Liele, George approximately 1750-approximately 1825
Hosier, Harry approximately 1750-1806
Rush, Christopher 1777-1873
Spencer, Peter 1782-1843
Garnet, Henry Highland 1815-1882
Allen, William Francis 1830-1889
Garrison, Lucy McKim 1842-1877
Ware, Charles Pickard 1840-1921
Sankey, Ira David 1840-1908
Bliss, P. P (Philip Paul) 1838-1876
Bradbury, William B (William Batchelder) 1816-1868
Turner, Henry McNeal 1834-1915
Anacostia Community Museum
Anacostia Neighborhood Museum
Society of Negroes
St. George's United Methodist Church (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church (Philadelphia, Pa.)
St. Thomas' Church (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Mother African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church (New York, N.Y.)
First African Presbyterian Church (New York, N.Y.)
African Harmonic Society (New York, N.Y.)
First African Presbyterian Church (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Fifteenth Street Presbyterian Church (Washington, D.C.)
St. Philip's Church (Harlem, New York, N.Y.)
Shiloh Baptist Church (Washington, D.C.)
AV000962, AV003327 2 open reel 1 inch video recording
AV002679, AV003345, AV003421 3 open reel 1/4 inch sound recording
AV003336 1 cartridge 1/4 inch sound recording
Title transcribed from opening credits of video recording.
Church Songs of Black Americans 1740 - 1877 was created alongside the Climbing Jacob's Ladder: The Rise of Black Churches in Eastern American Cities, 1740 - 1877 exhibition which explored the growth and central role of African American churches during the 18th- and 19th-centuries in the eastern United States: Boston, Savannah, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, and Richmond. The exhibition was organized by the Anacostia Museum and held there from October 1987 to October 1988.
This short documentary provides an overview of the development of church music alongside the growth of African American churches in the eastern United States from the arrival of black Africans in Jamestown in 1619 through 1877 and the Reconstruction era. The evolution of church music within African American churches included the formation of music programs and performances, hymnals, choirs, negro spirituals, and music education as well as the addition of organs to accompany the singing of psalms, hymns, and anthems. During the Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1740s, the Christianization of slaves and Africanization of Protestant hymns swept through the American colonies. European Christianity and the emotionalism of the African homeland were combined during the Second Awakening, which began in the late eighteenth century and lasted until the middle of the nineteenth century. The history of church music created by urban and rural congregations within New England and Southern states is explored.
Short documentary. Part of Climbing Jacob's Ladder Audiovisual Records. Complete production: AV000962, AV003327. Production elements: AV002679 [narration], AV003345 [outtakes - sound], AV003421 [music], AV003336 [music]. AV003421: 6 songs including We Are Climbing Jacob's Ladder [also known as Jacob's Ladder] and Battle Hymn of the Republic [also known as Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!]. AV003336: 2 recordings of We Are Climbing Jacob's Ladder. Dated 19940923 [AV000962]. Undated [all other recordings].
Church Songs of Black Americans 1740 - 1877, Exhibition Records AV03-036, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution