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Wilton House, [between 1900 and 1929]

Garden designer:
Caus, Isaac de 1590-1648
Architect:
Wyatt, James 1746-1813
Physical description:
1 folder+ 14 glass plate negatives
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Place:
United Kingdom, England
United Kingdom, England, Wiltshire, Salisbury
England
Wiltshire
Salisbury
Wilton House (Salisbury, England)
Date:
1920
1929
between 1900 and 1929
Notes:
Like other great country houses in England Wilton House has been expanded and rebuilt over the centuries, with contributions from some of the most renowned architects working in the Palladian style. The gardens have evolved as well: in 1645 designer Isaac de Caus published etchings of his newly styled French formal Wilton Garden, set within the 21 acres of parkland that comprised the estate gardens. Features included elegant parterres bordered with clipped hedges, balustrades, galleries, statues, fountains, colored gravel walks and other walks under trellised vaults and pavilions. One natural feature left untouched was the River Nadder, and this became identified as in the English style as opposed to the highly ordered great gardens of the Continent. In the next century a footbridge based on Palladio's design for the Rialto in Venice was built over the river. The bridge complements the Palladian style house designed by architects Inigo Jones and his son-in-law John Webb. In the early 19th century architect James Wyatt re-used the provincial baroque carved limestone fac╠žade of the grotto at the end of the Great Walk, installing it on a building on the grounds known as the Old Schoolhouse. Wyatt also relocated on the grounds a 16th century porch from the earlier version of the main house, attributed to artist Hans Holbein.
The parterre was demolished and replaced by lawns, and contemporary gardens include a water garden, an Oriental garden area with linked ponds crossed by Chinese style red bridges, and a rose garden. Other public facilities include an adventure playground and a garden center. The current Earl of Pembroke and his family still own Wilton House and reside there.
Persons associated with the garden include First through 17th Earls of Pembroke, Herbert family (owners since circa 1550); Isaac de Caus (1590-1648) (garden designer, 1632-1633); Inigo Jones (1573-1652) and John Webb (1611-1672) (architects, circa 1633-1647) and James Wyatt (1746-1813) (architect, circa 1805).
Summary:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles.
Publications:
Garden has been featured in "Inventing the Garden" by Matteo Vercelloni, Virgilio Vercelloni and Paolo Gallo, Getty Publications, 2010, pp. 80-81
Garden has been featured in "Follies and Pleasure Pavilions: England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales" by George Mott and Sally Sample Aall, Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1989, pp. 118-120
Topic:
Gardens
Local number:
ENG057000
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens

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