1 photographic print gelatin silver 7 x 4 1/2 in. (17.8 x 11.4 cm)
This photograph was taken by Lorenzo Dow Turner while conducting field research in Brazil from 194-1941; notes on back of photograph written by Dr. Turner.
Verso reads: "An aunt and nephew--Bahia. The aunt was born in Lagos of parents who were ex-slaves from Brazil. She speaks Yoruba, Portuguese, and English."
The Lorenzo Dow Turner papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in 2003 by Professor Turner's widow, Lois Turner Williams. Additional materials were donated in the spring of 2010 by Mrs. Turner Williams.
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers are arranged into seven main categories; Lorenzo Dow Turner papers, Series 5: Photographs, ca. 1890-1974 is further organized into five subdivisions; Sub-series 5.4: Research is ultimately divided by the country where field research was conducted. This image is included in Sub-series 5.4.2: Research: Brazil
Information from exhibit brochure "Word, Shout, Song: Lorenzo Dow Turner, Connecting Communities through Language, August 9, 2010-July 24, 2011, Anacostia Community Museum," reads, "As Turner continued to explore the African survivals in Gullah, he was attracted to Brazil. He knew that a much larger number of Africans had been brought to Brazil as slaves than to the United States and that many of the West African languages that had influenced Gullah were the same ones that these enslaved Africans had brought to Brazil. Better yet, Turner also knew that Afro-Brazilians in the Northeast area of the country, especially in Bahia, had been able to retain man of their religious practices, oral literature, and musical heritage. Researching these survivals would be useful for him in his quest to build a more complete picture of how African languages had influenced Gullah."
Additional information form "Word, Shout, Song" reads "Salvador [Bahia] presented Turner with fertile ground for his research. This most African of Brazilian cities had received the majority of the Africans who had been enslaved in Brazil. Furthermore, its population of African descent had been able to maintain close relations with West Africa, as ships plied the waters between the two coasts taking people, goods, and news to and from. Turner had found Africa in Brazil."
Lorenzo Dow Turner papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Lois Turner Williams
Anacostia Community Museum Archives, MRC-777 1901 Fort Place, SE, Washington, DC 20020 (tel. 202.633.4853, fax 202.287.2422) ACMarchives@si.edu Consult archivist by appointment