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Vizcaya Museum and Gardens, 1916-1986

Former owner:
Deering, James 1859-1925)
Designer:
Chalfin, Paul 1874-
Architect:
Hoffman, Francis Burrell 1882-1980)
Landscape designer:
Suarez, Diego 1888-1974
Physical description:
2 folders+ 1 lantern slide; 111 35 mm. slides (photographs)
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Place:
United States of America, Florida, Miami-Dade County, Miami
Florida
Miami
Vizcaya Museum and Gardens (Miami, Florida)
Date:
1916
1916-1986
Notes:
Situated along Miami Bay, Vizcaya was the 1916-1925 winter home of industrialist James Deering. With overall supervision by Paul Chalfin, development of the site included a mansion designed by architect Francis Burrall Hoffman, Jr., and extensive gardens created by Colombian-born Diego Suarez. The gardens combined Italian Renaissance and French design elements and took seven years to complete. They were conceived as one vast outdoor room whose individual parts were integrated into a complementary whole. Garden features included many fountains, a central pool surrounding an elevated island, the elevated "Mound" with its small house or "Casino," statuary, and several themed gardens. Over the years hurricanes, humidity, and salt air took a toll on both the mansion and gardens, and much of the original property was sold for development. The site is now owned by Miami-Dade County, is open to the public, and continues to undergo extensive restoration. A recent garden addition is the David A. Klein Orchidarium to the north of the main house.
Persons associated with the property include: James Deering (former owner, 1916-1925); Paul Chalfin (designer); Francis Burrall Hoffman, Jr. (architect); and Diego Suarez (landscape designer).
Summary:
The folders include worksheets, copies of correspondence, brochures, photocopies of articles and book chapters about the site, and other information.
Publications:
Garden has been featured in Augusta Owen Patterson, "American Homes of To-day (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1914), pp. 263-267 and passim
Garden has been featured in "Miami's Villa Vizcaya," in Better Homes and Gardens America's Gardens (Des Moines and New York: Meredith Press, 1964), p. 86
Garden has been featured in John B. Bayley, "The Villa Vizcaya," Classical America, No. 3, (1973), pp. 67-93
Garden has been featured in James T. Maher, The Twilight of Splendor: Chronicles of the Age of American Palaces (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1975), pp.143-214
Garden has been featured in Clive Aslet, The American Country House (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990), pp. 264-280
Garden has been featured in Rebecca Warren Davidson, "Past as Present: Villa Vizcaya and the 'Italian Garden' in the United States," Journal of Garden History, Vol. 12 (No. 1, January-March 1992), pp. 1-28
Garden has been featured in Jorge M. Danta, The Marine Garden at Villa Vizcaya Miami, Florida: A Management and Interpretation Analysis (Master's Thesis, University of Pennsylvania, 2004), available as a PDF file on the Internet
Garden has been featured in Witold Rybczynski and Laurie Olin, Vizcaya: An American Villa and its Makers (Phildelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006)
Topic:
Gardens
Local number:
FL083000
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens

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