1 folder+ 18 digital images; and 2 photographic prints
Mixed archival materials
United States of America, Wisconsin, Milwaukee County, River Hills
The Chimneys (River Hills, Wisconsin)
The Chimneys is a fifteen-acre property featuring extensive woodlands gardens and a red brick house modeled after the Raleigh Tavern in historic Williamsburg. Landscape architect Franz Lipp's 1950 design that surrounded the house featured yews, crabapples, hawthorns, elms and an orchard, and some of those trees are still growing, supplemented by hundreds of additional trees and shrubs that have been planted by the current owners as well as mature native trees. To the south of the house there is a five-acre lawn with a view of a pinetum and pergola near the bordering Indian Creek. Near the house there is a formal rose garden protected by a mature boxwood hedge, a perennial garden, orchards and a vegetable garden. Bordering the great lawn there is a white garden planted with rhododendron, Casa Blanca lilies and white bulbs, and a garden named for the owners' granddaughter that features dwarf conifers and maples. Three ponds along the edge of the woodlands gardens introduce the layered planting style that is featured, with an understory of bulbs and wildflowers, a middle level of flowering shrubs and trees and an upper story of mature trees.
Texture, bark and leaf color were considered when the tree collections were planted, with variegated and yellow leaf trees used as eye catchers in dark corners and along the ponds. There are fifty varieties of maple, beeches, spruce and pines, magnolias, oaks and viburnum along with bulbs and wildflowers that have been planted or replanted on the property and allowed to naturalize. In addition to preserving Lipp's scheme the current owners were influenced by European landscape and naturalized gardens by designers William Kent and William Robinson and American arboretums. Recent additions include a manmade pond, a Williamsburg-style gatehouse, and a tree house with colonial and gothic features.
Persons associated with the garden include: Emerson Noyes (former owner, circa 1930 -1950); Norman and Millie Chester (former owners, 1950-1984); Andrew H. Hepburn (architect, 1949-1950); and Franz Lipp (1897-1996) (landscape architect, 1950).
The folder includes worksheets, a planting list and other materials.