa  Search this
Illinois  Search this
Sauk & Fox  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Sauk & Fox  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1585, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1585
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1585
Additional Online Media:

MS 2932 Notes on sign language and miscellaneous ethnographic notes on Plains Indians

Creator:
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
He Dog  Search this
Red Feather  Search this
Whirling  Search this
Addressee:
Wissler, Clark, 1870-1947  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
Bruguiere, Johnnie, 1849-1898  Search this
Petalesharo, 1797-1836  Search this
Extent:
4 Boxes
2,736 Items (2,736 pages)
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Cheyenne Indians  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
American Indian -- Digger Indians  Search this
Flathead  Search this
Gros Ventre Indians (Montana)  Search this
Hopi  Search this
Kiowa Indians  Search this
Navajo Indians  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Mandan Indians  Search this
Arikara Indians  Search this
Hidatsa Indians  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Crow Indians  Search this
Comanche Indians  Search this
Nez Percé Indians  Search this
Shoshoni Indians  Search this
Arapaho Indians  Search this
Atsina Indians  Search this
Bannock Indians  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Pawnee Indians  Search this
Delaware Indians  Search this
Slave  Search this
Chipewyan Indians  Search this
Caddo Indians  Search this
Assiniboine Indians  Search this
Sarsi Indians  Search this
Kiowa Apache Indians  Search this
Piegan Indians  Search this
Ponka  Search this
Yampa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Ponca Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Kootenai Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
1934
Scope and Contents:
Much of this material is relevant to the Dakotas. Includes: miscellaneous notes on Dakota history, bands, and sign for "Dakota," Autograph Document. Approximately 100 pages. (Box 2); account of the Battle of Little Big Horn by He Dog, Red Feather, and Whirling, Autograph Document. 7 pages. (Box 3); "The Custer Battle with the Sioux, Autograph Document. 10 pages. (Box 3); notes on sign language in general, its history and distribution, Autograph and Typescript Document, 1 box (Box 4).
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2932
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Sign language  Search this
Marriage and family -- Berdache  Search this
Weapons -- bow  Search this
Dance -- calumet  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Rituals, formulas and ceremonies  Search this
Zoology -- Buffalo  Search this
Dance -- grass  Search this
War -- Battle of Little Bighorn  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Names, place  Search this
Dance -- Ghost dance  Search this
American Indian  Search this
Religion -- soul, concept of  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Navaho  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Ute  Search this
White River (Parusanuch and Yampa)  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Assiniboin  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Plains Apache  Search this
Blackfoot  Search this
Sarcee  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Kootenai  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Assiniboin  Search this
Plains Apache  Search this
Sarcee  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Kutenai  Search this
Blackfeet  Search this
Salish Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2932, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2932
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2932
Additional Online Media:

MS 4166 Letter to John R. Swanton enclosing typed copies of reports on the Alabama, Koasati, and Muscogee Indians of Texas

Collector:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Creator:
Philips, W. C. (William Copeland), 1823-1906  Search this
Whiteside, Samuel M., Capt.  Search this
Foreman, Grant, 1869-1953  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (/2 1/2 pages)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Koasati Indians  Search this
Pima Indians  Search this
Maricopa Indians  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Muscogee  Search this
Creek Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Also Report on same tribes dated February 6, 1870, signed by Samuel M. Whiteside, Capt. 6, Cav. Bvt. Major, USA., 5 pages; and Report on the Pimas, Maricopas and Arikaras, 1874, 1 page, concerning efforts to interest these tribes in removing to Indian Territory.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4166
Topic:
Migration -- Pima  Search this
Migration -- Maricopa  Search this
Migration -- Arikara  Search this
Alibamu  Search this
Creek (Muskogee)  Search this
Pima (Akimel O'odham)  Search this
Pima (Akimel O'odham)  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4166, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4166
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4166
Additional Online Media:

Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian

Photographer:
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Extent:
96 photomechanical prints (photogravure proofs)
184 printing plates (copper printing plates)
Culture:
Twana Indians  Search this
Hoh  Search this
Walla Walla Indians  Search this
Wishram  Search this
Suquamish Indians  Search this
Skokomish Indians  Search this
Quinault Indians  Search this
Quileute  Search this
Apache Indians  Search this
Tolowa Indians  Search this
Hupa Indians  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Squaxon  Search this
Mewuk (Miwok)  Search this
Achomawi Indians  Search this
Klamath Indians  Search this
Yurok Indians  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Cayuse Indians  Search this
Northern Paiute Indians  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Kalispel Indians  Search this
Spokan  Search this
Yakama Indians  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Tsuu T'ina (Sarcee)  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Denésoliné (Chipewyan)  Search this
Cree Indians  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Tewa Pueblos  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Serrano Indians  Search this
Washoe (Washo)  Search this
Kutzadika'a (Mono Paiute)  Search this
Kupangaxwichem (Kupa/Cupeño)  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
Hualapai Indians  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Tohono O'Odham  Search this
Mojave  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Wichita Indians  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Osage Indians  Search this
Yokuts Indians  Search this
Chukchansi Yokuts  Search this
Southern Mewuk (Southern Miwok)  Search this
Wailaki Indians  Search this
Pomo Indians  Search this
Wappo Indians  Search this
Maidu Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Photomechanical prints
Printing plates
Photogravures
Photographs
Date:
1899-1927
circa 1980
Summary:
The Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian include photogravure printing plates and associated proofs made from Curtis photographs and used in the publication of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The bulk of the images are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps.
Scope and Contents:
The collection comprises 183 photogravure plates (101 folio and 82 octavo) and 96 associated proofs used in the printing of The North American Indian volumes 1-9 and 12-19. The original photographs used to make the photogravures were made circa 1903-1926 and the photogravure plates were made in 1907-1930. The bulk are portraits, though there are also images of everyday items, ceremonial artifacts, and camps. About half of the proofs in the collection are originals used for Curtis's publication, though the collection also includes proofs made in the process of later publication by the Classic Gravure Company (circa 1980). Vintage proofs include handwritten notes, likely made by Curtis Studio employees in Seattle and Los Angeles. Many of the photogravure plates do not have matching proofs; in particular, there are no proofs for the octavo plates.
Arrangement:
The plates and proofs are arranged by the volume of The North American Indian in which they were published. They are described in this finding aid by the caption and plate number with which they were published.
Biographical / Historical:
Edward Sheriff Curtis (1868-1952) was an American photographer best known for his monumental and now-controversial project, the twenty-volume publication The North American Indian. Here he sought to document in words and pictures the "vanishing race" of American Indians.

Born in Wisconsin in 1868, Edward Curtis grew up on his family's farm in Le Sueur County, Minnesota, from 1874 to 1887. In 1887, he and his father Johnson Curtis settled on a plot near what is now Port Orchard, Washington, and the rest of the family joined them the following year. When Johnson Curtis died within a month of the family's arrival, the burden of providing for his mother and siblings fell to 20-year-old Edward, and Edward set out to do so through his photography. In 1891, Curtis moved to the booming city of Seattle and bought into a joint photo studio with Rasmus Rothi. Less than a year later, he formed "Curtis and Guptill, Photographers and Photoengravers" with Thomas Guptill; the enterprise quickly became a premier portrait studio for Seattle's elite. In 1895, Curtis made his first "Indian photograph" depicting Princess Angeline, daughter of the chief for whom Seattle had been named. The following year he earned his first medal from the National Photographic Convention for his "genre studies."

In 1899, Edward Curtis joined the Harriman Alaska Expedition as official photographer, a position which allowed him to learn from anthropologists C. Hart Merriam and George Bird Grinnell while documenting the landscapes and peoples of the Alaskan coast. This expedition and the resulting friendship with Grinnell helped to foster Curtis's ultimate goal to "form a comprehensive and permanent record of all the important tribes of the United States and Alaska that still retain to a considerable degree their primitive customs and traditions" (General Introduction, The North American Indian). Curtis made several trips to reservations from 1900 to 1904, including a trip with Grinnell to Montana in 1900 and multiple trips to the Southwest, including the Hopi Reservation. He also hired Adolph Muhr, former assistant to Omaha photographer Frank A. Rinehart, to manage the Curtis studio in his absence, a decision which would prove more and more fruitful as Curtis spent less and less time in Seattle.

In 1906, Curtis struck a deal with financier J. P. Morgan, whereby Morgan would support a company – The North American Indian, Inc. – with $15,000 for five years, by which time the project was expected to have ended. Systematic fieldwork for the publication began in earnest that summer season, with Curtis accompanied by a team of ethnological researchers and American Indian assistants. Arguably the most important member of Curtis' field team was William Myers, a former newspaperman who collected much of the ethnological data and completed most of the writing for the project. The first volume, covering Navajo and Apache peoples, was published at the end of 1907, but already Morgan's funding was incapable of meeting Curtis's needs. Despite heaping praise from society's elite, Curtis spent much of his time struggling to find people and institutions willing to subscribe to the expensive set of volumes. After the initial five years, only eight of the proposed twenty volumes had been completed. Fieldwork and publication continued with the support of J. P. Morgan, but Curtis's home life suffered because of his prolonged absences.

In 1919, Curtis's wife Clara was awarded a divorce settlement which included the entire Curtis studio in Seattle. Exhausted and bankrupt, Edward Curtis moved with his daughter Beth Magnuson to Los Angeles, where they operated a new Curtis Studio and continued work on the volumes; volume 12 was published in 1922. The constant financial strain forced Myers to leave the North American Indian team after volume 18 (fieldwork in 1926) and Curtis made his last trip to photograph and gather data for volume 20 in 1927. After the final volumes were published in 1930, Curtis almost completely faded from public notice until his work was "rediscovered" and popularized in the 1970s.

Curtis's "salvage ethnology," as scholar Mick Gidley describes it, was mildly controversial even during his life and has become ever more so as his legacy deepens. In his quest to photograph pre-colonial Indian life through a twentieth-century lens, he often manipulated and constructed history as much as he recorded it: he staged reenactments, added props, and removed evidence of twentieth-century influences on "primitive" life. Curtis's work continues to shape popular conceptions of American Indians and so, while problematic, his legacy--his vision of American Indian life--continues to be relevant.
Related Materials:
NMAI also holds Edward Curtis photographs documenting the Harriman Expedition (1899) as well as platinum prints and photogravures of the images published in The North American Indian.

The Smithsonian Institution, National Anthropological Archives holds Edward Curtis prints submitted for copyright (Photo Lot 59) as well as many of his original negatives, photographs, and papers.

Steve Kern donated photogravure plates to the Center for Creative Photography and the Seattle Art Museum at the same time that he donated this set to MAI.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Steven and Arlene Kern to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, in 1984.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Salish Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Pictorial works  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photogravures
Photographs
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.080
See more items in:
Edward S. Curtis photogravure plates and proofs for The North American Indian
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-080
Additional Online Media:

Anonymous Arikara drawing of hunter dragging home game

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510501

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 001
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref1

Anonymous Arikara drawing of man with face paint and war club, identified by name glyph

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510510

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 010
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref10

Anonymous Arikara drawing of man with face paint and pipe, identified by name glyph

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510511

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 011
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref11

Anonymous Arikara drawing of man with face paint, fan, and quilled buffalo robe, identified by name glyph

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510512

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 012
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref12

Anonymous Arikara drawing of man with face paint and pipe, identified by name glyph

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510513

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 013
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref13

Anonymous Arikara drawing of man with face paint and bow, identified by name glyph

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510514

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 014
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref14

Anonymous Arikara drawing of man with face paint approaching stand of trees

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510515

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 015
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref15

Anonymous Arikara drawing of ceremony, with two men outside a painted tipi

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Scope and Contents:
One man depicted holding a drum, the other with rattle and feathered pipestem.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510516

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 016
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref16

Anonymous Arikara drawing of man on horseback with feathered headdress

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510517

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 017
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref17

Anonymous Arikara drawing of two women carrying a pole supporting two kettles, probably containing food

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510518

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 018
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref18

Anonymous Arikara drawing of courting couple wrapped in single blanket

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510519

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 019
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref19

Anonymous Arikara drawing of hunter carrying rifle and game

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510502

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 002
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref2

Anonymous Arikara drawing of ceremonial figure

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Scope and Contents:
Drawing depicts man with full body paint holding snake, feather, and bell.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510520

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 020
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref20

Anonymous Arikara drawing of Indian scout in U.S. Army uniform, identified by name glyph, meeting with bearded Army officer

Collection Collector:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887  Search this
Extent:
1 drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper, 12 x 20 cm.)
Culture:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
ca. 1875
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08510521

NAA MS 154064A
Place:
United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford
Album Information:
MS 154064A 021
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms154064a-ref21

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