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Cliveden, 1925-1930

Landscape architect:
Barry, Charles Sir 1795-1860
Former owner:
Sutherland, George Granville Leveson-Gower Duke of 1786-1861
Astor, Waldorf Astor Viscount 1879-1952
Astor, Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor Viscountess 1879-1964
Gardener:
Fleming, John
Bridgeman, Charles
Garden designer:
Jellicoe, Geoffrey Sir 1900-1996
Physical description:
1 folder+ 6 lantern slides
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Place:
United Kingdom, England, Buckinghamshire, Maidenhead
England
Buckinghamshire
Maidenhead
Cliveden (Maidenhead, Buckinghamshire, England)
Date:
1925
1925-1930
Notes:
Cliveden is an historically significant estate set on 130-foot high banks above the River Thames, with its grounds sloping down to the river. Comprising about 375 acres, the estate's current mansion was built in 1851 by architect Charles Barry for George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, the 2nd Duke of Sutherland. Notable owners in the early 20th century included Waldorf and Nancy Astor. The estate's gardens include about 180 acres, while the rest of the property is woodland and paddocks. Highlights of the gardens include a formal four-acre parterre, topiary, a water garden, an herbaceous plant "Secret" garden (replacing an earlier rose garden designed by Geoffrey Jellicoe), a lime tree avenue, and a maze. Temples, pavilions, follies, and sculpture complement the plant material. The property is currently owned by the National Trust (Great Britain), which leases the mansion as a hotel. Cliveden was visited during the Garden Club of America's June 1929 tour to England. A complete copy of the GCA tour itinerary was printed in the Bulletin of the Garden Club of America (Fourth Series, No. 5), September 1929, pp. 6-25.
Persons associated with the property include Sir Charles Barry (architect and landscape architect, 1851); George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd Duke of Sutherland (former owner, 1850-1861); John Fleming (gardener, ca. 1851); Charles Bridgeman (gardener, ca. 1720); Waldorf and Nancy Astor, Viscount and Viscountess Astor (former owners, 1906-1942); and Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe (garden designer, 1959).
Summary:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopied book excerpts, and additional information about the house and garden.
Publications:
Garden has been featured in Arabella Lennox-Boyd, Traditional English Gardens (New York: Rizzoli, 1987), pp. 48-51
Garden has been featured in Christopher Thacker, England's Historic Gardens (Great Britain: Headline, 1989), pp. 8-9, 112-114
Garden has been featured in Mary Keen, The Glory of the English Garden (Boston: Little, Brown, 1989), passim
Topic:
Gardens
Local number:
ENG006000
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens

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