United States of America, Virginia, Albemarle County
Redlands (Albemarle County, Virginia)
ca 1930s, 1960s
The two-story red brick colonial style house was built ca.1789 to ca.1809, by Robert Carter (d. 1809) whose father was John Carter. The garden was designed by Robert Carter and his wife, Mary Eliza Coles of Enniscorthy, in 1798. The house overlooks the Hardware River. The garden was laid out in squares with boxwood planted at the corners, and with broad grass walks between them. Those closest to the house were planted in flowers while the lower beds were planted in vegetables. Some flower beds were laid out to depict the Maltese cross, the insignia of the Order of Masons, which was a common practice among Masons in the 18th century. A lilac hedge screened the garden from the lawn surrounding the house. There were long flower borders on either side of the main path that led from the house.
Some of the varieties of flowers and shrubs in the garden were: cowslips, hyacinths, jonquils, white narcissi, butter and eggs, violets, peonies, bleeding hearts, Madonna lilies, chrysanthemums, four o'clocks, Jacob's ladder, larkspur, Star of Bethlehem, lily of the valley, and roses. Also mock orange, snowball, smoke tree, flowering almond, southern yellow Jessamine, fruit trees and yucca (the leaves of which were used like twine) and iris.
Persons associated with the garden include members of the Carter family: Robert Carter and Mary Eliza Coles Carter (former owner, ca.1789-1830), Robert Hill Carter (former owner, 1830-1884), Margaret Smith Carter (former owner, 1884-1894), Robert Smith Carter (former owner, 1894-1899), Miss Mary Coles Carter and Miss Sally Randolph Carter (former owners, 1899-?), Dr. Burr Noland Carter (former owner, n.d.) and Robert Hill Carter (former owner, 1944-).
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles about the property.
This property is featured in Homes and Gardens in Old Virginia (1962) published by the Garden Club of Virginia, pp. 467-469