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Ruth Landes papers

Correspondent:
Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Wallis, Ruth Sawtell, 1895-1978  Search this
Wagley, Charles, 1913-1991  Search this
Lopez, Salvador  Search this
Little, Kenneth  Search this
Wilson, Maggie  Search this
Whitecloud, Thomas St. Germain  Search this
Henry, Jules, 1904-1969  Search this
Hellman, Ellen  Search this
Haugen, Einar  Search this
Gough, Kathleen  Search this
Lewis, Oscar  Search this
Kaberry, Phyllis Mary, 1910-  Search this
Imes, Elmer Samuel, 1883-1941  Search this
Strong, William Duncan, 1899-1962  Search this
Steyn, Anna F.  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1879-1962  Search this
Solecki, Ralph S.  Search this
Sparta, Francisco  Search this
Rubin, Joan  Search this
Rubin, Vera  Search this
Rodnick, David  Search this
Rogers, Edward S.  Search this
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980  Search this
Roberts, Robert W.  Search this
Ramo, Arthur  Search this
Richards, Audrey  Search this
Preston, Richard J.  Search this
Verger, Pierre  Search this
Vennum, Thomas  Search this
Topash, Mary  Search this
Topash, Joe  Search this
Teskey, Lynn  Search this
Taylor, Beryl  Search this
Tanner, Helen Hornbeck  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Quain, Buell H. (Buell Halvor), 1912-1939  Search this
Dunning, William  Search this
Douglas, William A.  Search this
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991  Search this
Edmondson, Munro S.  Search this
Black, Mary B.  Search this
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948  Search this
Domengeaux, James  Search this
Feldman, Albert G.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Gacs, Ute  Search this
Franklin, John Hope  Search this
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997  Search this
Erickson, Vincent O.  Search this
Falk, Minna R.  Search this
Faitlovitch, V.  Search this
Alberto Torres, Heloisa  Search this
Buck, Pearl  Search this
Bruce, Harold E.  Search this
Borri, Rina  Search this
Boggs, Stephen Taylor  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M. (Conrad Maynadier), 1910-1997  Search this
Baldus, Herbert  Search this
Barnouw, Victor  Search this
Bateson, Mary Catherine  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Malherbe, E.G.  Search this
Marks, Eli S.  Search this
Masha, Louise  Search this
Maslow, Will  Search this
Masquat, Joseph M.  Search this
Mayer, Kurt B.  Search this
McWilliams, Carey  Search this
Bunche, Ralph J.  Search this
Carneiro, Edison  Search this
Chilver, E. M.  Search this
Chilver, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
Colson, Elizabeth F.  Search this
Daveron, Alexander  Search this
Lowenfeld, Margaret, 1890-1973  Search this
Officer, James E.  Search this
Odum, Howard W.  Search this
Park, Alice  Search this
Paredes, Anthony  Search this
Paton, Alan  Search this
Park, George  Search this
Prado, Idabel do  Search this
Peschel, Keewaydinoquay M.  Search this
Merwe, Hendrik W. van der  Search this
Murphy, Robert Francis  Search this
Messing, Simon D.  Search this
Neumann, Anita  Search this
Nef, Evelyn Stefansson  Search this
Nocktonick, Louise  Search this
Neumann, Walter  Search this
Creator:
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Names:
Columbia University Research in Contemporary Cultures  Search this
Committee on Fair Employment Practices  Search this
Fisk University  Search this
Johnson, Charles S.  Search this
Landes, Ruth, 1908-1991  Search this
Park, Robert E.  Search this
Extent:
26.5 Linear feet ((63 document boxes and 1 oversized box))
Culture:
Ojibwa Indians  Search this
African American  Search this
Potowatomi  Search this
Santee Indians  Search this
African  Search this
Acadians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Jews -- American  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Latinos -- California  Search this
Brazilians  Search this
Basques  Search this
American Indians  Search this
Dakota -- Santee  Search this
Afro-Brazilians  Search this
Africans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Place:
Quebec -- bilingualism
United Kingdom -- colored immigration
South Africa
Date:
1928-1992
Summary:
Most of Ruth Landes's papers relate directly or indirectly to Landes's American Indian research, her work in Brazil, and her study of bilingualism. There is also a considerable amount of material that relates to her experiences (sometimes fictionalized) at Fisk University. There is only small amount of material related to her other interests. Her collection also has material of and relating to the Brazilian folklorist and journalist Edison Carneiro. There is also noteworthy material concerning Herbert Baldus, Ruth Benedict, Elmer C. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, and Robert E. Park. There is a large amount of printed and processed materials in the collection, mainly in the form of newspaper clippings and a collection of scholarly papers.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is mainly comprised of the professional papers of Ruth Schlossberg Landes. Included are correspondence, journals, published and unpublished manuscripts of writings, research materials including field notes and reading notes, photographs, drawings, scholarly papers and publications by other scholars, and clippings from newspapers and periodicals.

Landes's field research on Candomblé in Brazil is well-represented in this collection, consisting of her field journals, writings, and photographs. Also present are Maggie Wilson's stories that were the basis for Landes's The Ojibwa Woman. Unfortunately, Landes was unable to locate her journals for her early research with the Ojibwa/Chippewa, Potawatomi, and Dakota. There are, however, field photographs of the Ojibwa/Chippewa and Potawatomi in the collection. There is also a great deal of her research on groups, especially minorities, in multilingual states with particular focus on the French of Quebec, Basques of Spain and the United States, Boers and Blacks of South Africa, the several socio-linguistic groups of Switzerland, and Acadians (Cajuns) of Louisiana. In the collection are several drafts of her unpublished manuscript on bilingualism, "Tongues that Defy the State." There is also a small amount of material about Black Jews of New York and considerable material about Landes's experience among African Americans when she taught briefly at Fisk University, including her unpublished manuscript "Now, at Athens," containing fictional and autobiographical accounts of her time at Fisk.

Reflections of other facets of Landes's professional activities are also included. Some materials concern her teaching activities, and there is also documentation of her work with the Fair Employment Practices Commission (a federal government agency during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt) and a similar private organization which immediately succeeded the FEPA; Gunnar Myrdal's research into the plight of African Americans ("The Negro in America"); the Research in Contemporary Cultures project at Columbia University; and the American Jewish Congress.

Among Landes's correspondents are Ruth Benedict, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Ralph Bunche, Herbert Baldus, Edison Carneiro, Sally Chilver, Frances Densmore, Sol Tax, Elmer S. Imes, Charles S. Johnson, Robert E. Park, and Hendrik W. van der Merwe.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: (1) Correspondence, 1931-1991; (2) Research Materials, circa 1930s-1990; (3) Writings, circa 1930s-1990; (4) Teaching Materials, 1935-1975, undated; (5) Biographical and Personal Files, 1928-1988; (6) Graphic Materials, 1933-1978, undated
Biographical Note:
Ruth Schlossberg Landes was born on October 8, 1908 in New York City. Her father was Joseph Schlossberg, an activist in the Yiddish labor socialist community and one of the founders of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. She studied sociology at New York University (B.A. 1928) and social work at the New York School of Social Work, Columbia University (M.S.W. 1929). While in graduate school, Landes studied Black Jews in Harlem for her master's thesis, a topic that developed her interests in anthropology.

After graduating in 1929, she worked as a social worker in Harlem and married Victor Landes, a medical student and son of family friends. Their marriage ended after two years when she enrolled in the doctoral program in anthropology at Columbia against her husband's wishes. She kept his surname due to the stigma of being a divorced woman.

At Columbia, Landes studied under Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict, her main advisor. Under the guidance of Benedict, Landes moved away from further study of African Americans to focus on Native American communities. Upon Benedict's suggestion, Landes studied the social organization of the Ojibwa in Manitou Rapids in Ontario from 1932 to 1936 for her Ph.D. fieldwork. Her dissertation, Ojibwa Sociology, was published in 1937. Landes also contributed "The Ojibwa of Canada" in Cooperation and Competition among Primitive Peoples (1937), a volume edited by Margaret Mead. In 1938, Landes published Ojibwa Women (1938), a book written in collaboration with Maggie Wilson, an Ojibwa interpreter and informant.

In addition to studying the Ojibwa in Ontario, Landes also conducted fieldwork with the Chippewa of Red Lake, Minnesota in 1933, working closely with shaman or midé Will Rogers. Her book, Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin (1968) was based largely on her research with Rogers and Maggie Wilson. In 1935 and 1936, she undertook fieldwork with the Santee Dakota in Minnesota and the Potawatomi in Kansas. Like Ojibwa Religion and the Midéwiwin, her books on the Santee Dakota and Potawatomi were not published until several years later—The Mystic Lake Sioux: Sociology of the Mdewakantonwan Sioux was published in 1968 while The Prairie Potawatomi was published in 1970. In between her field research in the 1930s and the publication of The Prairie Potawatomi, Landes returned to Kansas to study the Potawatomi in the 1950s and 1960s.

Landes's plan to continue her studies with the Potawatomi in 1937 changed when Benedict invited her to join a team of researchers from Columbia University in Brazil. Landes was to conduct research on Afro-Brazilians in Bahia, Brazil, while Walter Lipkind, Buell Quain, and Charles Wagley studied indigenous people in the Amazons. To prepare for her research, Landes was at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee in 1937 and 1938 to consult with Robert Park and Donald Pierson and to use the university's library collections of African and African American materials. During that time, Landes also held a teaching position at Fisk and lived in the non-segregated women's residence on campus. Landes later wrote "Now, at Athens," an unpublished memoir containing fictional and true accounts of her experiences at Fisk.

From 1938 to 1939, Landes conducted fieldwork on the role of Afro-Brazilian women and homosexuals in the Candomblé religion in Bahia, Brazil. Unable to move freely by herself in Brazil as a single woman, Landes was accompanied by Edison Carneiro, a Bahian journalist and folklorist. With Carneiro as her companion, Landes was allowed access to rituals and people that would have been closed off to her otherwise. Due to her association with Carneiro, a member of the Brazilian Communist Party, Landes was suspected of being a communist and was forced to leave Bahia early. Publications from her research in Brazil include "A Cult Matriarchate and Male Homosexuality" (1940) and City of Women (1947). She returned to Brazil in 1966 to study the effects of urban development in Rio de Janeiro. In 1967, a Portuguese translation of City of Women was published, a project that Carneiro had commissioned as the first director of the Ministry of Education and Culture's Special National Agency for the Protection of Folklore.

Landes returned to New York in 1939, working briefly as a researcher for Gunnar Myrdal's study of African Americans. Unable to obtain a permanent position at a university, she worked in several other short term positions throughout most of her career. During World War II, Landes was a research director for the Office of the Coordinator for Inter-American Affairs (1941) and consultant for President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Fair Employment Practices Committee on African American and Mexican American cases (1941-44). In 1945, Landes directed a program created by Pearl S. Buck and a group of interdenominational clergy to analyze pending New York anti-discrimination legislation. She moved to California the following year to work for the Los Angeles Metropolitan Welfare Council on a study of race and youth gangs. After her contract ended, she moved back to New York and was hired as a contract researcher for the American Jewish Congress (1948-50). She also participated in Columbia University's Research in Contemporary Cultures (1949-51), studying Jewish families. She coauthored with Mark Zborowski, "Hypothesis concerning the Eastern European Jewish Family." From 1951 to 1952, Landes spent a year in London, funded by a Fulbright fellowship to study colored colonial immigrants and race relations in Great Britain.

After her fellowship ended, Landes returned to the United States and held short term appointments at several universities. She taught at the William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution in New York (1953-54), the New School for Social Research in New York (1953-55), University of Kansas (1957, 1964), University of Southern California (1957-62), Columbia University (1963), Los Angeles State College (1963), and Tulane University (1964). At Claremont Graduate School, Landes helped to develop and direct the Claremont Anthropology and Education Program (1959-62).

It was not until 1965 that Landes obtained a permanent faculty position at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario; she was recruited for the position by Richard Slobodin. Due to Ontario's age retirement law, Landes was forced to retire in 1973 at the age of 65. She continued to teach part-time until 1977, when she became professor emerita.

Landes passed away at the age of 82 on February 11, 1991.

Sources Consulted

Cole, Sally. 2003. Ruth Landes: A Life in Anthropology. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.

Chronology

1908 October 8 -- Born Ruth Schlossberg in New York City

1928 -- B.A. in sociology, New York University

1929 -- M.S.W., New York School of Social Work, Columbia University

1929-1931 -- Social worker in Harlem Married to Victor Landes

1929-1934 -- Studied Black Jews in Harlem

1931 -- Began graduate work in anthropology at Columbia University

1932-1936 -- Studied the Ojibwa in Ontario and Minnesota (in field periodically)

1933-1940 -- Research Fellow, Columbia University

1935 Summer-Fall -- Studied the Santee Sioux (Dakota) in Minnesota

1935-1936 -- Studied the Potawatomi in Kansas

1935 -- Ph.D., Columbia University

1937 -- Instructor, Brooklyn College

1937-1938 -- Instructor, Fisk University

1938-1939 -- Studied Afro-Brazilians and Candomblé in Brazil, especially at Bahia

1939 -- Researcher on Gunnar Myrdal's study, "The Negro in America"

1941 -- Research Director, Office of Inter American Affairs, Washington, D.C.

1941-1945 -- Representative for Negro and Mexican American Affairs, Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), President Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration

1944 -- Interim Director, Committee Against Racial Discrimination, New York

1946-1947 -- Researcher, study of Mexican American youth, gangs, and families, Los Angeles Metropolitan Council

1948-1951 -- Researcher, American Jewish Congress, New York

1949-1951 -- Research consultant, study on Jewish families in New York for Research in Contemporary Cultures Project, Columbia University

1951-1952 -- Fulbright Scholar, to study colored colonial immigration into Great Britain

1953-1954 -- Lecturer, William Alanson White Psychiatric Institution, New York

1953-1955 -- Lecturer, New School for Social Research, New York

1956-1957 -- Married to Ignacio Lutero Lopez

1957 Summer -- Visiting Professor, University of Kansas

1957-1958 -- Visiting Professor, University of Southern California

1957-1965 -- Consultant, California agencies (Department of Social Work, Bureau of Mental Hygiene, Department of Education, Public Health Department) and San Francisco Police Department

1958-1959 -- Director, Geriatrics Program, Los Angeles City Health Department

1959-1962 -- Visiting Professor and Director of Anthropology and Education Program, Claremont Graduate School

1962 -- Extension Lecturer, University of California, Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley

1963 -- Extension Lecturer, Columbia University Extension Lecturer, Los Angeles State College

1963-1965 -- Consultant, International Business Machines (IBM)

1964 January-June -- Visiting Professor, Tulane University

1964 Summer -- Field work with Potawatomi in Kansas Professor, University of Kansas

1965-1975 -- Professor at McMaster University

1966 -- Studied urban development in Rio de Janeiro

1968-1975 -- Studied bilingualism and biculturalism in Spain, Switzerland, South Africa, United States, and Canada (in Spain and the United States concentrated on Basques)

1975 -- Became part-time faculty member at McMaster University

1977 -- Professor Emerita, McMaster University

1978 -- Award of Merit from the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay

1991 February 11 -- Died in Hamilton, Ontario

1991 -- Establishment of the Ruth Landes Memorial Research Fund at Research Institute for the Study of Man (RISM)
Related Materials:
Correspondence from Ruth Landes can be found in the William Duncan Strong Papers, the Leonard Bloomfield Papers, and MS 7369. The Ruth Bunzel Papers contains a copy of a grant application by Landes.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Ruth Landes in 1991.
Restrictions:
The Ruth Landes papers are open for research. The nitrate negatives in this collection have been separated from the collection and stored offsite. Access to nitrate negatives is restricted due to preservation concerns.

Access to the Ruth Landes papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Midéwiwin  Search this
Bilingualism  Search this
Aging  Search this
Candomblé (Religion)  Search this
Citation:
Ruth Landes papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1991-04
See more items in:
Ruth Landes papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1991-04
Additional Online Media:

Richard Lynch Garner photographs of Africans and apes

Creator:
Garner, R. L. (Richard Lynch), 1848-1920  Search this
Extent:
49 lantern slides
Culture:
Africans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Lantern slides
Lantern slides
Photographs
Place:
Africa
Date:
circa 1892-1910
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of apes, apparently those used by Garner in his experiments, as well as African people, villages, and plantlife. The collection also includes a few charts comparing the mental capabilities of apes and man, as well as maps of Africa; this suggests that the slides were used for lectures. The slides may have been used by Garner in his lecture entitled "The Land of Monkeys."
Biographical/Historical note:
Richard Lynch Garner (1848-1920) was a scholar of primate behavior who studied how apes communicate through vocalizations. He began his research at zoos in 1884, employing sound recordings to study the monkeys' sounds and test reactions. In 1892, he began to study apes in their natural habitat in the Ogawai River region in central Africa. He spent time in an elevated cage among chimpanzees and gorillas as his studies expanded, observing general primate behavior as well as communication. While in Africa, he also observed the local people and wrote articles about their customs and circumstances.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 81-58A
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Richard Lynch Garner papers, 1891-1941.
Garner sent African artifacts to the Department of Anthropology in accession 36893.
Artifacts from the Collins-Garner Congo Expedition can be found in the Department of Anthropology in accessions 62237 and 64018.
Notes and papers by Garner can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in the John Peabody Harrington papers, the Ales Hrdlicka papers, and the records of the Department of Anthropology.
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the expedition history of the Collins-Garner Congo Expedition in the Interests of the Smithsonian Institution (SIA AH00413).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Dwellings -- Africa  Search this
Primatology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lantern slides
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 81-58A, Richard Lynch Garner photographs of Africans and apes, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.81-58A
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-81-58a
Additional Online Media:

Ancestral Shrine, Royal Palace, Benin City, Nigeria

Extent:
1 albumen print (cabinet print, 12.7 x 17.8 cm. (5 x 7 inches) (without mount))
Container:
Box 1
Culture:
Africa  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Albumen prints
Cabinet prints
Albumen prints
Date:
1891 May
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Nigeria  Search this
Altars  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cabinet prints
Albumen prints
Identifier:
EEPA.1993-014, Item EEPA 1993-0014
See more items in:
Ancestral Shrine, Royal Palace, Benin City, Nigeria
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1993-014-ref507

Honeywell Calendar 1962

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Advertiser:
Honeywell  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Culture:
Africans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Calendars
Cartoons (humorous images)
Date:
1962
Scope and Contents:
Honeywell Calendar 1962, Month of March. Cartoon of two Africans beating on drums and speaking to workers of the "Modern Communications Incorporated." Caption: "--And Tell Them to Send Us a New Set of Tubes and Two More Technicians."
Arrangement:
Box No. 6, Folder No. 4.
Local Numbers:
040060138.tif (AC Scan No.: image for March)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Business history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Calendars
Cartoons (humorous images) -- 1940-1980
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Calendars
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-calendars-ref552

Children's World Restaurant [menu]

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Advertiser:
Childrens World Restaurant  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Culture:
Mexicans  Search this
Dutch  Search this
Irish  Search this
Scottish  Search this
Africans  Search this
Asians  Search this
Canadians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Menus
Date:
New York., Allied Printing
Scope and Contents:
Approx. a dozen pairs of non-American children entering a restaurant and being greeted by three American children at the door.
Arrangement:
Box No. 2, Folder No. 15.
Local Numbers:
AC0060-0000039-1 (AC Scan No. front and back cover)

AC0060-0000039-2 (AC Scan No. inside menu)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Food  Search this
Ethnic relations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Menus
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Menus, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Menus
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-menus-ref684
Additional Online Media:

Half the People / in the World / Suffer from Some Form of Skin Disease [booklet]

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Advertiser:
Walker Pharmacal Co.  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Culture:
Chinese  Search this
Japanese  Search this
Native American  Search this
African  Search this
French  Search this
German  Search this
Russians  Search this
Spanish  Search this
Arabs  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Booklets
Scope and Contents:
Cover of booklet, with orange ink. Various nationalities and races drawn diagonally across cover, facing left. Contents include a two-page introduction, a testimonial about the usefulness and international acclaim of Pineoline, and a letter of recommendation from Japan.
Arrangement:
Series: Patent Medicine, Box No. 48, Folder No. 2.
Local Numbers:
AC0060-0000179, AC0060-0000180, AC0060-0000181 (AC Scan Nos.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
advertising  Search this
Medicine  Search this
Skin -- Diseases  Search this
Genre/Form:
Booklets
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Patent Medicines, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Patent Medicines
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-patentmedicines-ref646
Additional Online Media:

Ah-Chin-Chin His Voyage and Adventures [booklet]

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Advertiser:
Tower Tea  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Culture:
Chinese  Search this
Asians  Search this
Irish  Search this
Africans  Search this
Indians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pamphlets
Scope and Contents:
Chinese man (Ah-Chin-Chin) in Qing dress using tea chest as a boat. This booklet details Ah-Chin-Chin's global voyage, during which he collects tea, coffee, exotic fruits and spices. Made by a British company but distributed in the U.S. as well.
Arrangement:
Series: Tea, Box No. 5, Folder Thomas-Tracy.
Local Numbers:
AC0060-0000205 (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Tea  Search this
advertising  Search this
Dry-goods  Search this
Travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pamphlets
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tea, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tea
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-tea-ref646

[Photographs from Mutual Life Insurance Pan-American 1901 World Exposition [booklet]

Topic:
Ethnic Imagery Project, Archives Center
Advertiser:
Mutual Life Insurance Company  Search this
Series Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969  Search this
Extent:
1 Item
Culture:
Filipinos  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Africans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Booklets
Place:
New York (State)
Date:
1901
Scope and Contents:
Photographs from Mutual Life Insurance Pan-American 1901 World Exposition Booklet: one depicts an "Indian Congress," another a constructed Philippine village, and a third an African dance.
Arrangement:
Series No. World Exposition, Box No. 10, Folder No. 3.
Local Numbers:
040060189.tif (AC Scan No.)

040060190.tif (AC Scan No.)

040060191.tif (AC Scan No.)
Related Materials:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, ca. 1724-1977
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World expositions  Search this
Genre/Form:
Booklets
Series Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: World Expositions
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-world-ref557
Additional Online Media:

[African woman with baby. Active no. 26384 : stereo photonegative.]

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8".)
Culture:
Africans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Scope and Contents:
Woman is nude to the waist.
Local Numbers:
RSN 17349
General:
Company catalog card included.
Currently stored in box 3.1.63 [81].
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Infants  Search this
Infants  Search this
Genre/Form:
Landscapes (representations)
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref13783

[Port scene.] 2754 Interpositive

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Local Numbers:
RSN 26042
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.46 [74], moved from [54].
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Boats and boating  Search this
Harbors  Search this
Ships  Search this
Waterscapes  Search this
Africa?  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref23802

Negro Dwarfs from the Interior of Africa. [Caption no. 1514 : stereoscopic photonegative]

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
American Stereoscopic Co.  Search this
Photographer:
Underwood, Bert, 1862-1943  Search this
Names:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904 : Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8".)
Culture:
Africans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Africa -- 1900-1910
Missouri -- 1900-1910
Saint Louis (Mo.) -- 1900-1910
Date:
1904
Local Numbers:
RSN 10008
General:
Company catalog card included.
Associated numbers: 70922.
In box 2.1.12 [87].
Collection Restrictions:
Researchers should view the positive videodisc image first or locate the image in SIRIS on the World Wide Web. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center.

A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.,Contact David Haberstich, 633-3721.

Digital image files linked to item-level records in SIRIS Webpac.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Exhibitions -- 1900-1910  Search this
Family -- 1900-1910  Search this
Genre/Form:
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref6686

African Sculptor [sic] at H[oward] U[niversity] Art Dep[ar]t[ment], April 1960 [cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Creator:
Eastman Kodak Company (film manufacturer)  Search this
Names:
Howard University.. Dept. of Art.  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Rice, Moses P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (4" x 5".)
Container:
Box 52
Culture:
African Americans -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Retouching
New Coccine (or Crocein Scarlet) dye
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Washington (D.C.) -- 1960-1970 -- Photographs
Date:
1960 April
April 1960
Scope and Contents:
Subject/Sitter: council banquet
Two men and a woman holding an African mask. They are standing in an exhibit of African material. No ink on negative. Ink on envelope: caption. "KODAK - SAFETY -- FILM" edge imprint. Retouching on face and hand with New Coccine.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Masks  Search this
Sculptors  Search this
Sculpture, African  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1960-1970 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film
Retouching -- Dye
New Coccine (or Crocein Scarlet) dye
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.6: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by client
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-06-ref14356

Embassy of Liberia 3/10/1978 [from enclosure] [black-and-white cellulose acetate photonegative]

Photographer:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Creator:
Eastman Kodak Company (film manufacturer)  Search this
Subseries Creator:
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Rice, Moses P.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (film strip.)
Culture:
Africans  Search this
Liberians  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Liberia
Date:
March 10, 1978
Scope and Contents:
Diplomats cutting cake for ribbon cutting ceremony. No ink on negative. Kodak Safety Film edge imprint.
Subseries Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Subseries Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Ribbon cutting  Search this
Cake  Search this
Embassies  Search this
Liberians  Search this
Diplomats  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1970-1980 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film.
Subseries Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.6: Black and white negatives in cold storage arranged by client
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-06-ref27489

The Ivory Ballads. [Print advertising.] John Martin's Journal

Advertiser:
Procter & Gamble Company  Search this
Donor:
Procter & Gamble Company  Search this
Collection Creator:
Procter & Gamble Company  Search this
Leyendecker, J. C., 1874-1951  Search this
Smith, Jessie Willcox, 1863-1935  Search this
Elliott, Elizabeth Shippen Green  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (b&w, 25 x 18.5 cm.)
Culture:
Africans  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Print advertising
Poems
Date:
1926
Published November 1926
Scope and Contents:
Ballad/poem about taming and cleaning African natives.
Arrangement:
No Box, No Folder (1926)
Local Numbers:
Ivorydata4 551

0207910541 (Scan No.)
General:
Box 4, Folder 14
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Reproduction restrictions due to copyright.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Racism  Search this
fables  Search this
Premiums (Retail trade)  Search this
Soap  Search this
Genre/Form:
Print advertising
Poems
Collection Citation:
Ivory Soap Collection, 1883-1998, undated; Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Procter & Gamble.
See more items in:
Ivory Soap Advertising Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0791-ref2105

Folio from a Haft awrang (Seven thrones) by Jami (d.1492); verso: the East African looks at himself in the mirror; recto: text

Patron:
Sultan Ibrahim Mirza  Search this
Author:
Jami (died 1492)  Search this
Medium:
Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 34.2 x 23.2 cm (13 7/16 x 9 1/8 in)
Type:
Manuscript
Origin:
Iran
Date:
1556-1565
Period:
Safavid period
Topic:
Safavid period (1501 - 1722)  Search this
poems  Search this
illumination  Search this
Iran  Search this
mirror  Search this
Arts of the Islamic World  Search this
African  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number:
F1946.12.221
Restrictions & Rights:
Copyright with museum
Related Online Resources:
Google Cultural Institute
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_F1946.12.221

Boat seat with spider web design from Ecuador

Created by:
Unidentified  Search this
Used by:
Débora Nazareno, Ecuadorian  Search this
Owned by:
Juan García Salazar, Ecuadorian, 1944 - 2017  Search this
Medium:
wood
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 5 1/2 x 12 7/8 x 14 3/4 in. (14 x 32.7 x 37.5 cm)
Type:
seating
Place made:
Esmeraldas, Ecuador, Latin America, South America
Date:
early 20th century
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Craftsmanship  Search this
Folklife  Search this
Ornamentation  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Juan Garcia Salazar
Object number:
2008.18
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Decorative Arts, Craft, and Design
Exhibition:
Cultural Expressions
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 050
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2008.18
Additional Online Media:

Teapot made by Peter Bentzon

Created by:
Peter Bentzon, American, ca. 1783 - after 1850  Search this
Medium:
silver and wood
Dimensions:
H x W: 7 x 12 x 5 in. (17.8 x 30.5 x 12.7 cm)
Type:
teapots
Place made:
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1817-1829
Topic:
African American  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Craftsmanship  Search this
Free communities of color  Search this
Ornamentation  Search this
United States--History--1815-1861  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.14
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Slavery and Freedom Objects
Decorative Arts, Craft, and Design
Exhibition:
Slavery and Freedom
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Concourse 3, C3 053
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.14
Additional Online Media:

Calypso Songs

Title:
Song and story magazine about Harry Belafonte
Published by:
Charlton Publications, American, founded 1940  Search this
Subject of:
Harry Belafonte Jr., American, born 1927  Search this
Medium:
ink on printing paper
Dimensions:
H x W: 11 x 8 5/16 in. (27.9 x 21.1 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
Derby, New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1957
Topic:
African American  Search this
Actors  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Calypso (Music)  Search this
Instrumentalists (Musicians)  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2010.34.13
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown-Restrictions Possible
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.34.13
Additional Online Media:

Ceremonial Object

Created by:
Renée Stout, American, born 1958  Search this
Medium:
mixed media : horn , cloth , bone , husk , twine , pigment , latex paint , shell
Dimensions:
11 × 14 × 3 1/2 in. (27.9 × 35.6 × 8.9 cm)
Type:
sculptures
mixed media
Place made:
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1990
Topic:
African American  Search this
Africa  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Art  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Religion  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Larry and Evelyn Kamanitz
Object number:
2011.142
Restrictions & Rights:
© Renée Stout
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Visual Arts
Exhibition:
Visual Art and the American Experience
On View:
NMAAHC (1400 Constitution Ave NW), National Mall Location, Culture/Fourth Floor, 4 052
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.142

Untitled

Photograph by:
Milton Williams, American, born 1940  Search this
Subject of:
Odu Changa  Search this
Ova Dojabshindi  Search this
Medium:
silver and photographic gelatin on photographic paper, mounting board
Dimensions:
H x W (Image and Sheet): 9 15/16 x 7 3/4 in. (25.2 x 19.7 cm)
Type:
gelatin silver prints
portraits
Place depicted:
Meridian Hill Park, Washington, District of Columbia, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 1979
Topic:
African American  Search this
Africa  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Local and regional  Search this
Photography  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Milton Williams Archives
Object number:
2011.15.22
Restrictions & Rights:
© Milton Williams
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Media Arts-Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2011.15.22

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