United States of America, New Jersey, Mercer County, Princeton
Prospect (Princeton, New Jersey)
Designed by John Notman around 1850 in an Italianate Victorian style, Prospect was the home of John Potter, a wealthy merchant originally from Charleston, South Carolina. At that time the property was not part of the Princeton University campus, but in 1878 it was bought by Robert L. and Alexander Stuart, who deeded it to the university. It served as the president's home until 1968, when it was converted to use as a faculty club and a glass addition was constructed. Prospect's gardens have seen many variations over the years, including design work by Beatrix Farrand around the time of the Princeton presidency of Woodrow Wilson (Farrand also served as a consulting landscape architect to the university from about 1913 to 1943). Part of Farrand's legacy was to create a design of paths and plantings in the shape of the university shield when viewed from above, which is maintained today via symmetrical boxwood hedges and arborvitae trees. Specimen trees of many varieties include an Atlas Cedar, Hawthorn, American Beech, and Tulip Poplar, as well as many varieties of conifers and evergreens, such as spruce, pine, and Canadian hemlock. Plantings are changed several times during the growing season; thousands of bulbs are a spring highlight. The images in this series are from the early 20th century, 1930 being an approximate date. Other images of Princeton University may be found in NJ110.
Persons associated with the site include Beatrix Farrand (landscape architect, ca. 1912), John Notman (architect, ca. 1850), John Potter (former owner, 1849-1878), and Robert L. and Alexander Stuart (former owners, ca. 1878).
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The folder includes a worksheet, photocopies of book excerpts and correspondence, and other information about the garden.
Garden has been featured in Elsa Rehmann, Garden-Making (Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1926)
Garden has been featured in Mac Griswold and Eleanor Weller, The Golden Age of American Gardens (New York: Harry N. Abrams in association with The Garden Club of America, 1991), p. 125
Smithsonian Gardens, PO Box 37012, Capital Gallery, Suite 3300, MRC 506, Washington, DC 20013-7012