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The Highlands ca. 1930

Former owners:
Roosevelt, Nicholas Guy 1883?-1965 Mr Mrs
Landscape architect:
Eyre, Wilson 1858-1944
Creator:
Highlands Historical Society
Physical description:
1 folder+ 5 glass lantern slides and 7 35 mm. slides
Type:
Mixed archival materials
Place:
United States of America, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Fort Washington
Pennsylvania
Fort Washington
The Highlands (Fort Washington, Pennsylvania)
Date:
1930
ca 1930
Notes:
The Highlands lies on the old Skippack Pike in the White Marsh Valley. The English-style stone house was built by Anthony Morris in 1796. The Sheaff's developed the garden with two stone walls--one being crenelated. During Caroline S. Sinkler's ownership after 1915, the garden was renovated closely following the original existing features. Along both walls, there used to be lean-to greenhouses. These were removed by Sinkler and used to create a new wall. The plan of the garden had two axes that formed four separate gardens, one of them a parterre with a large sundial. Small pools, Italian sculptures, and garden ornaments were placed in the garden during Sinkler's time. Decay of the garden began after the death of Mrs. Roosevelt, when the property was bequeathed to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Persons and organizations associated with the garden include: Anthony Morris (former owner, 1796); George Sheaff (former owner); John Sheaff (former owner, ?-1915); Caroline Sinkler (former owner, 1915-); Nicholas G. and Emily Roosevelt (former owners, ?-1970); Archie Coutts (gardener); Wilson A. Eyre (landscape architect, 1917); George Saylor (gardener); Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (owners, 1970); and Highlands Historical Society.
Summary:
The folder includes a worksheet, narrative history, copies of articles, Garden Club of America correspondence, and copy of "The Highlands Preservation Master Plan" by George E. Patton (December 1977).
Publications:
Garden featured in James Boyd, ed., Beatrice M-P Cloud, A History of The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society: 1827-1927 (Philadelphia: The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, 1929) pp. 469-473
Garden featured in Phyllis L. Herring, "The Highlands: A 20th Century Wuthering Heights or a Potential Showplace," in The Green Scene (March 1976)
Garden featured in Louise Bush-Brown and James Bush-Brown, "The Highlands: the Garden of Miss Caroline Sinkler at Ambler" in Portraits of Philadelphia Gardens (Philadelphia: Dorrance and Company, 1929)
Garden featured in Andrew Jackson Downing, "A Treatise of the Theory and Practise of Landscape Gardening."
Topic:
Gardens
Local number:
PA008000
Data Source:
Archives of American Gardens

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