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Gunston Hall 1928-1987

Former owner:
Hertle, Louis
Mason, George 1725-1792
Architect:
Buckland, William 1734-1774
Restoration architect:
Kimball, Fiske 1888-1955
Landscape architect:
Hopkins, Alden
Physical description:
1 folder+ 12 glass lantern slides and 10 35 mm. slides
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Place:
United States of America, Virginia, Fairfax County, Mason Neck
Virginia
Mason Neck
Gunston Hall (Mason Neck, Virginia)
Date:
1928
1928-1987
Notes:
George Mason built Gunston Hall between 1753 and 1755. The house and gardens remained in the Mason family until the 1860s. After the Civil War ended, owners worked to restore the house and gardens which were destroyed by troops. Louis Hertle added a perola, rose garden with hybrid tea roses, and a reflecting pool. By 1934, nothing remained of the eighteenth-century garden except for the box hedge. When the Garden Club of Virginia took over the garden restoration, the pools, fountains, figures, summer house, roses, and flowering cherry trees were removed. Four parterres along the boxwood walk were planted in dwarf box. Also, two Chinese Chippendale gazebos were built on the outer corners of the lower terrace. The gardens and museum are open to the public.
Persons associated with the property include: George Mason (former owner, 1755-1792); General Robert Gibson Smith or Colonel Edward Daniels (former owner, ca. 1870); Jospeh Specht (former owner); Paul Kester (former owner, 1907-1913); Louis Hertle (former owner, 1913-1949); Commonwealth of Virginia (owner); William Buckland (architect, ca. 1753); National Society of Colonial Dames (caretakers, 1932-present); Alden Hopkins (landscape designer, ca. 1950); Glenn Brown (architect for restorations of house and grounds, ca. 1912); Garden Club of Virginia (garden designers); William and Harvey Nursery (transplanting box, 1952); and Thurman Bushrod (gardener).
Summary:
Folders include worksheets, brochures, and copies of articles.
Five 35 mm. slides have not been catalogued. They include copies of images from Better Homes and Gardens America's Gardens (p. 22); brochure aerial view; and Historic Virginia Gardens (pp. 110-111, 300, and 301).
Publications:
Garden has been featured in Better Homes and Gardens America's Gardens (New York: Meredith Press, 1964)
Garden has been featured in Garden Club of Virginia, Historic Virginia Gardens: Preservations (The University Press of Virginia, 1975)
Garden has been featured in James M. Fitch & F. F. Rockwell, Treasury of American Gardens (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1956), p. 10
Garden has been featured in Brandon, Homes and Gardens in Old Virginia (Richmond, Virginia: Garrett and Massie, Incorporated, 1962), pp. 47-50
Garden has been featured in Alice B. Lockwood, ed., Gardens of Colony and State (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1934), pp. 65-68
Garden has been featured in Edith Tunis Sale, ed., Manors of Virginia (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1909), pp. 92-103
Garden has been featured in Eleanor Hertle, "Gunston Hall," in Edith Tunis Sale, ed., The James River Garden Club, comp., Historic Gardens of Virginia (Richmond, Virginia: The William Byrd Press, INC., 1930), pp. 156-160
Garden has been featured in Peter Martin, The Pleasre Gardens of Virginia: From Jamestown to Jefferson (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press), pp. 123-126
Garden featured in Pamela Sparrow Williamson, "The Restoration of the Garden at Gunston Hall," address before The Pennsylvania Society of The National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in Philadelphia, April 16, 1969 (Commonwealth of Virginia: The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America, 1969)
Topic:
Gardens
Local number:
VA003000
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens

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